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Postpartum mental health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196546/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-depression-and-depression-related-healthcare-access-in-mothers-of-9-month-old-infants-in-the-republic-of-ireland
#1
S M Cruise, R Layte, M Stevenson, D O'Reilly
AIMS: Untreated maternal depression during the postpartum period can have a profound impact on the short- and long-term psychological and physical well-being of children. There is, therefore, an imperative for increased understanding of the determinants of depression and depression-related healthcare access during this period. METHODS: Respondents were 11 089 mothers of 9-month-old infants recruited to the Growing Up in Ireland study. Of this sample, 10 827 had complete data on all relevant variables...
February 15, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188472/the-effect-of-postpartum-depression-and-current-mental-health-problems-of-the-mother-on-child-behaviour-at-eight-years
#2
R Closa-Monasterolo, M Gispert-Llaurado, J Canals, V Luque, M Zaragoza-Jordana, B Koletzko, V Grote, M Weber, D Gruszfeld, K Szott, E Verduci, A ReDionigi, J Hoyos, G Brasselle, J Escribano Subías
Background Maternal postpartum depression (PPD) could affect children's emotional development, increasing later risk of child psychological problems. The aim of our study was to assess the association between child's emotional and behavioural problems and mother's PPD, considering maternal current mental health problems (CMP). Methods This is a secondary analysis from the EU-Childhood Obesity Project (NCT00338689). Women completed the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) at, 2, 3 and 6 months after delivery and the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) to assess CMP once the children reached the age of 8 years...
February 11, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168590/meeting-women-where-they-are-integration-of-care-as-the-foundation-of-treatment-for-at-risk-pregnant-and-postpartum-women
#3
Melanie Thomas, Margaret Hutchison, Gloria Castro, Melissa Nau, Martha Shumway, Naomi Stotland, Anna Spielvogel
Purpose In these times of rapidly changing health care policies, those involved in the health care of women, especially during the reproductive years, have a unique and daunting opportunity. There is great potential to positively impact women's health through focus on prevention, attention to addressing disparities, and new focus on the integration of behavioral health care in primary care settings. Description In this report from the field, we suggest that the integration of mental health care into other health services and addressing underlying social needs by partnering with community-based organizations should be a top priority for all settings seeking to provide excellent health care for women...
February 6, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150173/implementation-of-routine-postpartum-depression-screening-and-care-initiation-across-a-multispecialty-health-care-organization-an-18-month-retrospective-analysis
#4
April Lind, Sara Richter, Cheryl Craft, Alice C Shapiro
Objectives Postpartum depression (PPD) affects approximately 10-20% of all mothers after giving birth. Adequate screening and follow-up care for the postpartum mother with depression is an essential component of quality care in this population. The purpose of this quality improvement project was to evaluate the quality and quantity of a postnatal PPD screening program and the subsequent initiation of needed PPD treatment in an integrated health system. Methods After implementing a standardized PPD screening process, we conducted an 18-month retrospective study of patient visits that required a PPD screen...
February 1, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138996/a-qualitative-investigation-in-the-role-of-the-baby-in-recovery-from-postpartum-psychosis
#5
Charlene Plunkett, Sarah Peters, Angelika Wieck, Anja Wittkowski
: Psychosis after childbirth is a rare but severe type of mental health difficulty experienced by perinatal women. Research has explored mothers' experiences of onset and recovery from psychosis after childbirth. This study explored the role of the baby in 12 mothers' experiences of recovery. A thematic analysis of the data identified three core themes that described the role of the baby in the mothers' recovery from psychosis after childbirth. Findings revealed that the baby was central to recovery, experienced by mothers as both helpful and unhelpful...
January 31, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129895/the-neurobiology-of-postpartum-anxiety-and-depression
#6
REVIEW
Jodi L Pawluski, Joseph S Lonstein, Alison S Fleming
Ten to twenty percent of postpartum women experience anxiety or depressive disorders, which can have detrimental effects on the mother, child, and family. Little is known about the neural correlates of these affective disorders when they occur in mothers, but they do have unique neural profiles during the postpartum period compared with when they occur at other times in a woman's life. Given that the neural systems affected by postpartum anxiety and depression overlap and interact with the systems involved in maternal caregiving behaviors, mother-infant interactions are highly susceptible to disruption...
December 28, 2016: Trends in Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126668/insomnia-before-and-after-childbirth-the-risk-of-developing-postpartum-pain-a-longitudinal-population-based-study
#7
Børge Sivertsen, Keith J Petrie, Jens Christoffer Skogen, Mari Hysing, Malin Eberhard-Gran
OBJECTIVE: To examine if insomnia before and after childbirth predicts the development of postpartum bodily pain. METHODS: This study is part of a longitudinal cohort study, the Akershus Birth Cohort Study, which targeted all women giving birth at Akershus University Hospital in Norway. The current sample is comprised of 1480 women who participated at all three time points, yielding a participation rate of 32% of the 4662 women who originally consented to participate...
