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Leader effectiveness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214098/is-perceived-athlete-leadership-quality-related-to-team-effectiveness-a-comparison-of-three-professional-sports-teams
#1
Katrien Fransen, S Alexander Haslam, Clifford J Mallett, Niklas K Steffens, Kim Peters, Filip Boen
OBJECTIVES: Researchers have argued that leadership is one of the most important determinants of team effectiveness. The present study examined the extent to which the perceived quality of athlete leadership was related to the effectiveness of elite sports teams. DESIGN: Three professional football teams (N=135) participated in our study during the preparation phase for the Australian 2016 season. METHODS: Players and coaching staff were asked to assess players' leadership quality in four leadership roles (as task, motivational, social, and external leader) via an online survey...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214093/educating-religious-leaders-to-promote-uptake-of-male-circumcision-in-tanzania-a-cluster-randomised-trial
#2
Jennifer A Downs, Agrey H Mwakisole, Alphonce B Chandika, Shibide Lugoba, Rehema Kassim, Evarist Laizer, Kinanga A Magambo, Myung Hee Lee, Samuel E Kalluvya, David J Downs, Daniel W Fitzgerald
BACKGROUND: Male circumcision is being widely deployed as an HIV prevention strategy in countries with high HIV incidence, but its uptake in sub-Saharan Africa has been below targets. We did a study to establish whether educating religious leaders about male circumcision would increase uptake in their village. METHODS: In this cluster randomised trial in northwest Tanzania, eligible villages were paired by proximity (<60 km) and the time that a free male circumcision outreach campaign from the Tanzanian Ministry of Health became available in their village...
February 14, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213047/the-effect-of-combined-aspirin-and-clopidogrel-treatment-on-cancer-incidence
#3
Avi Leader, Ravit Zelikson-Saporta, David Pereg, Galia Spectre, Uri Rozovski, Pia Raanani, Doron Hermoni, Michael Lishner
BACKGROUND: Multiple studies have shown an association between aspirin treatment and a reduction in newly diagnosed cancer. Conversely, there are conflicting clinical and laboratory data regarding the effect of combined clopidogrel and aspirin therapy on cancer incidence, including analyses suggesting an increased cancer risk. No large scale cohort study has been performed to address this issue in a heterogeneous real-world scenario. We investigated the effect of clopidogrel and aspirin on cancer incidence compared to aspirin alone and no antiplatelet therapy...
February 14, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212606/the-implementation-of-health-promotion-in-primary-and-community-care-a-qualitative-analysis-of-the-prescribe-vida-saludable-strategy
#4
Catalina Martinez, Gonzalo Bacigalupe, Josep M Cortada, Gonzalo Grandes, Alvaro Sanchez, Haizea Pombo, Paola Bully
BACKGROUND: The impact of lifestyle on health is undeniable and effective healthy lifestyle promotion interventions do exist. However, this is not a fundamental part of routine primary care clinical practice. We describe factors that determine changes in performance of primary health care centers involved in piloting the health promotion innovation 'Prescribe Vida Saludable' (PVS) phase II. METHODS: We engaged four primary health care centers of the Basque Healthcare Service in an action research project aimed at changing preventive health practices...
February 17, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210339/anger-management-evaluation-of-a-cognitive-behavioral-training-program-for-table-tennis-players
#5
Georges Steffgen
Based on a systematic review of the literature on anger and anger management in sport, there is evidence that anger might be dysfunctional, especially in sports requiring selective attention and fine-tuned motor skills. The research literature suggests that cognitive-behavioral intervention programs can be fruitful in helping athletes to understand and control dysfunctional anger. Therefore, the main goal of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a brief training program for table tennis players in cognitive-behavioral anger management that aimed at changing their noneffective anger reactions...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210231/effects-of-agent-environment-symmetry-on-the-coordination-dynamics-of-triadic-jumping
#6
Akifumi Kijima, Hiroyuki Shima, Motoki Okumura, Yuji Yamamoto, Michael J Richardson
We investigated whether the patterns of coordination that emerged during a three-participant (triadic) jumping task were defined by the symmetries of the (multi) agent-environment task space. Triads were instructed to jump around different geometrical arrangements of hoops. The symmetry of the hoop geometry was manipulated to create two symmetrical and two asymmetrical participant-hoop configurations. Video and motion tracking recordings were employed to determine the frequencies of coordination misses (collisions or failed jumps) and during 20 successful jump sequences, the jump direction chosen (clockwise vs...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202181/leader-follower-h%C3%A2-consensus-of-linear-multi-agent-systems-with-aperiodic-sampling-and-switching-connected-topologies
#7
Dan Zhang, Zhenhua Xu, Qing-Guo Wang, Yun-Bo Zhao
This paper is concerned with the distributed H∞ consensus of leader-follower multi-agent systems with aperiodic sampling interval and switching topologies. Under the assumption that the sampling period takes values from a given set, a new discrete-time model is proposed for the tracking error system. For the multi-agent systems with time-varying sampling period, switching topologies and external disturbance, the considered tracking problem is converted to a robust H∞ control problem. With help of the Lyapunov stability theory, a sufficient condition for the existence of mode-dependent controller is established and it guarantees the exponential stability of tracking error system and a prescribed H∞ disturbance attenuation level...
