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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475130/the-influence-of-winter-and-summer-seasons-on-physical-fitness-in-aged-population
#1
P Bezerra, Luis P Rodrigues, C Ayan, J M Cancela
Epidemiological studies have described the association between physical fitness and health. Few have reported the impact of seasonal variation on fitness determinants, in elderly. We investigated the effects of summer and winter environmental conditions on physical fitness, in both exercise and non-exercise elders. 371 non-institutionalized older adults (74.1% female; 78.4 ± 5.3 years) randomly recruited from a total sample of 1338 subjects from north of Portugal, were prospectively followed during 1 year and 3 assessments were performed - April (baseline), October (summer season) and April (winter season)...
February 15, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474972/risk-factors-for-fecal-urgency-among-individuals-with-and-without-diarrhea-based-on-data-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#2
Vikram Rangan, Shuji Mitsuhashi, Prashant Singh, Sarah Ballou, William Hirsch, Thomas Sommers, Judy Nee, Johanna Iturrino, Anthony Lembo
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Fecal urgency is a common symptom among patients with gastrointestinal disorders, but can also occur in healthy individuals with normal bowel habits. There have been few studies of fecal urgency in the general population. We performed a cross-sectional analysis of data from the National Health and Nurition Examination Survey (NHANES) to analyze the prevalence of and risk factors for this symptom. METHODS: We analyzed data from 4,676 persons who completed the Bowel Health Questionnaire from the NHANES, from 2009 through 2010...
February 20, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474850/lack-of-interest-in-physical-activity-individual-and-environmental-attributes-in-adults-across-europe-the-spotlight-project
#3
Eliana V Carraça, Joreintje D Mackenbach, Jeroen Lakerveld, Harry Rutter, Jean-Michel Oppert, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Sofie Compernolle, Célina Roda, Helga Bardos, Pedro J Teixeira
A considerable proportion of European adults report little or no interest in physical activity. Identifying individual-level and environmental-level characteristics of these individuals can help designing effective interventions and policies to promote physical activity. This cross-sectional study additionally explored associations between level of interest and physical activity, after controlling for other individual and environmental variables. Measures of objective and perceived features of the physical environment of residence, self-reported physical activity and other lifestyle behaviors, barriers towards physical activity, general health, and demographics were obtained from 5205 European adults participating in the 2014 online SPOTLIGHT survey...
February 20, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474838/time-allocation-and-dietary-habits-in-the-united-states-time-for-re-evaluation
#4
Barbara H Fiese
In this non-exhaustive narrative review, time allocation and its relation to dietary habits are discussed. Drawing from reports relying on time use surveys, the amount of time dedicated to cooking and dining is found to be associated with health outcomes such as BMI and cardiovascular risk. Important modifiers include gender, race, ethnicity and household income. Perception of time intensity is also discussed. Individuals who perceive time pressure or strain may be less likely to engage in healthy food related activities and be at greater risk for poor health outcomes...
February 20, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474700/content-analysis-of-twitter-chatter-about-indoor-tanning
#5
Molly E Waring, Katie Baker, Anthony Peluso, Christine N May, Sherry L Pagoto
Twitter may be useful for learning about indoor tanning behavior and attitudes. The objective of this study was to analyze the content of tweets about indoor tanning to determine the extent to which tweets are posted by people who tan, and to characterize the topics of tweets. We extracted 4,691 unique tweets from Twitter using the terms "tanning bed" or "tanning salon" over 7 days in March 2016. We content analyzed a random selection of 1,000 tweets, double-coding 20% of tweets (κ = 0...
February 21, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473902/advances-in-residential-design-related-to-the-influence-of-geomagnetism
#6
Francisco Glaria, Israel Arnedo, Ana Sánchez-Ostiz
Since the origin of the Modern Movement, there has been a basic commitment to improving housing conditions and the well-being of occupants, especially given the prediction that 2/3 of humanity will reside in cities by 2050. Moreover, a compact model of the city with tall buildings and urban densification at this scale will be generated. Continuous constructive and technological advances have developed solid foundations on safety, energy efficiency, habitability, and sustainability in housing design. However, studies on improving the quality of life in these areas continue to be a challenge for architects and engineers...
February 23, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473894/health-and-taste-related-attitudes-associated-with-dietary-patterns-in-a-representative-sample-of-polish-girls-and-young-women-a-cross-sectional-study-gebahealth-project
#7
Joanna Kowalkowska, Marta Lonnie, Lidia Wadolowska, Jolanta Czarnocinska, Marzena Jezewska-Zychowicz, Ewa Babicz-Zielinska
Attitudes can be predictors of certain health-related behaviours. The attitudes of young females towards health and taste have not been yet fully examined and their associations with dietary behaviours remain unclear. The aim of the study was to investigate if attitudes are associated with dietary patterns in a representative sample of Polish girls. The study population consisted of 1107 girls, aged 13-21 and living in Poland. Attitudes were assessed using the Health and Taste Attitudes Scale (HTAS) and categorised as negative, neutral or positive...
