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Diagnostic imaging peer review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259272/current-evidence-regarding-diagnostic-imaging-methods-for-pediatric-lumbar-spondylolysis-a-report-from-the-scoliosis-research-society-evidence-based-medicine-committee
#1
Charles G T Ledonio, Douglas C Burton, Charles H Crawford, Robert Shay Bess, Jacob M Buchowski, Serena S Hu, Baron S H Lonner, David W Polly, Justin S Smith, James O Sanders
BACKGROUND: Spondylolysis is common among the pediatric population, yet no formal systematic literature review regarding diagnostic imaging has been performed. The Scoliosis Research Society (SRS) requested an assessment of the current state of peer reviewed evidence regarding pediatric spondylolysis. METHODS: Literature was searched professionally and citations retrieved. Abstracts were reviewed and analyzed by the SRS Evidence-Based Medicine Committee. Level I studies were considered to provide Good Evidence for the clinical question...
March 2017: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106934/neuroimaging-the-neural-correlates-of-increased-risk-for-substance-use-disorders-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Vitria Adisetiyo, Kevin M Gray
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are nearly three times more likely to develop substance use disorders (SUD) than their typically developing peers. Our objective was to review the existing neuroimaging research on high-risk ADHD (ie, ADHD with disruptive behavior disorders, familial SUD and/or early substance use), focusing on impulsivity as one possible mechanism underlying SUD risk. METHODS: A PubMed literature search was conducted using combinations of the keywords "ADHD," "substance use," "substance use disorder," "SUD," "addiction," "dependence," "abuse," "risk," "brain" "MRI," "imaging" and "neuroimaging...
March 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072628/clinical-recommendations-of-cardiac-magnetic-resonance-part-i-ischemic-and-valvular-heart-disease-a-position-paper-of-the-working-group-applicazioni-della-risonanza-magnetica-of-the-italian-society-of-cardiology
#3
Giovanni Donato Aquaro, Gianluca Di Bella, Silvia Castelletti, Viviana Maestrini, Pierluigi Festa, Lamia Ait-Ali, Pier Giorgio Masci, Lorenzo Monti, Gabriella di Giovine, Manuel De Lazzari, Alberto Cipriani, Andrea I Guaricci, Santo Dellegrottaglie, Alessia Pepe, Martina Perazzolo Marra, Gianluca Pontone
Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) has emerged as a reliable and accurate diagnostic tool for the evaluation of patients with cardiac disease in several clinical settings and with proven additional diagnostic and prognostic value compared with other imaging modalities. This document has been developed by the working group on the 'application of CMR' of the Italian Society of Cardiology to provide a perspective on the current state of technical advances and clinical applications of CMR and to inform cardiologists on how to implement their clinical and diagnostic pathways with the inclusion of this technique in clinical practice...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959264/-hourglass-neurinoma-resulted-in-symptoms-of-polyneuropathy
#4
Louise Feldborg Lyckhage, Peer Tfelt-Hansen, Troels Wesenberg Kjær
Distal symmetric polyneuropathy (DSP) is a common condition where limited diagnostic evaluation is usually required. We present a case story of a 50-year-old male who had symptoms of DSP, but electrodiagnostic testing suggested a more proximal lesion, and magnetic resonance imaging showed a spinal nerve root schwannoma. The patient recovered completely after surgery. This case exemplifies relevant use of electrodiagnostic testing. Based on a recent review, we briefly mention atypical features which should prompt further testing, emphasizing that evaluation should be reserved to a limited group of patients...
December 5, 2016: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910296/the-year-since-the-guidelines-a-concise-update-on-recent-advances-in-pulmonary-hypertension
#5
Abhishek Mishra, Maninder Singh, Edo Kaluski
Since the updated pulmonary hypertension (PH) guidelines published in 2015, two major landmark trials have provided additional insight regarding therapeutic algorithms of PH. In this review, we concisely summarized the key findings of peer‑reviewed studies published in the last one year in the field of PH. These studies have enhanced our therapeutic abilities by introducing a new potent agent, selexipag, and by demonstrating the advantage of upfront combination therapy (endothelin receptor antagonist and phosphodiesterase‑5 inhibitor) versus single agent therapy in group 1 PH...
