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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679954/are-changes-in-drinking-related-to-changes-in-cannabis-use-among-swedish-adolescents-a-time-series-analysis-for-the-period-1989-2016
#1
Isabella Gripe, Anna-Karin Danielsson, Mats Ramstedt
AIMS: To examine if changes in alcohol consumption are associated with changes in cannabis use among Swedish adolescents in a period of diverging trends, and to investigate if cannabis and alcohol act as complements or substitutes. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS AND MEASUREMENTS: Data comprise a nationally representative annual school survey of alcohol and drug habits among Swedish 9th grade students (15-16 years) covering the years 1989-2016 (n=149 603). Alcohol and cannabis use were measured concurrently and alcohol consumption was measured in liters of 100% alcohol per year...
April 21, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679632/dietary-habits-associated-with-reduced-insulin-resistance-the-nagahama-study
#2
Kaori Ikeda, Tosiya Sato, Takeo Nakayama, Daisuke Tanaka, Kazuaki Nagashima, Fumika Mano, Erina Joo, Shimpei Fujimoto, Yoshimitsu Takahashi, Shinji Kosugi, Akihiro Sekine, Yasuharu Tabara, Fumihiko Matsuda, Nobuya Inagaki
AIMS: To investigate the association between insulin resistance assessed by a homeostasis model and dietary habits. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis using a community-based cohort, the Nagahama Prospective Cohort for Comprehensive Human Bioscience. Multiple linear regression analysis was performed with log HOMA-IR or log HOMA- β as the dependent variable and 20 dietary habits, tobacco smoking, medical history, family medical history of diabetes, age and BMI as the simultaneous independent variables in each sex separately...
April 18, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679166/composite-resection-of-the-left-upper-lobe-and-superior-segment-s6-of-the-lower-lobe-for-lung-cancer-with-a-mediastinal-lingular-and-basal-pulmonary-artery
#3
Tomoyuki Nakano, Shigemi Ishikawa, Yasunori Sohara, Shunsuke Endo
BACKGROUND: Preoperative evaluation and awareness of anatomical variations in the pulmonary vessel is essential for a secure pulmonary resection. We herein present a patient who underwent complex pulmonary resection for lung cancer with a mediastinal lingular and basal pulmonary artery that had been detected by preoperative three-dimensional computed tomography. CASE PRESENTATION: The patient was an asymptomatic 66-year-old woman who had a 39-pack-year smoking habit...
April 20, 2018: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678976/fostering-active-living-and-healthy-eating-through-understanding-physical-activity-and-dietary-behaviours-of-arabic-speaking-adults-a-cross-sectional-study-from-the-middle-east
#4
Tam Truong Donnelly, Tak Shing Fung, Al-Anoud Bint Mohammad Al-Thani
OBJECTIVES: Physical inactivity and unhealthy diets increase the risk for diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and cancer. Many people in Qatar are sedentary and consume diets high in fats, salt and sugar. The purpose of this study was to determine physical activity levels, food habits and understand the variables that might predict physical activity and healthy eating behaviours among Arabic-speaking adults living in the State of Qatar. SETTING: A cross-sectional community-based survey was conducted with 1606 Arab adults ≥18 years of age from March 2013 to June 2015...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678362/bowel-symptoms-in-patients-that-receive-proton-pump-inhibitors-results-of-a-multicenter-survey-in-mexico
#5
M J Schmulson, A C Frati-Munari
INTRODUCTION: Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) have been associated with small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO), which increases with prolonged PPI use, and SIBO has been associated with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to study the prevalence of bowel symptoms in patients treated with PPIs in Mexico. METHODS: Gastroenterologists in 36 cities surveyed patients treated with PPIs, utilizing an ad hoc questionnaire to determine the presence of bowel symptoms and IBS...
April 17, 2018: Revista de Gastroenterología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678182/general-anxiety-dental-anxiety-digit-sucking-caries-and-oral-hygiene-status-of-children-resident-in-a-semi-urban-population-in-nigeria
#6
Morenike O Folayan, Kikelomo A Kolawole, Nneka K Onyejaka, Hakeem O Agbaje, Nneka M Chukwumah, Titus A Oyedele
BACKGROUND: Digit sucking can represent untreated anxiety or other emotional problems. The aim of this study was to determine if digit sucking is a predictor of general anxiety and dental anxiety; and if general and dental anxiety are associated with caries and oral hygiene status of children resident in sub-urban Nigeria. METHODS: This was a secondary data analysis of a household survey conducted in Ile-Ife, Nigeria. The level of general anxiety and dental anxiety of 450 6 to12 year old children were measured using the Revised Child Manifest Anxiety Scale and Dental Subscale of the Child Fear Survey Schedule respectively...
