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Medicare preventive services

Aladine A Elsamadicy, Xinru Ren, Hanna Kemeny, Lefko Charalambous, Amanda R Sergesketter, Shervin Rahimpour, Theresa Williamson, C Rory Goodwin, Muhammad M Abd-El-Barr, Oren N Gottfried, Jichun Xie, Shivanand P Lad
BACKGROUND: Unplanned hospital readmissions contribute significantly to soaring national healthcare expenditures. To alleviate this burden, Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services implemented initiatives to penalize hospitals for unplanned 30-d hospital readmissions. There is a paucity of data identifying patient risk factors independently associated with 30- and 90-d readmissions. OBJECTIVE: To investigate similarities in patient risk factors associated with 30- and 90-d unplanned readmissions following elective lumbar spine surgery...
June 11, 2018: Neurosurgery
Stella K Kang, Miao Jiang, Richard Duszak, Samantha L Heller, Danny R Hughes, Linda Moy
Purpose To retrospectively assess whether there is an association between screening mammography and the use of a variety of preventive services in women who are enrolled in Medicare. Materials and Methods U.S. Medicare claims from 2010 to 2014 Research Identifiable Files were reviewed to retrospectively identify a group of women who underwent screening mammography and a control group without screening mammography in 2012. The screened group was divided into positive versus negative results at screening, and the positive subgroup was divided into false-positive and true-positive findings...
June 5, 2018: Radiology
Guoyu Tao
Annual wellness visit (AWV) was introduced for Medicare patients in 2011 to help patients stay healthy. The object of this study is to assess whether AWV have an impact on the use of other preventive services in the eligible population. Medicare claims for the full sample of beneficiaries who were continuously enrolled in fee-for-service Medicare in 2013 and 2014 were analyzed. The association between AWV and three other preventive services (depression screening [DPS], influenza virus vaccine [IVV], and sexually transmitted infection screening [STI]) were assessed...
June 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
Daniela N Quilliam, Kerry LaPlante, Rebecca Reece, Utpala Bandy, Nicole Alexander-Scott
Due to the rise of antibiotic resistance, and the decrease of novel antibiotics coming to market, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has formally recognized that action must take place to ensure appropriate antibiotic use, and maintain public health. The RI Department of Health (RIDOH) Director responded by initiating the RI Antimicrobial Stewardship and Environmental Cleaning Task Force (RIAMSEC), a multidisciplinary team that set in motion a set of tasks for RIDOH. As a result, a survey of antibiotic stewardship programs (ASP) at the RI acute care hospitals (ACHs) and long-term care (LTC) facilities revealed gaps in addressing HAI prevention and AMS goals for the state...
June 1, 2018: Rhode Island Medical Journal
Winifred L Boal, Jia Li, Aaron Sussell
Lack of health insurance has been associated with poorer health status and with difficulties accessing preventive health services and obtaining medical care, especially for chronic diseases (1-3). Among workers, the prevalence of chronic conditions, risk behaviors, and having health insurance has been shown to vary by occupation (4,5). CDC used data from the 2013 and 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) to estimate the prevalence of having no health care coverage (e.g., health insurance, prepaid plans such as health maintenance organizations, government plans such as Medicare, or Indian Health Service) by occupation...
June 1, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Joshua Herb, Paula D Strassle, Corey A Kalbaugh, Jason R Crowner, Mark A Farber, Katharine L McGinigle
BACKGROUND: Screening for abdominal aortic aneurysms can prevent life-threatening rupture. The Screening Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms Very Efficiently Act was implemented in 2007. This provides for a one-time abdominal aortic aneurysm screening. We hypothesize that the Screening Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms Very Efficiently Act has increased the screening rate and identified more abdominal aortic aneurysms, leading to fewer ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms. METHODS: Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services data were used to estimate the number of Medicare enrollees eligible for screening and the number screened...
