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Endoscopic intubation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787339/outcomes-in-pediatric-powered-endoscopic-dacryocystorhinostomy-a-single-center-experience
#1
Nandini Bothra, Milind N Naik, Mohammad Javed Ali
PURPOSE: The purpose of the article is to report the outcomes of powered endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (PEnDCR) in pediatric patients. METHODS: A single-center, single surgeon, retrospective, interventional, non-comparative case series was performed on all pediatric patients who underwent PEnDCR between July 2014 and July 2017. Patients with associated congenital anomalies like single punctum agenesis or lacrimal fistula were excluded. Surgery was performed as per standard protocols published earlier...
May 22, 2018: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777352/forward-viewing-endoscope-for-ercp-in-patients-with-billroth-ii-gastrectomy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Tae Young Park, Chang Seok Bang, Sang Hyeon Choi, Young Joo Yang, Suk Pyo Shin, Ki Tae Suk, Gwang Ho Baik, Dong Joon Kim, Jai Hoon Yoon
BACKGROUND: The forward-viewing endoscope has been increasingly used to perform endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in patients who underwent Billroth II gastrectomy. This study intended to assess efficacy and safety of the forward-viewing endoscope for ERCP in Billroth II gastrectomy patients compared with conventional side-viewing endoscope using a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted for studies that evaluated the outcomes of ERCP for patients with Billroth II gastrectomy...
May 17, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766735/-a-case-of-post-intubation-tracheal-stenosis-mimicking-bronchial-asthma-case-report
#3
Monika Šatánková, Kristián Brat, Zdeněk Merta, Miloš Šteffl
Postintubation tracheal stenosis (PITS) is one of the most frequent causes of lower airways obstruction. Usually, PITS is the consequence of prolonged intubation period, but may occur also after short-term intubation. Diagnosis may be difficult if stridor is not present and the post-extubation period is many years long. Bronchoscopy and CT scanning are the diagnostic gold standard. In some cases, lung function tests may also be helpful. Treatment options include conservative treatment, surgery and endoscopic methods...
2018: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746219/feasibility-of-continuous-intraoperative-neural-monitoring-during-transoral-endoscopic-thyroidectomy-vestibular-approach-in-a-porcine-model
#4
Daqi Zhang, Shijie Li, Gianlorenzo Dionigi, Tie Wang, Jiao Zhang, Gaofeng Xue, Hui Sun
BACKGROUND: Experimental study to evaluate feasibility of continuous intraoperative neural monitoring (C-IONM) in transoral endoscopic thyroidectomy vestibular approach (TOETVA). METHODS: Duroc-Landrace pigs were orally intubated with electromyogram endotracheal tube. Automatic periodic stimulation (APS) electrode was allocated in the operative field through the 5-mm ports. APS was then repose on vagal nerve (VN) with different approaches: (1) median, that is, between sternothyroid and thyroid gland; and (2) lateral, that is, between sternocleidomastoid and sternothyroid...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677067/reflections-on-combining-the-bonfils-intubation-endoscope-the-macintosh-videolaryngocope-and-the-difficult-airway
#5
Sinead E McCarthy, Richard M Cooper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664213/a-patient-centred-multi-domain-instrument-for-improving-the-clarity-of-outcomes-reporting-and-documentation-in-complex-airway-surgery
#6
S A R Nouraei, K J Heathcote
Laryngotracheal stenosis refers to abnormal narrowing of the central airways from larynx to carina. It is caused by an eclectic group of conditions that include intubation-related airway stenosis, granulomatosis with polyangiitis, tracheal compression or malignancy, and congenital laryngotracheal malformations. A significant proportion of patients with this condition can be satisfactorily treated using a combination of endoscopic and open surgical techniques and when definitive treatment is not possible, most of the remaining patients can be managed with a combination of endoscopic airway maintenance, stents, T-tubes, and/or tracheostomies...
April 17, 2018: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658650/endoscopic-management-of-bile-duct-stones-in-patients-with-surgically-altered-anatomy
#7
REVIEW
Yousuke Nakai, Hirofumi Kogure, Atsuo Yamada, Hiroyuki Isayama, Kazuhiko Koike
Bile duct stones in patients with surgically altered anatomy still pose a challenge to endoscopists. For successful endoscopic management of bile duct stones, there are multiple hurdles: Intubation to the afferent limb, biliary cannulation, ampullary intervention and stone extraction. The major advancement in this area is the development of dedicated device-assisted endoscopes for endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). In patients with Billroth II reconstruction, a high technical success rate is reported using a duodenoscope but can be complicated by a potentially high perforation rate...
April 2018: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649861/a-systematic-review-of-benefit-of-silicone-intubation-in-endoscopic-dacryocystorhinostomy
#8
Min Gyu Kang, Woo Sub Shim, Dong Keun Shin, Joo Yeon Kim, Ji-Eun Lee, Hahn Jin Jung
Objectives: Insertion of a silicone stent during endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) is the most common procedure to prevent rhinostomy closure. It has been claimed that silicone intubation improves the surgical outcomes of endoscopic DCR. However, many reports have documented an equally high success rate for surgery without silicone intubation. Accordingly, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to clarify the outcomes of endoscopic DCR with and without silicone intubation and determine whether silicone intubation is actually beneficial for patients...
