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Postpartum mental health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322424/perinatal-mental-disorders-in-switzerland-prevalence-estimates-and-use-of-mental-health-services
#1
Anke Berger, Nicole Bachmann, Andri Signorell, Rebekka Erdin, Stephan Oelhafen, Oliver Reich, Eva Cignacco
BACKGROUND: Perinatal mental disorders (PMDs) are the most common complication of pregnancy and the first postpartum year. Since PMD prevalence and use of mental-health services by perinatal women in Switzerland are unknown, we analysed existing health statistics. METHODS: We used statistics from a large health insurance company, hospitals and freelance midwives. We assessed the annual rates of mental-healthcare use in perinatal women (n = 13 969). We ascertained the annual rates of PMD treatment in obstetric inpatients (n = 89 699), and annual rates of PMD records by freelance midwives (n = 57 951)...
March 21, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319692/development-and-properties-of-a-brief-scale-to-assess-intimate-partner-relationship-in-the-postnatal-period
#2
Karen Wynter, Thach Duc Tran, Heather Rowe, Jane Fisher
BACKGROUND: Poor quality intimate partner relationship is associated with postnatal depression and anxiety among women. Existing scales assessing the quality of this relationship are long and measure stable aspects of the relationship rather than specific behaviours which may respond to targeted interventions. The aim was to develop and investigate the properties of a brief, life stage-specific scale to assess potentially modifiable partner behaviours in the postpartum period. METHODS: Participants were primiparous women from diverse geographical and socio-economic backgrounds in Victoria, Australia...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301335/interdisciplinary-collaboration-in-maternal-mental-health
#3
Nancy Selix, Erin Henshaw, Alinne Barrera, Luba Botcheva, Erin Huie, Gabrielle Kaufman
One out of every five to seven births is affected by postpartum depression, making it the most common maternal health problem in the first year after childbirth. Early identification and treatment are essential, though screening and treatment rates are low. Factors that inhibit effective screening and treatment include lack of uniform screening policies in all maternal health settings, poor coordination of care between primary care and mental health services, coordination of community education efforts and resources, social stigma surrounding mental health treatment, and ineffective application of research and technology in the clinical setting...
March 15, 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295746/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-the-perinatal-period-pptsd-a-concept-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Julie Vignato, Jane M Georges, Ruth A Bush, Cynthia D Connelly
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To report an analysis of the concept of perinatal posttraumatic stress disorder (PPTSD). BACKGROUND: Prevalence of PPTSD is rising in the United States, with 9% of the U.S. perinatal population diagnosed with the disorder and an additional 18% being at risk for the condition. Left untreated, adverse maternal-child outcomes result in increased morbidity, mortality, and healthcare costs. DESIGN: Concept analysis via Walker and Avant's approach...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274906/online-recruitment-feasibility-cost-and-representativeness-in-a-study-of-postpartum-women
#5
Liana S Leach, Peter Butterworth, Carmel Poyser, Philip J Batterham, Louise M Farrer
BACKGROUND: Online recruitment is feasible, low-cost, and can provide high-quality epidemiological data. However, little is known about the feasibility of recruiting postpartum women online, or sample representativeness. OBJECTIVE: The current study investigates the feasibility of recruiting a population of postpartum women online for health research and examines sample representativeness. METHODS: Two samples of postpartum women were compared: those recruited online as participants in a brief survey of new mothers (n=1083) and those recruited face-to-face as part of a nationally representative study (n=579)...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241419/the-effects-of-iodine-fortified-milk-on-the-iodine-status-of-lactating-mothers-and-infants-in-an-area-with-a-successful-salt-iodization-program-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Pantea Nazeri, Parvin Mirmiran, Zhale Tahmasebinejad, Mehdi Hedayati, Hossein Delshad, Fereidoun Azizi
Iodine deficiency during the first two years of life may cause irreversible brain damage and mental retardation. The aim of the present study was to investigate, for the first time, the effect of iodine fortified milk on the iodine status of lactating mothers and their infants. In this multicenter randomized controlled trial, 84 lactating mother-infant pairs from health care centers were randomly selected. After meeting the inclusion criteria, lactating mothers were randomly assigned to two groups: the iodine fortified milk group and the control group (n = 42 each)...
February 22, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220215/postpartum-depression-risk-factors-among-recent-refugee-asylum-seeking-non-refugee-immigrant-and-canadian-born-women-results-from-a-prospective-cohort-study
#7
Cindy-Lee Dennis, Lisa Merry, Anita J Gagnon
PURPOSE: The objective was to examine and compare risk factors for postpartum depression among: (1) recent (≤5 years) migrant and Canadian-born women, and (2) refugee, asylum-seeking, and non-refugee immigrant women. METHODS: A sample of 1536 women (1024 migrant and 512 Canadian-born) were recruited from 12 hospitals. Women completed questionnaires at 1-2 and 16 weeks postpartum including questions on socio-demographics, biomedical history, health services, and migration and resettlement factors...
