keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Felis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049413/microrna-expression-analysis-of-feline-and-canine-parvovirus-infection-in-vivo-felis
#1
Pei Zhou, Xin Zhang, Weijie Zeng, Qingxu Zheng, Xiangqi Hao, Xi Lin, Yun Zheng, Lifang Wang, Guihong Zhang, Shoujun Li
Feline panleukopenia is a common contagious disease with high morbidity and mortality. At present, feline parvovirus (FPV) and canine parvovirus (CPV) variants are the pathogens of feline panleukopenia. Many studies have shown that miRNAs are involved in virus-host interactions. Nevertheless, miRNA expression profiling of FPV (original virus) or CPV-2b (new virus) in cats has not been reported. To investigate these profiles, three 10-week-old cats were orally inoculated with 106 TCID50 of the viruses (FPV and CPV-2b), and the jejunums of one cat in each group were sectioned for miRNA sequencing at 5 days post-inoculation (dpi)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047217/spotted-fever-group-rickettsiae-associated-with-ixodid-ticks-in-wild-environment-in-southern-italy
#2
Donato Antonio Raele, Domenico Galante, Nicola Pugliese, Giovanna La Salandra, Maria Assunta Cafiero
Ixodidae ticks are vectors and reservoirs of several species of rickettsiae, and tick-borne rickettsioses are reported worldwide. This study was aimed to verify the distribution of spotted fever group rickettsiae associated with ticks in a wild environment, the National Park of Gargano, where there is proximity between wild and domestic animals, and which is within an endemic area for rickettsiosis. Ticks were collected from animals or vegetation, morphologically identified and tested by a PCR targeting the 17kDa gene, and by a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) targeting ompB gene...
October 18, 2017: MicrobiologyOpen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045424/cats-and-owners-interact-more-with-each-other-after-a-longer-duration-of-separation
#3
Matilda Eriksson, Linda J Keeling, Therese Rehn
Little is known about the cat's (Felis silvestris catus) need for human contact, although it is generally believed that cats are more independent pets than e.g. dogs. In this study, we investigated the effect of time left alone at home on cat behaviour (e.g. social and distress-related) before, during and after separation from their owner. Fourteen privately owned cats (single-housed) were each subjected to two treatments: the cat was left alone in their home environment for 30 min (T0.5) and for 4 h (T4). There were no differences between treatments in the behaviour of the cat (or owner) before owner departure, nor during the first 5 min of separation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034414/occurrence-and-zoonotic-potential-of-endoparasites-in-cats-of-cyprus-and-a-new-distribution-area-for-troglostrongylus-brevior
#4
Anastasia Diakou, Dimitra Sofroniou, Angela Di Cesare, Panagiotis Kokkinos, Donato Traversa
The present study investigated for the first time the occurrence of pulmonary and intestinal parasites of cats in Cyprus. Cats from five districts of Cyprus (Lefkosia, Lemesos, Larnaka, Pafos and Ammochostos) were examined by classical parasitological methods and the identity of lungworm larvae, whenever present, was confirmed by PCR-coupled sequencing. A total of 185 cats, 48 living exclusively indoors and 137 with outdoor access, were included in the study. Parasites were found in 66 (35.7%) of the examined cats, i...
October 16, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026851/wild-rodent-ectoparasites-collected-from-northwestern-iran
#5
Zabihollah Zarei, Mehdi Mohebali, Zahra Heidari, Eshrat Beigom Kia, Amrollah Azarm, Hasan Bakhshi, Jaber Davoodi, Hamid Hassanpour, Manizhe Roohnavaz, Mahya Khodabakhsh, Zakkyeh Telmadarraiy
BACKGROUND: Rodents play an important role as reservoir of some pathogens, and the host of some ectoparasites as well. These ectoparasites can transmit rodents' pathogens to human or animals. The aim of this study was to assess the distribution and infestation load of ectoparasites on rodents in Meshkin-Shahr District, northwestern Iran. METHODS: Rodents were captured using baited live traps in spring 2014 from Meshkin-Shahr District and were transferred to the laboratory for identification to the species level...