February 12, 2017: ISA Transactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201917/parallel-tempering-monte-carlo-combined-with-clustering-euclidean-metric-analysis-to-study-the-thermodynamic-stability-of-lennard-jones-nanoclusters
#8
Henrique M Cezar, Gustavo G Rondina, Juarez L F Da Silva
A basic requirement for an atom-level understanding of nanoclusters is the knowledge of their atomic structure. This understanding is incomplete if it does not take into account temperature effects, which play a crucial role in phase transitions and changes in the overall stability of the particles. Finite size particles present intricate potential energy surfaces, and rigorous descriptions of temperature effects are best achieved by exploiting extended ensemble algorithms, such as the Parallel Tempering Monte Carlo (PTMC)...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199267/organizational-and-community-factors-associated-with-magnet-status-of-u-s-hospitals
#9
Teresa Wai Chi Tai, Sherry I Bame
The Magnet Recognition Program for healthcare organizations promotes excellence in nursing services and professional practices. However, organizational and community characteristics that contribute to the adoption of Magnet status remain unexplained. Investigating organizational and community factors will help determine systematic structural and contextual dimensions of Magnet hospitals previously shown to be more cost-effective in comparison with non-Magnet hospitals. Using the baseline 2005 database of all Magnet hospitals in the United States, the authors selected a matched sample to determine key organizational and community characteristics associated with Magnet adoption while controlling for regional and local factors...
January 2017: Journal of Healthcare Management / American College of Healthcare Executives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198954/intimate-partner-violence-among-speaking-immigrant-adult-portuguese-women-in-canada
#10
Rafaella Queiroga Souto, Sepali Guruge, Miriam Aparecida Barbosa Merighi, Maria Cristina Pinto de Jesus, Shaindel Egit, Linda Knowles
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to understand the experiences of intimate partner violence among women from Portuguese-speaking countries living in the Greater Toronto Area. METHOD: A social phenomenological study was conducted with ten Portuguese-speaking women who had experienced intimate partner violence who were selected by community centre leaders. The interviews were transcribed, translated and analysed by categories. RESULTS: The consequences of violence included health problems, effects on children, and negative feelings among the victims...
November 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198763/impact-of-role-stressors-on-the-health-of-nurse-managers-a-western-canadian-context
#11
Sonia A Udod, Greta Cummings, W Dean Care, Megan Jenkins
OBJECTIVE: A qualitative exploratory inquiry was used to understand nurse managers' (NMs') perceptions of their role stressors, coping strategies, and self-health related outcomes as a result of frequent exposure to stressful situations in their role. BACKGROUND: Strong nursing leadership is required for desirable staff, patient, and organizational outcomes. A stressed NM will negatively influence staff nurse satisfaction and retention, patient outcomes, and organizational performance...
March 2017: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195021/the-role-of-school-principals-in-shaping-children-s-values
#12
Yair Berson, Shaul Oreg
Instilling values in children is among the cornerstones of every society. There is wide agreement that beyond academic teaching, schools play an important role in shaping schoolchildren's character, imparting in them values such as curiosity, achievement, benevolence, and citizenship. Despite the importance of this topic, we know very little about whether and how schools affect children's values. In this large-scale longitudinal study, we examined school principals' roles in the development of children's values...
December 2016: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193277/anti-tumor-effects-of-a-recombinant-anti-prostate-specific-membrane-antigen-immunotoxin-against-prostate-cancer-cells
#13
Ping Meng, Qing-Chuan Dong, Guang-Guo Tan, Wei-Hong Wen, He Wang, Geng Zhang, Yan-Zhu Wang, Yu-Ming Jing, Chen Wang, Wei-Jun Qin, Jian-Lin Yuan
BACKGROUND: To evaluate anti-prostate cancer effects of a chimeric tumor-targeted killer protein. METHODS: We established a novel fusion gene, immunocasp-3, composed of NH2-terminal leader sequence fused with an anti-prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) antibody (J591), the furin cleavage sequences of diphtheria toxin (Fdt), and the reverse coding sequences of the large and small subunits of caspase-3 (revcaspase-3). The expressing level of the immunocasp-3 gene was evaluated by using the reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) and western blot analysis...