February 20, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196546/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-depression-and-depression-related-healthcare-access-in-mothers-of-9-month-old-infants-in-the-republic-of-ireland
#8
S M Cruise, R Layte, M Stevenson, D O'Reilly
AIMS: Untreated maternal depression during the postpartum period can have a profound impact on the short- and long-term psychological and physical well-being of children. There is, therefore, an imperative for increased understanding of the determinants of depression and depression-related healthcare access during this period. METHODS: Respondents were 11 089 mothers of 9-month-old infants recruited to the Growing Up in Ireland study. Of this sample, 10 827 had complete data on all relevant variables...
February 15, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188472/the-effect-of-postpartum-depression-and-current-mental-health-problems-of-the-mother-on-child-behaviour-at-eight-years
#9
R Closa-Monasterolo, M Gispert-Llaurado, J Canals, V Luque, M Zaragoza-Jordana, B Koletzko, V Grote, M Weber, D Gruszfeld, K Szott, E Verduci, A ReDionigi, J Hoyos, G Brasselle, J Escribano Subías
Background Maternal postpartum depression (PPD) could affect children's emotional development, increasing later risk of child psychological problems. The aim of our study was to assess the association between child's emotional and behavioural problems and mother's PPD, considering maternal current mental health problems (CMP). Methods This is a secondary analysis from the EU-Childhood Obesity Project (NCT00338689). Women completed the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) at, 2, 3 and 6 months after delivery and the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) to assess CMP once the children reached the age of 8 years...
February 11, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168590/meeting-women-where-they-are-integration-of-care-as-the-foundation-of-treatment-for-at-risk-pregnant-and-postpartum-women
#10
Melanie Thomas, Margaret Hutchison, Gloria Castro, Melissa Nau, Martha Shumway, Naomi Stotland, Anna Spielvogel
Purpose In these times of rapidly changing health care policies, those involved in the health care of women, especially during the reproductive years, have a unique and daunting opportunity. There is great potential to positively impact women's health through focus on prevention, attention to addressing disparities, and new focus on the integration of behavioral health care in primary care settings. Description In this report from the field, we suggest that the integration of mental health care into other health services and addressing underlying social needs by partnering with community-based organizations should be a top priority for all settings seeking to provide excellent health care for women...
February 6, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150173/implementation-of-routine-postpartum-depression-screening-and-care-initiation-across-a-multispecialty-health-care-organization-an-18-month-retrospective-analysis
#11
April Lind, Sara Richter, Cheryl Craft, Alice C Shapiro
Objectives Postpartum depression (PPD) affects approximately 10-20% of all mothers after giving birth. Adequate screening and follow-up care for the postpartum mother with depression is an essential component of quality care in this population. The purpose of this quality improvement project was to evaluate the quality and quantity of a postnatal PPD screening program and the subsequent initiation of needed PPD treatment in an integrated health system. Methods After implementing a standardized PPD screening process, we conducted an 18-month retrospective study of patient visits that required a PPD screen...
February 1, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138996/a-qualitative-investigation-in-the-role-of-the-baby-in-recovery-from-postpartum-psychosis
#12
Charlene Plunkett, Sarah Peters, Angelika Wieck, Anja Wittkowski
Psychosis after childbirth is a rare but severe type of mental health difficulty experienced by perinatal women. Research has explored mothers' experiences of onset and recovery from psychosis after childbirth. This study explored the role of the baby in 12 mothers' experiences of recovery. A thematic analysis of the data identified three core themes that described the role of the baby in the mothers' recovery from psychosis after childbirth. Findings revealed that the baby was central to recovery, experienced by mothers as both helpful and unhelpful...
January 31, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129895/the-neurobiology-of-postpartum-anxiety-and-depression
#13
REVIEW
Jodi L Pawluski, Joseph S Lonstein, Alison S Fleming
Ten to twenty percent of postpartum women experience anxiety or depressive disorders, which can have detrimental effects on the mother, child, and family. Little is known about the neural correlates of these affective disorders when they occur in mothers, but they do have unique neural profiles during the postpartum period compared with when they occur at other times in a woman's life. Given that the neural systems affected by postpartum anxiety and depression overlap and interact with the systems involved in maternal caregiving behaviors, mother-infant interactions are highly susceptible to disruption...