2017: Minerva Cardioangiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843550/accuracy-and-cost-effectiveness-of-dynamic-contrast-enhanced-ct-in-the-characterisation-of-solitary-pulmonary-nodules-the-sputnik-study
#6
N R Qureshi, R C Rintoul, K A Miles, S George, S Harris, J Madden, K Cozens, L A Little, K Eichhorst, J Jones, P Moate, C McClement, L Pike, D Sinclair, W L Wong, J Shekhdar, R Eaton, A Shah, L Brindle, C Peebles, A Banerjee, S Dizdarevic, S Han, F W Poon, A M Groves, L Kurban, A J Frew, M E Callister, P Crosbie, F V Gleeson, K Karunasaagarar, O Kankam, F J Gilbert
INTRODUCTION: Solitary pulmonary nodules (SPNs) are common on CT. The most cost-effective investigation algorithm is still to be determined. Dynamic contrast-enhanced CT (DCE-CT) is an established diagnostic test not widely available in the UK currently. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The SPUtNIk study will assess the diagnostic accuracy, clinical utility and cost-effectiveness of DCE-CT, alongside the current CT and 18-flurodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography) ((18)FDG-PET)-CT nodule characterisation strategies in the National Health Service (NHS)...
2016: BMJ Open Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830245/unintended-consequences-of-sensor-signal-and-imaging-informatics-new-problems-and-new-solutions
#7
C Hughes, S Voros, A Moreau-Gaudry
OBJECTIVES: This synopsis presents a selection for the IMIA (International Medical Informatics Association) Yearbook 2016 of excellent research in the broad field of Sensor, Signal and Imaging Informatics published in the year 2015, with a focus on Unintended consequences: new problems and new solutions. METHODS: We performed a systematic initial selection and a double blind peer review process to find the best papers in this domain published in 2015, from the PubMed and Web of Science databases...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814822/acr-appropriateness-criteria-palpable-breast-masses
#8
Jennifer A Harvey, Mary C Mahoney, Mary S Newell, Lisa Bailey, Lora D Barke, Carl D'Orsi, Mary K Hayes, Peter M Jokich, Su-Ju Lee, Constance D Lehman, Martha B Mainiero, David A Mankoff, Samir B Patel, Handel E Reynolds, M Linda Sutherland, Bruce G Haffty
A palpable breast mass is one of the most common presenting features of breast carcinoma. However, the clinical features are frequently nonspecific. Imaging performed before biopsy is helpful in characterizing the nature of the mass. For women with clinically detected breast masses, the vast majority will require evaluation with ultrasound. Diagnostic mammography is the initial imaging modality of choice for women aged ≥ 40 years; ultrasound is typically necessary unless a definitively benign mass is identified as the etiology of the clinical finding...
November 2016: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811130/impact-of-neuroradiology-based-peer-review-on-head-and-neck-radiotherapy-target-delineation
#9
S Braunstein, C M Glastonbury, J Chen, J M Quivey, S S Yom
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: While standard guidelines assist in target delineation for head and neck radiation therapy planning, the complex anatomy, varying patterns of spread, unusual or advanced presentations, and high risk of treatment-related toxicities produce continuous interpretive challenges. In 2007, we instituted weekly treatment planning quality assurance rounds as a joint enterprise of head and neck radiation oncology and neuroradiology. Here we describe its impact on head and neck radiation therapy target delineation...
November 3, 2016: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628326/diagnostic-approach-to-advanced-fibrotic-interstitial-lung-disease-bringing-together-clinical-radiologic-and-histologic-clues
#10
Brandon T Larsen, Maxwell L Smith, Brett M Elicker, Jessica M Fernandez, Guillermo A Arbo-Oze de Morvil, Carlos A C Pereira, Kevin O Leslie
Context .- Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a distinctive clinicopathologic entity and the most common form of progressive diffuse lung scarring in older adults. Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis manifests histopathologically as the usual interstitial pneumonia pattern. The usual interstitial pneumonia pattern is distinguished by geographically and temporally heterogeneous fibrosis that is peripherally accentuated, often with honeycombing and traction bronchiectasis. Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is not the only disease that leads to end-stage lung fibrosis, however, and several other entities may also cause advanced fibrosis...