January 19, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125983/fathers-views-and-experiences-of-their-own-mental-health-during-pregnancy-and-the-first-postnatal-year-a-qualitative-interview-study-of-men-participating-in-the-uk-born-and-bred-in-yorkshire-baby-cohort
#8
Z Darwin, P Galdas, S Hinchliff, E Littlewood, D McMillan, L McGowan, S Gilbody
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of fathers' depression and anxiety in the perinatal period (i.e. from conception to 1 year after birth) is approximately 5-10%, and 5-15%, respectively; their children face increased risk of adverse emotional and behavioural outcomes, independent of maternal mental health. Critically, fathers can be protective against the development of maternal perinatal mental health problems and their effects on child outcomes. Preventing and treating paternal mental health problems and promoting paternal psychological wellbeing may therefore benefit the family as a whole...
January 26, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124383/-there-s-something-in-their-eyes-child-health-services-nurses-experiences-of-identifying-signs-of-postpartum-depression-in-non-swedish-speaking-immigrant-mothers
#9
Malin Skoog, Inger Hallström, Vanja Berggren
BACKGROUND: Due to the current world situation, Sweden has one of the highest asylum applications within the European Union. Immigrant mothers, specifically those who have immigrated during the last ten years and do not speak the language of the new country, are found to be at particular risk of being effected by postpartum depression. AIM: In this study, we elucidate Swedish Child Health Services nurses' experiences of identifying signs of postpartum depression in non-Swedish-speaking immigrant mothers...
January 25, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120519/mercy-pregnancy-and-emotional-well-being-study-mpews-understanding-maternal-mental-health-fetal-programming-and-child-development-study-design-and-cohort-profile
#10
Megan Galbally, Marinus van IJzendoorn, Michael Permezel, Richard Saffery, Martha Lappas, Joanne Ryan, Elisabeth van Rossum, Andrew R Johnson, Douglas Teti, Andrew J Lewis
Maternal mental health represents a significant global health burden. The Mercy Pregnancy and Emotional Well-being Study (MPEWS) was established to provide a comprehensive investigation of early developmental mechanisms and modifiers for maternal, fetal and child emotional well-being. MPEWS is a prospective, longitudinal study from pregnancy to 36 months postpartum that includes diagnostic measures of maternal mental health, observational measures of the mother-infant relationship, measures of child development, and repeat biological sampling...
January 25, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116534/is-perceived-discrimination-in-pregnancy-prospectively-linked-to-postpartum-depression-exploring-the-role-of-education
#11
Irena Stepanikova, Lubomir Kukla
Objectives The role of perceived discrimination in postpartum depression is largely unknown. We investigate whether perceived discrimination reported in pregnancy contributes to postpartum depression, and whether its impact varies by education level. Methods Prospective data are a part of European Longitudinal Study of Pregnancy and Childhood, the Czech Republic. Surveys were collected in mid-pregnancy and at 6 months after delivery. Depression was measured using Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale. Generalized linear models were estimated to test the effects of perceived discrimination on postpartum depression...
January 23, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105764/supporting-women-with-postpartum-anxiety-exploring-views-and-experiences-of-specialist-community-public-health-nurses-in-the-uk
#12
Miriam T Ashford, Susan Ayers, Ellinor K Olander
Anxiety is common among postpartum women and can have adverse effects on mother's and child's somatic and psychological health if left untreated. In the UK, nurses or midwifes with a specialisation in community public health nursing, also called health visitors (HVs), work with families who have children younger than 5 years of age and are therefore in a key position to identify and support women with postpartum mental health issues. Until recently, postpartum mental health support provided by HVs mainly focused on identifying and managing depression, but the updated clinical guidance by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence also includes guidance regarding screening and psychological interventions for perinatal anxiety...
January 20, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102504/stigma-and-postpartum-depression-treatment-acceptability-among-black-and-white-women-in-the-first-six-months-postpartum
#13
Susan Bodnar-Deren, E K T Benn, Amy Balbierz, E A Howell
Objective To measure stigma associated with four types of postpartum depression therapies and to estimate the association between stigma and the acceptance of these therapies for black and white postpartum mothers. Methods Using data from two postpartum depression randomized trials, this study included 481 black and white women who gave birth in a large urban hospital and answered a series of questions at 6-months postpartum. Survey items included socio demographic and clinical factors, attitudes about postpartum depression therapies and stigma...
