keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Honduras

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810966/the-importance-of-medical-readiness-training-exercises-maintaining-medical-readiness-in-a-low-volume-combat-casualty-flow-era
#1
Kelly C Mead, David J Tennent, Daniel J Stinner
INTRODUCTION: Ringed external fixation has demonstrated promising results in the management of severe combat-related extremity injuries. The purpose of this study was to identify and compare rates of wartime-related surgical cases at times of high and low casualty time periods, and then compare these case numbers with those performed during a 2-week Medical Readiness Training Exercise (MEDRETE) in Honduras. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of patients treated at a single Military Treatment Facility with definitive ringed external fixators during a 2-year period of high-volume combat casualty flow (January 2009-December 2010) and a subsequent 2-year period of low-volume combat casualty flow (January 2013-December 2014)...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809933/using-light-dependent-scleractinia-to-define-the-upper-boundary-of-mesophotic-coral-ecosystems-on-the-reefs-of-utila-honduras
#2
Jack H Laverick, Dominic A Andradi-Brown, Alex D Rogers
Shallow water zooxanthellate coral reefs grade into ecologically distinct mesophotic coral ecosystems (MCEs) deeper in the euphotic zone. MCEs are widely considered to start at an absolute depth limit of 30m deep, possibly failing to recognise that these are distinct ecological communities that may shift shallower or deeper depending on local environmental conditions. This study aimed to explore whether MCEs represent distinct biological communities, the upper boundary of which can be defined and whether the depth at which they occur may vary above or below 30m...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807740/outcomes-of-hiv-positive-patients-with-cryptococcal-meningitis-in-the-americas
#3
B Crabtree Ramírez, Y Caro Vega, B E Shepherd, C Le, M Turner, C Frola, B Grinsztejn, C Cortes, D Padgett, T R Sterling, C C McGowan, A Person
BACKGROUND: Cryptococcal meningitis (CM) is associated with substantial mortality in HIV-infected patients. Optimal timing of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in persons with CM represents a clinical challenge, and the burden of CM in Latin America has not been well described. Studies suggest that early ART initiation is associated with higher mortality, but data from the Americas are scarce. METHODS: HIV-infected adults in care between 1985-2014 at participating sites in the Latin America (the Caribbean, Central and South America network (CCASAnet)) and the Vanderbilt Comprehensive Care Clinic (VCCC) and who had CM were included...
August 11, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769717/an-elusive-neotropical-giant-hondurantemna-chespiritoi-gen-n-sp-n-antemninae-mantidae-a-new-lineage-of-mantises-exhibiting-an-ontogenetic-change-in-cryptic-strategy
#4
Henrique M Rodrigues, Julio Rivera, Neil Reid, Gavin J Svenson
We present the description of a new genus and new species of praying mantis, Hondurantemna chespiritoigen. n. & sp. n. This species of cryptic mantis, collected in National parks in Mexico and Honduras, remained unknown despite its considerable body size. Based on a phylogenetic analysis with molecular data and traditional morphological analysis, we place this new genus within Antemninae, a monotypic Mantidae subfamily. We update the subfamily concept for Antemninae and provide a key to the two genera. We describe the external morphology of immatures and adults of the new species as well as the genital complexes of both sexes and the ootheca of Antemna rapax...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765025/congenital-malformations-of-the-central-nervous-system-in-rural-western-honduras-a-6-year-report-on-trends
#5
Dagoberto Estevez-Ordonez, Michael C Dewan, Michael J Feldman, Eleazar E Montalvan-Sanchez, Daniela M Montalvan-Sanchez, Aida A Rodriguez-Murillo, Samuel A Urrutia-Argueta, Charlotte B Cherry, Douglas R Morgan, Roberto Alvarez-Rodriguez, Christopher M Bonfield
BACKGROUND: Central nervous system (CNS) malformations including neural tube defects (NTDs) are the second most common type of birth defects world-wide, and are major causes of childhood disability and mortality. We report the first analysis of prevalence in Western Honduras of CNS malformations including NTDs over six consecutive years. METHODS: Data from all patients with congenital CNS malformations and total live births between 2010 and 2015 were obtained through institution and regional registries from all three public referral hospitals in Western Honduras, representing 67 municipalities...
