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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622497/ebola-virus-persistence-in-ocular-tissues-and-fluids-evict-study-reverse-transcription-polymerase-chain-reaction-and-cataract-surgery-outcomes-of-ebola-survivors-in-sierra-leone
#1
Jessica G Shantha, John G Mattia, Augustine Goba, Kayla G Barnes, Faiqa K Ebrahim, Colleen S Kraft, Brent R Hayek, Jessica N Hartnett, Jeffrey G Shaffer, John S Schieffelin, John D Sandi, Mambu Momoh, Simbirie Jalloh, Donald S Grant, Kerry Dierberg, Joyce Chang, Sharmistha Mishra, Adrienne K Chan, Rob Fowler, Tim O'Dempsey, Erick Kaluma, Taylor Hendricks, Roger Reiners, Melanie Reiners, Lowell A Gess, Kwame ONeill, Sarian Kamara, Alie Wurie, Mohamed Mansaray, Nisha R Acharya, William J Liu, Sina Bavari, Gustavo Palacios, Moges Teshome, Ian Crozier, Paul E Farmer, Timothy M Uyeki, Daniel G Bausch, Robert F Garry, Matthew J Vandy, Steven Yeh
BACKGROUND: Ebola virus disease (EVD) survivors are at risk for uveitis during convalescence. Vision loss has been observed following uveitis due to cataracts. Since Ebola virus (EBOV) may persist in the ocular fluid of EVD survivors for an unknown duration, there are questions about the safety and feasibility of vision restorative cataract surgery in EVD survivors. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of EVD survivors anticipating cataract surgery and patients with active uveitis to evaluate EBOV RNA persistence in ocular fluid, as well as vision outcomes post cataract surgery...
March 23, 2018: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616154/higher-order-aberrations-following-hyperopia-treatment-small-incision-lenticule-extraction-laser-assisted-in-situ-keratomileusis-and-lenticule-implantation
#2
Yu-Chi Liu, Jiaxin Wen, Ericia Pei Wen Teo, Geraint P Williams, Nyein Chan Lwin, Jodhbir S Mehta
Purpose: To compare the postoperative higher-order-aberrations (HOAs) after hyperopic small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE), hyperopic laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis ( LASIK), and lenticule implantation for correction of hyperopia. Methods: Eighteen monkeys were divided to six groups: +2.00 D and +4.00 D hyperopic SMILE, +2.00 D and +4.00 D hyperopic LASIK ( n = 6 eyes for each), and lenticule implantation with a -2.00 D and -4.00 D lenticule ( n = 3 eyes for each)...
April 2018: Translational Vision Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610851/refractive-correction-and-biomechanical-strength-following-smile-with-a-110-or-160-%C3%AE-m-cap-thickness-evaluated-ex-vivo-by-inflation-test
#3
Iben Bach Damgaard, Anders Ivarsen, Jesper Hjortdal
Purpose: To examine the refractive correction and corneal biomechanical strength after small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) by using a 110- or 160-μm cap thickness. Methods: Thirty-two human donor corneas were allocated into 4 groups, combining one of two cap thicknesses (110 and 160 μm) with one of two spherical corrections (-4 D and -8 D). Each cornea was mounted on an artificial anterior chamber. The chamber pressure was adjusted by an attached 8% dextran media column...
April 1, 2018: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600828/an-electrical-plasma-dissection-tool-for-surgical-treatment-of-chronic-ulcers-results-of-a-prospective-randomised-trial
#4
Giovanni F Marangi, Tiziano Pallara, Daniela Lamberti, Eleonora Perrella, Raffaele Serra, Francesco Stilo, Giovanni De Caridi, Andrea Onetti Muda, Paolo Persichetti
Cutaneous ulceration is a difficult medical problem and a major source of morbidity for patients. In the surgical treatment of ulcers, debridement is the first step, and it can be carried out using several surgical tools. Recently, new surgical devices have emerged using plasma-mediated electrical discharges with a lower peak temperature. A prospective single-blind trial was conducted on chronic ulcers not responsive to common non-surgical management. Patients were randomly separated into 2 groups: Group A received surgical debridement with conventional electrocautery, and Group B received surgical debridement using the plasma-mediated device...