April 14, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643961/cecal-intubation-rates-in-different-eras-of-endoscopic-technological-development
#9
Maciej Matyja, Artur Pasternak, Mirosław Szura, Michał Pędziwiatr, Piotr Major, Kazimierz Rembiasz
Introduction: Colonoscopy plays a critical role in colorectal cancer (CRC) screening and has been widely regarded as the gold standard. Cecal intubation rate (CIR) is one of the well-defined quality indicators used to assess colonoscopy. Aim: To assess the impact of new technologies on the quality of colonoscopy by assessing completion rates. Material and methods: This was a dual-center study at the 2nd Department of Surgery at Jagiellonian University Medical College and at the Specialist Center "Medicina" in Krakow, Poland...
March 2018: Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Mało Inwazyjne, Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628597/anesthetic-management-in-pediatric-patient-for-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-with-mitochondrial-myopathy-leigh-syndrome
#10
Ebru Tarikçi Kiliç, Nelgin Gerenli, Mehmet Salim Akdemir, Necmi Onur Tastan, Egemen Atag
Leigh syndrome (LS) is a rare disease mainly affecting the central nervous system due to the abnormalities of mitochondrial energy generation and seen in early childhood with progressive loss of movement, mental abilities, seizures, nystagmus, ophthalmoparesis, optic atrophy, ataxia, dystonia, or respiratory failure. Anesthesia and surgery exacerbate the risks of aspiration, wheezing, and breathing difficulties. Tracheal irritability can be stimulated with the efforts of intubation. We report the anesthetic management of a rare case of an 11-year-old boy with a severe form of LS for percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy insertion...
January 2018: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627053/laryngeal-split-and-rib-cartilage-interpositional-grafting-treatment-option-for-glottic-and-subglottic-stenosis-in-adults
#11
REVIEW
Wael Hasan, Patrick Gullane
Optimal management of tracheal stenosis depends on identifying causative factors. Risk factors include high tracheostomy, cricothyroidotomy, prolonged intubation, and proximal migration of an endotracheal tube cuff. Management ranges from conservative observation to endoscopic procedures or open surgical resections. The goal of surgical repair is an adequate airway, decannulation, and normal laryngeal function. For early stage disease, management of refractory conditions is via endoscopic procedures. An understanding of the respiratory function of the glottis and subglottis is essential when an optimum functional reconstruction of the glottic/subglottic area is considered...
May 2018: Thoracic Surgery Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616237/the-impact-of-endocuff-assisted-colonoscopy-on-adenoma-detection-in-an-organized-screening-program
#12
Lucas G Cavallaro, Cesare Hassan, Pierenrico Lecis, Ermenegildo Galliani, Elisabetta Dal Pont, Paolo Iuzzolino, Claudia Roldo, Fabio Soppelsa, Bastianello Germanà
Background and study aims:  Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening with biennial fecal occult blood test has been shown to reduce CRC mortality. For the effectiveness of the CRC screening program is crucial that a high-quality colonoscopy with a high adenoma detection rate (ADR) be performed. To improve ADR, various endoscopic devices have been developed. Endocuff, an endoscopic cap with finger-like projections, has been shown to improve ADR. The aim of this study was to compare in an organized CRC screening program ADR, advanced adenoma detection rate (AADR) and mean number of adenomas per patient (MAP) using standard colonoscopy (SC) and Endocuff-assisted colonoscopy (EAC)...
April 2018: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607395/efficacy-of-endocuff-assisted-colonoscopy-in-the-detection-of-colorectal-polyps
#13
Yoshiki Wada, Masayoshi Fukuda, Kazuo Ohtsuka, Mamoru Watanabe, Yumiko Fukuma, Yoko Wada, Masahiro Wada
Background and study aims : Colonoscopy is the gold standard for detecting colorectal adenomas and cancers. Endoscopic surveillance has been shown to be effective for preventing colorectal cancer. Although detection of colorectal polyps at an early stage is important, endoscopic visualization of early neoplasia can be difficult. The Endocuff is a new device that can be attached to the tip of the colonoscope to hold the colonic folds away from the field of view during withdrawal. The aim of this study was to compare the adenoma detection rate (ADR) and the mean number of adenomas detected per patient (MAP) achieved using Endocuff-assisted colonoscopy (EAC) and standard colonoscopy (SC)...
April 2018: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607392/colon-cleansing-protocol-in-children-research-conditions-vs-clinical-practice
#14
Yoram Elitsur, Yaslam Balfaqih, Deborah Preston
Background and study aims:  Colon preparation rates are the limiting factor for a successful diagnostic colonoscopy in children. Different colon cleansing protocols have been published for use in children. Unfortunately, the applicability of those published research protocols has not been formally evaluated in routine clinical practice. We investigated the success rate of our previously published colon cleansing protocol as utilized in our clinical practice. Patients and methods:  This was a retrospective study...
