keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Gait and balance

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532417/instrumented-balance-and-walking-assessments-in-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis-show-strong-test-retest-reliability
#1
Jordan J Craig, Adam P Bruetsch, Sharon G Lynch, Fay B Horak, Jessie M Huisinga
BACKGROUND: There is a need for objective movement assessment for clinical research trials aimed at improving gait and balance in persons with multiple sclerosis (PwMS). Wireless inertial sensors can accurately measure numerous walking and balance parameters but these measures require evaluation of reliability in PwMS. The current study determined the test-retest reliability of wireless inertial sensor measures obtained during an instrumented standing balance test and an instrumented Timed Up and Go test in PwMS...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527234/impaired-postural-balance-correlates-with-complex-walking-performance-in-mildly-disabled-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis
#2
John Brincks, Elisabeth Due Andersen, Henrik Sørensen, Ulrik Dalgas
BACKGROUND: It is relevant to understand the possible influence of impaired postural balance on walking performance in multiple sclerosis (MS) gait rehabilitation. OBJECTIVE: We expected associations between impaired postural balance and complex walking performance in mildly disabled persons with MS, but not in healthy controls. METHODS: Thirteen persons with MS (Expanded Disability Status Scale = 2.5) and 13 healthy controls' walking performance were measured at fast walking speed, Timed Up & Go and Timed 25 Feet Walking...
May 13, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526584/a-simple-algorithm-to-predict-falls-in-primary-care-patients-aged-65-to-74%C3%A2-years-the-international-mobility-in-aging-study
#3
Fernando Gomez, Yan Yan Wu, Mohammad Auais, Afshin Vafaei, Maria-Victoria Zunzunegui
OBJECTIVE: Primary care practitioners need simple algorithms to identify older adults at higher risks of falling. Classification and regression tree (CaRT) analyses are useful tools for identification of clinical predictors of falls. DESIGN: Prospective cohort. SETTING: Community-dwelling older adults at 5 diverse sites: Tirana (Albania), Natal (Brazil), Manizales (Colombia), Kingston (Ontario, Canada), and Saint-Hyacinthe (Quebec, Canada)...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523357/lesion-location-associated-with-balance-recovery-and-gait-velocity-change-after-rehabilitation-in-stroke-patients
#4
Hyun Im Moon, Hyo Jeong Lee, Seo Yeon Yoon
PURPOSE: Impaired gait function after stroke contributes strongly to overall patient disability. However, the response to rehabilitation varies between individuals. The aims of this study were to identify predictors of gait velocity change and to elucidate lesion location associated with change of balance and gait function. METHODS: We reviewed 102 stroke patients. The patients were divided into two groups according to gait ability post-rehabilitation, and we analyzed differences in their characteristics, such as demographic information, lesion factors, and initial balance function...
May 18, 2017: Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521148/dual-task-interference-on-postural-sway-postural-transitions-and-gait-in-people-with-parkinson-s-disease-and-freezing-of-gait
#5
Ana Claudia de Souza Fortaleza, Martina Mancini, Patty Carlson-Kuhta, Laurie A King, John G Nutt, Eliane Ferrari Chagas, Ismael Forte Freitas, Fay B Horak
Freezing of gait (FoG) is associated with less automatic gait and more impaired cognition, balance and postural transitions compared to people with PD who do not have FoG. However, it is unknown whether dual-task cost during postural sway, postural transitions (such as gait initiation and turning), and gait are more in subjects with Parkinson's disease (PD) who have freezing of gait (FoG+) compared to those who do not have FoG (FoG-). Here, we hypothesized that the effects of a cognitive dual task on postural sway, postural transitions and gait would be larger in FoG+ than FoG-...
May 10, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515555/quantitative-balance-and-gait-measurement-in-patients-with-frontotemporal-dementia-and-alzheimer-diseases-a-pilot-study
#6
Selva Ganapathy Velayutham, Sadanandavalli Retnaswami Chandra, Srikala Bharath, Ravi Girikamatha Shankar
INTRODUCTION: Alzhiemers disease and Frontotemporal dementia are common neurodegenerative dementias with a wide prevalence. Falls are a common cause of morbidity in these patients. Identifying subclinical involvement of these parameters might serve as a tool in differential analysis of these distinct parameters involved in these conditions and also help in planning preventive strategies to prevent falls. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eight patients in age and gender matched patients in each group were compared with normal controls...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507630/relationship-between-gait-parameters-and-postural-stability-in-early-and-late-parkinson-s-disease-and-visual-feedback-based-balance-training-effects
#7
Mohieldin M Ahmed, Douaa M Mosalem, Aziz K Alfeeli, Ayyoub B Baqer, Doaa Youssry Soliman
BACKGROUND: Gait disorders or postural instability has been done before. However, lack of reviews has addressed the relation between gait and postural stability in Parkinson's disease (PD). AIM: The aim was to evaluate the relation between gait parameters and postural stability in early and late stages of PD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The forty-one idiopathic PD patients were divided into two groups into a group (A) considered as early PD and group (B) considered as late ambulant PD...
