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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545212/determination-of-phenolic-organohalogens-in-human-serum-from-a-belgian-population-and-assessment-of-parameters-affecting-the-human-contamination
#1
Patrice Dufour, Catherine Pirard, Corinne Charlier
Many in vitro or in vivo studies highlighted the potential deleterious effects of phenolic organohalogenated compounds (POHs) on the health, particularly on the thyroid system homeostasis, however few large scale human epidemiological studies have been carried out, especially in Europe. Further studies monitoring the human contamination by POHs, the sources of exposure and the influence of these compounds on thyroid health are still needed. Therefore we determined the concentrations of 16 POHs (pentachlorophenol (PCP), tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA), 4 bromophenols (BPs), 3 hydroxy-polybromodiphenylethers (OH-PBDEs) and 7 hydroxy-polychlorobiphenyls (OH-PCBs)) in serum from 274 people aged from 18 to 76years old living in Liege (Belgium) and the surrounding area...
May 20, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545191/%C3%A2-mate%C3%A2-intake-hormone-based-risk-factors-and-breast-cancer-a-case-control-study
#2
Alvaro L Ronco, Edison Espinosa, Juan M Calderon, Eduardo Lasalvia- Galante, Alejandro De Rosa, Gustavo Sanchez
Previous reports on the inverse association between ‘mate’ intake (infusion of Ilex Paraguariensis herb) and breast cancer (BC) risk led us to consider two main roles for the infusion: as a substantial antioxidant contributor and as a hormone regulator, particularly through anti-aromatase capacities. Since menstrual-reproductive risk factors for BC reflect women’s estrogenic exposure during the reproductive lifespan, and considering that ‘mate’ intake exerts putative stronger protection among high antioxidant contributors, we attempted to analyze interactions among the infusion, hormon-linked reproductive factors and BC risk, which have hitherto remained unexplored...
April 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545090/neotropical-bats-that-co-habit-with-humans-function-as-dead-end-hosts-for-dengue-virus
#3
Amanda Vicente-Santos, Andres Moreira-Soto, Claudio Soto-Garita, Luis Guillermo Chaverri, Andrea Chaves, Jan Felix Drexler, Juan Alberto Morales, Alejandro Alfaro-Alarcón, Bernal Rodríguez-Herrera, Eugenia Corrales-Aguilar
Several studies have shown Dengue Virus (DENV) nucleic acids and/or antibodies present in Neotropical wildlife including bats, suggesting that some bat species may be susceptible to DENV infection. Here we aim to elucidate the role of house-roosting bats in the DENV transmission cycle. Bats were sampled in households located in high and low dengue incidence regions during rainy and dry seasons in Costa Rica. We captured 318 bats from 12 different species in 29 households. Necropsies were performed in 205 bats to analyze virus presence in heart, lung, spleen, liver, intestine, kidney, and brain tissue...
May 18, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544338/alcohol-consumption-and-risk-of-unemployment-sickness-absence-and-disability-pension-in-denmark-a-prospective-cohort-study
#4
Maja Baeksgaard Jørgensen, Lau Caspar Thygesen, Ulrik Becker, Janne S Tolstrup
AIMS: We investigated the association between weekly alcohol consumption and binge drinking and the risk of unemployment, sickness absence and disability pension. DESIGN: Prospective register-based cohort study SETTING: Denmark PARTICIPANTS: A sample of 17,690 men and women, aged 18 to 60 years, from the Danish Health and Morbidity Survey in 2000, 2005 and 2010 participated in the study. Participants worked the entire year prior to baseline. MEASUREMENTS: Administrative registers were used to obtain information on unemployment, sickness absence and disability pension during a 5-year follow-up period...
May 21, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543954/health-professionals-personal-behaviours-hindering-health-promotion-a-study-of-nurses-who-smoke
#5
Agurtzane Mujika, María Arantzamendi, Olga Lopez-Dicastillo, Angus Forbes
AIM: To explore the views of current and ex-smoker nurses on their role in supporting patients to stop smoking. BACKGROUND: Long-term conditions are closely linked to harmful lifestyle behaviours, including smoking and overeating. Health professionals have an important role to play in promoting healthier lifestyles. It has been described that nurses' health behaviours may be a barrier to their health promotion practice. There is a need to gain further understanding on why nurses' health promotion activity is influenced by their own health behaviour...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543400/risk-factors-associated-with-sensitive-skin-and-potential-role-of-lifestyle-habits-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
D Falcone, R J H Richters, N E Uzunbajakava, P E J van Erp, P C M van de Kerkhof
Sensitive skin (SS) is a widespread condition, but still not completely understood. To identify risk factors that increase the likelihood of SS, 258 women aged between 20 and 65 years old and resident in the Netherlands were surveyed by questionnaire, which included questions on sociodemographic characteristics (age group, Fitzpatrick skin type, hormonal status), health state (atopic predisposition, skin diseases) and lifestyle habits (history of smoking and of sun exposure, frequency of physical exercise)...
