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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150752/women-s-reproductive-health-in-sociocultural-context
#1
EDITORIAL
Yael Benyamini, Irina Todorova
PURPOSE: The special issue on Women's Reproductive Health in Cultural Context covers multiple dimensions of women's reproductive health and how it might be shaped by cultural meanings, social and gender inequities, and power differentials, employing a variety of methodological approaches. On the one hand, it aims to bring to the forefront the conversation about how women's health is uniquely experienced and constructed in local settings, and on the other hand, it aims to draw broader conclusions from a perspective of interconnectedness of women and the shared issues that they face...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149091/social-environment-and-hospitalisation-after-release-from-prison-a-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Alexander D Love, Stuart A Kinner, Jesse T Young
This study examined the association between remoteness and area disadvantage, and the rate of subsequent hospitalisation, in a cohort of adults released from prisons in Queensland. A baseline survey of 1267 adult prisoners within 6 weeks of expected release was prospectively linked with hospital, mortality and reincarceration records. Postcodes were used to assign remoteness and area disadvantage categories. Multivariate Andersen-Gill regression models were fitted to test for associations between remoteness, area disadvantage and hospitalisation after release from prison...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148198/ear-nose-and-throat-surgery-all-you-need-to-know-about-the-surgical-approach-to-the-management-of-middle-ear-effusions-in-australian-indigenous-and-non-indigenous-children
#3
REVIEW
Kelvin Kong, Francis J Lannigan, Peter S Morris, Amanda J Leach, Stephen J O'Leary
Otitis media (OM) is a common condition in Australia. It represents a spectrum of diseases from otitis media with effusion (OME) to chronic suppurative otitis media. For all the OM diagnoses, Australian Indigenous children have higher rates of early onset, severe and persistent disease. OME is the most common form of OM and often occurs after an upper respiratory tract infection. It can be difficult to diagnose (and often goes unrecognised). Hearing loss is the most important complication. The middle-ear effusion impedes the movement of the tympanic membrane and causes a conductive hearing loss of around 25 dB...
November 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143547/from-individual-to-global-human-rights-and-aphasia
#4
Deborah Hersh
This commentary marks the 70th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights by examining Article 19 and its application to people with aphasia. This group of people still face lack of access, stigmatisation, exclusion, disadvantage and social withdrawal as well as poor public awareness of aphasia and inadequate prioritisation of support and resources. Nevertheless, a range of creative initiatives at individual, healthcare, local community, national and global levels have helped to connect and empower people with aphasia...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143237/john-henryism-gender-and-self-reported-health-among-roma-gypsies-in-serbia
#5
Jelena Čvorović, Sherman A James
We describe how self-reported health (SRH) varies with gender and John Henryism (a strong behavioral predisposition to engage in high-effort coping to overcome adversity) in a low income sample of Serbian Roma. Data were collected in 2016 in several Roma settlements around Belgrade, Serbia. The sample consisted of 90 men and 112 women. In addition to John Henryism (JH), measured by a Serbian version of the John Henryism Scale, demographic data and data on SRH and family relationships dynamics were collected...
November 15, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136756/-the-advance-of-detection-technology-of-hiv-self-testing
#6
L Yan, P P Xiao, H J Yan, X P Huan, G F Fu, J J Li, H T Yang
At present, China's AIDS testing increased rapidly, but there are still many people living with HIV do not recognize their status, thus postponing the antiviral treatment time. HIV self-testing (HST) is an effective method to expand the testing, not only simple operation, easy to get a result, effectively protect the detection privacy, expand the selection of testers, suit to the entire population, but also the premise and basis of other AIDS comprehensive prevention measures, all over the world are promoting it...
November 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135957/dietary-supplement-use-among-australian-adults-findings-from-the-2011-2012-national-nutrition-and-physical-activity-survey
#7
Alissa J Burnett, Katherine M Livingstone, Julie L Woods, Sarah A McNaughton
(1) Background: Supplement use is prevalent worldwide; however, there are limited studies examining the characteristics of people who take supplements in Australia. This study aimed to investigate the demographics, lifestyle habits and health status of supplement users; (2) Methods: Adults aged >19 years (n = 4895) were included from the 2011-2012 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey (NNPAS). A supplement user was defined as anyone who took one or more supplements on either of two 24-h dietary recalls...
