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Pathology peer review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891787/evaluation-of-the-western-australian-register-of-developmental-anomalies-thirty-five-years-of-surveillance
#1
Wendy N Nembhard, Carol Bower
BACKGROUND: The birth defects component of the Western Australian Register for Developmental Anomalies (WARDA-BD) was evaluated to assess its efficiency, effectiveness, and data quality. METHODS: WARDA-BD was evaluated using the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Guidelines for Evaluating Public Health Surveillance Systems and Data Quality Standards from the National Birth Defects Prevention Network. The evaluation included interviews with Register staff, local community organizations, parents, clinicians, and researchers; process observation; and secondary data analyses...
November 2016: Birth Defects Research. Part A, Clinical and Molecular Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859377/is-electrodiagnosic-testing-for-polyneuropathy-overutilized
#2
Elliot B Bodofsky, Gregory T Carter, John D England
Distal symmetric polyneuropathy (DSP) is one of the most common problems seen in clinical practice and one of the most frequent reasons for electrodiagnostic (EDX) testing. Most studies have supported the use of EDX testing for patients with suspected DSP. Some recent articles assert that EDX testing has a low yield in suspected DSP and is only needed for atypical presentations (a minority). However, many peer-reviewed articles indicate that EDX frequently changes diagnosis and management, and leads to a better understanding of the underlying pathology, severity, and prognosis...
November 8, 2016: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843007/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-intensive-multidisciplinary-intervention-for-pediatric-feeding-disorders-how-standard-is-the-standard-of-care
#3
William G Sharp, Valerie M Volkert, Lawrence Scahill, Courtney E McCracken, Barbara McElhanon
OBJECTIVE: To assess models of care and conduct a meta-analysis of program outcomes for children receiving intensive, multidisciplinary intervention for pediatric feeding disorders. STUDY DESIGN: We searched Medline, PsycINFO, and PubMed databases (2000-2015) in peer-reviewed journals for studies that examined the treatment of children with chronic food refusal receiving intervention at day treatment or inpatient hospital programs. Inclusion criteria required the presentation of quantitative data on food consumption, feeding behavior, and/or growth status before and after intervention...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834844/nutraceuticals-and-their-potential-to-treat-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-separating-the-credible-from-the-conjecture
#4
REVIEW
Keryn G Woodman, Chantal A Coles, Shireen R Lamandé, Jason D White
In recent years, complementary and alternative medicine has become increasingly popular. This trend has not escaped the Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy community with one study showing that 80% of caregivers have provided their Duchenne patients with complementary and alternative medicine in conjunction with their traditional treatments. These statistics are concerning given that many supplements are taken based on purely "anecdotal" evidence. Many nutraceuticals are thought to have anti-inflammatory or anti-oxidant effects...
November 9, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830252/findings-from-the-section-on-bioinformatics-and-translational-informatics
#5
H Dauchel, T Lecroq
OBJECTIVES: To summarize excellent current research and propose a selection of best papers published in 2015 in the field of Bioinformatics and Translational Informatics with application in the health domain and clinical care. METHOD: We provide a synopsis of the articles selected for the IMIA Yearbook 2016, from which we attempt to derive a synthetic overview of current and future activities in the field. As last year, a first step of selection was performed by querying MEDLINE with a list of MeSH descriptors completed by a list of terms adapted to the section...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822089/danish-gynecological-cancer-database
#6
REVIEW
Sarah Mejer Sørensen, Signe Frahm Bjørn, Kirsten Marie Jochumsen, Pernille Tine Jensen, Ingrid Regitze Thranov, Helle Hare-Bruun, Lene Seibæk, Claus Høgdall
AIM OF DATABASE: The Danish Gynecological Cancer Database (DGCD) is a nationwide clinical cancer database and its aim is to monitor the treatment quality of Danish gynecological cancer patients, and to generate data for scientific purposes. DGCD also records detailed data on the diagnostic measures for gynecological cancer. STUDY POPULATION: DGCD was initiated January 1, 2005, and includes all patients treated at Danish hospitals for cancer of the ovaries, peritoneum, fallopian tubes, cervix, vulva, vagina, and uterus, including rare histological types...
2016: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816360/does-peer-review-of-radiation-plans-affect-clinical-care-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#7
Kelsey Brunskill, Timothy K Nguyen, R Gabriel Boldt, Alexander V Louie, Andrew Warner, Lawrence B Marks, David A Palma
PURPOSE: Peer review is a recommended component of quality assurance in radiation oncology; however, it is resource-intensive and its effect on patient care is not well understood. We conducted a systematic review of the published data to assess the reported clinical impact of peer review on radiation treatment plans. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A systematic review of published English studies was performed in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines using the MEDLINE and EMBASE databases and abstracts published from major radiation oncology scientific meeting proceedings...
