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Tamara Pečenková, Roman Pleskot, Viktor Žárský
The Arabidopsisthaliana pathogenesis-related 1 (PR1) is an important defense protein, so far it has only been detected in extracellular space and its subcellular sorting and transport remain unexplained. Using a green fluorescent protein (GFP) tagged full length, as well as a C-terminus truncated version of PR1, we observed that when expressed ectopically in Nicotiana benthamiana leaves, PR1 co-localizes only partially with Golgi markers, and much more prominently with the late endosome (LE)/multivesicular body (MVB) FYVE marker...
April 13, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Sanaa Eissa, Marwa Matboli, Nahla Awad, Yousif Kotb
We sought to identify and validate a novel urinary autophagy transcript signature in patients with bladder cancer and evaluate its clinical utility. We performed an initial screening for seven autophagy transcript-based panel (autophagy-related protein 12 (ATG12); WD repeat domain, phosphoinositide interacting 2 (WIPI2); FYVE and coiled-coil domain-containing protein 1 (FYCO1); microtubule-associated protein light chain (MAPLC3); RB1-inducible coiled-coil 1 (RB1CC1); tachylectin-II-like beta-propeller domain 1 (TECPR1); and Unc-51-like kinase (ULK1)) that was identified based on bioinformatics analysis followed by SYBR Green-based polymerase chain reaction array validation in paired tissue and urine samples...
April 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Shunya Sakurai, Taisuke Tomita, Toshiyuki Shimizu, Umeharu Ohto
FYVE and coiled-coil domain-containing protein 1 (FYCO1), a multidomain autophagy adaptor protein, mediates microtubule plus-end-directed autophagosome transport by interacting with kinesin motor proteins and with the autophagosomal membrane components microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3), Rab7 and phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate (PI3P). To establish the structural basis for the recognition of FYCO1 by LC3, the crystal structure of mouse LC3B in complex with the FYCO1 LC3-interacting region (LIR) motif peptide was determined...
March 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section F, Structural Biology Communications
F Fassy, C Dureuil, A Lamberton, M Mathieu, N Michot, B Ronan, B Pasquier
VPS34 is a class III phosphoinositide 3-kinase that acts on vesicle trafficking. This kinase has recently attracted significant attention because of the function it plays in the machinery involved in the early steps of autophagy. Moreover, because significant progress had been made in the optimization of specific kinase inhibitors, its potential to be targeted by catalytic inhibitors has been investigated by different groups. The aim of this review is to present the key in vitro assays necessary for characterizing inhibitors of the catalytic activity of VPS34...
2017: Methods in Enzymology
S M S Yakhine-Diop, G Martínez-Chacón, R A González-Polo, J M Fuentes, M Niso-Santano
Autophagy is the major cellular process of degradation and is modulated by several signaling pathways. Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PtdIns3K) class III (Vps34) and PtdIns3K class I regulate the autophagy pathway positively and negatively, respectively. Both classes of PtdIns3K participate in the synthesis of phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate (PtdIns3P), which plays a crucial role in autophagosome biogenesis and membrane traffic. PtdIns3P is a membrane phospholipid that is associated with endogenous FYVE domain-containing proteins...
2017: Methods in Enzymology
Tuo-Xian Tang, Ami Jo, Jingren Deng, Jeffrey F Ellena, Iulia M Lazar, Richey M Davis, Daniel G S Capelluto
Phafin2 is a phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate (PtdIns(3)P) binding protein involved in the regulation of endosomal cargo trafficking and lysosomal induction of autophagy. Binding of Phafin2 to PtdIns(3)P is mediated by both its PH and FYVE domains. However, there are no studies on the structural basis, conformational stability, and lipid interactions of Phafin2 to better understand how this protein participates in signaling at the surface of endomembrane compartments. Here, we show that human Phafin2 is a moderately elongated monomer of ∼28 kDa with an intensity-average hydrodynamic diameter of ∼7 nm...
April 2017: Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society
Meiwan Cao, Yayoi Shikama, Hideo Kimura, Hideyoshi Noji, Kazuhiko Ikeda, Tomoyuki Ono, Kazuei Ogawa, Yasuchika Takeishi, Junko Kimura
In myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), functional defects of neutrophils result in high mortality because of infections; however, the molecular basis remains unclear. We recently found that miR-34a and miR-155 were significantly increased in MDS neutrophils. To clarify the effects of the aberrant microRNA expression on neutrophil functions, we introduced miR-34a, miR-155, or control microRNA into neutrophil-like differentiated HL60 cells. Ectopically introduced miR-34a and miR-155 significantly attenuated migration toward chemoattractants fMLF and IL-8, but enhanced degranulation...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Jolyn E Gisselberg, Lichao Zhang, Joshua E Elias, Ellen Yeh
Plasmodium parasites contain several unique membrane compartments in which prenylated proteins may play important roles in pathogenesis. Protein prenylation has also been proposed as an antimalarial drug target because farnesyltransferase inhibitors cause potent growth inhibition of blood-stage Plasmodium However, the specific prenylated proteins that mediate antimalarial activity have yet to be identified. Given the potential for new parasite biology and elucidating drug mechanism-of-action, we performed a large-scale identification of the prenylated proteome in blood-stage P...
