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Leader effectiveness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676676/abusive-supervision-leader-member-exchange-and-moral-disengagement-a-moderated-mediation-model-of-organizational-deviance
#1
Matthew Valle, K Michele Kacmar, Suzanne Zivnuska, Troy Harting
This paper draws from social exchange theory and social cognitive theory to explore moral disengagement as a potential mediator of the relationship between abusive supervision and organizational deviance. We also explore the moderating effect of leader-member exchange (LMX) on this mediated relationship. Results indicate that employees with abusive supervisors engaged in moral disengagement strategies and subsequently in organizational deviance behaviors. Additionally, this relationship was stronger for those higher in LMX...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676448/together-i-can-joint-attention-boosts-3-to-4-year-olds-performance-in-a-verbal-false-belief-test
#2
Elia Psouni, Andreas Falck, Leni Boström, Martin Persson, Lisa Sidén, Maria Wallin
Effects of joint attention were addressed on 3- to 4-year-olds' performance in a verbal false-Belief Test (FBT), featuring the experimenter as co-watcher rather than narrator. In two experiments, children (N = 183) watched a filmed-FBT jointly with a test leader, disjointed from a test leader, or alone. Children attending jointly with a test leader were more likely to pass the FBT compared with normative data and to spontaneously recall information indicating false-belief understanding, suggesting that joint attention strengthens the plausibility of the FBT and renders plot-critical information more salient...
April 20, 2018: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676035/effect-of-mentoring-on-professional-values-in-model-c-clinical-nurse-leader-graduates
#3
Shena B Gazaway, Lori Anderson, Autumn Schumacher, Chris Alichnie
BACKGROUND: Nursing graduates acquire their nursing values by professional socialization. Mentoring is a crucial support mechanism for these novice nurses, yet little is known about the model C clinical nurse leader graduate and the effects of mentoring. AIM: This investigation examined how mentoring affected the development of professional nursing values in the model C clinical nurse leader graduate. METHODS: A longitudinal design was used to survey model C clinical nurse leader graduates before and after graduation to determine how different types of mentoring relationships influenced professional values...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666249/eif1-loop-2-interactions-with-met-trna-i-control-the-accuracy-of-start-codon-selection-by-the-scanning-preinitiation-complex
#4
Anil Thakur, Alan G Hinnebusch
The eukaryotic 43S preinitiation complex (PIC), bearing initiator methionyl transfer RNA (Met-tRNAi ) in a ternary complex (TC) with eukaryotic initiation factor 2 (eIF2)-GTP, scans the mRNA leader for an AUG codon in favorable context. AUG recognition evokes rearrangement from an open PIC conformation with TC in a "POUT " state to a closed conformation with TC more tightly bound in a "PIN " state. eIF1 binds to the 40S subunit and exerts a dual role of enhancing TC binding to the open PIC conformation while antagonizing the PIN state, necessitating eIF1 dissociation for start codon selection...
April 16, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662949/dealing-with-deans-and-academic-medical-center-leadership-advice-from-leaders
#5
Fred Sanfilippo, Deborah Powell, Robert Folberg, Mark Tykocinski
The 2017 Association of Pathology Chairs Annual Meeting included a session for department chairs and other department leaders on "how to deal with deans and academic medical center leadership." The session was focused on discussing ways to foster positive relationships with university, medical school, and health system leaders, and productively address issues and opportunities with them. Presentations and a panel discussion were provided by 4 former pathology chairs who subsequently have served as medical deans and in other leadership positions including university provost, medical center CEO, and health system board chair...
January 2018: Academic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661582/parents-preferences-for-interventions-to-improve-childhood-immunization-uptake-in-northern-nigeria
#6
Sachiko Ozawa, Mo Zhou, Chizoba Wonodi, Hui-Han Chen, John F P Bridges
BACKGROUND: Routine childhood immunization coverage has been low in northern Nigeria. While local authorities and international partners have been working hard to improve coverage, population preferences for interventions have not been documented. This study aimed to understand parents' preferences and identify possible interventions to improve uptake of childhood immunization. METHODS: Preferences for immunization interventions were elicited using a best-worst scaling (BWS) instrument among parents with children under five...
April 13, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661247/informing-implementation-of-quality-improvement-in-australian-primary-care
#7
Charlotte Hespe, Lucie Rychetnik, David Peiris, Mark Harris
BACKGROUND: Quality Improvement (QI) initiatives in primary care are effective at improving uptake of evidence based guidelines, but are difficult to implement and sustain. In Australia meso-level health organisations such as Primary health care Organisations (PHCO) offer new opportunities to implement area-wide QI programs. This study sought to identify enablers and barriers to implementation of an existing Australian QI program and to identify strategic directions that PHCOs can use in the ongoing development of QI in this environment...
