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Postpartum mental health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896374/loss-of-group-memberships-predicts-depression-in-postpartum-mothers
#1
Magen Seymour-Smith, Tegan Cruwys, S Alexander Haslam, Wendy Brodribb
PURPOSE: The postpartum period presents the highest risk for women's mental health throughout the lifespan. We aimed to examine the Social Identity Model of Identity Change in this context. More specifically, we investigated changes in social identity during this life transition and their consequences for women's postpartum mental health. METHODS: Women who had given birth within the last 12 months (N = 387) reported on measures of depression, social group memberships, and motherhood identification...
November 28, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884855/effectiveness-of-trauma-focused-psychological-therapies-compared-to-usual-postnatal-care-for-treating-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-in-women-following-traumatic-birth-a-systematic-review-protocol
#2
Marie Furuta, Debbie Spain, Debra Bick, Edmond S W Ng, Jacqueline Sin
INTRODUCTION: Maternal mental health has been largely neglected in the literature. Women, however, may be vulnerable to developing post-traumatic stress symptoms or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), following traumatic birth. In turn, this may affect their capacity for child rearing and ability to form a secure bond with their baby and impact on the wider family. Trauma-focused psychological therapies (TFPT) are widely regarded as effective and acceptable interventions for PTSD in general and clinical populations...
November 24, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881298/engaging-patients-and-clinicians-in-establishing-research-priorities-for-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#3
Sandra E Rees, Rati Chadha, Lois E Donovan, Adrienne L T Guitard, Sudha Koppula, Andreas Laupacis, Sara Simpson, Jeffrey A Johnson
OBJECTIVES: We involved patients and clinicians in Alberta, Canada, to establish research priorities in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), using an approach based on a model proposed by the James Lind Alliance (JLA). METHODS: We adapted the 4-step JLA process to engage women with GDM and clinicians to identify uncertainties about the management of GDM. Uncertainties were identified through a survey and a review of the clinical practice guidelines (CPG). Uncertainties were short-listed by a steering committee, followed by a 1-day facilitated workshop using a nominal group format and involving a similar number of patients and clinicians, who identified the top 10 research priorities...
November 21, 2016: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879500/implications-of-preterm-birth-for-maternal-mental-health-and-infant-development
#4
Cheryl Anderson, Priscila Cacola
Preterm birth remains a major contributor to infant mortality and morbidity including neurodevelopmental delay and childhood disability. Mothers experiencing a preterm birth are at risk for maternal mental health issues, inclusive of depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which may affect mother-infant attachment and infant development. Depression and PTSD, frequently comorbid, following preterm birth and relationships between these symptoms, maternal-infant attachment, and infant development are reviewed...
November 22, 2016: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870443/sex-differences-in-depression-during-pregnancy-and-the-postpartum-period
#5
REVIEW
Inger Sundström Poromaa, Erika Comasco, Marios K Georgakis, Alkistis Skalkidou
Women have a lifetime risk of major depression double that of men but only during their reproductive years. This sex difference has been attributed partially to activational effects of female sex steroids and also to the burdens of pregnancy, childbirth, and parenting. Men, in contrast, have a reproductive period difficult to delineate, and research on the mental health of men has rarely considered the effects of fatherhood. However, the couple goes through a number of potentially stressing events during the reproductive period, and both mothers and fathers are at risk of developing peripartum depression...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854131/perspectives-from-patients-and-healthcare-providers-on-the-practice-of-maternal-placentophagy
#6
Stephanie A Schuette, Kara M Brown, Danielle A Cuthbert, Cynthia W Coyle, Katherine L Wisner, M Camille Hoffman, Amy Yang, Jody D Ciolino, Rebecca L Newmark, Crystal T Clark
PURPOSE: Placentophagy (maternal consumption of the placenta) has become increasingly prevalent in the past decade among women seeking to promote health and healing during the postpartum period. The purpose of this study was to assess patient and provider familiarity with and attitudes toward placentophagy, as well as patients' willingness to try placentophagy. METHODS: Two cross-sectional surveys with questions regarding placentophagy practice were distributed to healthcare providers and patients...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842779/collaborative-care-for-women-with-depression-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Hsiang Huang, M Karen Tabb, M Joseph Cerimele, Nahida Ahmed, Amritha Bhat, Rachel Kester
BACKGROUND: The collaborative care model has been found to be effective for depression management in various primary care populations; however, no review has synthesized trials tailored to treat women. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review is to evaluate the current evidence for collaborative depression care for women. METHODOLOGY: We searched for English language articles via MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and reference lists of key articles...