February 23, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473518/management-of-measurable-variable-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors
#8
Sonja Francula Zaninovic, Iskra A Nola
AIM: To summarize the main findings on variable cardiovascular risk factors and their management in everyday practice. METHODS: A narrative review of the relevant literature known to the authors and incorporation of healthy changes tips in defined variable cardiovascular risk factors. RESULTS: There are known variable cardiovascular risk factors to be claimed as those that should be changed in order to achieve a better prevention of cardiovascular disease development...
February 21, 2018: Current Cardiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473372/risk-factors-for-benign-prostatic-enlargement-the-role-of-lifestyle-habits-at-younger-age-the-controllati2017-initiative-study-group
#9
Vincenzo Mirone, Giuseppe Carrieri, Giuseppe Morgia, Luca Carmignani, Giuseppe Vespasiani, Fabio Parazzini, Walter Artibani
OBJECTIVE: The risk factors for benign prostatic enlargement (BPE) are not well understood and particularly few data are available from Italian population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was an observational cross sectional study aimed to examine the association between several risk factors and BPE. During the "#Controllati2017" initiative, men aged 18 years or more were invited to attend participating urologic centers for a free of charge visit for counseling about urologic or andrologic conditions...
December 31, 2017: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473286/colony-formation-in-the-cyanobacterium-microcystis
#10
Man Xiao, Ming Li, Colin S Reynolds
Morphological evolution from a unicellular to multicellular state provides greater opportunities for organisms to attain larger and more complex living forms. As the most common freshwater cyanobacterial genus, Microcystis is a unicellular microorganism, with high phenotypic plasticity, which forms colonies and blooms in lakes and reservoirs worldwide. We conducted a systematic review of field studies from the 1990s to 2017 where Microcystis was dominant. Microcystis was detected as the dominant genus in waterbodies from temperate to subtropical and tropical zones...
February 22, 2018: Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473110/finger-counting-habits-not-finger-movements-predict-simple-arithmetic-problem-solving
#11
Kyle Morrissey, Darcy Hallett, Rutanya Wynes, Jingmei Kang, Ming Han
Previous research in embodied mathematical cognition has found differences between those who start counting on their left hand and those who start counting on the right hand. However, if starting hand is a finger-embodied effect, then finger-specific interference may affect these differences between left and right starters. Furthermore, cultures that demonstrate different finger-counting habits may also be differently affected by this interference. In the current study, a total of 66 Canadians and 60 Chinese participants completed a single/dual-task paradigm and were also assessed on their starting hand for counting...
February 23, 2018: Psychological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473098/ischemic-heart-disease-and-ankylosing-spondylitis-assessing-the-role-of-inflammation
#12
Michal Vinker Shuster, Omer Gendelman, Shmuel Tiosano, Doron Comaneshter, Arnon D Cohen, Howard Amital
To assess the association of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and ischemic heart disease (IHD) compared to traditional cardiovascular (CV) risk factors. Primary care and hospital records of patients with AS were analyzed, using the largest health maintenance organization in Israel, the "Clalit" Health Services data. These patients were compared with age- and gender-matched controls regarding the proportion of IHD in a cross-sectional study. Parameters including socioeconomic status, body mass index (BMI), smoking habits, and coexistent medical conditions hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and diabetes mellitus (DM) - as well as the use of NSAIDs and anti-TNFs were also assessed...
February 22, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472950/psycho-socio-cultural-determinants-of-food-choice-a-qualitative-study-on-adults-in-social-and-cultural-context-of-iran
#13
Arezoo Haghighian Roudsari, Abouali Vedadhir, Parisa Amiri, Naser Kalantari, Nasrin Omidvar, Hassan Eini-Zinab, Seyed Mohammad Hani Sadati
Objective: Food choice is a process through which people think, feel, and eat food. It does not only influence individuals' health and well-being, families and communities, but also it has an effect on regional, national, and global levels. This qualitative study was conducted to explore perceptions and lived experiences of Tehran adult residents on psychological, social and cultural determinants of food choice. Method: In this qualitative design, we recruited 33 adults aged 30 to 64 years from various districts of Tehran, capital of Iran, and we explored how people make decisions about food choice in practice and shape their perception, attitude, and eating practices...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472047/prevalence-estimation-and-familial-tendency-of-common-forefoot-deformities-in-turkey-a-survey-of-2662-adults
#14
Uğur Şaylı, Elif Çiğdem Altunok, Melih Güven, Budak Akman, Jnev Biros, Ayşe Şaylı
OBJECTIVE: This survey was designed to evaluate the prevalence estimations of HV, bunionette, hammertoe as well as their relations to shoe wearing and also familial tendency, in Turkey. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two thousand six hundred sixty two volunteers (1615 females and 1047 males) with a mean age of 34.15 ± 14.23 (range; 18 to 96) years were asked to answer the predetermined questionnaire between January and June, 2016. Hallux valgus, hammertoe and bunionette images were provided as references and every adult participant without any known forefoot problems or past forefoot surgery history was asked to rate his/her foot and to respond the questions about family history and shoe wearing habits...
