keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Gait and balance

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214234/reablement-reactivation-rehabilitation-and-restorative-interventions-with-older-adults-in-receipt-of-home-care-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Joanie Sims-Gould, Catherine E Tong, Lutetia Wallis-Mayer, Maureen C Ashe
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the impact of reablement, reactivation, rehabilitation, and restorative (4R) programs for older adults in receipt of home care services. DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: We searched the following electronic bibliographic databases: MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health), SPORTDiscus and The Cochrane Library and reference lists. STUDY SELECTION: Randomized controlled trials that describe original data on the impact of home-based rehabilitative care and were written in English...
February 14, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211822/robot-assisted-end-effector-based-gait-training-in-chronic-stroke-patients-a%C3%A2-multicentric-uncontrolled-observational-retrospective-clinical-study
#2
Stefano Mazzoleni, Antonella Focacci, Marco Franceschini, Andreas Waldner, Chiara Spagnuolo, Elena Battini, Donatella Bonaiuti
BACKGROUND: Until now studies report inconclusive results as regards the effectiveness of exclusive use of robot-assisted training and clinical indications in stroke patients. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if the only robot-assisted end-effector-based gait training can be feasible in chronic stroke subjects in terms of gait recovery. METHODS: Five rehabilitation centers participated and one hundred chronic post-stroke patients were recruited. Patients underwent a robot-assisted end-effector-based gait training as only rehabilitation treatment...
February 15, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210057/a-comparison-of-the-balance-and-gait-function-between-children-with-down-syndrome-and-typically-developing-children
#3
Hee-Kyoung Jung, EunJung Chung, Byoung-Hee Lee
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to compare the balance and gait functions of children with Down syndrome and typically developing children according to age. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects were 16 children with Down syndrome and 20 children with typical development. The one leg standing test, Romberg's test (open eyes/closed eyes), sharpened Romberg's (open eyes/closed eyes), functional reaching test and GAITRite were used for this study in order to measure the children's balance and gait function...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209345/multiobjective-optimization-of-cartilage-stress-for-non-invasive-patient-specific-recommendations-of-high-tibial-osteotomy-correction-angle-a-novel-method-to-investigate-alignment-correction
#4
Keke Zheng, Corey J Scholes, Junning Chen, David Parker, Qing Li
Medial opening wedge high tibial osteotomy (MOWHTO) is a surgical procedure to treat knee osteoarthritis associated with varus deformity. However, the ideal final alignment of the Hip-Knee-Ankle (HKA) angle in the frontal plane, that maximizes procedural success and post-operative knee function, remains controversial. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to introduce a subject-specific modeling procedure in determining the biomechanical effects of MOWHTO alignment on tibiofemoral cartilage stress distribution...
February 13, 2017: Medical Engineering & Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208604/reducing-fall-risk-with-combined-motor-and-cognitive-training-in-elderly-fallers
#5
Francesco Barban, Roberta Annicchiarico, Matteo Melideo, Alessia Federici, Maria Giovanna Lombardi, Simone Giuli, Claudia Ricci, Fulvia Adriano, Ivo Griffini, Manuel Silvestri, Massimo Chiusso, Sergio Neglia, Sergio Ariño-Blasco, Raquel Cuevas Perez, Yannis Dionyssiotis, Georgios Koumanakos, Milo Kovačeić, Nuria Montero-Fernández, Oscar Pino, Niels Boye, Ulises Cortés, Cristian Barrué, Atia Cortés, Peter Levene, Stelios Pantelopoulos, Roberto Rosso, José Antonio Serra-Rexach, Angelo Maria Sabatini, Carlo Caltagirone
BACKGROUND: Falling is a major clinical problem in elderly people, demanding effective solutions. At present, the only effective intervention is motor training of balance and strength. Executive function-based training (EFt) might be effective at preventing falls according to evidence showing a relationship between executive functions and gait abnormalities. The aim was to assess the effectiveness of a motor and a cognitive treatment developed within the EU co-funded project I-DONT-FALL...
February 10, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202383/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-screening-risk-modification-and-physical-therapy-to-prevent-falls-among-the-elderly-recently-discharged-from-the-emergency-department-to-the-community-the-steps-to-avoid-falls-in-the-elderly-study
#6
David B Matchar, Pamela W Duncan, Christopher T C Lien, Marcus Eng Hock Ong, Mina Lee, Fei Gao, Rita Sim, Kirsten Eom
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a multifactorial, tailored program of physical therapy to reduce the occurrence of falls among a heterogeneous group of high-risk elderly Singaporeans recently discharged from the Emergency Department (ED). DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Communities in Central and East regions in Singapore. PARTICIPANTS: 354 adults aged at least 65 years who were seen at ED for a fall or fall-related injuries and discharged home...