March 30, 2018: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600180/cap-morphology-after-small-incision-lenticule-extraction-and-its-effects-on-intraocular-scattering
#5
Dan Fu, Lin Wang, Xing-Tao Zhou, Zhi-Qiang Yu
AIM: To investigate cap morphology after small-incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) and its effects on intraocular scattering. METHODS: Sixty-five eyes of 33 patients undergoing SMILE were enrolled. In addition to regular evaluation, Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography was used to investigate cap thickness at 1d, 1wk, 1 and 3mo postoperatively. The optical quality including modulation transfer function cutoff frequency, Strehl ratio, Optical Quality Analysis System (OQAS) values, and objective scattering index (OSI), were evaluated using OQAS™...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590157/hyperopic-refractive-correction-by-lasik-smile-or-lenticule-reimplantation-in-a-non-human-primate-model
#6
Geraint P Williams, Benjamin Wu, Yu Chi Liu, Ericia Teo, Chan L Nyein, Gary Peh, Donald T Tan, Jodhbir S Mehta
Hyperopia is a common refractive error, apparent in 25% of Europeans. Treatments include spectacles, contact lenses, laser interventions and surgery including implantable contact lenses and lens extraction. Laser treatment offers an expedient and reliable means of correcting ametropia. LASIK is well-established however SMILE (small-incision lenticule extraction) or lenticule implantation (derived from myopic laser-correction) are newer options. In this study we compared the outcomes of hyperopic LASIK, SMILE and lenticule re-implantation in a primate model at +2D/+4D treatment...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588058/-manual-small-incision-cataract-surgery-experience-of-a-regional-eye-care-service-in-togo
#7
K B Nonon Saa
In order to fight against blindness in the central region of Togo, a project was implemented in a partnership between the Ministry of Health and an international Non-Governmental Organization: the Swiss Red Cross. Cataract surgery underwent an annual audit of the research-action type, in order to improve the functional results of patients. One of the recommendations of these audits was the introduction of manual small incision surgery in place of the classic extracapsular technique. This study had for its objective to evaluate the functional results and follow-up of patients undergoing the new technique compared with quality standards of cataract surgery according to the World Health Organization...
March 24, 2018: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578176/applications-of-nerve-stimulator-guided-thoracic-paravertebral-nerve-block-plus-general-anesthesia-in-small-incision-lung-cancer-surgery
#8
Pengfei Lei, Shan Gao, Peishan Wang, Jiefang Fan, Xiting Ai
Objective: The aim of the study was to investigate the application of nerve stimulator-guided thoracic paravertebral nerve block (TPVB) plus general anesthesia (GA) in small-incision lung cancer surgery. Methods: Forty patients scheduled for small-incision lung cancer surgery, the American Society of Anesthesiologists Grade I-II, were randomized into a TPVB-GA group (Group P) and a GA group (Group G), with 20 cases in each group. The dosage of general anesthetic, mean arterial pressure (MAP) at each time point, and heart rate (HR) of the two groups were recorded...
2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554827/one-stage-operation-for-superficialization-of-native-radio-cephalic-fistula-in-obese-patients
#9
Takao Okawa, Masaaki Murakami, Ryo Yamada, Satoshi Tanaka, Kiyoshi Mori, Noriko Mori
PURPOSE: The population of obese patients is increasing in general and also at hemodialysis initiation. For successful cannulation of arteriovenous fistula, the National Kidney Foundation-Dialysis Outcome Quality Initiative guidelines suggest that the required maturation parameters are at a depth of <6 mm. There are several reports describing two-stage superficialization of arteriovenous fistulas in obese cases. Therefore, we investigated the utility and complications of one-stage superficialization of radio-cephalic fistula...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548524/clinical-features-of-nasal-and-sinonasal-inverted-papilloma-associated-with-malignancy
#10
Takuya Miyazaki, Yasuharu Haku, Akira Yoshizawa, Ken Iwanaga, Takashi Fujiwara, Masanobu Mizuta, Atsuhiro Yoshida, Shinichi Satou, Hisanobu Tamaki
OBJECTIVE: Nasal and sinonasal inverted papilloma (IP) are rare benign tumors and have the potential to exhibit malignancy in approximately 10% of cases. This study aimed to analyze the clinical features of IP associated with malignancy. Furthermore, we reviewed our therapeutic strategy and the clinical course of malignant IP. METHODS: Overall, 70 patients with IP at our institution were retrospectively analyzed from April 2006 to December 2015; of these, six (9%) had associated malignancy...