February 13, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190507/best-practices-in-early-phase-medical-device-development-engineering-prototyping-and-the-beginnings-of-a-quality-management-system
#14
Kristy Fearis, Aidan Petrie
Kristy Fearis is the founder and president of KPConsulting. She has held various positions in the medical device and research industry. She has led programs for medical industry leaders Medtronic, Edward Lifesciences, and Kimberly-Clark Healthcare to develop and commercialize Class II and III devices. Although a true quality management systems specialist at heart, Kristy has a passion for effectively and efficiently applying quality systems principles to early stage development to maximize benefit while minimizing impact on resources and time to market...
March 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186196/three-dimensional-collagen-matrix-induces-a-mechanosensitive-invasive-epithelial-phenotype
#15
Shawn P Carey, Karen E Martin, Cynthia A Reinhart-King
A critical step in breast cancer progression is local tissue invasion, during which cells pass from the epithelial compartment to the stromal compartment. We recently showed that malignant leader cells can promote the invasion of otherwise non-invasive epithelial follower cells, but the effects of this induced-invasion phenomenon on follower cell phenotype remain unclear. Notably, this process can expose epithelial cells to the stromal extracellular matrix (ECM), which is distinct from the ECM within the normal epithelial microenvironment...
February 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182329/perceived-compliance-and-barriers-to-care-in-sublingual-immunotherapy
#16
Manvinder S Kumar, Melissa S Oh, Brittany Leader, Melissa Rotella, Leisa Stillman, John M DelGaudio, Sarah K Wise
BACKGROUND: For allergy immunotherapy to be effective, patient compliance is critical. However, aqueous sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) may be considered demanding for patients, requiring strict daily dosing and refilling of medication at regular intervals. In this study we sought to determine how patients perceive their own compliance with SLIT and identify barriers that may hinder compliance. METHODS: Using a retrospective review, 46 patients currently undergoing aqueous SLIT were identified to have less-than-excellent compliance based on frequency of clinic visits for SLIT refills...
February 9, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177549/factors-relating-to-professional-self-concept-among-nurse-managers
#17
Filiz Kantek, Belkıs Şimşek
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: his study aims to investigate the self concept in nurse managers in Turkey and the effects of certain variables on professional self concept. BACKGROUND: Professional self concept plays a significant role in improving certain professional behaviors. Nursing managers have the potential to influence other members of the profession with their attitudes and behaviors. DESIGN: The study was designed as a cross-sectional descriptive study...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177114/implementation-of-a-mentored-professional-development-programme-in-laboratory-leadership-and-management-in-the-middle-east-and-north-africa
#18
L A Perrone, D Confer, E Scott, L Livingston, C Bradburn, A McGee, T Furtwangler, A Downer, A H Mokdad, J F Flandin, S Shotorbani, H Asghar, H E Tolbah, H J Ahmed, A Alwan, R Martin
Laboratories need leaders who can effectively utilize the laboratories' resources, maximize the laboratories'capacity to detect disease, and advocate for laboratories in a fluctuating health care environment. To address this need, the University of Washington, USA, created the Certificate Program in Laboratory Leadership and Management in partnership with WHO Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean, and implemented it with 17 participants and 11 mentors from clinical and public health laboratories in 10 countries (Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and Yemen) in 2014...
February 1, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173888/current-state-of-antimicrobial-stewardship-in-children-s-hospital-emergency-departments
#19
Rakesh D Mistry, Jason G Newland, Jeffrey S Gerber, Adam L Hersh, Larissa May, Sarah M Perman, Nathan Kuppermann, Peter S Dayan
BACKGROUND Antimicrobial stewardship programs (ASPs) effectively optimize antibiotic use for inpatients; however, the extent of emergency department (ED) involvement in ASPs has not been described. OBJECTIVE To determine current ED involvement in children's hospital ASPs and to assess beliefs and preferred methods of implementation for ED-based ASPs. METHODS A cross-sectional survey of 37 children's hospitals participating in the Sharing Antimicrobial Resistance Practices collaboration was conducted. Surveys were distributed to ASP leaders and ED medical directors at each institution...
February 8, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173827/integrated-solutions-for-sustainable-fall-prevention-in-primary-care-the-isolve-project-a-type-2-hybrid-effectiveness-implementation-design
#20
Lindy Clemson, Lynette Mackenzie, Chris Roberts, Roslyn Poulos, Amy Tan, Meryl Lovarini, Cathie Sherrington, Judy M Simpson, Karen Willis, Mary Lam, Anne Tiedemann, Dimity Pond, David Peiris, Sarah Hilmer, Sabrina Winona Pit, Kirsten Howard, Lorraine Lovitt, Fiona White
BACKGROUND: Despite strong evidence giving guidance for effective fall prevention interventions in community-residing older people, there is currently no clear model for engaging general medical practitioners in fall prevention and routine use of allied health professionals in fall prevention has been slow, limiting widespread dissemination. This protocol paper outlines an implementation-effectiveness study of the Integrated Solutions for Sustainable Fall Prevention (iSOLVE) intervention which has developed integrated processes and pathways to identify older people at risk of falls and engage a whole of primary care approach to fall prevention...
February 7, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
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