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Laura Desbourdes, Joaquim Javary, Thomas Charbonnier, Nicole Ishac, Jerome Bourgeais, Aurore Iltis, Jean-Claude Chomel, Ali Turhan, Fabien Guilloton, Karin Tarte, Marie-Veronique Demattei, Elfi Ducrocq, Florence Rouleux-Bonnin, Emmanuel Gyan, Olivier Hérault, Jorge Domenech
Bone marrow (BM)-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) frequently display alterations in several hematologic disorders, such as acute lymphoid leukemia, acute myeloid leukemia (AML), and myelodysplastic syndromes. In acute leukemias, it is not clear whether MSC alterations contribute to the development of the malignant clone or whether they are simply the effect of tumor expansion on the microenvironment. We extensively investigated the characteristics of MSCs isolated from the BM of patients with de novo AML at diagnosis (L-MSCs) in terms of phenotype (gene and protein expression, apoptosis and senescence levels, DNA double-strand break formation) and functions (proliferation and clonogenic potentials, normal and leukemic hematopoiesis-supporting activity)...
April 10, 2017: Stem Cells and Development
Oren Pleniceanu, Racheli Shukrun, Dorit Omer, Einav Vax, Itamar Kanter, Klaudyna Dziedzic, Naomi Pode-Shakked, Michal Mark-Daniei, Sara Pri-Chen, Yehudit Gnatek, Hadas Alfandary, Nira Varda-Bloom, Dekel D Bar-Lev, Naomi Bollag, Rachel Shtainfeld, Leah Armon, Achia Urbach, Tomer Kalisky, Arnon Nagler, Orit Harari-Steinberg, Jack L Arbiser, Benjamin Dekel
Angiomyolipoma (AML), the most common benign renal tumor, can result in severe morbidity from hemorrhage and renal failure. While mTORC1 activation is involved in its growth, mTORC1 inhibitors fail to eradicate AML, highlighting the need for new therapies. Moreover, the identity of the AML cell of origin is obscure. AML research, however, is hampered by the lack of in vivo models. Here, we establish a human AML-xenograft (Xn) model in mice, recapitulating AML at the histological and molecular levels. Microarray analysis demonstrated tumor growth in vivo to involve robust PPARG-pathway activation...
April 2017: EMBO Molecular Medicine
Bing Z Carter, Po Yee Mak, Xiangmeng Wang, Hui Yang, Guillermo Garcia-Manero, Duncan Mak, Hong Mu, Vivian Ruvolo, Yihua Qiu, Kevin Coombes, Nianxiang Zhang, Brittany Ragon, David T Weaver, Jonathan A Pachter, Steven Kornblau, Michael Andreeff
Although overexpression/activation of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is widely known in solid tumors to control cell growth, survival, invasion, metastasis, gene expression, and stem cell self-renewal, its expression and function in myeloid leukemia are not well investigated. Using reverse-phase protein arrays in large cohorts of newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and myeloid dysplastic syndrome (MDS) samples, we found that high FAK expression was associated with unfavorable cytogenetics (P = 2 x 10-4) and relapse (P = 0...
March 7, 2017: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Thomas Schroeder, Stefanie Geyh, Ulrich Germing, Rainer Haas
Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) are clonal myeloid disorders characterized by hematopoietic insufficiency. As MDS and AML are considered to originate from genetic and molecular defects of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPC), the main focus of research in this field has focused on the characterization of these cells. Recently, the contribution of BM microenvironment to the pathogenesis of myeloid malignancies, in particular MDS and AML has gained more interest. This is based on a better understanding of its physiological role in the regulation of hematopoiesis...
December 2016: Blood Research
Amina M Abdul-Aziz, Manar S Shafat, Tarang K Mehta, Federica Di Palma, Matthew J Lawes, Stuart A Rushworth, Kristian M Bowles
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells exhibit a high level of spontaneous apoptosis when cultured in vitro but have a prolonged survival time in vivo, indicating that tissue microenvironment plays a critical role in promoting AML cell survival. In vitro studies have shown that bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells (BM-MSC) protect AML blasts from spontaneous and chemotherapy-induced apoptosis. Here, we report a novel interaction between AML blasts and BM-MSCs, which benefits AML proliferation and survival. We initially examined the cytokine profile in cultured human AML compared with AML cultured with BM-MSCs and found that macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) was highly expressed by primary AML, and that IL8 was increased in AML/BM-MSC cocultures...
January 15, 2017: Cancer Research
E K von der Heide, M Neumann, S Vosberg, A R James, M P Schroeder, J Ortiz-Tanchez, K Isaakidis, C Schlee, M Luther, K Jöhrens, I Anagnostopoulos, L H Mochmann, D Nowak, W K Hofmann, P A Greif, C D Baldus
The contribution of molecular alterations in bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells (BM-MSC) to the pathogenesis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is poorly understood. Thus we assessed genome-wide genetic, transcriptional and epigenetic alterations in BM-MSC derived from AML patients (AML BM-MSC). Whole-exome sequencing (WES) of AML BM-MSC samples from 21 patients revealed a non-specific pattern of genetic alterations in the stromal compartment. The only mutation present in AML BM-MSC at serial time points of diagnosis, complete remission and relapse was a mutation in the PLEC gene encoding for cytoskeleton key player Plectin in one AML patient...
