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Maternal mental health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551458/maternal-substance-use-and-child-protection-a-rapid-evidence-assessment-of-factors-associated-with-loss-of-child-care
#1
REVIEW
Martha Canfield, Polly Radcliffe, Sally Marlow, Marggie Boreham, Gail Gilchrist
This article reviews the literature on the factors associated with mothers who use substances losing care of their children. A rapid evidence assessment was conducted in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta Analyses. Medline and PsycINFO databases were searched to identify primary research studies published in English during January 2000-September 2016. Studies were included if they presented individual, formal support (e.g., receiving substance use treatment) or informal support (e...
May 25, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549455/inter-act-prevention-of-pregnancy-complications-through-an-e-health-driven-interpregnancy-lifestyle-intervention-study-protocol-of-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Annick Bogaerts, Lieveke Ameye, Margriet Bijlholt, Kelly Amuli, Dorine Heynickx, Roland Devlieger
BACKGROUND: Excessive maternal pre-pregnancy and gestational weight gain are related to pregnancy- and birth outcomes. The interpregnancy time window offers a unique opportunity to intervene in order to acquire a healthy lifestyle before the start of a new pregnancy. METHODS: INTER-ACT is an e-health driven multicentre randomised controlled intervention trial targeting women at high risk of pregnancy- and birth related complications. Eligible women are recruited for the study at day 2 or 3 postpartum...
May 26, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542256/maternal-depression-and-anxiety-disorders-mdad-and-child-development-a-manitoba-population-based-study
#3
Brenda Comaskey, Noralou P Roos, Marni Brownell, Murray W Enns, Dan Chateau, Chelsea A Ruth, Okechukwu Ekuma
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between maternal depression and anxiety disorders (MDAD) and child development assessed during the kindergarten year. METHODS: Administrative data from several health and social databases in Manitoba, Canada, were used to study 18,331 mother-child pairs. MDAD over the period from one year prior to the child's birth to the kindergarten year was defined using physician diagnoses and filled prescriptions. Child development was assessed during the kindergarten year using the Early Development Instrument (EDI) which measures vulnerability across five domains of development...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538937/-mother-child-relationship-and-associated-factors-hierarchical-analysis-of-the-population-base-in-a-brazilian-state-capital-brisa-study
#4
Milady Cutrim Vieira Cavalcante, Fernando Lamy, Ana Karina Teixeira da Cunha França, Zeni Carvalho Lamy
Several factors can interfere in the mother-child relationship. Studies about different maternal characteristics and this relationship are scarce; they mainly evaluate women with psychopathology and use simultaneous regression models with adjustment for multiple confounders. This study aimed to assess factors associated with losses in the mother-child relationship through a cohort of 3,215 mothers of children between 15 and 36 months of age. Losses in the mother-child relationship, assessed by the Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire, was the outcome variable and the explanatory variables were demographic, socioeconomic, reproductive health and mental health of mothers as well as the conditions of the birth of children...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534818/a-review-of-the-impact-of-maternal-obesity-on-the-cognitive-function-and-mental-health-of-the-offspring
#5
REVIEW
Laura Contu, Cheryl A Hawkes
Globally, more than 20% of women of reproductive age are currently estimated to be obese. Children born to obese mothers are at higher risk of developing obesity, coronary heart disease, diabetes, stroke, and asthma in adulthood. Increasing clinical and experimental evidence suggests that maternal obesity also affects the health and function of the offspring brain across the lifespan. This review summarizes the current findings from human and animal studies that detail the impact of maternal obesity on aspects of learning, memory, motivation, affective disorders, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, autism spectrum disorders, and neurodegeneration in the offspring...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525732/predictors-of-recovery-from-depression-and-anxiety-in-women-a-longitudinal-study-from-childbirth-to-6-years
#6
Radhika Shankar, Rinette Badker, Ursula Brain, Tim F Oberlander, Shaila Misri
OBJECTIVE: This study prospectively examined maternal biopsychosocial predictors of recovery from comorbid depression and anxiety from 25 weeks' gestation to 6 years postbirth. Specifically, the study investigated the influence of 1) maternal factors and 2) the child's behaviours and physical health on the course of the mother's depressed mood and anxiety. METHODS: Eighty-six women diagnosed with antenatal depression/anxiety were recruited through the Reproductive Mental Health Program and family practices in Vancouver...
May 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520758/cumulative-family-risks-across-income-levels-predict-deterioration-of-children-s-general-health-during-childhood-and-adolescence
#7
Yi-Ching Lin, Dong-Chul Seo
Family is considered an important agent in the health development of children. This process is significant but quite complex because the prevalence of potential risk factors in the family can hinder children's health. This study examined if multiple family risks might have cumulative effect on children and youth's health across various levels of household income. The data in this study were drawn from the 2011-2012 U.S. National Survey of Children's Health (N = 79,601). A cumulative family risk (CFR) index was developed, which included such constructs as single-parenthood, unstable employment, large family, parenting stress, poor maternal education, poor maternal general health and poor maternal mental health...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515007/effects-of-maternal-traumatic-distress-on-family-functioning-and-child-mental-health-an-examination-of-southeast-asian-refugee-families-in-the-u-s
#8
Cindy C Sangalang, Justin Jager, Tracy W Harachi
BACKGROUND: The psychological effects of trauma are well-documented among refugee adults and children alone, yet less research has attended to the intergenerational transmission of trauma within refugee families. Additionally, there is considerable diversity between refugee populations as well as within-group variation in the experiences and effects of refugee trauma. OBJECTIVE: The current study examines the longitudinal effects of maternal traumatic distress on family functioning and child mental health outcomes among Southeast Asian refugee women and their adolescent children...
