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Fiberoptic intubation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465052/nasotracheal-intubation-in-children-for-outpatient-dental-surgery-is-fiberoptic-bronchoscopy-useful
#1
A S Ozkan, S Akbas
Background: The aim of our study was to compare the hemodynamic responses and adverse events associated with nasotracheal intubation (NTI) using a fiberoptic bronchoscope (FOB) and a direct laryngoscope (DLS) in children undergoing general anesthesia for outpatient dental surgery. Methods: Eighty children (aged 5-15 years) were scheduled to undergo outpatient dental surgery under general anesthesia and of these children those who required NTI were included. Results: NTI was significantly longer in the FOB group (P = 0...
February 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416263/fiberoptic-guided-intubation-after-awake-insertion-of-the-i-gel%C3%A2-supraglottic-device-in-a-patient-with-predicted-difficult-airway
#2
Julian Arevalo Ludena, Jose Juan Arcas Bellas, Rafael Alvarez-Rementeria, Luis Enrique Munoz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349508/impact-of-intervention-time-on-hospital-survival-in-patients-requiring-emergent-airway-management-a-preliminary-study
#3
Kuo-Chuan Hung, Hsiu-Jung Lin, Shao-Wei Hsieh, Cheuk-Kwan Sun
BACKGROUND: The time in the day of intervention for physiological deterioration reportedly impacts patient outcomes. This study aimed at determining the impact of the time of ETI on hospital survival in critically ill patients. METHODS: Between January 2014 and December 2016, 151 patients who underwent emergency tracheal intubation (ETI) by the airway response team (ART) in the general wards of a tertiary referral center were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were divided into two groups based on the time of ETI (daytime group, 8:00 a...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349354/awake-intubation-in-a-patient-with-huge-orocutaneous-fistula-a-case-report
#4
Hye-Jin Kim, So-Hyun Kim, Tae-Heung Kim, Ji-Young Yoon, Cheul-Hong Kim, Eun-Jung Kim
Mask ventilation, the first step in airway management, is a rescue technique when endotracheal intubation fails. Therefore, ordinary airway management for the induction of general anesthesia cannot be conducted in the situation of difficult mask ventilation (DMV). Here, we report a case of awake intubation in a patient with a huge orocutaneous fistula. A 58-year-old woman was scheduled to undergo a wide excision, reconstruction with a reconstruction plate, and supraomohyoid neck dissection on the left side and an anterolateral thigh flap due to a huge orocutaneous fistula that occurred after a previous mandibulectomy and flap surgery...
December 2017: Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349352/learning-fiberoptic-intubation-for-awake-nasotracheal-intubation
#5
Hyuk Kim, Eunsun So, Myong-Hwan Karm, Hyun Jeong Kim, Kwang-Suk Seo
Background: Fiberoptic nasotracheal intubation (FNI) is performed if it is difficult to open the mouth or if intubation using laryngoscope is expected to be difficult. However, training is necessary because intubation performed by inexperienced operators leads to complications. Methods: Every resident performed intubation in 40 patients. Success of FNI was evaluated as the time of FNI. First intubation time was restricted to 2 min 30 s. If the second attempt was unsuccessful, it was considered a failed case, and a specialist performed nasotracheal intubation...
December 2017: Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319039/anaplastic-large-cell-lymphoma-presenting-as-bilateral-endobronchial-tumor-in-a-young-boy
#6
Abhijeet Dharmaji Sawant, Vijayraj S Patil, Pranjal M Gugalia, Rajiv Kumar, Sabita Jiwnani, George Karimundackal, C S Pramesh
A 15-year-old boy presented to us with a 4-month history of fever with worsening dyspnea since 1 month. His contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan of the thorax showed bilateral endobronchial lesions with complete collapse-consolidation of the left lung and partial collapse of the right lower lobe. His fiberoptic bronchoscopy guided biopsy had been reported in outside hospital as a neuroendocrine tumor. Due to worsening breathlessness, he had to be intubated. We repeated the endobronchial biopsy and combined with outside slides and blocks, was diagnosed to have an anaplastic lymphoma kinase-1 positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL)...
January 2018: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284884/airway-considerations-in-case-of-a-large-multinodular-goiter
#7
Harpreet Kaur, Amar Parkash Kataria, Magila Muthuramalingapandian, Harjinder Kaur
Patients with large goiters pose a great challenge to the anesthesiologist regarding securing the airway without compromising the safety of the patient. The technique of intubation depends on the choice and expertise of anesthesiologist. Awake fiberoptic intubation (AFOI) is the preferred technique. We present the case of large multinodular goiter with difficult airway in which AFOI was successfully used to secure the airway. Proper assessment, planning, and preparation for airway management should be done preoperatively to ensure patient safety...
