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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337629/biotech-crop-planting-resumes-high-adoption-in-2016
#1
Rhodora R Aldemita, Randy A Hautea
The global area of biotech crops in 2016 increased from 179.7 million hectares to 185.1 million hectares, a 3% increase equivalent to 5.4 million hectares. Some 26 countries planted biotech crops, 19 of which were developing countries and seven were industrial. Information and data collected from various credible sources showed variations from the previous year. Fluctuations in biotech crop area (both increases and decreases) are influenced by factors including, among others, acceptance and commercialization of new products, demand for meat and livestock feeds, weather conditions, global market price, disease/pest pressure, and government's enabling policies...
January 16, 2018: GM Crops & Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336569/paper-based-dna-reader-for-visualized-quantification-of-soil-transmitted-helminth-infections
#2
Alex Guan Wang, Tianyu Dong, Hayam Mansour, Gabriela Matamoros, Ana L Sanchez, Feng Li
Soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections are a global health issue affecting nearly one-third of the world's population. As most endemic areas of STH are impoverished countries or regions with limited healthcare resources, the accurate diagnosis of STH requires analytical tools that are not only quantitative, but also portable, inexpensive, and with no or minimal demand for external instrument. Herein, we introduce a novel paper-based diagnostic device, termed quantitative paper-based DNA reader (qPDR), capable of quantifying STH at the molecular level by measuring distance as readout, thus eliminating the need for external readers...
January 16, 2018: ACS Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304878/bionomic-aspects-of-lutzomyia-evansi-and-lutzomyia-longipalpis-proven-vectors-of-leishmania-infantum-in-an-endemic-area-of-non-ulcerative-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-honduras
#3
Ángel Mejía, Gabriela Matamoros, Gustavo Fontecha, Wilfredo Sosa-Ochoa
BACKGROUND: Some Lutzomyia species are the vectors of human leishmaniasis in the Americas. Visceral and cutaneous leishmaniasis are both endemic in the Pacific region of Honduras, but the non-ulcerative form is the more frequent clinical manifestation in this region, where Lutzomyia longipalpis is the most abundant and the only incriminated vector. Taxonomic identification and distribution studies of sand flies are important to understand the epidemiology and to control these neglected tropical diseases...
January 5, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29262408/phylogeography-of-the-mantled-howler-monkey-alouatta-palliata-atelidae-primates-across-its-geographical-range-by-means-of-mitochondrial-genetic-analyses-and-new-insights-about-the-phylogeny-of-alouatta
#4
Manuel Ruiz-García, Ángela Cerón, Sebastián Sánchez-Castillo, Pilar Rueda-Zozaya, Myreya Pinedo-Castro, Gustavo Gutierrez-Espeleta, Joseph Mark Shostell
We analyzed 156 specimens of diverse howler monkey taxa (Alouatta; Atelidae, Primates) for different mitochondrial genes (5,567 base pairs), with special emphasis on A. palliata and related taxa. Our results showed no relevant differences among individuals of different putative taxa, A. p. palliata, A. p. aequatorialis, A. coibensis coibensis, and A. c. trabeata. We found no spatial differences in genetic structure of A. p. palliata throughout Costa Rica, Nicaragua, and Honduras. A. p. mexicana (genetic distance: 1...
December 21, 2017: Folia Primatologica; International Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258544/correction-to-study-protocol-on-establishment-of-sentinel-sites-network-for-contraceptive-and-abortion-trends-needs-and-utilization-of-services-in-zika-virus-affected-countries
#5
Moazzam Ali, Kelsey Miller, Rachel Folz, Brooke Ronald Johnson, James Kiarie
The original version of this article [1] unfortunately contained a mistake. All occurrences in the main text referring to the research carried out in the following countries: Brazil, Honduras and Columbia should instead be replaced with "Brazil, Honduras and Panama". The original version of this article has been updated to reflect this change.