March 2017: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992918/assessing-the-impact-of-different-persuasive-messages-on-the-intentions-and-behaviour-of-cat-owners-a-randomised-control-trial
#6
Lynette J McLeod, Donald W Hine, Andrew J Bengsen, Aaron B Driver
Owners of free-ranging domestic cats (Felis catus) are under increasing pressure to keep their pet contained within their house or yard, in an effort to reduce adverse impacts on cat welfare, ecosystem biodiversity and neighbourhoods. We conducted a randomised online experiment to assess the effectiveness of two persuasive messages to encourage cat owners to contain their pets. A total of 512 Australian cat owners, who currently do not contain their cats, were randomly assigned to view one of three short video messages: one framed to highlight the negative impact of cats' on wildlife and biodiversity ('wildlife protection' frame), one framed to highlight the health and safety benefits of keeping cats contained ('cat benefit' frame), and a control message focused on general information about cats ('neutral' frame)...
October 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989739/prey-selection-and-dietary-flexibility-of-three-species-of-mammalian-predator-during-an-irruption-of-non-cyclic-prey
#7
Emma E Spencer, Thomas M Newsome, Christopher R Dickman
Predators often display dietary shifts in response to fluctuating prey in cyclic systems, but little is known about predator diets in systems that experience non-cyclic prey irruptions. We tracked dietary shifts by feral cats (Felis catus), red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) and dingoes (Canis dingo) through a non-cyclic irruption of small mammalian prey in the Simpson Desert, central Australia. We predicted that all three predators would alter their diets to varying degrees as small mammals declined post irruption, and to test our predictions we live-trapped small mammals through the irruption event and collected scats to track predator diets...
September 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979085/dietary-diversity-on-the-swahili-coast-the-fauna-from-two-zanzibar-trading-locales
#8
M E Prendergast, E M Quintana Morales, A Crowther, M C Horton, N L Boivin
Occupants of coastal and island eastern Africa-now known as the 'Swahili coast'-were involved in long-distance trade with the Indian Ocean world during the later first millennium CE. Such exchanges may be traced via the appearance of non-native animals in the archaeofaunal record; additionally, this record reveals daily culinary practises of the members of trading communities and can thus shed light on subsistence technologies and social organisation. Yet despite the potential contributions of faunal data to Swahili coast archaeology, few detailed zooarchaeological studies have been conducted...
July 2017: Int J Osteoarchaeol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971014/occurrence-of-tongue-worm-linguatula-cf-serrata-pentastomida-linguatulidae-in-wild-canids-and-livestock-in-south-eastern-australia
#9
Shokoofeh Shamsi, Kate McSpadden, Sara Baker, David J Jenkins
Pentastomids are obligate zoonotic arthropod parasites utilising canids and vulpids as their definitive hosts and several herbivorous species as their intermediate hosts. Reported only 10 times in Australia over the last 150 years as incidental findings, adult Pentastomids referred to as Linguatula serrata have been encountered in nasal cavities of domestic and wild dogs, and foxes. Nymphs have been reported in cattle and rabbits. In the present study, a number of potential definitive hosts, including red foxes (Vulpes vulpes), wild dogs (Canis lupus dingo and C...
December 2017: International Journal for Parasitology. Parasites and Wildlife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969827/pathogens-in-ectoparasites-from-free-ranging-animals-infection-with-rickettsia-asembonensis-in-ticks-and-a-potentially-new-species-of-dipylidium-in-fleas-and-lice
#10
Van Lun Low, Batah Kunalan Prakash, Tiong Kai Tan, Mohd Sofian-Azirun, Fasihah Hanani Khairul Anwar, Wei Yin Vinnie-Siow, Sazaly AbuBakar
Vector-borne infections are persistent public health threats worldwide. In recent years, a number of mosquito-borne viruses have emerged or re-emerged to cause major disease outbreaks. Other vector-borne pathogens, however, remain understudied and much neglected especially in the developing regions of the world including Southeast Asia. In this study, the brown dog tick Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato, cat louse Felicola subrostratus, and cat fleas Ctenocephalides felis and Ctenocephalides orientis collected from free-ranging cats and dogs in Malaysia were molecularly screened for the presence of Bartonella and Rickettsia bacteria, and Dipylidium tapeworm...