July 29, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735597/correlates-and-family-aggregation-of-vitamin-d-concentrations-in-school-aged-children-and-their-parents-in-nine-mesoamerican-countries
#6
Sonia L Robinson, Manuel Ramirez-Zea, Ana Victoria Roman, Eduardo Villamor
OBJECTIVE: To determine the associations of sociodemographic characteristics, diet and outdoor activity as an indicator of sun exposure with serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations in children and their parents from Mesoamerica. We also quantified family aggregation of serum 25(OH)D. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. Serum 25(OH)D concentrations were quantified using immunoassay. We compared the distribution of 25(OH)D concentrations in adults and children by levels of each correlate with the use of linear regression...
July 24, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726790/improvements-in-the-delivery-of-resuscitation-and-newborn-care-after-helping-babies-breathe-training
#7
B D Kamath-Rayne, S Josyula, A R L Rule, J C Vasquez
BACKGROUND: To evaluate changes in neonatal resuscitation and postnatal care following Helping Babies Breathe (HBB) training at a community hospital in rural Honduras. We hypothesized that HBB training would improve resuscitation and essential newborn care interventions. METHODS: Direct observation and video recording of delivery room care spanned before and after an initial HBB workshop held in August 2013. Rates of essential newborn care interventions were compared in resuscitations performed by individuals who had and had not received HBB training, and run charts recording performance of newborn care practices over time were developed...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717699/opportunistic-breast-cancer-education-and-screening-in-rural-honduras
#8
Linda S Kennedy, Suyapa A Bejarano, Tracy L Onega, Derek S Stenquist, Mary D Chamberlin
PURPOSE: In Honduras, the breast cancer burden is high, and access to women's health services is low. This project tested the connection of community-based breast cancer detection with clinical diagnosis and treatment in a tightly linked and quickly facilitated format. METHODS: The Norris Cotton Cancer Center at Dartmouth College partnered with the Honduran cancer hospital La Liga Contra el Cancer to expand a cervical cancer screening program, which included self-breast exam (SBE) education and clinical breast exams (CBEs), to assess patient attitudes about and uptake of breast cancer education and screening services...
August 2016: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699152/-characteristics-of-structural-injuries-in-pediatric-patients-with-focal-epilepsy-in-a-honduran-hospital
#9
A Ramirez-Izcoa, D Varela-Gonzalez, M I Fonseca
INTRODUCTION: Epilepsy is the most commonly occurring neurological disorder in the world. The study of structural brain lesions is important to understand the secondary complications. In Honduras there is little information on this topic. AIM: To determine the characteristics and proportion of structural brain lesions in paediatric patients with focal epilepsy at the Hospital Escuela Universitario. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A descriptive, cross-sectional, retrospective-prospective study...
August 1, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691331/scaling-up-proven-innovative-cervical-cancer-screening-strategies-challenges-and-opportunities-in-implementation-at-the-population-level-in-low-and-lower-middle-income-countries
#10
Francesca Holme, Sharon Kapambwe, Ashrafun Nessa, Partha Basu, Raul Murillo, Jose Jeronimo
The problem of cervical cancer in low- and lower-middle-income countries (LLMICs) is both urgent and important, and calls for governments to move beyond pilot testing to population-based screening approaches as quickly as possible. Experiences from Zambia, Bangladesh, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua, where scale-up of evidence-based screening strategies is taking place, may help other countries plan for large-scale implementation. These countries selected screening modalities recommended by the WHO that are within budgetary constraints, improve access for women, and reduce health system bottlenecks...