September 15, 2016: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591053/plus-disease-in-retinopathy-of-prematurity-a-continuous-spectrum-of-vascular-abnormality-as-a-basis-of-diagnostic-variability
#11
J Peter Campbell, Jayashree Kalpathy-Cramer, Deniz Erdogmus, Peng Tian, Dharanish Kedarisetti, Chace Moleta, James D Reynolds, Kelly Hutcheson, Michael J Shapiro, Michael X Repka, Philip Ferrone, Kimberly Drenser, Jason Horowitz, Kemal Sonmez, Ryan Swan, Susan Ostmo, Karyn E Jonas, R V Paul Chan, Michael F Chiang
PURPOSE: To identify patterns of interexpert discrepancy in plus disease diagnosis in retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). DESIGN: We developed 2 datasets of clinical images as part of the Imaging and Informatics in ROP study and determined a consensus reference standard diagnosis (RSD) for each image based on 3 independent image graders and the clinical examination results. We recruited 8 expert ROP clinicians to classify these images and compared the distribution of classifications between experts and the RSD...
November 2016: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548649/an-orthopedist-s-guide-to-shoulder-ultrasound-a-systematic-review-of-examination-protocols
#12
REVIEW
Kelms Amoo-Achampong, Benedict U Nwachukwu, Frank McCormick
BACKGROUND: The utilization of musculoskeletal ultrasound has expanded within the setting of the orthopedic clinic as a cost-effective, point-of-care diagnostic tool for shoulder pathology. In experienced hands, ultrasound exhibits capabilities equivalent to that of magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnosis of many shoulder diseases including full-thickness and partial-thickness rotator cuff tears. Although similarly effective in identifying additional shoulder disease processes, major obstacles to its widespread use include user dependence and intrinsic limitation to extra-articular diagnosis...
November 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27539091/preferred-practice-pattern-in-central-serous-chorioretinopathy
#13
Pooja H Mehta, Catherine Meyerle, Shobha Sivaprasad, Camiel Boon, Jay Chhablani
PURPOSE: Central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) management lacks well-defined guidelines given the variable natural history of this disease and the lack of prospective trials. We conducted an online preferred physician practice survey to track international trends and variations in the management of CSC data. METHODS: We designed and distributed an online 27-item questionnaire with secure confidential access to retina specialists with a publication record in CSC...
August 18, 2016: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27496236/comparing-the-accuracy-of-quantitative-versus-qualitative-analyses-of-interim-pet-to-prognosticate-hodgkin-lymphoma-a-systematic-review-protocol-of-diagnostic-test-accuracy
#14
Vít Procházka, Miloslav Klugar, Veronika Bachanova, Jitka Klugarová, Dagmar Tučková, Tomáš Papajík
INTRODUCTION: Hodgkin lymphoma is an effectively treated malignancy, yet 20% of patients relapse or are refractory to front-line treatments with potentially fatal outcomes. Early detection of poor treatment responders is crucial for appropriate application of tailored treatment strategies. Tumour metabolic imaging of Hodgkin lymphoma using visual (qualitative) 18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) is a gold standard for staging and final outcome assessment, but results gathered during the interim period are less accurate...
2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27260608/systematic-review-and-case-report-intracranial-complications-of-pediatric-sinusitis
#15
REVIEW
Neha A Patel, David Garber, Shirley Hu, Ameet Kamat
CONTEXT: Intracranial complications of rhinosinusitis are rare in the post-antibiotic era. However, due to potentially devastating outcomes, prompt recognition and management are essential. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to perform the first systematic review of the intracranial complications of rhinosinusitis in order to better characterize their clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment, and report a case of frontal lobe empyema secondary to pediatric frontoethmoid sinusitis...
