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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470381/the-business-ethics-and-quality-cases-for-consumer-engagement-in-nursing
#1
Susan Hassmiller, Ani Bilazarian
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to illustrate the quality, safety, cost-effectiveness, and ethics of consumer engagement initiatives and identify promising practices and leadership strategies used by nursing leaders. METHODS: A literature review was performed with supplementary interviews conducted with 25 key nursing informants including nursing executives and chief nursing officers at acute care hospitals, community health centers, policy institutions, and quality and safety organizations...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470166/what-drives-health-professionals-to-tweet-about-hpvvaccine-identifying-strategies-for-effective-communication
#2
Philip M Massey, Alex Budenz, Amy Leader, Kara Fisher, Ann C Klassen, Elad Yom-Tov
INTRODUCTION: We conducted this study to quantify how health professionals use Twitter to communicate about the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine. METHODS: We collected 193,379 tweets from August 2014 through July 2015 that contained key words related to HPV vaccine. We classified all tweets on the basis of user, audience, sentiment, content, and vaccine characteristic to examine 3 groups of tweets: 1) those sent by health professionals, 2) those intended for parents, and 3) those sent by health professionals and intended for parents...
February 22, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468718/nurses-turnover-intention-the-impact-of-leader-member-exchange-organizational-identification-and-job-embeddedness
#3
Decha Dechawatanapaisal
AIM: To examine the influence of three factors on turnover intention: leader-member exchange quality, organizational identification and job embeddedness. This area of inquiry has not been fully investigated in the literature. BACKGROUND: Employee turnover, particularly of professionals, becomes a very challenging issue. It continually affects organizations in terms of resourcing and developmental costs, manpower instability, day-to-day operations, perception of quality care and efficiency...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468571/leadership-perspectives-on-integrating-psychologists-into-specialty-care-clinics-an-evolving-paradigm
#4
Marwan Abouljoud, Michael Ryan, Anne Eshelman, Kelly Bryce, Michelle T Jesse
Integration of health psychologists into specialty care is a shift in the tertiary care construct that addresses all aspects of a patient's presentation, including psychiatric/social history, psychological well-being, and behavioral contributions to the disease process, assuring both optimal health outcomes and cost-effectiveness in a financially challenging healthcare environment. In this paper, we discuss leadership perspectives (physician and psychologists) on the factors involved in integrating a health psychologist into a busy tertiary care environment...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467702/are-leadership-fairness-psychological-distress-and-role-stressors-interrelated-a-two-wave-prospective-study-of-forward-and-reverse-relationships
#5
Morten B Nielsen, Jan O Christensen, Live B Finne, Stein Knardahl
While previous research has mainly considered leadership as an antecedent to psychological distress and role stressors (i.e., role ambiguity and role conflict) among subordinates, a reverse relationship where these variables influence reports of leadership is also possible. To determine the directionality of the associations this two-wave prospective study assesses bidirectional relationships between fair leadership and role stressors and examines whether psychological distress mediates the reciprocal associations between fair leadership and the role stressors...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467561/development-of-a-participatory-capacity-building-program-for-congregational-health-leaders-in-african-american-churches-in-the-us-south
#6
Mercedes M Morales-Alemán, Artisha Moore, Isabel C Scarinci
African Americans are disproportionately affected by diabetes and colorectal cancer. Although studies have shown the effectiveness of spiritually based health interventions delivered by community health workers to African Americans, few have described the development of the capacity-building component. This article describes this process. The development of the Healthy Congregations Healthy Communities Program (HCHC) was guided through a community-based participatory research lens and included: 1) establishment of a community coalition; 2) identification by coalition members of churches as the best venues for health promotion strategies among African Americans; 3) recruitment of churches; 4) development of a training manual; 5) recruitment and training of congregational health leaders (CHLs); and 6) "Passing of the torch" from the coalition to the CHLs who implemented the intervention in their congregations...
