Read by QxMD icon Read

insuline at home

Dandan Zhao, Shaoqian Zhao, Xiao Wang, Mingbo Su, Wen Liu, Qinyun Ma, Jie Hong, Weiqiong Gu, Jingya Li, Ruixin Liu, Guang Ning, Jiqiu Wang, Yifei Zhang
The clinical application of dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitors (DPP4i) increasing active glucagon-like peptide-1 (AGLP-1) levels has been linked to pancreatitis, pancreatic tumors, and cardiovascular events. However, DPP4 mutations in humans or the long-term outcomes of high glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) level exposure have not been reported. A trio family with a proband showing an extremely high AGLP-1 level [defined here as hyperglipemia (hyper-glucagon-like peptide-1-emia)] were conducted whole-exome sequencing for potential pathogenic genetic defects...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
Helmuth Haslacher, Hannelore Fallmann, Claudia Waldhäusl, Edith Hartmann, Oswald F Wagner, Werner Waldhäusl
BACKGROUND: T1D treatment requires informed self-responsible patients, who, however, frequently miss their therapeutic goals, providing considerable potential for improvement. METHODS: This observational report evaluates T1D patients [N = 109], aged ≥18 years (range 22-82), poorly controlled at home, at and 3 weeks after their admission to our diabetes rehabilitation clinic [DRC], where they were offered standardized, but unmonitored life-style modification. RESULTS: At admission, patients displayed elevated HbA1c values (66 mmol/mol [57; 81]), a high prevalence of co-morbidities (88%), lipodystrophies due to monolocal insulin injections (42%), a low rate of influenza (16%) and pneumococcal (7%) immunization, and underuse of lipid-lowering drugs (-38%)...
2018: PloS One
Pierre Yves Benhamou, Erik Huneker, Sylvia Franc, Maeva Doron, Guillaume Charpentier
AIMS: Improvement in closed-loop insulin delivery systems could result from customization of settings to individual needs and remote monitoring. This pilot home study evaluated the efficacy and relevance of this approach. METHODS: A bicentric clinical trial was conducted for 3 weeks, using an MPC-based algorithm (Diabeloop Artificial Pancreas system) featuring five settings designed to modulate the reactivity of regulation. Remote monitoring was ensured by expert nurses with a web platform generating automatic Secured Information Messages (SIMs) and with a structured procedure...
March 9, 2018: Acta Diabetologica
Douglas A Stram, Xuejuan Jiang, Rohit Varma, Mina Torres, Bruce S Burkemper, Farzana Choudhury, Ronald Klein, W James Gauderman, Roberta McKean-Cowdin
Objective: To identify factors associated with prevalent diabetic retinopathy (DR) among Chinese American adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and to compare these factors to ones previously described for a population-based sample of Latinos with a higher DR prevalence. Design: Population-based cross-sectional study. Participants: 4582 Chinese Americans aged 50 or older residing in Monterey Park, California. Methods: Participants completed an in-home questionnaire on socio-demographic status and medical history, and a comprehensive clinical eye examination, using the same protocol implemented in the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study...
February 2018: Ophthalmology Retina
Ali Janati, Mohamad Ali Sarabchian, Bahram Mohaghegh, Naser Aghmohamadzadeh, Hesam Seyedin, Masumeh Gholizadeh, Edris Hasanpoor
Background: Type 2 Diabetes is a main concern of public health in contemporary world with remarkable mortality, delayed complications and health costs. Governments are obliged to improve the quality of health care and consider appropriate strategies to reduce the costs. An alternative strategy for hospital services is care at home. Therefore, this study was aimed to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of home-based and hospital-based diabetes care. Methods: A quasi-experimental, pre-test and post-test design was conducted in Northwest Iran...
November 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Eleanor M Scott, Rudy W Bilous, Alexandra Kautzky-Willer
BACKGROUND: Accuracy of the FreeStyle Libre™ Flash Glucose Monitoring System has not been evaluated in pregnant women with diabetes. The aim of this study was to determine accuracy (compared to self-monitoring of blood glucose [SMBG]), clinical safety, and acceptability of the FreeStyle Libre System when used at home by this population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-four participants, with type 1 (T1D, n = 24), type 2 (T2D, n = 11), or gestational (n = 39) diabetes, were enrolled across 13 sites (9 in United Kingdom, 4 in Austria)...
