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Adriana Hernández, Adriana Beatriz Di Iorio, Jeffrey Lansdale, María Belén Salazar
Sweeteners are found in all types of foods, and their high consumption is associated with chronic degenerative diseases, such as diabetes and obesity, among others. A characterization was carried out of food products with sweeteners from the three biggest supermarkets at a national level; they were identified by the list of ingredients and classified according to caloric or non-caloric intake, and pursuant to their country of origin. A statistical interpretation of results was made using descriptive measures such as the number of times the sweeteners were found in the formulation of the products and how many of them were found in a product at the same time...
March 11, 2018: Nutrients
Jody C Gan
Service learning experiences abroad provide an excellent opportunity for seasoned health educators to share their skills with underresourced communities in other parts of the world while enriching their own professional development. Health educators have not traditionally participated in short-term medical service trips, which have become a popular humanitarian effort, yet their contributions can expand the scope of these efforts. With our responsibilities often focused on assessing needs, planning, implementing, and evaluation, seasoned health educators can provide guidance for new initiatives and share health promotion materials and other resources with communities in other parts of the world...
March 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Jocelyn Anstey Watkins, Jane Goudge, Francesc Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Caroline Huxley, Katherine Dodd, Frances Griffiths
Background: Routine monitoring by patients and healthcare providers to manage chronic disease is vital, though this can be challenging in low-resourced health systems. Mobile health (mHealth) has been proposed as one way to improve management of chronic diseases. Past mHealth reviews have proposed the need for a greater understanding around how the theoretical constructs in mHealth interventions actually work. In response, we synthesised evidence from primary studies on monitoring of chronic diseases using two-way digital text or voice communication between a patient and health worker...
2018: BMJ Global Health
A Palma, B Ortiz, L Mendoza, G Matamoros, J A Gabrie, A L Sánchez, G Fontecha
Ascaris sp. is a soil-transmitted helminth (STH) significantly affecting the health of human and swine populations. Health inequities and poverty, with resulting deficiencies in water, sanitation and hygiene, are directly associated with Ascaris lumbricoides prevalence in humans. Resource constraints also lead to small-scale livestock production under unsanitary conditions. Free-ranging pigs, for instance, are exposed to a number of infectious agents, among which Ascaris suum is one of the most common. Under these conditions, close proximity between people and pigs can result in cross-contamination; that is, pigs harbouring human Ascaris and vice versa...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Helminthology
Edwina Romanens, Rebecca Näf, Tobias Lobmaier, Vasilisa Pedan, Susette Freimüller Leischtfeld, Leo Meile, Susanne Miescher Schwenninger
Lab-scale systems modelling the spontaneous cocoa bean fermentation process are useful tools to research the influence of process parameters on the fermentation and the final bean quality. In this study in Honduras, a 1-kg lab-scale fermentation (LS-F) was compared to a 300-kg on-farm fermentation (OF-F) in a multiphasic approach, analysing microbial counts, microbial species diversity, physico-chemical parameters, and final dried bean quality. Yeast and total aerobic counts of up to 8 log CFU/g during the LS-F were comparable to the OF-F, while counts for lactic acid bacteria and acetic acid bacteria were up to 3 log CFU/g lower during the LS-F than during the OF-F...
February 28, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Lianne Fuino Estefan, Katie A Ports, Tracy Hipp
Purpose of Review: Unaccompanied children (UC) migrating to the USA from the Central American countries of El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras are an underserved population at high risk for health, academic, and social problems. These children experience trauma, violence, and other risk factors that are shared among several types of interpersonal violence. Recent Findings: The trauma and violence experienced by many unaccompanied children, and the subsequent implications for their healthy development into adulthood, indicate the critical need for a public health approach to prevention and intervention...
April 2017: Current Trauma Reports
Wolfgang Munar, Syed S Wahid, Leslie Curry
Background. Improving performance of primary care systems in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) may be a necessary condition for achievement of universal health coverage in the age of Sustainable Development Goals. The Salud Mesoamerica Initiative (SMI), a large-scale, multi-country program that uses supply-side financial incentives directed at the central-level of governments, and continuous, external evaluation of public, health sector performance to induce improvements in primary care performance in eight LMICs...
