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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822322/caffeine-s-influence-on-gambling-behavior-and-other-types-of-impulsivity
#1
Jon E Grant, Samuel R Chamberlain
BACKGROUND: Young adulthood is a developmental period frequently associated with occurrence of impulsive behaviors including gambling. It is estimated that 73% of children and 87% of adults in the United States regularly use caffeine. Questions remain, however, concerning the role of caffeine in the development and maintenance of impulsive behaviors such as gambling. METHODS: Sixty-one young adults with at least some degree of disordered gambling were recruited from two Mid-Western university communities in the United States using media advertisements...
August 12, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822033/clinical-and-polysomnographic-characteristics-of-excessive-daytime-sleepiness-in-children
#2
Jiwon Lee, Geonyoub Na, Eun Yeon Joo, Munhyang Lee, Jeehun Lee
PURPOSE: This study aimed to delineate the clinical and polysomnography (PSG) characteristics of sleep disorders in children with excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS). METHODS: Between February 2002 and June 2015, 622 pediatric patients with EDS were evaluated with overnight PSG and the Multiple Sleep Latency Test at the Samsung Medical Center. The medical records; questionnaire responses about depression, sleepiness, sleep habits; and sleep study data of 133 patients without obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) were reviewed retrospectively...
August 18, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821510/social-and-somatic-determinants-of-underweight-overweight-and-obesity-at-5-years-of-age-a-norwegian-regional-cohort-study
#3
Hilde Mjell Donkor, Jacob Holter Grundt, Pétur Benedikt Júlíusson, Geir Egil Eide, Jørgen Hurum, Robert Bjerknes, Trond Markestad
OBJECTIVE: To identify associations between the weight groups underweight (UW), overweight (OW) and obesity (OB) at 5 years of age and exposures related to pregnancy, anthropometric measures at birth, sociodemographic factors, and family health, anthropometric measures and habits. DESIGN: Regional cohort study. SETTING: Oppland County, Norway. METHODS: Pregnancy data were obtained from a prospective perinatal register for children born in the county, and weight and height were measured by midwives at birth and by public health nurses at 5 years...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821418/the-associations-between-carbohydrate-and-protein-intakes-with-habitual-sleep-duration-among-adults-living-in-urban-and-rural-areas
#4
Xin Liu, Di Wu, Xin Qi, Yulin Niu, Wenyuan Li, Yichen Lu, Jie Chang
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Macronutrient intake was associated with habitual sleep duration, a recognized metabolic risk factor. However, results are not clear for populations with large diversities in dietary habits and urbanization levels. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the associations between relative macronutrient intakes and sleep duration, and the potential modification effect of urban-rural residence among adult Chinese population. METHODS: We analyzed data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey 2009...
August 5, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820084/the-effectiveness-of-healthy-meals-at-work-on-reaction-time-mood-and-dietary-intake-a-randomised-cross-over-study-in-daytime-and-shift-workers-at-an-university-hospital
#5
Eva Leedo, Anne Marie Beck, Arne Astrup, Anne D Lassen
Our dietary habits affect both cognitive performance and mood. The aim of the study was to examine the effect of increased availability of healthy meals and water at work on healthcare staff. The study used an 8-week randomised cross-over design. A total of sixty physicians, nurses and nursing assistants, including sixteen working on shifts, were recruited. The participants received a self-selected keyhole-labelled (Nordic nutrition label) lunch, snack and bottled water during each shift throughout the intervention period...
July 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819350/understanding-sarcopenia-development-a-role-for-healthy-behaviors
#6
Justin P Hardee, James A Carson
For decades the biomedical community has documented the accelerated loss of muscle mass that occurs with advancing aging, termed sarcopenia. The timely review article ("Attenuation of Adverse Effects of Aging on Skeletal Muscle by Regular Exercise and Nutritional Support") by Arthur Leon presents our current state of knowledge on the biological processes responsible for age-induced loss of muscle mass and function. This loss of skeletal muscle has critical health implications as it can negatively affect morbidity and mortality...
January 2017: American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818418/case-finding-for-persistent-airway-obstruction-in-farmers-a-questionnaire-with-optimal-diagnosis-criteria
#7
Alicia Guillien, Thibaud E Soumagne, Marc Puyraveau, Patrick Berger, Stéphanie L Guillot, Fabrice Rannou, Stéphane Jouneau, Frédéric J Mauny, Jean-Jacques Laplante, Jean-Charles Dalphin, Bruno Degano
INTRODUCTION: Appropriate identification of subjects who are candidates for spirometry through case-finding questionnaires may help solve the problem of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease misdiagnosis. The performance of case-finding questionnaires depends at least partially on the characteristics of the population used for their development. The use of an accurate threshold for the forced expiratory volume in 1 second / forced vital capacity ratio to define persistent airway obstruction is also vital in ascertaining chronic obstructive pulmonary disease...