February 22, 2018: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
Zhaowei Chen, Quanyin Hu, Zhen Gu
Cell therapy has become a momentum-gathering treatment strategy for a variety of diseases, including cancer, diabetes, hemophilia, and cardiomyopathy. However, clinical applications of conventional cell therapies have often been compromised by rapid decline in viability and function of the transplanted cells due to host recognition and subsequent foreign body rejection. Along this line, cell engineering technologies such as cell encapsulation within microcapsules and immobilization in porous scaffolds have been implemented to address the immunosuppression concerns...
February 15, 2018: Accounts of Chemical Research
Laurel H Messer, Gregory P Forlenza, Jennifer L Sherr, R Paul Wadwa, Bruce A Buckingham, Stuart A Weinzimer, David M Maahs, Robert H Slover
OBJECTIVE: The MiniMed 670G System is the first commercial hybrid closed-loop (HCL) system for management of type 1 diabetes. Using data from adolescent and young adult participants, we compared insulin delivery patterns and time-in-range metrics in HCL (Auto Mode) and open-loop (OL). System alerts, usage profiles, and operational parameters were examined to provide suggestions for optimal clinical use of the system. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Data from 31 adolescent and young adult participants (14-26 years old) at three clinical sites in the 670G pivotal trial were analyzed...
February 14, 2018: Diabetes Care
Naushira Pandya, Nancy Losben, Jane Moore
Management of diabetes for residents in long-term care settings is particularly challenging, due to the wide range of physical and mental limitations that bear on efficacy of their medications, as well as practical issues associated with the optimal administration of these medications. Foremost among the practical issues for residents requiring insulin injections, is the need to ensure that it is consistently delivered to the circulation at the target rate and dosage, thereby avoiding life-threatening episodes of hypoglycemia...
January 25, 2018: Geriatric Nursing
Lisa Chu, Katherine M Morrison, Michael C Riddell, Sandeep Raha, Brian W Timmons
PURPOSE: The capacity to match carbohydrate (CHO) oxidation with CHO availability (deemed metabolic flexibility (MetFlex)) may be important for type 2 diabetes prevention. In adults, impaired MetFlex is associated with insulin resistance (IR), which can be improved with as little as 7 days of exercise. Whether this occurs similarly in children is unknown. We hypothesized 7 consecutive days of exercise would improve MetFlex and IR in children with obesity. METHODS: Twelve children (8 boys, 4 girls) completed 2 study visits before (PRE) and 2 study visits after (POST) exercise training...
February 2, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
Ghassan Idris, Barbara Galland, Christopher John Robertson, Andrew Gray, Mauro Farella
OBJECTIVE: To test the short-term effectiveness of a mandibular advancement splint (MAS) for the management of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) in children. METHODS: Eighteen SDB children were enrolled in a crossover randomized clinical trial and assigned to a treatment sequence starting either with an Active or a Sham MAS. Each appliance was worn for three weeks and treatment periods were separated by a two-week washout. Home-based polysomnographic data were collected before and after each treatment period...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Dentistry
Philip Home, Karl-Michael Derwahl, Monika Ziemen, Karin Wernicke-Panten, Suzanne Pierre, Yvonne Kirchhein, Satish K Garg
BACKGROUND: SAR342434 (SAR-Lis) is a biosimilar (follow-on) of insulin lispro (Humalog® ; Ly-Lis). Two randomized, controlled, open-label, parallel-group, phase 3 studies were conducted to compare the efficacy and safety of SAR-Lis and Ly-Lis, both in combination with insulin glargine (Lantus® ). SORELLA 1 was a 12-month study in 507 people with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM); SORELLA 2 was a 6-month study in 505 people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). In this study, the impact of anti-insulin antibodies (AIA) to SAR-Lis and Ly-Lis on safety and glycemic control is reported...
February 2018: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
Brunella Iovane, Antonina Marta Cangelosi, Ilaria Bonaccini, Carla Mastrorilli, Dora Di Mauro, Valentina Fainardi, Giovanni Chiari, Marilena Maltese, Carlo Caffarelli, Maurizio Vanelli
AIM: To analyze the effectiveness of a tailored medical support to help children from ethnic minorities to achieve the same good metabolic control of autochthonous peers with type-1 diabetes (T1D). METHODS: Children <10 years of age belonging to ethnic minority (EM) families (Group 1) were compared with autochthonous peers (Group 2) who received the diagnosis of T1D in 2014-2016. The Protocol for minorities included other than the standard protocol: booklets translated in ethnic minority languages; weekly visits at home or at school; family-guides; clinic visits supported by professional interpreters...
