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Endothelial progenitor cell

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631889/microrna-containing-extracellular-vesicles-released-from-endothelial-colony-forming-cells-modulate-angiogenesis-during-ischaemic-retinopathy
#1
Margaret Dellett, Eoin D Brown, Jasenka Guduric-Fuchs, Anna O'Connor, Alan W Stitt, Reinhold J Medina, David A Simpson
Endothelial colony-forming cells (ECFCs) are a defined subtype of endothelial progenitors that modulate vascular repair and promote perfusion in ischaemic tissues. Their paracrine activity on resident vasculature is ill-defined, but mediated, at least in part, by the transfer of extracellular vesicles (EVs). To evaluate the potential of isolated EVs to provide an alternative to cell-based therapies, we first performed a physical and molecular characterization of those released by ECFCs. Their effects upon endothelial cells in vitro and angiogenesis in vivo in a model of proliferative retinopathy were assessed...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630660/npc-exs-alleviate-endothelial-oxidative-stress-and-dysfunction-through-the-mir-210-downstream-nox2-and-vegfr2-pathways
#2
Hua Liu, Jinju Wang, Yusen Chen, Yanfang Chen, Xiaotang Ma, Ji C Bihl, Yi Yang
We have demonstrated that neural progenitor cells (NPCs) protect endothelial cells (ECs) from oxidative stress. Since exosomes (EXs) can convey the benefit of parent cells through their carried microRNAs (miRs) and miR-210 is ubiquitously expressed with versatile functions, we investigated the role of miR-210 in the effects of NPC-EXs on oxidative stress and dysfunction in ECs. NPCs were transfected with control and miR-210 scramble/inhibitor/mimic to generate NPC-EXs(con), NPC-EXs(sc), NPC-EXs(anti-miR-210), and NPC-EXs(miR-210)...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629023/heparin-dna-aptamer-co-assembled-multifunctional-catecholamine-coating-for-epc-capture-and-improved-hemocompatibility-of-vascular-devices
#3
Jinchuan Deng, Shuheng Yuan, Xin Li, Kebing Wang, Lingxia Xie, Na Li, Jin Wang, Nan Huang
Good hemocompatibility and rapid endothelialization are two key factors in the success of stent interventional therapy. In this study, aptamers with the ability to capture endothelial progenitors and anticoagulant molecular heparin were successfully immobilized on the surface of dopamine/polyethylenimine (PDA/PEI) copolymer coating via electrostatic interaction. The results of X-ray spectroscopy (XPS), water contact angle (WCA), and immunofluorescence staining tests confirmed the successful introduction of heparin and aptamers...
October 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627605/mesenchymal-stem-cells-promote-endothelial-progenitor-cell-proliferation-by-secreting-insulin%C3%A2-like-growth-factor%C3%A2-1
#4
Jixue Hou, Xinyu Peng, Jing Wang, Hongwei Zhang, Jie Xia, Quanhu Ge, Xiaoyi Wang, Xueling Chen, Xiangwei Wu
Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) interact with each other. EPCs are able to promote the self‑renewal of MSCs as niche cells in murine bone marrow, and MSCs are able to promote EPC proliferation in vitro in a co‑culture system. It has previously been reported that MSCs can secrete insulin‑like growth factor‑1 (IGF‑1), which serves critical functions in EPC proliferation. However, the mechanism underlying the IGF‑1‑mediated proliferation of EPCs remains unclear...
June 9, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626368/crosstalk-between-stem-and-progenitor-cellular-mediators-with-special-emphasis-on-vasculogenesis
#5
REVIEW
Rokhsareh Rohban, Barbara Prietl, Thomas R Pieber
The cellular components and molecular processes of signaling during vasculogenesis have been investigated for decades. Considerable efforts have been made to unravel regulatory mechanisms of vasculogenesis through crosstalk between vasculogenic playmakers located in the vascular niche, namely hematopoietic stem cells, endothelial progenitor cells, and mesenchymal stem and progenitor cells. Recent studies have increased the knowledge about signaling events within vascular microenvironment that leads to vasculogenesis...
