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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918296/trichobezoar-with-and-without-rapunzel-syndrome-in-paediatric-population-a-case-series-from-a-tertiary-care-centre-of-northern-india
#1
Pradeep Kajal, Namita Bhutani, Niharika Tyagi, Pratibha Arya
INTRODUCTION: Trichobezoars are concretions formed by accumulation of hair in stomach. Usually, trichobezoar is confined to the stomach, but rarely it may extend from the stomach to the small intestine and even colon. This is an unusual form called Rapunzel syndrome. Our experience with this rare entity of Rapunzel syndrome and interesting entity of trichobezoar is being presented with review of literature. PRESENTATION OF CASES: We, at our institute, encountered four cases of trichobezoar in last five years, out of which two were found to be of Rapunzel syndrome...
September 8, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917228/parenteral-nutrition-combined-with-enteral-feeding-improves-the-outcome-of-cancer-patients
#2
Pei-Chun Chao, Cheau-Feng Lin, Hui-Ju Chuang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study investigated whether total parenteral nutrition combined with enteral nutrition is associated with improved biochemical and clinical outcomes in cancer patients with gastrointestinal dysfunction. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: From January to December 2014, the clinical data of 68 patients in a cancer ward were retrospectively collected, and these patients were classified into two groups according to nutrition delivery, through parenteral nutrition, combined with enteral nutrition more (group A) or less (group B) than 250 kcal/day...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917176/health-based-ingestion-exposure-guidelines-for-vibrio-cholerae-technical-basis-for-water-reuse-applications
#3
Annetta P Watson, Anthony Q Armstrong, George H White, Brandolyn H Thran
U.S. military and allied contingency operations are increasingly occurring in locations with limited, unstable or compromised fresh water supplies. Non-potable graywater reuse is currently under assessment as a viable means to increase mission sustainability while significantly reducing the resources, logistics and attack vulnerabilities posed by transport of fresh water. Development of health-based (non-potable) exposure guidelines for the potential microbial components of graywater would provide a logical and consistent human-health basis for water reuse strategies...
September 13, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910482/an-outbreak-investigation-report-and-lessons-learned-by-multinational-coalition-forces-october-2016-baghdad-iraq
#4
Stanley A Gorzelnik, Laura N Kephart, Wendy E Miklos
BACKGROUND: Public health personnel from the 28th Combat Support Hospital in Baghdad, Iraq, conducted an outbreak investigation in response to many local cases of gastrointestinal (GI) illness presenting to U.S. medical facilities. The investigation was conducted to identify the source of the illness, assess the extent of cases, and make recommendations to prevent similar outbreaks. METHODS AND MATERIALS: For this retrospective cohort study, medical records and patient outbreak questionnaires were reviewed...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903846/ileocolonic-basidiobolomycosis-in-a-child-an-unusual-fungal-infection
#5
Anjum Saeed, Ahmed Alsarkhy, Mona Al Asmi, Mohammad El Mouzan, Yasin Hamid, Asaad Assiri
Systemic basidiobolomycosis is a rare fungal infection caused by Basidiobolus rararum (B. rararum). The clinical presentation is non-specific and is similar to many gastrointestinal conditions such as Crohn's disease (CD). The most consistent findings of basidiobolomycosis are recurrent abdominal pain, weight loss, fever and peripheral eosinophilia. Most of the patients are diagnosed on surgical resection of the involved region along with compatible histopathological findings like transmural inflammation, granulomas with eosinophilic infiltration (Splendore-Hoeppli phenomenon) and more specifically detection of fungal hyphae on fungal stains...
August 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901578/irritable-bowel-syndrome-in-asia-pathogenesis-natural-history-epidemiology-and-management
#6
REVIEW
Kok-Ann Gwee, Uday Chand Ghoshal, Minhu Chen
Historically, the epidemiology of gastrointestinal diseases in Asia was different from that in Western countries. Early studies suggested a low prevalence of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in Asia. As the diagnosis of IBS is symptom-based, and as symptom perception, expression and interpretation, are influenced by sociocultural perspectives including language, the presentation of IBS is expected to vary in different communities. Furthermore, the pathogenesis is multifactorial with psychosocial (stress, illness, behavior, diet) and biological (infection, gut microbiota, immune activation) variables interacting, and so we can anticipate that the development of IBS will vary in different environments...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894769/severe-mitral-regurgitation-in-a-child-with-henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura-and-pulmonary-hemorrhage
#7
Cornelius A James, Ismael Gonzalez, Paras Khandhar, Bishara J Freij
Introduction: Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is the most common vasculitis of childhood. The classic triad of HSP consists of nonthrombocytopenic purpura, arthritis/arthralgia, and gastrointestinal complaints. Pulmonary hemorrhage and cardiac involvement are rare complications of HSP. Case Report: We report the case of a 10-year-old girl with HSP complicated by both severe mitral regurgitation and pulmonary hemorrhage. Discussion: HSP is typically a self-limited illness with an excellent prognosis in children...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894313/need-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-stress-ulcer-prophylaxis-in-critically-ill-children-a-canadian-survey
#8
Mark Duffett, Karen Choong, Jennifer Foster, Elaine Gilfoyle, Jacques Lacroix, Deborah J Cook
BACKGROUND: Stress ulcer prophylaxis is commonly used in pediatric critical care, to prevent upper gastrointestinal bleeding. The most frequently used agents are histamine-2 receptor antagonists (H2RAs) and proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). The risk-benefit ratio for stress ulcer prophylaxis is uncertain, because data from randomized clinical trials (RCTs) on the effectiveness and harms of prophylaxis in children are limited. OBJECTIVE: To describe the views of Canadian pediatric intensivists about a future RCT of stress ulcer prophylaxis...
