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Perinatal mental health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105764/supporting-women-with-postpartum-anxiety-exploring-views-and-experiences-of-specialist-community-public-health-nurses-in-the-uk
#1
Miriam T Ashford, Susan Ayers, Ellinor K Olander
Anxiety is common among postpartum women and can have adverse effects on mother's and child's somatic and psychological health if left untreated. In the UK, nurses or midwifes with a specialisation in community public health nursing, also called health visitors (HVs), work with families who have children younger than 5 years of age and are therefore in a key position to identify and support women with postpartum mental health issues. Until recently, postpartum mental health support provided by HVs mainly focused on identifying and managing depression, but the updated clinical guidance by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence also includes guidance regarding screening and psychological interventions for perinatal anxiety...
January 20, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095461/the-impact-of-antenatal-depression-on-perinatal-outcomes-in-australian-women
#2
John Eastwood, Felix A Ogbo, Alexandra Hendry, Justine Noble, Andrew Page
BACKGROUND: In Australia, there is limited evidence on the impact of antenatal depression on perinatal outcomes. This study investigates the association between maternal depressive symptoms during pregnancy and key perinatal outcomes, including birth weight, gestational age at birth, breastfeeding indicators and postnatal depressive symptoms. METHOD: A retrospective cohort of mothers (N = 17,564) of all infants born in public health facilities within South Western Sydney Local Health District and Sydney Local Health District in 2014, in the state of New South Wales (NSW), Australia, was enumerated from routinely collected antenatal data to investigate the risk of adverse perinatal outcomes associated with maternal depressive symptoms during pregnancy...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078472/using-the-edinburgh-postnatal-depression-scale-for-women-and-men-some-cautionary-thoughts
#3
Stephen Matthey, Francesca Agostini
The objective of the study was to critically consider some of the possible limitations in the Edinburgh Depression Scale (EDS), given that great emphasis is put on the results of this measure within both clinical and research fields. Using findings and discussion points from other studies, as well as from a critical analysis of issues by the authors based upon their clinical and research experience, possible limitations with the scale in nine areas are discussed. Possible limitations include the following: (1) ambiguous items, (2) exclusion of certain types of distress, (3) scoring difficulties, (4) low positive predictive value, (5) frequent use of incorrect cut-off scores, (6) a vast array of validated cut-off scores, (7) validation against a questionable gold-standard, (8) limited anxiety detection and of depressive symptoms in men, and (9) many screen positive women only have transient distress...
January 11, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076674/trajectories-of-perinatal-depressive-and-anxiety-symptoms-in-a-community-cohort
#4
Hamideh Bayrampour, Lianne Tomfohr, Suzanne Tough
OBJECTIVE: The evidence on trajectories of perinatal depression is mostly based on studies composed of women at high risk for poor mental health. Research on maternal anxiety trajectories is also scarce. Using a large community cohort, the All Our Babies study, in Alberta, Canada, we examined trajectories of perinatal depressive and anxiety symptoms and compared characteristics of women across trajectories. METHODS: Anxiety and depressive symptoms were measured at the second and third trimesters and at 4 and 12 months postpartum among 1,445 women recruited between May 2008 and December 2010...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076671/a-randomized-trial-of-collaborative-care-for-perinatal-depression-in-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-women-the-impact-of-comorbid-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#5
Nancy K Grote, Wayne J Katon, Joan E Russo, Mary Jane Lohr, Mary Curran, Erin Galvin, Kathy Carson
OBJECTIVE: The comorbidity of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) with antenatal depression poses increased risks for postpartum depression and may delay or diminish response to evidence-based depression care. In a secondary analysis of an 18-month study of collaborative care for perinatal depression, the authors hypothesized that pregnant, depressed, socioeconomically disadvantaged women with comorbid PTSD would show more improvement in the MOMCare intervention providing Brief Interpersonal Psychotherapy and/or antidepressants, compared to intensive public health Maternity Support Services (MSS-Plus)...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039845/midwives-perceptions-and-experiences-of-caring-for-women-who-experience-perinatal-mental-health-problems-an-integrative-review
#6
REVIEW
Maria Noonan, Owen Doody, Julie Jomeen, Rose Galvin
BACKGROUND: perinatal mental health is an important public health issue and consideration must be given to care provision for effective support and care of women in the perinatal period. AIM: to synthesise primary research on midwives' perceived role in Perinatal Mental Health (PMH). DESIGN: integrative review. METHODS: Whittemore and Knafl's (2005) framework was employed. A systematic search of the literature was completed...