December 13, 2016: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
Sujan Piya, Michael Andreeff, Gautam Borthakur
Therapeutic inhibition of macroautophagy/autophagy is expected to increase chemosensitivity of cancers and alter tumor-stroma interdependence. The hypoxic, metabolically challenged bone marrow microenvironment confers chemoresistance to leukemia cells. The impact of autophagy inhibition in the context of microenvironment-mediated resistance in leukemia is less explored. Our recent studies demonstrated that co-culture of acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) cells with marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) induces autophagy in AML cells and increases resistance to genotoxic agents (cytarabine and idarubicin)...
January 2, 2017: Autophagy
Chen Tian, Guoguang Zheng, Hongqing Zhuang, Xubin Li, Dongzhi Hu, Lei Zhu, Tengteng Wang, Mingjian James You, Yizhuo Zhang
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is not sensitive to chemotherapy partially because of the protection of AML cells by mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs). Our previous studies found that MSCs protected AML cells from apoptosis through the c-Myc-dependent pathway. However, the mechanism by which MSCs regulate c-Myc in AML cells is still unknown. To elucidate the mechanism, we performed microRNA array analysis of AML cell lines and validated by TaqMan realtime PCR. The results showed that the expression of microRNA-494 (miR-494) in AML cells after coculture with MSCs was downregulated...
June 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
I Tzoran, A Rebibo-Sabbah, B Brenner, A Aharon
INTRODUCTION: Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is characterized by rapid growth of leukemic blast cells. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are shed from normal and pathologic cells and express membrane proteins and antigens, reflecting their cellular origin. AIM: To explore whether bone marrow EVs of AML patients originate from blast cells and are capable of influencing hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) in a pseudo-natural microenvironment obtained by co-culture of HSC with mesenchymal stem cells (MSC)...
April 2016: Thrombosis Research
Yungjun Tang, Qing Guo, Yaqin Zhi, Xin Jin, Bing Xia, Shanqi Guo, Chen Tian, Yizhuo Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the role of CXCR4/STAT3 in mesenchymal stromal cell (MSC)-mediated drug resistance of AML cells. METHODS: AML cell lines U937 and KG1a and primary AML cells were co-cultured with MSC from bone marrow of healthy donors. The AML cell lines cultured alone were used as control. Apoptosis induced by mitoxantrone was measured by flow cytometry. Expression of CXCR4 and STAT3 protein were detected by Western blot. After incubated with STAT3 inhibitor Cucurbitacin I or CXCR4 antagonist AMD3100, the apoptosis of AML cells induced by mitoxantrone was evaluated...
February 2016: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
Bing Z Carter, Po Yee Mak, Ye Chen, Duncan H Mak, Hong Mu, Rodrigo Jacamo, Vivian Ruvolo, Stefan T Arold, John E Ladbury, Jared K Burks, Steven Kornblau, Michael Andreeff
To better understand how the apoptosis repressor with caspase recruitment domain (ARC) protein confers drug resistance in acute myeloid leukemia (AML), we investigated the role of ARC in regulating leukemia-mesenchymal stromal cell (MSC) interactions. In addition to the previously reported effect on AML apoptosis, we have demonstrated that ARC enhances migration and adhesion of leukemia cells to MSCs both in vitro and in a novel human extramedullary bone/bone marrow mouse model. Mechanistic studies revealed that ARC induces IL1β expression in AML cells and increases CCL2, CCL4, and CXCL12 expression in MSCs, both through ARC-mediated activation of NFκB...
April 12, 2016: Oncotarget
Kui Song, Weichao Li, Min Li
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is an extremely rare complication that can be observed following mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) transplantation for traumatic brain injury (TBI). Few cases have been reported thus far. The present study reports a case of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) following MSC transplantation in a 36-year-old female. The patient presented with a fever and dermatorrhagia with an associative abnormal coagulation test almost 2 months after the MSC transplantation for TBI. The routine blood test, bone marrow (BM) test, and examination of the promyelocytic leukemia/retinoic acid receptor-α and mixed lineage leukemia chimeric genes confirmed the diagnosis of APL and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC)...
November 2015: Oncology Letters
Alexander Kuett, Christina Rieger, Deborah Perathoner, Tobias Herold, Michaela Wagner, Silvia Sironi, Karl Sotlar, Hans-Peter Horny, Christian Deniffel, Heidrun Drolle, Michael Fiegl
The bone marrow microenvironment is physiologically hypoxic with areas being as low as 1% O2, e.g. the stem cell niche. Acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) blasts misuse these bone marrow niches for protection by the local microenvironment, but also might create their own microenvironment. Here we identify IL-8 as a hypoxia-regulated cytokine in both AML cell lines and primary AML samples that is induced within 48 hours of severe hypoxia (1% O2). IL-8 lacked effects on AML cells but induced migration in mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC), an integral part of the bone marrow...
