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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453655/multiple-old-ages-the-influence-of-social-context-on-women-s-aging-anxiety
#1
Anne E Barrett, Erica L Toothman
Objectives: Dominant views of aging generate anxiety for many adults-especially women, who face greater disadvantages in later life compared with men. However, little is known about changes in these concerns over time and their variation across women. Employing a feminist perspective on age relations, our study examines three social contexts affecting women's aging anxiety-social location, health, and social relationships. Method: Using a sample of women (n = 905) from Midlife in the United States (1995-1996; 2004-2006), logistic regression models examine predictors of over-time patterns in three aging anxiety sources-declining attractiveness, declining health, and reproductive aging...
April 27, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448482/diabetes-self-management-education-programs-in-nonmetropolitan-counties-united-states-2016
#2
Stephanie A Rutledge, Svetlana Masalovich, Rachel J Blacher, Magon M Saunders
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Diabetes self-management education (DSME) is a clinical practice intended to improve preventive practices and behaviors with a focus on decision-making, problem-solving, and self-care. The distribution and correlates of established DSME programs in nonmetropolitan counties across the United States have not been previously described, nor have the characteristics of the nonmetropolitan counties with DSME programs. REPORTING PERIOD: July 2016. DESCRIPTION OF SYSTEMS: DSME programs recognized by the American Diabetes Association or accredited by the American Association of Diabetes Educators (i...
April 28, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448174/a-school-based-peer-led-social-marketing-intervention-to-engage-spanish-adolescents-in-a-healthy-lifestyle-we-are-cool-som-la-pera-study-a-parallel-cluster-randomized-controlled-study
#3
Magaly Aceves-Martins, Elisabet Llauradó, Lucia Tarro, David Moriña, Ignasi Papell-Garcia, Jordi Prades-Tena, Helle Kettner-Høeberg, Francesc Puiggròs, Lluís Arola, Amy Davies, Montse Giralt, Rosa Solà
BACKGROUND: Encouraging adolescents to adopt healthy lifestyles can be challenging. The aim of the "Som la Pera" study was to engage adolescents by applying new strategies to increase both their fruit and vegetable consumption and their physical activity (PA) while reducing their sedentary behavior. METHODS: In disadvantaged neighborhoods of Reus (Spain), two high schools were randomly assigned to the intervention (n = 170 adolescents 13- to 16-year-olds) and two were assigned to the control group (n = 223 adolescents 13- to 16-year-olds)...
April 27, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446105/evaluating-methods-of-correcting-for-multiple-comparisons-implemented-in-spm12-in-social-neuroscience-fmri-studies-an-example-from-moral-psychology
#4
Hyemin Han, Andrea L Glenn
In fMRI research, the goal of correcting for multiple comparisons is to identify areas of activity that reflect true effects, and thus would be expected to replicate in future studies. Finding an appropriate balance between trying to minimize false positives (Type I error) while not being too stringent and omitting true effects (Type II error) can be challenging. Furthermore, the advantages and disadvantages of these types of errors may differ for different areas of study. In many areas of social neuroscience that involve complex processes and considerable individual differences, such as the study of moral judgment, effects are typically smaller and statistical power weaker, leading to the suggestion that less stringent corrections that allow for more sensitivity may be beneficial, but also result in more false positives...
April 27, 2017: Social Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445580/the-influence-of-social-support-and-coping-on-quality-of-life-among-elderly-with-age-related-hearing-loss
#5
Sarah Moser, Wolfgang Luxenberger, Wolfgang Freidl
Purpose: The consequences of hearing loss hinder the everyday life of older adults and are associated with reduced well-being. The research aim was to explore the influence of hearing problems, various coping strategies, and perceived social support on quality of life. Method: Sixty-five older adults with age-related hearing loss (≥55 years) in Austria participated and completed a paper-pencil survey with standardized questionnaires: Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly (Ventry and Weinstein, 1982), Assessment for Coping and Stress (Laireiter, 1997), short form of the Social Support Questionnaire (Fydrich, Sommer, Tydecks, & Brähler, 2009), and World Health Organization Quality of Life Scale-Brief Version (World Health Organization, 1996)...
April 26, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444552/income-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-prostate-cancer-patients-over-a-one-year-period-after-radical-prostatectomy-a-linear-mixed-model-analysis
#6
Jens Klein, Daniel Lüdecke, Kerstin Hofreuter-Gätgens, Margit Fisch, Markus Graefen, Olaf von dem Knesebeck
PURPOSE: To examine income-related disparities in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) over a one-year period after surgery (radical prostatectomy) and its contributory factors in a longitudinal perspective. Evidence of associations between income and HRQOL among patients with prostate cancer (PCa) is sparse and their explanations still remain unclear. METHODS: 246 males of two German hospitals filled out a questionnaire at the time of acute treatment, 6 and 12 months later...