December 19, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245593/reevaluation-of-the-type-species-and-redescription-of-five-species-of%C3%A2-i-edessa-i-heteroptera-pentatomidae-edessinae
#6
Valeria Juliete DA Silva, David A Rider, Jose Antonio Marin Fernandes
In accordance with the rules in the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, the type species for the genus Edessa Fabricius, 1803 is now recognized to be Cimex antilope Fabricius, 1798 rather than the previously recognized Cimex cervus Fabricius, 1787. Edessa antilope is redescribed, as well as the following four species that have in the past been related or compared to E. antilope: E. arabs (Linnaeus, 1758) from French Guiana, Costa Rica and Panama (new record), E. helix Erichson, 1848 from Costa Rica, Panama, Venezuela, Suriname (new record), Guyana, Brazil (new record), Bolivia (new record) and Argentina (new record), E...
November 13, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245568/five-new-species-of-i-cymatodera-i-gray-1832-coleoptera-cleridae-tillinae-from-mexico-and-central-america
#7
Alan F Burke, Catherine L Sole, Víctor H Toledo-Hernández, Clarke H Scholtz
Five new species of Cymatodera from Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, Costa Rica and Panama are described here based on adult male and female specimens: Cymatodera humeralis sp. n; Cymatodera lorenae sp. n.; Cymatodera crassa sp. n.; Cymatodera depressa sp. n; and Cymatodera nigrofasciata sp. n. Male genitalia and other characters of taxonomic value are used for diagnostic purposes.
November 16, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242429/a-revision-of-the-subgenus-i-osmia-i-i-diceratosmia-i-with-descriptions-of-four-new-species-hymenoptera-megachilidae
#8
Terry Griswold, Molly G Rightmyer
The eleven species of the North American subgenus Osmia (Diceratomsia) are revised, four of which are new: Osmia (Diceratosmia) exquisita, n. sp., from Honduras; Osmia (Diceratomia) gonzalezi, n. sp., and Osmia (Diceratomia) spinulifera, n. sp., from Mexico; and Osmia (Diceratomsia) lacunosa, n. sp., from the Bahamas. Diagnoses for the remaining seven species and a key to the males and females of all species are provided. We newly designate a neotype for Osmia botitena Cockerell, junior synonym of Osmia subfasciata Cresson, and remove from synonymy Osmia marilaunidii Cockerell, new status...
October 17, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211103/characterisation-of-a-rare-reassortant-human-g10p-14-rotavirus-strain-detected-in-honduras
#9
Osbourne Quaye, Sunando Roy, Kunchala Rungsrisuriyachai, Mathew D Esona, Ziqian Xu, Ka Ian Tam, Dina J Castro Banegas, Gloria Rey-Benito, Michael D Bowen
BACKGROUND: Although first detected in animals, the rare rotavirus strain G10P[14] has been sporadically detected in humans in Slovenia, Thailand, United Kingdom and Australia among other countries. Earlier studies suggest that the strains found in humans resulted from interspecies transmission and reassortment between human and bovine rotavirus strains. OBJECTIVES: In this study, a G10P[14] rotavirus genotype detected in a human stool sample in Honduras during the 2010-2011 rotavirus season, from an unvaccinated 30-month old boy who reported at the hospital with severe diarrhea and vomiting, was characterised to determine the possible evolutionary origin of the rare strain...