April 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506302/quantification-of-gait-in-mitochondrial-m-3243a%C3%A2-%C3%A2-g-patients-a-validation-study
#8
Rob Ramakers, Saskia Koene, Jan T Groothuis, Paul de Laat, Mirian Ch Janssen, Jan Smeitink
BACKGROUND: More than half of the patients harbouring the m.3243A > G mutation were found to have trouble maintaining balance when walking in a recent study by our group. Others demonstrated that these patients had an abnormal gait pattern, as quantified by gait analysis. Gait analysis is an emerging method to quantify subtle changes in walking pattern, also during therapeutic interventions. Therefore, we aimed to test the reliability and reproducibility of gait analysis and select the most suitable protocol for this group of patients using a GAITRite electronic walkway...
May 15, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505994/effect-of-three-dimensional-spine-stabilization-exercise-on-trunk-muscle-strength-and-gait-ability-in-chronic-stroke-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Sung-Jun Moon, Tae-Ho Kim
BACKGROUND: Three-dimensional spine stabilization exercise can strengthen the trunk muscles with minimal spine movement. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of the newly developed Spine Balance three-dimensional (3D) system on trunk strength and gait abilities of chronic stroke patients. METHODS: Twenty-four chronic stroke patients were randomly assigned to an experimental (n = 12) or control group (n = 12). The experimental and control groups performed spine stabilization exercise by using the newly developed Spine Balance 3D system and the well-known Bridge exercise thrice a week for 30 min per day for 7 weeks...
May 11, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505988/intensive-seated-robotic-training-of-the-ankle-in-patients-with-chronic-stroke-differentially-improves-gait
#10
Johanna L Chang, Regina Y Lin, Maira Saul, Philip J Koch, Hermano Igo Krebs, Bruce T Volpe
BACKGROUND: Robotic driven treatment plans targeting isolated joints of the upper limb have improved the sensorimotor condition of patients with stroke. Similar intensive efforts to allay lower limb gait impairment have not been so successful. In patients with stroke, targeted robot assisted training of the ankle joint, in a seated position, has demonstrated significant alterations in ankle stiffness and foot-ankle orientation at foot strike which may provide a new treatment option for gait impairment...
May 10, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503533/effect-of-core-strengthening-with-pelvic-proprioceptive-neuromuscular-facilitation-on-trunk-balance-gait-and-function-in-chronic-stroke
#11
Vishal Sharma, Jaskirat Kaur
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of core strengthening combined with pelvic proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) on trunk impairment, balance, gait, and functional ability of chronic stroke patients. Twenty-three participants with chronic stroke were recruited and randomly allocated to one of the two groups: core strengthening combined with pelvic PNF (group 1, n=13), and pelvic PNF with trunk flexibility exercises (group 2, n=10). Intervention was given to both groups for 60 min per session 5 times per week for 4 weeks...
April 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503449/feasibility-of-rehabilitation-training-with-a-newly-developed-portable-gait-assistive-robot-for-balance-function-in-hemiplegic-patients
#12
Junhyun Sung, Sehoon Choi, Hyunbae Kim, Gyuhan Lee, Changsoo Han, Younghoon Ji, Dongbin Shin, Seunghoon Hwang, Deokwon Yun, Hyeyoun Jang, Mi Jung Kim
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical feasibility of a newly developed, portable, gait assistive robot (WA-H, 'walking assist for hemiplegia') for improving the balance function of patients with stroke-induced hemiplegia. METHODS: Thirteen patients underwent 12 weeks of gait training on the treadmill while wearing WA-H for 30 minutes per day, 4 days a week. Patients' balance function was evaluated by the Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Fugl-Meyer Assessment Scale (FMAS), Timed Up and Go Test (TUGT), and Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) before and after 6 and 12 weeks of training...
April 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503144/rigid-ankle-foot-orthosis-deteriorates-mediolateral-balance-control-and-vertical-braking-during-gait-initiation
#13
Arnaud Delafontaine, Olivier Gagey, Silvia Colnaghi, Manh-Cuong Do, Jean-Louis Honeine
Rigid ankle-foot orthoses (AFO) are commonly used for impeding foot drop during the swing phase of gait. They also reduce pain and improve gait kinematics in patients with weakness or loss of integrity of ankle-foot complex structures due to various pathological conditions. However, this comes at the price of constraining ankle joint mobility, which might affect propulsive force generation and balance control. The present study examined the effects of wearing an AFO on biomechanical variables and electromyographic activity of tibialis anterior (TA) and soleus muscles during gait initiation (GI)...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493067/visuotactile-interaction-even-in-far-sagittal-space-in-older-adults-with-decreased-gait-and-balance-functions
#14
Wataru Teramoto, Keito Honda, Kento Furuta, Kaoru Sekiyama
Spatial proximity of signals from different sensory modalities is known to be a crucial factor in facilitating efficient multisensory processing in young adults. However, recent studies have demonstrated that older adults exhibit strong visuotactile interactions even when the visual stimuli were presented in a spatially disparate position from a tactile stimulus. This suggests that visuotactile peripersonal space differs between older and younger adults. In the present study, we investigated to what extent peripersonal space expands in the sagittal direction and whether this expansion was linked to the decline in sensorimotor functions in older adults...