July 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667791/a-matter-of-perception-perceived-socio-economic-status-and-cortisol-on-the-island-of-utila-honduras
#11
Angela R García, Michael Gurven, Aaron D Blackwell
OBJECTIVES: Numerous studies link low objective and subjective socioeconomic status (SES) to chronic activation of the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis. Here, we examine associations between objective and subjective SES and diurnal salivary cortisol, a primary HPA component, as well as demographic and ecological predictors associated with SES perceptions and changes in diurnal cortisol. METHODS: Participants were residents (age 18-79, n = 61) of Utila, a Honduran island where economic disparities are overt and geographically contained...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651014/a-decade-of-haart-in-latin-america-long-term-outcomes-among-the-first-wave-of-hiv-patients-to-receive-combination-therapy
#12
Marcelo J Wolff, Mark J Giganti, Claudia P Cortes, Pedro Cahn, Beatriz Grinsztejn, Jean W Pape, Denis Padgett, Juan Sierra-Madero, Eduardo Gotuzzo, Stephany N Duda, Catherine C McGowan, Bryan E Shepherd
BACKGROUND: In Latin America, the first wave of HIV-infected patients initiated highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) 10 or more years ago. Characterizing their treatment experience and corresponding outcomes across a decade of HAART may yield insights relevant to the ongoing care of such patients and those initiating HAART more recently in similar clinical settings. METHODS: This retrospective study included adults initiating HAART before 2004 at 8 sites in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Haiti, Honduras, and Mexico...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648543/seasonal-influenza-vaccine-effectiveness-against-laboratory-confirmed-influenza-hospitalizations-latin-america-2013
#13
Nathalie El Omeiri, Eduardo Azziz-Baumgartner, Mark G Thompson, Wilfrido Clará, Mauricio Cerpa, Rakhee Palekar, Sara Mirza, Alba María Ropero-Álvarez
BACKGROUND: Despite widespread utilization of influenza vaccines, effectiveness (VE) has not been routinely measured in Latin America. METHODS: We used a case test-negative control design to estimate trivalent inactivated influenza VE against laboratory-confirmed influenza among hospitalized children aged 6months-5years and adults aged ≥60years which are age-groups targeted for vaccination. We sought persons with severe acute respiratory infections (SARI), hospitalized at 71 sentinel hospitals in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Honduras, Panama, and Paraguay during January-December 2013...
June 22, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645708/identification-of-major-routes-of-hiv-transmission-throughout-mesoamerica
#14
Antoine Chaillon, Santiago Avila-Ríos, Joel O Wertheim, Ann Dennis, Claudia García-Morales, Daniela Tapia-Trejo, Carlos Mejía-Villatoro, Juan M Pascale, Guillermo Porras-Cortés, Carlos J Quant-Durán, Ivette Lorenzana, Rita I Meza, Elsa Y Palou, Marvin Manzanero, Rolando A Cedillos, Gustavo Reyes-Terán, Sanjay R Mehta
BACKGROUND: Migration and travel are major drivers of the spread of infectious diseases. Geographic proximity and a common language facilitate travel and migration in Mesoamerica, which in turn could affect the spread of HIV in the region. METHODS: 6092 HIV-1 subtype B partial pol sequences sampled from unique antiretroviral treatment-naïve individuals from Mexico (40.7%), Guatemala (24.4%), Honduras (19%), Panama (8.2%), Nicaragua (5.5%), Belize (1.4%), and El Salvador (0...
June 20, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629204/paternal-risk-factors-for-oral-clefts-in-northern-africans-southeast-asians-and-central-americans
#15
Stephanie Ly, Madeleine L Burg, Ugonna Ihenacho, Frederick Brindopke, Allyn Auslander, Kathleen S Magee, Pedro A Sanchez-Lara, Thi-Hai-Duc Nguyen, Viet Nguyen, Maria Irene Tangco, Angela Rose Hernandez, Melissa Giron, Fouzia J Mahmoudi, Yves A DeClerck, William P Magee Iii, Jane C Figueiredo
While several studies have investigated maternal exposures as risk factors for oral clefts, few have examined paternal factors. We conducted an international multi-centered case-control study to better understand paternal risk exposures for oral clefts (cases = 392 and controls = 234). Participants were recruited from local hospitals and oral cleft repair surgical missions in Vietnam, the Philippines, Honduras, and Morocco. Questionnaires were administered to fathers and mothers separately to elicit risk factor and family history data...
