keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Postnatal anxiety

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888073/early-life-inflammation-with-lps-delays-fear-extinction-in-adult-rodents
#1
V M Doenni, C M Song, M N Hill, Q J Pittman
A large body of evidence has been brought forward connecting developmental immune activation to abnormal fear and anxiety levels. Anxiety disorders have extremely high lifetime prevalence, yet susceptibility factors that contribute to their emergence are poorly understood. In this research we investigated whether an inflammatory insult early in life can alter the response to fear conditioning in adulthood. Fear learning and extinction are important and adaptive behaviors, mediated largely by the amygdala and its interconnectivity with cortico-limbic circuits...
November 22, 2016: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884667/persistent-pain-after-caesarean-section-and-its-association-with-maternal-anxiety-and-socioeconomic-background
#2
B Daly, S Young, R Marla, L Riddell, R Junkin, N Weidenhammer, J Dolan, J Kinsella, R Zhang
BACKGROUND: Pain, both from the surgical site, and from other sources such as musculoskeletal backache, can persist after caesarean section. In this study of a predominantly socially deprived population we have sought to prospectively examine the association between antenatal maternal anxiety and socioeconomic background and the development of persistent pain of all sources after caesarean section. METHODS: Demographic details and an anxiety questionnaire were completed by 205 women before elective caesarean section...
October 13, 2016: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874237/tactile-stimulation-during-different-developmental-periods-modifies-hippocampal-bdnf-and-gr-affecting-memory-and-behavior-in-adult-rats
#3
Caren T D Antoniazzi, Vinícia G Metz, Karine Roversi, Daniele L Freitas, Luciana T Vey, Verônica T Dias, Hecson J Segat, Marta M M F Duarte, Marilise Escobar Bürger
Recent studies have shown that tactile stimulation (TS) in pups is able to prevent and/or minimize fear, anxiety behaviors, and addiction to psychostimulant drugs in adult rats. In these studies, animals have been exposed to handling from postnatal day (PND) 1 to 21. The present study was designed to precisely establish which period of preweaning development has a greater influence of TS on neuronal development. After birth, male pups were exposed to TS from PND1 to 7, PND8 to 14, and PND15 to 21. In adulthood, the different periods of postnatal TS were assessed through behavioral, biochemical and molecular assessments...
November 22, 2016: Hippocampus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873013/neonatal-l-glutamine-modulates-anxiety-like-behavior-cortical-spreading-depression-and-microglial-immunoreactivity-analysis-in-developing-rats-suckled-on-normal-size-and-large-size-litters
#4
Denise Sandrelly Cavalcanti de Lima, Elian da Silva Francisco, Cássia Borges Lima, Rubem Carlos Araújo Guedes
In mammals, L-glutamine (Gln) can alter the glutamate-Gln cycle and consequently brain excitability. Here, we investigated in developing rats the effect of treatment with different doses of Gln on anxiety-like behavior, cortical spreading depression (CSD), and microglial activation expressed as Iba1-immunoreactivity. Wistar rats were suckled in litters with 9 and 15 pups (groups L 9 and L 15; respectively, normal size- and large size litters). From postnatal days (P) 7-27, the animals received Gln per gavage (250, 500 or 750 mg/kg/day), or vehicle (water), or no treatment (naive)...
November 21, 2016: Amino Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870989/maternal-postpartum-depressive-symptoms-predict-delay-in-non-verbal-communication-in-14-month-old-infants
#5
Emiko Kawai, Shu Takagai, Nori Takei, Hiroaki Itoh, Naohiro Kanayama, Kenji J Tsuchiya
We investigated the potential relationship between maternal depressive symptoms during the postpartum period and non-verbal communication skills of infants at 14 months of age in a birth cohort study of 951 infants and assessed what factors may influence this association. Maternal depressive symptoms were measured using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale, and non-verbal communication skills were measured using the MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventories, which include Early Gestures and Later Gestures domains...
