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insuline at home

Julien Wils, Julie Favre, Jérémy Bellien
Diabetes induces a decrease in the number and function of different pro-angiogenic cells types generically designated as putative endothelial progenitor cells (EPC), which encompasses cells from myeloid origin that act in a paracrine fashion to promote angiogenesis and putative "true" EPC that contribute to endothelial replacement. This not only compromises neovasculogenesis in ischemic tissues but also impairs, at an early stage, the reendotheliziation process at sites of injury, contributing to the development of endothelial dysfunction and cardiovascular complications...
October 20, 2016: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Tazeen Jafar
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) defined as reduced estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) or presence of albuminuria, progresses to end stage renal disease (ESRD), needing dialysis or kidney transplant to sustain life, and is associated with increased risks of premature cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality. CKD ranked 18 leading (and most rapidly rising cause of mortality by the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. The social and economic consequences of CKD are far worse in low and middle income countries (LMICs) including India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Anjana Hulse, Suahma Rai, K M Prasanna Kumar
BACKGROUND: In children with type 1 diabetes, intensive diabetes management has been demonstrated to reduce long-term microvascular complications. At present, self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) by patients at home and glycated hemoglobin estimation every 3 months are used to monitor glycemic control in children. Recently, ambulatory glucose profile (AGP) is increasingly being used to study the glycemic patterns in adults. However, accuracy and reliability of AGP in children have not been evaluated yet...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Michio Kimura
 The present study was conducted to establish pharmaceutical intervention guidelines to enable hospital pharmacists to provide optimal pharmacotherapy to cancer patients. Many patients who use oral anticancer agents showed favorable drug compliance but insufficient drug adherence. It was demonstrated that in order to improve drug adherence, it is important to conduct interventions tailored to the patients' conditions so as to encourage interest in their medications, as well as to gain their understanding on the necessity and the side effects of their medications...
2016: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
J Kropff, J DeJong, S Del Favero, J Place, M Messori, B Coestier, A Farret, F Boscari, S Galasso, A Avogaro, D Bruttomesso, C Cobelli, E Renard, L Magni, J H DeVries
AIM: To assess the impact on fear of hypoglycaemia and treatment satisfaction with an artificial pancreas system used for 2 consecutive months, as well as participant acceptance of the artificial pancreas system. METHODS: In a randomized crossover trial participant-related outcomes associated with an evening-and-night artificial pancreas and sensor-augmented pump therapy were compared. Both intervention periods lasted 8 weeks. The artificial pancreas acceptance questionnaire (range 0-90, higher scores better), Hypoglycaemia Fear Survey II (range 0-72, higher scores worse) and Diabetes Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire (range 0-36, higher scores better) were completed by 32 participants...
October 1, 2016: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
Tazeen Jafar
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) defined as reduced estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) or presence of albuminuria, progresses to end stage renal disease (ESRD), needing dialysis or kidney transplant to sustain life, and is associated with increased risks of premature cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality. CKD ranked 18 leading (and most rapidly rising cause of mortality by the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. The social and economic consequences of CKD are far worse in low and middle income countries (LMICs) including India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Geetha Raghuveer, David A White, Laura L Hayman, Jessica G Woo, Juan Villafane, David Celermajer, Kenneth D Ward, Sarah D de Ferranti, Justin Zachariah
BACKGROUND: Although public health programs have led to a substantial decrease in the prevalence of tobacco smoking, the adverse health effects of tobacco smoke exposure are by no means a thing of the past. In the United States, 4 of 10 school-aged children and 1 of 3 adolescents are involuntarily exposed to secondhand tobacco smoke (SHS), with children of minority ethnic backgrounds and those living in low-socioeconomic-status households being disproportionately affected (68% and 43%, respectively)...
October 18, 2016: Circulation
Kym J Guelfi, Ming Jing Ong, Nicole A Crisp, Paul A Fournier, Karen E Wallman, J Robert Grove, Dorota A Doherty, John P Newnham
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of a supervised home-based exercise program on the recurrence and severity of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) together with other aspects of maternal health and obstetric and neonatal outcomes. METHODS: This randomized controlled trial allocated women with a history of GDM to an exercise intervention (14-week supervised home-based stationary cycling program) or to a control group (standard care) at 13±1 weeks of gestation...