April 20, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678007/an-mhealth-application-for-educating-and-monitoring-patients-treated-with-a-ketogenic-diet-regimen
#7
Elisa Maria Zini, Anna Tagliabue, Claudia Trentani, Cinzia Ferraris, Rosangela Boninsegna, Silvana Quaglini, Giordano Lanzola
Ketogenic Diet (KD) is a high-fat diet used to treat refractory epilepsy in patients, also including children. Because of the inherent differences with a balanced diet, patients starting KD face an abrupt switch of dietary habits. Moreover, KD is associated with several side effects that should be closely monitored. In this paper, we propose an mHealth application for training and empowering patients in managing KD. The application also acts as a bridge connecting patients with the health care staff for coaching and monitoring purposes...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677480/effect-of-healthy-and-unhealthy-habits-on-obesity-a-multicentric-study
#8
Mirta Crovetto, Macarena Valladares, Valentina Espinoza, Francisco Mena, Gloria Oñate, Macarena Fernandez, Samuel Durán-Agüero
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to characterize and compare eating patterns of university students in Chile, by sex and body weight, body mass index, and nutritional status. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. University students (n = 1454) of Chile were evaluated. A self-assessment survey was used to evaluate healthy eating habits using a questionnaire with values between 1 (do not consume) and 5 (consume) for a total of 9 to 45 points (higher values represent better eating habits)...
February 19, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677110/dietary-treatment-of-metabolic-acidosis-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#9
REVIEW
Roswitha Siener
Chronic kidney disease and reduced glomerular filtration rate are risk factors for the development of chronic metabolic acidosis. The prevention or correction of chronic metabolic acidosis has been found to slow progression of chronic kidney disease. Dietary composition can strongly affect acid⁻base balance. Major determinants of net endogenous acid production are the generation of large amounts of hydrogen ions, mostly by animal-derived protein, which is counterbalanced by the metabolism of base-producing foods like fruits and vegetables...
April 20, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676932/exoplanet-biosignatures-a-framework-for-their-assessment
#10
David C Catling, Joshua Krissansen-Totton, Nancy Y Kiang, David Crisp, Tyler D Robinson, Shiladitya DasSarma, Andrew J Rushby, Anthony Del Genio, William Bains, Shawn Domagal-Goldman
Finding life on exoplanets from telescopic observations is an ultimate goal of exoplanet science. Life produces gases and other substances, such as pigments, which can have distinct spectral or photometric signatures. Whether or not life is found with future data must be expressed with probabilities, requiring a framework of biosignature assessment. We present a framework in which we advocate using biogeochemical "Exo-Earth System" models to simulate potential biosignatures in spectra or photometry...
April 20, 2018: Astrobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676928/effect-of-reflexology-on-infantile-colic
#11
Sibel Icke, Rabia Genc
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the effect of reflexology on infantile colic. DESIGN: A total of 64 babies with colic were included in this study (n = 31: study group; n = 33: control group). Following a pediatrician's diagnosis, two groups (study and control) were created. Sociodemographic data (including mother's age, educational status, and smoking habits of parents) and medical history of the baby (including gender, birth weight, mode of delivery, time of the onset breastfeeding after birth, and nutrition style) were collected...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676497/longevity-of-ceramic-onlays-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Jaafar Abduo, Raelene Jo Sambrook
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aimed to evaluate the longevity of ceramic onlays and identify the factors that influence their survival. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic search was conducted through PubMed (MEDLINE), Google Scholar and Cochrane Library, up to August 2017. The literature search aimed to retrieve all the clinical studies on the longevity of ceramic onlays. Ceramic onlay was defined as any partial ceramic restoration that covers at least one cusp...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676297/realizing-modeling-and-mapping-tools-to-study-the-upsurge-of-noise-pollution-as-a-result-of-open-cast-mining-and-transportation-activities
#13
Satish K Lokhande, Mohindra C Jain, Satyajeet A Dhawale, Rakesh Gautam, Ghanshyam L Bodhe
Introduction: In open-cast mines, noise pollution has become a serious concern due to the extreme use of heavy earth moving machinery (HEMM). Materials and Methods: This study is focused to measure and assess the effects of the existing noise levels of major operational mines in the Keonjhar, Sundergadh, and Mayurbhanj districts of Odisha, India. The transportation noise levels were also considered in this study, which was predicted using the modified Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) model...
March 2018: Noise & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675892/dna-repair-protein-xpa-is-differentially-expressed-in-colorectal-cancer-and-predicts-better-prognosis
#14
Xue Feng, Jingwei Liu, Yuehua Gong, Kaihua Gou, Huaiwei Yang, Yuan Yuan, Chengzhong Xing
As an indispensable factor in DNA damage recognition step of nucleotide excision repair, XPA interacts with a series of proteins to initiate repair process. The expression characteristics of XPA in colorectal cancer (CRC) and its influence on CRC prognosis remain elusive. Tissue specimens of CRC and nontumor adjacent tissues from 283 patients were collected. XPA protein expressions were detected by immunohistochemistry staining. Nonparametric test was used to investigate the difference of XPA expression between CRC and nontumor adjacent tissues, as well as the correlation between XPA expression and clinicopathological parameters of CRC...
