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Pathology peer review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647679/factors-impacting-on-psychological-wellbeing-of-international-students-in-the-health-professions-a-scoping-review
#1
REVIEW
Lisa McKenna, Eddie Robinson, Joy Penman, Danny Hills
BACKGROUND: There are increasing numbers of international students undertaking health professional courses, particularly in Western countries. These courses not only expose students to the usual stresses and strains of academic learning, but also require students to undertake clinical placements and practice-based learning. While much is known about general issues facing international students, less is known about factors that impact on those studying in the health professions. OBJECTIVES: To explore what is known about factors that influence the psychological wellbeing of international students in the health professions...
June 17, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644684/c-cell-and-follicular-epithelial-cell-precursor-lesions-of-the-thyroid
#2
Theresa Scognamiglio
CONTEXT: - The identification of precursor or dysplastic lesions in the thyroid is difficult. Pathology of the C cell has been extensively studied, and the preneoplastic nature of C-cell hyperplasia in the setting of familial medullary thyroid carcinomas is well established. However, the distinction between neoplastic and physiologic/reactive C-cell hyperplasia remains a challenge. Unlike C cells, the existence of a precursor lesion of follicular cell-derived tumors is less well established, and a dysplastic or preneoplastic follicular lesion has not been well defined...
June 23, 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640307/healthy-properties-of-green-and-white-teas-an-update
#3
REVIEW
S Pastoriza, M Mesías, C Cabrera, J A Rufián-Henares
Green tea has been consumed for centuries in Japan, China and Morocco. White tea, which is considered a variety of green tea, is mostly consumed in China and is very appreciated for its flavor. Currently the consumption of both types of tea has been extended to the western countries even as a functional ingredient. A group of polyphenols called catechins stands out among their bioactive components, the most abundant being the (-) epigallocatechin gallate, with high antioxidant power. Teas also contain other phenolic compounds such as gallic, caffeic, chlorogenic or cinnamic acids, quercetin and proanthocyanidols, caffeine, theophylline, l-theanine and minerals such as fluorine, manganese or chromium...
June 22, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619773/herbal-medicine-hyeolbuchukeo-tang-or-xuefu-zhuyu-decoction-for-treating-primary-dysmenorrhoea-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#4
Junyoung Jo, Jungtae Leem, Jin Moo Lee, Kyoung Sun Park
INTRODUCTION: Primary dysmenorrhoea is menstrual pain without pelvic pathology and is the most common gynaecological condition in women. Xuefu Zhuyudecoction (XZD) or Hyeolbuchukeo-tang, a traditional herbal formula, has been used as a treatment for primary dysmenorrhoea. The purpose of this study is to assess the current published evidence regarding XZD as treatment for primary dysmenorrhoea. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The following databases will be searched from their inception until April 2017: MEDLINE (via PubMed), Allied and Complementary Medicine Database (AMED), EMBASE, The Cochrane Library, six Korean medical databases (Korean Studies Information Service System, DBPia, Oriental Medicine Advanced Searching Integrated System, Research Information Service System, Korea Med and the Korean Traditional Knowledge Portal), three Chinese medical databases (China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wan Fang Database and Chinese Scientific Journals Database (VIP)) and one Japanese medical database (CiNii)...
June 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618131/pharmacognosy-phytochemistry-and-pharmacological-properties-of-achillea-millefolium-l-a-review
#5
REVIEW
Sofi Imtiyaz Ali, B Gopalakrishnan, V Venkatesalu
Achillea millefoilum L. (Yarrow) is an important species of Asteraceae family with common utilization in traditional medicine of several cultures from Europe to Asia for the treatment of spasmodic gastrointestinal disorders, hepatobiliary, gynecological disorders, against inflammation and for wound healing. An extensive review of literature was made on A. millefoilum L. using ethno botanical text books, published articles in peer-reviewed journals, unpublished materials and scientific databases. The Plant List, International Plant Name Index and Kew Botanical Garden databases were used to authenticate the scientific names...
June 15, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559779/periurethral-gland-calculus-discovered-on-workup-for-dyspareunia
#6
Ryan P Terlecki, Susan M MacDonald
A 55-year-old woman with a history of chronic dysuria in the absence of infection was found to have an unusual lesion below the urethral meatus. This was subsequently determined to be a periurethral gland containing a sizeable calculus. Pathologic analysis found the composition to be car bonate apatite (dahllite). Only one prior report of a female periurethral calculus has been noted in the English peer-reviewed literature.
April 2017: Current Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530427/a-meta-analytic-review-of-the-association-between-pubertal-timing-and-psychopathology-in-adolescence-are-there-sex-differences-in-risk
#7
Josie M Ullsperger, Molly A Nikolas
Research examining pubertal timing effects on psychopathology has emphasized that a subset of adolescents, particularly females, who experience early pubertal maturation relative to their peers appear to be at increased risk for psychopathology. The aims of the current meta-analysis were (a) to quantify the magnitude of early pubertal timing effects on psychopathology, (b) to examine potential moderators of pubertal timing effects (sex, psychopathology domain, sample composition, measurement method, and mean sample age), and (c) to examine findings in relation to hypotheses in the extant literature explicating differential pubertal timing effects for early versus late youth and males versus females...
