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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334847/utilization-and-environmental-availability-of-food-outlets-and-overweight-obesity-among-schoolchildren-in-a-city-in-the-south-of-brazil
#1
Elizabeth Nappi Corrêa, Camila Elizandra Rossi, Janaina das Neves, Diego Augusto Santos Silva, Francisco de Assis Guedes de Vasconcelos
Among the causes of obesity, environmental factors have also been studied, in addition to genetic, social, psychological, and hormonal factors. The distribution of food outlets, facilitating or hindering food acquisition, can promote body weight control by encouraging healthier food habits. The objective of this study was to investigate associations between environmental availability and utilization of food outlets and overweight/obesity in 7 to 14-year-old schoolchildren in Florianópolis, in the South of Brazil...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334183/comparative-transcriptional-analysis-of-the-host-specialized-aphids-aphis-gossypii-hemiptera-aphididae
#2
Yuan-Chen Zhang, Hai-Xia Lei, Ning-Hui Miao, Xiang-Dong Liu
Host specialization is an ubiquitous character in aphid populations. Many polyphagous aphid populations usually consist of several subpopulations that have strong fidelity to a specific host or a subset of host range. Host specialization is an evolutional result of food habit of insects. However, genetic basis and molecular mechanism of host specialization are still unclear. In this study, we presented a comparative analysis on global gene expression profiles of three lineages of Aphis gossypii Glover: cotton-specialized (CO), cucurbit-specialized (CU), and CU reared on cowpea (CU-cowpea), using RNA-Seq method...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334100/an-organismal-concept-for-sengelia-radicans-gen-et-sp-nov-morphology-and-natural-history-of-an-early-devonian-lycophyte
#3
Kelly K S Matsunaga, Alexandru M F Tomescu
Background and Aims: Fossil plants are found as fragmentary remains and understanding them as natural species requires assembly of whole-organism concepts that integrate different plant parts. Such concepts are essential for incorporating fossils in hypotheses of plant evolution and phylogeny. Plants of the Early Devonian are crucial to reconstructing the initial radiation of tracheophytes, yet few are understood as whole organisms. Methods: This study assembles a whole-plant concept for the Early Devonian lycophyte Sengelia radicans gen...
February 20, 2017: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333745/writing-your-manuscript-structure-and-style
#4
Karen Roush
: This is the second in a series of articles to help nurses share their knowledge, skills, and insight through writing for publication. Nurses have something important to contribute no matter what their nursing role. This series will help nurses develop good writing habits and sharpen their writing skills. It will take nurses step by step through the publication process, highlighting what gets published and why, how to submit articles and work with editors, and common pitfalls to avoid. For the previous article in this series, see http://bit...
April 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333654/cytokine-changes-in-gastric-and-colonic-epithelial-cell-in-response-to-planta-ovata-extract
#5
Javed Yakoob, Wasim Jafri, Malik Hassan Mehmood, Zaigham Abbas, Kanwal Tariq
Background Psyllium (Planta ovata, Ispaghul) seed and husk are used for treatment of altered bowel habit, i. e. constipation and diarrhea. We studied the effect of Ispaghul extract on secretion of interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β) by AGS (ATCC CRL 1739) and SW480 (ATCC CCL-227) epithelial cell lines and determined whether Ispaghul extract has an effect on IL-1β secretion by Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori)-stimulated AGS cell and Escherichia coli K-12 (E. coli K-12)-stimulated SW480 cells in vitro. Methods The AGS cells and SW480 cells were pretreated with Ispaghul extract in concentrations, i...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333599/a-community-driven-implementation-of-the-body-and-soul-program-in-churches-in-the-twin-cities-minnesota-2011-2014
#6
Erika Ashley Pinsker, Andrew W Enzler, Megan C Hoffman, Kathleen Thiede Call, Sylvia Amos, Alfred Babington-Johnson, Kolawole Stephen Okuyemi
BACKGROUND: African Americans have high disease and death rates due to cancer and cardiovascular disease. Health promotion efforts to improve diet have the potential to reduce these rates. COMMUNITY CONTEXT: Given their importance in the community and the extent of their reach, churches are effective avenues for health promotion efforts targeting African Americans. The objectives of this project were to promote healthy eating among African American church members, engage African American churches in the implementation of Body and Soul (an evidenced-based program that encourages healthy eating), and implement the program in the community with minimal resources...
March 23, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333547/food-and-mood-diet-quality-is-inversely-associated-with-depressive-symptoms-in-female-university-students
#7
Rachel Quehl, Jess Haines, Stephen P Lewis, Andrea C Buchholz
Researchers have found support for an inverse association between diet quality and depressive symptoms in middle-aged adults. This association has not been well examined among university students, a population at risk of developing both depression and unhealthy lifestyle habits. We sought to examine the cross-sectional association between depressive symptoms and diet quality in female university students. One hundred and forty-one females (19.1 ± 1.5 years, 22.3 ± 3.4 kg/m(2)) were recruited from a Canadian university in 2012 and 2013...
