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Postpartum mental health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626358/psychosocial-correlates-of-patient-provider-family-planning-discussions-among-hiv-infected-pregnant-women-in-south-africa
#1
Violeta J Rodriguez, Ryan R Cook, Stephen M Weiss, Karl Peltzer, Deborah L Jones
Patient-provider family planning discussions and preconception counseling can reduce maternal and neonatal risks by increasing adherence to provider recommendations and antiretroviral medication. However, HIV-infected women may not discuss reproductive intentions with providers due to anticipation of negative reactions and stigma. This study aimed to identify correlates of patient-provider family planning discussions among HIV-infected women in rural South Africa, an area with high rates of antenatal HIV and suboptimal rates of prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV...
2017: Open Access J Contracept
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623904/impact-of-preconceptional-micronutrient-supplementation-on-maternal-mental-health-during-pregnancy-and-postpartum-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-vietnam
#2
Phuong H Nguyen, Ann M DiGirolamo, Ines Gonzalez-Casanova, Hoa Pham, Wei Hao, Hieu Nguyen, Truong V Truong, Son Nguyen, Kimberly B Harding, Gregory A Reinhart, Reynaldo Martorell, Usha Ramakrishnan
BACKGROUND: Micronutrient malnutrition has been associated with maternal depressive symptoms (MDS), but little is known about the effects of preconceptional micronutrient supplementation. This paper examined the effects of preconceptional micronutrient supplementation on MDS during pregnancy and postpartum. METHODS: We used data from a double-blind controlled trial (PRECONCEPT) in which 5011 Vietnamese women were randomized to receive weekly supplements containing either a) multiple micronutrients (MM) b) iron and folic acid (IFA) or c) folic acid (FA) until conception (n = 1813)...
June 17, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618298/shape-of-change-in-internet-based-behavioral-activation-treatment-for-depression
#3
Heather A O'Mahen, Esther Wilkinson, Kara Bagnall, David A Richards, Amanda Swales
Shape of change, sudden gains and depression spikes were examined in an online 12-session Behavioral Activation (BA) treatment for depression. Client and therapist factors related to sudden gains were examined to investigate processes associated with outcome. METHODS: Participants were postpartum Women with Major Depressive Disorder (n=42) who received online BA supported in 30-minute telephone sessions by a mental health worker. Depression symptoms were assessed at each session and number of sessions completed were recorded by the online program...
May 17, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617151/lithium-exposure-during-pregnancy-outcomes-for-women-who-attended-a-specialist-antenatal-clinic
#4
Jacqueline Frayne, Thinh Nguyen, Tabitha Mok, Yvonne Hauck, Helena Liira
INTRODUCTION: Lithium treatment in pregnancy represents a significant dilemma for women and treating health professionals alike. The complexity of risk-benefit analysis is impacted by limited information. METHODS: A cohort study of 33 women with severe mental illness, who were prescribed lithium at any time during the pregnancy, and gave birth between December 2007 and January 2015 at a specialist antenatal clinic in Western Australia. A descriptive comparison for women who continued lithium throughout pregnancy, and those who ceased on discovery of pregnancy was undertaken examining demographic, obstetric, neonatal and psychiatric variables...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600932/investigation-of-associations-between-attachment-parenting-and-schizotypy-during-the-postnatal-period
#5
Melanie Hugill, Ian Fletcher, Katherine Berry
BACKGROUND: Parenting can be a stressful experience particularly for people with mental health problems or people who experienced abuse or attachment difficulties in their own childhoods. This study examined the relationships between earlier trauma, attachment, parenting and schizotypy in a non-clinical sample, with the specific hypothesis that parenting stress and competence would mediate any association between trauma, attachment and schizotypy. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-four first time parents with a child under 12 months old completed the following questionnaires online: the Experiences of Close Relationships Scale - Short Form (ECR-S), the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire - Brief, Revised (SPQ-BR) the Parenting Stress Scale, the Parenting Sense of Competence Scale (PSOC) and the Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Questionnaire...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600645/acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-perinatal-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-development-of-an-inpatient-group-intervention
#6
REVIEW
Alexa Bonacquisti, Matthew J Cohen, Crystal Edler Schiller
Perinatal mood and anxiety disorders are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality for childbearing women. Current treatments, such as cognitive behavioral therapy and interpersonal therapy, have demonstrated modest success in addressing perinatal psychiatric symptoms; however, additional treatment options are needed to address the limitations of current approaches, particularly for women experiencing moderate to severe perinatal mental illness during pregnancy or postpartum. We discuss the use of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) as a promising treatment approach that may be uniquely suited for perinatal women due to its emphasis of values, mindfulness, and acceptance; these psychological constructs notably address the significant psychiatric and behavioral health condition comorbidity, somatic symptoms, and stigma associated with perinatal mood and anxiety disorders...