January 2018: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210352/congenital-transmission-of-trypanosoma-cruzi-in-argentina-honduras-and-mexico-an-observational-prospective-study
#10
Pierre Buekens, Maria-Luisa Cafferata, Jackeline Alger, Fernando Althabe, Jose M Belizan, Norma Bustamante, Yves Carlier, Alvaro Ciganda, Jaime H DelCid, Eric Dumonteil, Rubi Gamboa-León, Jorge A García, Luz Gibbons, Olga Graiff, Jesus Gurubel Maldonado, Claudia Herrera, Elizabeth Howard, Laura Susana Lara, Benjamín López, Maria Luisa Matute, María Jesús Ramírez-Sierra, María Cecilia Robles, Sergio Sosa-Estani, Carine Truyens, Christian Valladares, Dawn M Wesson, Concepcion Zuniga, For The Congenital Chagas Working Group
Compared with South America, there is a lack of epidemiologic studies about the risk of congenital transmission of Trypanosoma cruzi in Central America and Mexico. It has been suggested that T. cruzi genotypes might differ by region and that congenital transmission might vary according to the parasite's genotype. Our objective was to compare T. cruzi congenital transmission rates in three countries. We performed an observational prospective study in 2011-2014 enrolling women at delivery in one hospital in Argentina, two hospitals in Honduras, and two hospitals in Mexico...
December 4, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202900/food-allergen-labeling-a-latin-american-approach
#11
Maria Cristina Lopez
Food allergy is a public health concern almost all over the world. Although most of the countries that regulate the declaration of allergens in prepackaged foods include the list recommended by the Codex Alimentarius, some countries have added other allergens to this list due to prevalence data and regional incidence, whereas others have incorporated exceptions for some products derived from allergenic foods. Within this context, the situation in Latin America regarding these regulations is diverse. Data about prevalence of food hypersensitivity are very limited in the region...
December 5, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202076/a-globally-networked-hybrid-approach-to-public-health-capacity-training-for-maternal-health-professionals-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#12
Scott McIntosh, José G Pérez-Ramos, Tamala David, Margaret M Demment, Esteban Avendaño, Deborah J Ossip, Timothy De Ver Dye
Background: MundoComm is a current NIH-funded project for sustainable public health capacity building in community engagement and technological advances aimed at improving maternal health issues. Two to four teams are selected annually, each consisting of three healthcare professionals and one technical person from specific low and middle income countries (LMICs) including Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Honduras, and other LMICs. MundoComm is a course with three parts: in-person workshops, online modules, and mentored community engagement development...
2017: Global Health Research and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199107/species-limits-in-the-morelet-s-alligator-lizard-anguidae-gerrhonotinae
#13
Israel Solano-Zavaleta, Adrián Nieto-Montes de Oca
The widely distributed, Central American anguid lizard Mesaspis moreletii is currently recognized as a polytypic species with five subspecies (M. m. fulvus, M. m. moreletii, M. m. rafaeli, M. m. salvadorensis, and M. m. temporalis). We reevaluated the species limits within Mesaspis moreletii using DNA sequences of one mitochondrial and three nuclear genes. The multi-locus data set included samples of all of the subspecies of M. moreletii, the other species of Mesaspis in Central America (M. cuchumatanus and M...
November 30, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075048/maternal-household-decision-making-autonomy-and-adolescent-education-in-honduras
#14
C Emily Hendrick, Leticia Marteleto
Maternal decision-making autonomy has been linked to positive outcomes for children's health and well-being early in life in low- and middle-income countries throughout the world. However, there is a dearth of research examining if and how maternal autonomy continues to influence children's outcomes into adolescence and whether it impacts other domains of children's lives beyond health, such as their education. The goal of this study was to determine whether high maternal decision-making was associated with school enrollment for secondary school-aged youth in Honduras...