April 16, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659943/cooperation-process-between-a-local-government-and-experts-in-official-voluntary-decontamination-of-environmental-radioactivity
#8
Takeshi Iimoto, Hirofumi Fujii, Seiichi Someya, Hajime Matsuzawa, Yukihide Yanagawa, Kiyoshi Kunii
Kashiwa city, inside the Tokyo metropolitan area and located ~200 km south of the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant, received a raised environmental ambient radiation dose due to the disaster relative to the rest of area. In this paper, the challenging process of the official voluntary decontamination activity in Kashiwa city, Chiba prefecture, which was carried out with strong cooperation between a local government and experts, is described and reviewed in terms of the effectiveness of the radiation protection...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659009/state-of-the-science-interprofessional-approaches-to-aging-dementia-and-mental-health
#9
Timothy W Farrell, Marilyn K Luptak, Katherine P Supiano, James T Pacala, Rosalind De Lisser
Interprofessional education (IPE) is essential to develop the healthcare workforce of the future. Geriatrics healthcare professionals have long championed innovations in IPE and patient care, but there is increased urgency to address challenges in aging, dementia, and geriatric mental health in America. In 2010, the Partnership for Health in Aging multidisciplinary competencies and a related position statement in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society addressed interdisciplinary team (IDT) training in geriatrics...
April 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658321/the-neurobiology-of-focus-and-distraction-the-case-for-incorporating-mindfulness-into-leadership
#10
Paul Mohapel
Increasingly health leaders are experiencing greater demands and pressures, which require the need for better focus while limiting unwarranted distractions. This article offers a neurobiological explanation of how the brain focuses and becomes distracted, in order to help health leaders gain insight into their own effectiveness. Two main neural circuits are contrasted: the mind-wandering default mode circuit and the attentional central executive system. These two systems act in an antagonistic pairing, where the degree of toggling between systems is associated with the degree a person can sustain focus and filter out unwarranted distractions...
January 1, 2018: Healthcare Management Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656384/supporting-mentoring-relationships-of-youth-in-foster-care-do-program-practices-predict-match-length
#11
Rebecca L Stelter, Janis B Kupersmidt, Kathryn N Stump
Implementation of research- and safety-based program practices enhance the longevity of mentoring relationships, in general; however, little is known about how mentoring programs might support the relationships of mentees in foster care. Benchmark program practices and Standards in the Elements of Effective Practice for Mentoring, 3rd Edition (MENTOR, 2009) were assessed in the current study as predictors of match longevity. Secondary data analyses were conducted on a national agency information management database from 216 Big Brothers Big Sisters agencies serving 641 youth in foster care and 70,067 youth not in care from across the United States (Mean = 11...
April 15, 2018: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650207/the-effect-of-a-community-based-spiritual-life-review-program-on-indonesian-elders-resilience
#12
Budi Satria, Sang-Arun Isaramalai, Patcharee Komjakraphan
OBJECTIVE: This quasi-experimental, pre-/post-test study aimed to examine the effect of a community-based spiritual life review program on the resilience of elders residing in a disaster-prone area. METHOD: Fifty-two participants who met the inclusion criteria were recruited from three villages in the Kutaraja sub-district in Banda Aceh, Indonesia. The participants were randomly assigned to an experimental group and a control group. The participants' names were listed and then randomly selected by a random number generator...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650174/improving-the-interpersonal-competences-of-head-nurses-through-peplau-s-theoretical-active-learning-approach
#13
Suhariyanto, Rr Tutik Sri Hariyati, Titin Ungsianik
BACKGROUND: Effective interpersonal skills are essential for head nurses in governing and managing their work units. Therefore, an active learning strategy could be the key to enhance the interpersonal competences of head nurses. PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the effects of Peplau's theoretical approach of active learning on the improvement of head nurses' interpersonal skills. METHOD: This study used a pre-experimental design with one group having pretests and posttests, without control group...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649317/-i-could-not-join-because-i-had-to-work-for-pay-a-qualitative-evaluation-of-falciparum-malaria-pro-active-case-detection-in-three-rural-cambodian-villages
#14
Pierluigi Taffon, Gabriele Rossi, Jean-Marie Kindermans, Rafael Van den Bergh, Chea Nguon, Mark Debackere, Lieven Vernaeve, Martin De Smet, Emilie Venables
BACKGROUND: Pro-active case detection (Pro-ACD), in the form of voluntary screening and treatment (VSAT) following community mobilisation about 'asymptomatic malaria', is currently being evaluated as a tool for Plasmodium falciparum elimination in Preah Vihear Province, Cambodia. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted to explore community understanding, perceptions, expectations and acceptability of the Pro-ACD intervention in order to identify aspects that could be improved in future Pro-ACD activities...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643162/what-attributions-do-australian-high-performing-general-practices-make-for-their-success-applying-the-clinical-microsystems-framework-a-qualitative-study
#15
Annette H Dunham, James A Dunbar, Julie K Johnson, Jeff Fuller, Mark Morgan, Dale Ford
OBJECTIVES: To identify the success attributions of high-performing Australian general practices and the enablers and barriers they envisage for practices wishing to emulate them. DESIGN: Qualitative study using semi-structured interviews and content analysis of the data. Responses were recorded, transcribed verbatim and coded according to success characteristics of high-performing clinical microsystems. SETTING: Primary healthcare with the participating general practices representing all Australian states and territories, and representing metropolitan and rural locations...
