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nigella sativa hypertension

Amirhossein Sahebkar, Davide Soranna, Xiaoqiu Liu, Costas Thomopoulos, Luis E Simental-Mendia, Giuseppe Derosa, Pamela Maffioli, Gianfranco Parati
Several reports suggest a beneficial effect of Nigella sativa on cardiometabolic risk factors, including blood pressure (BP). However, the magnitude of the BP-lowering effect of N. sativa remains controversial. We aimed to calculate this effect size of N. sativa through a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). PubMed, Cochrane Collaboration Library, and SCOPUS were used as data sources of RCTs published before 30 August 2015 (in English only) comparing N. sativa treatment with placebo or standard treatment...
November 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Farzaneh Shakeri, Zahra Gholamnezhad, Bruno Mégarbane, Ramin Rezaee, Mohammad Hosein Boskabady
Gastrointestinal (GI) diseases affect a large number of people all over the world. Uncontrolled acid secretion and occurrence of gastric ulcers are common disorders of GI tract which pose serious problems to human health. Many synthetic drugs have been used to treat GI disorders but a definite cure has not been discovered so far and the available medications cause several side effects. Nigella sativa (N. sativa) (Ranunculacea) has several therapeutic effects which are attributed to its constituents like nigellicine, nigellidine, thymoquinone, dithymoquinone, thymol and carvacrol...
January 2016: Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine
Kamsiah Jaarin, Wai Dic Foong, Min Hui Yeoh, Zaman Yusoff Nik Kamarul, Haji Mohd Saad Qodriyah, Abdullah Azman, Japar Sidik Fadhlullah Zuhair, Abdul Hamid Juliana, Yusof Kamisah
OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to determine whether the blood pressure-lowering effect of Nigella sativa might be mediated by its effects on nitric oxide, angiotensin-converting enzyme, heme oxygenase and oxidative stress markers. METHODS: Twenty-four adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided equally into 4 groups. One group served as the control (group 1), whereas the other three groups (groups 2-4) were administered L-NAME (25 mg/kg, intraperitoneally)...
November 2015: Clinics
Bahareh Amin, Hossein Hosseinzadeh
For many centuries, seeds of Nigella sativa (black cumin), a dicotyledon of the Ranunculaceae family, have been used as a seasoning spice and food additive in the Middle East and Mediterranean areas. Traditionally, the plant is used for asthma, hypertension, diabetes, inflammation, cough, bronchitis, headache, eczema, fever, dizziness, and gastrointestinal disturbances. The literature regarding the biological activities of seeds of this plant is extensive, citing bronchodilative, anti-inflammatory, antinociceptive, antibacterial, hypotensive, hypolipidemic, cytotoxic, antidiabetic, and hepatoprotective effects...
January 2016: Planta Medica
Mohannad Khader, Peter M Eckl
Nigella sativa has attracted healers in ancient civilizations and researchers in recent times. Traditionally, it has been used in different forms to treat many diseases including asthma, hypertension, diabetes, inflammation, cough, bronchitis, headache, eczema, fever, dizziness and influenza. Experimentally, it has been demonstrated that N. sativa extracts and the main constituent of their volatile oil, thymoquinone, possess antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and hepatoprotective properties. In this review we aimed at summarizing the most recent investigations related to a few and most important effects of thymoquinone...
December 2014: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
Rana Keyhanmanesh, Zahra Gholamnezhad, Mohammad Hossien Boskabady
Nigella sativa (N. sativa) is a spice plant which has been traditionally used for culinary and medicinal purposes. Different therapeutic properties including the beneficial effects on asthma and dyspnea, digestive and gynecology disorders have been described for the seeds of N. sativa. There is evidence of the relaxant effects of this plant and some of its constituents on different types of smooth muscle including rabbit aorta, rabbit jejunum and trachea. The relaxant effect of N. sativa could be of therapeutic importance such as bronchodilation in asthma, vasodilation in hypertension and therapeutic effect on digestive or urogenital disorders...
