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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908820/dermatoses-caused-by-cultural-practices-cosmetic-cultural-practices
#1
REVIEW
Neelam A Vashi, Nicole Patzelt, Stephen Wirya, Mayra B C Maymone, Roopal V Kundu
The second article in this continuing medical education series discusses cosmetic practices associated with cultural dermatoses, including hair care, traditional clothing, and skin decorations. Often, the steps individuals take to enhance their physical appearance are determined by cultural perceptions of beauty. Without awareness of cultural practices, a multitude of cutaneous dermatoses may be missed by the dermatologist. Recognition and understanding of patients' cultural backgrounds and habits will allow the practicing dermatologist to offer better counseling and treatment options while providing a more meaningful and understanding physician-patient relationship...
July 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908365/the-optimal-viewing-position-effect-in-printed-versus-cursive-words-evidence-of-a-reading-cost-for-the-cursive-font
#2
Jérémy Danna, Delphine Massendari, Benjamin Furnari, Stéphanie Ducrot
Two eye-movement experiments were conducted to examine the effects of font type on the recognition of words presented in central vision, using a variable-viewing-position technique. Two main questions were addressed: (1) Is the optimal viewing position (OVP) for word recognition modulated by font type? (2) Is the cursive font more appropriate than the printed font in word recognition in children who exclusively write using a cursive script? In order to disentangle the role of perceptual difficulty associated with the cursive font and the impact of writing habits, we tested French adults (Experiment 1) and second-grade French children, the latter having exclusively learned to write in cursive (Experiment 2)...
June 13, 2018: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907352/corrigendum-to-mealtime-habits-and-meal-provision-are-associated-with-malnutrition-among-elderly-patients-admitted-to-hospital-clin-nutr-32-2-2013-281-288
#3
Lisa Söderström, Eva Thors Adolfsson, Andreas Rosenblad, Hanna Frid, Anja Saletti, Leif Bergkvist
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 8, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907257/social-influence-in-liver-fluke-transmission-application-of-social-network-analysis-of-food-sharing-in-thai-isaan-culture
#4
Waraphon Phimpraphai, Sirikachorn Tangkawattana, Suwicha Kasemsuwan, Banchob Sripa
In northeastern Thai (Isaan) culture traditional raw fish dishes and raw fish-eating habits are common. Eating and sharing meals together among the community's members, especially relatives and neighbours, are a common practice in both daily life and social gathering events. Fish are a significant protein source and are associated with variety of traditional recipes. Cyprinid fish are one of the most preferred fish by Isaan villagers for daily consumption because they are accessible and affordable. Consumption of these fish probably causes the persistence of high endemicity of human liver fluke infection, particularly with Opisthorchis viverrini, in northeast Thailand...
2018: Advances in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907241/eating-habits-and-behaviors-of-older-people-where-are-we-now-and-where-should-we-go
#5
REVIEW
Mary Yannakoulia, Eirini Mamalaki, Costas A Anastasiou, Niki Mourtzi, Irene Lambrinoudaki, Nikolaos Scarmeas
Nutrition is a modifiable factor affecting the quality of life and independence of older people. The physiological, psychological and social changes during aging affect their dietary choices. Many older adults have inadequate energy and protein intake. Carbohydrate intake and intake of total lipids, in terms of contribution to total energy intake, generally are within the recommended levels, but a decline in overall energy intake as well as the limited variety of micronutrient-dense foods that older people tend to consume result in an inadequate intake of several micronutrients...
August 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906403/the-association-between-whey-protein-regional-fat-mass-and-strength-in-resistance-trained-men-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Ana Batista, Cristina P Monteiro, Rute Borrego, Catarina N Matias, Filipe J Teixeira, Maria João Valamatos, Ana Cláudia Oliveira, Joana F Reis, Lino Mendes, Luís B Sardinha
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between whey protein supplementation, body composition and muscle strength, in resistance-trained individuals. Forty-nine healthy males, aged 18 to 35 years that were engaged in resistance training for at least one year, were assigned into two groups according to whey protein intake (Whey: n=26, 30.7 ± 7.4 yr, 75.8 ± 9.0 kg; WithoutWhey: n=23, 31.0 ± 7.4 yr, 77.9 ± 9.3 kg). Using a cross-sectional design, a morning assessment of body fat mass (FM) (by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry) and strength (using 1RM for bench press and back squat) was performed...
June 15, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905595/radiation-doses-from-the-norwegian-diet
#7
Mari Komperød, Lavrans Skuterud
Ingestion doses between and within countries are expected to vary significantly due to differences in dietary habits and geographical variations in radionuclide concentrations. This paper presents the most comprehensive assessment to date of the effective radiation dose from the Norwegian diet, from natural as well as anthropogenic radionuclides. Ingestion doses to the Norwegian public are calculated using national dietary statistics and the most relevant radionuclide concentration data for the various food products...