May 11, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511138/neurodevelopment-for-the-first-three-years-following-prenatal-mobile-phone-use-radio-frequency-radiation-and-lead-exposure
#9
Kyung-Hwa Choi, Mina Ha, Eun-Hee Ha, Hyesook Park, Yangho Kim, Yun-Chul Hong, Ae-Kyoung Lee, Jong Hwa Kwon, Hyung-Do Choi, Nam Kim, Suejin Kim, Choonghee Park
BACKGROUND: Studies examining prenatal exposure to mobile phone use and its effect on child neurodevelopment show different results, according to child's developmental stages. OBJECTIVES: To examine neurodevelopment in children up to 36 months of age, following prenatal mobile phone use and radiofrequency radiation (RFR) exposure, in relation to prenatal lead exposure. METHODS: We analyzed 1198 mother-child pairs from a prospective cohort study (the Mothers and Children's Environmental Health Study)...
May 13, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511050/maternal-distress-in-late-pregnancy-alters-obstetric-outcomes-and-the-expression-of-genes-important-for-placental-glucocorticoid-signalling
#10
Katie L Togher, Eimear Treacy, Gerard W O'Keeffe, Louise C Kenny
The experience of maternal distress in pregnancy is often linked with poorer obstetric outcomes for women as well as adverse outcomes for offspring. Alterations in placental glucocorticoid signalling and subsequent increased fetal exposure to cortisol have been suggested to underlie this relationship. In the current study, 121 pregnant women completed the Perceived Stress Scale, State Trait Anxiety Inventory and Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale in the third trimester of pregnancy. Placental samples were collected after delivery...
May 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509564/maternal-time-use-and-nurturing-analysis-of-the-association-between-breastfeeding-practice-and-time-spent-interacting-with-baby
#11
Julie P Smith, Robert Forrester
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding supports child development through complex mechanisms that are not well understood. Numerous studies have compared how well breastfeeding and nonbreastfeeding mothers interact with their child, but few examine how much interaction occurs. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Our study of weekly time use among 156 mothers of infants aged 3-9 months investigated whether lactating mothers spend more time providing emotional support or cognitive stimulation of their infants than nonbreastfeeding mothers, and whether the amount of such interactive time is associated with breastfeeding intensity...
May 16, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500920/the-impact-of-delayed-rapid-response-call-activation-on-patient-outcomes
#12
Sachin Gupta, Cameron Green, Ashwin Subramaniam, Lim Dee Zhen, Elizabeth Low, Ravindranath Tiruvoipati
PURPOSE: To investigate the impact of delay in rapid response call (RRC) activation on Hospital mortality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted in a university affiliated hospital providing medical, surgical, mental health, maternity, and pediatric services. RRCs were considered delayed if RRC activation was delayed by ≥15min. The primary outcome measure was in-hospital mortality. Secondary outcomes included hospital length of stay (LOS), requirement of ICU admission, as well as requirement of mechanical ventilation and ICU LOS for patients requiring ICU admission...
May 6, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499376/benefits-of-preparing-for-childbirth-with-mindfulness-training-a-randomized-controlled-trial-with-active-comparison
#13
Larissa G Duncan, Michael A Cohn, Maria T Chao, Joseph G Cook, Jane Riccobono, Nancy Bardacke
BACKGROUND: Childbirth fear is linked with lower labor pain tolerance and worse postpartum adjustment. Empirically validated childbirth preparation options are lacking for pregnant women facing this problem. Mindfulness approaches, now widely disseminated, can alleviate symptoms of both chronic and acute pain and improve psychological adjustment, suggesting potential benefit when applied to childbirth education. METHODS: This study, the Prenatal Education About Reducing Labor Stress (PEARLS) study, is a randomized controlled trial (RCT; n = 30) of a short, time-intensive, 2...
