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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188710/-prevalence-of-sensitization-to-inhalant-allergens-in-the-immunology-department-from-hospital-de-especialidades-pedi%C3%A3-tricas-mar%C3%A3-a-honduras-2016
#1
Victoria Alejandra Gonzales-González, Adolfo Martín Díaz-Flores, Karla Zobeyda Fernández-Zelaya, María Félix Rivera-Reyes
BACKGROUND: Allergic diseases are a public health problem; estimates indicate that between 30% and 40% of the world population is affected by some allergy. Knowing the prevalence of allergen sensitization allows for adequate diagnoses and treatments to be offered. In Honduras there are no studies available in pediatric patients. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this research was to identify the most common types of sensitization in children and their correlation with the most common allergic diseases in patients on immunotherapy at the Maria Hospital of Pediatric Specialties...
January 2017: Revista Alergia Mexico: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Mexicana de Alergia e Inmunología, A.C
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187628/an-analytical-review-of-halffter-s-mexican-transition-zone-and-its-relevance-for-evolutionary-biogeography-ecology-and-biogeographical-regionalization
#2
Gonzalo Halffter, Juan J Morrone
The Mexican transition zone (MTZ) is the complex area where the Neotropical and Nearctic biotas overlap, including south-western United States, Mexico and a large part of Central America extending to the Nicaraguan lowlands. In a strict sense, it corresponds to the mountain highlands of Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador and Nicaragua. We review Halffter's theory explaining the biotic evolution of the MTZ, including the description and discussion of the distributional patterns and cenocrons recognized within it...
January 25, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179114/medicinal-plants-used-to-treat-snakebite-in-central-america-review-and-assessment-of-scientific-evidence
#3
REVIEW
Peter Giovannini, Melanie-Jayne R Howes
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Every year between 1.2 and 5.5 million people worldwide are victims of snakebites, with about 400,000 left permanently injured. In Central America an estimated 5,500 snakebite cases are reported by health centres, but this is likely to be an underestimate due to unreported cases in rural regions. The aim of this study is to review the medicinal plants used traditionally to treat snakebites in seven Central American countries: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162001/genetic-affiliation-of-pre-hispanic-and-contemporary-mayas-through-maternal-linage
#4
Mirna Isabel Ochoa-Lugo, María de Lourdes Muñoz, Gerardo Pérez-Ramírez, Kristine G Beaty, Mauro López-Armenta, Javiera Cervini-Silva, Miguel Moreno-Galeana, Adrián Martínez Meza, Eduardo Ramos, Michael H Crawford, Arturo Romano-Pacheco
Maya civilization developed in Mesoamerica and encompassed the Yucatan Peninsula, Guatemala, Belize, part of the Mexican states of Tabasco and Chiapas, and the western parts of Honduras and El Salvador. This civilization persisted approximately 3,000 years and was one of the most advanced of its time, possessing the only known full writing system at the time, as well as art, sophisticated architecture, and mathematical and astronomical systems. This civilization reached the apex of its power and influence during the Preclassic period, from 2000 BCE to 250 CE...
April 2016: Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147894/molecular-morphological-and-ecological-data-of-saccocoelioides-szidat-1954-digenea-haploporidae-from-middle-america-supported-the-reallocation-from-culuwiya-cichlidorum-to-saccocoelioides
#5
Martin Garcia Varela, Leopoldo Andrade-Gã Â Mez, Carlos D Pinacho-Pinacho
This study investigates the systematic position of some species of the genus Saccocoelioides Szidat, 1954, and the species Culuwiya cichlidorum Aguirre-Macedo and Scholz, 2005 from North and Middle America using new morphological data and partial sequences of 2 nuclear genes, the large subunit (LSU) and the internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2) from ribosomal DNA. In total 74 specimens representing 4 species of Saccocoelioides (41 of Saccocoelioides sogandaresi, 3 of Saccocoelioides chauhani, 6 of Saccocoelioides lamothei, and 12 of Saccocoelioides olmecae) plus 12 specimens of Culuwiya cichlidorum were analyzed...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134795/black-white-and-country-of-birth-disparities-in-retention-in-hiv-care-and-viral-suppression-among-latinos-with-hiv-in-florida-2015
#6
Diana M Sheehan, Daniel E Mauck, Kristopher P Fennie, Elena A Cyrus, Lorene M Maddox, Spencer Lieb, Mary Jo Trepka
The study's purpose was to identify HIV, Black-White race, and birth country disparities in retention in HIV care and HIV viral load (VL) suppression among Latinos, in 2015. Florida's surveillance data for Latinos diagnosed with HIV (2000-2014) were merged with American Community Survey data. Multi-level (random effects) models were used to estimate adjusted odds ratios (aOR) for non-retention in care and non-viral load suppression. Blacks and Whites experienced similar odds of non-retention in care. Racial differences in VL suppression disappeared after controlling for neighborhood factors...