August 14, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818241/prevalence-of-modifiable-cancer-risk-factors-among-u-s-adults-aged-18-44-years
#8
Mary C White, Meredith L Shoemaker, Sohyun Park, Linda J Neff, Susan A Carlson, David R Brown, Dafna Kanny
INTRODUCTION: Carcinogen exposure and unhealthy habits acquired in young adulthood can set the stage for the development of cancer at older ages. This study measured the current prevalence of several cancer risk factors among young adults to assess opportunities to intervene to change the prevalence of these risk factors and potentially reduce cancer incidence. METHODS: Using 2015 National Health Interview Survey data (analyzed in 2016), the prevalence of potential cancer risk factors was estimated among U...
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818086/mediterranean-diet-folic-acid-and-neural-tube-defects
#9
REVIEW
Maximilian Fischer, Mauro Stronati, Marcello Lanari
The Mediterranean diet has been for a very long time the basis of food habits all over the countries of the Mediterranean basin, originally founded on rural models and low consumption of meat products and high-fat/high-processed foods. However, in the modern era, the traditional Mediterranean diet pattern is now progressively eroding due to the widespread dissemination of the Western-type economy, life-style, technology-driven culture, as well as the globalisation of food production, availability and consumption, with consequent homogenisation of food culture and behaviours...
August 17, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818030/vitamin-e-%C3%AE-tocopherol-exhibits-antitumour-activity-on-oral-squamous-carcinoma-cells-orl-48
#10
Rahayu Zulkapli, Fathilah Abdul Razak, Rosnah Binti Zain
Cancers involving the oral cavity, head, and neck regions are often treated with cisplatin. In cancer therapy, the main target is to eliminate unwanted cancerous cells. However, reports on the nonselective nature of this drug have raised few concerns. Incorrect nutritional habits and lifestyle practices have been directly linked to cancer incidence. Nutrients with antioxidant activity inhibit cancer cells development, destroying them through oxidative stress and apoptosis. α-tocopherol, the potent antioxidant form of vitamin E is a known scavenger of free radicals...
September 2017: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817721/stable-isotopes-in-tissues-discriminate-the-diet-of-free-living-wild-boar-from-different-areas-of-central-italy
#11
Giuseppe Russo, Pier Paolo Danieli, Riccardo Primi, Andrea Amici, Marco Lauteri
The use of isotopic signatures in animal tissues provides information on the environment where they are living and, notably, on their diet. Carbon and, whenever possible, nitrogen stable isotope analyses were performed in animal hairs, muscles and fat. Particularly, we analyzed both carbon and nitrogen isotopic compositions (δ13C and δ15N) on wild boar samples across three different areas of central Italy (Latium region): Tyrrhenian Coast (TC), Maremma (MA) and Central Plains (CP). The agricultural habits of these areas imply that, in winter, no crops are available for wild boars, which feed mainly on acorns and natural feeds (tubers, earthworms etc...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817589/relationship-between-atherosclerosis-and-occlusal-support-of-natural-teeth-with-mediating-effect-of-atheroprotective-nutrients-from-the-sonic-study
#12
Sayaka Tada, Kazunori Ikebe, Kei Kamide, Yasuyuki Gondo, Chisato Inomata, Hajime Takeshita, Ken-Ich Matsuda, Masahiro Kitamura, Shinya Murakami, Mai Kabayama, Ryousuke Oguro, Chikako Nakama, Tatsuo Kawai, Koichi Yamamoto, Ken Sugimoto, Ayumi Shintani, Takuma Ishihara, Yasumichi Arai, Yukie Masui, Ryutaro Takahashi, Hiromi Rakugi, Yoshinobu Maeda
Whereas most of studies investigating relationship between oral health and atherosclerosis have focused on periodontitis, very few of them were examined about occlusal status of natural teeth which possibly influence dietary habit. The primary aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the association between the occlusal support of posterior teeth and the prevalence of atherosclerosis in community-dwelling septuagenarians. Also, the second aim was to test the hypothesis that the intake of key nutrients for atherosclerosis prevention would have a mediating effect on the relationship between the occlusal status and atherosclerosis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817556/risk-behaviors-for-contact-lens-related-eye-infections-among-adults-and-adolescents-united-states-2016
#13
Jennifer R Cope, Sarah A Collier, Hannah Nethercut, Jefferson M Jones, Kirsten Yates, Jonathan S Yoder
Contact lens-related eye infections, which can lead to serious outcomes, including blindness, are associated with several risk factors, including sleeping in lenses, exposing lenses to water, not adhering to replacement schedules, and reusing disinfecting solution (1). In some studies, adolescent and young adult contact lens wearers have been reported to be more likely than older adult contact lens wearers to develop eye infections (2,3) and more likely to have poor contact lens hygiene practices (2). In 2015, CDC reported the number and demographics of adult contact lens wearers in the United States to define the population at risk for contact lens-related eye infections (4); however, this estimate did not include adolescents...