February 19, 2018: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471999/make-radiation-protection-a-habit
#15
Donald L Miller
This review describes the basic concepts and methods for optimization of occupational dose in the interventional suite. In fluoroscopy, the source of virtually all radiation exposure to the operator is scattered radiation from the patient. All other things being equal, reducing patient radiation dose will reduce operator and staff dose. Most tools and methods of occupational radiation protection are entirely operator dependent. These methods must be used routinely and properly to be effective. Your occupational dose depends on how well you follow good radiation protection practices and on the kinds of procedures you do...
March 2018: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471517/the-role-of-the-ground-glass-opacity-ratio-in-resected-lung-adenocarcinoma
#16
Tsai-Wang Huang, Kuan-Hsun Lin, Hsu-Kai Huang, Yi-I Chen, Kai-Hsiung Ko, Cheng-Kuang Chang, Hsian-He Hsu, Hung Chang, Shih-Chun Lee
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to investigate the role of the ground-glass opacity (GGO) ratio in lung adenocarcinoma in predicting surgical outcomes. METHODS: Patients who underwent surgical resection for pulmonary adenocarcinoma between January 2004 and December 2013 were reviewed. The clinical data, imaging characteristics of nodules, surgical approaches and outcomes were analysed with a mean follow-up of 87 months. RESULTS: Of 789 enrolled patients, 267 cases were categorized as having a GGO ratio ≥0...
February 19, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471427/health-and-work-in-women-and-men-in-the-welding-and-electrical-trades-how-do-they-differ
#17
Nicola Cherry, Victoria Arrandale, Jeremy Beach, Jean-Michel F Galarneau, Antonia Mannette, Laura Rodgers
Objectives: There is little information on how work tasks, demands, and exposures differ between women and men in nominally the same job. This is critical in setting workplace standards that will protect the health of both men and those women moving into less traditional work roles. Information used in setting standards is currently based almost entirely on male workers. This paper describes differences in work and health, and the relation between them, in women and men who have undergone the same trade training for the welding or electrical trades...
February 17, 2018: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471069/what-s-technology-cooking-up-a-systematic-review-of-the-use-of-technology-in-adolescent-food-literary-programs
#18
REVIEW
Catherine A Wickham, Elena T Carbone
Over one-third of adolescents are overweight or obese. Food literacy (FL), the ability to plan and manage, select, prepare, and eat healthy foods, is a contemporary concept that provides a mechanism to understand the relationship between food-related knowledge and skills and dietary intake. Innovative interventions which focus on the core concepts of FL and include generationally appropriate technology have the potential to provide positive impact on the dietary habits of adolescents. This systematic review followed PRISMA guidelines and employed the Downs and Black criteria for rating studies...
February 19, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470775/influence-of-body-mass-index-in-anti-m%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-levels-in-951-non-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome-women-followed-at-a-reproductive-medicine-unit
#19
Joana Simões-Pereira, Joaquim Nunes, Ana Aguiar, Sandra Sousa, Cátia Rodrigues, Joaquim Sampaio Matias, Carlos Calhaz-Jorge
PURPOSE: Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) is a useful marker of ovarian reserve. Obesity/overweight are increasing and may affect the reproductive health. Previous studies regarding the effect of body mass index (BMI) on AMH levels are discordant. Our main goal was to evaluate the influence of BMI on AMH levels in women without polycystic ovarian syndrome. METHODS: Revision of medical records of 951 women who performed AMH determinations as part of their fertility workup, between 2011 and 2016...
February 22, 2018: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469714/risky-business-behaviors-associated-with-indoor-tanning-in-us-high-school-students
#20
Stephanie Chapman, Kurt Ashack, Eric Bell, Myra Ann Sendelweck, Robert Dellavalle
BACKGROUND: Understanding of associations between indoor tanning and risky health related behaviors such as sexual activity and substance abuse among high school students across the United States is incomplete. OBJECTIVE: To identify risky health related behaviors among high school students utilizing indoor tanning and analyze differences between state specific data. METHODS: Results from the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) 2013 in 14 different states were analyzed...
September 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
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