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Perinatal mental health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776800/risk-of-emergency-hospital-admission-in-children-associated-with-mental-disorders-and-alcohol-misuse-in-the-household-an-electronic-birth-cohort-study
#1
Shantini Paranjothy, Annette Evans, Amrita Bandyopadhyay, David Fone, Behnaz Schofield, Ann John, Mark A Bellis, Ronan A Lyons, Daniel Farewell, Sara Jayne Long
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders and alcohol misuse are common in families but their effects on the physical health of children are not known. We investigated the risk of emergency hospital admissions during childhood associated with living with an adult who has a mental health disorder, or who had an alcohol-related hospital admission. METHODS: We did this cohort study in a total population electronic child cohort in Wales, UK, which includes all children who live in Wales or with a mother who is resident in Wales...
May 15, 2018: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776314/depression-in-perinatally-hiv-infected-pregnant-women-compared-to-non-perinatally-hiv-infected-and-hiv-uninfected-pregnant-women
#2
Ruth C Angrand, Rhoda Sperling, Kinga Roccobono, Lauren M Osborne, Jennifer Jao
"Depression (as noted in chart by a physician)" was compared between HIV infected pregnant women and controls. Perinatally HIV-infected (PHIV), non-perinatally HIV-infected (NPHIV), and HIV-uninfected (HIV-U) pregnant women were all compared using a logistic regression model. Overall, HIV-infected women had higher rates of depression than HIV-U, with PHIV women demonstrating a clinically and statistically significant increased risk compared to HIV-U women [adjusted OR: 15.9, 95% CI = 1.8-143.8]...
May 18, 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759082/barriers-to-identifying-eating-disorders-in-pregnancy-and-in-the-postnatal-period-a-qualitative-approach
#3
Amanda Bye, Jill Shawe, Debra Bick, Abigail Easter, Megan Kash-Macdonald, Nadia Micali
BACKGROUND: Eating Disorders (ED) are mental health disorders that typically effect women of childbearing age and are associated with adverse maternal and infant outcomes. UK healthcare guidance recommends routine enquiry for current and past mental illness in antenatal and postnatal care for all women, and that pregnant women with a known ED are offered enhanced monitoring and support. Midwives and health visitors are ideally placed to identify and support women with ED as they are often the primary point of contact during the antenatal and postnatal periods...
May 15, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757074/differences-in-screening-and-treatment-for-antepartum-versus-postpartum-patients-are-providers-implementing-the-guidelines-of-care-for-perinatal-depression
#4
Gina L Fedock, Carmen Alvarez
BACKGROUND: National guidelines recommend universal depression screening for perinatal patients and provide treatment recommendations to prevent adverse maternal/child health outcomes. However, providers rarely screen all patients, and most women with perinatal depression remain undertreated. This study investigated predictors of universal screening and guideline-congruent care for perinatal depression by obstetrician-gynecologists and examined differences in practices with pregnant and postpartum patients...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752225/mindfulness-based-programme-on-the-psychological-health-of-pregnant-women
#5
Wan-Lin Pan, Meei-Ling Gau, Tzu-Ying Lee, Hei-Jen Jou, Chieh-Yu Liu, Tzung-Kuen Wen
PROBLEM: Preparation of psychological well-being is an important component of antenatal education for childbirth, but few courses focus on this component. BACKGROUND: The psychosocial health of pregnant women is known to affect perinatal outcomes. Psychosocial stress in women has been associated with increased obstetric interventions and has been shown to affect the health of both mother and child. AIM: To explore the efficacy of an eight-week Mindfulness-Based Childbirth and Parenting programme on reducing prenatal stress, depression, mindfulness, and childbirth self-efficacy...
May 8, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729554/the-burden-of-personality-disorders-on-the-dsm-5-addiction-to-tobacco-during-pregnancy
#6
Ester di Giacomo, Fabrizia Colmegna, Francesca Pescatore, Flora Aspesi, Maria Fotiadou, Massimo Clerici
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking is a major health concern. Many women smoke during their reproductive years, some of them during their pregnancy. Adverse outcomes for the newborns physical health are well recognized, while the influence on their mental health is still under investigation. We aim at demonstrating the contribution of maternal personality disorders in maintaining addiction to tobacco during pregnancy, to underline their role and the need of their detection as a preventive effort...
April 25, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721624/human-and-economic-resources-for-empowerment-and-pregnancy-related-mental-health-in-the-arab-middle-east-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Laurie James-Hawkins, Eman Shaltout, Aasli Abdi Nur, Catherine Nasrallah, Yara Qutteina, Hanan F Abdul Rahim, Monique Hennink, Kathryn M Yount
This systematic review synthesizes research on the influence of human and economic resources for women's empowerment on their pre- and postnatal mental health, understudied in the Arab world. We include articles using quantitative methods from PubMed and Web of Science. Two researchers reviewed databases and selected articles, double reviewing 5% of articles designated for inclusion. Twenty-four articles met inclusion criteria. All 24 articles measured depression as an outcome, and three included additional mental health outcomes...
