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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781679/exploring-the-socio-ecological-levels-for-prevention-of-sexual-risk-behaviours-of-the-youth-in-umgungundlovu-district-municipality-kwazulu-natal
#1
Nelisiwe Khuzwayo, Myra Taylor
BACKGROUND: Prevention of youth sexual risk behaviour among the youth in uMgungundlovu District Municipality continues to be a primary challenge for public health and health promotion. Current prevention interventions are targeted at an individual level, whilst youth behaviour is influenced by many social and environmental factors. AIM: The aim of the study was to explore the factors influencing sexual risk behaviours of the youth at different socio-ecological levels in uMgungundlovu District Municipality...
March 7, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777539/the-intersection-of-race-and-gender-among-black-american-adolescents
#2
Eleanor K Seaton, Karolyn Tyson
This study employed an exploratory sequential mixed-methods design to examine the intersection of race and gender among Black American adolescents, aged 11-19. The quantitative component (n = 344) used survey data to examine gender differences in peer-perpetrated and adult-perpetrated racial discrimination experiences, and no gender differences were evident. Qualitative data (n = 42) probed how males and females interpret discrimination experiences given the intersection of race and gender. Although the majority of participants believed that Black males and females have similar experiences, some believed that Black males face more racial discrimination...
May 19, 2018: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770077/outbreaks-in-the-age-of-syndemics-new-insights-for-improving-indigenous-health
#3
A Andermann
Conventional approaches for the prevention and control of communicable diseases within Indigenous contexts may benefit from new insights arising from the growing interest in syndemics. Syndemics is a term used to describe a conceptual framework for understanding diseases or health conditions, and how these are exacerbated by the social, economic, environmental and political milieu in which a population is immersed. The use of conventional approaches for outbreak prevention and control remains the bedrock of intervention in the field of communicable diseases; yet on their own, these strategies are not always successful, especially within contexts of marginalization and disadvantage...
June 1, 2017: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768588/-run-the-risk-social-disadvantage-or-capability
#4
Luz Adriana Muñoz-Duque
This article discusses the notions of risk and risk acceptability from a social justice perspective, especially in light of the capability approach proposed by Amartya Sen. The article argues that risk can be the expression of restrictions on subjects' capabilities, deriving from social disadvantages that can be taken for granted in their daily realities. On the other hand, risk can be viewed as an expression of capability in cases where subjects have accepted or admitted the risk through the exercise of freedom, as long as the subjects that relate to the risk do so in keeping with their idea of a good life, the building of which implies the full development of capability for agency...
May 10, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768407/the-health-e-babies-app-for-antenatal-education-feasibility-for-socially-disadvantaged-women
#5
Julia A Dalton, Dianne Rodger, Michael Wilmore, Sal Humphreys, Andrew Skuse, Claire T Roberts, Vicki L Clifton
BACKGROUND: The use of mobile technology such as phone applications (apps) has been proposed as an efficient means of providing health and clinical information in a variety of healthcare settings. We developed the Health-e Babies app as an Android smart phone application for pregnant women attending a tertiary hospital in a low socio-economic community, with the objective of providing health information about early pregnancy that would increase maternal confidence and reduce anxiety. Based on our earlier research, this form of health communication was viewed as a preferred source of information for women of reproductive age...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764305/pregnancy-experiences-of-women-in-rural-romania-understanding-ethnic-and-socioeconomic-disparities
#6
Katherine LeMasters, Anne Baber Wallis, Razvan Chereches, Margaret Gichane, Ciprian Tehei, Andreea Varga, Katherine Tumlinson
Women in rural Romania face significant health disadvantages. This qualitative pilot study describes the structural disadvantage experienced during pregnancy by women in rural Romania, focusing on the lived experiences of Roma women. We explore how women in rural communities experience pregnancy, their interactions with the healthcare system, and the role that ethnic and social factors play in pregnancy and childbearing. We conducted 42 semi-structured interviews with health and other professionals, seven narrative interviews with Roma and non-Roma women and a focus group with Roma women...
May 15, 2018: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762741/a-longitudinal-analysis-of-the-intergenerational-transmission-of-health-inequality
#7
Andrea E Willson, Kim M Shuey
Objectives: Empirical investigations of cumulative dis/advantage typically treat health inequality as an intra-individual process rooted in early-life conditions and operating within the span of the individual life course, while literature on processes of intergenerational transmission has historically focused on socioeconomic mobility, largely overlooking health. The current study examines the persistence of work disability across generations and multiple explanations for this relationship, including the role of early life disadvantage, childhood health, educational attainment, and social mobility...