June 2017: Transfusion Medicine and Hemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626366/current-developments-in-mobilization-of-hematopoietic-stem-and-progenitor-cells-and-their-interaction-with-niches-in-bone-marrow
#6
REVIEW
Rudolf Richter, Wolfgang Forssmann, Reinhard Henschler
The clinical application of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) has evolved from a highly experimental stage in the 1980s to a currently clinically established treatment for more than 20,000 patients annually who suffer from hematological malignancies and other severe diseases. Studies in numerous murine models have demonstrated that HSPCs reside in distinct niches within the bone marrow environment. Whereas transplanted HSPCs travel through the bloodstream and home to sites of hematopoiesis, HSPCs can be mobilized from these niches into the blood either physiologically or induced by pharmaceutical drugs...
June 2017: Transfusion Medicine and Hemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623398/endothelial-vascular-markers-in-coronary-surgery
#7
Diana M Valencia-Nuñez, Willy Kreutler, Javier Moya-Gonzalez, Pedro Alados-Arboledas, Ignacio Muñoz-Carvajal, Andrés Carmona, Rafael Ramirez-Chamond, Julia Carracedo-Añon
Coronary heart disease is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Endothelial dysfunction in affected patients is linked to long-term atherosclerotic disease progression and cardiovascular event rates. The present paper reports on changes in the levels of endothelial progenitor cells (VEGFR2/CD133/CD34), essential for endothelial repair, and of endothelial microvesicles (CD31/annexin V) as indicators of endothelial lesion, in patients undergoing coronary bypass surgery with respect both to baseline levels and to counts in healthy subjects...
June 16, 2017: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619079/association-between-high-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-and-hypertension-in-relation-to-circulating-cd34-positive-cell-levels
#8
Yuji Shimizu, Shimpei Sato, Jun Koyamatsu, Hirotomo Yamanashi, Mako Nagayoshi, Koichiro Kadota, Shin-Ya Kawashiri, Takahiro Maeda
BACKGROUND: Although high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL) level is inversely correlated with cardiovascular events, HDL is also reported to be positively associated with hypertension, which is a known endothelial impairment factor. Since HDL mediates important protective actions on the vascular endothelium by increasing the number of circulating endothelial progenitor cells (CD34-positive cells), the level of circulating CD34-positive cells should influence the association between HDL and hypertension...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Physiological Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618138/expansion-of-umbilical-cord-blood-aldehyde-dehydrogenase-expressing-cells-generates-myeloid-progenitor-cells-that-stimulate-limb-revascularization
#9
David M Putman, Tyler T Cooper, Stephen E Sherman, Ayesh K Seneviratne, Mark Hewitt, Gillian I Bell, David A Hess
Uncompromised by chronic disease-related comorbidities, human umbilical cord blood (UCB) progenitor cells with high aldehyde dehydrogenase activity (ALDH(hi) cells) stimulate blood vessel regeneration after intra-muscular transplantation. However, implementation of cellular therapies using UCB ALDH(hi) cells for critical limb ischemia, the most severe form of severe peripheral artery disease, is limited by the rarity (<0.5%) of these cells. Our goal was to generate a clinically-translatable, allogeneic cell population for vessel regenerative therapies, via ex vivo expansion of UCB ALDH(hi) cells without loss of pro-angiogenic potency...
June 15, 2017: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616217/is-chronic-kidney-disease-mineral-and-bone-disorder-associated-with-the-presence-of-endothelial-progenitor-cells-with-a-calcifying-phenotype
#10
Giuseppe Cianciolo, Irene Capelli, Maria Cappuccilli, Anna Scrivo, Chiara Donadei, Antonio Marchetti, Paola Rucci, Gaetano La Manna
Background: Chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD) has been implicated in vascular calcification pathogenesis. CKD-MBD results in alterations in the number and function of circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), physiological regulators of angiogenesis and vessel repair, commonly defined as proangiogenic progenitor cells (PACs) by the antigen pattern CD34+CD133+KDR+CD45- and putative EPCs by the pattern CD34+CD133-KDR+CD45-. These cells might acquire a calcifying phenotype in CKD-MBD, expressing mineralization biomarkers...