January 3, 2018: Gates Open Res
Marc E Walker, Carolyn Chuang, Craig R Moores, Matthew L Webb, Samuel D Buonocore, J Grant Thomson
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess impact of the surgeon consultation and informed consent process on patient education in an international hand surgery mission compared with a US academic hand surgery practice. These two groups were selected to evaluate communication difficulties in a surgical mission setting compared with standard of care in a high-income country. METHODS: A multi-part survey was administered to patients presenting to a hand surgery mission during March 2012 and new patients of a university hand center in a 3-month period during 2011...
March 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
Bryan Ortiz, Erika Pérez-Alemán, Carmen Galo, Gustavo Fontecha
BACKGROUND: Candiduria is a common infection among hospitalised patients. Although the clinical relevance of yeasts in urine is not clearly defined, fungal urinary tract infections have increased significantly in the last decades, becoming a growing public health problem. Candida albicans is the most commonly reported species in urinary infections, although other species of the genus are becoming particularly important, because some of them are linked with resistance to antifungal drugs...
January 30, 2018: Revista Iberoamericana de Micología
Wanbo Tai, Lei He, Yufei Wang, Shihun Sun, Guangyu Zhao, Chuming Luo, Pei Li, Haiyan Zhao, Daved H Fremont, Fang Li, Shibo Jiang, Yusen Zhou, Lanying Du
Zika virus (ZIKV) infection remains a serious health threat due to its close association with congenital Zika syndrome (CZS), which includes microcephaly and other severe birth defects. As no vaccines are available for human use, continuous effort is needed to develop effective and safe vaccines to prevent ZIKV infection. In this study, we constructed three recombinant proteins comprising, respectively, residues 296-406 (E296-406), 298-409 (E298-409), and 301-404 (E301-404) of ZIKV envelope (E) protein domain III (EDIII) fused with a C-terminal Fc of human IgG...
January 24, 2018: Emerging Microbes & Infections
Rhodora R Aldemita, Randy A Hautea
The global area of biotech crops in 2016 increased from 179.7 million hectares to 185.1 million hectares, a 3% increase equivalent to 5.4 million hectares. Some 26 countries planted biotech crops, 19 of which were developing countries and seven were industrial. Information and data collected from various credible sources showed variations from the previous year. Fluctuations in biotech crop area (both increases and decreases) are influenced by factors including, among others, acceptance and commercialization of new products, demand for meat and livestock feeds, weather conditions, global market price, disease/pest pressure, and government's enabling policies...
January 16, 2018: GM Crops & Food
Alex Guan Wang, Tianyu Dong, Hayam Mansour, Gabriela Matamoros, Ana L Sanchez, Feng Li
Soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections are a global health issue affecting nearly one-third of the world's population. As most endemic areas of STH are impoverished countries or regions with limited healthcare resources, the accurate diagnosis of STH requires analytical tools that are not only quantitative, but also portable, inexpensive, and with no or minimal demand for external instrument. Herein, we introduce a novel paper-based diagnostic device, termed quantitative paper-based DNA reader (qPDR), capable of quantifying STH at the molecular level by measuring distance as readout, thus eliminating the need for external readers...
January 16, 2018: ACS Sensors
Ángel Mejía, Gabriela Matamoros, Gustavo Fontecha, Wilfredo Sosa-Ochoa
BACKGROUND: Some Lutzomyia species are the vectors of human leishmaniasis in the Americas. Visceral and cutaneous leishmaniasis are both endemic in the Pacific region of Honduras, but the non-ulcerative form is the more frequent clinical manifestation in this region, where Lutzomyia longipalpis is the most abundant and the only incriminated vector. Taxonomic identification and distribution studies of sand flies are important to understand the epidemiology and to control these neglected tropical diseases...
January 5, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
Manuel Ruiz-García, Ángela Cerón, Sebastián Sánchez-Castillo, Pilar Rueda-Zozaya, Myreya Pinedo-Castro, Gustavo Gutierrez-Espeleta, Joseph Mark Shostell
We analyzed 156 specimens of diverse howler monkey taxa (Alouatta; Atelidae, Primates) for different mitochondrial genes (5,567 base pairs), with special emphasis on A. palliata and related taxa. Our results showed no relevant differences among individuals of different putative taxa, A. p. palliata, A. p. aequatorialis, A. coibensis coibensis, and A. c. trabeata. We found no spatial differences in genetic structure of A. p. palliata throughout Costa Rica, Nicaragua, and Honduras. A. p. mexicana (genetic distance: 1...