July 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27209598/acr-appropriateness-criteria-clinically-suspected-pulmonary-arteriovenous-malformation
#16
Michael Hanley, Osmanuddin Ahmed, Ankur Chandra, Kenneth L Gage, Marie D Gerhard-Herman, Michael Ginsburg, Heather L Gornik, Pamela T Johnson, Isabel B Oliva, Thomas Ptak, Michael L Steigner, Richard Strax, Frank J Rybicki, Karin E Dill
Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations are often included in the differential diagnosis of common clinical presentations, including hypoxemia, hemoptysis, brain abscesses, and paradoxical stroke, as well as affecting 30% to 50% of patients with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT). Various imaging studies are used in the diagnostic and screening settings, which have been reviewed by the ACR Appropriateness Criteria Vascular Imaging Panel. Pulmonary arteriovenous malformation screening in patients with HHT is commonly performed with transthoracic echocardiographic bubble study, followed by CT for positive cases...
July 2016: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27104050/effectiveness-of-ultrasonography-in-diagnosing-chronic-lateral-ankle-instability-a-systematic-review
#17
Ahmed Radwan, Jordan Bakowski, Stephanie Dew, Bridget Greenwald, Eryn Hyde, Nicole Webber
BACKGROUND: Chronic ankle instability (CAI) is a condition that often develops after repeated ankle sprains, increasing the suceptability of the ankle to move into excessive inversion when walking on unstable surfaces. Treatment for CAI costs approximately three billion health care dollars annually. Currently, common diagnostic tools used to identify ankle instability are arthroscopy, imaging, manual laxity testing, and self-reported questionnaires. PURPOSE: The purpose of this systematic review was to investigate the effectiveness of ultrasonography in diagnosing CAI, in comparison with other diagnostic tools...
April 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27037396/lesson-of-the-month-2-catecholamine-induced-cardiomyopathy-pitfalls-in-diagnosis-and-medical-management
#18
Yaasir Mamoojee, Munawar Arham, Wael Elsaify, Sath Nag
Cardiomyopathy as the initial presentation of phaeochromocytoma (PCA) is uncommon. Diagnostic work-up and perioperative management may be challenging within this context. We report three cases of PCA presenting with cardiomyopathy to illustrate the pitfalls in diagnosis and management. None of the patients had typical adrenergic symptoms and all three were established on beta-blockers prior to diagnosis. Their fractionated plasma catecholamine levels were elevated and the diagnosis of PCA was confirmed with various imaging modalities and post adrenalectomy...
April 2016: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27016247/validity-of-icd-9-cm-codes-for-breast-lung-and-colorectal-cancers-in-three-italian-administrative-healthcare-databases-a-diagnostic-accuracy-study-protocol
#19
Iosief Abraha, Diego Serraino, Gianni Giovannini, Fabrizio Stracci, Paola Casucci, Giuliana Alessandrini, Ettore Bidoli, Rita Chiari, Roberto Cirocchi, Marcello De Giorgi, David Franchini, Maria Francesca Vitale, Mario Fusco, Alessandro Montedori
INTRODUCTION: Administrative healthcare databases are useful tools to study healthcare outcomes and to monitor the health status of a population. Patients with cancer can be identified through disease-specific codes, prescriptions and physician claims, but prior validation is required to achieve an accurate case definition. The objective of this protocol is to assess the accuracy of International Classification of Diseases Ninth Revision-Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) codes for breast, lung and colorectal cancers in identifying patients diagnosed with the relative disease in three Italian administrative databases...
March 25, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26919512/imaging-modalities-for-the-non-invasive-diagnosis-of-endometriosis
#20
REVIEW
Vicki Nisenblat, Patrick M M Bossuyt, Cindy Farquhar, Neil Johnson, M Louise Hull
BACKGROUND: About 10% of women of reproductive age suffer from endometriosis. Endometriosis is a costly chronic disease that causes pelvic pain and subfertility. Laparoscopy, the gold standard diagnostic test for endometriosis, is expensive and carries surgical risks. Currently, no non-invasive tests that can be used to accurately diagnose endometriosis are available in clinical practice. This is the first review of diagnostic test accuracy of imaging tests for endometriosis that uses Cochrane methods to provide an update on the rapidly expanding literature in this field...
February 26, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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