October 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Guido Freckmann, Stephan Arndt, Albrecht Fießelmann, Gerhard Klausmann, Kristina Pralle, Thomas Künsting, Bettina Petersen
BACKGROUND: Continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) therapy is a valuable option especially for people with type 1 diabetes. Although insulin infusion sets (IIS) are essential components of most insulin pump systems, only few studies have been conducted on their performance and safety. In this study 2 IIS with soft cannulas were compared. METHODS: In an open-label, randomized, crossover, multicenter 8-week study 80 type 1 diabetic subjects on CSII (20-74 years, mean 46...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
Brandon C Chapman, Alessandro Paniccia, Carrie Ryan, Richard D Schulick, Barish H Edil
INTRODUCTION: Main-duct intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms of the pancreas (M-IPMN) are potentially malignant cystic neoplasms that can degenerate into invasive malignancy in 43 % of cases.1 Although laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy and distal pancreatectomy have been previously described for the management of pancreatic neoplasms, laparoscopic total pancreatectomy is rarely described. We present a video demonstrating a laparoscopic spleen-preserving total pancreatectomy in a patient with M-IPMN...
September 2, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Kishore K Katam, Vijayalakshmi Bhatia, Preeti Dabadghao, Eesh Bhatia
BACKGROUND: There is little information regarding costs of managing type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) from low- and middle-income countries. We estimated direct costs of T1DM in patients attending a referral diabetes clinic in a governmentfunded hospital in northern India. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 88 consecutive T1DM patients (mean [SD] age 15.3 [8] years) with age at onset <18 years presenting to the endocrine clinic of our institution. Data on direct costs were collected for a 12 months-6 months retrospectively followed by 6 months prospectively...
March 2016: National Medical Journal of India
Sandra Schaefer, Hans S Kooistra, Barbara Riond, Jan S Suchodolski, Jörg M Steiner, Marrit Prins, Eric Zini, Claudia E Reusch
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate circulating insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), feline pancreas-specific lipase (fPLI) and total thyroxine (TT4) concentrations and urinary corticoid-to-creatinine ratio (UCCR) as indicators for the prevalence of acromegaly, pancreatitis, hyperthyroidism and hypercortisolism in cats with diabetes mellitus. METHODS: Blood and urine samples were collected from diabetic cats treated in primary care clinics in Switzerland and the Netherlands...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Sun Y Lee, Gulce Askin, Marie E McDonnell, Lindsay M Arnold, Sara M Alexanian
Objective Hypoglycemia remains one of the main challenges of insulin therapy. To reduce insulin-related hypoglycemia at our institution, we restricted inpatient ordering of high glargine doses (≥0.5u/kg/day) to endocrine staff in 5/2013. This retrospective cohort study assesses its effect on hypoglycemia and glycemic control ≤48 hours of admission. Methods 692 adult patients hospitalized at Boston Medical Center and received glargine upon admission from 11/1/12-4/30/13 were identified as the pre-intervention group, and 651 adult patients from 11/1/13-4/30/14 as the post-intervention group...
August 19, 2016: Endocrine Practice
G D Ogle, M Abdullah, D Mason, A S Januszewski, S Besançon
AIM: Insulin loses potency when stored at high temperatures. Various clay pots part-filled with water, and other evaporative cooling devices, are used in less-resourced countries when home refrigeration is unavailable. This study examined the cooling efficacy of such devices. METHODS: Thirteen devices used in Sudan, Ethiopia, Tanzania, Mali, India, Pakistan and Haiti (10 clay pots, a goat skin, a vegetable gourd and a bucket filled with wet sand), and two identical commercially manufactured cooling wallets were compared...