December 12, 2016: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032214/perinatal-suicidal-ideation-and-behaviour-psychiatry-and-adversity
#7
Michael Nnachebe Onah, Sally Field, Jason Bantjes, Simone Honikman
Pregnant women are at increased risk for suicidal ideation and behaviours (SIB) compared to the general population. To date, studies have focused on the psychiatric correlates of SIB with lesser attention given to the associated contextual risk factors, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. We investigated the prevalence and associated psychiatric and socio-economic contextual factors for SIB among pregnant women living in low resource communities in South Africa. Three hundred seventy-six pregnant women were evaluated using a range of tools to collect data on socio-economic and demographic factors, social support, life events, interpersonal violence and mental health diagnoses...
December 28, 2016: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024222/effects-of-prenatal-childbirth-education-for-partners-of-pregnant-women-on-paternal-postnatal-mental-health-and-couple-relationship-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Maiko Suto, Kenji Takehara, Yumina Yamane, Erika Ota
BACKGROUND: Partner education during pregnancy may be able to prevent postnatal mental health problems, and support expectant fathers in their transition to parenthood. The aim of this systematic review is to investigate the effects of prenatal childbirth education among partners of pregnant women, particularly regarding paternal postnatal mental health and couple relationship. METHODS: We searched Medline, CINAHL, EMBASE, PsycINFO, ERIC, and CENTRAL using terms such as "partners of pregnant women," "education," and "prenatal support...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990195/resilience-and-life-expectations-of-perinatally-hiv-1-infected-adolescents-in-france
#9
Isabelle Funck-Brentano, Lambert Assoumou, Florence Veber, Despina Moshous, Pierre Frange, Stéphane Blanche
BACKGROUND: Resilience of perinatally HIV-infected youth in European countries is poorly studied. Life satisfaction and expectations for adulthood are rarely examined. OBJECTIVE: This cross-sectional, descriptive study of a French cohort of 54 perinatally HIV-infected adolescents raised in France (age 14-20 years) aimed to (1) evaluate their psychosocial adjustment, (2) identify their expectations for adulthood and (3) delineate risk and protective factors associated with mental health, life satisfaction, and HIV-1 viral load level...
2016: Open AIDS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968887/infection-prevention-with-natural-protein-based-coating-on-the-surface-of-foley-catheters-a-randomised-controlled-clinical-trial
#10
Peng Zhao, Qijing Chen, Chao Lin, Zhaofen Lin, Liang Chang, Xiaoping Shao, Yueming Li, Jiangong Zhang, Zhongpeng Fan, Xuejun Wen
BACKGROUND: Health-care-associated infections characterised by antibiotic drug resistance are a global medical challenge that claims billions of dollars of health-care expenditure. Bacterial adhesion and subsequent formation of biofilms on catheters and tubes are the primary mechanisms through which these infections are initiated and propagated. We tested the efficacy and safety for clinical treatment of a coating based on natural protein, in which immunogenicity was eliminated through physical plasticising, applied to the surfaces of medical devices to inhibit bacterial adhesion...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924145/demographic-characteristics-associated-with-pregnant-and-postpartum-youth-referred-for-mental-health-services-in-a-community-outreach-center
#11
Sandhaya Norris, Mark L Norris, Emily Sibbald, Tim Aubry, Megan E Harrison, Genevieve Lafontaine, Jasmine Gandhi
OBJECTIVE: Pregnancy in youth is considered high risk from a number of different standpoints. At present, limited data has explored demographic factors associated with Canadian cohorts of pregnant and postpartum youth seeking mental health services. We aimed to describe demographic characteristics associated with pregnant and postpartum youth and young adults referred for mental health services in the community and to compare this with data drawn from a hospital-based perinatal mental health clinic...
2016: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923193/preconception-personality-disorder-and-antenatal-maternal-mental-health-a-population-based-cohort-study
#12
Charlotte Hudson, Elizabeth Spry, Rohan Borschmann, Denise Becker, Paul Moran, Craig Olsson, Carolyn Coffey, Helena Romaniuk, Jordana K Bayer, George C Patton
BACKGROUND: Prior anxiety and depression have been identified as risk factors for maternal perinatal mental health problems, but other preconception mental disorders have not been prospectively examined. This study investigated prospectively whether women with preconception personality disorder have increased rates of antenatal anxiety and/or depressive symptoms. METHODS: 244 women in a population cohort were assessed for personality disorder at age 24 using the Standardised Assessment of Personality...
February 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921188/erratum-to-an-international-position-paper-on-mother-infant-perinatal-mental-health-with-guidelines-for-clinical-practice
#13
Ian Brockington, Ruth Butterworth, Nine Glangeaud-Freudenthal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 6, 2016: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911141/mindfulness-based-intervention-for-perinatal-grief-in-rural-india-improved-mental-health-at-12%C3%A2-months-follow-up
#14
Lisa R Roberts, Susanne B Montgomery
Stillbirth is a significant global health problem that frequently results in perinatal grief with compound negative psychosocial impact. In low-resource settings with exceedingly high stillbirth rates, such as rural Chhattisgarh, India, it is vital to utilize low-cost, effective interventions. Mindfulness-based stress reduction is an evidence-based intervention utilized for a broad range of physical and mental health problems, and is adaptable to specific populations. The objective of this study was to explore the sustained effectiveness of a shortened, culturally adapted mindfulness-based intervention (MBI) designed to address complex grief after stillbirth...