September 6, 2016: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837571/maternal-screening-for-early-postnatal-vulnerability
#8
V G Vivilaki, V Dafermos, Ev Patelarou, D Bick, Ar Syngelaki, N D Tsopelas, P Bitsios, E T Petridou, Al N Vgontzas, Chr Lionis
Research has highlighted the wide impact of maternal mental health problems during and beyond the postpartum period and the public health role of community health professionals in early detection of women who may be at risk. This paper aims to describe, explore and test an a priori hypothesised conceptual model of postnatal experience, identifying the relationships between postnatal mental vulnerability and postnatal adjustment to maternal roles and attitudes, marital/partner-relationship and sense of coherence...
July 2016: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834159/maternal-depressive-symptoms-and-early-childhood-cognitive-development-a-meta-analysis
#9
Y Liu, S Kaaya, J Chai, D C McCoy, P J Surkan, M M Black, A-L Sutter-Dallay, H Verdoux, M C Smith-Fawzi
BACKGROUND: Previous findings have been mixed regarding the relationship between maternal depressive symptoms and child cognitive development. The objective of this study was to systematically review relevant literature and to perform a meta-analysis. METHOD: Three electronic databases (PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO) were searched. Initial screening was conducted independently by two reviewers. Studies selected for detailed review were read in full and included based on a set of criteria...
November 11, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833791/postpartum-depressive-symptoms-following-consecutive-pregnancies-stability-change-and-mechanisms
#10
Christine Dunkel Schetter, Darby Saxbe, Alyssa Cheadle, Christine Guardino
Postpartum depression is a major mental health issue for women and society. We examined stability and change in symptoms of depression over two consecutive pregnancies and tested life stress as a potential mechanism. The Community Child Health Network followed an ethnically/racially diverse sample from one month after a birth for two years. A subset of 228 women had a second birth. Interview measures of depression symptoms (EPDS) and life stress (life events, perceived stress, chronic stress, interpersonal aggression) were obtained during home visits...
September 2016: Clinical Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826783/predictors-of-postpartum-depression-in-partnered-mothers-and-fathers-from-a-longitudinal-cohort
#11
Brenda M Y Leung, Nicole L Letourneau, Gerald F Giesbrecht, Henry Ntanda, Martha Hart
Postpartum depression (PPD) is a growing mental health concern in new mothers and fathers. The purpose of this study was to determine the predictors of depression at 3 months postpartum, comparing depressed couples to couples with only one depressed partner or no depressed partner, using data from the Alberta Pregnancy Outcomes and Nutrition study. Data from mothers and fathers were collected at second trimester and 3 months postpartum. Results showed predictors of PPD in mothers to be low household income, high prenatal depressive symptoms, and postnatally, low social support and higher number of stressful life events...
November 8, 2016: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826750/an-international-position-paper-on-mother-infant-perinatal-mental-health-with-guidelines-for-clinical-practice
#12
Ian Brockington, Ruth Butterworth, Nine Glangeaud-Freudenthal
The purpose of this paper is to set out informal, provisional and comprehensive but concise guidelines for mother-infant (perinatal) mental health (psychiatry), as an area of specialisation. It is informal in the sense that the authors are clinicians and researchers from many different nations, who share a common goal and vision, speaking on their own behalf and not with the backing of any authority or society. It is provisional in the expectation that it can be improved by criticism and new research findings...
November 8, 2016: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821151/-i-ve-changed-my-mind-mindfulness-based-childbirth-and-parenting-mbcp-for-pregnant-women-with-a-high-level-of-fear-of-childbirth-and-their-partners-study-protocol-of-the-quasi-experimental-controlled-trial
#13
Irena K Veringa, Esther I de Bruin, Nancy Bardacke, Larissa G Duncan, Francisca J A van Steensel, Carmen D Dirksen, Susan M Bögels
BACKGROUND: Approximately 25 % of pregnant women suffer from a high level of Fear of Childbirth (FoC), as assessed by the Wijma Delivery Expectancy Questionnaire (W-DEQ-A, score ≥66). FoC negatively affects pregnant women's mental health and adaptation to the perinatal period. Mindfulness-Based Childbirth and Parenting (MBCP) seems to be potentially effective in decreasing pregnancy-related anxiety and stress. We propose a theoretical model of Avoidance and Participation in Pregnancy, Birth and the Postpartum Period in order to explore FoC and to evaluate the underlying mechanisms of change of MBCP...