June 13, 2018: Health Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905489/assisted-reproductive-technology-comorbidities-and-cardiovascular-risk-the-experience-of-an-italian-center
#8
Cinzia Fatini, Michela Cirillo, Maria Elisabetta Coccia
BACKGROUND: A growing number of infertile women undergo assisted reproductive technology (ART). Older maternal age and the presence of comorbidities may affect cardiovascular (CV) women health. Safety aspects are central in risk assessment; we report the experience of internal medicine clinical setting at the ART center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: we investigated 243 infertile women (110 autologous and 133 oocyte donation [OD]); cardiometabolic parameters and CV risk factors were investigated during the clinical evaluation...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904628/longitudinal-walking-analysis-in-hemiparetic-patients-using-wearable-motion-sensors-is-there-convergence-between-body-sides
#9
Adrian Derungs, Corina Schuster-Amft, Oliver Amft
Background: Longitudinal movement parameter analysis of hemiparetic patients over several months could reveal potential recovery trends and help clinicians adapting therapy strategies to maximize recovery outcome. Wearable sensors offer potential for day-long movement recordings in realistic rehabilitation settings including activities of daily living, e.g., walking. The measurement of walking-related movement parameters of affected and non-affected body sides are of interest to determine mobility and investigate recovery trends...
2018: Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904551/curricular-activities-that-promote-metacognitive-skills-impact-lower-performing-students-in-an-introductory-biology-course
#10
Nathan V Dang, Jacob C Chiang, Heather M Brown, Kelly K McDonald
This study explores the impacts of repeated curricular activities designed to promote metacognitive skills development and academic achievement on students in an introductory biology course. Prior to this study, the course curriculum was enhanced with pre-assignments containing comprehension monitoring and self-evaluation questions, exam review assignments with reflective questions related to study habits, and an optional opportunity for students to explore metacognition and deep versus surface learning. We used a mixed-methods study design and collected data over two semesters...
2018: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904033/influence-of-health-behaviors-and-occupational-stress-on-prediabetic-state-among-male-office-workers
#11
Hosihn Ryu, Jihyeon Moon, Jiyeon Jung
This study examined the influence of health behaviors and occupational stress on the prediabetic state of male office workers, and identified related risks and influencing factors. The study used a cross-sectional design and performed an integrative analysis on data from regular health checkups, health questionnaires, and a health behavior-related survey of employees of a company, using Spearman’s correlation coefficients and multiple logistic regression analysis. The results showed significant relationships of prediabetic state with health behaviors and occupational stress...
June 14, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903797/association-between-sleep-duration-and-stroke-prevalence-in-korean-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Min-Young Kim, Seunghoon Lee, You Ho Myong, Yoon Jae Lee, Me-Riong Kim, Joon-Shik Shin, Jinho Lee, In-Hyuk Ha
OBJECTIVES: Although sleep, chronic disease and its related mortality are extensively studied areas, the association between stroke and sleep duration is relatively unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between long and short sleep duration and stroke prevalence. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Adult surveyees (aged ≥19 years) who answered items relating to sleep duration and stroke in the 2010-2014 Korean National Health and Nutrition Surveys (n=17 601)...
June 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903525/impacts-of-self-management-education-on-glycaemic-control-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#13
Deldar Morad Abdulah, Alan Bapeer Hassan, Farsat Saeed Saadi, Ary Habeeb Mohammed
OBJECTIVES: Dietary and physical activity advice have been considered to be seminal ingredients in prevention and management of type 2 diabetes mellitus. In this regard, the impacts of a three-month self-management intervention on glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes were examined in the present study. STUDY DESIGN: A Double-arm post-test intervention study. METHODS: In the current post-test intervention study, three two-hour educational sessions on dietary habits and physical activity designed according to Health Belief Model were presented to 16 non-complicated type 2 diabetic patients and their dietary, physical activities, and biochemical outcomes were compared to a 23 patient-control arm in Iraq in 2017...
June 7, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903303/-an-intervention-study-of-college-student-dietary-behavior-based-on-the-health-action-process-approach
#14
Chichen Zhang, Xiao Zheng, Huining Zhao, Chunhui Su, Zhiguang Duan, Jianzhong Zheng
OBJECTIVE: To carry out a stage-matched intervention study on dietary behavior based on the Health Action Process Approach( HAPA), in order to verify the effectiveness of the intervention on improving the dietary behavior of college students. METHODS: The study recruited 184 medical university 's students who were admitted between 2013 and 2015 from Shanxi, including 37 males and 147 females to participate the intervention of dietary behavioral based on HAPA from October 2015 to May 2016 by method of random sampling...
