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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331099/interferon-inducible-oligoadenylate-synthetase-like-protein-acts-as-an-antiviral-effector-against-classical-swine-fever-virus-via-the-mda5-mediated-type-i-interferon-signaling-pathway
#1
Lian-Feng Li, Jiahui Yu, Yuexiu Zhang, Qian Yang, Yongfeng Li, Lingkai Zhang, Jinghan Wang, Su Li, Yuzi Luo, Yuan Sun, Hua-Ji Qiu
Classical swine fever virus (CSFV) is the causative agent of classical swine fever (CSF), which poses a serious threat to the global pig industry. Interferons (IFNs) and IFN-stimulated genes (ISGs) play a key role in host antiviral defense. We have previously screened the porcine 2' -5' -oligoadenylate synthase-like protein (pOASL) as a potential anti-CSFV ISG using a reporter CSFV. This study aimed to clarify the underlying antiviral mechanism of pOASL against CSFV. We confirmed that CSFV replication was significantly suppressed in lentivirus-delivered, pOASL-overexpressing PK-15 cells, whereas silencing the expression of endogenous pOASL by small interfering RNAs markedly enhanced CSFV growth...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326061/come-an-essential-response-regulator-negatively-regulates-the-expression-of-the-capsular-polysaccharide-locus-and-attenuates-the-bacterial-virulence-in-streptococcus-pneumoniae
#2
Yuqiang Zheng, Xuemei Zhang, Xiaofang Wang, Libin Wang, Jinghui Zhang, Yibing Yin
The capsular polysaccharide (CPS) of Streptococcus pneumoniae is the main virulence factors required for effective colonization and invasive disease. The capacity to regulate CPS production at the transcriptional level is critical for the survival of S. pneumoniae in different host niches, but little is known about the transcription regulators of cps locus. In the present study, we isolated and identified the response regulator ComE, the master competence switch in transformation of S. pneumoniae, as a transcriptional regulator of cps locus by DNA affinity chromatography-pulldown, MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry (MS) and electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA)...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278510/autocrine-vegf-and-il-8-promote-migration-via-src-vav2-rac1-pak1-signaling-in-human-umbilical-vein-endothelial-cells
#3
Li Ju, Zhiwen Zhou, Bo Jiang, Yue Lou, Xirong Guo
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Pro-angiogenic factors VEGF and IL-8 play a major role in modulating the migratory potential of endothelial cells. The goal of this study was to investigate the effect of autocrine VEGF and IL-8 in the form of self-conditioned medium (CM) on human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). METHODS: Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) examined the automatic secretion of VEGF and IL-8 protein by HUVECs. Western blot, small interfering RNA (siRNA), pulldown and Transwell assays were used to explore the role and the mechanism of autocrine VEGF and IL-8 in migration of HUVECs...
March 9, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275089/the-microtubule-network-and-cell-death-are-regulated-by-a-mir-34a-stathmin-1-betaiii-tubulin-axis
#4
Nancy S Vetter, E Anders Kolb, Valerie B Sampson, Christopher Mills
MicroRNA-34a (miR-34a) is a master regulator of signaling networks that maintain normal physiology and disease and is currently in development as a miRNA-based therapy for cancer. Prior studies have reported low miR-34a expression in osteosarcoma (OS); however, the molecular mechanisms underlying miR-34a activity in OS are not well defined. Therefore, this study evaluated the role of miR-34a in regulating signal transduction pathways that influence cell death in OS. Levels of miR-34a were attenuated in human OS cells and xenografts of the Pediatric Preclinical Testing Consortium (PPTC)...
March 8, 2017: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263968/snd1-acts-as-a-novel-gene-transcription-activator-recognizing-the-conserved-motif-domains-of-smad-promoters-inducing-tgf%C3%AE-1-response-and-breast-cancer-metastasis
#5
L Yu, Y Di, L Xin, Y Ren, X Liu, X Sun, W Zhang, Z Yao, J Yang
As an AEG-1/MTDH/LYRIC-binding protein, Staphylococcal nuclease domain-containing 1 (SND1) is upregulated in numerous human cancers where it has been assigned multiple functional roles. In this study, we discovered that SND1 was upregulated in breast cancer tissues, particularly the tissues from patients with distant metastases. The underlying molecular mechanisms demonstrated a novel role of SND1 in regulating the activity of transforming growth factor β1 (TGFβ1) signaling pathway, which promotes metastasis in breast cancer...