October 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957585/identification-and-characterization-of-bacterial-symbionts-in-three-species-of-filth-fly-parasitoids
#11
Kfir Betelman, Ayelet Caspi-Fluger, Maayan Shamir, Elad Chiel
Facultative bacterial symbionts are widespread among insects and have diverse effects on their biology. Here, we focused on bacterial symbionts of three ecologically and economically important filth flies parasitoid species-Spalangia cameroni, Spalangia endius and Muscidifurax raptor. Both Spalangia species harbored a Sodalis bacterium that is closely related to Spalangia praecaptivus (a free-living bacterium) and to Sodalis symbionts of weevils. This is the only case of Sodalis infection in the important order Hymenoptera...
September 1, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955478/molecular-prevalence-of-cryptosporidium-species-among-household-cats-and-pet-shop-kittens-in-japan
#12
Yoichi Ito, Naoyuki Itoh, Yuko Iijima, Yuya Kimura
OBJECTIVES: To address the lack of up-to-date published data, the present study evaluates the PCR-based prevalence of Cryptosporidium species infection and molecular characteristics of isolates among household cats and pet shop kittens in Japan. METHODS: A total of 357 and 329 fresh faecal samples were collected from household cats and pet shop kittens, respectively, with or without clinical signs of infection. A nested PCR assay targeting the 18S rRNA gene was employed for the detection of Cryptosporidium species...
July 2017: JFMS open reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948904/a-study-of-multiple-felis-catus-papillomavirus-types-1-2-3-4-in-cat-skin-lesions-in-italy-by-quantitative-pcr
#13
Maurizio Mazzei, Mario Forzan, Vito Carlucci, Antonio G Anfossi, Alberto Alberti, Francesco Albanese, Diana Binanti, Francesca Millanta, Lisa Baroncini, Andrea Pirone, Francesca Abramo
Objectives The aim of the study was to investigate, by quantitative PCR (qPCR) the presence of papillomavirus in feline viral plaques (VPs), Bowenoid in situ carcinoma (BISC), squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and actinic keratosis (AK). Methods Twenty-nine cases with previously established diagnoses of feline VPs, BISC, invasive SCC and AK were selected from a dermatopathological database. A critical re-evaluation of diagnosis was performed by defining clear criteria toward carcinomatous vs non-carcinomatous, in situ vs invasive (if carcinomatous) and viral vs actinic...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927433/modelling-the-current-distribution-and-predicted-spread-of-the-flea-species-ctenocephalides-felis-infesting-outdoor-dogs-in-spain
#14
Rosa Gálvez, Vicenzo Musella, Miguel A Descalzo, Ana Montoya, Rocío Checa, Valentina Marino, Oihane Martín, Giuseppe Cringoli, Laura Rinaldi, Guadalupe Miró
BACKGROUND: The cat flea, Ctenocephalides felis, is the most prevalent flea species detected on dogs and cats in Europe and other world regions. The status of flea infestation today is an evident public health concern because of their cosmopolitan distribution and the flea-borne diseases transmission. This study determines the spatial distribution of the cat flea C. felis infesting dogs in Spain. Using geospatial tools, models were constructed based on entomological data collected from dogs during the period 2013-2015...
September 19, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927427/first-molecular-detection-and-characterization-of-zoonotic-bartonella-species-in-fleas-infesting-domestic-animals-in-tunisia
#15
Saba Zouari, Fatma Khrouf, Youmna M'ghirbi, Ali Bouattour
BACKGROUND: Bartonellosis is an emerging vector-borne disease caused by different intracellular bacteria of the genus Bartonella (Rhizobiales: Bartonellaceae) that is transmitted primarily by blood-sucking arthropods such as sandflies, ticks and fleas. In Tunisia, there are no data available identifying the vectors of Bartonella spp. In our research, we used molecular methods to detect and characterize Bartonella species circulating in fleas collected from domestic animals in several of the country's bioclimatic areas...