December 17, 2015: Scientific Reports
S Geyh, M Rodríguez-Paredes, P Jäger, C Khandanpour, R-P Cadeddu, J Gutekunst, C M Wilk, R Fenk, C Zilkens, D Hermsen, U Germing, G Kobbe, F Lyko, R Haas, T Schroeder
Hematopoietic insufficiency is the hallmark of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and predisposes patients to life-threatening complications such as bleeding and infections. Addressing the contribution of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) to AML-induced hematopoietic failure we show that MSC from AML patients (n=64) exhibit significant growth deficiency and impaired osteogenic differentiation capacity. This was molecularly reflected by a specific methylation signature affecting pathways involved in cell differentiation, proliferation and skeletal development...
March 2016: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
Zhen Yu, Dong Li, Xiu-li Ju
BACKGROUND: The abnormality of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) has been reported to contribute to the pathogenesis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). T cell immunodeficiencies play important roles in the progression of leukemia. This study investigated the effect of CD4+ T cells from AML patients on the proliferation of BM-MSCs. METHODS: The growth rate of BM-MSCs from AML patients and healthy donor was compared. CD4+ T cells were separated and identified from AML patients...
April 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Giulia Falconi, Emiliano Fabiani, Luana Fianchi, Marianna Criscuolo, Chiara Spertilli Raffaelli, Silvia Bellesi, Stefan Hohaus, Maria Teresa Voso, Francesco D'Alò, Giuseppe Leone
Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) exhibit multiple abnormalities in myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), including impaired proliferative and clonogenic capacity, altered morphology, increased senescence, impaired immunoregulatory properties, and reduced hematopoietic support capacity. Common signaling pathways, such as PI3K/AKT and WNT/β-catenin, regulate multiple MSC properties, including proliferation, differentiation, and cell-cell interaction. Here, with polymerase chain reaction arrays, we investigated the expression of 84 genes belonging to the PI3K/AKT signaling pathways in BM-MSCs isolated from patients with MDS, acute myeloid leukemia, and therapy-related myeloid neoplasms, using as a control BM-MSCs isolated from patients with untreated early-stage lymphomas without BM involvement...
January 2016: Experimental Hematology
Håkon Reikvam, Annette K Brenner, Karen Marie Hagen, Knut Liseth, Silje Skrede, Kimberley Joanne Hatfield, Øystein Bruserud
Interactions between acute myeloid leukemia (AML) blasts and neighboring stromal cells are important for disease development and chemosensitivity. However, the molecular mechanisms involved in the cytokine-mediated crosstalk between mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and AML cells are largely unknown. Leukemic cells derived from 18 unselected AML patients were cultured with bone marrow MSCs derived from healthy donors; the populations then being separated by a semipermeable membrane. Coculture had only minor effects on MSC proliferation...
November 2015: Stem Cell Research
R Aliperta, M Cartellieri, A Feldmann, C Arndt, S Koristka, I Michalk, M von Bonin, A Ehninger, J Bachmann, G Ehninger, M Bornhäuser, M P Bachmann
Bispecific antibodies (bsAbs) engaging T cells are emerging as a promising immunotherapeutic tool for the treatment of hematologic malignancies. Because their low molecular mass, bsAbs have short half-lives. To achieve clinical responses, they have to be infused into patients continously, for a long period of time. As a valid alternative we examined the use of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) as autonomous cellular machines for the constant production of a recently described, fully humanized anti-CD33-anti-CD3 bsAb, which is capable of redirecting human T cells against CD33-expressing leukemic cells...
2015: Blood Cancer Journal
Ying Lu, Jin Liu, Yang Liu, Yaru Qin, Qun Luo, Quanli Wang, Haifeng Duan
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) are a kind of stromal cell within the tumor microenvironment. In our research, MSC derived from acute myeloid leukemia patients' bone marrow (AML-MSC) and lung cancer tissues (LC-MSC) as well as normal bone marrow-derived MSC (BM-MSC) cultured in conditioned medium of HeLa cells were found to have higher expressions of Toll-like receptor (TLR4) mRNA compared with BM-MSC. The sorted TLR4-positive MSC (TLR4+ MSC) differed in cytokine (interleukin-6, interleukin-8, and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1) secretion from those of unsorted MSC...
August 21, 2015: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Jochen Vasold, Michaela Wagner, Heidrun Drolle, Christian Deniffel, Alexander Kütt, Robert Oostendorp, Silvia Sironi, Christina Rieger, Michael Fiegl
Immune therapy for acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) has been largely disappointing. One possible explanation might lie in the microenvironment of the bone marrow, comprising cellular (e.g. mesenchymal stromal cells, MSC) and non-cellular components (e.g. hypoxia). The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of these components in the immune response against AML in vitro. In vitro exposure of lymphocytes to hypoxia resulted in an increased expression of CD69 as an activation marker in NK cells only, with subsequently enhanced cell lysis of K-562 cell line by NK cells but not in lysis of primary blast...
February 2015: Leukemia Research
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