September 2017: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903200/-interaction-between-alcohol-drinking-and-other-factors-of-lifestyles-on-the-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#15
Song Xue, Min Mu, Wenyue Li, Kehong Fang, Jie Shang, Kai Liu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the interaction between alcohol-drinking and other factors of lifestyles on the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus( T2 DM). METHODS: From June2015 to February 2016, 320 patients diagnosed with T2 DM in Huainan Eastern Hospital and 640 healthy cases at the same time in local medical examination center were randomlychosen to carry out the investigation, the differences between the two groups about demography, alcohol-drinking, smoking, physical activities and dietary habits were compared...
November 2017: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903195/-fatty-acid-desaturase-1-polymorphism-marine-fish-oil-intake-and-the-risk-of-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-case-control-study
#16
Fa Chen, Lin Chen, Lingjun Yan, Tingting Chen, Fengqiong Liu, Yu Qiu, Junfeng Wu, Xiaodan Bao, Xiaoyan Zheng, Zhijian Hu, Zheng Lin, Lin Cai, Lisong Lin, Baochang He
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the independent and joint effects of FADS1 polymorphism and fish oil intake on oral squamous cell carcinoma( OSCC). METHODS: A case-control study was conducted with 259 newly diagnosed primary OSCC patients and538 controls frequency-matched by sex and age in Fujian from September 2010 to September 2014. Data on demographics and dietary habits such as marine fish oil intake were collected using a structure questionnaire. FADS1 rs174549 genotype was determined using Taq Man genotyping assays...
November 2017: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903194/-effect-factors-of-the-prevalence-of-thyroid-nodules-in-zhejiang-province-in-2010
#17
Zhe Mo, Guangming Mao, Wenming Zhu, Xiaofeng Wang, Xiaoming Lou, Gangqiang Ding
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of thyroid nodules and explore the risk factors for thyroid nodules among the community residents in Zhejiang Province. METHODS: The residents of twenty-two communities in Zhejiang Province were selectedwith stratified cluster sampling. The cross-sectional survey includes questionnaire, examination on thyroid. The prevalence and related factors of thyroid nodules was described, and the possible risk factors for thyroid nodules was analyzed with logistic regression...
November 2017: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902983/health-providers-pass-knowledge-and-abilities-acquired-by-training-in-obstetric-emergencies-to-their-peers-the-average-treatment-on-the-treated-effect-of-pronto-on-delivery-attendance-in-mexico
#18
Jimena Fritz, Héctor Lamadrid-Figueroa, Gustavo Angeles, Alejandra Montoya, Dilys Walker
BACKGROUND: A significant proportion of newborn and maternal deaths can be prevented through simple and cost-effective strategies. The main aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of the PRONTO obstetric-emergency management training for improving evidence-based birth attendance practices among providers attending the training at 12 hospitals in three states of Mexico from 2010 to 2012, and to estimate dissemination of the training within the hospitals. METHODS: The average treatment on the treated effect of the PRONTO intervention for the probability of performing certain practices during birth attendance was estimated in a sample of 310 health providers...
June 15, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902971/genetic-dissection-and-fine-mapping-of-a-novel-dt-gene-associated-with-determinate-growth-habit-in-sesame
#19
Yanxin Zhang, Linhai Wang, Yuan Gao, Donghua Li, Jingyin Yu, Rong Zhou, Xiurong Zhang
BACKGROUND: As an important oil crop, growth habit of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) is naturally indeterminate, which brings about asynchronous maturity of capsules and causes loss of yield. RESULTS: The genetic basis of determinate growth habit in sesame was investigated by classical genetic analysis through multiple populations, results revealed that it was controlled by an unique recessive gene. The genotyping by sequencing (GBS) approach was employed for high-throughput SNP identification and genotyping in the F2 population, then a high density bin map was constructed, the map was 1086...
June 14, 2018: BMC Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902073/the-effect-of-secondary-cigarette-smoke-from-household-members-on-breastfeeding-duration-a-prospective-cohort-study
#20
Kris Y W Lok, Man Ping Wang, Vincci H S Chan, Marie Tarrant
OBJECTIVE: Maternal smoking and exposure to tobacco smoke is one modifiable risk factor that affects breastfeeding initiation and duration. We prospectively examine the effects of maternal and paternal smoking and other family members' smoking status on the duration of breastfeeding. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cohort of 1,277 mother-infant pairs admitted to the postpartum units of four major public hospitals in Hong Kong. Demographic data, maternal, paternal and household smoking habits, and other potential confounding variables were collected via self-reported questionnaires during the postnatal hospitalization...
June 14, 2018: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
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