June 2017: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611001/improvement-of-endothelial-progenitor-outgrowth-cell-epoc-mediated-vascularization-in-gelatin-based-hydrogels-through-pore-size-manipulation
#11
Jiayin Fu, Christian Wiraja, Hamizan B Muhammad, Chenjie Xu, Dong-An Wang
In addition to chemical compositions, physical properties of scaffolds, such as pore size, can also influence vascularization within the scaffolds. A larger pore has been shown to improve host vascular tissue invasion into scaffolds. However, the influence of pore sizes on vascularization by endothelial cells directly encapsulated in hydrogels remains unknown. In this study, micro-cavitary hydrogels with different pore sizes were created in gelatin-methacrylate hydrogels with dissolvable gelatin microspheres (MS) varying in sizes...
June 10, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607561/the-transcription-factor-nrf2-protects-angiogenic-capacity-of-endothelial-colony-forming-cells-in-high-oxygen-radical-stress-conditions
#12
Hendrik Gremmels, Olivier G de Jong, Diënty H Hazenbrink, Joost O Fledderus, Marianne C Verhaar
BACKGROUND: Endothelial colony forming cells (ECFCs) have shown a promise in tissue engineering of vascular constructs, where they act as endothelial progenitor cells. After implantation, ECFCs are likely to be subjected to elevated reactive oxygen species (ROS). The transcription factor Nrf2 regulates the expression of antioxidant enzymes in response to ROS. METHODS: Stable knockdown of Nrf2 and Keap1 was achieved by transduction with lentiviral shRNAs; activation of Nrf2 was induced by incubation with sulforaphane (SFN)...
2017: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604360/chitosan-based-hydrogels-for-developing-a-small-diameter-vascular-graft-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-evaluation
#13
Audrey Aussel, Noélie Thébaud, Xavier Berard, Vincenzo Brizzi, Samantha Delmond, Reine Bareille, Robin Siadous, Chloe James, Jean Ripoche, Marlène Durand, Alexandra Montembault, Béatrice Burdin, Didier Letourneur, Nicolas L'Heureux, Laurent David, Laurence Bordenave
Vascular grafts made of synthetic polymers perform poorly in small-diameter applications (cardiac and peripheral bypass). Chitosan is a biocompatible natural polymer that can provide a novel biological scaffold for tissue engineering development. The goal of this study was to demonstrate the biocompatibility of a novel chitosan preparation in vitro and in vivo, and to assess its potential as a scaffold for vascular applications. Methods and Results. A series of experiments of increasing complexity, ranging from in vitro biocompatibility and hemocompatibility tests to in vivo studies in small and large animals (rat and sheep), was performed to provide a comprehensive analysis of chitosan hydrogels' biological properties...
June 12, 2017: Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602979/inhibition-of-cyp4a-by-a-novel-flavonoid-fla-16-prolongs-survival-and-normalizes-tumor-vasculature-in-glioma
#14
Chenlong Wang, Ying Li, Honglei Chen, Jie Zhang, Jing Zhang, Tian Qin, Chenfan Duan, Xuewei Chen, Yanzhuo Liu, Xiaoyang Zhou, Jing Yang
Glioblastomas rapidly become refractory to anti-VEGF therapies. We previously showed that cytochrome P450 (CYP) 4A-derived 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE) promotes angiogenesis. Here, we tested whether a novel flavonoid (FLA-16) prolongs survival and normalizes tumor vasculature in glioma through CYP4A inhibition. FLA-16 improved survival, reduced tumor burden, and normalized vasculature, accompanied with the decreased secretion of 20-HETE, VEGF and TGF-β in tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) and endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) in C6 and U87 gliomas...
June 7, 2017: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601636/the-angiogenic-factor-egfl7-enhances-thymogenesis-by-activating-flt3-signaling
#15
Yousef Salama, Koichi Hattori, Beate Heissig
Thymic regeneration is a crucial function that allows for the generation of mature T cells after myelosuppression like irradiation. However molecular drivers involved in this process remain undefined. Here, we report that the angiogenic factor, epidermal growth factor-like domain 7 (Egfl7), is expressed on steady state thymic endothelial cells (ECs) and further upregulated under stress like post-irradiation. Egfl7 overexpression increased intrathymic early thymic precursors (ETPs) and expanded thymic ECs. Mechanistically, we show that Egfl7 overexpression caused Flt3 upregulation in ETPs and thymic ECs, and increased Flt3 ligand plasma elevation in vivo...