November 18, 2016: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864246/preventing-postnatal-maternal-mental-health-problems-using-a-psychoeducational-intervention-the-cost-effectiveness-of-what-were-we-thinking
#6
Jemimah Ride, Paula Lorgelly, Thach Tran, Karen Wynter, Heather Rowe, Jane Fisher
OBJECTIVES: Postnatal maternal mental health problems, including depression and anxiety, entail a significant burden globally, and finding cost-effective preventive solutions is a public policy priority. This paper presents a cost-effectiveness analysis of the intervention, What Were We Thinking (WWWT), for the prevention of postnatal maternal mental health problems. DESIGN: The economic evaluation, including cost-effectiveness and cost-utility analyses, was conducted alongside a cluster-randomised trial...
November 18, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863498/factors-affecting-implementation-of-perinatal-mental-health-screening-in-women-of-refugee-background
#7
Nishani Nithianandan, Melanie Gibson-Helm, Jacquie McBride, Amanda Binny, Kylie M Gray, Christine East, Jacqueline A Boyle
BACKGROUND: For women of refugee background, the increased risk of mental illness associated with pregnancy is compounded by pre- and post-settlement stressors. In Australia, antenatal screening for depression and anxiety symptoms using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale is recommended for all women. Despite this, screening is not routinely implemented and little is known about barriers and enablers to implementation for women of refugee background. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with a range of health professionals (n = 28: midwives, obstetricians, perinatal mental health and refugee health experts, interpreters) and women of refugee background (n = 9)...
November 18, 2016: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861713/sleep-quality-during-pregnancy-associations-with-depressive-and-anxiety-symptoms
#8
Päivi Polo-Kantola, Linda Aukia, Hasse Karlsson, Linnea Karlsson, E Juulia Paavonen
Sleep disturbances are common during pregnancy, yet underdiagnosed and under-investigated. We evaluated sleep quality during pregnancy and assessed associated factors, especially depressive and anxiety symptoms MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 78 healthy pregnant women from the FinnBrain Birth Cohort Study were studied twice prospectively during pregnancy (in mid-pregnancy and late pregnancy). Sleep quality was evaluated by the Basic Nordic Sleep Questionnaire, depressive symptoms by the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale, and anxiety symptoms by the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory RESULTS: Poor general sleep quality, difficulty falling asleep, the number of nocturnal awakenings per night, and too early morning awakenings increased in late pregnancy compared to mid-pregnancy (all p-values < 0...
November 12, 2016: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855515/influence-of-obstetrical-events-on-satisfaction-and-anxiety-during-childbirth-a-prospective-longitudinal-study
#9
Lucia Floris, Olivier Irion, Delphine Courvoisier
The aim of this study was to investigate the feelings of anxiety and satisfaction among 79 primiparas who had uncomplicated pregnancies, at the time of hospital admission and after birth, considering the mode of delivery, analgesia, and pain levels. Questionnaires were completed at admission to the hospital and two months after delivery, using the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) state scale and the Labour Agentry Scale. The mean (SD) STAI state score was higher at admission (36.7 (10.7)) than 4 months after childbirth (32...
November 17, 2016: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855105/impact-of-preterm-birth-on-maternal-well-being-and-women-s-perceptions-of-their-baby-a-population-based-survey
#10
Jane Henderson, Claire Carson, Maggie Redshaw
BACKGROUND: Approximately 15 million babies were born preterm worldwide in 2010 and in England in 2014 there were 52 249 preterm births. Preterm babies are at increased risk of poor outcomes and this can put enormous strain on the family. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to test the hypothesis that giving birth preterm affects maternal health, mood and well-being, and alters women's feelings and perceptions about their baby. METHODS: Data collected in a population-based survey of maternity care in England in 2014 were used...