May 2, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709411/-we-don-t-want-to-be-judged-perceptions-about-professional-help-and-attitudes-towards-help-seeking-among-pregnant-and-postpartum-mexican-american-adolescents
#8
Pamela Recto, Jane Dimmitt Champion
PURPOSE: The purpose of this qualitative study is to understand how depression is recognized, as well as perceptions of professional help and attitudes concerning perinatal depression among pregnant and postpartum (perinatal) Mexican-American adolescents. DESIGN AND METHODS: This qualitative descriptive study used deductive and inductive content analysis to analyze data. Categories and subcategories describing the mental health literacy of perinatal Mexican-American adolescents concerning perinatal depression are presented...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701247/does-perinatal-exposure-to-exogenous-oxytocin-influence-child-behavioural-problems-and-autistic-like-behaviours-to-20-years-of-age
#9
A J Guastella, M N Cooper, C R H White, M K White, C E Pennell, A J O Whitehouse
BACKGROUND: The neuropeptide and hormone oxytocin is known to have a significant impact on social cognition and behaviour in humans. There is growing concern regarding the influence of exogenous oxytocin (OT) administration in early life on later social and emotional development, including autism spectrum disorder (ASD). No study has examined offspring development in relation to the dose of exogenous oxytocin administered during labour. METHODS: Between 1989 and 1992, 2,900 mothers were recruited prior to the 18th week of pregnancy, delivering 2,868 live offspring...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699557/emotional-violence-and-maternal-mental-health-a-qualitative-study-among-women-in-northern-vietnam
#10
Trần Thơ Nhị, Nguyễn Thị Thúy Hạnh, Tine M Gammeltoft
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy is a pressing and prevalent public health problem. Existing research has found close associations between IPV and perinatal mental health, yet little is known about women's own perceptions of these associations. This study aimed to explore Vietnamese women's experiences of emotional partner violence and their perceptions of the implications of such violence for their mental health. METHODS: The data were collected through in-depth interviews with 20 women living in Hanoi, Vietnam who had reported exposure to emotional partner violence and attained high depression scores in a prospective cohort study...
April 24, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696491/dusukasi-the-heart-that-cries-an-idiom-of-mental-distress-among-perinatal-women-in-rural-mali
#11
Molly E Lasater, Madeleine Beebe, Nicole E Warren, Fatoumata Souko, Mariam Keita, Sarah E Murray, Judith K Bass, Pamela J Surkan, Peter J Winch
Perinatal mental health problems such as depression and anxiety are prevalent in low and middle-income countries. In Mali, the lack of mental health care is compounded by few studies on mental health needs, including in the perinatal period. This paper examines the ways in which perinatal women experience and express mental distress in rural Mali. We describe a process, relying on several different qualitative research methods, to identify understandings of mental distress specific to the Malian context. Participants included perinatal women, maternal health providers, and community health workers in rural southwest Mali...
April 25, 2018: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694970/repetitive-negative-thinking-and-its-role-in-perinatal-mental-health
#12
Michelle L Moulds, Melissa J Black, Jill M Newby, Colette R Hirsch
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that anxiety is common, perhaps even more prevalent than depression, in the post-partum period. In this review we propose adopting a transdiagnostic approach to perinatal mental health: to delineate psychopathology and identify potential underlying cognitive mechanisms such as repetitive negative thinking (RNT). SAMPLING AND METHODS: We provide an overview of key studies of RNT in perinatal mental health and suggest directions for future work...
April 25, 2018: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684795/screening-for-postpartum-anxiety-a-quality-improvement-project-to-promote-the-screening-of-women-suffering-in-silence
#13
Sarah Toler, Susan Stapleton, Kim Kertsburg, Tiffany J Callahan, Marie Hastings-Tolsma
BACKGROUND: Postpartum anxiety is a mental health problem that has largely been ignored by maternity care providers despite an estimated incidence as high as 28.9%. Though postpartum anxiety may or may not be accompanied by depression, and while screening for postpartum depression has become more common place, postpartum anxiety is often not assessed or addressed. PURPOSE: The purpose of this pilot quality improvement project was to implement a screening, treatment and referral program for postpartum anxiety in the birth centre environment...
April 3, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669175/antidepressants-for-preventing-postnatal-depression
#14
REVIEW
Emma Molyneaux, Laurence A Telesia, Carol Henshaw, Elizabeth Boath, Eleanor Bradley, Louise M Howard
BACKGROUND: Depression is common in the postnatal period and can lead to adverse effects on the infant and wider family, in addition to the morbidity for the mother. It is not clear whether antidepressants are effective for the prevention of postnatal depression and little is known about possible adverse effects for the mother and infant, particularly during breastfeeding. This is an update of a Cochrane Review last published in 2005. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of antidepressant medication for the prevention of postnatal depression, in comparison with any other treatment, placebo or standard care...