May 14, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760032/white-privilege-in-a-white-coat-how-racism-shaped-my-medical-education
#8
Max J Romano
In this essay, I reflect on some of the ways racial privilege influenced my experience as a white physician in training. While white Americans often think of "racism" as a social construct primarily affecting people of color, "racism" is a system of both racial disadvantage as well as reciprocal racial advantage. Medical professionals are increasingly aware of how social determinants of health lead to important health disparities, however white physicians seldom ask how their own racial privilege reinforces a white supremacist culture and what effects this may have on our patients' health...
May 2018: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758576/-mental-health-stigma-an-influencing-factor-in-healthcare-utilization-by-veterans-of-the-german-armed-forces
#9
Katrin Schuy, Loni M Brants, Simone Dors, Andreas Ströhle, Peter Lutz Zimmermann, Gerd Dieter Willmund, Heinrich Rau, Stefan Siegel
THEORETICAL BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY:  Mental illness stigma is a barrier to healthcare utilization. This study is the first to research the connection between mental illness stigma and the use of healthcare by veterans of the German Armed Forces. An overview of perceived stigma components in this sample is provided that should help understand how these factors influence healthcare utilization. METHODS:  43 interviews with veterans of the German Armed Forces were conducted...
May 14, 2018: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755933/increasing-overweight-and-obesity-erodes-engagement-in-one-s-neighborhood-by-women-but-not-men
#10
Roseanne C Schuster, Seung Yong Han, Alexandra A Brewis, Amber Wutich
Obesity is socially stigmatized in the U.S., especially for women. Significant research has focused on the role that the social and built environments of neighborhoods play in shaping obesity. However, the role of obesity in shaping neighborhood social structure has been largely overlooked. We test the hypothesis that large body size inhibits an individual's engagement in his or her neighborhood. Our study objectives are to assess if (1) body size (body mass index) interacts with gender to predict engagement in one's neighborhood (neighborhood engagement) and (2) if bonding social capital interacts with gender to predict neighborhood engagement independent of body size...
June 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753199/acceptability-of-the-predicting-abusive-head-trauma-predaht-clinical-prediction-tool-a-qualitative-study-with-child-protection-professionals
#11
Laura E Cowley, Sabine Maguire, Daniel M Farewell, Harriet D Quinn-Scoggins, Matthew O Flynn, Alison M Kemp
The validated Predicting Abusive Head Trauma (PredAHT) tool estimates the probability of abusive head trauma (AHT) based on combinations of six clinical features: head/neck bruising; apnea; seizures; rib/long-bone fractures; retinal hemorrhages. We aimed to determine the acceptability of PredAHT to child protection professionals. We conducted qualitative semi-structured interviews with 56 participants: clinicians (25), child protection social workers (10), legal practitioners (9, including 4 judges), police officers (8), and pathologists (4), purposively sampled across southwest United Kingdom...
May 9, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745718/online-social-networks-and-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#12
Cristóbal de la Coba Ortiz, Julio Mayol
Enrolling patients for epidemiologic studies represents a challenge for researchers. Those who use traditional approaches, including in-person interviews and telephone or mail surveys, obtain increasingly lower participations. In the study by Martín-Fernández et al., the authors obtained 44 responses via mail and forums, and then 376 responses in just five days via Facebook. Online social networks (OSN) provide a unique opportunity to obtain epidemiologic data with resource savings and presumably collecting higher-quality information...
May 2018: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743938/dysbiotic-drift-and-biopsychosocial-medicine-how-the-microbiome-links-personal-public-and-planetary-health
#13
Susan L Prescott, Ganesa Wegienka, Alan C Logan, David L Katz
The emerging concept of planetary health emphasizes that the health of human civilization is intricately connected to the health of natural systems within the Earth's biosphere; here, we focus on the rapidly progressing microbiome science - the microbiota-mental health research in particular - as a way to illustrate the pathways by which exposure to biodiversity supports health. Microbiome science is illuminating the ways in which stress, socioeconomic disadvantage and social polices interact with lifestyle and behaviour to influence the micro and macro-level biodiversity that otherwise mediates health...
2018: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741412/parental-socioeconomic-instability-and-child-obesity
#14
Antwan Jones
Using data from the 1986 to 2010 National Longitudinal Study of Youth (NLSY) and the NLSY Child and Young Adult Supplement, this research explores how changes in parental socioeconomic status relate to child obesity over time. Results from linear mixed-effects models indicate that maternal educational gains and maternal employment transitions significantly increased their child's body mass index (BMI). This finding suggests that mothers who work may have less time to devote to monitoring their child's food intake and physical activity, which places their children at higher risks of becoming overweight or obese over time...