June 10, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600644/women-s-experiences-of-participating-in-a-prospective-longitudinal-postpartum-depression-study-insights-for-perinatal-mental-health-researchers
#7
Heather J Andrighetti, Alicia Semaka, Jehannine C Austin
Barriers to recruitment for research on mental illness include participant distrust of researchers and social stigma. Though these issues may be acutely important in perinatal mental health research, they remain unexplored in this context. In order to inform strategies to more fully engage women in perinatal mental health research, we explored the motivations and experiences of women with a history of major depressive disorder who participated in a prospective longitudinal research study on postpartum depression (PPD)...
June 10, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598137/the-effectiveness-of-psychosocial-assessment-in-the-detection-and-management-of-postpartum-depression-a-systematic-review
#8
Ethel Felice, Andee Agius, Roberta Sultana, Elena M Felice, Jean Calleja-Agius
INTRODUCTION: Perinatal mental disorders remain a public health concern. A psychosocial assessment gives a comprehensive understanding of a woman's circumstances by identifying risk factors that affect the overall mental state and function of the woman. The aim was to evaluate the current international evidence regarding the effectiveness of psychosocial assessments in the detection and management of postpartum depression. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Six health related databases were systematically searched from January 2000 to June 2016...
June 9, 2017: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594092/understanding-the-relationship-between-cesarean-birth-and-stress-anxiety-and-depression-after-childbirth-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#9
Hung-Hui Chen, Jerry Cheng-Yen Lai, Shyh-Jou Hwang, Nicole Huang, Yiing-Jenq Chou, Li-Yin Chien
BACKGROUND: Women who undergo cesarean birth might have an increased risk for poor mental health after childbirth, possibly because of maternal and neonatal physical problems, low parental confidence, and decreased levels of oxytocin. However, this relationship remains controversial and requires further examination. The study aimed to examine the effect of cesarean birth on postpartum stress, anxiety, and depression. METHODS: This nationwide population-based cohort study was conducted using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Database...
June 8, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593361/different-patterns-of-depressive-symptoms-during-pregnancy
#10
Sophie E M Truijens, Viola Spek, Maarten J M van Son, S Guid Oei, Victor J M Pop
Recently, the US Preventive Services Task Force has advocated to screen pregnant and postpartum women for depression. However, we questioned the meaning of a single elevated depression score: does it represent just one episode of depression or do these symptoms persist throughout the entire pregnancy? This study assessed depressive symptoms at each trimester in a cohort of 1813 pregnant women and evaluated whether women with different patterns of depressive symptoms showed other characteristics. Depending on the trimester, elevated depression scores were prevalent in 10-15% of the pregnant women...
June 8, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580656/prepartum-psychosis-and-neonaticide-rare-case-study-and-forensic-psychiatric-synthesis-of-literature
#11
Maria-Valeria Karakasi, Maria Markopoulou, Ioannis K Tentes, Panagiotis N Tsikouras, Epameinondas Vasilikos, Pavlos Pavlidis
Peripartum psychosis is a rare but serious psychiatric disorder characterized by the presence of a mood episode with psychotic features. Although controversy surrounds the nosological status of peripartum mental disorders, these conditions continue to be of exceptional interest to the medical and forensic mental health communities. The aim of this study was to report a rare case of prepartum psychosis which escalated to the endpoint of neonaticide and summarize literature on peripartum mental disorders and infanticide...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574762/body-image-eating-attitudes-and-breastfeeding-intention-implications-for-mental-health-and-maternal-child-nurses
#12
Karen Mancini
Body image dissatisfaction and disordered eating are often overlooked as personal factors that may affect pregnancy, postpartum, and infant feeding method. The current study compared body image, eating attitudes, and breastfeeding intention of first-time breastfeeding mothers to first-time non-breastfeeding mothers. A two-group, comparative design was used to analyze data for first-time mothers recruited through a large pediatric practice with multiple offices. Although there was no significant difference in body image scores between the groups, the literature suggests that body image dissatisfaction can affect the transition to motherhood and lead to more serious mental health issues...
June 2, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569436/sociodemographic-physical-mental-and-social-factors-in-the-cessation-of-breastfeeding-before-6-months-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Elisabeth Mangrio, Karin Persson, Ann-Cathrine Bramhagen
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization recommends exclusive breastfeeding as the main source of nutrition for infants during their first 6 months of life. However, despite this well-known recommendation, not all mothers breastfeed, whether partly or fully, during this time. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic literature review was to compile evidence regarding sociodemographic, physical, mental and social factors that influence breastfeeding mothers to stop breastfeeding before the infant reaches 6 months...
