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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053640/enhancing-resources-at-the-workplace-with-health-promoting-leadership
#1
Paul Jiménez, Anita Bregenzer, K Wolfgang Kallus, Bianca Fruhwirth, Verena Wagner-Hartl
Leaders engaging in health-promoting leadership can influence their employees' health directly by showing health awareness or indirectly by changing working conditions. With health-promoting leadership, leaders are able to support a healthy working environment by providing resource-oriented working conditions for their employees to support their health. Changing working conditions in a health-supportive way can prevent possible negative consequences from critical working conditions (e.g., burnout risk). The present study examined the relationship between health-promoting leadership and the employees' resources, stress and burnout...
October 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053463/cooperative-fault-tolerant-tracking-control-for-multiagent-systems-an-intermediate-estimator-based-approach
#2
Jun-Wei Zhu, Guang-Hong Yang, Wen-An Zhang, Li Yu
This paper studies the observer based fault tolerant tracking control problem for linear multiagent systems with multiple faults and mismatched disturbances. A novel distributed intermediate estimator based fault tolerant tracking protocol is presented. The leader's input is nonzero and unavailable to the followers. By applying a projection technique, the mismatched disturbances are separated into matched and unmatched components. For each node, a tracking error system is established, for which an intermediate estimator driven by the relative output measurements is constructed to estimate the sensor faults and a combined signal of the leader's input, process faults, and matched disturbance component...
October 17, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050506/comparing-strategies-for-health-information-dissemination-messengers-that-can-help-or-hinder
#3
Jessica Fishman, Patricia Greenberg, Margy Barbieri Bagga, David Casarett, Kathleen Propert
PURPOSE: To test the effects of different messengers on the dissemination of health information. DESIGN: An experimental study exposed participants to 12 news articles pertaining to 1 of 3 health topics framed from the perspective of 4 generic messengers: religious figures, doctors, celebrity patients, or ordinary patients. Participants select as many of the 12 articles as desired. SETTING: A cancer clinic within a large, urban hospital serving a sociodemographically diverse patient population...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049158/advanced-nursing-education-critical-factors-that-influence-diploma-and-associate-degree-nurses-to-advance
#4
Rose Lavine McGhie-Anderson
AIM: The purpose of this study was to gain an understanding of the social processes associated with the decision of diploma and associate degree nurses to advance academically. BACKGROUND: Advanced nursing education needs to be pursued along the continuum of the nursing career path. This education process is indispensable to the role of nurses as educator, manager, nurse leader, and researcher who will effect policy changes, assume leadership roles as revolutionary thinkers, and implement paradigmatic shifts...
November 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047445/transport-and-public-health-in-china-the-road-to-a-healthy-future
#5
REVIEW
Baoguo Jiang, Song Liang, Zhong-Ren Peng, Haozhe Cong, Morgan Levy, Qu Cheng, Tianbing Wang, Justin V Remais
Transportation-related risk factors are a major source of morbidity and mortality in China, where the expansion of road networks and surges in personal vehicle ownership are having profound effects on public health. Road traffic injuries and fatalities have increased alongside increased use of motorised transport in China, and accident injury risk is aggravated by inadequate emergency response systems and trauma care. National air quality standards and emission control technologies are having a positive effect on air quality, but persistent air pollution is increasingly attributable to a growing and outdated vehicle fleet and to famously congested roads...
October 14, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045609/stakeholder-perspectives-on-the-optimizing-patient-transfers-impacting-medical-quality-and-improving-symptoms-transforming-institutional-care-optimistic-project
#6
Mary Ersek, Susan E Hickman, Anne C Thomas, Brittany Bernard, Kathleen T Unroe, Suzanne Meeks
Background and Objectives: The need to reduce burdensome and costly hospitalizations of frail nursing home residents is well documented. The Optimizing Patient Transfers, Impacting Medical Quality, and Improving Symptoms: Transforming Institutional Care (OPTIMISTIC) project achieved this reduction through a multicomponent collaborative care model. We conducted an implementation-focused project evaluation to describe stakeholders' perspectives on (a) the most and least effective components of the intervention; (b) barriers to implementation; and (c) program features that promoted its adoption...