December 21, 2017: Folia Primatologica; International Journal of Primatology
Moazzam Ali, Kelsey Miller, Rachel Folz, Brooke Ronald Johnson, James Kiarie
The original version of this article [1] unfortunately contained a mistake. All occurrences in the main text referring to the research carried out in the following countries: Brazil, Honduras and Columbia should instead be replaced with "Brazil, Honduras and Panama". The original version of this article has been updated to reflect this change.
December 19, 2017: Reproductive Health
Valeria Juliete DA Silva, David A Rider, Jose Antonio Marin Fernandes
In accordance with the rules in the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, the type species for the genus Edessa Fabricius, 1803 is now recognized to be Cimex antilope Fabricius, 1798 rather than the previously recognized Cimex cervus Fabricius, 1787. Edessa antilope is redescribed, as well as the following four species that have in the past been related or compared to E. antilope: E. arabs (Linnaeus, 1758) from French Guiana, Costa Rica and Panama (new record), E. helix Erichson, 1848 from Costa Rica, Panama, Venezuela, Suriname (new record), Guyana, Brazil (new record), Bolivia (new record) and Argentina (new record), E...
November 13, 2017: Zootaxa
Alan F Burke, Catherine L Sole, Víctor H Toledo-Hernández, Clarke H Scholtz
Five new species of Cymatodera from Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, Costa Rica and Panama are described here based on adult male and female specimens: Cymatodera humeralis sp. n; Cymatodera lorenae sp. n.; Cymatodera crassa sp. n.; Cymatodera depressa sp. n; and Cymatodera nigrofasciata sp. n. Male genitalia and other characters of taxonomic value are used for diagnostic purposes.
November 16, 2017: Zootaxa
Terry Griswold, Molly G Rightmyer
The eleven species of the North American subgenus Osmia (Diceratomsia) are revised, four of which are new: Osmia (Diceratosmia) exquisita, n. sp., from Honduras; Osmia (Diceratomia) gonzalezi, n. sp., and Osmia (Diceratomia) spinulifera, n. sp., from Mexico; and Osmia (Diceratomsia) lacunosa, n. sp., from the Bahamas. Diagnoses for the remaining seven species and a key to the males and females of all species are provided. We newly designate a neotype for Osmia botitena Cockerell, junior synonym of Osmia subfasciata Cresson, and remove from synonymy Osmia marilaunidii Cockerell, new status...
October 17, 2017: Zootaxa
Osbourne Quaye, Sunando Roy, Kunchala Rungsrisuriyachai, Mathew D Esona, Ziqian Xu, Ka Ian Tam, Dina J Castro Banegas, Gloria Rey-Benito, Michael D Bowen
BACKGROUND: Although first detected in animals, the rare rotavirus strain G10P[14] has been sporadically detected in humans in Slovenia, Thailand, United Kingdom and Australia among other countries. Earlier studies suggest that the strains found in humans resulted from interspecies transmission and reassortment between human and bovine rotavirus strains. OBJECTIVES: In this study, a G10P[14] rotavirus genotype detected in a human stool sample in Honduras during the 2010-2011 rotavirus season, from an unvaccinated 30-month old boy who reported at the hospital with severe diarrhea and vomiting, was characterised to determine the possible evolutionary origin of the rare strain...
January 2018: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Pierre Buekens, María Luisa Cafferata, Jackeline Alger, Fernando Althabe, José M Belizán, Norma Bustamante, Yves Carlier, Alvaro Ciganda, Jaime H Del Cid, Eric Dumonteil, Rubí Gamboa-León, Jorge A García, Luz Gibbons, Olga Graiff, Jesús Gurubel Maldonado, Claudia Herrera, Elizabeth Howard, Laura Susana Lara, Benjamín López, María Luisa Matute, María Jesús Ramírez-Sierra, María Cecilia Robles, Sergio Sosa-Estani, Carine Truyens, Christian Valladares, Dawn M Wesson, Concepción Zúniga, For The Congenital Chagas Working Group
Compared with South America, there is a lack of epidemiologic studies about the risk of congenital transmission of Trypanosoma cruzi in Central America and Mexico. It has been suggested that T. cruzi genotypes might differ by region and that congenital transmission might vary according to the parasite's genotype. Our objective was to compare T. cruzi congenital transmission rates in three countries. We performed an observational prospective study in 2011-2014 enrolling women at delivery in one hospital in Argentina, two hospitals in Honduras, and two hospitals in Mexico...
February 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
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