May 22, 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508715/data-and-reporting-quality-in-tympanoplasty-and-ossiculoplasty-studies
#8
Susen Lailach, Thomas Zahnert, Marcus Neudert
Objective The objective of our study was to check the documentation of hearing outcome parameters and influencing factors (surgical, pathological, and methodological) in published literature evaluating hearing outcome after tympanoplasty. We aimed to assess how effectively the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) 1995 guidelines were applied. Study Design Retrospective noncontrolled study. Setting Ear research center. Subjects and Methods This study was based on a PubMed research, including peer-reviewed English-speaking original studies published from January 2005 to December 2015...
May 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473070/acr-appropriateness-criteria-%C3%A2-evaluation-of-nipple-discharge
#9
Su-Ju Lee, Sunita Trikha, Linda Moy, Paul Baron, Roberta M diFlorio, Edward D Green, Samantha L Heller, Anna I Holbrook, Alana A Lewin, Ana P Lourenco, Bethany L Niell, Priscilla J Slanetz, Ashley R Stuckey, Nina S Vincoff, Susan P Weinstein, Monica M Yepes, Mary S Newell
Appropriate imaging evaluation of nipple discharge depends the nature of the discharge. Imaging is not indicated for women with physiologic nipple discharge. For evaluation of pathologic nipple discharge, multiple breast imaging modalities are rated for evidence-based appropriateness under various scenarios. For women age 40 or older, mammography or digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) should be the initial examination. Ultrasound is usually added as a complementary examination, with some exceptions. For women age 30 to 39, either mammogram or ultrasound may be used as the initial examination on the basis of institutional preference...
May 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467211/hippocampal-sclerosis-in-older-patients-practical-examples-and-guidance-with-a-focus-on-cerebral-age-related-tdp-43-with-sclerosis
#10
Matthew D Cykowski, Suzanne Z Powell, Paul E Schulz, Hidehiro Takei, Andreana L Rivera, Robert E Jackson, Gustavo Roman, Gregory A Jicha, Peter T Nelson
CONTEXT: - Autopsy studies of the older population (≥65 years of age), and particularly of the "oldest-old" (≥85 years of age), have identified a significant proportion (∼20%) of cognitively impaired patients in which hippocampal sclerosis is the major substrate of an amnestic syndrome. Hippocampal sclerosis may also be comorbid with frontotemporal lobar degeneration, Alzheimer disease, and Lewy body disease. Until recently, the terms hippocampal sclerosis of aging or hippocampal sclerosis dementia were applied in this context...
May 3, 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447827/interpersonal-dysfunction-in-personality-disorders-a-meta-analytic-review
#11
Sylia Wilson, Catherine B Stroud, C Emily Durbin
Personality disorders are defined in the current psychiatric diagnostic system as pervasive, inflexible, and stable patterns of thinking, feeling, behaving, and interacting with others. Questions regarding the validity and reliability of the current personality disorder diagnoses prompted a reconceptualization of personality pathology in the most recent edition of the psychiatric diagnostic manual, in an appendix of emerging models for future study. To evaluate the construct and discriminant validity of the current personality disorder diagnoses, we conducted a quantitative synthesis of the existing empirical research on associations between personality disorders and interpersonal functioning, defined using the interpersonal circumplex model (comprising orthogonal dimensions of agency and communion), as well as functioning in specific relationship domains (parent-child, family, peer, romantic)...
April 27, 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374195/pathbot-a-radiology-pathology-correlation-dashboard
#12
Linda C Kelahan, Amit D Kalaria, Ross W Filice
Pathology is considered the "gold standard" of diagnostic medicine. The importance of radiology-pathology correlation is seen in interdepartmental patient conferences such as "tumor boards" and by the tradition of radiology resident immersion in a radiologic-pathology course at the American Institute of Radiologic Pathology. In practice, consistent pathology follow-up can be difficult due to time constraints and cumbersome electronic medical records. We present a radiology-pathology correlation dashboard that presents radiologists with pathology reports matched to their dictations, for both diagnostic imaging and image-guided procedures...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267931/ct-sinus-and-facial-bones-reporting-by-radiographers-findings-of-an-accredited-postgraduate-programme
#13
Paul Lockwood
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the observer performance of a cohort of radiographer's in reporting Computed Tomography (CT) sinus and facial bones investigations against a reference standard and alternative comparator of summary data from peer reviewed literature. METHODS: The participants (n=6) completed a 9-month part-time distance learning training programme prior to reporting an examination bank (n=25 cases) from a retrospectively collected and anonymised DICOM archive of CT examinations with referral histories and clinical reports...