March 13, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457355/visceral-obesity-is-a-significant-risk-factor-for-incisional-hernia-after-laparoscopic-colorectal-surgery-a-single-center-review
#11
Masateru Yamamoto, Yuji Takakura, Satoshi Ikeda, Toshiyuki Itamoto, Takashi Urushihara, Hiroyuki Egi
INTRODUCTION: Although laparoscopic surgery uses relatively small incisions, incisional hernia after surgery is not uncommon. However, the incidence of incisional hernia and its risk factors are not well known. The purpose of our study was to investigate risk factors for incisional hernia after laparoscopic colorectal cancer surgery. METHODS: The study group consisted of 212 patients who underwent laparoscopic colorectal cancer surgery at Hiroshima Prefectural Hospital between November 2008 and October 2013...
February 19, 2018: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455497/-clinical-research-of-treating-the-avulsed-fracture-of-humerus-greater-tuberosity-using-an-arthroscopic-double-row-suture-anchor-fixation-technique
#12
Ji Li, Wei-Xiong Liao, Hao Zhang, Yi-Meng Yang, Ke-Tao Wang, Zhong-Li Li
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the early clinical effects of treating the avulsed fracture of humerus greater tuberosity using the double-row suture anchor fixation technique. METHODS: Total 20 patients with the avulsed fracture of the greater tuberosity of the humerus were treated from September 2009 to January 2013. There were 12 males and 7 females, with an average age of 46.8 years old(24 to 69 years old). Eleven patients had injuries on right shoulder joint and 8 patients had injuries on left side...
August 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445598/small-incisions-major-complications-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-management-of-intraoperative-complications
#13
William Grossi, Gianluca Masullo, Francesco Londero, Angelo Morelli
The object of our study is to show the causes leading to conversion, in order to observe the responsible variables and analyses if conversion influences the patient's outcome. Between January 2013 and December 2016, Udine Thoracic Department performed 180 video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomies, and 24 cases were converted to thoracotomy due to an intra-operative complication such as arterial or venous bleeding, airway and other injuries. The VATS lobectomies' number increased over the three years: from 27 in 2013 to 55 in 2015 and 48 in 2016...
2018: Journal of Visualized Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154236/risk-factors-of-pancreatitis-after-endoscopic-sphincterotomy-review-of-literature-and-practical-remarks-based-on-approximately-10-000-ercps
#14
REVIEW
Andrzej Jamry
Post-endoscopic pancreatitis (PEP) is the most common complication of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). Depending on the presence of risk factors, PEP can occur in 4,1% to about 43% of patients. According to the European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE) guidelines, only three to patient-associated risk factors have been identified: suspected sphincter of Oddi dysfunction (SOD) (OR 4.09), female gender (OR 2.23), and previous pancreatitis (OR 2.46). Another three procedure-associated factors include cannulation attempt duration &gt; 10 minutes (OR 1...
October 31, 2017: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27299918/septotomy-and-balloon-dilation-to-treat-chronic-leak-after-sleeve-gastrectomy-technical-principles
#15
Josemberg Marins Campos, Flávio Coelho Ferreira, André F Teixeira, Jones Silva Lima, Rena C Moon, Marco Aurélio D'Assunção, Manoel Galvão Neto
BACKGROUND: Chronic leaks after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) are often difficult to treat by endoscopy metallic stent. Septotomy has been indicated as an effective procedure, but the technical aspects have not been detailed in previous publications (Campos JM, Siqueira LT, Ferraz AA, et al., J Am Coll Surg 204(4):711, 2007; Baretta G, Campos J, Correia S, et al., Surg Endosc 29(7):1714-20, 2015; Campos JM, Pereira EF, Evangelista LF, et al., Obes Surg 21(10):1520-9, 2011). We herein present a video (6 min) demonstrating the maneuver principles of this technique, showing it as a safe and feasible approach...