October 8, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845188/anxiety-and-depressive-like-profiles-during-early-and-mid-adolescence-in-the-female-wistar-kyoto-rat
#11
Deepthi D'Souza, Monika Sadananda
Approaches for the development of preclinical models of depression extensively use adult and male animals owing to the discrepancies arising out of the hormonal flux in adult females and adolescents during attainment of puberty. Thus the increased vulnerability of females towards clinical depression and anxiety-related disorders remains incompletely understood. Development of clinical models of depression in adolescent females is essential in order to evolve effective treatment strategies for adolescent depression...
November 11, 2016: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844058/western-high-fat-diet-consumption-during-adolescence-increases-susceptibility-to-traumatic-stress-while-selectively-disrupting-hippocampal-and-ventricular-volumes
#12
Priya Kalyan-Masih, Julio David Vega-Torres, Christina Miles, Elizabeth Haddad, Sabrina Rainsbury, Mohsen Baghchechi, Andre Obenaus, Johnny D Figueroa
Psychological trauma and obesity co-occur frequently and have been identified as major risk factors for psychiatric disorders. Surprisingly, preclinical studies examining how obesity disrupts the ability of the brain to cope with psychological trauma are lacking. The objective of this study was to determine whether an obesogenic Western-like high-fat diet (WD) predisposes rats to post-traumatic stress responsivity. Adolescent Lewis rats (postnatal day 28) were fed ad libitum for 8 weeks with either the experimental WD diet (41...
September 2016: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837571/maternal-screening-for-early-postnatal-vulnerability
#13
V G Vivilaki, V Dafermos, Ev Patelarou, D Bick, Ar Syngelaki, N D Tsopelas, P Bitsios, E T Petridou, Al N Vgontzas, Chr Lionis
Research has highlighted the wide impact of maternal mental health problems during and beyond the postpartum period and the public health role of community health professionals in early detection of women who may be at risk. This paper aims to describe, explore and test an a priori hypothesised conceptual model of postnatal experience, identifying the relationships between postnatal mental vulnerability and postnatal adjustment to maternal roles and attitudes, marital/partner-relationship and sense of coherence...
July 2016: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837388/a-longitudinal-study-of-pre-pregnancy-and-pregnancy-risk-factors-associated-with-antenatal-and-postnatal-symptoms-of-depression-evidence-from-growing-up-in-new-zealand
#14
Lisa Underwood, Karen E Waldie, Stephanie D'Souza, Elizabeth R Peterson, Susan M B Morton
Objectives Antenatal and postnatal depression can lead to poor outcomes for women and their children. The aim of this study was to explore whether risk factors differ for depression symptoms that are present during pregnancy and/or after childbirth. Methods An ethnically and socioeconomically diverse sample of 5301 women completed interviews during the third trimester of pregnancy and 9 months after childbirth. Depression symptoms were measured using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). Depression symptoms (defined as EPDS >12) among participants and associations with pre-pregnancy and pregnancy maternal characteristics were explored using logistic regression...
November 11, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832221/understanding-how-postnatal-depression-screening-and-early-intervention-work-in-the-real-world-a-singaporean-perspective
#15
Theresa My Lee, Dianne Bautista, Helen Y Chen
Postnatal depression is a major public health problem with clearly established adverse effects in child outcomes. This study examines the 4-year outcomes of a screening and early intervention programme, in relation to improvement in symptoms, functioning and health quality of life. Women were prospectively recruited up to 6 months postdelivery, using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) as a screening tool. High-scorers (EPDS >13), were offered psychiatric consultation, and those with borderline scores (EPDS 10-12) were provided counselling, and offered follow-up phone counselling by the assigned case manager...