May 22, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543028/correlated-evolution-between-colouration-and-ambush-site-in-predators-with-visual-prey-lures
#7
F M Gawryszewski, M A Calero-Torralbo, R G Gillespie, M A Rodríguez-Gironés, M E Herberstein
The evolution of a visual signal will be affected by signaller and receiver behaviour, and by the physical properties of the environment where the signal is displayed. Crab spiders are typical sit-and-wait predators found in diverse ambush sites, such as tree bark, foliage and flowers. Some of the flower-dweller species present a UV(+) -white visual lure that makes them conspicuous and attractive to their prey. We hypothesised that UV(+) -white colouration was associated with the evolution of a flower-dwelling habit...
May 23, 2017: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542898/health-habit-a-concept-analysis
#8
Andra S Opalinski, Linda S Weglicki, Sareen S Gropper
The aim of this article is to provide clarity of the concept of health habit. Using Walker and Avant's (1983; 2010) method for conducting a concept analysis, the authors identify the attributes and characteristics of health habit, its theoretical and practical application to nursing, and sample cases to further illustrate the concept. Empirical and conceptual literature was used to inform this concept analysis. Articles and one book from 1977 to 2014 were reviewed from PsycINFO, Medline, Cumulative Index to Nursing Health Literature (CINAHL), Science Direct, EBSCOhost and Web of Science...
May 25, 2017: Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542615/taking-dietary-habits-into-account-a-computational-method-for-modeling-food-choices-that-goes-beyond-price
#9
Rahmatollah Beheshti, Jessica C Jones-Smith, Takeru Igusa
Computational models have gained popularity as a predictive tool for assessing proposed policy changes affecting dietary choice. Specifically, they have been used for modeling dietary changes in response to economic interventions, such as price and income changes. Herein, we present a novel addition to this type of model by incorporating habitual behaviors that drive individuals to maintain or conform to prior eating patterns. We examine our method in a simulated case study of food choice behaviors of low-income adults in the US...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542375/human-plasma-metabolomics-in-age-related-macular-degeneration-amd-using-nuclear-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy
#10
Inês Laíns, Daniela Duarte, António S Barros, Ana Sofia Martins, João Gil, John B Miller, Marco Marques, Tânia Mesquita, Ivana K Kim, Maria da Luz Cachulo, Demetrios Vavvas, Isabel M Carreira, Joaquim N Murta, Rufino Silva, Joan W Miller, Deeba Husain, Ana M Gil
PURPOSE: To differentiate the plasma metabolomic profile of patients with age related macular degeneration (AMD) from that of controls, by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. METHODS: Two cohorts (total of 396 subjects) representative of central Portugal and Boston, USA phenotypes were studied. For each cohort, subjects were grouped according to AMD stage (early, intermediate and late). Multivariate analysis of plasma NMR spectra was performed, followed by signal integration and univariate analysis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541992/navigating-the-publishing-process
#11
Karen Roush
: This is the fourth and final article in a series to help nurses share their knowledge, skills, and insight through writing for publication. Nurses have something important to contribute no matter what their nursing role. This series will help nurses develop good writing habits and sharpen their writing skills. It will take nurses step by step through the publication process, highlighting what gets published and why, how to submit articles and work with editors, and common pitfalls to avoid. For the previous articles in this series, see http://bit...
June 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541989/irritable-bowel-syndrome
#12
Kristen Ronn Weaver, Gail DʼEramo Melkus, Wendy A Henderson
: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common, chronic gastrointestinal (GI) condition characterized by disturbances in bowel habits and abdominal pain in the absence of known organic pathology. IBS reduces quality of life and is costly to treat. It is diagnosed using the symptom-based Rome criteria for functional GI disorders, which was recently updated and released as Rome IV. Both physiologic and psychological variables play a role in the etiology of IBS and perpetuate symptoms. Although research has shed light on IBS pathophysiology, therapeutic interventions remain symptom driven, employing both pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic approaches...
June 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541558/drinking-water-contamination-from-perfluoroalkyl-substances-pfas-an-ecological-mortality-study-in-the-veneto-region-italy
#13
Marina Mastrantonio, Edoardo Bai, Raffaella Uccelli, Vincenzo Cordiano, Augusto Screpanti, Paolo Crosignani
: Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS), a heterogeneous group of highly stable man-made chemicals, have been widely used since 1960s and can be detected almost ubiquitously in all environmental matrices. In Italy, on January 2014, drinking water contamination in an area of the Veneto Region was detected mainly due to the drain of fluorinated chemicals by a manufacturing company operating since 1964. : The present ecological mortality study was aimed at comparing mortality for some causes of death selected on the basis of previous reported associations, during the period 1980-2013, in municipalities with PFAS contaminated and uncontaminated drinking water on the basis of the levels indicated by the Italian National Health Institute (ISS)...