January 27, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130306/development-and-implementation-of-a-training-of-trainers-program-for-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-in-neonatal-and-pediatric-patients-in-five-low-and-middle-income-countries
#7
Patrick T Wilson, Megan M Benckert, Rachel T Moresky, Marilyn C Morris
We describe a pragmatic training-of-trainers program for the use of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) for neonatal and pediatric patients. The program is designed for medical professionals working in low- and middle-income countries and involves 2 days of in-class training followed by 1 day of in-service training. The program was created after training in Cambodia, Ghana, Honduras, Kenya and Rwanda and addresses the issues of resource availability, cultural context and local buy-in and partnership in low- and middle-income countries...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126542/contraceptive-knowledge-and-use-among-women-living-in-the-poorest-areas-of-five-mesoamerican-countries
#8
Diego Rios-Zertuche, Laura C Blanco, Paola Zúñiga-Brenes, Erin B Palmisano, Danny V Colombara, Ali H Mokdad, Emma Iriarte
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with contraceptive use among women in need living in the poorest areas in five Mesoamerican countries: Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama and State of Chiapas (Mexico). STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed baseline data of 7049 women of childbearing age (15-49years old) collected for the Salud Mesoamérica Initiative. Data collection took place in the 20% poorest municipalities of each country (July, 2012-August, 2013). RESULTS: Women in the poorest areas were very poorly informed about family planning methods...
January 23, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122046/effect-of-puerperal-infections-on-early-neonatal-mortality-a-secondary-analysis-of-six-demographic-and-health-surveys
#9
Saverio Bellizzi, Quique Bassat, Mohamed M Ali, Howard L Sobel, Marleen Temmerman
BACKGROUND: Around 1.5 million annual neonatal deaths occur in the first week of life, and infections represent one of the major causes in developing countries. Neonatal sepsis is often strictly connected to infection of the maternal genital tract during labour. METHODS: The association between signs suggestive of puerperal infection and early neonatal mortality (<7 days of life) was performed using Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) data of six countries, conducted between 2010 and 2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116341/concurrent-chemoradiation-versus-radiotherapy-alone-for-the-treatment-of-locally-advanced-cervical-cancer-in-a-low-resource-setting
#10
Elena Pereira, Hoover Henriquez Cooper, Pedro Guillermo Zelaya, William Creasman, Fredric V Price, Vishal Gupta, Linus Chuang
Our goal was to determine the clinical treatment response following radiation administered with or without chemotherapy for locally advanced cervical cancers in Honduras. This is a retrospective study of patients treated with either concurrent chemoradiation (CCRT) or external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) alone at a hospital in Tegucigalpa, Honduras. 70 Gy of EBRT to the pelvis was given in all cases. Brachytherapy was not available. Chemotherapy was given when available. Extrafascial hysterectomy was performed 6 weeks after completion of treatment in patients with a complete clinical response (cCR)...
February 2017: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076584/impact-of-bullying-victimization-on-suicide-and-negative-health-behaviors-among-adolescents-in-latin-america
#11
Matthew L Romo, Elizabeth A Kelvin
Objective: To compare the prevalence of bullying victimization, suicidal ideation, suicidal attempts, and negative health behaviors (current tobacco use, recent heavy alcohol use, truancy, involvement in physical fighting, and unprotected sexual intercourse) in five different Latin American countries and determine the association of bullying victimization with these outcomes, exploring both bullying type and frequency. Methods: Study data were from Global School-based Student Health Surveys from Bolivia, Costa Rica, Honduras, Peru, and Uruguay, which covered nationally representative samples of school-going adolescents...
November 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076579/factors-that-influence-career-choice-in-primary-care-among-medical-students-starting-social-service-in-honduras
#12
E Benjamín Puertas, Tamara Y Rivera
Objective: To 1) describe patterns of specialty choice; 2) investigate relationships between career selection and selected demographic indicators; and 3) identify salary perception, factors that influence career choice in primary care, and factors that influence desired location of future medical practice. Methods: The study used a mixed-methods approach that included a cross-sectional questionnaire survey applied to 234 last-year medical students in Honduras (September 2014), and semi-structured interviews with eight key informants (October 2014)...