August 2016: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26226471/comparison-of-corneal-biomechanical-characteristics-after-surface-ablation-refractive-surgery-and-novel-lamellar-refractive-surgery
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Rui Dou, Yan Wang, Lulu Xu, Di Wu, Wenjing Wu, Xiaojing Li
PURPOSE: To investigate and compare corneal biomechanical changes in the form of corneal hysteresis (CH) and corneal resistance factor (CRF) after small-incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) and laser-assisted subepithelial keratectomy (LASEK). METHODS: In this retrospective observational study, patients who underwent either SMILE (36 eyes, 21 patients) or LASEK (35 eyes, 19 patients) were included. Data were collected preoperatively and at 1 and 3 months postoperatively, which included corneal topography and Ocular Response Analyzer values of CH, CRF, and intraocular pressure (IOP)...
November 2015: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25363858/bimanual-microincision-versus-standard-coaxial-small-incision-cataract-surgery-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#17
Chong Chen, Minjiao Zhu, Yong Sun, Xinhua Qu, Xun Xu
PURPOSE: This meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the outcomes of bimanual microincision cataract surgery (B-MICS) through a 1.2- to 1.5-mm incision versus standard coaxial small-incision cataract surgery (C-SICS) through a 2.8- to 3.2-mm incision. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was performed according to the Cochrane Collaboration methodology to identify randomized controlled clinical trials comparing B-MICS with standard C-SICS. Main outcome measures were mean surgical time, mean phacoemulsification power, effective phacoemulsification time, best-corrected visual acuity, surgically induced astigmatism (SIA), mean laser flare photometry values, mean endothelial cell loss, mean increased central corneal thickness, and intraoperative and postoperative complications...
March 2015: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22437895/sternum-sparing-thoracotomy-incisions-in-lung-transplantation-surgery-a-superior-technique-to-the-clamshell-approach
#18
Hartmuth Bruno Bittner, Sven Lehmann, Christian Binner, Jens Garbade, Markus Barten, Friedrich Wilhelm Mohr
OBJECTIVE: : Bilateral anterior transsternal thoracotomy incision (clamshell technique) is the standard approach used for bilateral sequential lung transplantation (LTX). The morbidity and wound complications of this large incision can be considerable and costly. Muscle sparing anterior thoracotomies without division of the sternum may lead to decreasing the sequelae of wound complications. The objective of this study was to determine the rate of wound complications in the nonsternal incising lung transplant patients...
March 2011: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16317602/microscopic-stucture-of-the-lamina-terminalis-implications-for-microsurgical-third-ventriculostomy
#19
A Taraszewska, J Andrychowski, Z Czernicki
OBJECTIVE: The neurosurgical approach through the lamina terminalis (LT) is a commonly used technique for management of the third ventricle region pathology. Furthermore, LT fenestration is a recommended procedure during surgery of ruptured intracranial aneurysms. Though the LT is a rudimentary structure in adult human brain, its neurosurgical significance is eliciting increasing interest. The aim of the presented study is to characterize the LT histologically, with special attention to the previously recommended area of LT fenestration and to the localization and structure of the organum vasculosum lamina terminalis (OVLT)...
November 2005: Zentralblatt Für Neurochirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/12701192/-lateral-tunnel-versus-extracardiac-cavopulmonary-connections
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
S Sano, M Kawada, K Ishino, A Itou, K Yoshizumi, K Minami, S Kasahara, S Arai, S Ohtsuki
To examine the mid term outcome of the lateral tunnel Fontan and the result is to be compared to extracardiac Fontan operation. Between March 1991 and May 2002, 72 lateral tunnel (LT) and 28 extracardiac conduit (EC) total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC) were performed. Right atrium was incised parallel to the sulcus terminalis and LT was created by using autologous right atrial wall. Lateral tunnel size was determined 1-2 mm larger than normal half pulmonary artery (PA) size according to the body weight. There were 1 early and 1 late death, both initial LT group...
April 2003: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
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