November 7, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810668/risk-factors-for-suicide-attempt-in-pregnancy-and-the-post-partum-period-in-women-with-serious-mental-illnesses
#14
Florence Gressier, Virginie Guillard, Odile Cazas, Bruno Falissard, Nine M-C Glangeaud-Freudenthal, Anne-Laure Sutter-Dallay
Suicide is a major public health concern worldwide, and mental disorders have been identified as a main risk factor. Suicide is also one of the leading causes of perinatal maternal mortality, but very few studies have focused on suicide attempts (SA) in the perinatal period. This work aims to assess risk factors associated with SA in pregnancy and in the post-partum period in women with mental health disorders. Women (n = 1439) with psychiatric disorders jointly admitted with their infant to 16 psychiatric Mother-Baby Units over 10 years (2001-2010) were assessed retrospectively for the occurrence of SA in pregnancy or the postpartum period...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806675/investigation-of-maternal-psychopathological-symptoms-dream-anxiety-and-insomnia-in-preeclampsia
#15
Orkun Cetin, Pınar Guzel Ozdemir, Zehra Kurdoglu, Hanım Guler Sahin
PURPOSE: The aim of the current study was to investigate the psychopathological symptoms, psycho-emotional state, dream anxiety, and insomnia in healthy, mild and severe preeclamptic postpartum women and their relation to the severity of preeclampsia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This observational study included forty-five healthy, 41 mild preeclamptic and 44 severe preeclamptic postpartum women. The 90-item Symptom Checklist Revised, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Insomnia Severity Index, and Van Dream Anxiety Scale were used to evaluate the psychopathological symptoms, psycho-emotional state, insomnia, and dream anxiety of the participants after delivery...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806526/role-of-omega-3-unsaturated-fatty-acids-in-the-postpartum-depression-systematic-review-and-narrative-synthesis
#16
Fatima Mougharbel, Raywat Deonandan
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression (PPD) is a complex mental health disorder that affects women during their childbearing years. It is a serious medical condition that occurs in approximately 15% of women after birth and has an adverse effect on both the mother and the infant. Hypotheses exist relating dietary deficiencies in a pregnant or postnatal woman's diet may cause postnatal depression. It is unclear whether Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) are effective for treating or preventing PPD...
August 1, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782876/interplay-of-demographic-variables-birth-experience-and-initial-reactions-in-the-prediction-of-symptoms-of-posttraumatic-stress-one-year-after-giving-birth
#17
Julia König, Sabine Schmid, Eva Löser, Olaf Neumann, Stefan Buchholz, Ralph Kästner
BACKGROUND: There has been increasing research on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following childbirth in the last two decades. The literature on predictors of who develops posttraumatic stress symptoms (PSS) suggests that both vulnerability and birth factors have an influence, but many studies measure predictors and outcomes simultaneously. OBJECTIVE: In this context, we aimed to examine indirect and direct effects of predictors of PSS, which were measured longitudinally...
2016: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782825/antenatal-psychosocial-risk-status-and-australian-women-s-use-of-primary-care-and-specialist-mental-health-services-in-the-year-after-birth-a-prospective-study
#18
Virginia Schmied, Rachel Langdon, Stephen Matthey, Lynn Kemp, Marie-Paule Austin, Maree Johnson
BACKGROUND: Poor mental health in the perinatal period can impact negatively on women, their infants and families. Australian State and Territory governments are investing in routine psychosocial assessment and depression screening with referral to services and support, however, little is known about how well these services are used. The aim of this paper is to report on the health services used by women for their physical and mental health needs from pregnancy to 12 months after birth and to compare service use for women who have been identified in pregnancy as having moderate-high psychosocial risk with those with low psychosocial risk...
October 25, 2016: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747914/psychosocial-employment-characteristics-and-postpartum-maternal-mental-health-symptoms
#19
Laura M Schwab-Reese, Marizen Ramirez, Sato Ashida, Corinne Peek-Asa
INTRODUCTION: For new mothers returning to work, the role of the workplace psychosocial environment on maternal mental health has not been fully described. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between psychosocial employment characteristics and mothers' postpartum depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms. METHODS: Ninety-seven women answered survey questions regarding employment, job demand, control, and support, and postpartum depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms soon after live birth and 6 months later...
October 17, 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738382/maternal-and-fetal-outcomes-after-lamotrigine-use-in-pregnancy-a-retrospective-analysis-from-an-urban-maternal-mental-health-centre-in-new-zealand
#20
Chandni Prakash, Susan Hatters-Friedman, Charmian Moller-Olsen, Abigail North
INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy is a vulnerable period for recurrence of bipolar disorder. Discontinuation of mood stabilisers during pregnancy and the postpartum period can significantly increase the risk of recurrence of bipolar disorder. Lamotrigine is an anti-epileptic drug that has been approved for the maintenance treatment of bipolar disorder. Epilepsy literature has indicated that lamotrigine has a reassuring safety profile in pregnancy but there is little information on its effectiveness and safety in pregnant women with mental disorders...
August 15, 2016: Psychopharmacology Bulletin
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