November 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072836/pre-migration-trauma-exposure-and-mental-health-functioning-among-central-american-migrants-arriving-at-the-us-border
#13
Allen Keller, Amy Joscelyne, Megan Granski, Barry Rosenfeld
In recent years, increasing numbers of families and individuals have arrived at the U.S. border from Central America, in particular, from Honduras, El Salvador, and Guatemala. This study sought to examine pre-migration trauma exposure and current mental health functioning of migrant families arriving at the U.S. border from the Northern Triangle region, with specific attention to the reasons offered for leaving their home country and the frequency with which migrant families appear to satisfy legal criteria for asylum We interviewed 234 adults in McAllen, Texas, using a structured interview and standardized questionnaires to assess exposure to trauma prior to migration, reasons for leaving their home country and symptoms of posttraumatic stress and depression...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997475/diabetes-among-people-with-tuberculosis-hiv-infection-viral-hepatitis-b-and-c-and-stds-in-new-york-city-2006-2010
#14
Ann Drobnik, Alexander Breskin, Jennifer Fuld, Christine Chan, James Hadler, Bahman Tabaei, Natalie Stennis, Shama Ahuja, Winfred Wu, Jay K Varma
Matching infectious disease surveillance data has become a routine activity for many health departments. With the increasing focus on chronic disease, it is also useful to explore opportunities to match infectious and chronic disease surveillance data. To understand the burden of diabetes in New York City (NYC), adults with select infectious diseases (tuberculosis, HIV infection, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, chlamydial infection, gonorrhea, and syphilis) reported between 2006 and 2010 were matched with hemoglobin A1c results reported in the same period...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991607/a-multiorganization-approach-to-improving-palliative-care-in-honduras
#15
Lisa Kennedy Sheldon, Constance Dahlin, Shail Maingi, Jose Sanchez
Since 2011, oncology nurses and physicians in the United States have been volunteering in Honduras with the International Cancer Corps (ICC), organized by the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO), in partnership with Health Volunteers Overseas (HVO). In this article, the authors will summarize the work of the ASCO/HVO ICC teams that developed educational programs with local partners to improve cancer and palliative care in Honduras.
January 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988653/taxonomic-revision-of-the-moss-salamander-i-nototriton-i-i-barbouri-i-schmidt-caudata-plethodontidae-with-description-of-two-new-species-from-the-cordillera-nombre-de-dios-honduras
#16
Josiah H Townsend
Moss salamanders (genus Nototriton) are represented in northern Central America by nine putative species: N. barbouri, N. brodiei, N. lignicola, N. limnospectator, N. mime, N. picucha, N. saslaya, N. stuarti, and N. tomamorum. I estimate the phylogenetic relationships for these species based on data from three mitochondrial gene fragments (16S, cytochrome b, and COI), and compare morphological variation among putative taxa. As evidenced here and in previous studies, the taxon N. barbouri is paraphyletic with respect to populations from the Cordillera Nombre de Dios in northern Honduras...
November 24, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982369/mapping-of-nutrition-and-sectoral-policies-addressing-malnutrition-in-latin-america
#17
María Cristina Tirado, Luis Galicia, Hannah M Husby, Jaime Lopez, Stephania Olamendi, Maria Pia Chaparro, María A González, Rubén Grajeda
Objective: To map existing policies addressing malnutrition in all its forms in Latin America and identify gaps in enabling environments supporting the five priority lines of action outlined in the World Health Organization Comprehensive Implementation Plan on Maternal, Infant and Young Child Nutrition (CIP) approved in 2014. Methods: This descriptive study consisted of a systematic Internet search for and mapping of publicly available nutrition-related and sectoral policies already in place to address malnutrition in all its forms in 18 Latin American countries (Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, and Uruguay)...
August 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891759/sociodemographic-correlates-and-family-aggregation-of-leukocyte-telomere-length-in-adults-and-children-from-mesoamerica
#18
Kerry S Flannagan, Erica C Jansen, Laura S Rozek, Katie M Rentschler, Ana Victoria Roman, Manuel Ramirez-Zea, Eduardo Villamor
OBJECTIVE: Telomere length is a biomarker of cumulative stress and inflammation related to chronic disease risk. We examined the associations of leukocyte telomere length (LTL) with sociodemographic and anthropometric variables and estimated LTL family aggregation in Central America, a region with a high burden of chronic disease where LTL has not been studied. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 174 school age children and their parents in the capital cities of Belize, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, and the city of Tuxtla-Gutierrez in Mexico...
November 28, 2016: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882241/immune-profile-of-honduran-schoolchildren-with-intestinal-parasites-the-skewed-response-against-geohelminths
#19
José Antonio Gabrie, María Mercedes Rueda, Carol Anahelka Rodríguez, Maritza Canales, Ana Lourdes Sanchez
Soil-transmitted helminth infections typically induce a type-2 immune response (Th2), but no immunoepidemiological studies have been undertaken in Honduras, an endemic country where the main control strategy is children's annual deworming. We aimed to characterize the immune profile of Honduran schoolchildren harbouring these parasitoses. Demographic and epidemiological data were obtained through a survey; nutritional status was assessed through anthropometry; intestinal parasites were diagnosed by formol-ether and Kato-Katz; and blood samples were collected to determine immunological markers including Th1/Th2 cytokines, IgE, and eosinophil levels...
2016: Journal of Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876005/a-predictive-model-to-differentiate-dengue-from-other-febrile-illness
#20
Eduardo Fernández, Marek Smieja, Stephen D Walter, Mark Loeb
BACKGROUND: Dengue is a major public health problem in tropical and subtropical countries and has a presentation similar to other febrile illnesses. Since laboratory confirmation is frequently delayed, the majority of dengue cases are diagnosed based on symptoms. The objective of this study was to identify clinical, hematological and demographical parameters that could be used as predictors of dengue fever among patients with febrile illness. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 548 patients presenting with febrile syndrome to the largest public hospitals in Honduras...
November 22, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
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