May 12, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498730/exploring-the-association-of-maternal-adverse-childhood-experiences-with-maternal-health-and-child-behavior-following-intimate-partner-violence
#14
Nina Fredland, Judith McFarlane, Lene Symes, John Maddoux
BACKGROUND: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have been empirically linked to a host of negative health outcomes, both physical and psychosocial. Exposures to ACEs make individuals more susceptible to conditions such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancers, and depression. Many of these conditions do not appear until sometime in adolescence or adulthood and have been linked to premature death. OBJECTIVE: This study explores the association between the number and type of exposure to ACEs in women (mothers) who experienced intimate partner violence and health outcomes...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494225/what-about-me-the-loss-of-self-through-the-experience-of-traumatic-childbirth
#15
Veronica Byrne, Jonathan Egan, Pádraig Mac Neela, Kiran Sarma
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: birth trauma has become an increasingly recognised maternal mental health issue and has important implications for both mother and infant. The importance of subjective birth experience in the development of birth trauma has been identified and may mediate the lack of theoretical consistency in this area. The current study aims to explore the subjective experience of birth trauma among first time mothers in Ireland. It aims to separate the potential effects of peripartum depression (PPD) from this in limiting this qualitative investigation to women who reported birth trauma, without PPD...
May 1, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482994/assessing-the-mental-health-needs-of-pregnant-adolescents-health-literacy-frameworks-to-guide-research-and-practice
#16
Pamela Recto, Jane Dimmitt Champion, Michael Mackert
BACKGROUND: Psychological distress negatively impacts fetal development and may result in complications such as preterm delivery, low infant birth weight, and poor maternal-infant attachment during the postpartum period. Female adolescents may be experiencing environmental and psychosocial stressors during the pre- and postnatal periods that may predispose them to psychological distress. Health literacy has been used to assess the needs of individuals who have chronic illnesses. Mental health literacy however has not been assessed as extensively, particularly among pregnant adolescents...
May 1, 2017: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481561/trauma-exposure-ptsd-and-parenting-in-a-community-sample-of-low-income-predominantly-african-american-mothers-and-children
#17
Dorthie Cross, L Alexander Vance, Ye Ji Kim, Andrew L Ruchard, Nathan Fox, Tanja Jovanovic, Bekh Bradley
OBJECTIVES: Trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are associated with problematic parenting and incidence of trauma and PTSD in children of affected parents. In communities impacted by frequent trauma, parenting may be particularly important to children's PTSD risk. The authors examined relationships among maternal and child trauma and mental health, as well as problematic parenting. METHOD: The authors recruited 112 mother-child dyads (50 girls, 62 boys; ages 8-12 years old) from a community sample of low-income, primarily African American families...
May 8, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476427/clinical-phenotypes-of-perinatal-depression-and-time-of-symptom-onset-analysis-of-data-from-an-international-consortium
#18
Karen T Putnam, Marsha Wilcox, Emma Robertson-Blackmore, Katherine Sharkey, Veerle Bergink, Trine Munk-Olsen, Kristina M Deligiannidis, Jennifer Payne, Margaret Altemus, Jeffrey Newport, Gisele Apter, Emmanuel Devouche, Alexander Viktorin, Patrik Magnusson, Brenda Penninx, Anne Buist, Justin Bilszta, Michael O'Hara, Scott Stuart, Rebecca Brock, Sabine Roza, Henning Tiemeier, Constance Guille, C Neill Epperson, Deborah Kim, Peter Schmidt, Pedro Martinez, Arianna Di Florio, Katherine L Wisner, Zachary Stowe, Ian Jones, Patrick F Sullivan, David Rubinow, Kevin Wildenhaus, Samantha Meltzer-Brody
BACKGROUND: The perinatal period is a time of high risk for onset of depressive disorders and is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality, including maternal suicide. Perinatal depression comprises a heterogeneous group of clinical subtypes, and further refinement is needed to improve treatment outcomes. We sought to empirically identify and describe clinically relevant phenotypic subtypes of perinatal depression, and further characterise subtypes by time of symptom onset within pregnancy and three post-partum periods...
May 3, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473798/the-relationship-between-parenting-styles-and-adolescents-social-anxiety-in-migrant-families-a-study-in-guangdong-china
#19
Jihong Xu, Shiguang Ni, Maosheng Ran, Chengping Zhang
Previous studies indicated that parenting styles were important influencing factors for the development of children's well-being. It is known that mass migration to the cities in China will affect family relations. However, few studies focused on the relationship between parenting styles and adolescents' mental health in migrant families. Thus, this study aimed to investigate how parenting styles could affect adolescent's social anxiety in migrant families. A total number of 1,345 adolescents in migrant families from four non-government-funded junior middle schools in Guangdong province formed the research sample...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472631/perinatal-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitor-medication-ssri-effects-on-social-behaviors-neurodevelopment-and-the-epigenome
#20
REVIEW
Mary Gemmel, Eszter Bögi, Christina Ragan, Mariah Hazlett, Michal Dubovicky, Daniel L van den Hove, Tim F Oberlander, Thierry D Charlier, Jodi L Pawluski
Recent research has linked early life exposure to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor medications (SSRIs) to modifications of social behaviors in children. Serotonin is a key regulator of neurodevelopment, social behaviors and mental health, and with the growing use of SSRIs to treat maternal affective disorders during the perinatal period, questions have been raised about the benefits and risks of SSRI exposure on the developing child. This review will highlight how perinatal SSRIs affect maternal care and neurodevelopmental outcomes related to social affiliative behaviors in offspring; such as play behaviors, social interactions, reproductive behaviors, and maternal care of the next generation...
May 1, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
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