October 17, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045308/thirty-days-only-double-antiplatelet-therapy-after-drug-eluting-stenting-could-a-short-term-treatment-be-advantageous
#7
Gianni Casella, Elvira Resciniti, Pamela Gallo
: The duration of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) after coronary stenting has been evaluated in randomized studies with apparently conflicting results. Prolonged DAPT reduces late stent thrombosis and myocardial infarction, but at the expenses of more hemorrhages. On the contrary, bleedings are associated with higher morbidity and mortality. Thus, in patients at high risk of bleeding, the less effective bare-metal stents could be preferred to drug-eluting stents (DES) due to the shortened DAPT needed. However, new DES technology carries a lower risk of stent thrombosis and casts doubts on the recommended prolonged DAPT regimen after DES...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037575/using-best-worst-scaling-to-rank-factors-affecting-vaccination-demand-in-northern-nigeria
#8
Sachiko Ozawa, Chizoba Wonodi, Olufemi Babalola, Tukur Ismail, John Bridges
BACKGROUND: Understanding and ranking the reasons for low vaccination uptake among parents in northern Nigeria is critical to implement effective policies to save lives and prevent illnesses. This study applies best-worst scaling (BWS) to rank various factors affecting parents' demand for routine childhood immunization. METHODS: We conducted a household survey in Nahuche, Zamfara State in northern Nigeria. Nearly two hundred parents with children under age five were asked about their views on 16 factors using a BWS technique...
October 13, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037150/genome-wide-trait-trait-dynamics-correlation-study-dissects-the-gene-regulation-pattern-in-maize-kernels
#9
Xiuqin Xu, Min Wang, Lianbo Li, Ronghui Che, Peng Li, Laming Pei, Hui Li
BACKGROUND: Dissecting the genetic basis and regulatory mechanisms for the biosynthesis and accumulation of nutrients in maize could lead to the improved nutritional quality of this crop. Gene expression is regulated at the genomic, transcriptional, and post-transcriptional levels, all of which can produce diversity among traits. However, the expression of most genes connected with a particular trait usually does not have a direct association with the variation of that trait. In addition, expression profiles of genes involved in a single pathway may vary as the intrinsic cellular state changes...
October 16, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037108/a-workplace-intervention-program-and-the-increase-in-hiv-knowledge-perceived-accessibility-and-use-of-condoms-among-young-factory-workers-in-thailand
#10
Aphichat Chamratrithirong, Kathleen Ford, Sureeporn Punpuing, Pramote Prasartkul
Vulnerability to Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection among factory workers is a global problem. This study investigated the effectiveness of an intervention to increase AIDS knowledge, perceived accessibility to condoms and condom use among young factory workers in Thailand. The intervention was a workplace program designed to engage the private sector in HIV prevention. A cross-sectional survey conducted in 2008 to measure program outcomes in factories in Thailand was used in this study. The workplace intervention included the development of policies for management of HIV-positive employees, training sessions for managers and workers, and distribution of educational materials and condoms...
December 2017: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036853/smooth-leader-or-sharp-follower-playing-the-mirror-game-with-a-robot
#11
Shir Kashi, Shelly Levy-Tzedek
BACKGROUND: The increasing number of opportunities for human-robot interactions in various settings, from industry through home use to rehabilitation, creates a need to understand how to best personalize human-robot interactions to fit both the user and the task at hand. In the current experiment, we explored a human-robot collaborative task of joint movement, in the context of an interactive game. OBJECTIVE: We set out to test people's preferences when interacting with a robotic arm, playing a leader-follower imitation game (the mirror game)...
October 9, 2017: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034828/professional-expertise-amongst-speech-language-therapists-willing-to-share
#12
Bianca N Jackson, Suzanne Carolyn Purdy, Helena Cooper-Thomas
Purpose The current healthcare environment provides several challenges to the existing roles of healthcare professionals. The value of the professional expert is also under scrutiny. The purpose of this paper is to generate a construction of professional expertise amongst practitioners in the current healthcare environment. It used the speech-language therapy community in New Zealand (NZ) as an example. Design/methodology/approach Speech-language therapists currently practicing in NZ completed an online survey including qualitative and quantitative components...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028282/characteristics-of-quality-improvement-champions-in-nursing-homes-a-systematic-review-with-implications-for-evidence-based-practice
#13
Kyungmi Woo, Gvira Milworm, Dawn Dowding
BACKGROUND: Improving care quality while reducing cost has always been a focus of nursing homes. Certified nursing assistants comprise the largest proportion of the workforce in nursing homes and have the potential to contribute to the quality of care provided. Quality improvement (QI) initiatives using certified nursing assistants as champions have the potential to improve job satisfaction, which has been associated with care quality. AIMS: To identify the role, use and preparation of champions in a nursing home setting as a way of informing future QI strategies in nursing homes...