April 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643121/fast-in-the-deployed-military-setting
#16
Nicholas James Carter, D Gay
INTRODUCTION: Focused assessment with sonography in trauma (FAST) is historically an effective method of assessing the patient in the trauma bay in order to aid decision-making and optimise patient outcomes. However, in the UK civilian practice, the use of FAST may decline given a recent change in National Institute for Health and Care Excellence guidance as a result of improvement in CT availability and resuscitation techniques. METHOD: In the Role 3 Medical Treatment Facility, Camp Bastion, 187 patients with trauma who received FAST in the trauma bay in 2014 were reviewed to determine the accuracy of FAST in the deployed environment...
April 10, 2018: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628673/the-case-based-learning-conference-model-at-emindia2017-a-novel-implementation-of-problem-based-educational-paradigm
#17
Vivek Chauhan, Sagar Galwankar, Stanislaw P Stawicki, Naman Agrawal, S Vimal Krishnan, Sanjeev Bhoi, Tej Prakash Sinha, Praveen Aggarwal
INDUSEM was established as an INDO-US Satellite Knowledge Network in 2005. It brought together the academic leaders and innovators from India and the US with the goal of creating collaborative synergies and creative solutions to advance the knowledge and science of emergency medicine (EM) in India. Since 2005, the leadership of INDUSEM devoted substantial resources, effort, and expertise to ensure that newly implemented clinical institutes and training programs have the necessary resources and logistical support to effectively advance EM and Traumatology Sciences in India...
January 2018: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627748/the-social-integration-of-healthcare-agency-workers-in-long-term-care-facilities-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Marie-Ève Lapalme, Olivier Doucet
BACKGROUND: Patient care quality is a key concern for long-term care facilities and is directly related to effective collaboration between healthcare professionals. The use of agency staff in long-term care facilities creates important challenges in terms of coordination and communication within work units. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to assess the mediating effect of common in-group identity in the relationship between permanent employees' perceptions regarding the use of agency workers -namely distributive justice, perceptions of threat, perceived similarities with agency workers, and leader inclusiveness toward agency staff- and the permanent employees' adoption of collaborative behaviours...
March 17, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627109/myocardial-infarction-subtypes-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-the-effect-of-liraglutide-therapy-from-the-leader-trial
#19
Steven P Marso, Michael A Nauck, Tea Monk Fries, Søren Rasmussen, Marianne Bach Treppendahl, John B Buse
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a known risk factor for myocardial infarction (MI); however, data regarding MI subtypes in people with diabetes are limited. In the Liraglutide Effect and Action in Diabetes: Evaluation of Cardiovascular Outcome Results (LEADER) trial (n = 9,340), liraglutide significantly reduced the risk of major adverse cardiovascular (CV) events (composite of CV death, nonfatal MI, or nonfatal stroke) versus placebo in patients with type 2 DM and high CV risk. Liraglutide also reduced risk of first MI (292 events with liraglutide vs 339 with placebo)...
March 15, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625708/is-video-observation-as-effective-as-live-observation-in-improving-teamwork-in-the-operating-room
#20
Anthony H Bui, Shanice Guerrier, David L Feldman, Patricia Kischak, Santosh Mudiraj, Donna Somerville, Minimole Shebeen, Cynthia Girdusky, I Michael Leitman
BACKGROUND: Teamwork in the operating room decreases the risk of preventable patient harm. Observation in the operating room allows for evaluation of compliance with best-practice surgical guidelines. This study examines the relative ability of video and live observation to promote operating room teamwork. METHODS: Video and audio cameras were installed in 2014 into all operating rooms at an 875-bed, urban teaching hospital. Recordings were chosen at random for review by an internal quality improvement team...
April 3, 2018: Surgery
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