March 23, 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331807/transmission-of-hepatitis-d-virus-between-spouses-a-longitudinal-study-of-the-first-reported-canadian-case
#8
Carla Osiowy, Anton Andonov, Kevin Fonseca, Ken Swidinsky, Elizabeth Giles, Andrew Mason, Carla S Coffin
In chronic hepatitis B (CHB), hepatitis D virus (HDV) superinfection can lead to acute liver failure. The incidence of HDV superinfection is unknown, but is often detected in immigrants from HDV endemic countries. In this report, we characterize long-term clinical and virological outcomes in a hepatitis B virus (HBV) infected carrier before and after HDV superinfection, acquired from their spouse having HBV/HDV co-infection. A 38 year-old Mongolian male with CHB on anti-HBV therapy developed acute liver failure following HDV superinfection...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331421/factors-affecting-intention-to-undergo-dementia-screening
#9
Shinya Takeda, Maki Ota, Toshiatsu Taniguchi
BACKGROUND: In the present study, we focused on the main perception-related factors that affect people's intention to undergo dementia screening. METHODS: The 344 subjects that answered all the survey questions were included in the analysis. Data on the following variables were collected: Basic attributes such as age, sex, years of education, and number of people in the household; degree of intention to undergo dementia screening; degree of awareness of the seriousness of the consequences of dementia; degree of awareness that the person may someday develop dementia; degree of awareness of their ability to prevent dementia; availability of social support; degree of knowledge of lifestyle habits that can prevent dementia; role in the community and purpose in life...
March 2017: Yonago Acta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331253/content-of-food-advertising-for-young-adolescents-on-television
#10
Setu Gupta, Swati Kalra, Jaya Shankar Kaushik, Piyush Gupta
BACKGROUND: Food related advertisements on television may have a major influence on the dietary habits and obesity among young adolescents. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the frequency and typology of food advertisements on most popular television channels, watched by school-going young adolescents in Delhi. METHODOLOGY: Biphasic study to (a) identify the three television channels most frequently watched by administering a questionnaire to 400 school going young adolescents; and (b) view each of these channels for 2 hours per day for 6 days each, and observe the content of advertisements related to foods, beverages, and food outlets...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331201/synchrony-of-plant-cellular-circadian-clocks-with-heterogeneous-properties-under-light-dark-cycles
#11
Masaaki Okada, Tomoaki Muranaka, Shogo Ito, Tokitaka Oyama
Individual cells in a plant can work independently as circadian clocks, and their properties are the basis of various circadian phenomena. The behaviour of individual cellular clocks in Lemna gibba was orderly under 24-h light/dark cycles despite their heterogeneous free-running periods (FRPs). Here, we reveal the entrainment habits of heterogeneous cellular clocks using non-24-h light/dark cycles (T-cycles). The cellular rhythms of AtCCA1::LUC under T = 16 h cycles showed heterogeneous entrainment that was associated with their heterogeneous FRPs...
March 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330819/childhood-excess-weight-in-spain-from-2006-to-2012-determinants-and-parental-misperception
#12
María D Ramiro-González, Belén Sanz-Barbero, Miguel Ángel Royo-Bordonada
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Due to the high prevalence of childhood obesity in Spain, we analyzed changes in its prevalence from 2006 to 2007 and from 2011 to 2012, as well as diet, sleep, and sedentary habits in 5- to 14-year-olds and parental misperceptions about their children's excess weight. METHODS: The sample was from the Spanish National Health Surveys for 2006 to 2007 (n=5590) and for 2011 to 2012 (n=3601). Data were collected by trained personnel through telephone interviews with parents/guardians...
March 18, 2017: Revista Española de Cardiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330393/exercise-habits-are-important-for-the-mental-health-of-children-in-fukushima-after-the-fukushima-daiichi-disaster
#13
Shuntaro Itagaki, Mayumi Harigane, Masaharu Maeda, Seiji Yasumura, Yuriko Suzuki, Hirobumi Mashiko, Masato Nagai, Tetsuya Ohira, Hirooki Yabe
After the Great East Japan Earthquake and the subsequent nuclear reactor accident, the outdoor activities of children greatly decreased. We investigated adverse effects on the exercise habits and mental health of children after the disaster. The target subjects were children aged 6 to 15 years living inside the government-designated evacuation zone as of March 11, 2011 (n = 29  585). The subjects' parents/guardians completed the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) and exercise habit data were obtained from the 2011 Fukushima Health Management Survey...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329863/understanding-the-mechanisms-of-change-in-a-lifestyle-intervention-for-older-adults
#14
Christine Juang, Bob G Knight, Mike Carlson, Stacey L Schepens Niemiec, Cheryl Vigen, Florence Clark
Purpose of the Study: This study investigated the mechanisms of change underlying an activity-based lifestyle intervention, an occupational therapy program aimed at promoting healthy habits, and routines in older adults. We examined two activity-relevant factors as potential mediators linking the intervention to reduced symptoms of depression: activity frequency and global perceptions of activity significance. Social connections and perceived control were assessed to understand how activity-related factors relate to reduced symptoms of depression...