April 19, 2018: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675793/no-influence-of-smoking-status-on-the-performance-of-urine-markers-for-the-detection-of-bladder-cancer
#15
Susanne Deininger, J Hennenlotter, S Rausch, K Docktor, E Neumann, I A da Costa, J Bedke, A Stenzl, T Todenhöfer
PURPOSE: The performance of urinary markers for detecting bladder cancer (BC) is influenced by various factors. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the influence of smoking habits on the performance of four commonly used urine markers. METHODS: Urine samples of 723 patients with suspected BC were analysed using urine cytology, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), immunocytology (uCyt+ test), and quantitative nuclear matrix protein 22 (NMP22) immunoassay...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674673/proteomics-studies-on-the-three-larval-stages-of-development-and-metamorphosis-of-babylonia-areolata
#16
Minghui Shen, Guilan Di, Min Li, Jingqiang Fu, Qi Dai, Xiulian Miao, Miaoqin Huang, Weiwei You, Caihuan Ke
The ivory shell, Babylonia areolata, is a commercially important aquaculture species in the southeast coast of mainland China. The middle veliger stage, later veliger stage, and juvenile stage are distinct larval stages in B. areolata development. In this study, we used label-free quantification proteomics analysis of the three developmental stages of B. areolata. We identified a total of 5,583 proteins, of which 1,419 proteins expression level showed significant differential expression. The results of gene ontology enrichment analysis showed that the number of proteins involved in metabolic and cellular processes were the most abundant...
April 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674591/body-size-downgrading-of-mammals-over-the-late-quaternary
#17
Felisa A Smith, Rosemary E Elliott Smith, S Kathleen Lyons, Jonathan L Payne
Since the late Pleistocene, large-bodied mammals have been extirpated from much of Earth. Although all habitable continents once harbored giant mammals, the few remaining species are largely confined to Africa. This decline is coincident with the global expansion of hominins over the late Quaternary. Here, we quantify mammalian extinction selectivity, continental body size distributions, and taxonomic diversity over five time periods spanning the past 125,000 years and stretching approximately 200 years into the future...
April 20, 2018: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674273/the-potential-of-herb-medicines-in-the-treatment-of-esophageal-cancer
#18
REVIEW
Jie Ying, Miaomiao Zhang, Xiaoyan Qiu, Yu Lu
Esophageal cancer (EC) is one of common malignant neoplasms in the world. Due to dietary habits, environmental factors, stress and so on, larger numbers of person are diagnose with EC every year. Currently, the clinical treatment of EC mainly includes radiotherapy, chemotherapy, surgical resection alone or combined strategy. These treatment options are insufficient and often associated with a number of side effects. Medicinal herbs containing Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) have been used as an adjunct treatment for alleviating the side effects of chemotherapy or radiotherapy and for improving the quality of life of cancer patients...
April 16, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673929/sleep-disorders-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-insights-into-types-relationship-to-obesity-and-high-altitude-and-possible-lines-of-management
#19
REVIEW
Ahmed M Kabel, Amani M Al Thumali, Khayriah A Aldowiala, Raghad D Habib, Shoroq S Aljuaid, Huda A Alharthi
A sleep disorder is a medical disorder of the sleep pattern of a person that may be serious enough to interfere with normal physical, mental and emotional functioning. Disruptions in sleep can be caused by a variety of causes, from teeth grinding to night terrors. Sleep disorders are usually prevalent among adolescents and young adults, possibly due to factors related to life style, dietary habits, hormonal and emotional disturbances. Other factors that may precipitate sleep disorders include environmental, psychological and genetic factors...
April 11, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673925/diet-and-lifestyle-habits-association-with-cardiovascular-disease-indices-in-a-nigerian-sub-population
#20
Victor M Oguoma, Ezekiel U Nwose, Timothy C Skinner, Ross S Richards, Phillip T Bwititi
BACKGROUND: There is inadequate evidence regarding the pattern of unhealthy lifestyle behaviours in Nigeria hence the aim of this study was to assess the pattern of lifestyle-related habits that predispose to risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) indices in a Nigerian population. METHODS: A population-based cross-sectional study was carried out on 422 apparently healthy males and females ≥18 years old. The World Health Organisation (WHO) STEPwise questionnaire was used to collect information on tobacco use or smoking habits, alcohol consumption and dietary habits...
April 11, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
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