April 25, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441941/effect-of-previous-utilization-and-out-of-pocket-expenditure-on-subsequent-utilization-of-a-state-led-public-private-partnership-scheme-chiranjeevi-yojana-to-promote-facility-births-in-gujarat-india
#7
Sandul Yasobant, Hemant Deepak Shewade, Kranti Suresh Vora, Kristi Sidney Annerstedt, Petros Isaakidis, Nishith B Dholakia, Dileep V Mavalankar
BACKGROUND: In Gujarat, India, a state led public private partnership scheme to promote facility birth named Chiranjeevi Yojana (CY) was implemented in 2005. Institutional birth is provided free of cost at accredited private health facilities to women from socially disadvantaged groups (eligible women). CY has contributed in increasing facility birth and providing substantially subsidized (but not totally free) birth care; however, the retention of mothers in this scheme in subsequent child birth is unknown...
April 25, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441098/how-robust-are-value-judgments-of-health-inequality-aversion-testing-for-framing-and-cognitive-effects
#8
Shehzad Ali, Aki Tsuchiya, Miqdad Asaria, Richard Cookson
BACKGROUND: Empirical studies have found that members of the public are inequality averse and value health gains for disadvantaged groups with poor health many times more highly than gains for better off groups. However, these studies typically use abstract scenarios that involve unrealistically large reductions in health inequality and face-to-face survey administration. It is not known how robust these findings are to more realistic scenarios or anonymous online survey administration...
April 1, 2017: Medical Decision Making: An International Journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439183/race-ethnic-disparities-in-hospital-arrival-time-after-ischemic-stroke
#9
Mellanie V Springer, Daniel L Labovitz, Ethan C Hochheiser
OBJECTIVE: Conflicting reports exist about hospital arrival time after stroke onset in Hispanics compared with African Americans and Caucasians. Our current study investigates race-ethnic disparities in hospital arrival times after stroke onset. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of hospital arrival times in Hispanic, African American, and Caucasian acute ischemic stroke patients (N=1790) presenting to a tertiary-care hospital in the Bronx, New York...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439179/big-data-science-opportunities-and-challenges-to-address-minority-health-and-health-disparities-in-the-21st-century
#10
Xinzhi Zhang, Eliseo J Pérez-Stable, Philip E Bourne, Emmanuel Peprah, O Kenrik Duru, Nancy Breen, David Berrigan, Fred Wood, James S Jackson, David W S Wong, Joshua Denny
Addressing minority health and health disparities has been a missing piece of the puzzle in Big Data science. This article focuses on three priority opportunities that Big Data science may offer to the reduction of health and health care disparities. One opportunity is to incorporate standardized information on demographic and social determinants in electronic health records in order to target ways to improve quality of care for the most disadvantaged populations over time. A second opportunity is to enhance public health surveillance by linking geographical variables and social determinants of health for geographically defined populations to clinical data and health outcomes...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437694/the-benefits-of-paid-maternity-leave-for-mothers-post-partum-health-and-wellbeing-evidence-from-an-australian-evaluation
#11
Belinda Hewitt, Lyndall Strazdins, Bill Martin
This paper investigates the health effects of the introduction of a near universal paid parental leave (PPL) scheme in Australia, representing a natural social policy experiment. Along with gender equity and workforce engagement, a goal of the scheme (18 weeks leave at the minimum wage rate) was to enhance the health and wellbeing of mothers and babies. Although there is evidence that leave, especially paid leave, can benefit mothers' health post-partum, the potential health benefits of implementing a nationwide scheme have rarely been investigated...
April 14, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433324/stakeholder-views-on-criteria-and-processes-for-priority-setting-in-norway-a-qualitative-study
#12
Jeremy M Aidem
Since 2013, Norway has engaged in political processes to revise criteria for priority setting. These processes have yielded key efficiency and equity criteria, but excluded potentially relevant social values. This study describes the views of 27 stakeholders in Norway's health system regarding a wider set of priority-setting criteria and procedural characteristics. Between January and February 2016, semi-structured interviews and focus groups were conducted with a purposive sample of policymakers, hospital administrators, practitioners, university students and seniors...
April 12, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432735/perinatal-outcomes-among-young-indigenous-australian-mothers-a-cross-sectional-study-and-comparison-with-adult-indigenous-mothers
#13
Malinda Steenkamp, Jacqueline Boyle, Sue Kildea, Vivienne Moore, Michael Davies, Alice Rumbold
BACKGROUND: The teenage pregnancy rate is high among Indigenous Australian women, yet little is known about their pregnancy outcomes. Moreover, against a background of extreme social disadvantage, the relative importance of age as a risk factor for adverse outcomes among Indigenous pregnancies is unclear. We compared perinatal outcomes for Indigenous teenagers (<20 years) with adult Indigenous women (20-34 years), and described outcomes in subgroups of teenagers. METHODS: Data were analyzed for 2421 singleton births to Indigenous women aged <35 years in Australia's Northern Territory from 2003 to 2005...