September 20, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808394/retraction-retraction-of-association-between-polymorphisms-in-the-xrcc1-gene-and-the-risk-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-by-han-jc-zhang-yj-and-li-xd-genet-mol-res-14-4-12888-12893-2015
#8
J C Han, Y J Zhang, X D Li
The retracted article is: Han JC, Zhang YJ and Li XD (2015). Association between polymorphisms in the XRCC1 gene and the risk of non-small cell lung cancer. Genet. Mol. Res. 14: 12888-12893. The GMR editorial staff was alerted about this article (received on May 3, 2015; accepted on August 18, 2015) published on October 21, 2015 (DOI: 10.4238/2015.October.21.9) that was found to be substantially similar to the publication of "Association of XRCC1 gene polymorphisms with risk of non-small cell lung cancer" (received on January 25, 2015; accepted on March 23, 2015; e-published on April 1, 2015) by Kang et al...
October 7, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808393/retraction-retraction-of-tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-gene-308g-a-polymorphism-association-with-the-risk-of-esophageal-cancer-in-a-han-chinese-population-by-h-zhao-h-w-zhang-t-zhang-and-x-m-gu-genet-mol-res-15-2-gmr-15025866-doi-http-dx-doi-org-10-4238-gmr-15025866
#9
H Zhao, H W Zhang, T Zhang, X M Gu
The retracted article is: Zhao H, Zhang HW, Zhang T and Gu XM (2016). Tumor necrosis factor alpha gene -308G>A polymorphism association with the risk of esophageal cancer in a Han Chinese population. Genet. Mol. Res. 15: gmr.15025866. Two major concerns were found in this article. Firstly, it was found to be substantially equal to the article "Tumor necrosis factor-alpha gene -308G > A polymorphism alters the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma in a Han Chinese population" published in the Diagnostic Pathology Diagnostic Pathology (2014) 9: 199, by Feng et al...
October 7, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798002/-omics-biomarkers-associated-with-chronic-low-back-pain-protocol-of-a-retrospective-longitudinal-study
#10
Massimo Allegri, Manuela De Gregori, Cristina E Minella, Catherine Klersy, Wei Wang, Moira Sim, Christian Gieger, Judith Manz, Iain K Pemberton, Jane MacDougall, Frances Mk Williams, Jan Van Zundert, Klaas Buyse, Gordan Lauc, Ivan Gudelj, Dragan Primorac, Andrea Skelin, Yurii S Aulchenko, Lennart C Karssen, Leonardo Kapural, Richard Rauck, Guido Fanelli
INTRODUCTION: Chronic low back pain (CLBP) produces considerable direct costs as well as indirect burdens for society, industry and health systems. CLBP is characterised by heterogeneity, inclusion of several pain syndromes, different underlying molecular pathologies and interaction with psychosocial factors that leads to a range of clinical manifestations. There is still much to understand in the underlying pathological processes and the non-psychosocial factors which account for differences in outcomes...
October 19, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785439/malignancy-in-disorders-of-sex-development
#11
REVIEW
Martin Kathrins, Thomas F Kolon
Disorders of sex development (DSD) represent a spectrum of conditions in which chromosomal, gonadal, or anatomic sex are atypical and affect 1 in 4,500-5,000 live births. The diagnosis of DSD raises concerns of tumor risk and treatment as well as future fertility preservation. We review the current understanding of the types of gonadal tumors that arise in DSD patients as well as possible markers and treatment. The goal is to inform the members of the DSD team (urologist, endocrinologist, geneticist, psychologist) of the latest findings regarding malignancy in DSD...
October 2016: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771190/emerging-and-future-applications-of-matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-time-of-flight-maldi-tof-mass-spectrometry-in-the-clinical-microbiology-laboratory-a-report-of-the-association-for-molecular-pathology
#12
Christopher D Doern, Susan M Butler-Wu
The performance of matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MS) for routine bacterial and yeast identification as well as direct-from-blood culture bottle identification has been thoroughly evaluated in the peer-reviewed literature. Microbiologists are now moving beyond these methods to apply MS to other areas of the diagnostic process. This review discusses the emergence of advanced matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight MS applications, including the identification of filamentous fungi and mycobacteria and the current and future state of antimicrobial resistance testing...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Molecular Diagnostics: JMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770851/emerging-and-future-applications-of-matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-time-of-flight-maldi-tof-mass-spectrometry-in-the-clinical-microbiology-laboratory-a-report-of-the-association-for-molecular-pathology
#13
Christopher D Doern, Susan M Butler-Wu
The performance of matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MS) for routine bacterial and yeast identification as well as direct-from-blood culture bottle identification has been thoroughly evaluated in the peer-reviewed literature. Microbiologists are now moving beyond these methods to apply MS to other areas of the diagnostic process. This review discusses the emergence of advanced matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight MS applications, including the identification of filamentous fungi and mycobacteria and the current and future state of antimicrobial resistance testing...