October 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284863/evaluation-of-effectiveness-of-dexmedetomidine-and-fentanyl-midazolam-combination-on-sedation-and-safety-during-awake-fiberoptic-intubation-a-randomized-comparative-study
#8
Abida Yousuf, Basharat Ahad, Aabid Hussain Mir, Abdul Waheed Mir, Juvera Gul Wani, Sheikh Quyoom Hussain
Background: Awake fiberoptic intubation (AFOI) is a recommended technique for anticipated difficult airway. An ideal regime should provide patient comfort, cooperation, amnesia, hemodynamic stability, and blunt airway reflexes and maintain a patent airway with spontaneous ventilation. The aim of our study was to compare intubation conditions between dexmedetomidine and fentanyl-midazolam combination during AFOI. Methods: This prospective, randomized study was conducted on a total of sixty patients of the American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I and II of either sex, in the age group of 18-60 years having predicted difficult intubation undergoing elective surgeries and the patients were allocated to two groups of thirty patients each...
October 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260141/a-rare-case-of-non-surgical-vocal-cord-paralysis-vocal-cord-hematoma
#9
Akif Enes Arıkan, Serkan Teksöz, İsmail Ahmet Bilgin, Özge Tarhan, Ateş Özyeğin
Although vocal cord paralysis (VCP) following thyroidectomy is primarily associated with surgical trauma, it is not the sole etiology. Vocal cord paralysis following thyroidectomy can be caused by a vocal cord hematoma with an incidence of 1.4% due to direct injury during orotracheal intubation. In this article, we present a case of VCP caused by vocal cord hematoma. A 32-year-old male patient who has been receiving propylthiouracil treatment for toxic multinodular goiter since 10 years was admitted to our hospital to be operated because of persisting complaints...
2017: Turkish Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249583/bronchial-blocker-versus-left-double-lumen-endotracheal-tube-for-one-lung-ventilation-in-right-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery
#10
Yao Lu, Wei Dai, Zhijun Zong, Yimin Xiao, Di Wu, Xuesheng Liu, Gordon Tin Chun Wong
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the quality of lung deflation of a left-sided double-lumen endotracheal tube (DLT) with a bronchial blocker (BB) for one-lung ventilation in video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS). DESIGN: A prospective, randomized, clinical study. SETTING: A university-affiliated teaching hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-five adult patients undergoing esophageal tumor surgery using VATS with right lung deflation...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217156/air-q%C3%A2-versus-lma-fastrach%C3%A2-for-fiberoptic-guided-intubation-a-randomized-cross-over-manikin-trial
#11
M Portas, M I Canal, M Barrio, M Alonso, P Cabrerizo, M López-Gil, M Zaballos
INTRODUCTION: Airway management is still a major cause of anesthesia-associated morbidity and mortality. Supraglottic devices are recommended in difficult airway management guidelines. The aim of this study was to compare the performance of the Air-Q® and the LMA Fastrach™ for fiberoptic guided tracheal intubation. METHODS: Thirty-three anesthesia trainees participated in this randomized crossover study. Time to insert the dedicated airways (insertion of the airway into the manikin and delivery of two breaths), time to tracheal intubation (fiberoptic-guided tracheal intubation), time to remove the dedicated airway (removal of the Air-Q®/LMA Fastrach™ over the tracheal tube) and the opinion of the ease of use of the anesthesia trainees were measured...
December 4, 2017: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189274/lung-isolation-in-the-patient-with-a-difficult-airway
#12
Stephen R Collins, Brian J Titus, Javier H Campos, Randal S Blank
One-lung ventilation is routinely used to facilitate exposure for thoracic surgical procedures and can be achieved via several lung isolation techniques. The optimal method for lung isolation depends on a number of factors that include (1) the indication for lung isolation, (2) anatomic features of the upper and lower airway, (3) availability of equipment and devices, and (4) the anesthesiologist's proficiency and preferences. Though double-lumen endobronchial tubes (DLTs) are most commonly utilized to achieve lung isolation, the use of endobronchial blockers offer advantages in patients with challenging airway anatomy...
November 17, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155771/endotracheal-intubation-of-rabbits-using-a-polypropylene-guide-catheter
#13
Krista L Thompson, Thomas R Meier, Jodi A Scholz
Endotracheal intubation in rabbits can be challenging due to their unusual anatomy. Achieving a patent airway during anesthesia is critical for the avoidance of airway obstruction, prevention of gastric tympany, and to allow ventilatory support. Due to the difficulty of intubation, alternative methods such as the use of laryngeal mask airways or laryngeal tubes have been explored. However, these methods do not result in direct access to the trachea and thus may present a risk for development of complications...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152934/a-prospective-randomised-trial-of-the-ambu-auragain-laryngeal-mask-versus-the-lma-protector-airway-in-paralysed-anaesthetised-adult-men
#14
Berthold Moser, Laurent Audigé, Christian Keller, Joseph Brimacombe, Lukas Gasteiger, Heinz R Bruppacher
BACKGROUND: We hypothesise that oropharyngeal leak pressures differ between the LMA® ProtectorTM and the AuraGainTM, two novel supraglottic airway devices offering the possibility of intubation. METHODS: 98 male patients ASAI-II were randomly assigned to the AuraGainTM or ProtectorTM group. Oropharyngeal leak pressure was measured by incrementing cuff volume in 10 ml steps from 10 ml to 40 ml. The primary outcome was oropharyngeal leak pressure at 40 ml cuff volume...
