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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642750/non-pylori-helicobacters-nhphs-induce-shifts-in-gastric-microbiota-in-helicobacter-pylori-infected-patients
#1
Xianhui Peng, Liya Zhou, Yanan Gong, Zhiqiang Song, Lihua He, Sanren Lin, Jianzhong Zhang
To explore the effects of gastric non-H. pylori Helicobacter species(NHPH) on the structure and potential function of gastric microbiota, we employed 16S rRNA gene sequencing on 164 gastric biopsy specimens from NHPH (H. suis, H. felis, H. salomonis) /H. pylori coinfection individuals, H. pylori monoinfection individuals and healthy controls. The results demonstrated that marked structural and functional variations between H. pylori mono- and coinfection samples (HPHS, HPHF, HPHM). The changes in bacterial structure induced by NHPH are mainly attributed to their ability of gastric acid secretion inhibition as well as bacterial chemotaxis...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637681/two-tales-of-cytauxzoon-felis-infections-in-domestic-cats
#2
REVIEW
Jin-Lei Wang, Ting-Ting Li, Guo-Hua Liu, Xing-Quan Zhu, Chaoqun Yao
Cytauxzoonosis is an emerging infectious disease that affects wild felids as well as the domestic cat; it is caused by the apicomplexan protozoan parasites belonging to the genus Cytauxzoon. Cytauxzoonfelis is the species of major concern, whose transmission occurs via the bite of an infected tick. Cytauxzoonosis of the domestic cat has historically been considered uniformly fatal, with a short course of illness, and most domestic cats die within 9 to 15 days postinfection. However, increasing evidence of domestic cats surviving C...
October 2017: Clinical Microbiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633666/molecular-detection-of-vector-borne-pathogens-in-dogs-and-cats-from-qatar
#3
Ana Margarida Alho, Clara Lima, Maria Stefania Latrofa, Vito Colella, Silvia Ravagnan, Gioia Capelli, Luís Madeira de Carvalho, Luís Cardoso, Domenico Otranto
BACKGROUND: Vector-borne diseases (VBDs) have been increasingly reported in dogs and cats worldwide. However, no data are currently available regarding canine and feline VBDs in Qatar and limited information is available from other Persian Gulf countries. METHODS: Blood samples from 98 client-owned animals (i.e. 64 dogs and 34 cats) living in Doha (Qatar) were collected and the presence of genomic DNA of Anaplasma spp., Babesia spp., Dirofilaria spp., Ehrlichia spp...
June 20, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625408/a-contextual-review-of-the-carnivora-of-kanapoi
#4
Lars Werdelin, Margaret E Lewis
The Early Pliocene is a crucial time period in carnivoran evolution. Holarctic carnivoran faunas suffered a turnover event at the Miocene-Pliocene boundary. This event is also observed in Africa but its onset is later and the process more drawn-out. Kanapoi is one of the earliest faunas in Africa to show evidence of a fauna that is more typical Pliocene than Miocene in character. The taxa recovered from Kanapoi are: Torolutra sp., Enhydriodon (2 species), Genetta sp., Helogale sp., Homotherium sp., Dinofelis petteri, Felis sp...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Human Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616481/evidence-of-exposure-to-rickettsia-felis-in-australian-patients
#5
Yen Thon Teoh, Sze Fui Hii, Stephen Graves, Robert Rees, John Stenos, Rebecca J Traub
Rickettsia felis is an emerging zoonosis, causing flea-borne spotted fever (FBSF). Serological diagnosis is typically confounded by cross-reactivity with typhus group rickettsiae and prior to the development of specific serological methods, cases of FBSF in Australia were misdiagnosed. Patient sera tested between August 2010 and December 2013 and known to be seropositive to R. typhi by immunofluorescence antibody testing (IFAT) were subsequently retested against R. felis using an R. felis-specific IFAT. Sera of 49 patients were of a sufficient quality to be included in re-analysis...
December 2016: One Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604602/highly-sensitive-bacteriophage-based-detection-of-brucella-abortus-in-mixed-culture-and-spiked-blood
#6
Kirill V Sergueev, Andrey A Filippov, Mikeljon P Nikolich
For decades, bacteriophages (phages) have been used for Brucella species identification in the diagnosis and epidemiology of brucellosis. Traditional Brucella phage typing is a multi-day procedure including the isolation of a pure culture, a step that can take up to three weeks. In this study, we focused on the use of brucellaphages for sensitive detection of the pathogen in clinical and other complex samples, and developed an indirect method of Brucella detection using real-time quantitative PCR monitoring of brucellaphage DNA amplification via replication on live Brucella cells...
June 10, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603688/novel-piroplasmid-and-hepatozoon-organisms-infecting-the-wildlife-of-two-regions-of-the-brazilian-amazon
#7
Herbert S Soares, Arlei Marcili, Amália R M Barbieri, Antonio H H Minervino, Thiago Rocha Moreira, Solange M Gennari, Marcelo B Labruna
During 2009-2012, wild animals were sampled in two areas within the Amazon biome of Brazil, in the states of Mato Grosso and Pará. Animal tissues and blood were molecularly tested for the presence of Piroplasmida (genera Babesia, Theileria, Cytauxzoon) or Hepatozoon DNA. Overall, 181 wild animals comprising 36 different species (2 reptiles, 5 birds, and 29 mammals) were sampled. The following Piroplasmida agents were detected: Cytauxzoon felis in one ocelot (Leopardus pardalis), Theileria cervi in two red brocket deer (Mazama americana), Theileria spp...