2018: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466469/erp-evidence-for-consumer-evaluation-of-copycat-brands
#7
Qian Shang, Guanxiong Pei, Jia Jin, Wuke Zhang, Yuran Wang, Xiaoyi Wang
Copycat brands mimic brand leaders to free ride on the latter's equity. However, little is known regarding if and how consumers confuse copycat as leading brand in purchasing. In this study, we applied a word-pair evaluation paradigm in which the first word was a brand name (copycat vs. normal brand both similar with a leading brand in category), followed by a product name (near vs. far from the leading brand's category). Behavioral results showed that, when the product is near the leader's category, the copycat strategy (CN) was more preferred compared to the normal brand (NN) but not different in the far product condition (CF and NF)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465252/increasing-uptake-of-comparative-effectiveness-and-patient-centered-outcomes-research-among-stakeholders-insights-from-conference-discussion
#8
Ernest Law, Rachel Harrington, G Caleb Alexander, Soumi Saha, Elisabeth Oehrlein, Eleanor M Perfetto
The goal of comparative effectiveness research (CER) and patient-centered outcomes research (PCOR) is to improve health outcomes by providing stakeholders with evidence directly relevant to decision making. In January 2017, the Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers Association Foundation, alongside the Academy for Managed Care Pharmacy, organized a conference aimed at engaging experts and opinion leaders representing clinicians, patients and payers to identify and discuss barriers and strategies to enhancing uptake and use of CER/PCOR...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464988/social-support-in-the-workplace-for-physicians-in-specialization-training
#9
Leena Mikkola, Elina Suutala, Heli Parviainen
When becoming a specialist, learning-through-service plays a significant role. The workplace affords good opportunities for learning, but the service-learning period may also impose stress on phycisians in specialization training. In medical work, social support has proved to be a very important factor in managing stress. Social support may afford advantages also for learning and professional identity building. However, little was known about how social support is perceived by doctors in specialization training...
December 2018: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464858/effects-of-nurses-emotional-intelligence-on-their-organizational-citizenship-behavior-with-mediating-effects-of-leader-trust-and-value-congruence
#10
So-Hee Lim, Sang-Sook Han, Yun-Su Joo
AIM: To investigate the causal relationship between nurses' emotional intelligence and their organizational citizenship behavior and the possible mediating effects of leader trust and value congruence. METHODS: The participants were 348 nurses who were working in a general hospital in a metropolitan area. The data were collected from December 16, 2012 to February 20, 2013. The hypothetical model of emotional intelligence, organizational citizenship behavior, leader trust, and value congruence was fitted to the actual data via structural equation modeling...
February 20, 2018: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463479/the-moderating-role-of-leader-member-exchange-in-the-relationships-between-emotional-labor-and-burnout-in-clinical-nurses
#11
Eun Kyung Lee, Eun Joo Ji
PURPOSE: This study aimed to identify the moderating effect of leader-member exchange in the relationship between emotional labor and burnout among clinical nurses. METHOD: A cross-sectional study design was used. Participants were 170 registered nurses working in the general wards of two tertiary hospitals in Seoul, South Korea. The data were collected through convenience sampling using self-report measures of emotional labor, leader-member exchange, and burnout...
February 19, 2018: Asian Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463287/weaved-into-the-cultural-fabric-a-qualitative-exploration-of-alcohol-consumption-during-pregnancy-among-tribal-women-in-odisha-india
#12
Sanghamitra Pati, Abhimanyu Singh Chauhan, Pranab Mahapatra, Devraj Hansdah, Krushna Chandra Sahoo, Sandipana Pati
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based research has documented the association between alcohol intake during pregnancy and increased risk of miscarriage, stillbirth and congenital birth defects. Alcohol consumption is a complex behavior whose origins lay in cultural norms and the social structure. In tribal communities in India, alcohol misuse among women is a public health problem. This study is intended to explore perceptions and beliefs among tribal women and the community towards alcohol consumption during pregnancy...
February 20, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461352/implementation-and-evaluation-of-shared-medical-appointments-in-veterans-with-diabetes-a-quality-improvement-study
#13
Timothy Omogbai, Kerry A Milner
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to implement and evaluate shared medical appointments (SMA) in veterans with diabetes. BACKGROUND: Health systems are challenged to meet the complex care needs of veterans with diabetes. Use of SMA has resulted in significant improvements in A1c, blood pressure, and self-management skills in this population. METHODS: Shared medical appointments were implemented in a Veterans Administration Health System...