March 6, 2017: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261569/development-of-a-proximity-labeling-system-to-map-the-chlamydia-trachomatis-inclusion-membrane
#6
Elizabeth A Rucks, Macy G Olson, Lisa M Jorgenson, Rekha R Srinivasan, Scot P Ouellette
Chlamydia grows within a membrane-bound vacuole termed an inclusion. The cellular processes that support the biogenesis and integrity of this pathogen-specified parasitic organelle are not understood. Chlamydia secretes integral membrane proteins called Incs that insert into the chlamydial inclusion membrane (IM). Incs contain at least two hydrophobic transmembrane domains flanked by termini, which vary in size and are exposed to the host cytosol. In addition, Incs are temporally expressed during the chlamydial developmental cycle...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254886/tex19-paralogs-are-new-members-of-the-pirna-pathway-controlling-retrotransposon-suppression
#7
Yara Tarabay, Mayada Achour, Marius Teletin, Tao Ye, Aurélie Teissandier, Manuel Mark, Déborah Bourc'his, Stéphane Viville
Tex19 genes are mammalian specific and duplicated in Tex19.1 and Tex19.2 in some species, such as the mouse and rat. It has been demonstrated that mutant Tex19.1 males display a variable degree of infertility whereas they all upregulate MMERVK10C transposons in their germ line. In order to study the function of both paralogs in the mouse, we generated and studied double knockout (Tex19DKO) mutant mice. Adult Tex19DKO males exhibited a fully penetrant phenotype, similar to the most severe phenotype observed in single Tex19...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253953/methods-for-studying-interactions-between-atg8-lc3-gabarap-and-lir-containing-proteins
#8
T Johansen, Å B Birgisdottir, J Huber, A Kniss, V Dötsch, V Kirkin, V V Rogov
LC3/GABARAP proteins (LC3/GABARAPs) are mammalian orthologues of yeast Atg8, small ubiquitin (Ub)-like proteins (UBLs) whose covalent attachment to lipid membranes is crucial for the growth and closure of the double membrane vesicle called the autophagosome. In the past decade, it was demonstrated that Atg8/LC3/GABARAPs are also required for autophagic degradation of cargos in a selective fashion. Cargo selectivity is ensured by receptor proteins, such as p62/SQSTM1, NBR1, Cue5, Atg19, NIX, Atg32, NCOA4, and FAM134B, which simultaneously bind Atg8/LC3/GABARAPs and the cargo together, thereby linking the core autophagic machinery to the target structure: a protein, an organelle, or a pathogen...
2017: Methods in Enzymology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235798/the-cytoplasmic-tail-of-l-selectin-interacts-with-the-adaptor-protein-complex-ap-1-subunit-%C3%AE-1a-via-a-novel-basic-binding-motif
#9
Karim Dib, Irina G Tikhonova, Aleksandar Ivetic, Peter Schu
L-selectin regulates leukocyte adhesion and rolling along the endothelium. Proteins binding to the cytoplasmic tail of L-selectin regulate L-selectin functions. We used L-selectin cytoplasmic tail peptide pulldown assays combined with high sensitivity liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry to identify novel L-selectin tail binding proteins. Incubation of the L-selectin tail with cell extracts from phorbol myristate acetate-stimulated Raw 264.7 macrophages resulted in the binding of mu1A of the clathrin-coated-vesicle AP-1 complex...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223507/imaging-mrna-and-protein-interactions-within-neurons
#10
Carolina Eliscovich, Shailesh M Shenoy, Robert H Singer
RNA-protein interactions are essential for proper gene expression regulation, particularly in neurons with unique spatial constraints. Currently, these interactions are defined biochemically, but a method is needed to evaluate them quantitatively within morphological context. Colocalization of two-color labels using wide-field microscopy is a method to infer these interactions. However, because of chromatic aberrations in the objective lens, this approach lacks the resolution to determine whether two molecules are physically in contact or simply nearby by chance...