August 2017: International Journal for Parasitology. Parasites and Wildlife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603564/a-study-on-the-microbiological-status-of-mineral-drinking-water
#8
Faria Y Aditi, Shafkat S Rahman, Md M Hossain
INTRODUCTION: Water-borne diseases constitute a major health burden in Bangladesh. The objective of this study was to assess the overall quality of mineral water samples that obtained from different shops of Dhaka city. MATERIAL AND METHODS: To achieve the above-mentioned objective, methods of heterotrophic plate count (HPC) and total coliform count (TCC) were applied. Moreover, isolated colony from mineral water samples were characterized by using biochemical and antimicrobial susceptibility tests...
2017: Open Microbiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601060/endoparasites-of-eurasian-lynx-lynx-lynx-linnaeus-1758-from-an-enclosure-of-western-pomeranian-nature-society-in-jablonowo
#9
Katarzyna J Filip, Aleksander W Demiaszkiewicz
The aim of this study was to describe parasites of three lynx living in an enclosure of Western Pomeranian Nature Society in Jablonowo. During analysis of 3 gram faecal samples eggs of Toxascaris leonina, Toxocara cati, Ancylostoma sp. and oocysts of Cystoisospora felis were found. To our knowledge this is the first report of C. felis infection in lynx from Poland. Presented research show that wild cats in captivity are particularly exposed on parasitic infections and demand regular examination.
2017: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601059/endoparasites-of-eurasian-lynx-lynx-lynx-linnaeus-1758-from-an-enclosure-of-western-pomeranian-nature-society-in-jablonowo
#10
Katarzyna J Filip, Aleksander W Demiaszkiewicz
The aim of this study was to describe parasites of three lynx living in an enclosure of Western Pomeranian Nature Society in Jablonowo. During analysis of 3 gram faecal samples eggs of Toxascaris leonina, Toxocara cati, Ancylostoma sp. and oocysts of Cystoisospora felis were found. To our knowledge this is the first report of C. felis infection in lynx from Poland. Presented research show that wild cats in captivity are particularly exposed on parasitic infections and demand regular examination.
2017: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596397/first-detection-of-avian-lineage-h7n2-in-felis-catus
#11
Sandra P Newbury, Francine Cigel, Mary Lea Killian, Christian M Leutenegger, M Alexis Seguin, Beate Crossley, Robin Brennen, David L Suarez, Mia Torchetti, Kathy Toohey-Kurth
In December 2016, influenza A (H7N2) was first detected among cats in the New York City shelter system with subsequent widespread transmission. The sequence of the first clinical isolate, A/feline/New York/16-040082-1/2016(H7N2), and its genetic similarity to the live bird market lineage of H7N2 low-pathogenicity avian influenza are described.
June 8, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588634/in-silico-identification-of-epitopes-from-house-cat-and-dog-proteins-as-peptide-immunotherapy-candidates-based-on-human-leukocyte-antigen-binding-affinity
#12
H N Tipu, D Ahmed, S A H Gardezi
The objective of this descriptive study was to determine Felis domesticus (cat) and Canis familiaris (dog) protein epitopes that bind strongly to selected HLA class II alleles to identify synthetic vaccine candidate epitopes and to identify individuals/populations who are likely to respond to vaccines. FASTA amino acid sequences of experimentally validated allergenic proteins of house cat and dog were identified using International Union of Immunological Societies (IUIS) allergen nomenclature database. NetMHCII 2...
2017: Iranian journal of veterinary research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576619/three-different-hepatozoon-species-in-domestic-cats-from-southern-italy
#13
Alessio Giannelli, Maria Stefania Latrofa, Yaarit Nachum-Biala, Adnan Hodžić, Grazia Greco, Anna Attanasi, Giada Annoscia, Domenico Otranto, Gad Baneth
Three species of Hepatozoon, namely, Hepatozoon felis, Hepatozoon canis and Hepatozoon silvestris may affect domestic and/or wild felids. Although hepatozoonosis has been documented in a wide range of mammal species, data on cats are limited. To investigate the occurrence of these pathogens in cats, blood samples were collected from animals living in three provinces of southern Italy (Bari, Lecce, and Matera), and molecularly analysed by PCR amplification and sequencing of segments of the 18S rRNA gene. Out of 196 blood samples collected, Hepatozoon spp...