September 19, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920778/first-report-of-trypanosoma-evansi-infection-surra-in-a-puma-felis-concolor-of-lahore-zoo-pakistan
#16
Imran Rashid, Haroon Akbar, Mohamed Gharbi, Farooq Riaz, Saher Islam, Muhammad Baber Saleem, Sammuel Shahzad, Wasim Shehzad, Mariem Rouatbi, Kamran Ashraf
The blood protozoan Trypanosoma evansi, which is transmitted by biting flies, is frequently neglected due to subclinical infections. This report describes a case of trypanosomiasis due to T. evansi in a 9-yr-old male puma (Felis concolor) housed at the Lahore Zoo in Pakistan. Early in January 2015, this male puma presented with chronic lethargy, weight loss, incoordination, hyperthermia, anorexia, sunken eyes, and unthriftiness. Microscopic examination of Giemsa-stained blood smears showed numerous Trypanosoma parasites...
September 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917305/genetic-variability-of-cloned-cytauxzoon-felis-ribosomal-rna-its1-and-its2-genomic-regions-from-domestic-cats-with-varied-clinical-outcomes-from-five-states
#17
Dana A Pollard, Mason V Reichard, Leah A Cohn, Andrea M James, Patricia J Holman
Cytauxzoon felis is a tick-borne hemoparasite that causes cytauxzoonosis in domestic cats in the United States. Historically, feline cytauxzoonosis was reported to be nearly always fatal. However, increasing evidence of cats surviving acute infection and/or harboring a chronic, subclinical infection has suggested the existence of different C. felis strains that may vary in pathogenicity. In this study, the intraspecific variation of the C. felis first and second ribosomal RNA internal transcribed spacer (ITS1, ITS2) regions was assessed for any clinical outcome or geographic associations...
September 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915926/antimicrobial-resistance-patterns-of-staphylococcus-species-isolated-from-cats-presented-at-a-veterinary-academic-hospital-in-south-africa
#18
Daniel Nenene Qekwana, Dikeledi Sebola, James Wabwire Oguttu, Agricola Odoi
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance is becoming increasingly important in both human and veterinary medicine. This study investigated the proportion of antimicrobial resistant samples and resistance patterns of Staphylococcus isolates from cats presented at a veterinary teaching hospital in South Africa. Records of 216 samples from cats that were submitted to the bacteriology laboratory of the University of Pretoria academic veterinary hospital between 2007 and 2012 were evaluated. Isolates were subjected to antimicrobial susceptibility testing against a panel of 15 drugs using the disc diffusion method...
September 15, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912017/indoleamine-2-3-dioxygenase-1-increased-in-human-gastric-pre-neoplasia-promotes-inflammation-and-metaplasia-in-mice-and-is-associated-with-type-ii-hypersensitivity-autoimmunity
#19
Mohamad El-Zaatari, Adam J Bass, Reanne Bowlby, Min Zhang, Li-Jyun Syu, Yitian Yang, Helmut Grasberger, Andrew Shreiner, Bei Tan, Shrinivas Bishu, Wai K Leung, Andrea Todisco, Nobuhiko Kamada, Marilia Cascalho, Andrzej A Dlugosz, John Y Kao
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Chronic gastrointestinal inflammation increases the risk of cancer by mechanisms that are not well understood. Indoleamine-2,3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO1) is a heme-binding enzyme that regulates the immune response via catabolization and regulation of tryptophan availability for immune cell uptake. IDO1 expression is increased during the transition from chronic inflammation to gastric metaplasia. We investigated whether IDO1 contributes to the inflammatory response that mediates loss of parietal cells leading to metaplasia...
September 11, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902958/nonregenerative-immune-mediated-anemia-associated-with-a-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-in-a-captive-jaguar-panthera-onca
#20
Monika A Keresztes, Manfred Henrich, Penelope Baloi, Sascha Gerst, Jens-Christian Rudnick, Judith Langenstein, Andreas Moritz, Natali Bauer
An 18-year-old male castrated jaguar (Panthera onca) was presented with anorexia and continuous bleeding from the oral cavity after a history of fighting with the partner animal. Clinical evaluation revealed ulcerating lesions on the gingiva and hard palate and a hematoma on the tongue. Computed tomography of the head and endoscopic examination of the esophagus and stomach were unremarkable. Hematology and clinical chemistry revealed severe nonregenerative anemia, mild thrombocytopenia, and moderate azotemia...
September 13, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
keyword
keyword
44400
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"