November 2016: Journal of Molecular Diagnostics: JMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753208/formalising-multidisciplinary-peer-review-developing-a-haematological-malignancy-specific-electronic-proforma-and-standard-operating-procedure-to-facilitate-procedural-efficiency-and-evidence-based-clinical-practice
#14
J Trotman, J Trinh, Y L Kwan, J A Estell, J Fletcher, K Archer, K Lee, K Foo, J Curnow, A Bianchi, L Wignall, E Verner, R Gasiorowski, E Siedlecka, I Cunningham
BACKGROUND: Multidisciplinary Team (MDT) meetings aimed at facilitating peer review have become standard practice in oncology. However, there is scant literature on the optimal structure and conduct of such meetings. AIMS: We aimed to develop a process for formal peer review of patients with haematologic malignancies, and to audit any resulting changes made to the management recommendations of the treating physician. METHODS: A standard operating procedure (SOP) for MDT meetings was developed essentially to integrate clinical peer review with weekly pathology and radiology meetings...
October 18, 2016: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742624/focused-ultrasound-examination-of-the-chest-on-patients-admitted-with-acute-signs-of-respiratory-problems-a-study-protocol-for-a-pragmatic-randomised-controlled-multicentre-trial
#15
M Riishede, C B Laursen, L S Teglbjærg, A T Lassen, G Baatrup
INTRODUCTION: Patients with acute respiratory problems poses a diagnostic challenge because similar symptoms can be caused by various pathological conditions. Focused ultrasound examination (f-US) of the heart and lungs has proven to increase the diagnostic accuracy in these patients. In this protocol of a randomised multicentre trial, we study the effect of f-US of the heart and lungs in patients with respiratory problems performed by emergency physicians (EP) as soon as the patient arrives to the emergency department (ED)...
October 14, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698323/functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-correlates-of-first-episode-psychoses-during-attentional-and-memory-task-performance
#16
Antonio Del Casale, Georgios D Kotzalidis, Chiara Rapinesi, Serena Sorice, Nicoletta Girardi, Stefano Ferracuti, Paolo Girardi
BACKGROUND: The nature of the alteration of the response to cognitive tasks in first-episode psychosis (FEP) still awaits clarification. We used activation likelihood estimation, an increasingly used method in evaluating normal and pathological brain function, to identify activation changes in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies of FEP during attentional and memory tasks. METHODS: We included 11 peer-reviewed fMRI studies assessing FEP patients versus healthy controls (HCs) during performance of attentional and memory tasks...
October 4, 2016: Neuropsychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697040/pharmacological-tools-to-activate-microglia-and-their-possible-use-to-study-neural-network-patho-physiology
#17
Fernando Peña-Ortega
BACKGROUND: Microglia are the resident immunocompetent cells of the CNS and also constitute a unique cell type that contributes to neural network homeostasis and function. Understanding microglia cell-signaling not only will reveal their diverse functions but also will help to identify pharmacological and non-pharmacological tools to modulate the activity of these cells. METHODS: We undertook a search of bibliographic databases for peer-reviewed research literature to identify microglial activators and their cell-specificity...
September 28, 2016: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693665/towards-a-cognitive-learning-formulation-of-youth-anxiety-a-narrative-review-of-theory-and-evidence-and-implications-for-treatment
#18
REVIEW
Allison M Waters, Michelle G Craske
The tendency to disproportionately allocate attention to threat stimuli, to evaluate ambiguous or benign situations as overly threatening, and to exhibit overgeneralised and indiscriminate conditioned fear responses to threat and safe stimuli are hallmark clinical correlates of pathological anxiety. Investigation of these processes in children and adolescents suggests that anxiety-related differences increase with age, and that the specific conditions under which anxious children differ from non-anxious peers are poorly understood...
December 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668667/aberrations-in-peripheral-inflammatory-cytokine-levels-in-parkinson-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Xiao-Yan Qin, Shu-Ping Zhang, Chang Cao, Y Peng Loh, Yong Cheng
Importance: The association of nonmotor features and Parkinson disease (PD) is increasingly recognized. Evidence suggests that inflammation may play a role in PD pathologic features and symptoms. Objective: To quantitatively summarize the peripheral inflammatory cytokine data available for patients with PD. Data Source: A systematic search of peer-reviewed English-language articles from PubMed, PsycINFO, and the Cochrane Library without year limitation was performed from December 7, 2015, to March 23, 2016...
September 26, 2016: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601183/deep-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-dtms-beyond-depression
#20
Aron Tendler, Noam Barnea Ygael, Yiftach Roth, Abraham Zangen
Deep transcranial magnetic stimulation (dTMS) utilizes different H-coils to study and treat a variety of psychiatric and neurological conditions with identifiable brain targets. The availability of this technology is dramatically changing the practice of psychiatry and neurology as it provides a safe and effective way to treat even drug-resistant patients. However, up until now, no effort was made to summarize the different types of H-coils that are available, and the conditions for which they were tested. Areas covered: Here we assembled all peer reviewed publication that used one of the H-coils, together with illustrations of the effective field they generate within the brain...
October 2016: Expert Review of Medical Devices
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