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Perinatal mental health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203275/diagnostic-profiles-and-predictors-of-treatment-outcome-among-children-and-adolescents-attending-a-national-psychiatric-hospital-in-botswana
#1
Anthony A Olashore, Bechedza Frank-Hatitchki, Olorunfemi Ogunwobi
BACKGROUND: Attention is currently being drawn to child psychiatric care, most especially in the developed countries. This type of care is still rudimentary in the developing countries. Botswana is one of the African countries with good health care services but mental illness is given the low priority. Child and adolescent mental health care (CAMHC) is almost non-existent likely due to the dearth of research which would drive a policy change in this direction. Hence the need for this research as a step towards establishing a well-structured CAMHC...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190757/consensus-bundle-on-maternal-mental-health-perinatal-depression-and-anxiety
#2
Susan Kendig, John P Keats, M Camille Hoffman, Lisa B Kay, Emily S Miller, Tiffany A Moore Simas, Ariela Frieder, Barbara Hackley, Pec Indman, Christena Raines, Kisha Semenuk, Katherine L Wisner, Lauren A Lemieux
Perinatal mood and anxiety disorders are among the most common mental health conditions encountered by women of reproductive age. When left untreated, perinatal mood and anxiety disorders can have profound adverse effects on women and their children, ranging from increased risk of poor adherence to medical care, exacerbation of medical conditions, loss of interpersonal and financial resources, smoking and substance use, suicide, and infanticide. Perinatal mood and anxiety disorders are associated with increased risks of maternal and infant mortality and morbidity and are recognized as a significant patient safety issue...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182608/prevalence-and-clinical-attributes-of-congenital-microcephaly-new-york-2013-2015
#3
Krishika A Graham, Deborah J Fox, Achala Talati, Cristian Pantea, Laura Brady, Sondra L Carter, Eric Friedenberg, Neil M Vora, Marilyn L Browne, Christopher T Lee
Congenital Zika virus infection can cause microcephaly and other severe fetal neurological anomalies (1). To inform microcephaly surveillance efforts and assess ascertainment sources, the New York State Department of Health and the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene sought to determine the prevalence of microcephaly in New York during 2013-2015, before known importation of Zika virus infections. Suspected newborn microcephaly diagnoses were identified from 1) reports submitted by birth hospitals in response to a request and 2) queries of a hospital administrative discharge database for newborn microcephaly diagnoses...
February 10, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178041/consensus-bundle-on-maternal-mental-health-perinatal-depression-and-anxiety
#4
Susan Kendig, John P Keats, M Camille Hoffman, Lisa B Kay, Emily S Miller, Tiffany A Moore Simas, Ariela Frieder, Barbara Hackley, Pec Indman, Christena Raines, Kisha Semenuk, Katherine L Wisner, Lauren A Lemieux
Perinatal mood and anxiety disorders are among the most common mental health conditions encountered by women of reproductive age. When left untreated, perinatal mood and anxiety disorders can have profound adverse effects on women and their children, ranging from increased risk of poor adherence to medical care, exacerbation of medical conditions, loss of interpersonal and financial resources, smoking and substance use, suicide, and infanticide. Perinatal mood and anxiety disorders are associated with increased risks of maternal and infant mortality and morbidity and are recognized as a significant patient safety issue...
February 6, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168592/improving-perinatal-mental-health-care-for-women-veterans-description-of-a-quality-improvement-program
#5
Jodie G Katon, Lacey Lewis, Selma Hercinovic, Amanda McNab, John Fortney, Susan M Rose
Purpose We describe results from a quality improvement project undertaken to address perinatal mental healthcare for women veterans. Description This quality improvement project was conducted in a single VA healthcare system between 2012 and 2015 and included screening for depressive symptoms with the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) three times during the perinatal period, a dedicated maternity care coordinator (MCC), an on-site clinical social worker, and an on-site obstetrician/gynecologist (Ob/gyn)...
February 6, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160098/influence-of-exposure-to-perinatal-risk-factors-and-parental-mental-health-related-hospital-admission-on-adolescent-deliberate-self-harm-risk
#6
Nan Hu, Jianghong Li, Rebecca A Glauert, Catherine L Taylor
Adolescent deliberate self-harm (DSH) has been found to be associated with a range of bio-psycho-social factors. Simultaneous investigations of these factors enable more robust estimation of the independent effect of a specific risk factor by adjusting for a more complete set of covariates. However, few studies have had the ability to examine all of these factors together. This study used the linkage of population-level de-identified data collections from government agencies to investigate a range of biological, psychological, and social risk factors and their effects on adolescent risk of DSH (with or without suicidal intent)...