December 2014: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
Fatemeh Forouzanfar, Bibi Sedigheh Fazly Bazzaz, Hossein Hosseinzadeh
Nigella sativa seeds have wide therapeutic effects and have been reported to have significant effects against many ailments such as skin diseases, jaundice, gastrointestinal problems, anorexia, conjunctivitis, dyspepsia, rheumatism, diabetes, hypertension, intrinsic hemorrhage, paralysis, amenorrhea, anorexia, asthma, cough, bronchitis, headache, fever, influenza and eczema. Thymoquinone (TQ) is one of the most active constituent and has different beneficial properties. Focus on antimicrobial effects, different extracts of N...
December 2014: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
Xin-Fang Leong, Mohd Rais Mustafa, Kamsiah Jaarin
Hypertension increases the risk for a variety of cardiovascular diseases, including stroke, coronary artery disease, heart failure, and peripheral vascular disease. The increase in oxidative stress has been associated with the pathogenesis of hypertension. Increase of blood pressure is due to an imbalance between antioxidants defence mechanisms and free radical productions. Excessive production of reactive oxygen species reduces nitric oxide bioavailability leading to an endothelial dysfunction and a subsequent increase in total peripheral resistance...
2013: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
H Fallah Huseini, M Amini, R Mohtashami, M E Ghamarchehre, Z Sadeqhi, S Kianbakht, A Fallah Huseini
Nigella sativa L. seeds (N. sativa) have been used as a traditional remedy for a wide range of diseases including hypertension. The present study was performed to explore the effects of N. sativa oil on blood pressure (BP) in healthy volunteers. In a double-blind, randomized study, 70 healthy volunteers aged 34 to 63 years with systolic BP from 110 to 140 mmHg and diastolic BP from 60 to 90 mmHg were randomly allocated to receive 2.5 mL N. sativa oil or placebo two times a day for 8 weeks. The systolic and diastolic BPs, body mass index and blood levels of aspartate transaminase, alanine transaminase, alkaline phosphatase, creatinine and blood urea nitrogen were determined at baseline and endpoint...
December 2013: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Noureddine Idris-Khodja, Valérie Schini-Kerth
Aging-related endothelial dysfunction is characterized by blunted nitric oxide (NO)- and endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF)-mediated relaxations in arteries, which may be due, at least in part, to increased oxidative stress. Endothelial dysfunction will promote the initiation and development of major cardiovascular diseases such as atherosclerosis and hypertension. Thymoquinone (TQ) is the most active constituent of the volatile oil of Nigella sativa seeds with well-documented antioxidative properties and vasodilator effects...
July 2012: Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
Yasser A Mahmmoud, S Brøgger Christensen
Nigella sativa seed oil was found to contain a modulator of Na,K-ATPase. Separation analyses combined with (1)H NMR and GCMS identified the inhibitory fraction as a mixture of oleic and linoleic acids. These two fatty acids are specifically concentrated in several medicinal plant oils, and have particularly been implicated in decreasing high blood pressure. The ouabain binding site on Na,K-ATPase has also been implicated in blood pressure regulation. Thus, we aimed to determine how these two molecules modify pig kidney Na,K-ATPase...
October 2011: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Waris Qidwai, Hasan Bin Hamza, Riaz Qureshi, Anwar Gilani
OBJECTIVE: The seed extracts from Nigella sativa is used by Unani physicians of traditional medicine (Hakims or Tabibs) and Ayurvedic practitioners (Vaids) in the treatment of several medical disorders including dyslipidemia, obesity, and hypertension. It is, therefore, important to prove or disprove the effectiveness, safety, and tolerability of powdered N. sativa (Kalonji) seed in capsules on serum lipid levels, blood sugar, blood pressure, and body weight in adults. DESIGN: The study design was a randomized, double-blind trial...
June 2009: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Farshad Roghani Dehkordi, Amir Farhad Kamkhah
Hypertension (HT) is a lifestyle-related disease and dietary modifications are effective for its management and prevention. We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial to evaluate the efficacy of treatment with an oral Nigella sativa (NS) seed extract supplement in patients with mild HT. Subjects were randomized into three groups: a placebo and two test groups that received 100 and 200 mg of NS extract twice a day. After 8 weeks, systolic blood pressure (SBP) values in both case groups were found to be significantly reduced when compared with the baseline values for each group...