May 24, 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551307/biodiversity-of-species-of-aspergillus-section-fumigati-in-semi-desert-soils-in-argentina
#14
Gustavo E Giusiano, Eduardo Piontelli, Mariana S Fernández, Magdalena L Mangiaterra, María E Cattana, Sándor Kocsubé, János Varga
The distribution of Aspergillus species in soil has been widely studied all over the world. The aim of this study was the phenotypic and genotypic characterization of species Aspergillus belonging to section Fumigati present in soils from two Argentinian semi-desert areas having different geological conditions. Altogether, 23 isolates belonging to Aspergillus section Fumigati were recovered and identified using a polyphasic approach including phenotypic and molecular identifications. Aspergillus fumigatus sensu stricto and Aspergillus fumigatiaffinis had the highest frequency, of occurrence while isolates closely related to Aspergillus udagawae and Aspergillus felis were rarely observed...
May 25, 2017: Revista Argentina de Microbiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548550/felis-catus-papillomavirus-type-2-dna-loads-on-kittens-are-transient-and-do-not-reflect-their-susceptibility-to-infection
#15
Neroli A Thomson, David G Thomas, Karin Weidgraaf, John S Munday
Objectives Felis catus papillomavirus type 2 (FcaPV-2) commonly infects the skin of domestic cats, and mounting evidence suggests that the virus could be involved in a subset of feline skin cancers. The reason why some cats develop FcaPV-2-induced disease and others do not is currently unknown. However, it has been shown that kittens in different litters have markedly different FcaPV-2 DNA loads and the aim of this study was to determine whether these differences could be due to inherent differences in susceptibility to infection...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544240/cell-cycle-synchronization-and-analysis-of-apoptosis-related-gene-in-skin-fibroblasts-from-domestic-cat-felis-silvestris-catus-and-kodkod-leopardus-guigna
#16
D Veraguas, P F Gallegos, F O Castro, L Rodriguez-Alvarez
The kodkod population is in constant decrease and the somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) might help to preserve the genetic pool of this species. The cell cycle synchronization of donor cells plays a crucial role in SCNT. The objective of this research was to evaluate two different methods for quiescence induction, serum starvation (SS) and contact inhibition (CI), both for 1, 3 and 5 days, on skin fibroblast from domestic cat and kodkod. Flow cytometry analysis revealed that in domestic cat, SS and CI, both at 3 and 5 days, increased the percentage of fibroblasts in G0/G1 compared to growing cells (GC) (p < ...
May 22, 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542523/impact-of-maintenance-immunosuppressive-therapy-on-the-fecal-microbiome-of-renal-transplant-recipients-comparison-between-an-everolimus-and-a-standard-tacrolimus-based-regimen
#17
Gianluigi Zaza, Alessandra Dalla Gassa, Giovanna Felis, Simona Granata, Sandra Torriani, Antonio Lupo
BACKGROUND: The gut microbiome is the full set of microbes living in the gastrointestinal tract and is emerging as an important dynamic/fluid system that, if altered by environmental, dietetic or pharmacological factors, could considerably influence drug response. However, the immunosuppressive drug-induced modifications of this system are still poorly defined. METHODS: We employed an innovative bioinformatics approach to assess differences in the whole-gut microbial metagenomic profile of 20 renal transplant recipients undergoing maintenance treatment with two different immunosuppressive protocols...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538849/-epidemiological-and-molecular-profile-of-rickettsiosis-in-peruvian-border-locations
#18
Rosa Palacios-Salvatierra, Elizabeth Anaya-Ramírez, Julio Juscamayta-López, Omar Cáceres-Rey, Leonardo Mendoza-Uribe, Patricia Mosquera-Visaloth, Fátima Conceição-Silva
Objectives.: To determine the circulation of Rickettsia in the years 2010 and 2011 in border locations in four regions ofPeru and their clinical epidemiological and molecular characteristics. Materials and Methods.: A cross-sectional study was carried out in Tumbes, Tacna, Madre de Dios, and Loreto. Whole blood samples were obtained from participants for culture and indirect immunofluorescence (IIF) testing. The DNA taken from leukocytes and ectoparasite cultures was used, and those genes detected for Rickettsia that were successfully amplified were sequenced and analyzed...
January 2017: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525327/in-vitro-fertilizing-potential-of-urethral-and-epididymal-spermatozoa-collected-from-domestic-cats-felis-catus
#19
S Prochowska, W Niżański
The aim of this study was to provide a comparative analysis of in vitro fertilizing potential of frozen-thawed urethral and epididymal feline spermatozoa. Both types of semen were collected from 7 cats and cryopreserved in liquid nitrogen. To perform in vitro fertilization, both urethral and epididymal samples from the same individual were thawed and spermatozoa were co-incubated with in vitro matured cat oocytes. Obtained embryos were cultured in vitro for 7 days in a commercial medium. Cleavage rate, morula rate and blastocyst rate were calculated...
March 28, 2017: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521907/chronic-diseases-in-cats-from-the-medieval-site-of-qalh%C3%A3-t-oman
#20
Hervé Monchot, Claude Guintard
Paleopathological information observed in cats (Felis catus, L. 1758) is rarely described in zooarcheological assemblages. This article is intended to present different bone diseases (infections, degenerative and traumatic lesions) affecting several bones (i.e. femur, hip bone, skull, etc.) of at least two cats from the medieval harbor site of Qalhât (Oman) and to inform us about the health status of these felines.
June 2017: International Journal of Paleopathology
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