March 7, 2017: Dento Maxillo Facial Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253926/exo-erythrocytic-development-of-avian-malaria-and-related-haemosporidian-parasites
#14
REVIEW
Gediminas Valkiūnas, Tatjana A Iezhova
BACKGROUND: Avian malaria parasites (Plasmodium spp.) and related haemosporidians (Haemosporida) are responsible for diseases which can be severe and even lethal in avian hosts. These parasites cause not only blood pathology, but also damage various organs due to extensive exo-erythrocytic development all over the body, which is not the case during Plasmodium infections in mammals. However, exo-erythrocytic development (tissue merogony or schizogony) remains the most poorly investigated part of life cycle in all groups of wildlife haemosporidian parasites...
March 3, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210788/surgical-management-of-degenerative-meniscus-lesions-the-2016-esska-meniscus-consensus
#15
Ph Beaufils, R Becker, S Kopf, M Englund, R Verdonk, M Ollivier, R Seil
PURPOSE: A degenerative meniscus lesion is a slowly developing process typically involving a horizontal cleavage in a middle-aged or older person. When the knee is symptomatic, arthroscopic partial meniscectomy has been practised for a long time with many case series reporting improved patient outcomes. Since 2002, several randomised clinical trials demonstrated no additional benefit of arthroscopic partial meniscectomy compared to non-operative treatment, sham surgery or sham arthroscopic partial meniscectomy...
February 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195641/clinical-pathology-of-amphibians-a-review
#16
REVIEW
María J Forzán, Jill Heatley, Karen E Russell, Barbara Horney
Amphibian declines and extinctions have worsened in the last 2 decades. Partly because one of the main causes of the declines is infectious disease, veterinary professionals have increasingly become involved in amphibian research, captive husbandry, and management. Health evaluation of amphibians, free-living or captive, can benefit from employing the tools of clinical pathology, something that is commonly used in veterinary medicine of other vertebrates. The present review compiles what is known of amphibian clinical pathology emphasizing knowledge that may assist with the interpretation of laboratory results, provides diagnostic recommendations for common amphibian diseases, and includes RIs for a few amphibian species estimated based on peer-reviewed studies...
February 13, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135114/videogame-related-illness-and-injury-a-review-of-the-literature-and-predictions-for-pok%C3%A3-mon-go
#17
Ali Pourmand, Kevin Lombardi, Evan Kuhl, Francis O'Connell
OBJECTIVE: Reports of videogame-related illness and injury soon emerged in the literature with the inception of videogame systems and subsequent development of novel gaming platforms and technologies. In an effort to better detail the impacts of these phenomena and provide recommendations for injury prevention as it relates to Pokémon Go and the larger world of augmented reality games, we conducted an extensive systems-based review of past trends in videogame-related illness and injury from the literature...
February 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118831/translational-models-for-vascular-cognitive-impairment-a-review-including-larger-species
#18
REVIEW
Atticus H Hainsworth, Stuart M Allan, Johannes Boltze, Catriona Cunningham, Chad Farris, Elizabeth Head, Masafumi Ihara, Jeremy D Isaacs, Raj N Kalaria, Saskia A M J Lesnik Oberstein, Mark B Moss, Björn Nitzsche, Gary A Rosenberg, Julie W Rutten, Melita Salkovic-Petrisic, Aron M Troen
BACKGROUND: Disease models are useful for prospective studies of pathology, identification of molecular and cellular mechanisms, pre-clinical testing of interventions, and validation of clinical biomarkers. Here, we review animal models relevant to vascular cognitive impairment (VCI). A synopsis of each model was initially presented by expert practitioners. Synopses were refined by the authors, and subsequently by the scientific committee of a recent conference (International Conference on Vascular Dementia 2015)...
January 25, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110290/guided-and-unguided-internet-based-vestibular-rehabilitation-versus-usual-care-for-dizzy-adults-of-50%C3%A2-years-and-older-a-protocol-for-a-three-armed-randomised-trial
#19
Vincent A van Vugt, Johannes C van der Wouden, Judith E Bosmans, Martin Smalbrugge, Willianne van Diest, Rosie Essery, Lucy Yardley, Henriëtte E van der Horst, Otto R Maarsingh
INTRODUCTION: Dizziness is a common symptom in general practice with a high prevalence among older adults. The most common cause of dizziness in general practice is peripheral vestibular disease. Vestibular rehabilitation (VR) is a safe and effective treatment for peripheral vestibular disease that entails specific exercises to maximise the central nervous system compensation for the effects of vestibular pathology. An internet-based VR intervention has recently been shown to be safe and effective...
January 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069095/deficits-in-social-cognition-an-unveiled-signature-of-multiple-sclerosis
#20
Moussa A Chalah, Samar S Ayache
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic progressive inflammatory disease of the central nervous system, representing the primary cause of non-traumatic disability in young adults. Cognitive dysfunction can affect patients at any time during the disease process and might alter the six core functional domains. Social cognition is a multi-component construct that includes the theory of mind, empathy and social perception of emotions from facial, bodily and vocal cues...
January 10, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
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