February 3, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141722/sudden-onset-of-refusal-to-eat-on-waking-after-a-nightmare-in-a-6-year-old-girl
#7
Maria Zaccagnino, Sheila Gahagan, Andrea Spencer, Michael Jellinek, Martin T Stein
Bridgette is a 6-year-old girl, who presented with sudden onset of refusal to eat or drink. The only precipitating event was a nightmare the previous night. She described a dream in which her mother and maternal aunt, dressed as witches, and father and maternal uncle, appearing as bats, wanted to kill her by making her eat and drink from a cauldron. Bridgette stated, "I can't eat anymore, I'm afraid of dying." Bridgette's eating pattern and behavior were described as previously normal. Motor, social, and language milestones were also normal...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138996/a-qualitative-investigation-in-the-role-of-the-baby-in-recovery-from-postpartum-psychosis
#8
Charlene Plunkett, Sarah Peters, Angelika Wieck, Anja Wittkowski
: Psychosis after childbirth is a rare but severe type of mental health difficulty experienced by perinatal women. Research has explored mothers' experiences of onset and recovery from psychosis after childbirth. This study explored the role of the baby in 12 mothers' experiences of recovery. A thematic analysis of the data identified three core themes that described the role of the baby in the mothers' recovery from psychosis after childbirth. Findings revealed that the baby was central to recovery, experienced by mothers as both helpful and unhelpful...
January 31, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137381/burden-risk-factors-and-comorbidities-of-behavioural-and-emotional-problems-in-kenyan-children-a-population-based-study
#9
Symon M Kariuki, Amina Abubakar, Martha Kombe, Michael Kazungu, Rachael Odhiambo, Alan Stein, Charles R J C Newton
BACKGROUND: Three-quarters of the burden of mental health problems occurs in low-and-middle-income countries, but few epidemiological studies of these problems in preschool children from sub-Saharan Africa have been published. Behavioural and emotional problems often start in early childhood, and this might be particularly important in Africa, where the incidence of perinatal and early risk factors is high. We therefore aimed to estimate the prevalence and risk factors of behavioural and emotional problems in young children in a rural area on the Kenyan coast...
February 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135275/validity-and-acceptability-of-kimberley-mum-s-mood-scale-to-screen-for-perinatal-anxiety-and-depression-in-remote-aboriginal-health-care-settings
#10
Julia V Marley, Jayne Kotz, Catherine Engelke, Melissa Williams, Donna Stephen, Sudha Coutinho, Stephanie K Trust
BACKGROUND: The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) is widely recommended for perinatal anxiety and depression screening. However, many Aboriginal women find EPDS language complex and confusing, and providers find using it with Aboriginal women challenging. The two part Kimberley Mum's Mood Scale (KMMS) was developed to improve screening: Part 1 is a Kimberley version of EPDS; Part 2 is a psychosocial tool that enables contextualisation of Part 1 scores. We aimed to determine if KMMS is a valid and acceptable method of identifying Kimberley Aboriginal perinatal women at risk of anxiety or depressive disorders compared to a semi-structured clinical interview...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125983/fathers-views-and-experiences-of-their-own-mental-health-during-pregnancy-and-the-first-postnatal-year-a-qualitative-interview-study-of-men-participating-in-the-uk-born-and-bred-in-yorkshire-baby-cohort
#11
Z Darwin, P Galdas, S Hinchliff, E Littlewood, D McMillan, L McGowan, S Gilbody
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of fathers' depression and anxiety in the perinatal period (i.e. from conception to 1 year after birth) is approximately 5-10%, and 5-15%, respectively; their children face increased risk of adverse emotional and behavioural outcomes, independent of maternal mental health. Critically, fathers can be protective against the development of maternal perinatal mental health problems and their effects on child outcomes. Preventing and treating paternal mental health problems and promoting paternal psychological wellbeing may therefore benefit the family as a whole...
January 26, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111188/the-emergence-of-functional-architecture-during-early-brain-development
#12
Kristin Keunen, Serena J Counsell, Manon J N L Benders
Early human brain development constitutes a sequence of intricate processes resulting in the ontogeny of functionally operative neural circuits. Developmental trajectories of early brain network formation are genetically programmed and can be modified by epigenetic and environmental influences. Such alterations may exert profound effects on neurodevelopment, potentially persisting throughout the lifespan. This review focuses on the critical period of fetal and early postnatal brain development. Here we collate findings from neuroimaging studies, with a particular focus on functional MRI research that interrogated early brain network development in both health and high-risk or disease states...
January 20, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105764/supporting-women-with-postpartum-anxiety-exploring-views-and-experiences-of-specialist-community-public-health-nurses-in-the-uk
#13
Miriam T Ashford, Susan Ayers, Ellinor K Olander
Anxiety is common among postpartum women and can have adverse effects on mother's and child's somatic and psychological health if left untreated. In the UK, nurses or midwifes with a specialisation in community public health nursing, also called health visitors (HVs), work with families who have children younger than 5 years of age and are therefore in a key position to identify and support women with postpartum mental health issues. Until recently, postpartum mental health support provided by HVs mainly focused on identifying and managing depression, but the updated clinical guidance by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence also includes guidance regarding screening and psychological interventions for perinatal anxiety...
