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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783067/motor-retraining-more-for-functional-movement-disorders-outcomes-from-a-one-week-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-program
#1
Alexandra Jacob, Darryl Kaelin, Abbey Roach, Craig Ziegler, Kathrin LaFaver
BACKGROUND: Functional Movement Disorders (FMD) are conditions of abnormal motor control thought to be caused by psychological factors. These disorders are commonly seen in neurological practice and prognosis is often poor. No consensus treatment guidelines have been established, however the role of physical therapy in addition to psychotherapy has increasingly been recognized. This study reports patient outcomes from a multidisciplinary FMD treatment program using motor retraining (MoRe) strategies...
May 18, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782305/tatami-mats-a-source-of-pitted-keratolysis-in-a-martial-arts-athlete
#2
Anamaria Balić, Zrinka Bukvić Mokos, Branka Marinović, Daniela Ledić Drvar
Dear Editor, Pitted keratolysis (PK), also known as keratosis plantaris sulcatum, is a non-inflammatory, bacterial, superficial cutaneous infection, characterized by many discrete superficial crateriform ''pits'' and erosions in the thickly keratinized skin of the weight-bearing regions of the soles of the feet (1). The disease often goes unnoticed by the patient, but when it is noticed it is because of the unbearable malodor and hyperhidrosis of the feet, which are socially unacceptable and cause great anxiety to many of the patients...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755660/measuring-glucocorticoid-receptor-expression-in-vivo-with-pet
#3
Charles Truillet, Matthew F L Parker, Loc T Huynh, Junnian Wei, Khaled M Jami, Yung-Hua Wang, Yuqin S Shen, Renuka Sriram, David M Wilson, John Kurhanewicz, Michael J Evans
The glucocorticoid receptor (GR) is an emerging drug target for several common and deadly solid tumors like breast and prostate cancer, and clinical trials studying the antitumor effects of GR antagonists are beginning. Since GR expression can be variable in tumor cells, and virtually all normal mammalian tissues express some GR, we hypothesized that an imaging tool capable of detecting GR positive tumors and/or measuring GR occupancy by drug in tumor and normal tissues could improve the precision application of anti-GR therapies in the clinic...
April 17, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734898/the-use-of-cryotherapy-to-treat-infantile-digital-fibromatosis-with-a-functional-deficit-a-case-report
#4
Aviv Kramer, Yaron Har-Shai, Isa Metanes, Hani Harel, Ronit Wollstein
Infantile Digital Fibromatosis (IDF) is a rare benign lesion that can affect the fingers, often appearing at birth or early on in life. Treatment is controversial due to a high recurrence rate following surgical excision, and the tendency of the lesions to regress or resolve completely after the age of one year. Functional loss has rarely been described. We describe a case of IDF with joint contracture and significant functional deficit that was treated with cryotherapy and post procedural occupational therapy with an excellent result...
June 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726287/disability-concentration-and-access-to-rehabilitation-services-a-pilot-spatial-assessment-applying-geographic-information-system-analysis
#5
Fengsong Gao, Michele Foster, Yan Liu
PURPOSE: Due to geographical disparities, many people with profound or severe disabilities experience considerable delays in rehabilitation treatment, resulting in threats to quality of life. This pilot study aims to identify areas in Greater Brisbane, Australia, with a higher concentration of people with profound or severe disabilities and to evaluate access to rehabilitation services in these areas. METHODS: Data came from the 2016 Australian Census of Population and Housing and the National Health Services Directory...
May 4, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725347/diffusion-tensor-imaging-evaluation-of-neural-network-development-in-patients-undergoing-therapeutic-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-following-stroke
#6
Naoki Yamada, Ryo Ueda, Wataru Kakuda, Ryo Momosaki, Takahiro Kondo, Takuya Hada, Nobuyuki Sasaki, Takatoshi Hara, Atsushi Senoo, Masahiro Abo
We aimed to investigate plastic changes in cerebral white matter structures using diffusion tensor imaging following a 15-day stroke rehabilitation program. We compared the detection of cerebral plasticity between generalized fractional anisotropy (GFA), a novel tool for investigating white matter structures, and fractional anisotropy (FA). Low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (LF-rTMS) of 2400 pulses applied to the nonlesional hemisphere and 240 min intensive occupation therapy (OT) daily over 15 days...