March 7, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209170/lincrnafezf1-as1-represses-p21-expression-to-promote-gastric-cancer-proliferation-through-lsd1-mediated-h3k4me2-demethylation
#11
Yan-Wen Liu, Rui Xia, Kai Lu, Min Xie, Fen Yang, Ming Sun, Wei De, Cailian Wang, Guozhong Ji
BACKGROUND: Although the prognosis of gastric cancer patients have a favorable progression, there are some patients with unusual patterns of locoregional and systemic recurrence. Therefore, a better understanding of early molecular events of the disease is needed. Current evidences demonstrate that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) may be an important class of functional regulators involved in human gastric cancers development. Our previous studies suggest that HOTAIR contributes to gastric cancer development, and the overexpression of HOTAIR predicts a poor prognosis...
February 16, 2017: Molecular Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174098/effects-of-organophosphates-on-the-regulation-of-mesenchymal-stem-cell-proliferation-and-differentiation
#12
Amber M Prugh, Stephanie D Cole, Trevor Glaros, Daniel J Angelini
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multipotent cells located within various adult tissues. Recent literature has reported that human bone marrow-derived MSCs express active acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and that disruption of AChE activity by organophosphate (OP) chemicals decreases the ability of MSCs to differentiate into osteoblasts. The potential role of AChE in regulating MSC proliferation and differentiation is currently unknown. In the present study, we demonstrate that MSCs exposed to OPs have both decreased AChE activity and abundance...
March 25, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170369/lmo2-enhances-lamellipodia-filopodia-formation-in-basal-type-breast-cancer-cells-by-mediating-arp3-profilin1-interaction
#13
Ye Liu, Chao Wu, Tianhui Zhu, Wei Sun
BACKGROUND The human LMO2 gene was first cloned from an acute T lymphocytic leukemia patient; it is primarily expressed in hematopoietic and vascular endothelial systems, and functions as a pivotal transcriptional regulator during embryonic hematopoiesis and angiogenesis. However, some recent reports indicated that LMO2 is widely expressed in many tissues and tumors, predominantly in cytoplasm, and revealed complicated functions on tumor behaviors in a variety of cancer types. As an adaptor molecule, binding partners and function details of LMO2 in these solid tumors need to be further investigated...
February 7, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167297/loss-of-pin1-suppresses-hedgehog-driven-medulloblastoma-tumorigenesis
#14
Tao Xu, Honglai Zhang, Sung-Soo Park, Sriram Venneti, Rork Kuick, Kimberly Ha, Lowell Evan Michael, Mariarita Santi, Chiyoko Uchida, Takafumi Uchida, Ashok Srinivasan, James M Olson, Andrzej A Dlugosz, Sandra Camelo-Piragua, Jean-François Rual
Medulloblastoma is the most common malignant brain tumor in children. Therapeutic approaches to medulloblastoma (combination of surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy) have led to significant improvements, but these are achieved at a high cost to quality of life. Alternative therapeutic approaches are needed. Genetic mutations leading to the activation of the Hedgehog pathway drive tumorigenesis in ~30% of medulloblastoma. In a yeast two-hybrid proteomic screen, we discovered a novel interaction between GLI1, a key transcription factor for the mediation of Hedgehog signals, and PIN1, a peptidylprolyl cis/trans isomerase that regulates the postphosphorylation fate of its targets...
February 3, 2017: Neoplasia: An International Journal for Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154159/the-t-cell-ift20-interactome-reveals-new-players-in-immune-synapse-assembly
#15
Donatella Galgano, Anna Onnis, Elisa Pappalardo, Federico Galvagni, Oreste Acuto, Cosima T Baldari
Sustained signalling at the immune synapse (IS) requires the synaptic delivery of recycling endosome-associated TCRs. IFT20, a component of the intraflagellar transport system, controls TCR recycling to the IS as a complex with IFT57 and IFT88. Here, we used quantitative mass spectrometry to identify additional interaction partners of IFT20 in Jurkat T cells. In addition to IFT57 and IFT88, the analysis revealed new binding partners, including IFT54, GMAP-210, Arp2/3 complex subunit-3 (ARPC3), COP9 signalosome subunit-1 (CSN1), and ERGIC-53...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121289/mapping-cell-type-specific-transcriptional-enhancers-using-high-affinity-lineage-specific-ep300-biochip-seq
#16
Pingzhu Zhou, Fei Gu, Lina Zhang, Brynn N Akerberg, Qing Ma, Kai Li, Aibin He, Zhiqiang Lin, Sean M Stevens, Bin Zhou, William T Pu
Understanding the mechanisms that regulate cell type-specific transcriptional programs requires developing a lexicon of their genomic regulatory elements. We developed a lineage-selective method to map transcriptional enhancers, regulatory genomic regions that activate transcription, in mice. Since most tissue-specific enhancers are bound by the transcriptional co-activator Ep300, we used Cre-directed, lineage-specific Ep300 biotinylation and pulldown on immobilized streptavidin followed by next generation sequencing of co-precipitated DNA to identify lineage-specific enhancers...