August 2008: Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology
Mahmoud M Khattab, Mahmoud N Nagi
The present study was undertaken to evaluate the protective effect of thymoquinone (TQ), the main constituent of the volatile oil from Nigella sativa seeds, in rats after chronic inhibition of nitric oxide synthesis with N(omega)-nitro-l-arginine methyl esters (l-NAME). Rats were divided randomly into different treatment groups: control, l-NAME, TQ and l-NAME + TQ. Hypertension was induced by 4 weeks administration of l-NAME (50 mg/kg/day p.o.). TQ was administered alone or in combination with l-NAME and continued for 4 weeks...
May 2007: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
A Tahraoui, J El-Hilaly, Z H Israili, B Lyoussi
This survey was undertaken in the Errachidia province in south-eastern Morocco in order to inventory the main medicinal plants used in folk medicine to treat arterial hypertension and diabetes mellitus. Four hundred individuals who knew about and/or had used the medicinal plants for the indicated diseases, including some herbal healers, were interviewed throughout different regions of the province. The inventory of medicinal plants is summarized in a synoptic table, which contains the scientific, vernacular and common name of the plant, its ecological distribution, the part of the plant and the preparation used and the therapeutic indication...
March 1, 2007: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Ibrahim O Farah
Black seed (N. Sativa L) is an oriental spice of the family Ranunculaceae that has long been rationally used as a natural medicine for treatment of many acute as well as chronic conditions including cardiovascular disease and immunological disorders. It has been used in the treatment of diabetes, hypertension, and dermatological conditions. There have been very few studies on the effects of N. Sativa as a chemoprevention of chronic diseases as well as in cancer prevention and/or therapy. Oxidative stress is a condition that underlies many acute as well as chronic conditions...
December 2005: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Philemon K Kirui, Joseph Cameron, Ham A Benghuzzi, Michelle Tucci, Ramish Patel, Felix Adah, George Russell
The use of natural products as an alternative to conventional treatment in healing and treatment of various diseases has been on the rise in the last few decades. Nigella sativa, a natural herb has long been used as a natural medicine for treatment of many acute, as well as, chronic conditions. These include diabetes, hypertension and dermatological conditions. The specific objectives of this study were: (1) to successfully deliver the active component of black seed called Thymoqiunone (TMQ) at sustained level using TCPL drug delivery system; (2) to evaluate the physiological responses associated with sustained delivery of TMQ in femoral defect animal model (bone healing)...
2004: Biomedical Sciences Instrumentation
M el-Dakhakhny, N I Mady, M A Halim
The effects of 4 weeks oral intake of Nigella sativa L. (NS) oil on some liver function tests and D-galactosamine- or carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatotoxicity were investigated in male albino rats. In another series of experiments, the effect of the oil on serum lipid profile was examined in male spontaneously hypertensive rats of stroke prone strain and Wistar Kyoto rats. The study showed that daily administration of the oil per se (800 mg/kg orally for 4 weeks) did not adversely effect the serum transaminases (ALT and AST), alkaline phosphatase, serum bilirubin or prothrombin activity in normal albino rats...
September 2000: Arzneimittel-Forschung
A Zaoui, Y Cherrah, M A Lacaille-Dubois, A Settaf, H Amarouch, M Hassar
Nigella sativa (ranunculaceae) is used in Arab folk medicine as a diuretic and hypotensive plant. We report here the diuretic and hypotensive effects of dichloromethane extract of Nigella sativa seeds in the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR). An oral dose of Nigella sativa extract (0.6 ml/kg/day) and furosemide (5 mg/kg/day) increased significantly the diuresis by 16 and 30 per cent respectively after 15 days of treatment; urinary excretion of Cl-, Na+, K+ and urea is also increased. Simultaneously, the mean arterial pressure decreased respectively by 22 and 18 per cent in the Nigella sativa treated rat and nifédipine treated rat (0...
May 2000: Thérapie
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