February 12, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202037/tailored-multifactorial-intervention-to-improve-dizziness-symptoms-and-quality-of-life-balance-and-gait-in-dizziness-sufferers-aged-over-50%C3%A2-years-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Jasmine C Menant, Americo A Migliaccio, Cameron Hicks, Joanne Lo, Daniela Meinrath, Mayna Ratanapongleka, Jessica Turner, Daina L Sturnieks, Kim Delbaere, Nickolai Titov, Catherine McVeigh, Jacqueline C T Close, Stephen R Lord
BACKGROUND: Dizziness is a frequently reported symptom in older people that can markedly impair quality of life. This manuscript presents the protocol for a randomised controlled trial, which has the main objective of determining the impact of comprehensive assessment followed by a tailored multifaceted intervention in reducing dizziness episodes and symptoms, improving associated impairments to balance and gait and enhancing quality of life in older people with self-reported significant dizziness...
February 15, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197198/application-of-a-paraplegic-gait-orthosis-in-thoracolumbar-spinal-cord-injury
#8
Lang Shuai, Guo-Hua Yu, Zhen Feng, Wan-Song Wang, Wei-Ming Sun, Lu Zhou, Yin Yan
Paraplegic gait orthosis has been shown to help paraplegic patients stand and walk, although this method cannot be individualized for patients with different spinal cord injuries and functional recovery of the lower extremities. There is, however, a great need to develop individualized paraplegic orthosis to improve overall quality of life for paraplegic patients. In the present study, 36 spinal cord (below T4) injury patients were equally and randomly divided into control and observation groups. The control group received systematic rehabilitation training, including maintenance of joint range of motion, residual muscle strength training, standing training, balance training, and functional electrical stimulation...
December 2016: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197085/anodal-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-does-not-facilitate-dynamic-balance-task-learning-in-healthy-old-adults
#9
Elisabeth Kaminski, Maike Hoff, Viola Rjosk, Christopher J Steele, Christopher Gundlach, Bernhard Sehm, Arno Villringer, Patrick Ragert
Older adults frequently experience a decrease in balance control that leads to increased numbers of falls, injuries and hospitalization. Therefore, evaluating older adults' ability to maintain balance and examining new approaches to counteract age-related decline in balance control is of great importance for fall prevention and healthy aging. Non-invasive brain stimulation techniques such as transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) have been shown to beneficially influence motor behavior and motor learning...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188024/robotic-assisted-gait-training-improves-walking-abilities-in-diplegic-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#10
L Wallard, G Dietrich, Y Kerlirzin, J Bredin
The robotic-assisted gait training therapy (RAGT), based on intensity and repetition of movement, presents beneficial effects on recovery and improvement of postural and locomotor functions of the patient. This study sought to highlight the effect of this RAGT on the dynamic equilibrium control during walking in children with Cerebral Palsy (CP) by analyzing the different postural strategies of the fullbody (upper/lower body) before and after this RAGT in order to generate forward motion while maintaining balance...
February 2, 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187057/improvements-in-gait-with-hearing-aids-and-cochlear-implants
#11
Corey S Shayman, Gammon M Earhart, Timothy E Hullar
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether wearing auditory assistive devices can improve gait and dynamic balance. PATIENTS: Three adult users of bilateral hearing assistive devices: one with cytomegalovirus exposure wearing cochlear implants, one with Ménière's disease wearing hearing aids, and one with presbystasis wearing hearing aids. INTERVENTION: Rehabilitative intervention involved participants performing gait and dynamic posture tasks with and without their hearing assistive devices...
February 9, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184193/altered-functional-performance-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia
#12
Isis da Silva Costa, Antoni Gamundí, José G Vivas Miranda, Lucas G Souza França, Charles Novaes De Santana, Pedro Montoya
Fibromyalgia is a common chronic pain condition that exerts a considerable impact on patients' daily activities and quality of life. Objectives: The main objective of the present study was to evaluate kinematic parameters of gait, functional performance, and balance in women with fibromyalgia syndrome. Methods: The study included 26 female patients with fibromyalgia (49.2 ± 8.0 years) according to the criteria of the American College of Rheumatology, as well as 16 pain-free women (43.5 ± 8.5 years). Gait and balance parameters were extracted from video recordings of participants performing several motor tasks...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184173/reliability-of-inertial-sensors-in-the-assessment-of-patients-with-vestibular-disorders-a-feasibility-study
#13
Sathish K Sankarpandi, Alice J Baldwin, Jaydip Ray, Claudia Mazzà
BACKGROUND: Vestibular disorders affect an individual's stability, balance, and gait and predispose them to falls. Traditional laboratory-based semi-objective vestibular assessments are intrusive and cumbersome provide little information about their functional ability. Commercially available wearable inertial sensors allow us to make this real life assessments objective, with a detailed view of their functional abilities. Timed Up and Go (TUG) and Postural Sway tests are commonly used tests for gait and balance assessments...