November 2016: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
Denice S Feig, Elizabeth Asztalos, Rosa Corcoy, Alberto De Leiva, Lois Donovan, Moshe Hod, Lois Jovanovic, Erin Keely, Craig Kollman, Ruth McManus, Kellie Murphy, Katrina Ruedy, J Johanna Sanchez, George Tomlinson, Helen R Murphy
BACKGROUND: Women with type 1 diabetes strive for optimal glycemic control before and during pregnancy to avoid adverse obstetric and perinatal outcomes. For most women, optimal glycemic control is challenging to achieve and maintain. The aim of this study is to determine whether the use of real-time continuous glucose monitoring (RT-CGM) will improve glycemic control in women with type 1 diabetes who are pregnant or planning pregnancy. METHODS/DESIGN: A multi-center, open label, randomized, controlled trial of women with type 1 diabetes who are either planning pregnancy with an HbA1c of 7...
2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Mako Nagayoshi, Pamela L Lutsey, David Benkeser, Christina L Wassel, Aaron R Folsom, Eyal Shahar, Hiroyasu Iso, Matthew A Allison, Michael H Criqui, Susan Redline
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Numerous biological pathways linking sleep disturbances to atherosclerosis have been identified, such as insulin resistance, inflammation, hypertension, and endothelial dysfunction. Yet, the association of sleep apnea and sleep duration with peripheral artery disease (PAD) is not well characterized. METHODS: We evaluated the cross-sectional association between objectively measured sleep and prevalent PAD in 1844 participants (mean age 68 years) who in 2010-2013 had in-home polysomnography, 7-day wrist actigraphy and ankle-brachial index (ABI) measurements...
August 2016: Atherosclerosis
Irén Tiberg, Björn Lindgren, Annelie Carlsson, Inger Hallström
BACKGROUND: Practices regarding hospitalisation of children at diagnosis of type 1 diabetes vary both within countries and internationally, and high-quality evidence of best practice is scarce. The objective of this study was to close some of the gaps in evidence by comparing two alternative regimens for children diagnosed with type 1 diabetes: hospital-based care and hospital-based home care (HBHC), referring to specialist care in a home-based setting. METHODS: A randomised controlled trial, including 60 children aged 3-15 years, took place at a university hospital in Sweden...
2016: BMC Pediatrics
Nicholas J Andreas, Matthew J Hyde, Bronwen R Herbert, Suzan Jeffries, Shalini Santhakumaran, Sundhiya Mandalia, Elaine Holmes, Neena Modi
OBJECTIVES: We tested the hypothesis that there is a positive association between maternal body mass index (BMI) and the concentration of appetite-regulating hormones leptin, insulin, ghrelin and resistin in breast milk. We also aimed to describe the change in breast milk hormone concentration within each feed, and over time. SETTING: Mothers were recruited from the postpartum ward at a university hospital in London. Breast milk samples were collected at the participants' homes...
2016: BMJ Open
Justine Sita Baron, Shashivadan Parbat Hirani, Stanton Peter Newman
INTRODUCTION: Evidence supporting home telehealth effects on clinical outcomes in diabetes is available, yet mechanisms of action for these improvements remain poorly understood. Behavioural change is one plausible explanation. This study investigated the behavioural effects of a mobile-phone based home telehealth (MTH) intervention in people with diabetes. It was hypothesized that MTH would improve self-efficacy, illness beliefs, and diabetes self-care. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial compared standard care to standard care supplemented with MTH (self-monitoring, data transmission, graphical and nurse-initiated feedback, educational calls)...
July 3, 2016: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
Anne Haugstvedt, Morten Aarflot, Jannicke Igland, Tilla Landbakk, Marit Graue
BACKGROUND: Providing high-quality diabetes care in nursing homes and home-based care facilities requires suitable instruments to evaluate the level of diabetes knowledge among the health-care providers. Thus, the aim of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Michigan Diabetes Knowledge Test adapted for use among nursing personnel. METHODS: The study included 127 nursing personnel (32 registered nurses, 69 nursing aides and 26 nursing assistants) at three nursing homes and one home-based care facility in Norway...
2016: BMC Nursing
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