January 20, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095461/the-impact-of-antenatal-depression-on-perinatal-outcomes-in-australian-women
#14
John Eastwood, Felix A Ogbo, Alexandra Hendry, Justine Noble, Andrew Page
BACKGROUND: In Australia, there is limited evidence on the impact of antenatal depression on perinatal outcomes. This study investigates the association between maternal depressive symptoms during pregnancy and key perinatal outcomes, including birth weight, gestational age at birth, breastfeeding indicators and postnatal depressive symptoms. METHOD: A retrospective cohort of mothers (N = 17,564) of all infants born in public health facilities within South Western Sydney Local Health District and Sydney Local Health District in 2014, in the state of New South Wales (NSW), Australia, was enumerated from routinely collected antenatal data to investigate the risk of adverse perinatal outcomes associated with maternal depressive symptoms during pregnancy...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078472/using-the-edinburgh-postnatal-depression-scale-for-women-and-men-some-cautionary-thoughts
#15
Stephen Matthey, Francesca Agostini
The objective of the study was to critically consider some of the possible limitations in the Edinburgh Depression Scale (EDS), given that great emphasis is put on the results of this measure within both clinical and research fields. Using findings and discussion points from other studies, as well as from a critical analysis of issues by the authors based upon their clinical and research experience, possible limitations with the scale in nine areas are discussed. Possible limitations include the following: (1) ambiguous items, (2) exclusion of certain types of distress, (3) scoring difficulties, (4) low positive predictive value, (5) frequent use of incorrect cut-off scores, (6) a vast array of validated cut-off scores, (7) validation against a questionable gold-standard, (8) limited anxiety detection and of depressive symptoms in men, and (9) many screen positive women only have transient distress...
January 11, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076674/trajectories-of-perinatal-depressive-and-anxiety-symptoms-in-a-community-cohort
#16
Hamideh Bayrampour, Lianne Tomfohr, Suzanne Tough
OBJECTIVE: The evidence on trajectories of perinatal depression is mostly based on studies composed of women at high risk for poor mental health. Research on maternal anxiety trajectories is also scarce. Using a large community cohort, the All Our Babies study, in Alberta, Canada, we examined trajectories of perinatal depressive and anxiety symptoms and compared characteristics of women across trajectories. METHODS: Anxiety and depressive symptoms were measured at the second and third trimesters and at 4 and 12 months postpartum among 1,445 women recruited between May 2008 and December 2010...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076671/a-randomized-trial-of-collaborative-care-for-perinatal-depression-in-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-women-the-impact-of-comorbid-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#17
Nancy K Grote, Wayne J Katon, Joan E Russo, Mary Jane Lohr, Mary Curran, Erin Galvin, Kathy Carson
OBJECTIVE: The comorbidity of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) with antenatal depression poses increased risks for postpartum depression and may delay or diminish response to evidence-based depression care. In a secondary analysis of an 18-month study of collaborative care for perinatal depression, the authors hypothesized that pregnant, depressed, socioeconomically disadvantaged women with comorbid PTSD would show more improvement in the MOMCare intervention providing Brief Interpersonal Psychotherapy and/or antidepressants, compared to intensive public health Maternity Support Services (MSS-Plus)...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039845/midwives-perceptions-and-experiences-of-caring-for-women-who-experience-perinatal-mental-health-problems-an-integrative-review
#18
REVIEW
Maria Noonan, Owen Doody, Julie Jomeen, Rose Galvin
BACKGROUND: perinatal mental health is an important public health issue and consideration must be given to care provision for effective support and care of women in the perinatal period. AIM: to synthesise primary research on midwives' perceived role in Perinatal Mental Health (PMH). DESIGN: integrative review. METHODS: Whittemore and Knafl's (2005) framework was employed. A systematic search of the literature was completed...
December 12, 2016: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032214/perinatal-suicidal-ideation-and-behaviour-psychiatry-and-adversity
#19
Michael Nnachebe Onah, Sally Field, Jason Bantjes, Simone Honikman
Pregnant women are at increased risk for suicidal ideation and behaviours (SIB) compared to the general population. To date, studies have focused on the psychiatric correlates of SIB with lesser attention given to the associated contextual risk factors, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. We investigated the prevalence and associated psychiatric and socio-economic contextual factors for SIB among pregnant women living in low resource communities in South Africa. Three hundred seventy-six pregnant women were evaluated using a range of tools to collect data on socio-economic and demographic factors, social support, life events, interpersonal violence and mental health diagnoses...
December 28, 2016: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024222/effects-of-prenatal-childbirth-education-for-partners-of-pregnant-women-on-paternal-postnatal-mental-health-and-couple-relationship-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Maiko Suto, Kenji Takehara, Yumina Yamane, Erika Ota
BACKGROUND: Partner education during pregnancy may be able to prevent postnatal mental health problems, and support expectant fathers in their transition to parenthood. The aim of this systematic review is to investigate the effects of prenatal childbirth education among partners of pregnant women, particularly regarding paternal postnatal mental health and couple relationship. METHODS: We searched Medline, CINAHL, EMBASE, PsycINFO, ERIC, and CENTRAL using terms such as "partners of pregnant women," "education," and "prenatal support...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
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