May 23, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540572/characterization-and-mapping-of-dt1-locus-which-co-segregates-with-cctfl1-for-growth-habit-in-pigeonpea
#14
Rachit K Saxena, Jimmy Obala, Andrey Sinjushin, C V Sameer Kumar, K B Saxena, Rajeev K Varshney
We report growth habit profiling following SEM, genetic mapping and QTL analysis. Highlighted CcTFL1 , a candidate for determinacy in pigeonpea, since an Indel marker derived from this gene co-segregated with Dt1 locus. Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) is one of the most important legume crops grown in arid and semi-arid regions of the world. It is characterized with few unique features compared with other legume species, such as Lotus, Medicago, and Glycine. One of them is growth habit, an important agronomic trait...
May 24, 2017: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540395/management-of-atherosclerosis-risk-factors-for-patients-at-high-cardiovascular-risk-in-the-real-world-practice-a-multicentre-study
#15
Arintaya Phrommintikul, Rungroj Krittayaphong, Wanwarang Wongcharoen, Sukit Yamwong, Smonporn Boonyaratavej, Rapeephon Kunjara-Na-Ayudhya, Pyatat Tatsanavivat, Piyamitr Sritara
INTRODUCTION: Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease is a global health burden. However, there are heterogeneities among countries or regions regarding the risk factors and clinical manifestations of atherosclerotic diseases as well as their management patterns. METHODS: We collected data from 25 centres in Thailand. Patients with documented coronary artery disease or cerebrovascular disease or peripheral arterial disease, or with at least three atherosclerosis risk factors were enrolled between April 2011 and March 2014...
May 25, 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540394/clinical-efficacy-of-a-two-year-oral-health-programme-for-infants-and-toddlers-in-singapore
#16
Bien Lai, Wee Kiat Tan, Qing Shu Lu
INTRODUCTION: Dental caries, which is prevalent in Singapore preschoolers, is a disease that has a major impact on children's health and places a high cost on the society and health services. Oral health programmes for young children implemented in several parts of the world have been shown to be effective in the prevention of dental caries. We aimed to examine the clinical efficacy of an oral health programme for infants and toddlers in Singapore. METHODS: 90 children and their caregivers participated in the programme while 64 children who were 24 months older than the intervention group at initial visit were recruited as controls in a quasi-experimental study design...
May 25, 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540345/barriers-and-facilitators-to-intake-of-dairy-products-in-adolescent-males-and-females-with-different-levels-of-habitual-intake
#17
Megan Racey, Jeanette Bransfield, Kathryn Capello, David Field, Verena Kulak, David Machmueller, Michèle Preyde, Genevieve Newton
Background: Dairy products and alternatives can contribute to overall good health including positive body composition and decreased adiposity; however, these foods are grossly underconsumed by youth, and worldwide, almost 25% of children are overweight or obese. Objective: The study investigated the barriers and facilitators toward dairy consumption by Grade 7 youth. Methods: Thirty 50-minute, audio-recorded focus groups were conducted with 134 students in eight Grade 7 classes across 5 elementary schools. Focus groups were led by trained facilitators in the elementary schools and participants were separated based on dairy consumption and gender...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540265/nonylphenol-in-human-breast-milk-in-relation-to-sociodemographic-variables-diet-obstetrics-histories-and-lifestyle-habits-in-a-turkish-population
#18
Sengul Sise, Cevdet Uguz
BACKGROUND: Human breast milk is the most important food for infants and one of the main roads to exposure to toxic substances. In this study, nonylphenol (NP) levels in human milk samples collected from Turkish mothers (n=100) were determined, and the factors including mothers' demographics, eating habits, obstetric histories, and usage of cleaning and cosmetic products were examined. METHODS: Participants were mothers of randomly selected infants and toddlers from the Primary Health Care Center Number-8 in Afyonkarahisar City in western Turkey...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540101/health-status-and-lifestyle-habits-of-us-medical-students-a-longitudinal-study
#19
B J Brehm, S S Summer, J C Khoury, A T Filak, M A Lieberman, J E Heubi
BACKGROUND: Evidence shows that physicians and medical students who engage in healthy lifestyle habits are more likely to counsel patients about such behaviors. Yet medical school is a challenging time that may bring about undesired changes to health and lifestyle habits. AIMS: This study assessed changes in students' health and lifestyle behaviors during medical school. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In a longitudinal study, students were assessed at both the beginning and end of medical school...
November 2016: Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539866/effect-of-diet-on-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-review
#20
REVIEW
Waqas Sami, Tahir Ansari, Nadeem Shafique Butt, Mohd Rashid Ab Hamid
Globally, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is considered as one of the most common diseases. The etiology of T2DM is complex and is associated with irreversible risk factors such as age, genetic, race, and ethnicity and reversible factors such as diet, physical activity and smoking. The objectives of this review are to examine various studies to explore relationship of T2DM with different dietary habits/patterns and practices and its complications. Dietary habits and sedentary lifestyle are the major factors for rapidly rising incidence of DM among developing countries...
April 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
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