November 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132618/telehealth-attitudes-and-use-among-medical-professionals-medical-students-and-patients-in-china-a-cross-sectional-survey
#8
Peiran Chen, Lihong Xiao, Zhongping Gou, Liangcheng Xiang, Xinxing Zhang, Ping Feng
BACKGROUND: Telehealth aims to revolutionize health care by migrating health care from hospitals and satellite clinics directly into the home and onto mobile devices. Telehealth has the potential to increase public access to healthcare in China, where large segments of the population remain underserved, yet little is known about current attitudes and use of telehealth in the country. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to determine attitudes and use of telehealth in China among medical professionals and patients, as well as identify factors that may affect its use...
December 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132364/-i-m-not-strong-enough-i-m-not-good-enough-i-can-t-do-this-i-m-failing-a-qualitative-study-of-low-socioeconomic-status-smokers-experiences-with-accesssing-cessation-support-and-the-role-for-alternative-technology-based-support
#9
Veronica C Boland, Richard P Mattick, Hayden McRobbie, Mohammad Siahpush, Ryan J Courtney
BACKGROUND: The social gradient in smoking rates persist with an overrepresentation of smoking and its associated harms concentrated within lower socioeconomic status (SES) populations. Low-SES smokers are motivated to quit but face multiple barriers when engaging a quit attempt. An understanding of the current treatment service model from the perspectives of treatment-seeking low-SES smokers is needed to inform the design of alternative smoking cessation support services tailored to the needs of low-SES populations...
November 13, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132286/the-gendered-experiences-of-children-in-child-headed-households-in-swaziland
#10
Nozipho Mkhatshwa
This study investigated the gender dynamics of living in child-headed households (CHHs) in a rural area in Swaziland that experiences high levels of drought, poverty and HIV and AIDS. Using a qualitative research methodology, the study examined ways in which children in CHHs meet their daily family needs and address their vulnerabilities according to their gender, focusing on the experiences of the children. The study sample consisted of 10 households, with 5 boy and 5 girl-headed households from the chiefdoms within the area...
December 2017: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127850/-it-s-gym-like-g-y-m-not-j-i-m-exploring-the-role-of-place-in-the-gendering-of-physical-activity
#11
Stephanie E Coen, Mark W Rosenberg, Joyce Davidson
Physical activity is a highly gendered health behaviour, with women less likely than men to meet internationally accepted physical activity guidelines. In this article, we take up recent arguments on the potential of indoor spaces to illuminate processes shaping health, together with social theories of gender, to conceptualize the place of the gym as a window into understanding and intervening in wider gender disparities in physical activity. Using a triangulated strategy of qualitative methods, including semi-structured interviews, drawing, and journaling with men and women in a mid-sized Canadian city, we examine how gender influences exercise practices and mobilities in gym environments...
November 2, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126458/epidemiology-of-hypertension-in-fulani-indigenous-populations-age-gender-and-drivers
#12
Clement Kufe Nyuyki, George Ngufor, George Mbeh, Jean Claude Mbanya
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a public health problem and the main contributor to cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. Little is known about hypertension among the minority, diverse and socially disadvantaged 23-24 million Fulani/Peul populations dispersed in West, Central and East Africa, undergoing a transition from traditional to transitional and modern lifestyle. This study describes age and gender variations in blood pressure and drivers of hypertension among rural Fulani population of Cameroon...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126149/-they-re-thinking-well-it-s-not-as-bad-i-probably-won-t-get-addicted-to-that-but-it-s-still-got-the-nicotine-in-it-so%C3%A2-maturity-control-and-socialising-negotiating-identities-in-relation-to-smoking-and-vaping-a-qualitative-study-of-young-adults-in-scotland
#13
Mark Lucherini, Catriona Rooke, Amanda Amos
Objective: To explore the understandings of and engagement with e-cigarettes, of young adults from disadvantaged backgrounds, and how these may be impacting upon existing smoking identities. Methods: Twenty-two small group and 11 individual qualitative interviews conducted in Central Scotland with 72 16-24 year olds between September 2015 and April 2016. Participants were mostly smokers and ex-smokers from socio-economically disadvantaged backgrounds. Results: While most participants had tried e-cigarettes, they generally held ambivalent views about e-cigarettes and vaping...