May 10, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492862/establishing-baseline-normative-values-for-the-child-sport-concussion-assessment-tool
#15
M Alison Brooks, Traci R Snedden, Benjamin Mixis, Scott Hetzel, Timothy A McGuine
Importance: The Child Sport Concussion Assessment Tool (SCAT3) is a postconcussion sideline assessment tool measuring symptoms, cognition, and balance in preadolescent children. Minimal normative baseline data exist to aid decision making in clinical and athletic settings. Objective: To collect normative baseline data for the Child SCAT3 in a large cohort of young athletes. Design, Setting, and Participants: A cross-sectional study was conducted from May 31 to August 12, 2014, at various sporting events (basketball, soccer, baseball, and swimming) in Central Wisconsin among children 5 to 13 years of age who were English-speaking and did not report a lower leg injury within the past 2 months or a concussion within the past month...
May 8, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485643/effects-of-line-dancing-on-physical-function-and-perceived-limitation-in-older-adults-with-self-reported-mobility-limitations
#16
Crystal G Bennett, Madeleine E Hackney
INTRODUCTION: Older adults with mobility limitations are at greater risk for aging-related declines in physical function. Line dancing is a popular form of exercise that can be modified, and is thus feasible for older adults with mobility limitations. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of 8 weeks of line dancing on balance, muscle strength, lower extremity function, endurance, gait speed, and perceived mobility limitations. METHODS: An experimental design randomly assigned older adults to either an 8-week line dancing or usual care group...
February 25, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482740/effects-of-three-different-chair-based-exercise-programs-on-people-over-80-years-old
#17
José Cancela, Estrella Pallin, Ander Orbegozo, Carlos Ayán
This study aimed at comparing the effects of three chair-based exercise programs on people over 80 years. Thirty-six participants (87.91 ± 4.70 years) were randomly allocated to an elastic-band, pedal exerciser or range of motion exercise program. The participants exercised three days per week during three months. A hand-held dynamometer, the Tinetti Gait Balance, the Barthel Index and the Timed Up & Go tests (assessed by means of the Wiva® science sensor) were used to evaluate the effects of the programs on the participants strength, balance, functional independence and functional mobility, respectively...
May 8, 2017: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481936/correction-the-effects-of-selective-dorsal-rhizotomy-on-balance-and-symmetry-of-gait-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#18
Franziska Rumberg, Mustafa Sinan Bakir, William R Taylor, Hannes Haberl, Akosua Sarpong, Ilya Sharankou, Susanne Lebek, Julia F Funk
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0152930.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480432/whole-body-vibration-exercise-improves-functional-parameters-in-patients-with-osteogenesis-imperfecta-a-systematic-review-with-a-suitable-approach
#19
Danubia C Sá-Caputo, Carla da F Dionello, Éric Heleno F F Frederico, Laisa L Paineiras-Domingos, Cintia Renata Sousa-Gonçalves, Danielle S Morel, Eloá Moreira-Marconi, Marianne Unger, Mario Bernardo-Filho
BACKGROUND: Patients with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) have abnormal bone modelling and resorption. The bone tissue adaptation and responsivity to dynamic and mechanical loading may be of therapeutic use under controlled circumstances. Improvements due to the wholebody vibration (WBV) exercises have been reported in strength, motion, gait, balance, posture and bone density in several osteopenic individuals, as in post-menopausal women or children with disabling conditions, as patients with OI...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473192/characterization-of-a-cerebral-palsy-like-model-in-rats-analysis-of-gait-pattern-and-of-brain-and-spinal-cord-motor-areas
#20
Adriana Souza Dos Santos, Wellington de Almeida, Bruno Popik, Bruno Marques Sbardelotto, Márcia Miranda Torrejais, Marcelo Alves de Souza, Lígia Aline Centenaro
In an attempt to propose an animal model that reproduces in rats the phenotype of cerebral palsy, this study evaluated the effects of maternal exposure to bacterial endotoxin associated with perinatal asphyxia and sensorimotor restriction on gait pattern, brain and spinal cord morphology. Two experimental groups were used: Control Group (CTG) - offspring of rats injected with saline during pregnancy and Cerebral Palsy Group (CPG) - offspring of rats injected with lipopolysaccharide during pregnancy, submitted to perinatal asphyxia and sensorimotor restriction for 30days...
May 1, 2017: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
keyword
keyword
44349
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"