2018: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722341/halogen-inhalation-induced-lung-injury-and-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#7
REVIEW
Ting Zhou, Wei-Feng Song, You Shang, Shang-Long Yao, Sadis Matalon
Objective: Exposure to halogens, such as chlorine or bromine, results in environmental and occupational hazard to the lung and other organs. Chlorine is highly toxic by inhalation, leading to dyspnea, hypoxemia, airway obstruction, pneumonitis, pulmonary edema, and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Although bromine is less reactive and oxidative than chlorine, inhalation also results in bronchospasm, airway hyperresponsiveness, ARDS, and even death. Both halogens have been shown to damage the systemic circulation and result in cardiac injury as well...
May 20, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719089/associations-between-therapists-occupational-burnout-and-their-patients-depression-and-anxiety-treatment-outcomes
#8
Jaime Delgadillo, David Saxon, Michael Barkham
BACKGROUND: Occupational burnout is common in mental health professionals, but its impact on patient outcomes is as yet uncertain. This study aimed to investigate associations between therapist-level burnout and patient-level treatment outcomes after psychological therapy. METHODS: We used multilevel modeling using depression (PHQ-9) and anxiety (GAD-7) outcomes data from 2,223 patients nested within 49 therapists. Therapists completed a survey including the Oldenburg Burnout Inventory (OLBI) and a job satisfaction scale (JDSS)...
May 2, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704211/-occupational-skin-cancer-prevention-and-recommendations-for-uv-protection-as-part-of-the-treatment-approved-by-the-public-statutory-employers-liability-insurance
#9
REVIEW
M Rocholl, M Ludewig, C Skudlik, A Wilke
In Germany, approximately 2 to 3 million employees work in outdoor professions. They are exceptionally exposed to solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation for a large part of their daily working time. Cumulative UV exposure is associated with a significantly increased risk of skin cancer for outdoor workers from various occupational groups (e. g. landscape and horticulture, agriculture and forestry, fisheries and seafaring, construction and trade, as well as sports teachers, lifeguards and mountain guides). Since 1 January 2015, squamous cell carcinoma and multiple actinic keratosis due to natural UV radiation can be recognised as occupational disease No...
April 27, 2018: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703004/a-rational-emotive-stress-management-intervention-for-reducing-job-burnout-and-dysfunctional-distress-among-special-education-teachers-an-effect-study
#10
Samuel C Ugwoke, Chiedu Eseadi, Liziana N Onuigbo, Eucharia N Aye, Immaculata N Akaneme, Angie I Oboegbulem, Ifeyinwa O Ezenwaji, Anthonia U Nwobi, Okechukwu O Nwaubani, Bernedeth N Ezegbe, Moses O Ede, Chibueze T Orji, Joseph C Onuoha, Eucharia U Onu, Francisca Okeke, Patricia Agu, Joachim C Omeje, Faith Omeke, Romanus Ugwu, Florence Arumede, Annastasia Eneh
BACKGROUND: Job-related burnout and distress are adverse stress responses which affect individuals in their occupational environment. This study aimed at investigating the effect of a rational-emotive stress management program on job burnout and dysfunctional distress among special education teachers in Nigeria. METHODS: A pretest-posttest randomized control group design was used. The participants in the study were 54 special education teachers. Data were collected using self-report questionnaires...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702070/effects-of-home-based-versus-clinic-based-rehabilitation-combining-mirror-therapy-and-task-specific-training-for-patients-with-stroke-a-randomized-crossover-trial
#11
Yu-Wei Hsieh, Ku-Chou Chang, Jen-Wen Hung, Ching-Yi Wu, Mu-Hui Fu, Chih-Chi Chen
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the treatment effects of a home-based rehabilitation program compared with clinic-based rehabilitation in patients with stroke. DESIGN: A single-blinded, 2-sequence, 2-period, crossover-designed study. SETTING: Rehabilitation clinics and participant's home environment. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals with disabilities after a stroke. INTERVENTIONS: During each intervention period, each participant received 12 training sessions, with a 4-week washout phase between the 2 periods...