January 19, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076674/trajectories-of-perinatal-depressive-and-anxiety-symptoms-in-a-community-cohort
#14
Hamideh Bayrampour, Lianne Tomfohr, Suzanne Tough
OBJECTIVE: The evidence on trajectories of perinatal depression is mostly based on studies composed of women at high risk for poor mental health. Research on maternal anxiety trajectories is also scarce. Using a large community cohort, the All Our Babies study, in Alberta, Canada, we examined trajectories of perinatal depressive and anxiety symptoms and compared characteristics of women across trajectories. METHODS: Anxiety and depressive symptoms were measured at the second and third trimesters and at 4 and 12 months postpartum among 1,445 women recruited between May 2008 and December 2010...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076671/a-randomized-trial-of-collaborative-care-for-perinatal-depression-in-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-women-the-impact-of-comorbid-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#15
Nancy K Grote, Wayne J Katon, Joan E Russo, Mary Jane Lohr, Mary Curran, Erin Galvin, Kathy Carson
OBJECTIVE: The comorbidity of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) with antenatal depression poses increased risks for postpartum depression and may delay or diminish response to evidence-based depression care. In a secondary analysis of an 18-month study of collaborative care for perinatal depression, the authors hypothesized that pregnant, depressed, socioeconomically disadvantaged women with comorbid PTSD would show more improvement in the MOMCare intervention providing Brief Interpersonal Psychotherapy and/or antidepressants, compared to intensive public health Maternity Support Services (MSS-Plus)...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063847/mind-the-gap-assessing-the-disconnect-between-postpartum-health-information-desired-and-health-information-received
#16
Lucia Guerra-Reyes, Vanessa M Christie, Annu Prabhakar, Katie A Siek
INTRODUCTION: Seeking and receiving health information are critical aspects of prenatal and postpartum care; however, many informational sources lack postpartum content. This study explores the gaps between information desired and information received postpartum and identifies the sources women use for health information seeking, with an emphasis on emergent online and mobile phone-based resources. METHODS: Participants were recruited from our community partners' client base for a cross-sectional study...
January 4, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024222/effects-of-prenatal-childbirth-education-for-partners-of-pregnant-women-on-paternal-postnatal-mental-health-and-couple-relationship-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Maiko Suto, Kenji Takehara, Yumina Yamane, Erika Ota
BACKGROUND: Partner education during pregnancy may be able to prevent postnatal mental health problems, and support expectant fathers in their transition to parenthood. The aim of this systematic review is to investigate the effects of prenatal childbirth education among partners of pregnant women, particularly regarding paternal postnatal mental health and couple relationship. METHODS: We searched Medline, CINAHL, EMBASE, PsycINFO, ERIC, and CENTRAL using terms such as "partners of pregnant women," "education," and "prenatal support...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939485/postpartum-physiology-psychology-and-paediatric-follow-up-study-p4-study-study-protocol
#18
Gregory K Davis, Lynne Roberts, George Mangos, Amanda Henry, Franziska Pettit, Anthony O'Sullivan, Caroline S E Homer, Maria Craig, Samuel B Harvey, Mark A Brown
BACKGROUND: Women who have had hypertension in pregnancy are at greater risk of long term cardiovascular disease (CVD). Little is known about their cardiovascular risk postpartum or the effects on the woman's mental health and the outcomes of their infants. In this project we will study the physiological and psychological health of women and the physical health and development of their infants six months, two years and five years after birth. We will establish normal blood pressure (BP) and metabolic function for women who were normotensive in pregnancy and use these to assess women who had gestational hypertension (GH) or preeclampsia (PE)...
October 2016: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926635/the-obstetrician-gynecologist-s-role-in-detecting-preventing-and-treating-depression
#19
Amritha Bhat, Susan D Reed, Jürgen Unützer
Women are at a higher risk for depression than are men, and this risk is especially pronounced at specific reproductive periods of vulnerability: adolescence, pregnancy, postpartum, and the menopausal transition. Obstetrician-gynecologists are often the health care providers who women consult during these vulnerable periods, usually presenting with conditions or complaints other than depression or anxiety. Presenting symptoms are frequently known comorbidities with depression or are risk factors for depression...
January 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924145/demographic-characteristics-associated-with-pregnant-and-postpartum-youth-referred-for-mental-health-services-in-a-community-outreach-center
#20
Sandhaya Norris, Mark L Norris, Emily Sibbald, Tim Aubry, Megan E Harrison, Genevieve Lafontaine, Jasmine Gandhi
OBJECTIVE: Pregnancy in youth is considered high risk from a number of different standpoints. At present, limited data has explored demographic factors associated with Canadian cohorts of pregnant and postpartum youth seeking mental health services. We aimed to describe demographic characteristics associated with pregnant and postpartum youth and young adults referred for mental health services in the community and to compare this with data drawn from a hospital-based perinatal mental health clinic...
2016: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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