June 2017: Population Research and Policy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062597/ongoing-removals-of-invasive-lionfish-in-honduras-and-their-effect-on-native-caribbean-prey-fishes
#15
Friederike Peiffer, Sonia Bejarano, Giacomo Palavicini de Witte, Christian Wild
The invasion of Indo-Pacific lionfish is one of the most pressing concerns in the context of coral reef conservation throughout the Caribbean. Invasive lionfish threaten Caribbean fish communities by feeding on a wide range of native prey species, some of which have high ecological and economic value. In Roatan (Honduras) a local non-governmental organisation (i.e. Roatan Marine Park) trains residents and tourists in the use of spears to remove invasive lionfish. Here, we assess the effectiveness of local removal efforts in reducing lionfish populations...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059029/uptake-of-hiv-testing-during-antenatal-care-in-honduras
#16
Anne Sebert Kuhlmann, Eleanor P Bergquist, Qiang Fu, Enbal Shacham, Janine Foggia, Manuel Sierra
In order to interrupt vertical transmission of HIV, the WHO recommends universal HIV testing during antenatal care (ANC), a policy that has been adopted by the Ministry of Health in Honduras. We examined HIV counseling and testing practices during ANC in the Honduras Demographic and Health Survey to understand compliance with this established standard of care. Among currently married women with a child aged five years or younger who attended ANC, only 66% recalled being offered HIV testing during ANC, yet 95% of those got tested...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056251/metabolic-syndrome-first-prevalence-study-in-primary-care-honduras
#17
Javier Escober Torres, Keydy Valeriano Sabillón, Evelyn Osorto Lagos, Ena Gabriela Argueta Cabrera, Lino Carmenate Milián
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036850/methodology-for-the-development-of-normative-data-for-spanish-speaking-pediatric-populations
#18
D Rivera, J C Arango-Lasprilla
OBJECTIVE: To describe the methodology utilized to calculate reliability and the generation of norms for 10 neuropsychological tests for children in Spanish-speaking countries. METHOD: The study sample consisted of over 4,373 healthy children from nine countries in Latin America (Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Puerto Rico) and Spain. Inclusion criteria for all countries were to have between 6 to 17 years of age, an Intelligence Quotient of≥80 on the Test of Non-Verbal Intelligence (TONI-2), and score of <19 on the Children's Depression Inventory...
October 10, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036849/newly-developed-learning-and-verbal-memory-test-tamv-i-normative-data-for-spanish-speaking-pediatric-population
#19
D Rivera, L Olabarrieta-Landa, B V Rabago Barajas, M J Irías Escher, M Saracostti Schwartzman, R Ferrer-Cascales, P Martín-Lobo, J A Calderón, M A Aguilar Uriarte, A I Peñalver Guia, R Camlla Ynga, C E García-Guerrero, I Fernandez-Agis, A García-Gómez-Pastrana, J A Ibañéz-Alfonso, H Gómez, J Galarza-Del-Angel, C García de la Cadena, J C Arango-Lasprilla
OBJECTIVE: To generate normative data for the Learning and Verbal Memory Test (TAMV-I) in Spanish-speaking pediatric populations. METHOD: The sample consisted of 4,373 healthy children from nine countries in Latin America (Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Puerto Rico) and Spain. Each participant was administered the TAMV-I as part of a larger neuropsychological battery. Free recall, memory delay and recognition scores were normed using multiple linear regressions and standard deviations of residual values...
2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036848/concentration-endurance-test-d2-normative-data-for-spanish-speaking-pediatric-population
#20
D Rivera, C Salinas, D Ramos-Usuga, I D Delgado-Mejía, Y Vasallo Key, G P Hernández Agurcia, J Valencia Vásquez, C E García-Guerrero, C García de la Cadena, B V Rabago Barajas, I Romero-García, A I Campos Varillas, M Sánchez-SanSegundo, A Galvao-Carmona, L Lara, E J Granja Gilbert, P Martín-Lobo, J Velázquez-Cardoso, A Caracuel, J C Arango-Lasprilla
OBJECTIVE: To generate normative data for the Concentration Endurance Test (d2) test in Spanish-speaking pediatric populations. METHOD: The sample consisted of 4,373 healthy children from nine countries in Latin America (Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Puerto Rico) and Spain. Each participant was administered the d2 test as part of a larger neuropsychological battery. The Total number of items processed (TN), Total number of correct responses (CR), Total performance (TP), and Concentration performance (CP) scores were normed using multiple linear regressions and standard deviations of residual values...
October 8, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
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