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Peter Giovannini, Melanie-Jayne R Howes, Sarah E Edwards
The data described in this article is related to the review article "Medicinal plants used in the traditional management of diabetes and its sequelae in Central America: a review" (Giovannini et al., 2016) [1]. We searched publications on the useful plants of Central America in databases and journals by using selected relevant keywords. We then extracted reported uses of medicinal plants within the disease categories: diabetes mellitus, kidney disease, urinary problems, skin diseases and infections, cardiovascular disease, sexual dysfunction, vision loss, and nerve damage...
June 2016: Data in Brief
Cecilia Varela-Martínez, Zaida E Yadon, Diana Marín, Einar Heldal
Objective To 1) describe and compare the trends of tuberculosis (TB) case notification rates (CNRs) and treatment outcomes in the two largest cities in Honduras (San Pedro Sula and Tegucigalpa) for the period 2005-2014 and 2) identify possible related socioeconomic and health sector factors. Methods This retrospective ecological operational research study used aggregated data from the National TB Program (socioeconomic and health sector information and individual data from the 2014 TB case notification report)...
January 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
Kristy O Murray, Rodion Gorchakov, Anna R Carlson, Rebecca Berry, Lilin Lai, Muktha Natrajan, Melissa N Garcia, Armando Correa, Shital M Patel, Kjersti Aagaard, Mark J Mulligan
Infection with Zika virus is an emerging public health crisis. We observed prolonged detection of virus RNA in vaginal mucosal swab specimens and whole blood for a US traveler with acute Zika virus infection who had visited Honduras. These findings advance understanding of Zika virus infection and provide data for additional testing strategies.
January 15, 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
Masanori Yagi, Nirianne M Q Palacpac, Kazuya Ito, Yuko Oishi, Sawako Itagaki, Betty Balikagala, Edward H Ntege, Adoke Yeka, Bernard N Kanoi, Osbert Katuro, Hiroki Shirai, Wakaba Fukushima, Yoshio Hirota, Thomas G Egwang, Toshihiro Horii
The malaria vaccine BK-SE36 is a recombinant protein (SE36) based on the Honduras 1 serine repeat antigen-5 of Plasmodium falciparum, adsorbed to aluminium hydroxide gel. The phase Ib trial in Uganda demonstrated the safety and immunogenicity of BK-SE36. Ancillary analysis in the follow-up study of 6-20 year-old volunteers suggest significant differences in time to first episodes of clinical malaria in vaccinees compared to placebo/control group. Here, we aimed to get further insights into the association of anti-SE36 antibody titres and natural P...
October 5, 2016: Scientific Reports
Hilary Baldwin, Daisy Blanco, Charles McKeever, Nelly Paz, Ynca Nina Vasquez, John Quiring, Carolyn Enloe, Emily De León, Nathan Stasko
OBJECTIVE: To compare efficacy, tolerability, and safety of two concentrations of topical SB204 and vehicle twice daily for 12 weeks in the treatment of acne vulgaris. DESIGN: Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, three-arm, Phase 2 study. SETTING: Dominican Republic, Panama, and Honduras. PARTICIPANTS: Subjects with acne, age 12 to 40, with 25 to 70 noninflammatory lesions, 20 to 40 inflammatory lesions, and a baseline Investigator's Global Assessment score of mild, moderate, or severe...
August 2016: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
Brittney J Sullivan, Janet Prvu Bettger
BACKGROUND: Honduras is the second poorest country in Central America. The already high burden of disease is disproportionately worse among individuals with less education and limited access to health care. Community engagement is needed to bridge the gap in health care resources with the need for health promotion and education. Culturally relevant health promotion activities can foster transcultural partnerships. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to partner nursing students with village leaders to assess a community's health needs and implement health promotion activities in Honduras...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
Andrew B T Smith
Five new species of Trigonopeltastes Burmeister and Schaum, 1840 are described: Trigonopeltastes arborfloricola sp. n. from Nicaragua, Trigonopeltastes formidulosus sp. n. from Costa Rica, Trigonopeltastes henryi sp. n. from Costa Rica, Trigonopeltastes mombachoensis sp. n. from Nicaragua, and Trigonopeltastes warneri sp. n. from Belize and Guatemala. An updated key to species of Trigonopeltastes is presented. Trigonopeltastes nigrinus Bates, 1889 and Trigonopeltastes carus Bates, 1889 are placed in synonymy with Trigonopeltastes geometricus Schaum, 1841, syn...