December 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905962/identifying-potential-differences-in-cause-of-death-coding-practices-across-russian-regions
#15
Inna Danilova, Vladimir M Shkolnikov, Dmitri A Jdanov, France Meslé, Jacques Vallin
BACKGROUND: Reliable and comparable data on causes of death are crucial for public health analysis, but the usefulness of these data can be markedly diminished when the approach to coding is not standardized across territories and/or over time. Because the Russian system of producing information on causes of death is highly decentralized, there may be discrepancies in the coding practices employed across the country. In this study, we evaluate the uniformity of cause-of-death coding practices across Russian regions using an indirect method...
March 22, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903039/management-of-bipolar-disorder-over-the-perinatal-period
#16
Philip Boyce, Anne Buist
BACKGROUND: Women with bipolar disorder have a high risk of relapse following childbirth. The risk of relapse can be reduced by mood stabilisers, but they are potentially harmful to the developing fetus. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to provide an up-to-date review of the strategies for managing women with bipolar disorder over the perinatal period. DISCUSSION: Discussing the risks of taking mood stabilisers or having a medication-free pregnancy is essential for women with bipolar disorder...
December 2016: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898075/maternal-high-fat-diet-prevents-developmental-programming-by-early-life-stress
#17
M Rincel, A L Lépinay, P Delage, J Fioramonti, V S Théodorou, S Layé, M Darnaudéry
Anxiety disorders and depression are well-documented in subjects exposed to adverse childhood events. Recently, maternal obesity and/or maternal consumption of high-fat diets (HFD) have been also proposed as risk factors for offspring mental health. Here using an animal model in rats, we explored the combinatorial effects of a maternal HFD (40% of energy from fat without impact on maternal weight; during gestation and lactation) and maternal separation (MS) in offspring. In the prefrontal cortex (PFC) of pups, MS led to changes in the expression of several genes such as Bdnf (brain derived neurotrophic factor), 5HT-r1a (serotonin receptor 1a) and Rest4 (neuron-restrictive silencer element, repressor element 1, silencing transcription factor (Rest), splicing variant 4)...
November 29, 2016: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863498/factors-affecting-implementation-of-perinatal-mental-health-screening-in-women-of-refugee-background
#18
Nishani Nithianandan, Melanie Gibson-Helm, Jacquie McBride, Amanda Binny, Kylie M Gray, Christine East, Jacqueline A Boyle
BACKGROUND: For women of refugee background, the increased risk of mental illness associated with pregnancy is compounded by pre- and post-settlement stressors. In Australia, antenatal screening for depression and anxiety symptoms using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale is recommended for all women. Despite this, screening is not routinely implemented and little is known about barriers and enablers to implementation for women of refugee background. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with a range of health professionals (n = 28: midwives, obstetricians, perinatal mental health and refugee health experts, interpreters) and women of refugee background (n = 9)...
November 18, 2016: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854131/perspectives-from-patients-and-healthcare-providers-on-the-practice-of-maternal-placentophagy
#19
Stephanie A Schuette, Kara M Brown, Danielle A Cuthbert, Cynthia W Coyle, Katherine L Wisner, M Camille Hoffman, Amy Yang, Jody D Ciolino, Rebecca L Newmark, Crystal T Clark
PURPOSE: Placentophagy (maternal consumption of the placenta) has become increasingly prevalent in the past decade among women seeking to promote health and healing during the postpartum period. The purpose of this study was to assess patient and provider familiarity with and attitudes toward placentophagy, as well as patients' willingness to try placentophagy. METHODS: Two cross-sectional surveys with questions regarding placentophagy practice were distributed to healthcare providers and patients...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837571/maternal-screening-for-early-postnatal-vulnerability
#20
V G Vivilaki, V Dafermos, Ev Patelarou, D Bick, Ar Syngelaki, N D Tsopelas, P Bitsios, E T Petridou, Al N Vgontzas, Chr Lionis
Research has highlighted the wide impact of maternal mental health problems during and beyond the postpartum period and the public health role of community health professionals in early detection of women who may be at risk. This paper aims to describe, explore and test an a priori hypothesised conceptual model of postnatal experience, identifying the relationships between postnatal mental vulnerability and postnatal adjustment to maternal roles and attitudes, marital/partner-relationship and sense of coherence...
July 2016: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
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