July 2017: Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888627/genetic-and-pathogenic-characterization-of-a-novel-reassortant-mammalian-orthoreovirus-3-mrv3-from-a-diarrheic-piglet-and-seroepidemiological-survey-of-mrv3-in-diarrheic-pigs-from-east-china
#9
Pan Qin, Huan Li, Jing-Wei Wang, Bin Wang, Rong-Hui Xie, Hui Xu, Ling-Yan Zhao, Long Li, Yongfei Pan, Yanhua Song, Yao-Wei Huang
Mammalian orthoreoviruses (MRVs), which cause gastrointestinal and respiratory illness, have been isolated from a wide variety of mammalian species including bats, minks, pigs and humans. Here we report the isolation and genetic and pathogenic characterization of a novel MRV type 3 (MRV3), named MRV-ZJ2013, from the diarrheic feces of piglets in Zhejiang province, China. Genomic and phylogenetic analysis shows that MRV-ZJ2013 may have originated from reassortments among mink, bat, and pig MRVs, suggesting the hypothesis that interspecies transmission has occurred in pig herds...
September 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886603/review-of-epidemiological-studies-of-drinking-water-turbidity-in-relation-to-acute-gastrointestinal-illness
#10
REVIEW
Anneclaire J De Roos, Patrick L Gurian, Lucy F Robinson, Arjita Rai, Issa Zakeri, Michelle C Kondo
BACKGROUND: Turbidity has been used as an indicator of microbiological contamination of drinking water in time-series studies attempting to discern the presence of waterborne gastrointestinal illness; however, the utility of turbidity as a proxy exposure measure has been questioned. OBJECTIVES: We conducted a review of epidemiological studies of the association between turbidity of drinking-water supplies and incidence of acute gastrointestinal illness (AGI), including a synthesis of the overall weight of evidence...
August 17, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885976/quantitative-microbial-risk-assessment-for-spray-irrigation-of-dairy-manure-based-on-an-empirical-fate-and-transport-model
#11
Tucker R Burch, Susan K Spencer, Joel P Stokdyk, Burney A Kieke, Rebecca A Larson, Aaron D Firnstahl, Ana M Rule, Mark A Borchardt
BACKGROUND: Spray irrigation for land-applying livestock manure is increasing in the United States as farms become larger and economies of scale make manure irrigation affordable. Human health risks from exposure to zoonotic pathogens aerosolized during manure irrigation are not well understood. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to a) estimate human health risks due to aerosolized zoonotic pathogens downwind of spray-irrigated dairy manure; and b) determine which factors (e...
August 16, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885920/antibiotic-therapy-for-acute-watery-diarrhea-and-dysentery
#12
David R Tribble
Diarrheal disease affects a large proportion of military personnel deployed to developing countries, resulting in decreased job performance and operational readiness. Travelers' diarrhea is self-limiting and generally resolves within 5 days; however, antibiotic treatment significantly reduces symptom severity and duration of illness. Presently, azithromycin is the preferred first-line antibiotic for the treatment of acute watery diarrhea (single dose 500 mg), as well as for febrile diarrhea and dysentery (single dose 1,000 mg)...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881144/studies-on-occurrence-characterization-and-decontamination-of-emerging-pathogenic-escherichia-coli-stec-etec-and-eiec-in-table-eggs
#13
C O Vinayananda, Nadeem Fairoze, C B Madhavaprasad, S M Byregowda, C Nagaraj, Prashanth Bagalkot, Nagappa Karabasanavar
1. Escherichia coli is one of the most common facultative anaerobic species present in the gastrointestinal tract of animals and human beings. Usually they occur as commensals, but some serotypes can cause significant illnesses in humans as well as mammals and birds. 2. The occurrence of E. coli in different categories of table eggs collected from markets was evaluated. Isolates were analysed for the presence of virulence genes, antibiotic susceptibility pattern and efficacy of peracetic acid and chlorine for the purpose of decontaminating table eggs...