November 17, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148179/clinical-implications-of-de-barsy-syndrome
#15
Lindsay L Warner, David A Olsen, Hugh M Smith
BACKGROUND: De Barsy syndrome is a rare, autosomal recessive syndrome characterized by cutis laxa, progeroid appearance, ophthalmic opacification, skeletal malformations, growth delays, and intellectual disability. AIMS: The aim of this case series is to identify the anesthetic considerations in the clinical management of patients with de Barsy syndrome. METHODS: A retrospective case review from 1968 to 2016 was performed at a single tertiary medical center to identify patients with de Barsy syndrome who underwent anesthesia for diagnostic and surgical procedures...
November 17, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141315/-clinical-efficacy-of-one-lung-ventilation-in-treatment-of-children-postoperatively-intractable-atelectasis
#16
J M Huo, K Bai, Y Q Fu, C J Liu, F Xu
Objective: To investigate the effect of fiberoptic bronchoscope-guided one-lung ventilation (OLV) on treatment of intractable atelectasis in children. Method: This retrospective cohort study was conducted in Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University from December 2014 to May 2017. Six patients with intractable atelectasis of left lung were included. Three cases were male and three female with the age from 1.5 to 11.0 years. The endotracheal tube was intubated to the left main bronchus for OLV by the guidance of fiberoptic bronchoscopy...
November 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133271/rescue-transtracheal-jet-ventilation-during-difficult-intubation-in-patients-with-upper-airway-cancer
#17
G Bouroche, C Motamed, J M de Guibert, D Hartl, J L Bourgain
INTRODUCTION: The failure rates of intubation and/or mask ventilation are higher in patients with neck or upper airway disease. To ensure oxygenation, Rescue Trans-Tracheal Jet ventilation (RTTJV) may be used. In this critical situation, a high rate of complications has been reported. The aim of this study was to report RTTJV performed by a jet ventilator with an end-expiratory pressure control in an experienced institution. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From a computerised database of 63905 anaesthesia cases, the anaesthetic reports of patients who underwent emergency RTTJV during intubation were studied retrospectively...
November 10, 2017: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123875/indications-of-early-intubation-for-patients-with-inhalation-injury
#18
Shinya Onishi, Akinori Osuka, Yuichi Kuroki, Masashi Ueyama
Aim: For patients with inhalation injury, the indications for early intubation are diverse. The purpose of this study was to identify the most reliable symptoms, physical findings, and medical examinations with which to determine the indications for early intubation in patients with inhalation injury. Methods: We retrospectively collected patient data from medical records. Collected data included age, sex, burn size, symptoms, physical findings, carboxyhemoglobin levels (COHb), and bronchial wall thickness (BWT) determined from chest computed tomography images...
July 2017: Acute Medicine & Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122412/determining-the-role-of-nasolaryngoscopy-in-the-initial-evaluation-for-upper-airway-injury-in-patients-with-facial-burns
#19
Daniel Freno, James Sahawneh, Sarah Harrison, Tim Sahawneh, Scott Patterson, Steven A Kahn
BACKGROUND: Upper airway injuries can be fatal in burn patients if not recognized, a scenario that causes a significant amount of anxiety for physicians providing initial assessment of burn patients. Early elective intubation is often performed; sometimes unnecessarily. However, some providers employ nasolaryngoscopy for patients presenting with facial burns or signs/symptoms of upper airway injury in order to assess the need for intubation, but this practice is not considered standard of care and may also be unnecessary...
November 6, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117819/role-of-ultrasound-in-confirmation-of-endotracheal-tube-in-neonates-a-review
#20
Deepak Sharma, Seyyed Ahmad Tabatabaii, Nazanin Farahbakhsh
Tracheal intubation is a commonly done procedure in neonatal intensive care unit and delivery room during resuscitation. The confirmation of endotracheal tube (ETT) position should be done quickly as tube malposition is associated with various serious adverse outcomes like hypoxemia, right upper lobe collapse, atelectasis, air leak syndromes and esophageal intubation. ETT position can be confirmed by various methods like clinical sign, chest radiography, capnography, external digital tracheal palpation, ultrasonography (USG), respiratory function monitor, video-laryngoscope and fiberoptic devices...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
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