2016: ZooKeys
Cheryl B Sawyer, Judith Márquez
The southwestern U.S. border has recently seen a significant increase in the number of unaccompanied children from Honduras, Guatemala, and El Salvador illegally crossing the Mexican border into the United States. Many of these children leave home to flee violence, starvation, impoverished living conditions, or other life-threatening situations. The treatment of acute stress, anxiety, and depression associated with traumatic events is crucial in helping these children address these negative psychological events they have experienced so that they can move forward with their lives...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Psychology
Rachel Madera, Wenjie Gong, Lihua Wang, Yulia Burakova, Karen Lleellish, Amy Galliher-Beckley, Jerome Nietfeld, Jamie Henningson, Kaimin Jia, Ping Li, Jianfa Bai, John Schlup, Scott McVey, Changchun Tu, Jishu Shi
BACKGROUND: Classical swine fever (CSF) or hog cholera is a highly contagious swine viral disease. CSF endemic countries have to use routine vaccination with modified live virus (MLV) vaccines to prevent and control CSF. However, it is impossible to serologically differentiate MLV vaccinated pigs from those infected with CSF virus (CSFV). The aim of this study is to develop a one-dose E2-subunit vaccine that can provide protection against CSFV challenge. We hypothesize that a vaccine consisting of a suitable adjuvant and recombinant E2 with natural conformation may induce a similar level of protection as the MLV vaccine...
2016: BMC Veterinary Research
Eduardo Villamor, Caitlin C Finan, Manuel Ramirez-Zea, Ana Victoria Roman
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the prevalence and sociodemographic correlates of cardiometabolic risk factors in adults and school-aged children from Mesoamerica. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study with convenience sampling. In adults, metabolic syndrome was defined according to the National Cholesterol Education Program's Adult Treatment Panel III (ATP III) criteria. In children, we calculated a continuous sex- and age-standardized metabolic risk score using variables corresponding to adult ATP III criteria...
September 9, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
Francesca F Norman, Sandra Chamorro, Ana Vázquez, María-Paz Sánchez-Seco, José-Antonio Pérez-Molina, Begoña Monge-Maillo, María-Jesús Vivancos, Mario Rodríguez-Dominguez, Juan-Carlos Galán, Fernando de Ory, Rogelio López-Vélez
Zika virus (ZIKV) and chikungunya virus (CHIKV) are currently circulating in overlapping areas in the American continents and may both be transmitted by Aedes spp. mosquitoes. The first documented case, to the authors' knowledge, of sequential CHIKV and ZIKV infections diagnosed in a nonendemic area in a returning traveler is reported. The implications for heightened clinical surveillance for these infections and specific patient recommendations are emphasized.
September 6, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Laurent Coudeville, Nicolas Baurin, Maïna L'Azou, Bruno Guy
BACKGROUND: A tetravalent dengue vaccine demonstrated its protective efficacy in two phase III efficacy studies. Results from these studies were used to derive vaccination impact in the five Asian (Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam) and the five Latin American countries (Brazil, Colombia, Honduras, Mexico and Puerto Rico) participating in these trials. METHODS: Vaccination impact was investigated with an age-structured, host-vector, serotype-specific compartmental model...
September 3, 2016: Vaccine
Lysien I Zambrano, Manuel Sierra, Bredy Lara, Iván Rodríguez-Núñez, Marco T Medina, Carlos O Lozada-Riascos, Alfonso J Rodríguez-Morales
Geographical information systems (GIS) use for development of epidemiological maps in dengue has been extensively used, however not in other emerging arboviral diseases, nor in Central America. Surveillance cases data (2015) were used to estimate annual incidence rates of dengue and chikungunya (cases/100,000 pop) to develop the first maps in the departments and municipalities of Honduras. The GIS software used was Kosmo Desktop 3.0RC1(®). Four thematic maps were developed according departments, municipalities, diseases incidence rates...