January 25, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109288/long-intergenic-non-coding-rna-00152-promotes-lung-adenocarcinoma-proliferation-via-interacting-with-ezh2-and-repressing-il24-expression
#17
Qin-Nan Chen, Xin Chen, Zhen-Yao Chen, Feng-Qi Nie, Chen-Chen Wei, Hong-Wei Ma, Li Wan, Shuai Yan, Sheng-Nan Ren, Zhao-Xia Wang
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have shown that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) behave as a novel class of transcript during multiple cancer processes, such as cell proliferation, apoptosis, migration, and invasion. LINC00152 is located on chromosome 2p11.2, and has a transcript length of 828 nucleotides. The biological role of LINC00152 in LAD(lung adenocarcinoma) remains unknown. METHODS: Quantitative reverse transcription PCR(qRT-PCR) was used to detect LINC00152 expression in 60 human LAD tissues and paired normal tissues...
January 21, 2017: Molecular Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108261/heterotrimeric-g-protein-g%C3%AE-s-subunit-attenuates-plekhg2-a-rho-family-specific-guanine-nucleotide-exchange-factor-by-direct-interaction
#18
Kazue Sugiyama, Kenji Tago, Sayumi Matsushita, Masashi Nishikawa, Katsuya Sato, Yoshinori Muto, Takahiro Nagase, Hiroshi Ueda
PLEKHG2 is a Gβγ-dependent guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) for the small GTPases Rac and Cdc42, and has been shown to mediate signalling pathways such as actin cytoskeleton reorganization and serum response element (SRE)-dependent gene transcription. Here we show that the constitutively active mutant of the Gαs subunit significantly attenuated PLEKHG2-induced SRE-mediated gene transcription. Strikingly, we observed that the constitutive activation of endogenous Gαs by treatment with CTx caused a similar inhibitory effect on PLEKHG2-induced activation of SRE...
January 17, 2017: Cellular Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103901/pathogenic-lrrk2-variants-are-gain-of-function-mutations-that-enhance-lrrk2-mediated-repression-of-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling
#19
Daniel C Berwick, Behzad Javaheri, Andrea Wetzel, Mark Hopkinson, Jonathon Nixon-Abell, Simone Grannò, Andrew A Pitsillides, Kirsten Harvey
BACKGROUND: LRRK2 mutations and risk variants increase susceptibility to inherited and idiopathic Parkinson's disease, while recent studies have identified potential protective variants. This, and the fact that LRRK2 mutation carriers develop symptoms and brain pathology almost indistinguishable from idiopathic Parkinson's disease, has led to enormous interest in this protein. LRRK2 has been implicated in a range of cellular events, but key among them is canonical Wnt signalling, which results in increased levels of transcriptionally active β-catenin...
January 19, 2017: Molecular Neurodegeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096388/competition-of-calcified-calmodulin-n-lobe-and-pip2-to-an-lqt-mutation-site-in-kv7-1-channel
#20
William Sam Tobelaim, Meidan Dvir, Guy Lebel, Meng Cui, Tal Buki, Asher Peretz, Milit Marom, Yoni Haitin, Diomedes E Logothetis, Joel Alan Hirsch, Bernard Attali
Voltage-gated potassium 7.1 (Kv7.1) channel and KCNE1 protein coassembly forms the slow potassium current IKS that repolarizes the cardiac action potential. The physiological importance of the IKS channel is underscored by the existence of mutations in human Kv7.1 and KCNE1 genes, which cause cardiac arrhythmias, such as the long-QT syndrome (LQT) and atrial fibrillation. The proximal Kv7.1 C terminus (CT) binds calmodulin (CaM) and phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2), but the role of CaM in channel function is still unclear, and its possible interaction with PIP2 is unknown...
January 31, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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