January 16, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Ellen Behrend, Amy Holford, Patty Lathan, Renee Rucinsky, Rhonda Schulman
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a common disease encountered in canine and feline medicine. The 2018 AAHA Diabetes Management Guidelines for Dogs and Cats revise and update earlier guidelines published in 2010. The 2018 guidelines retain much of the information in the earlier guidelines that continues to be applicable in clinical practice, along with new information that represents current expert opinion on controlling DM. An essential aspect of successful DM management is to ensure that the owner of a diabetic dog or cat is capable of administering insulin, recognizing the clinical signs of inadequately managed DM, and monitoring blood glucose levels at home, although this is ideal but not mandatory; all topics that are reviewed in the guidelines...
January 2018: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
Julie Dutton, Kelly McCaskill, Sarah Alton, Maria Levesley, Cath Hemingway, Lisa Farndon
Diabetes is a common long-term condition affecting many people many of whom require support with their insulin injections at home. These injections are often carried out by community nurses if individuals are unable to self-manage their condition. This paper describes a pilot project where health care support workers were trained to administer insulin at home for suitable patients. Four patients took part in the pilot study and two support workers were trained to give the insulin injections. The project was evaluated well by all those who took part...
January 2, 2018: British Journal of Community Nursing
Alexandra T Wade, Courtney R Davis, Kathryn A Dyer, Jonathan M Hodgson, Richard J Woodman, Hannah A D Keage, Karen J Murphy
BACKGROUND: The Mediterranean diet is characterised by the high consumption of extra virgin olive oil, fruits, vegetables, grains, legumes and nuts; moderate consumption of fish, poultry, eggs and dairy; and low consumption of red meat and sweets. Cross sectional, longitudinal and intervention studies indicate that a Mediterranean diet may be effective for the prevention of cardiovascular disease and dementia. However, previous research suggests that an Australian population may find red meat restrictions difficult, which could affect long term sustainability of the diet...
December 22, 2017: Nutrition Journal
F Boscari, S Galasso, A Facchinetti, M C Marescotti, V Vallone, A M L Amato, A Avogaro, D Bruttomesso
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: This study compared the accuracy of the FreeStyle Libre (Abbott, Alameda, CA) and Dexcom G4 Platinum (DG4P, Dexcom, San Diego, CA) CGM sensors. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-two adults with type 1 diabetes wore the two sensors simultaneously for 2 weeks. Libre was used according to manufacturer-specified lifetime (MSL); DG4P was used 7 days beyond MSL. At a clinical research center (CRC), subjects were randomized to receive the same breakfast with standard insulin bolus (standard) or a delayed and increased (delayed & increased) bolus to induce large glucose swings during weeks 1 and 2; venous glucose was checked every 5-15 min for 6 h...
February 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
Emma L Sweeney, Stewart Jeromson, D Lee Hamilton, Naomi E Brooks, Ian H Walshe
Sleep restriction is associated with impaired glucose metabolism and insulin resistance, however, the underlying mechanisms leading to this impairment are unknown. This study aimed to assess whether the decrease in insulin sensitivity observed after sleep restriction is accompanied by changes in skeletal muscle PKB activity. Ten healthy young males participated in this randomized crossover study which included two conditions separated by a 3-week washout period. Participants underwent two nights of habitual sleep (CON) and two nights of sleep which was restricted to 50% of habitual sleep duration (SR) in the home environment...
December 2017: Physiological Reports
Cristen P Page, Brian Fitzgerald, Emily M Hawes
Background: Primary care clinicians will see a higher incidence of type 2 diabetes in adult patients, and the diagnosis and management of an initial presentation of type 1 diabetes can pose challenges to clinicians who see it less frequently. Symptoms of hyperglycemia and risk of ketoacidosis may be missed. Further, endocrine autoimmune disease can run together in patients and families. Case presentation: A 49-year-old Caucasian female with history of pituitary adenoma and Graves' disease with history of thyroid ablation presented in the outpatient setting due to hand tingling of her right middle finger that was worse in the mornings and improved throughout the day...
2017: Clinical Diabetes and Endocrinology
Philip Home, Francoise Calvi-Gries, Lawrence Blonde, Valerie Pilorget, Joseph Berlingieri, Nick Freemantle
AIM: To identify factors associated with documented symptomatic and severe hypoglycaemia over 4 years in people with type 2 diabetes starting insulin therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CREDIT, a prospective international observational study, collected data over 4 years on people starting any insulin in 314 centres; 2729 and 2271 people had hypoglycaemia data during the last 6 months of years 1 and 4, respectively. Multivariable logistic regression was used to select the characteristics associated with documented symptomatic hypoglycaemia, and the model was tested against severe hypoglycaemia...
December 5, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"