December 28, 2016: Trends in Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126668/insomnia-before-and-after-childbirth-the-risk-of-developing-postpartum-pain-a-longitudinal-population-based-study
#14
Børge Sivertsen, Keith J Petrie, Jens Christoffer Skogen, Mari Hysing, Malin Eberhard-Gran
OBJECTIVE: To examine if insomnia before and after childbirth predicts the development of postpartum bodily pain. METHODS: This study is part of a longitudinal cohort study, the Akershus Birth Cohort Study, which targeted all women giving birth at Akershus University Hospital in Norway. The current sample is comprised of 1480 women who participated at all three time points, yielding a participation rate of 32% of the 4662 women who originally consented to participate...
January 19, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125983/fathers-views-and-experiences-of-their-own-mental-health-during-pregnancy-and-the-first-postnatal-year-a-qualitative-interview-study-of-men-participating-in-the-uk-born-and-bred-in-yorkshire-baby-cohort
#15
Z Darwin, P Galdas, S Hinchliff, E Littlewood, D McMillan, L McGowan, S Gilbody
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of fathers' depression and anxiety in the perinatal period (i.e. from conception to 1 year after birth) is approximately 5-10%, and 5-15%, respectively; their children face increased risk of adverse emotional and behavioural outcomes, independent of maternal mental health. Critically, fathers can be protective against the development of maternal perinatal mental health problems and their effects on child outcomes. Preventing and treating paternal mental health problems and promoting paternal psychological wellbeing may therefore benefit the family as a whole...
January 26, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124383/-there-s-something-in-their-eyes-child-health-services-nurses-experiences-of-identifying-signs-of-postpartum-depression-in-non-swedish-speaking-immigrant-mothers
#16
Malin Skoog, Inger Hallström, Vanja Berggren
BACKGROUND: Due to the current world situation, Sweden has one of the highest asylum applications within the European Union. Immigrant mothers, specifically those who have immigrated during the last ten years and do not speak the language of the new country, are found to be at particular risk of being effected by postpartum depression. AIM: In this study, we elucidate Swedish Child Health Services nurses' experiences of identifying signs of postpartum depression in non-Swedish-speaking immigrant mothers...
January 25, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120519/mercy-pregnancy-and-emotional-well-being-study-mpews-understanding-maternal-mental-health-fetal-programming-and-child-development-study-design-and-cohort-profile
#17
Megan Galbally, Marinus van IJzendoorn, Michael Permezel, Richard Saffery, Martha Lappas, Joanne Ryan, Elisabeth van Rossum, Andrew R Johnson, Douglas Teti, Andrew J Lewis
Maternal mental health represents a significant global health burden. The Mercy Pregnancy and Emotional Well-being Study (MPEWS) was established to provide a comprehensive investigation of early developmental mechanisms and modifiers for maternal, fetal and child emotional well-being. MPEWS is a prospective, longitudinal study from pregnancy to 36 months postpartum that includes diagnostic measures of maternal mental health, observational measures of the mother-infant relationship, measures of child development, and repeat biological sampling...
January 25, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116534/is-perceived-discrimination-in-pregnancy-prospectively-linked-to-postpartum-depression-exploring-the-role-of-education
#18
Irena Stepanikova, Lubomir Kukla
Objectives The role of perceived discrimination in postpartum depression is largely unknown. We investigate whether perceived discrimination reported in pregnancy contributes to postpartum depression, and whether its impact varies by education level. Methods Prospective data are a part of European Longitudinal Study of Pregnancy and Childhood, the Czech Republic. Surveys were collected in mid-pregnancy and at 6 months after delivery. Depression was measured using Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale. Generalized linear models were estimated to test the effects of perceived discrimination on postpartum depression...
January 23, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105764/supporting-women-with-postpartum-anxiety-exploring-views-and-experiences-of-specialist-community-public-health-nurses-in-the-uk
#19
Miriam T Ashford, Susan Ayers, Ellinor K Olander
Anxiety is common among postpartum women and can have adverse effects on mother's and child's somatic and psychological health if left untreated. In the UK, nurses or midwifes with a specialisation in community public health nursing, also called health visitors (HVs), work with families who have children younger than 5 years of age and are therefore in a key position to identify and support women with postpartum mental health issues. Until recently, postpartum mental health support provided by HVs mainly focused on identifying and managing depression, but the updated clinical guidance by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence also includes guidance regarding screening and psychological interventions for perinatal anxiety...
January 20, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102504/stigma-and-postpartum-depression-treatment-acceptability-among-black-and-white-women-in-the-first-six-months-postpartum
#20
Susan Bodnar-Deren, E K T Benn, Amy Balbierz, E A Howell
Objective To measure stigma associated with four types of postpartum depression therapies and to estimate the association between stigma and the acceptance of these therapies for black and white postpartum mothers. Methods Using data from two postpartum depression randomized trials, this study included 481 black and white women who gave birth in a large urban hospital and answered a series of questions at 6-months postpartum. Survey items included socio demographic and clinical factors, attitudes about postpartum depression therapies and stigma...
January 19, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
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