April 18, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667718/trajectories-of-psychopathology-in-extremely-low-birth-weight-survivors-from-early-adolescence-to-adulthood-a-20-year-longitudinal-study
#15
Ryan J Van Lieshout, Mark A Ferro, Louis A Schmidt, Michael H Boyle, Saroj Saigal, Katherine M Morrison, Karen J Mathewson
BACKGROUND: Individuals born extremely preterm are exposed to significant perinatal stresses that are associated with an increased risk of psychopathology. However, a paucity of longitudinal studies has prevented the empirical examination of long-term, dynamic effects of perinatal adversity on mental health. Here, internalizing and externalizing problems from adolescence through adulthood were compared in individuals born at extremely low birth weight (ELBW; <1,000 g) and normal birth weight (NBW; >2,500 g)...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652937/trajectories-of-maternal-depressive-symptoms-during-pregnancy-and-the-first-12-months-postpartum-and-child-externalizing-and-internalizing-behavior-at-three-years
#16
Dawn Kingston, Heather Kehler, Marie-Paule Austin, Muhammad Kashif Mughal, Abdul Wajid, Lydia Vermeyden, Karen Benzies, Stephanie Brown, Scott Stuart, Rebecca Giallo
BACKGROUND: Most evidence of the association between maternal depression and children's development is limited by being cross-sectional. To date, few studies have modelled trajectories of maternal depressive symptoms from pregnancy through the early postpartum years and examined their association with social emotional and behavior functioning in preschool children. The objectives of this study were to: 1) identify distinct groups of women defined by their trajectories of depressive symptoms across four time points from mid-pregnancy to one year postpartum; and 2) examine the associations between these trajectories and child internalizing and externalizing behaviors...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642868/adaptation-of-an-evidence-based-postpartum-depression-intervention-feasibility-and-acceptability-of-mothers-and-babies-1-on-1
#17
S Darius Tandon, Julie A Leis, Erin A Ward, Hannah Snyder, Tamar Mendelson, Deborah F Perry, Mya Carter, Jaime Hamil, Huynh-Nhu Le
BACKGROUND: Mothers and Babies (MB) is a cognitive-behavioral intervention with demonstrated efficacy in reducing depressive symptoms and preventing depressive episodes among perinatal women when delivered in a group format by mental health professionals. Study aims were to describe the adaptation of MB into a 1-on-1 modality (MB 1-on-1) and provide data on the adapted intervention's acceptability and feasibility. METHODS: Seventy-five home visitors trained on MB 1-on-1 delivered the 15-session intervention to 1-2 clients...
April 11, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604550/trajectories-of-maternal-stress-and-anxiety-from-pregnancy-to-three-years-and-child-development-at-3-years-of-age-findings-from-the-all-our-families-aof-pregnancy-cohort
#18
Muhammad Kashif Mughal, Rebecca Giallo, Paul Arnold, Karen Benzies, Heather Kehler, Katherine Bright, Dawn Kingston
BACKGROUND: Existing literature on maternal distress has focused on stress and anxiety during the pregnancy or postnatally and their relationship with child development. However, few studies have investigated the association between maternal stress and anxiety symptoms over time and child development in preschool children. The aim of this study was to examine the association between trajectories of maternal stress and anxiety symptoms from mid-pregnancy to three years postpartum and child development at age three years...
July 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599395/exploring-factors-impacting-early-childhood-health-among-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-families-and-communities-protocol-for-a-population-based-cohort-study-using-data-linkage-the-defying-the-odds-study
#19
Bridgette McNamara, Lina Gubhaju, Louisa Jorm, David Preen, Jocelyn Jones, Grace Joshy, Carrington Shepherd, Daniel McAullay, Sandra Eades
INTRODUCTION: Empirical evidence on family and community risk and protective factors influencing the comparatively high rates of potentially preventable hospitalisations and deaths among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander infants and children is limited. As is evidence on geographical variation in these risks. The 'Defying the Odds' study aims to explore the impact of perinatal outcomes, maternal social and health outcomes and level of culturally secure service availability on the health outcomes of Western Australian (WA) Aboriginal infants and children aged 0-5 years...
March 28, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596074/psychological-impact-of-pregnancy-loss-best-practice-for-obstetric-providers
#20
Deborah Rich
Three overlapping areas of study form the foundation of the psychological impact of pregnancy loss: (1) transition to parenthood and the development of attachment, (2) perinatal mental health disorders, and (3) complicated grief. This article integrates findings from prominent lineages of theory to offer the obstetric provider an evidence-based framework for patient care. Current consensus across fields of study is that preexisting depression and anxiety are the strongest predictors of psychological functioning after loss and through the subsequent pregnancy...
March 28, 2018: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
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