June 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562247/neurodevelopment-the-impact-of-nutrition-and-inflammation-during-preconception-and-pregnancy-in-low-resource-settings
#14
Betty R Vohr, Elysia Poggi Davis, Christine A Wanke, Nancy F Krebs
The rapid pace of fetal development by far exceeds any other stage of the life span, and thus, environmental influences can profoundly alter the developmental course. Stress during the prenatal period, including malnutrition and inflammation, impact maternal and fetal neurodevelopment with long-term consequences for physical and mental health of both the mother and her child. One primary consequence of maternal malnutrition, inflammation, and other sources of prenatal stress is a poor birth outcome, such as prematurity or growth restriction...
April 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562128/recent-status-of-pregnant-women-with-mental-disorders-at-a-japanese-perinatal-center
#15
Shunji Suzuki
INTRODUCTION: Recently, we have been providing comprehensive treatment for pregnant women with mental disorders involving specialists from multiple fields in cooperation with local administrative agencies. In this study, we examined the outcomes of treatment for women with perinatal mental disorders in our institute to evaluate the effect of our recent approach to improve perinatal mental health. METHODS: We retrospectively compared the outcomes between pregnant women with mental disorders who delivered from April 2015 through March 2017 with those from April 2009 through March 2011...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560935/medical-and-psychosocial-determinants-of-risk-of-postpartum-depression-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Karolina Maliszewska, Mariola Bidzan, Małgorzata Świątkowska-Freund, Krzysztof Preis
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the degree of risk of maternal postpartum depression during the second month of puerperium. METHOD: In total, 387 postnatal women filled out a questionnaire concerning their health and social status, as well as the following tests: the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), the Neo Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) Personality Inventory and the Berlin Social Support Scales...
May 31, 2017: Acta Neuropsychiatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556692/war-trauma-and-maternal-fetal-attachment-predicting-maternal-mental-health-infant-development-and-dyadic-interaction-in-palestinian-families
#17
Raija-Leena Punamäki, Sanna Isosävi, Samir R Qouta, Saija Kuittinen, Safwat Y Diab
Optimal maternal-fetal attachment (MFA) is believed to be beneficial for infant well-being and dyadic interaction, but research is scarce in general and among risk populations. Our study involved dyads living in war conditions and examined how traumatic war trauma associates with MFA and which factors mediate that association. It also modeled the role of MFA in predicting newborn health, infant development, mother-infant interaction, and maternal postpartum mental health. Palestinian women from the Gaza Strip (N = 511) participated during their second trimester (T1), and when their infants were 4 (T2) and 12 (T3) months...
May 30, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550446/short-stay-vs-long-stay-postpartum-psychiatric-admissions-a-population-based-study
#18
Inbal Shlomi-Polachek, Kinwah Fung, Samantha Meltzer-Brody, Simone N Vigod
About 1-2/1000 of postpartum women require psychiatric admission. Length of stay is variable, and little is known about short postpartum admission. From all women in Ontario, Canada, with a psychiatric admission within 1 year postpartum (2007-2012) (n = 1702), we compared women with admissions <72 h to women with longer admissions on sociodemographics, clinical characteristics and post-discharge mental health service use. About 37% of admissions were <72 h. These women were more likely to be adolescents (11...
May 26, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549455/inter-act-prevention-of-pregnancy-complications-through-an-e-health-driven-interpregnancy-lifestyle-intervention-study-protocol-of-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Annick Bogaerts, Lieveke Ameye, Margriet Bijlholt, Kelly Amuli, Dorine Heynickx, Roland Devlieger
BACKGROUND: Excessive maternal pre-pregnancy and gestational weight gain are related to pregnancy- and birth outcomes. The interpregnancy time window offers a unique opportunity to intervene in order to acquire a healthy lifestyle before the start of a new pregnancy. METHODS: INTER-ACT is an e-health driven multicentre randomised controlled intervention trial targeting women at high risk of pregnancy- and birth related complications. Eligible women are recruited for the study at day 2 or 3 postpartum...
May 26, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538937/-mother-child-relationship-and-associated-factors-hierarchical-analysis-of-the-population-base-in-a-brazilian-state-capital-brisa-study
#20
Milady Cutrim Vieira Cavalcante, Fernando Lamy, Ana Karina Teixeira da Cunha França, Zeni Carvalho Lamy
Several factors can interfere in the mother-child relationship. Studies about different maternal characteristics and this relationship are scarce; they mainly evaluate women with psychopathology and use simultaneous regression models with adjustment for multiple confounders. This study aimed to assess factors associated with losses in the mother-child relationship through a cohort of 3,215 mothers of children between 15 and 36 months of age. Losses in the mother-child relationship, assessed by the Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire, was the outcome variable and the explanatory variables were demographic, socioeconomic, reproductive health and mental health of mothers as well as the conditions of the birth of children...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
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