September 7, 2017: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878696/-i-am-i-and-my-bacterial-circumstances-linking-gut-microbiome-neurodevelopment-and-depression
#14
REVIEW
Juan M Lima-Ojeda, Rainer Rupprecht, Thomas C Baghai
Recently, there has been renewed interest in the role played by microbiome in both human health and human disease. A correct equilibrium between the human host and their microorganisms is important for an appropriate physiological function. Extensive research has shown that microbes that inhabit the gastrointestinal tract-or gut microbiota-are involved not only in both nutritive and digestive activities but also in immunological processes. Moreover, the gut microbiome influences both central nervous system and energy homeostasis...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870665/association-of-paid-sick-leave-laws-with-foodborne-illness-rates
#15
Charleen Hsuan, Suzanne Ryan-Ibarra, Kat DeBurgh, Dawn M Jacobson
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies suggest an association between paid sick leave (PSL) and better population health, including fewer infectious and nosocomial gastrointestinal disease outbreaks. Yet few studies examine whether laws requiring employers to offer PSL demonstrate a similar association. This mixed-methods study examined whether laws requiring employers to provide PSL are associated with decreased foodborne illness rates, particularly laws that are more supportive of employees taking leave...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865339/enteral-nutrition-as-stress-ulcer-prophylaxis-in-critically-ill-patients-a-randomized-controlled-exploratory-study
#16
Karim El-Kersh, Bilal Jalil, Stephen A McClave, Rodrigo Cavallazzi, Juan Guardiola, Karen Guilkey, Annuradha K Persaud, Stephen P Furmanek, Brian E Guinn, Timothy L Wiemken, Mohamed Saad
PURPOSE: We investigated whether early enteral nutrition alone may be sufficient prophylaxis against stress-related gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding in mechanically ventilated patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospective, double blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, exploratory study that included mechanically ventilated patients in medical ICUs of two academic hospitals. Intravenous pantoprazole and early enteral nutrition were compared to placebo and early enteral nutrition as stress-ulcer prophylaxis...
August 26, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859689/remote-sensing-measurements-of-sea-surface-temperature-as-an-indicator-of-vibrio-parahaemolyticus-in-oyster-meat-and-human-illnesses
#17
Stephanie Konrad, Peggy Paduraru, Pablo Romero-Barrios, Sarah B Henderson, Eleni Galanis
BACKGROUND: Vibrio parahaemolyticus (Vp) is a naturally occurring bacterium found in marine environments worldwide. It can cause gastrointestinal illness in humans, primarily through raw oyster consumption. Water temperatures, and potentially other environmental factors, play an important role in the growth and proliferation of Vp in the environment. Quantifying the relationships between environmental variables and indicators or incidence of Vp illness is valuable for public health surveillance to inform and enable suitable preventative measures...
August 31, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856907/to-add-or-not-to-add-probiotics-to-infant-formulae-an-updated-systematic-review
#18
A Skórka, M Pieścik-Lech, M Kołodziej, H Szajewska
We updated evidence on the effects of the administration of probiotic-supplemented infant formulae (IF) compared with unsupplemented IF. Five databases were searched up to September 2016 for randomised controlled trials. Twenty publications were identified, including five new RCTs. Supplementation of IF with Bifidobacterium lactis Bb12, either alone or with Streptococcus thermophilus, had no effect on growth, respiratory illness, antibiotic use, stool frequency or consistency. However, there was a significant reduction in the number of episodes of gastrointestinal infections (Bb12) and a lower frequency of colic or irritability (when both strains were used)...
August 31, 2017: Beneficial Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854914/factors-related-with-colorectal-and-stomach-cancer-screening-practice-among-disease-free-lung-cancer-survivors-in-korea
#19
Sang Min Park, Jongmog Lee, Young Ae Kim, Yoon Jung Chang, Moon Soo Kim, Young Mog Shim, Jae Ill Zo, Young Ho Yun
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer survivors are more likely to develop colorectal and stomach cancer than the general population. However, little is known about the current status of gastrointestinal cancer screening practices and related factors among lung cancer survivors. METHODS: We enrolled 829 disease-free lung cancer survivors ≥40 years of age, who had been treated at two hospitals from 2001 to 2006. The patients completed a questionnaire that included stomach and colorectal cancer screening after lung cancer treatment, as well as other sociodemographic variables...
August 30, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852243/genealogy-study-of-three-generations-of-patients-with-bipolar-mood-disorder-type-i
#20
Bahman Salehi, Sara Khoz, Bahman Sadeghi, Manouchehr Amanat, Mona Salehi
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this research is genealogy examination of three generation of bipolar mood disorder Type I patients. METHODS: Patients selected using Poisson sampling method from 100 patients with bipolar mood disorder Type I, referring to a psychiatric center of Amir Kabir Hospital of Arak, Iran. Examine issues such as physical ailments, psychological review of living and deceased family members of each patient, drawn family pedigree using pedigree chart, check the relationship of the different pattern of the autosomal dominant and recessive disease, sex-linked dominant and recessive and linked to Y chromosome have been performed on patients...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
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