November 4, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121873/barriers-to-hpv-self-sampling-and-cytology-among-low-income-indigenous-women-in-rural-areas-of-a-middle-income-setting-a-qualitative-study
#14
Betania Allen-Leigh, Patricia Uribe-Zúñiga, Leith León-Maldonado, Brandon J Brown, Attila Lörincz, Jorge Salmeron, Eduardo Lazcano-Ponce
BACKGROUND: Data is needed about barriers to self-collection of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) samples and cytology among low-income, disadvantaged women living in rural areas of lower-income countries as these women are at increased risk of cervical cancer mortality. METHODS: Individual interviews (n = 29), focus groups (n = 7, 5-11 participants) and discussion groups (n = 2, 18-25 participants) were organized with women from three indigenous ethnic groups residing in rural areas in Mexico, after they were provided with free, self-sampled HPV tests...
November 9, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119823/maternal-depressive-symptoms-and-child-nutritional-status-a-cross-sectional-study-in-socially-disadvantaged-pakistani-community
#15
Qamar Saeed, Nadia Shah, Sumera Inam, Kashif Shafique
Malnutrition is a primary cause of child morbidity and mortality. The effects of maternal depressive symptoms on children's health, especially their nutritional status, have received less attention in developing countries but needs to be evaluated to understand the public health implications of maternal depression. The aim of the current study was to investigate the association between maternal depressive symptoms and children's nutritional status using data from low socioeconomic community in Pakistan. Maternal depressive symptoms defined as Aga Khan University Anxiety and Depression Scale score of 20 or greater was assessed for mothers with children under two years of age...
September 2017: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119547/interventions-to-improve-access-to-cataract-surgical-services-and-their-impact-on-equity-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#16
REVIEW
Jacqueline Ramke, Jennifer Petkovic, Vivian Welch, Ilse Blignault, Clare Gilbert, Karl Blanchet, Robin Christensen, Anthony B Zwi, Peter Tugwell
BACKGROUND: Cataract is the leading cause of blindness in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), and the prevalence is inequitably distributed between and within countries. Interventions have been undertaken to improve cataract surgical services, however, the effectiveness of these interventions on promoting equity is not known. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects on equity of interventions to improve access to cataract services for populations with cataract blindness (and visual impairment) in LMICs...
November 9, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117730/difficulty-and-independence-in-shopping-among-older-americans-more-than-just-leaving-the-house
#17
Allison B Brenner, Philippa J Clarke
BACKGROUND: The built, social and economic environments are associated with disability, but knowledge of how these environmental characteristics simultaneously influence older adults' ability to shop independently is limited. OBJECTIVE: We investigated cross-sectional associations between the outdoor home, local neighborhood and macrosocioeconomic levels of the environment and shopping difficulty and interactions between environmental factors and shopping difficulty...
November 9, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117264/obesity-and-the-burden-of-health-risks-among-the-elderly-in-ghana-a-population-study
#18
Godfred O Boateng, Ellis A Adams, Mavis Odei Boateng, Isaac N Luginaah, Mary-Margaret Taabazuing
BACKGROUND: The causes and health risks associated with obesity in young people have been extensively documented, but elderly obesity is less well understood, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. This study examines the relationship between obesity and the risk of chronic diseases, cognitive impairment, and functional disability among the elderly in Ghana. It highlights the social and cultural dimensions of elderly obesity and discusses the implications of related health risks using a socio-ecological model...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114865/the-politics-of-nationalism-and-white-racism-in-the-uk
#19
Magne Flemmen, Mike Savage
This paper considers the contemporary significance of white racism and its association with nationalist sentiment amongst a cohort late middle aged white Britons, using survey responses and qualitative interviews from the 1958 National Child Development Study. We have shown that although overt racism is very limited, a substantial minority of white Britons display ambivalent feelings which have the potential to be mobilised in racist directions. We argue against the view that disadvantaged white working class respondents are especially xenophobic, and show that racist views are not strongly associated with social position...
November 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111450/interpersonal-dysfunction-in-borderline-personality-a-decision-neuroscience-perspective
#20
REVIEW
Michael N Hallquist, Nathan T Hall, Alison M Schreiber, Alexandre Y Dombrovski
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is characterized by disadvantageous decisions that are often expressed in close relationships and associated with intense negative emotions. Although functional neuroimaging studies of BPD have described regions associated with altered social cognition and emotion processing, these correlates do not inform an understanding of how brain activity leads to maladaptive choices. Drawing on recent research, we argue that formal models of decision-making are crucial to elaborating theories of BPD that bridge psychological constructs, behavior, and neural systems...
September 23, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
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