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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217417/cat-fleas-ctenocephalides-felis-carrying-rickettsia-felis-and-bartonella-species-in-hong-kong
#1
Jan Šlapeta, Andrea Lawrence, Michael P Reichel
Fleas are commonly recorded on stray as well as domestic dogs and cats in Hong Kong. Fleas can be a major cause of pruritus in dogs and cats and also vectors of potentially zoonotic bacteria in the genera Rickettsia and Bartonella. Morphological examination of 174 fleas from dogs and cats living in Hong Kong revealed only cat fleas (Ctenocephalides felis). Cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 gene (cox1) genotyping of 20 randomly selected specimens, revealed three cox1 haplotypes (HK-h1 to HK-h3). The most common haplotype was HK-h1 with 17 specimens (17/20, 85%)...
December 4, 2017: Parasitology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214976/stray-cats-are-more-frequently-infected-with-zoonotic-protists-than-pet-cats
#2
Martin Kvac, Lada Hofmannova, Ynes Ortega, Nikola Holubova, Michaela Horcickova, Marta Kicia, Lenka Hlaskova, Dana Kvetonova, Bohumil Sak, John McEvoy
Faecal samples were collected from cats kept as pets (n = 120) and stray cats (n = 135) in Central Europe (Czech Republic, Poland and Slovakia) and screened for the presence of Cryptosporidium spp., Giardia intestinalis (Kunstler, 1882), Encephalitozoon spp. and Enterocytozoon bieneusi Desportes, Le Charpentier, Galian, Bernard, Cochand-Priollet, Lavergne, Ravisse et Modigliani, 1985 by PCR analysis of the small-subunit of rRNA (Cryptosporidium spp. and G. intestinalis) and ITS (microsporidia) genes. Sequence analysis of targeted genes revealed the presence of C...
December 6, 2017: Folia Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212456/helicobacter-induced-gastric-inflammation-alters-the-properties-of-gastric-tissue-stem-progenitor-cells
#3
Wataru Shibata, Soichiro Sue, Sachiko Tsumura, Yasuaki Ishii, Takeshi Sato, Eri Kameta, Makoto Sugimori, Hiroaki Yamada, Hiroaki Kaneko, Tomohiko Sasaki, Tomohiro Ishii, Toshihide Tamura, Masaaki Kondo, Shin Maeda
BACKGROUND: Although Helicobacter-induced gastric inflammation is the major predisposing factor for gastric carcinogenesis, the precise mechanism by which chronic gastritis causes gastric cancer remains unclear. Intestinal and spasmolytic polypeptide-expressing metaplasia (SPEM) is considered as precancerous lesions, changes in epithelial tissue stem/progenitor cells after chronic inflammation has not been clarified yet. In this study, we utilized three-dimensional gastric epithelial cell culture systems that could form organoids, mimicking gastric epithelial layer, and characterized the changes in epithelial cells after chronic Helicobacter felis infection...
December 6, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208009/troglostrongylus-brevior-a-new-parasite-for-romania
#4
Georgiana Deak, Angela Monica Ionică, Andrei Daniel Mihalca, Călin Mircea Gherman
BACKGROUND: The genus Troglostrongylus includes nematodes infecting domestic and wild felids. Troglostrongylus brevior was described six decades ago in Palestine and subsequently reported in some European countries (Italy, Spain, Greece, Bulgaria, and Bosnia and Herzegovina). As the diagnosis by the first-stage larvae (L1) may be challenging, there is a possibility of confusion with Aelurostrongylus abstrusus. Hence, the knowledge on the distribution of this neglected feline parasite is still scarce...