May 25, 2018: Surgery
Christopher M Shea, Amir Alishahi Tabriz, Kea Turner, Steve North, Kristin L Reiter
OBJECTIVE: This study identifies community and hospital characteristics associated with adoption of telestroke among acute care hospitals in North Carolina (NC). METHODS: Our sample included 107 hospitals located in NC. Our analytic dataset included variables from the American Hospital Association (AHA) annual survey, AHA Health IT supplement, Healthcare Cost Report Information System, and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's WONDER online database. We supplemented our secondary sources with data on telestroke adoption and market-level variables developed for NC...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Besma Nejim, Robert J Beaulieu, Husain Alshaikh, Mohammed Hamouda, Joseph Canner, Mahmoud B Malas
BACKGROUND: Patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) often have high comorbidity burden that may complicate post-interventional course and drive increased healthcare expenditures. Racial disparity had been observed in lower extremity revascularization (LER) patterns and outcomes. In 2014, Maryland adopted an all-payer rate setting system to limit the rising hospitalization costs. This resulted in an aggregate payment system in which hospital compensation takes place as an overall per capita expenditure for hospital services...
May 18, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Khashayar Arianpour, Brandon Nguyen, Brian Yuhan, Peter F Svider, Jean Anderson Eloy, Adam J Folbe
Background Misuse and diversion of opioids have contributed to the U.S. opioid crisis, making an understanding of specialty-specific and procedure-specific trends essential. Objective The objective of this analysis was to evaluate nationwide trends in opioid prescribing patterns among sinus surgeons performing functional endoscopic sinus surgery and maxillary sinus balloon dilation, specifically examining factors associated with variations. Methods High-volume sinus surgeons were identified through the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services database and cross-referenced against prescriptions to Medicare Part D beneficiaries during 2013 through 2015...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
Melanie Au, Matthew Kehn, Henry Ireys, Crystal Blyler, Jonathan Brown
INTRODUCTION: This study examined burnout risk and job satisfaction reported by care coordinators in three programs integrating physical and behavioral health care; it also assessed the relationship between job support and burnout and the organizational supports helpful to care coordinators. METHODS: As part of an evaluation of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services' Health Care Innovation Awards, the research team performed secondary data analysis of interviews conducted with staff (including care coordinators) in three integrated behavioral health models in 2014 and 2015 (n=88, n=69); focus groups with care coordinators in 2015 (n=3); and a survey of care coordinators in 2015 (n=231) that included the Maslach Burnout Inventory...
June 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Michael J Malinowski
Obesity, recognized as a disease in the U.S. and at times as a terminal illness due to associated medical complications, is an American epidemic according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ("CDC"), American Heart Association ("AHA"), and other authorities. More than one third of Americans (39.8% of adults and 18.5% of children) are medically obese. This article focuses on cases of "extreme morbid obesity" ("EMO")-situations in which death is imminent without aggressive medical interventions, and bariatric surgery is the only treatment option with a realistic possibility of success...
March 2018: American Journal of Law & Medicine
Karl E Minges, Behnood Bikdeli, Yun Wang, Robert R Attaran, Harlan M Krumholz
INTRODUCTION: Older adults are at increased risk of developing deep vein thrombosis. Little is known about national trends of deep vein thrombosis hospitalizations in the context of primary and secondary prevention efforts. METHODS: Medicare standard analytic files were analyzed from 2015-2017 to identify Fee-For-Service patients aged ≥65 years who had a principal discharge diagnosis for deep vein thrombosis from 1999 to 2010. We reported the deep vein thrombosis hospitalization rates per 100,000 person-years as well as 30-day and 1-year mortality rates...
May 10, 2018: American Journal of Medicine
Lindsay M Sabik, Bassam Dahman, Anushree Vichare, Cathy J Bradley
Medicaid-insured women have low rates of cancer screening. There are multiple policy levers that may influence access to preventive services such as screening, including physician payment and managed care. We examine the relationship between each of these factors and breast and cervical cancer screening among nonelderly nondisabled adult Medicaid enrollees. We combine individual-level data on Medicaid enrollment, demographics, and use of screening services from the Medicaid Analytic eXtract files with data on states' Medicaid-to-Medicare fee ratios and estimate their impact on screening services...