August 18, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817141/effects-of-platelet-rich-fibrin-on-palatal-wound-healing-after-free-gingival-graft-harvesting-a-comparative-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#14
Mustafa Ozcan, Onur Ucak, Bahar Alkaya, Seray Keceli, Gulsah Seydaoglu, M Cenk Haytac
This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) on palatal wound healing after free gingival graft (FGG) harvesting. A total of 125 patients were randomized after FGG: PRF with butyl-cyanoacrylate (BC) adhesive (PRF group; n = 42), BC adhesive alone (BC group; n = 42), and sterile wet gauze compression (WG group; n = 41). Bleeding, pain, epithelialization, feeding habits, and sensation scores were recorded for different time points. Statistically significant differences were found for all parameters in favor of the PRF group (P = ...
September 2017: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816613/smoking-habits-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-women
#15
Lina Radzeviciene, Rytas Ostrauskas
The purpose of this case-control study was to evaluate the relationship between smoking and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in adult females. A total of 168 women in Kaunas, Lithuania with newly diagnosed T2DM during the year 2001 and 336 controls who were women without diabetes were recruited. Participants were asked about their duration of smoking, the number of cigarettes smoked per day, pack-years, and smoking cessation. Odds ratios (OR), 95% confidence intervals (CI) for T2DM were calculated using conditional logistic regression...
August 17, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816524/from-the-abstract-to-the-concrete-implementation-of-an-innovative-tool-in-home-care
#16
Anu Kajamaa, Klaus-Peter Schulz
Background The implementation of innovations in practice is a critical factor for change and development processes in health and home care. We therefore analyze how an innovative tool - a mobility agreement to maintain physical mobility of home care clients - was implemented in Finnish home care. Methods Our study involves ethnographic research of 13 home care visits, two years after the mobility agreement was implemented. We analyze the emergence of contradictions, the motives of the actors and the use of artifacts supporting or inhibiting the implementation...
January 1, 2017: Health Services Management Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816197/cytological-changes-in-normal-oral-mucosa-of-individuals-with-tobacco-habits-a-cytomorphometric-study
#17
Pavan Palakurthy, Pavan G Kulkarni, Rateesh K Nandan, T Madhusudan Rao, D Shyam P Reddy, Keerthi Muddana
INTRODUCTION: Oral cancer is one of the six most common cancers in the world, and globally more than 50% of head and neck cancers occur in Asia, remarkably in India. Overall, 200,000 cases of head and neck cancers occur each year in India, among which 80,000 are oral cancers. Epidemiological and clinical studies suggest a causative role of tobacco use in the evolution of oral potentially malignant and malignant disorders. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study is to evaluate independently and compare the cytological effects of smoking, tobacco chewing, and smoking in conjunction with tobacco chewing on oral mucosa by cytomorphometric analysis...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816196/denture-hygiene-knowledge-and-practices-among-complete-denture-wearers-attending-a-postgraduate-dental-institute
#18
Thatapudi Shankar, Snigdha Gowd, Vinay Suresan, Sneha Mantri, Sudhanshu Saxena, Prateek Mishra, Pragya Panday
AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess the denture hygiene knowledge and practices among patients using complete dentures attending a postgraduate dental hospital in Jabalpur city. The objective of this study was to assess the relationship between hygiene knowledge and practices to the denture wearer's gender, education, and income. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive, cross-sectional survey was conducted using a self-administered questionnaire involving the complete denture patients attending the Department of Prosthodontics...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816192/tobacco-abuse-and-associated-oral-lesions-among-interstate-migrant-construction-workers
#19
Anzil Ks Ali, Arshad Mohammed, Archana A Thomas, Shann Paul, M Shahul, K Kasim
AIM: The present study was conducted to assess the prevalence of tobacco use and associated oral mucosal lesions among construction workers of Cochin, Kerala, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried at various construction sites of Cochin and 2,163 workers were selected using multistage sampling method and were interviewed and examined. Information regarding demographic details, form, type, frequency of tobacco use, earlier attempt to quit, and willingness to quit tobacco use was obtained using predesigned questionnaire...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816028/epidemiology-of-head-and-neck-cancer-in-thailand
#20
REVIEW
Napadon Tangjaturonrasme, Patravoot Vatanasapt, Andrey Bychkov
Cancer is the most common cause of death in Thailand, with the mortality almost doubled during 1998-2011 (from 48.4 to 95.2 per 100 000). The estimated number of new cancer cases in 2011 was 112 392. Our review provides baseline data on the current epidemiological situation with head and neck (HN) cancer in Thailand based on reports of the National Cancer Registry and findings from local and international publications. Collectively, HN cancer approaches age-standardized rate (ASR) incidence of 15.7 and 10...
August 16, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
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