December 6, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202201/prevalence-and-seasonality-of-fleas-associated-with-california-ground-squirrels-and-the-potential-risk-of-tularemia-in-an-outdoor-non-human-primate-research-facility
#5
Tara Roth, Rebecca Sammak, Janet Foley
Ectoparasites at primate research centers may be difficult to control, e.g. without exposing non-human primates (NHPs) to toxicants, but their impact on NHP health is poorly understood. In 2010, there was an epizootic of tularemia at the California National Primate Research Center (CNPRC) in Yolo County, California that resulted in 20 confirmed and suspect clinical cases in outdoors housed rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta [Zimmermann]) and a 53% seroprevalence in the southern section of the colony. We studied ectoparasite burdens at the CNPRC in order to understand possible conditions at the time of the epizootic and provide data for the management of ectoparasites for the future...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196065/steroidogenic-enzymes-their-products-and-sex-steroid-receptors-during-testis-development-and-spermatogenesis-in-the-domestic-cat-felis-catus
#6
Beate C Braun, Minami W Okuyama, Karin Müller, Martin Dehnhard, Katarina Jewgenow
In the present study we comprehensively characterize intratesticular sex steroid production, metabolism and receptors in the domestic cat to elucidate the role of testosterone, estradiol and progesterone in testis development, steroid synthesis and spermatogenesis. There is a great demand for new concepts of fertility control in domestic (feral) cats and wild felids. The acquired knowledge will help to understand the regulation of spermatogenesis in felids, and may reveal new target points for male contraception...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195994/identification-of-variable-genomic-regions-related-to-stress-response-in-oenococcus-oeni
#7
Mar Margalef-Català, Giovanna E Felis, Cristina Reguant, Elena Stefanelli, Sandra Torriani, Albert Bordons
The lactic acid bacterium Oenococcus oeni is the most important species involved in malolactic fermentation due to its capability to survive in presence of ethanol and in the acidic environment of wine. In order to identify novel genes involved in adaptation to wine, a new approach using genome-wide analysis based on stress-related genes was performed in strain O. oeni PSU-1, and 106 annotated stress genes were identified. The in silico analysis revealed the high similarity of all those genes through 57 O. oeni genomes; however, seven variable regions of genomic plasticity could be determined for their different presence observed among these strains...
December 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194713/intraspecific-variation-in-the-domestic-cat-bony-labyrinth-revealed-by-different-measurement-techniques
#8
Rico Schellhorn
The knowledge of intraspecific variation is important to make assumptions on an interspecific level. To study intraspecific variation in the bony labyrinth morphology of the domestic cat, eleven specimens of Felis silvestris catus and two additional subspecies (F. s. lybica, F. s. ornata) were investigated. The sample comprises skulls of adult males and females, as well as juvenile cats. Each bony labyrinth endocast was virtually reconstructed based on µCT scans. To estimate the radius of curvature of each inner ear semicircular canal, three different approaches were tested...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Morphology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187719/-small-animal-aspergillosis-and-cryptococcosis-in-japan
#9
Rui Kano
 Canine and feline upper respiratory tract (URT) infection due to Aspergillus spp. is considered an emerging disease, with the number of reported cases continuing to rise in Japan. Aspergillus fumigatus has been the most frequently reported etiologic agent of sino-orbital aspergillosis in dogs and cats; the other Aspergillus species, Aspergillus felis, Aspergillus fischeri, Aspergillus udagawae, Aspergillus viridinutans, and A. fumigatus, have also been implicated in feline cases. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of antifungal drugs are elevated for these cryptic species compared with A...
2017: Medical Mycology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176722/tides-in-the-last-interglacial-insights-from-notch-geometry-and-palaeo-tidal-models-in-bonaire-netherland-antilles
#10
Thomas Lorscheid, Thomas Felis, Paolo Stocchi, J Christina Obert, Denis Scholz, Alessio Rovere
The study of past sea levels relies largely on the interpretation of sea-level indicators. Palaeo tidal notches are considered as one of the most precise sea-level indicators as their formation is closely tied to the local tidal range. We present geometric measurements of modern and palaeo (Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 5e) tidal notches on Bonaire (southern Caribbean Sea) and results from two tidal simulations, using the present-day bathymetry and a palaeo-bathymetry. We use these two tools to investigate changes in the tidal range since MIS 5e...
November 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174365/rickettsia-diversity-in-southern-africa-a-small-mammal-perspective
#11
Sandra Essbauer, Mirja Hofmann, Christoph Kleinemeier, Silke Wölfel, Sonja Matthee
Worldwide, including Africa, rickettsioses are recognized as emerging or re-emerging infections. To date, little is known about the diversity of Rickettsia species that are naturally associated with small mammals in southern Africa. The aim of the study was to screen a diversity of small mammals for the presence of rickettsial DNA. Animals were trapped at 38 localities in South Africa and Namibia. In total, 1616 ear-tissue samples from 23 species representing 17 genera were tested using real-time (rt)PCR and multi-locus sequence typing (MLST)...