October 2016: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818641/parental-relationship-with-twins-from-pregnancy-to-3-months-the-relation-among-parenting-stress-infant-temperament-and-well-being
#16
Laura E Prino, Luca Rollè, Cristina Sechi, Luciana Patteri, Anna Ambrosoli, Angela M Caldarera, Eva Gerino, Piera Brustia
Objective: The transition to parenthood, from pregnancy to postpartum period, is a critical process, particularly for couples expecting twins. There is very little literature regarding the links between anxiety, depression, dyadic adjustment, parental stress, and infant temperament spanning from pregnancy to postpartum. This study has two aims: first, to examine whether mothers' and fathers' anxiety, depression, and dyadic adjustment, assessed at the sixth month of pregnancy and 3 months postpartum, are associated with infants' negative affectivity (NA) and parenting stress; second, to examine whether there is any difference between fathers' and mothers' levels of parenting stress and perception of the twins' temperament, as well as to evaluate, separately for mothers and fathers, whether the levels of parenting stress and perception of child temperament differ for each twin...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818267/postnatal-development-of-neurotransmitter-systems-and-their-relevance-to-extinction-of-conditioned-fear
#17
REVIEW
Jee Hyun Kim, Christina J Perry, Despina E Ganella, Heather B Madsen
Remembering and forgetting are fundamental features of an organism. Extinction is a type of forgetting where there is a decrease in the significance and/or the meaning of an associative memory when elements of that memory no longer predict one another. The neural mechanisms underlying extinction of fear memories have been extensively studied in the laboratory because extinction processes are clinically relevant to exposure therapies that treat anxiety disorders. However, only in the last decade have we begun to unveil the similarities and differences in plasticity underlying extinction across development...
November 4, 2016: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801508/long-lasting-effects-of-chronic-intermittent-alcohol-exposure-in-adolescent-mice-on-object-recognition-and-hippocampal-neuronal-activity
#18
Gregory Beaudet, Samuel Valable, Joanna Bourgine, Véronique Lelong-Boulouard, Laurence Lanfumey, Thomas Freret, Michel Boulouard, Eleni Paizanis
BACKGROUND: Binge drinking is popular and highly prevalent in teenagers. However, the long-term cognitive and neurobiological consequences of such practices are not yet fully understood. In this context, we therefore assessed in mice whether a chronic intermittent alcohol (CIA) exposure in adolescence had long-term consequences on object discrimination and memory performances, emotional behaviors, brain activity, and morphology. METHODS: C57BL/6JRj mice were treated with either saline or ethanol (EtOH) (2 g/kg/d, i...
December 2016: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790100/post-weaning-environmental-enrichment-but-not-chronic-maternal-isolation-enhanced-ethanol-intake-during-periadolescence-and-early-adulthood
#19
Luciana R Berardo, María C Fabio, Ricardo M Pautassi
This study analyzed ethanol intake in male and female Wistar rats exposed to maternal separation (MS) during infancy (postnatal days 1-21, PD1-21) and environmental enrichment (EE) during adolescence (PD 21-42). Previous work revealed that MS enhances ethanol consumption during adulthood. It is still unknown if a similar effect is found during adolescence. Several studies, in turn, have revealed that EE reverses stress experiences, and reduces ethanol consumption and reinforcement; although others reported greater ethanol intake after EE...
2016: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761915/respiratory-sinus-arrhythmia-moderates-the-impact-of-maternal-prenatal-anxiety-on-infant-negative-affectivity
#20
Mikko J Peltola, Tiina Mäkelä, E Juulia Paavonen, Elina Vierikko, Outi Saarenpää-Heikkilä, Tiina Paunio, Jari K Hietanen, Anneli Kylliäinen
Maternal prenatal anxiety is associated with infants' temperamental negative affectivity (NA), but it is unclear to what extent children vary in their susceptibility to prenatal influences. We tested a hypothesis that infants' respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), an index of parasympathetic vagal tone and a potential marker of differential susceptibility to environmental influences, moderates the effects of maternal prenatal anxiety on the development of infant NA. Prenatal anxiety was assessed during the last trimester of pregnancy in a low-risk community sample...
October 20, 2016: Developmental Psychobiology
keyword
keyword
44373
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"