April 2018: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606935/eighteen-month-interval-growth-of-terminal-ileal-primary-adenocarcinoma-a-consideration-for-current-screening-guidelines
#15
REVIEW
Matthew Nazari, Alice Lee, Jared Rosenblum, Tilak Baba, Samuel Kallus
Primary adenocarcinoma of the small intestine comprises one of the rarest gastrointestinal malignancies. Further, the terminal ileum is very seldom implicated. This entity occurs sporadically and evades traditional colonoscopic evaluation in which the terminal ileum is not visualized. Herein, a case of interval development of primary terminal ileal adenocarcinoma over a 2-year period is reported as followed by direct endoscopic and colonoscopic visualization. This case demonstrates cecal involvement not found on initial evaluation without the provision of terminal ileum intubation...
September 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605358/surgical-management-of-children-presenting-with-surgical-needed-tracheal-stenosis
#16
Marie-Eva Rossi, Eric Moreddu, Loïc Macé, Jean-Michel Triglia, Richard Nicollas
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this work was to assess epidemiological aspects, surgical approach, morbidity and mortality rates of patients presenting with tracheal stenosis requiring surgery, and the evolution of surgical techniques over the last years. METHODS: We performed a retrospective observational study from 1990 to 2017 in a pediatric tertiary-care center with needing surgery for tracheal stenosis. We analyzed clinical patients' characteristics, type of stenosis, type of surgery and follow-up...
May 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590744/the-clinical-efficacy-of-silicone-stents-for-endoscopic-dacryocystorhinostomy-a-meta-analysis
#17
Do Hyun Kim, Seon Ik Kim, Ho Jun Jin, Subin Kim, Se Hwan Hwang
Objectives: We evaluated the effect of silicone stent use during endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy on postoperative morbidities in comparison with versus without a silicone stent. Methods: Two authors independently searched six databases (PubMed, Embase, Scopus, the Web of Science, the Cochrane library, and Google Scholar) from inception of article collection to July 2017. The analysis included prospective randomized studies that compared intraoperative silicone stent insertion (silicone group) with no application of a silicone stent (control group), in which the outcomes of interest were success rate (lacrimal passage patent check with syringing, symptom relief, or endoscopic confirmation of fluorescein dye from the opening of Hasner's valve) and morbidities (e...
March 30, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564363/acute-epiglottitis-in-the-immunocompromised-host-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#18
REVIEW
Cheng Chen, Mukil Natarajan, David Bianchi, Georg Aue, John H Powers
We present a case of acute epiglottitis in a 16-year-old with severe aplastic anemia. He was admitted with a history suggestive of a severe upper airway infection and an absolute neutrophil count of 0 per cubic millimeter. Despite his immunocompromised state, he presented with the classical signs and symptoms of epiglottitis. We review here the presentation and comorbidities of immunocompromised patients with epiglottitis. In addition, the appropriate choice of empirical antibiotic therapy is important for the management of epiglottitis in immunocompromised patients, especially in the post- Haemophilus influenza type B vaccination era...
March 2018: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29539651/linked-color-imaging-reduces-the-miss-rate-of-neoplastic-lesions-in-the-right-colon-a-randomized-tandem-colonoscopy-study
#19
Silvia Paggi, Giuseppe Mogavero, Arnaldo Amato, Emanuele Rondonotti, Alida Andrealli, Gianni Imperiali, Nicoletta Lenoci, Giovanna Mandelli, Natalia Terreni, Francesco Simone Conforti, Dario Conte, Giancarlo Spinzi, Franco Radaelli
BACKGROUND:  Linked color imaging (LCI) is a newly developed image-enhancing endoscopy technology that provides bright endoscopic images and increases color contrast. We investigated whether LCI improves the detection of neoplastic lesions in the right colon when compared with high definition white-light imaging (WLI). METHODS:  Consecutive patients undergoing colonoscopy were randomized (1:1) after cecal intubation into right colon inspection at first pass by LCI or by WLI...
April 2018: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523990/colorectal-cancer-surveillance-in-portuguese-families-with-lynch-syndrome-a-cohort-study
#20
Rita Vale Rodrigues, Isabel Claro, Pedro Lage, Isadora Rosa, Sara Ferreira, João Pereira da Silva, António Dias Pereira
PURPOSE: Lynch syndrome (LS) is associated with a high risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). The aim of this study was to assess the cumulative risk for the development of colorectal adenomas or carcinomas in a LS CRC surveillance program and to audit the quality of the endoscopic procedures. METHODS: We evaluated 147 asymptomatic LS mutation carriers, without previous CRC, in a surveillance program with colonoscopy every 12-18 months, between 2005 and 2016. Data was obtained by retrospective review of colonoscopy reports and hospital clinical files...
June 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
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