August 22, 2016: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Christopher T Fisher, Juan Carlos Fernández-Diaz, Anna S Cohen, Oscar Neil Cruz, Alicia M Gonzáles, Stephen J Leisz, Florencia Pezzutti, Ramesh Shrestha, William Carter
The Mosquitia ecosystem of Honduras occupies the fulcrum between the American continents and as such constitutes a critical region for understanding past patterns of socio-political development and interaction. Heavy vegetation, rugged topography, and remoteness have limited scientific investigation. This paper presents prehistoric patterns of settlement and landuse for a critical valley within the Mosquitia derived from airborne LiDAR scanning and field investigation. We show that (i) though today the valley is a wilderness it was densely inhabited in the past; (ii) that this population was organized into a three-tiered system composed of 19 settlements dominated by a city; and, (iii) that this occupation was embedded within a human engineered landscape...
2016: PloS One
Emily Dansereau, Claire R McNellan, Marielle C Gagnier, Sima S Desai, Annie Haakenstad, Casey K Johanns, Erin B Palmisano, Diego Ríos-Zertuche, Alexandra Schaefer, Paola Zúñiga-Brenes, Bernardo Hernandez, Emma Iriarte, Ali H Mokdad
BACKGROUND: Poor women in the developing world have a heightened need for antenatal care (ANC) but are often the least likely to attend it. This study examines factors associated with the number and timing of ANC visits for poor women in Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, and El Salvador. METHODS: We surveyed 8366 women regarding the ANC they attended for their most recent birth in the past two years. We conducted logistic regressions to examine demographic, household, and health characteristics associated with attending at least one skilled ANC visit, four skilled visits, and a skilled visit in the first trimester...
2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Charles G Messing
Porphyrocrinus daniellalevyae, new species, is described from irregular, hard-substrate, deep island slope habitats in the tropical western Atlantic Ocean (northwestern Bahamas and, probably, Honduras). It represents the first record of the genus from the western Atlantic, and is the first crinoid, living or fossil, known to gradually increase its number of rays with increasing size and, ostensibly, growth. The four known specimens have 8, 12, 14 and 15 radial ossicles, which give rise to undivided arms. The method of augmentation is unknown, although the possibility of autotomy of one and regrowth of two in its place is discussed...
2016: Zootaxa
Guillermo Rosa-Diez, María Gonzalez-Bedat, Alejandro Ferreiro, Guillermo García-García, Juan Fernandez-Cean, Walter Douthat
INTRODUCTION: End-stage renal disease (ESRD) represents a major challenge for Latin America (LA). Epidemiological information needed to assist in the development of ESRD care in the region. The Latin American Dialysis and Renal Transplant Registry (RLADTR), has published several reports and its continuity has implied a sustained effort of the entire LA Nephrology community. This paper summarizes the results corresponding to year 2012. METHODS: Our methods have been reported previously...
August 10, 2016: Clinical Nephrology
Tulin Demir, Selcuk Kilic
Zika virus (ZIKV) is a single-stranded RNA virus in the Flaviviridae family and transmitted to human through infected mosquitos (Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus). Virus is closely related with other flaviviruses; dengue virus, yellow fever virus, West Nile virus, and Japanese encephalitis virus phylogenetically. Due to the possible relationship between virus and clinical features including microcephaly, ventricule, and eye deformities, Guillain-Barre syndrome increases the interest on this virus gradually...
November 2016: Folia Microbiologica
Nete Sloth Hansen-Nord, Finn Kjaerulf, Juan Almendarez, Victor Morales Rodas, Julio Castro
OBJECTIVES: To examine the impact of a 3 year community-based violence prevention intervention on risk of violence and social capital in two poor urban communities in Honduras in 2011-2014. METHODS: A quasi-experimental design pre and post implementation of the intervention was conducted based on data from two randomly selected samples using the same structured questionnaire in 2011 and in 2014. RESULTS: Community members had a 42 % lower risk of violence in 2014 compared to 2011...
July 18, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
Pierre Buekens, Jackeline Alger, Fernando Althabe, Eduardo Bergel, Amanda M Berrueta, Carolina Bustillo, Maria-Luisa Cafferata, Emily Harville, Karla Rosales, Dawn M Wesson, Concepcion Zuniga
BACKGROUND: Although there is increasing evidence for a relationship between symptomatic Zika virus (ZIKV) maternal infection, and microcephaly, a firm causal relation has yet to be established by epidemiologic studies. Studies also need to be conducted in recently infected settings. Our objectives are to assess the frequency of ZIKV infection during pregnancy in Honduras and the association of microcephaly with ZIKV infection. METHODS/DESIGN: We will perform a prospective study enrolling pregnant women at their first antenatal visit and following them up until delivery...
2016: Reproductive Health
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