June 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627201/grado-de-malnutrici%C3%A3-n-y-su-relaci%C3%A3-n-con-los-principales-factores-estructurales-y-alimentarios-de-la-poblaci%C3%A3-n-preescolar-hondure%C3%A3-a-prevalencia-de-la-lactancia-materna-en-los-mismos
#16
Lorena Fernández Palacios, Elsa Barrientos Augustinus, Carolina Raudales Urquía, Carmen Frontela Saseta, Gaspar Ros Berruezo
Introducción: la desnutrición infantil sigue siendo un grave problema de salud pública en Honduras, con una prevalencia nacional según valores de referencia de la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) del 29% en niños menores de cinco años. Además, el promedio de desnutrición crónica en la región asciende hasta el 80% en comunidades pobres e indígenas, convirtiendo a Honduras en el segundo país en la región centroamericana con mayor incidencia de desnutrición crónica. Otro de los problemas que presenta la región resulta del abandono precoz de la lactancia materna exclusiva: solo el 29,7% de los menores fue alimentado exclusivamente con leche materna hasta los seis meses...
June 5, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626298/stress-and-coping-latino-youth-coming-of-age-in-a-new-latino-destination
#17
Maria Brietzke, Krista Perreira
Previous research has linked stress to adverse mental health outcomes among Latino adolescents living in the United States. The mechanism through which this process operates continues to be explored, especially in regions of the country where Latin American immigrants and their children have only recently begun to migrate. Our study aimed to contextualize the processes of stress and coping among Latino adolescents growing up in an emerging Latino destination in the US-North Carolina (NC). All adolescents in our study were either the first or second generation children of immigrants from Latin American countries including Colombia, El Salvador, Honduras, and Mexico...
July 2017: Journal of Adolescent Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575193/the-cost-structure-of-routine-infant-immunization-services-a-systematic-analysis-of-six-countries
#18
Fangli Geng, Christian Suharlim, Logan Brenzel, Stephen C Resch, Nicolas A Menzies
Little information exists on the cost structure of routine infant immunization services in low- and middle-income settings. Using a unique dataset of routine infant immunization costs from six countries, we estimated how costs were distributed across budget categories and programmatic activities, and investigated how the cost structure of immunization sites varied by country and site characteristics. The EPIC study collected data on routine infant immunization costs from 319 sites in Benin, Ghana, Honduras, Moldova, Uganda, Zambia, using a standardized approach...
May 31, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573463/detection-and-identification-of-leishmania-spp-application-of-two-hsp70-based-pcr-rflp-protocols-to-clinical-samples-from-the-new-world
#19
Ana M Montalvo, Jorge Fraga, Dídier Tirado, Gustavo Blandón, Annia Alba, Gert Van der Auwera, Iván Darío Vélez, Carlos Muskus
Leishmaniasis is highly prevalent in New World countries, where several methods are available for detection and identification of Leishmania spp. Two hsp70-based PCR protocols (PCR-N and PCR-F) and their corresponding restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLP) were applied for detection and identification of Leishmania spp. in clinical samples recruited in Colombia, Guatemala, and Honduras. A total of 93 cases were studied. The samples were classified into positive or suspected of leishmaniasis according to parasitological criteria...
July 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573007/depth-dependent-effects-of-culling-do-mesophotic-lionfish-populations-undermine-current-management
#20
Dominic A Andradi-Brown, Rachel Grey, Alicia Hendrix, Drew Hitchner, Christina L Hunt, Erika Gress, Konrad Madej, Rachel L Parry, Catriona Régnier-McKellar, Owen P Jones, María Arteaga, Andrea P Izaguirre, Alex D Rogers, Dan A Exton
Invasive lionfish (Pterois volitans and P. miles) have spread widely across the western Atlantic and are recognized as a major threat to native marine biodiversity. Although lionfish inhabit both shallow reefs and mesophotic coral ecosystems (MCEs; reefs from 30 to 150 m depth), the primary management response implemented by many countries has been diver-led culling limited to reefs less than 30 m. However, many reef fish undergo ontogenetic migrations, with the largest and therefore most fecund individuals found at greatest depths...
May 2017: Royal Society Open Science
keyword
keyword
44364
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"