2017: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182629/tai-chi-for-health-benefits-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review
#14
Liye Zou, Huiru Wang, ZhongJun Xiao, Qun Fang, Mark Zhang, Ting Li, Geng Du, Yang Liu
The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the existing evidence on the effectiveness and safety of Tai chi, which is critical to provide guidelines for clinicians to improve symptomatic management in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). After performing electronic and manual searches of many sources, ten relevant peer-reviewed studies that met the inclusion criteria were retrieved. The existing evidence supports the effectiveness of Tai chi on improving quality of life (QOL) and functional balance in MS patients...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182146/multiple-diabetic-complications-as-well-as-impaired-physical-and-mental-function-are-associated-with-declining-balance-function-in-older-persons-with-diabetes-mellitus
#15
Xiufang Hong, Xujiao Chen, Jiaojiao Chu, Shanshan Shen, Qichen Chai, Gaobo Lou, Lingyan Chen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether there is a difference in balance function between older persons with and without diabetes mellitus (DM), and to identify whether mediating factors, such as diabetic complications, Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) score, Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score, as well as hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), serum total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), and low-density lipoprotein (LDL), are associated with balance function in older persons with DM...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174453/effects-of-inclined-treadmill-walking-training-with-rhythmic-auditory-stimulation-on-balance-and-gait-in-stroke-patients
#16
Sung Kyeung Yoon, Soon Hee Kang
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to determine if an inclined treadmill with rhythmic auditory stimulation gait training can improve balance and gait ability in stroke patients. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty participants were randomly divided into three groups: inclined treadmill with rhythmic auditory stimulation training group (n=10), inclined treadmill training group (n=10), and treadmill training group (n=10). For all groups, the training was conducted for 4 weeks, 30 minutes per session, 5 times per week...
December 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173775/evaluation-and-implementation-of-highly-challenging-balance-training-in-clinical-practice-for-people-with-parkinson-s-disease-protocol-for-the-hibalance-effectiveness-implementation-trial
#17
Breiffni Leavy, Lydia Kwak, Maria Hagströmer, Erika Franzén
BACKGROUND: If people with progressive neurological diseases are to avail of evidence-based rehabilitation, programs found effective in randomized controlled trials (RCT's) must firstly be adapted and tested in clinical effectiveness studies as a means of strengthening their evidence base. This paper describes the protocol for an effectiveness-implementation trial that will assess the clinical effectiveness of a highly challenging balance training program (the HiBalance program) for people with mild-moderate Parkinson's disease (PD) while simultaneously collecting data concerning the way in which the program is implemented...
February 7, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169413/-efficacy-of-the-application-of-kinesio-tape-in-patients-with-stroke
#18
REVIEW
J Ortiz-Ramirez, S Perez-De la Cruz
AIMS: To review the effects achieved by the kinesio tape in patients with stroke in scientific studies published on date and to discuss these findings may be of interest to neurology. DEVELOPMENT: An exhaustive search in the main scientific databases using keywords such as kinesio tape, kinesiotaping, musculoskeletal tape, taping medical concept was carried out. Citations of selected articles and scientific papers published on the website of the Spanish Association of Neuromuscular Bandage were analyzed...
February 16, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169147/single-task-and-dual-task-tandem-gait-test-performance-after-concussion
#19
David R Howell, Louis R Osternig, Li-Shan Chou
OBJECTIVES: To compare single-task and dual-task tandem gait test performance between athletes after concussion with controls on observer-timed, spatio-temporal, and center-of-mass (COM) balance control measurements. DESIGN: Ten participants (19.0±5.5years) were prospectively identified and completed a tandem gait test protocol within 72h of concussion and again 1 week, 2 weeks, 1 month, and 2 months post-injury. Seven uninjured controls (20.0±4.5years) completed the same protocol in similar time increments...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167476/research-on-the-influence-factors-of-the-fall-efficiency-of-the-hospitalized-geriatric-patients-with-cerebrovascular-diseases
#20
Weili Li, Ruilian Cheng
To investigate the fall efficiency and its influence factors of the hospitalized geriatric patients with cerebrovascular diseases. The Modified Fall Efficacy Scale (MFES), Morse Fall Risk Assessment Scales (MFS), Berg Balance Scale (BBS) and Tinetti Gait Analysis (TGA) were adopted and the combined ways of questionnaires and observation were utilized to investigate the 113 hospitalized geriatric patients with cerebrovascular diseases. The fall efficiency of the geriatric patients with cerebrovascular diseases were 7...
November 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
keyword
keyword
44349
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"