June 7, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600848/dj-1-alleviates-angiotensin-ii-induced-endothelial-progenitor-cell-damage-by-activating-the-ppar%C3%AE-ho-1-pathway
#16
Tao Han, Meihan Liu, Songbai Yang
There is evidence that angiotensin II (Ang II) may impair the functions of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs). It was revealed that DJ-1 could resist oxidative stress. In this study, we investigated whether DJ-1 could protect EPCs against Ang II-induced cell damage. The proliferation and migration of EPCs were strongly reduced in the Ang II group and were increased by overexpression of DJ-1. Western blotting indicated that the increased expression of the senescence marker β-galactosidase and decreased expression of adhesion molecules (ICAM-1, VCAM-1) induced by Ang II were reversed after Ad-DJ-1 transfection...
June 10, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600187/vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-influences-migration-and-focal-adhesions-but-not-proliferation-or-viability-of-human-neural-stem-progenitor-cells-derived-from-olfactory-epithelium
#17
Gerardo Bernabé Ramírez-Rodríguez, Gerardo Rodrigo Perera-Murcia, Leonardo Ortiz-López, Nelly Maritza Vega-Rivera, Harish Babu, Maria García-Anaya, Jorge Julio González-Olvera
In humans, new neurons are continuously added in the olfactory epithelium even in the adulthood. The resident neural stem/progenitor cells (hNS/PCs-OE) in the olfactory epithelium are influenced by several growth factors and neurotrophins. Among these modulators the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) has attracted attention due its implicated in cell proliferation, survival and migration of other type of neural/stem progenitor cells. Interestingly, VEGFr2 receptor expression in olfactory epithelium has been described in amphibians but not in humans...
June 7, 2017: Neurochemistry International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599054/coexistence-of-ephb1-and-ephrinb2-in-port-wine-stain-endothelial-progenitor-cells-contributes-to-clinicopathological-vasculature-dilatation
#18
W Tan, J Wang, F Zhou, L Gao, Y Rong, H Liu, A Sukanthanag, G Wang, M C Mihm, D-B Chen, J S Nelson
Port wine stain (PWS) is a vascular malformation characterized by a progressive dilatation of post-capillary venules, but the molecular pathogenesis remains obscure. We hypothesized that PWS endothelial cells (ECs) present a unique molecular phenotype that lead to pathoanatomic PWS vasculatures. We herein show multiple clinicopathologic features of PWS blood vessels during the development and progression of the disease. 1) There were no normal arterioles and venules phenotypically and morphologically observed in PWS skin; both arterioles and venules showed differentiation impairments, resulting in a reduction of arteriole-like vasculatures and defects in capillary loop formation in PWS lesions...
June 9, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598999/lymphatic-endothelial-progenitors-originate-from-plastic-myeloid-cells-activated-by-toll-like-receptor-4
#19
Lisa D Volk-Draper, Kelly L Hall, Andrew C Wilber, Sophia Ran
BACKGROUND: Myeloid-derived lymphatic endothelial cells (M-LECP) are induced by inflammation and play an important role in adult lymphangiogenesis. However, the mechanisms driving M-LECP differentiation are currently unclear. We previously showed that activation of Toll-like receptor-4 (TLR4) induces myeloid-lymphatic transition (MLT) of immortalized mouse myeloid cells. Here the goals were to assess the potential of different TLR4 ligands to induce pro-lymphatic reprogramming in human and mouse primary myeloid cells and to identify transcriptional changes regulating this process...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597396/trpv4-activation-contributes-functional-recovery-from-ischemic-stroke-via-angiogenesis-and-neurogenesis
#20
Chun-Kai Chen, Po-Yuan Hsu, Tzu-Ming Wang, Zhi-Feng Miao, Ruey-Tay Lin, Suh-Hang H Juo
The endothelial transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 4 (TRPV4) plays a crucial role in vascular remodeling; however, TRPV4-mediated angiogenesis after ischemic neuronal death as a neurorestorative strategy has not yet been thoroughly examined. In this study, we first tested whether TRPV4 activation can improve functional recovery in rats subjected to transient brain ischemia. The possible mechanisms for TRPV4 activation-promoted functional recovery were explored. A TRPV4 agonist, 4α-phorbol 12,13-didecanoate (4α-PDD), was intravenously injected via the tail vein at 6 h and 1, 2, 3, 4 days after ischemic stroke...
June 9, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
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