November 14, 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173547/bobcats-lynx-rufus-are-natural-definitive-host-of-besnoitia-darlingi
#12
Shiv K Verma, Camila K Cerqueira-Cézar, Fernando H A Murata, Matthew J Lovallo, Benjamin M Rosenthal, Jitender P Dubey
Bovine besnoitiosis, caused by Besnoitia besnoiti, is an economically important disease of cattle in many countries but its transmission remains a mystery. Wild felids are suspected to be its definitive hosts. The domestic cat (Felis catus) is known experimental definitive host for Besnoitia species of rodents. Here, we report for Besnoitia darlingi the first identification of a natural definitive host, the bobcat (Lynx rufus). Oocysts resembling Toxoplasma gondii (unsporulated; 10.9±0.8×12.1±0.2μm; n=5) were detected microscopically in the feces of two of 25 free ranging wild bobcats from Mississippi, USA...
December 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173546/season-long-control-of-flea-and-tick-infestations-in-a-population-of-cats-in-the-aeolian-archipelago-using-a-collar-containing-10-imidacloprid-and-4-5-flumethrin
#13
Domenico Otranto, Filipe Dantas-Torres, Ettore Napoli, Fabrizio Solari Basano, Katrin Deuster, Matthias Pollmeier, Gioia Capelli, Emanuele Brianti
Cats that have outdoor access are highly exposed to ticks, fleas, mites and flying insects, though the risk to become infested by arthropods is less perceived in cats than in dogs. This has resulted in fewer treatment and prevention options being available for cats than for dogs. A collar containing a combination of 10% imidacloprid and 4.5% flumethrin (Seresto®, Bayer Animal Health) is available for cats and licensed with claims against ticks and fleas for 7-8 months. Following the assessment of the efficacy of the collar against Leishmania infantum infection in privately owned cats living in the Aeolian archipelago, herein we report the efficacy of the collar in the treatment and prevention of tick and flea infestations in the same population of cats over a period of one year of observation...
December 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163980/follow-up-monitoring-in-a-cat-with-leishmaniosis-and-coinfections-with-hepatozoon-felis-and-candidatus-mycoplasma-haemominutum
#14
Charalampos Attipa, Kyriaki Neofytou, Christos Yiapanis, Pamela Martínez-Orellana, Gad Baneth, Yaarit Nachum-Biala, Harriet Brooks-Brownlie, Laia Solano-Gallego, Séverine Tasker
Case summary: A 6-year-old female neutered domestic shorthair cat from Cyprus was presented with multiple ulcerated skin nodules. Cytology and histopathology of the lesions revealed granulomatous dermatitis with intracytoplasmic organisms, consistent with amastigotes of Leishmania species. Biochemistry identified a mild hyperproteinaemia. Blood extraction and PCR detected Leishmania species, Hepatozoon species and 'Candidatus Mycoplasma haemominutum' (CMhm) DNA. Subsequent sequencing identified Hepatozoon felis...
July 2017: JFMS Open Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160357/co-infection-with-arthropod-borne-pathogens-in-domestic-cats
#15
Marcos Rogério André, Kilder Dantas Filgueira, Ana Cláudia Calchi, Keyla Carstens Marques de Sousa, Luiz Ricardo Gonçalves, Vitor Brasil Medeiros, Poliana Araújo Ximenes, Ivana Cristina Nunes Gadelha Lelis, Maria Vanuza Nunes de Meireles, Rosangela Zacarias Machado
The role of several feline vector-borne pathogens (FVBP) as a cause of disease in cats has not been clearly determined. In fact, with the exception of Bartonella spp. and hemoplasmas, FVBP in cats has not been clearly determined in Brazil yet. The present study aimed at identifying, by using molecular methods, the presence of FVBP in three cats showing non-specific clinical signs and inclusions suggestive of hemoparasites in blood smears. Cytauxzoon felis, 'Candidatus Mycoplasma haemominutum', Ehrlichia sp...