March 2018: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458428/a-review-of-promoting-access-to-medicines-in-china-problems-and-recommendations
#14
Jing Sun, Cecile Jia Hu, Mark Stuntz, Hans Hogerzeil, Yuanli Liu
BACKGROUND: Despite recent reforms, distorting funding mechanisms and over-prescribing still maintain severe financial barriers to medicines access in China. Complicated and interrelated problems in the pharmaceutical sector require a common framework to be resolved as fragmented solutions do not work. We present a preliminary assessment of the impact of the national healthcare reforms on access to medicines, and propose policy recommendations for promoting universal access to medicines in China...
February 20, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455759/a-national-collaborative-for-building-the-field-of-childhood-obesity-research
#15
(no author information available yet)
Rising rates of childhood obesity over the past 2 decades have spurred a number of public- and private-sector initiatives aimed at halting or even reversing this trend. Recognizing common interests in this issue, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, NIH, and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation began conversations about creating a formal collaboration aimed at accelerating efforts to address childhood obesity by coordinating research agendas and providing support for evidence-building activities. The National Collaborative on Childhood Obesity Research (NCCOR) was launched in February 2009, and the U...
March 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455749/does-social-insurance-enrollment-improve-citizen-assessment-of-local-government-performance-evidence-from-china
#16
Xian Huang, Qin Gao
Although many studies claim that social policies are "carrots" that authoritarian leaders use to garner public support, the assumption that social benefits can boost public support of government has been rarely tested empirically, especially at the local levels. This article investigates the effects of social insurance enrollment on citizens' assessment of local government performance using data from the 2010 China Family Panel Study. We use propensity score matching to reduce selection bias and ordered probit regressions with fixed effects to examine these possible effects...
February 2018: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454327/peer-support-to-improve-diabetes-care-an-implementation-evaluation-of-the-australasian-peers-for-progress-diabetes-program
#17
Zahra Aziz, Michaela A Riddell, Pilvikki Absetz, Margaret Brand, Brian Oldenburg
BACKGROUND: Several studies have now demonstrated the benefits of peer support in promoting diabetes control. The aim of this study is to evaluate the implementation of a cluster randomised controlled trial of a group-based, peer support program to improve diabetes self-management and thereby, diabetes control in people with Type 2 Diabetes in Victoria, Australia. METHODS: The intervention program was designed to address four key peer support functions i.e. 1) assistance in daily management, 2) social and emotional support, 3) regular linkage to clinical care, and 4) ongoing and sustained support to assist with the lifelong needs of diabetes self-care management...
February 17, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454244/-keeping-birth-normal-exploratory-evaluation-of-a-training-package-for-midwives-in-an-inner-city-alongside-midwifery-unit
#18
Shawn Walker, Laura Batinelli, Lucia Rocca-Ihenacho, Christine McCourt
OBJECTIVES: to gain understanding about how participants perceived the value and effectiveness of 'Keeping Birth Normal' training, barriers to implementing it in an along-side midwifery unit, and how the training might be enhanced in future iterations. DESIGN: exploratory interpretive. SETTING: inner-city maternity service. PARTICIPANTS: 31 midwives attending a one-day training package on one of three occasions. METHODS: data were collected using semi-structured observation of the training, a short feedback form (23/31 participants), and focus groups (28/31 participants)...
February 2, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453507/interprofessional-education-opportunities-and-challenges-for-psychology
#19
Wendy Ward, Alexandra Zagoloff, Cortney Rieck, William Robiner
This manuscript is an outgrowth of an invited panel presentation at the national Association for Psychologists in Academic Health Centers Conference in 2017 on Interprofessional Education (IPE). IPE is a structured and transformative educational strategy designed to provide active learning experiences where trainees from diverse healthcare professions gain shared content knowledge plus collaboration skills as they learn about, from, and with each other. Collaboration skills include understanding professional role distinctions and overlap, effective team-based communication, shared values/ethics and respect for each other's expertise, and teamwork dynamics...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448061/allocation-rules-for-global-donors
#20
Alec Morton, Ashwin Arulselvan, Ranjeeta Thomas
In recent years, donors such as the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation have made an enormous contribution to the reduction of the global burden of disease. It has been argued that such donors should prioritise interventions based on their cost-effectiveness, that is to say, the ratio of costs to benefits. Against this, we argue that the donor should fund not the most cost-effective interventions, but rather interventions which are just cost-ineffective for the country, thus encouraging the country to contribute its own domestic resources to the fight against disease...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Health Economics
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