May 1, 2018: Medical Care Research and Review: MCRR
Addie Middleton, Yong-Fang Kuo, James E Graham, Amol Karmarkar, Yu-Li Lin, James S Goodwin, Allen Haas, Kenneth J Ottenbacher
OBJECTIVE: Examine readmission patterns over 90-day episodes of care in persons discharged from hospitals to post-acute settings. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Acute care hospitals. PARTICIPANTS: Medicare fee-for-service enrollees (N = 686,877) discharged from hospitals to post-acute care in 2013-2014. The cohort included beneficiaries >65 years of age hospitalized for stroke, joint replacement, or hip fracture and who survived for 90 days following discharge...
April 21, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
Hasmeena Kathuria, Frank T Leone, Enid R Neptune
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services' requirement to integrate tobacco treatment with lung cancer screening (LCS) has served as a catalyst for motivating pulmonary medicine clinicians to improve upon their ability to effectively treat tobacco dependence. To do so, clinicians need to be well versed in the behavioral and pharmacologic tools that promote smoking cessation. RECENT FINDINGS: The current review outlines current strategies for treating tobacco dependence, focusing on the important interplay between counseling and pharmacotherapy...
July 2018: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
Geoffrey J Hoffman, Jinkyung Ha, Neil B Alexander, Kenneth M Langa, Mary Tinetti, Lillian C Min
OBJECTIVES: To compare the accuracy of and factors affecting the accuracy of self-reported fall-related injuries (SFRIs) with those of administratively obtained FRIs (AFRIs). DESIGN: Retrospective observational study SETTING: United States PARTICIPANTS: Fee-for-service Medicare beneficiaries aged 65 and older (N=47,215). MEASUREMENTS: We used 24-month self-report recall data from 2000-2012 Health and Retirement Study data to identify SFRIs and linked inpatient, outpatient, and ambulatory Medicare data to identify AFRIs...
April 17, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Sarah Sutherland, Rebecca Meyer
The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services has a national goal to increase the number of long-term care facilities reporting Clostridium difficile infection data to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. A partnership between the Tennessee Department of Health and the quality improvement organization, Qsource, helped facilitate successful enrollment into the National Healthcare Safety Network for nursing homes in the state of Tennessee.
June 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
Sean P Ryan, Marcus DiLallo, David E Attarian, William A Jiranek, Thorsten M Seyler
BACKGROUND: With the increasing incidence of hip fractures and hip preservation surgeries, there has been a concomitant rise in the number of conversion total hip arthroplasties (THAs) performed. Prior studies have shown higher complication rates in conversion THA. However, there is a paucity of data showing differences in cost between these 2 procedures. Currently, the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services bundles primary and conversion THA in the same Medicare Severity-Diagnosis Related Group for hospital reimbursement...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
Ilana F Gareen, William C Black, Tor D Tosteson, Qianfei Wang, JoRean D Sicks, Anna N A Tosteson
BACKGROUND: The National Lung Screening Trial (NLST) reported lung cancer and all-cause mortality reductions for low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) versus chest x-ray (CXR) screening. Although LDCT lung screening has received a grade B from the United States Preventive Services Task Force and is a covered service under most health plans, concerns remain on the costs engendered by screening, and the impact of the high rate of significant incidental finding (SIF) detection on those costs...
May 2018: Medical Care
Peter Buerhaus, Jennifer Perloff, Sean Clarke, Monica O'Reilly-Jacob, Galina Zolotusky, Catherine M DesRoches
OBJECTIVE: To examine differences in the quality of care provided by primary care nurse practitioners (PCNPs), primary care physicians (PCMDs), or both clinicians. DATA SOURCES: Medicare part A and part B claims during 2012-2013. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort design using standard risk-adjustment methodologies and propensity score weighting assessing 16 claims-based quality measures grouped into 4 domains of primary care: chronic disease management, preventable hospitalizations, adverse outcomes, and cancer screening...
June 2018: Medical Care
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