November 9, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158534/changes-to-yucat%C3%A3-n-peninsula-precipitation-associated-with-salinity-and-temperature-extremes-of-the-caribbean-sea-during-the-maya-civilization-collapse
#16
Henry C Wu, Thomas Felis, Denis Scholz, Cyril Giry, Martin Kölling, Klaus P Jochum, Sander R Scheffers
Explanations of the Classic Maya civilization demise on the Yucatán Peninsula during the Terminal Classic Period (TCP; ~CE 750-1050) are controversial. Multiyear droughts are one likely cause, but the role of the Caribbean Sea, the dominant moisture source for Mesoamerica, remains largely unknown. Here we present bimonthly-resolved snapshots of reconstructed sea surface temperature (SST) and salinity (SSS) variability in the southern Caribbean from precisely dated fossil corals. The results indicate pronounced interannual to decadal SST and SSS variability during the TCP, which may be temporally coherent to precipitation anomalies on the Yucatán...
November 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155880/molecular-characterization-of-novel-mosquito-borne-rickettsia-spp-from-mosquitoes-collected-at-the-demilitarized-zone-of-the-republic-of-korea
#17
Alice N Maina, Terry A Klein, Heung-Chul Kim, Sung-Tae Chong, Yu Yang, Kristin Mullins, Ju Jiang, Heidi St John, Richard G Jarman, Jun Hang, Allen L Richards
Rickettsiae are associated with a diverse range of invertebrate hosts. Of these, mosquitoes could emerge as one of the most important vectors because of their ability to transmit significant numbers of pathogens and parasites throughout the world. Recent studies have implicated Anopheles gambiae as a potential vector of Rickettsia felis. Herein we report that a metagenome sequencing study identified rickettsial sequence reads in culicine mosquitoes from the Republic of Korea. The detected rickettsiae were characterized by a genus-specific quantitative real-time PCR assay and sequencing of rrs, gltA, 17kDa, ompB, and sca4 genes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149857/putative-progressive-and-abortive-feline-leukemia-virus-infection-outcomes-in-captive-jaguarundis-puma-yagouaroundi
#18
Claudia Filoni, A Katrin Helfer-Hungerbuehler, José Luiz Catão-Dias, Mara Cristina Marques, Luciana Neves Torres, Manfred Reinacher, Regina Hofmann-Lehmann
BACKGROUND: Feline leukemia virus (FeLV) is an exogenous gammaretrovirus of domestic cats (Felis catus) and some wild felids. The outcomes of FeLV infection in domestic cats vary according to host susceptibility, virus strain, and infectious challenge dose. Jaguarundis (Puma yagouaroundi) are small wild felids from South and Central America. We previously reported on FeLV infections in jaguarundis. We hypothesized here that the outcomes of FeLV infection in P. yagouaroundi mimic those observed in domestic cats...
November 17, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145026/lc-ms-ms-quantification-of-felinine-metabolites-in-tissues-fluids-and-excretions-from-the-domestic-cat-felis-catus
#19
Ayami Futsuta, Wataru Hojo, Tamako Miyazaki, Tetsuro Yamashita, Masao Miyazaki
Domestic cat urine contains large concentrations of the unusual amino acid, felinine (2-amino-7-hydroxy-5,5-dimethyl-4-thiaheptanoic acid). A felinine derivative, 3-mercapt-3-methylbutanol is a potential scent signal for letting other animals know that the scent owners are cats. 3-Methylbutanol-glutathione (MBG) is an upstream precursor of the biosynthetic pathway of felinine that may be produced in hepatocytes by conjugation of glutathione with isopentenyl pyrophosphate, an intermediate for cholesterol biosynthesis...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134339/feline-immudeficiency-virus-subtypes-b-and-a-in-cats-from-s%C3%A3-o-luis-maranh%C3%A3-o-brazil
#20
Nathálya Dos S Martins, Ana Paula de S Rodrigues, Luciana A da Luz, Luana da L Dos Reis, Renata M de Oliveira, Rudson A de Oliveira, Ana Lucia Abreu-Silva, Jenner Karlisson P Dos Reis, Ferdinan A Melo
Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) is a retrovirus of the genus Lentivirus that is distributed worldwide, with prevalence rates varying between 2.5% and 44%. FIV causes immunosuppression, with depletion of TCD4(+) lymphocytes, with the majority of clinical signs caused by secondary and opportunistic infections. Blood samples were collected from nine domestic cats (Felis catus domesticus) from the city of São Luís, Maranhão State, Brazil. All samples were positive in a rapid immunochromatographic test (SNAP® Combo FeLV Ag/FIV Antibody Test) and in a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay...
November 14, 2017: Archives of Virology
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