October 13, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026404/investigation-of-the-relationship-between-structural-empowerment-and-organizational-commitment-of-nurses-in-zanjan-hospitals
#14
Fereidoun Eskandari, Soheila Rabie Siahkali, Alireza Shoghli, Mehrnoosh Pazargadi, Mansoreh Zaghari Tafreshi
BACKGROUND: The demanding nature of nursing work environments signals longstanding and growing concerns about nurses' health and job satisfaction and the provision of quality care. Specifically in health care settings, nurse leaders play an essential role in creating supportive work environments to avert these negative trends and increase nurse job satisfaction. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between structural empowerment and organizational commitment of nurses...
March 2017: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025847/exploring-the-role-of-the-nurse-manager-in-supporting-point-of-care-nurses-adoption-of-electronic-health-records-protocol-for-a-qualitative-research-study
#15
Gillian Strudwick, Richard G Booth, Ragnhildur I Bjarnadottir, Sarah Collins, Rani Srivastava
INTRODUCTION: An increasing number of electronic health record (EHR) systems have been implemented in clinical practice environments where nurses work. Findings from previous studies have found that a number of intended benefits of the technology have not yet been realised to date, partially due to poor system adoption among health professionals such as nurses. Previous studies have suggested that nurse managers can support the effective adoption and use of the technology by nurses. However, no known studies have identified what role nurse managers have in supporting technology adoption, nor the specific strategies that managers can employ to support their staff...
October 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024362/the-impact-of-entrepreneurial-leadership-on-nurses-innovation-behavior
#16
Afsaneh Bagheri, Morteza Akbari
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of entrepreneurial leadership on nurses' innovation work behavior and its dimensions. DESIGN AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study employed the 10-item Innovation Work Behavior Questionnaire and the 8-item Entrepreneurial Leadership Questionnaire to explore the impact of entrepreneurial leadership on the innovation work behavior of 273 nurses from public and private hospitals in Iran. FINDINGS: Entrepreneurial leadership had a significant positive impact on nurses' innovation work behavior and most strongly improved idea exploration, followed by idea generation, idea implementation, and idea championing...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019720/sustainability-and-transformation-plans-translating-the-perspectives
#17
Sonali V Thakrar, Diane Bell
Each local health economy has been tasked with producing a sustainability and transformation plan. A health economy is a system that controls and contributes to health-care resource and the effects of health services on its population. This includes commissioners, acute providers, primary care providers, community services, public health and the voluntary sector. Sustainability and transformation plans represent a shift in the way health care is planned for in England. The aim of each sustainability and transformation plan is to deliver care within existing resource limits by improving quality of care, developing new models of care and improving efficiency of care provision...
October 2, 2017: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019525/the-practice-of-reporting-adverse-events-in-a-teaching-hospital
#18
Andréia Guerra Siman, Simone Graziele Silva Cunha, Maria José Menezes Brito
OBJECTIVE: Understanding the practice of reporting adverse events by health professionals. METHOD: A qualitative case study carried out in a teaching hospital with participants of the Patient Safety Center and the nursing team. The collection took place from May to December 2015, and was conducted through interviews, observation and documentary research to treat the data using Content Analysis. RESULTS: 31 professionals participated in the study...
October 9, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017549/enhanced-hospital-based-learning-at-a-medical-school-through-application-of-management-principles-a-case-study
#19
Anna Kiessling, Martin Roll, Peter Henriksson
BACKGROUND: A hospital with all its brimming activity constitutes a unique learning environment for medical students. However, to organise high-quality education within this context is a task of great complexity. This paper describes a teaching hospital case, where management principles were applied to enhance the learning quality of medical education. METHODS: Traditional attempts from the faculty had been unsuccessful in improving learning among medical students at a teaching hospital...
October 10, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016516/barriers-to-effective-teamwork-relating-to-pediatric-resuscitations-perceptions-of-pediatric-emergency-medicine-staff
#20
Joshua M Sherman, Todd P Chang, Nurit Ziv, Alan L Nager
BACKGROUND: In the pediatric emergency department (PED), resuscitations require medical teams form ad hoc, rarely communicating beforehand. Literature has shown that the medical community has deficiencies in communication and teamwork. However, we as medical providers do not know or understand the perceived barriers of our colleagues. Physicians may perceive a barrier that is different from nurses, respiratory therapists, pharmacists, or technicians. Perhaps we do not know in which area of teamwork and communication we are deficient...
October 9, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
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