April 2017: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
Alexandra Stolz, Mateusz Putyrski, Ivana Kutle, Jessica Huber, Chunxin Wang, Viktória Major, Sachdev S Sidhu, Richard J Youle, Vladimir V Rogov, Volker Dötsch, Andreas Ernst, Ivan Dikic
Autophagy is a cellular surveillance pathway that balances metabolic and energy resources and transports specific cargos, including damaged mitochondria, other broken organelles, or pathogens for degradation to the lysosome. Central components of autophagosomal biogenesis are six members of the LC3 and GABARAP family of ubiquitin-like proteins (mATG8s). We used phage display to isolate peptides that possess bona fide LIR (LC3-interacting region) properties and are selective for individual mATG8 isoforms. Sensitivity of the developed sensors was optimized by multiplication, charge distribution, and fusion with a membrane recruitment (FYVE) or an oligomerization (PB1) domain...
December 27, 2016: EMBO Journal
Joanna M Dragich, Takaaki Kuwajima, Megumi Hirose-Ikeda, Michael S Yoon, Evelien Eenjes, Joan R Bosco, Leora M Fox, Alf H Lystad, Tinmarla F Oo, Olga Yarygina, Tomohiro Mita, Satoshi Waguri, Yoshinobu Ichimura, Masaaki Komatsu, Anne Simonsen, Robert E Burke, Carol A Mason, Ai Yamamoto
The regulation of protein degradation is essential for maintaining the appropriate environment to coordinate complex cell signaling events and to promote cellular remodeling. The Autophagy linked FYVE protein (Alfy), previously identified as a molecular scaffold between the ubiquitinated cargo and the autophagic machinery, is highly expressed in the developing central nervous system, indicating that this pathway may have yet unexplored roles in neurodevelopment. To examine this possibility, we used mouse genetics to eliminate Alfy expression...
September 20, 2016: ELife
Dandan Zang, Hongyan Li, Hongyun Xu, Wenhui Zhang, Yiming Zhang, Xinxin Shi, Yucheng Wang
Plant zinc finger proteins (ZFPs) comprise a large protein family and they are mainly involved in abiotic stress tolerance. Although Arabidopsis RING/FYVE/PHD ZFP At5g62460 (AtRZFP) is found to bind to zinc, whether it is involved in abiotic stress tolerance is still unknown. In the present study, we characterized the roles of AtRZFP in response to abiotic stresses. The expression of AtRZFP was induced significantly by salt and osmotic stress. AtRZFP positively mediates tolerance to salt and osmotic stress...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
Nishant Mohan, Yi Shen, Milos Dokmanovic, Yukinori Endo, Dianne S Hirsch, Wen Jin Wu
VPS34 is reported to activate S6K1 and is implicated in regulating cell growth, the mechanisms of which remain elusive. Here, we describe novel mechanisms by which VPS34 upregulates mTOR/S6K1 activity via downregulating TSC2 protein and activating RheB activity. Specifically, upregulation of VPS34 lipid kinase increases local production of ptdins(3)p in the plasma membrane, which recruits PIKFYVE, a FYVE domain containing protein, to ptdins(3)p enriched regions of the plasma membrane, where VPS34 forms a protein complex with PIKFYVE and TSC1...
August 9, 2016: Oncotarget
Alf Håkon Lystad, Anne Simonsen
Phosphoinositides represent a very small fraction of membrane phospholipids, having fast turnover rates and unique subcellular distributions, which make them perfect for initiating local temporal effects. Seven different phosphoinositide species are generated through reversible phosphorylation of the inositol ring of phosphatidylinositol (PtdIns). The negative charge generated by the phosphates provides specificity for interaction with various protein domains that commonly contain a cluster of basic residues...
August 2016: FEBS Letters
Dennis J Wu, Ran Gu, Ritu Sarin, Regina Zavodovskaya, Chia-Pei Chen, Blaine A Christiansen, Iannis E Adamopoulos
Recently, autophagy-related proteins were shown to regulate osteoclast mediated bone resorption, a critical process in autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis. However, the role of autophagy-linked FYVE containing protein, WDFY3, in osteoclast biology remains elusive. WDFY3 is a master regulator in selective autophagy for clearing ubiquitinated protein aggregates and has been linked with rheumatoid arthritis. Herein, we used a series of WDFY3 transgenic mice (Wdfy3(lacZ) and Wdfy3(loxP)) to investigate the function of WDFY3 in osteoclast development and function...