April 22, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431153/trends-in-absolute-and-relative-educational-inequalities-in-adult-smoking-since-the-early-2000s-the-case-of-germany
#14
Jens Hoebel, Benjamin Kuntz, Lars E Kroll, Jonas D Finger, Johannes Zeiher, Cornelia Lange, Thomas Lampert
Introduction: Since the early 2000s, several tobacco control policies have been implemented in Germany. Current research is inconsistent about how strengthening tobacco control can affect social inequalities in smoking. This study examines whether educational inequalities in adult smoking have widened in Germany since 2003. Methods: Data were used from four cross-sectional national health surveys conducted between 2003-2012 (n=54,197; age=25-69 years). Participants who smoked daily or occasionally were classified as smokers...
April 18, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430128/environmental-tobacco-smoke-exposure-and-smoke-free-rules-in-homes-among-socially-disadvantaged-populations-in-poland
#15
Katarzyna Milcarz, Leokadia Bak-Romaniszyn, Dorota Kaleta
This study aims to examine the prevalence of exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) in homes among socially-disadvantaged populations in Poland, along with the prevalence and correlates of voluntary implementation of smoke-free home rules. Data concerning 1617 respondents from a cross-sectional study completed in the Piotrkowski District were used, which was part of the "Reducing Social Inequalities in Health" program. Overall, 19.4% of the respondents declared exposure to ETS at home. In the non-smokers group, 15...
April 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429485/the-place-of-periodontal-examination-and-referral-in-general-medicine
#16
REVIEW
Samuel Chan, Graham M Pasternak, Malcolm J West
In many countries, dental services, unlike other health-care services, are not covered by the principle of universal access. It is only in the last couple of decades that there has been a greater interaction between medicine and dentistry. Various health-care systems worldwide may provide public dental services to the young and the disadvantaged, but few provide access to all. Public policy does not appear to appreciate the vast economic, health and social implications of poor oral health on the overall health of an individual...
June 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427388/movement-cognition-and-narration-of-the-emotions-treatment-versus-standard-speech-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-children-with-borderline-intellectual-functioning-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
V Blasi, G Baglio, F Baglio, M P Canevini, M Zanette
BACKGROUND: Borderline intellectual functioning (BIF) is defined as a "health meta-condition… characterized by various cognitive dysfunctions associated with an intellectual quotient (IQ) between 71 and 85 which determines a deficit in the individual's functioning both in the restriction of activities and in the limitation of social participation". It can be caused by many factors, including a disadvantaged background and prematurity. BIF affects 7-12% of primary school children that show academic difficulties due to poor executive functioning...
April 20, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424157/childhood-adversity-and-risk-of-suicide-cohort-study-of-548%C3%A2-721-adolescents-and-young-adults-in-sweden
#18
Charlotte Björkenstam, Kyriaki Kosidou, Emma Björkenstam
Objective To examine the relation between childhood adversity, the role of school performance, and childhood psychopathology and the risk of suicide.Design Cohort study of register based indicators of childhood adversity (at ages 0-14) including death in the family (suicide analysed separately), parental substance abuse, parental psychiatric disorder, substantial parental criminality, parental separation/single parent household, receipt of public assistance, and residential instability.Setting Swedish medical birth register and various Swedish population based registers...
April 19, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423820/the-invisibility-of-disadvantage-why-do-we-not-notice
#19
Chris Showell, Elizabeth Cummings, Paul Turner
Personal health records (PHRs) offer tantalising benefits for patients and healthcare providers, including improvements in patient-provider communication, patient empowerment, and access to data and information. A suspicion that disadvantaged patients are less likely to use or benefit from PHRs stimulated a research agenda that included: (a) a literature review; and (b) empirical analysis of eight years' hospital admission and discharge data linked to measures of patient social disadvantage. The results demonstrated an association between disadvantage, increased use of public hospital services and barriers to PHR use...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422454/childhood-maltreatment-and-adulthood-poor-sleep-quality-a-longitudinal-study
#20
Amanuel Alemu Abajobir, Steve Kisely, Gail Williams, Lane Strathearn, Jake Moses Najman
BACKGROUND: Available evidence from cross-sectional studies suggests that childhood maltreatment may be associated with a range of sleep disorders. However, these studies have not controlled for potential individual, familial and environmental level confounders. AIM: To determine the association between childhood maltreatment and lower sleep quality, after adjusting for potential confounders. METHODS: Data for the present study are from a pre-birth cohort study of 3778 young adults (52...
April 19, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
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