January 2018: Biodemography and Social Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734059/intergenerational-pathways-linking-maternal-early-life-adversity-to-offspring-birthweight
#15
Jennifer B Kane, Kathleen Mullan Harris, Anna Maria Siega-Riz
Adverse birth outcomes can lead to problematic long-term outcomes for children, and are also known to transmit socioeconomic disadvantage across generations, thereby amplifying the importance of identifying their social determinants. However, the full set of factors causing adverse birth outcomes remains unknown. Drawing together theory describing intragenerational (life course) processes linking early life adversity to adult health, and intergenerational transmissions of inequality via birthweight, this study tests a chain of risk that originates within early adolescence, impacts young women's risky health behaviors in late adolescence/early adulthood and risky health behaviors during pregnancy, and ultimately decreases offspring's birthweight...
April 30, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733051/the-gender-job-satisfaction-paradox-and-the-dual-earner-society-are-women-still-making-work-family-trade-offs
#16
Anne Grönlund, Ida Öun
BACKGROUND: Despite their disadvantaged labour market position, women consistently report higher levels of job satisfaction than men. Researchers have attributed women's higher job satisfaction to their lower expectations, arguing that gender differences will fade away as women's labour market prospects improve. Others, however, argue that women are more contented than men because their jobs satisfy a need for family adaptions. OBJECTIVE: In this article, we put the hypotheses of transitions and trade-offs to a strong test, by comparing men and women with comparable human capital investments living in a country where women's employment is strongly supported by policies, practices and social norms...
2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731173/child-mortality-in-england-compared-with-sweden-a-birth-cohort-study
#17
Ania Zylbersztejn, Ruth Gilbert, Anders Hjern, Linda Wijlaars, Pia Hardelid
BACKGROUND: Child mortality is almost twice as high in England compared with Sweden. We aimed to establish the extent to which adverse birth characteristics and socioeconomic factors explain this difference. METHODS: We developed nationally representative cohorts of singleton livebirths between Jan 1, 2003, and Dec 31, 2012, using the Hospital Episode Statistics in England, and the Swedish Medical Birth Register in Sweden, with longitudinal follow-up from linked hospital admissions and mortality records...
May 3, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724984/a-study-on-the-korean-medicine-education-and-the-changes-in-the-traditional-korean-medicine-during-the-japanese-colonial-era-focused-on-the-korean-medicine-training-schools
#18
Yongyuan Huang
The modern education institutes play an important role in fostering professional talents, reproducing knowledge and studies, and forming the identities of certain academic fields and vocational communities. It is a matter of common knowledge that the absence of an official Korean medicine medical school during the Japanese colonial era was a severely disadvantageous factor in the aspects of academic progress, fostering follow-up personnel, and establishment of social capability. Therefore, the then Korean medicine circle put emphasis on inadequate official education institutes as the main factor behind oppression...
April 2018: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723272/ct-scan-exposure-in-spanish-children-and-young-adults-by-socioeconomic-status-cross-sectional-analysis-of-cohort-data
#19
Magda Bosch de Basea, Ana Espinosa, Mariona Gil, Jordi Figuerola, Marina Pardina, José Vilar, Elisabeth Cardis
Recent publications reported that children in disadvantaged areas undergo more CT scanning than others. The present study is aimed to assess the potential differences in CT imaging by socioeconomic status (SES) in Spanish young scanned subjects and if such differences vary with different indicators or different time point SES measurements. The associations between CT scanning and SES, and between the CT scan rate per patient and SES were investigated in the Spanish EPI-CT subcohort. Various SES indicators were studied to determine whether particular SES dimensions were more closely related to the probability of undergoing one or multiple CTs...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720162/uptake-of-health-checks-by-residents-from-the-danish-social-housing-sector-a-register-based-cross-sectional-study-of-patient-characteristics-in-the-your-life-your-health-program
#20
Lars Bruun Larsen, Annelli Sandbaek, Janus Laust Thomsen, Anne-Louise Bjerregaard
BACKGROUND: Poor uptake among socio-economically disadvantaged and susceptible populations is a well-known challenge of general health check interventions, and is widely cited as one of the reasons for the lack of population level effects seen in many studies. We report on patient characteristics among attendees and non-attendees of health checks made available to residents in the social housing sector of the municipality of Aarhus. We focus on this general population, as well as a particular sub-group living in an exceptionally deprived social housing area, and discuss the properties of intervention uptake that we need to be aware of to qualify and compare the effects of general versus targeted health checks in socially deprived areas...
May 2, 2018: BMC Public Health
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