September 2016: Journal of Autoimmunity
Xiaofang Cheng, Yingli Wang, Yukang Gong, Faxiang Li, Yujiao Guo, Shichen Hu, Jianping Liu, Lifeng Pan
FYCO1 (FYVE and coiled-coil domain containing 1) functions as an autophagy adaptor in directly linking autophagosomes with the microtubule-based kinesin motor, and plays an essential role in the microtubule plus end-directed transport of autophagic vesicles. The specific association of FYCO1 with autophagosomes is mediated by its interaction with Atg8-family proteins decorated on the outer surface of autophagosome. However, the mechanistic basis governing the interaction between FYCO1 and Atg8-family proteins is largely unknown...
August 2, 2016: Autophagy
Samikshan Dutta, Sohini Roy, Navatha S Polavaram, Gustavo B Baretton, Michael H Muders, Surinder Batra, Kaustubh Datta
Neuropilins (NRPs) are cell surface glycoproteins that often act as co-receptors for plexins and VEGF family receptors. Neuropilin-2 (NRP2), a family member of NRPs, was shown to regulate autophagy and endocytic trafficking in cancer cells, a function distinctly different from its role as a co-receptor. WD Repeat and FYVE domain containing 1 (WDFY1)-protein acts downstream of NRP2 for this function. Our results indicated that NRP2 maintains an optimum concentration of WDFY1 by negatively regulating its expression...
March 30, 2016: Scientific Reports
Sarah J Holdsworth-Carson, Jenny N Fung, Hien T T Luong, Yadav Sapkota, Lisa M Bowdler, Leanne Wallace, Wan Tinn Teh, Joseph E Powell, Jane E Girling, Martin Healey, Grant W Montgomery, Peter A W Rogers
STUDY QUESTION: Do endometriosis risk-associated single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) found at the 12q22 locus have effects on vezatin ( ITALIC! VEZT) expression? SUMMARY ANSWER: The original genome-wide association study (GWAS) SNP (rs10859871), and other newly identified association signals, demonstrate strong evidence for ITALIC! cis-expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL) effects on ITALIC! VEZT expression. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: GWAS have identified several disease-risk loci (SNPs) associated with endometriosis...
May 2016: Human Reproduction
Qiurong Xie, Ahai Chen, Wenhui Zheng, Huaijian Xu, Wenjie Shang, Huawei Zheng, Dongmei Zhang, Jie Zhou, Guodong Lu, Guangpu Li, Zonghua Wang
Fusarium graminearum is an important plant pathogen that causes head blight of major cereal crops. The vacuolar protein sorting (Vps) protein Vps27 is a component of ESCRT-0 involved in the multivesicular body (MVB) sorting pathway during endocytosis. In this study, we investigated the function of FgVps27 using a gene replacement strategy. The FgVPS27 deletion mutant (ΔFgvps27) exhibited a reduction in growth rate, aerial hyphae formation and hydrophobicity. It also showed increased sensitivity to cell wall-damaging agents and to osmotic stresses...
November 2016: Environmental Microbiology
Neema Yazdani, Clarissa C Parker, Ying Shen, Eric R Reed, Michael A Guido, Loren A Kole, Stacey L Kirkpatrick, Jackie E Lim, Greta Sokoloff, Riyan Cheng, W Evan Johnson, Abraham A Palmer, Camron D Bryant
Psychostimulant addiction is a heritable substance use disorder; however its genetic basis is almost entirely unknown. Quantitative trait locus (QTL) mapping in mice offers a complementary approach to human genome-wide association studies and can facilitate environment control, statistical power, novel gene discovery, and neurobiological mechanisms. We used interval-specific congenic mouse lines carrying various segments of chromosome 11 from the DBA/2J strain on an isogenic C57BL/6J background to positionally clone a 206 kb QTL (50,185,512-50,391,845 bp) that was causally associated with a reduction in the locomotor stimulant response to methamphetamine (2 mg/kg, i...
December 2015: PLoS Genetics
Samikshan Dutta, Sohini Roy, Navatha S Polavaram, Marissa J Stanton, Heyu Zhang, Tanvi Bhola, Pia Hönscheid, Terrence M Donohue, Hamid Band, Surinder K Batra, Michael H Muders, Kaustubh Datta
Neuropilin-2 (NRP2) is a non-tyrosine kinase receptor frequently overexpressed in various malignancies, where it has been implicated in promoting many protumorigenic behaviors, such as imparting therapeutic resistance to metastatic cancer cells. Here, we report a novel function of NRP2 as a regulator of endocytosis, which is enhanced in cancer cells and is often associated with increased metastatic potential and drug resistance. We found that NRP2 depletion in human prostate and pancreatic cancer cells resulted in the accumulation of EEA1/Rab5-positive early endosomes concomitant with a decrease in Rab7-positive late endosomes, suggesting a delay in early-to-late endosome maturation...
January 15, 2016: Cancer Research
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