January 24, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329579/habit-tic-nail-deformity-a-rare-presentation-in-an-8-year-old-boy
#15
S El-Heis, Al Abadie
Habit tic nail deformity is a nail dystrophy resulting from habitual, repetitive trauma to the nail. It is usually acquired in adulthood, however, we report a case of habit tic nail deformity in an 8 year old boy. The diagnosis was made clinically with further history revealing that the boy repeatedly rubbed his thumbnails and pushed the cuticles. Emollient cream (Balneum®) was recommended twice daily and both the patient and his mother were educated on the behavioral nature of this condition. There was marked improvement at 6 months of treatment and further improvement at 12 months...
November 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329413/physical-activity-muscular-strength-and-polypharmacy-among-older-multimorbid-persons-results-from-the-kora-age-study
#16
K A Volaklis, B Thorand, A Peters, M Halle, M Heier, B Strasser, U Amann, K H Ladwig, H Schulz, W Koenig, C Meisinger
The purpose of this study was to examine if physical activity (PA) and muscular strength (MS) are related to polypharmacy. Our cross-sectional analysis was based on 711 patients with multimorbidity (ΜΜΒ), aged 65-94 years, who participated in the KORA-Age study. Participants underwent a face to face interview and extensive physical examinations including anthropometric measurements, registration of chronic diseases, determination of health-related behaviors (smoking, alcohol intake, physical activity, etc), collection of blood samples and measurement of hand-grip strength...
March 22, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329010/phylogenetic-reconstruction-of-syntermitinae-isoptera-termitidae-based-on-morphological-and-molecular-data
#17
Mauricio M Rocha, Adriana C Morales-Corrêa E Castro, Carolina Cuezzo, Eliana M Cancello
The subfamily Syntermitinae comprises a group of Neotropical termites with 18 genera and 101 species described. It has been considered a natural group, but relationships among the genera within the subfamily remain uncertain, and some genera appear to be non-monophyletic. Here, we provide a comprehensive phylogeny including six Neotropical species of Termitinae as outgroup, 42 Syntermitinae species as ingroup, 92 morphological characters (from external and internal anatomy of soldier and worker castes) and 117 molecular sequences (109 obtained for this study and 8 from GenBank) of 4 gene regions (41 and 22 from Cytochrome Oxidase I and II respectively, 19 from Cytochrome b, and 35 from 16S rDNA)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328385/a-qualitative-study-exploring-women-s-journeys-to-becoming-smokers-in-the-social-context-of-urban-india
#18
Aarti Nagarkar, Devashri Salvi
In India, the prevalence of smoking among women is increasing, and the reasons behind this are unclear. We aimed to study the factors leading to initiation and maintenance of the smoking habit in women in Pune, India. Twenty-seven urban women-smokers, ranging from 21 to 60 years of age (31.96 ± 10.70 years), were interviewed from September 2015 to February 2016. The in-depth interviews consisted of questions on pre-decided categories, viz., initiation, motivation to continue smoking, and risk perception...
March 22, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328235/breakfast-skipping-anxiety-exercise-and-soda-consumption-are-associated-with-diet-quality-in-mexican-college-students
#19
Laura Hall, Luz María Tejada-Tayabas, Joel Monárrez-Espino
ABSTEACT Despite the reported poor dietary habits and risk of weight gain in college students, they remain understudied in Mexico. Mexican college students are in a rapidly changing economic environment; a shift from a traditional, homemade cuisine to a diet more heavily influenced by an industrialized culture seems to be occurring, potentially affecting the quality of their dietary intake. A health and nutrition survey was conducted among 450 Mexican college students to study the relationship between sociodemographic factors and diet quality...
March 22, 2017: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328231/use-of-cell-phones-and-computers-for-health-promotion-and-tobacco-cessation-by-american-indian-college-students-in-montana
#20
Jo Ann W Dotson, Lonnie A Nelson, Sara L Young, Dedra Buchwald, John Roll
INTRODUCTION: Cell phones and personal computers have become popular mechanisms for delivering and monitoring health information and education, including the delivery of tobacco cessation education and support. Tobacco smoking is prevalent among American Indians (AIs) and Alaska Natives (ANs), with 26% AI/AN adult men smoking compared to 19% of Caucasian adult males and 22% of African American adult males. Smoking is even more prevalent in Northern Plains AI populations, with 42% of men <i>and</i> women reporting current smoking...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
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