April 24, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701509/the-effect-of-an-occupational-therapy-mental-health-day-treatment-centre-on-the-use-of-inpatient-services-in-the-western-cape-south-africa
#12
Riekie Engelbrecht, Nicola Plastow, Ulla Botha, Djh Niehaus, Liezl Koen
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine whether attendance at an occupational therapy-led day treatment centre for mental health care users affects the use of inpatient services in South Africa. METHODS: A retrospective pre-test/post-test quasi-experimental study design was used to compare admissions and days spent in hospital during the 24 months before and after attendance at the centre, using the hospital's electronic records. Total population sampling yielded data for 44 mental health care users who made first contact with the service between July 2009 and June 2010...
April 27, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693969/quality-of-life-of-nepalese-women-post-mastectomy
#13
Muna Maharjan, Niresh Thapa, Raj Devi Adhikari, Marcia A Petrini, Kapendra Shekhar Amatya
Introduction: Worldwide breast cancer is the common invasive cancer among the females. The quality of life of women after treatment, which is often a mastectomy, is frequently decreased. Objective: To determine the life quality of Nepalese women post mastectomy. Materials and Methods: One hundred seven women after a mastectomy were selected and interviewed by using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer-Quality of Life Questionnaire and its Breast Specific Module to assess women’s quality of life...
April 25, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689505/childhood-adversities-as-predictors-of-improvement-in-psychiatric-symptoms-and-global-functioning-in-solution-focused-and-short-and-long-term-psychodynamic-psychotherapy-during-a-5-year-follow-up
#14
Erkki Heinonen, Paul Knekt, Tommi Härkänen, Esa Virtala, Olavi Lindfors
BACKGROUND: Childhood adversities are frequent among adults who seek treatment for depression or anxiety. These disorders are commonly treated by psychotherapy. Yet it is not known if specific types or durations of psychotherapy are particularly suited for patients who have suffered various early adversities. METHODS: 221 depressed and anxious adult outpatients from community, student, occupational, and private healthcare services filled the Childhood Family Atmosphere Questionnaire...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689182/occupational-therapy-for-nonoperative-four-part-proximal-humerus-fracture-a-case-report
#15
William P Finley, Steve Van Lew
OBJECTIVE: Proximal humerus fractures are highly traumatic and debilitating. Surgical fixation may be contraindicated in older clients, thus requiring a systematic rehabilitation protocol. These clients may suffer loss of independence and require long-term assistance if not treated properly. METHOD: In this case report, we describe the occupation-based conservative rehabilitation of a retired male client after a four-part proximal humerus fracture. Outcome measurements used were the QuickDASH, the Numeric Rating Scale for Pain, goniometric measurements, and manual muscle testing...
May 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688085/music-therapy-applied-to-complex-blast-injury-in-interdisciplinary-care-a-case-report
#16
Rebecca Vaudreuil, Luis Avila, Joke Bradt, Paul Pasquina
PURPOSE: Music therapy has a long history of treating the physiological, psychological, and neurological injuries of war. Recently, there has been an increase in the use of music therapy and other creative arts therapies in the care of combat injured service members returning to the United States from Iraq and Afghanistan, especially those with complex blast-related injuries. This case report describes the role of music therapy in the interdisciplinary rehabilitation of a severely injured service member...
April 24, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684315/sleep-disorders-in-patients-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#17
REVIEW
Ali A El-Solh, Usman Riaz, Jasmine Roberts
A growing body of evidence supports a bidirectional relationship between post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and sleep disturbances. Fragmented sleep induced by sleep-related breathing disorders, insomnia, and nightmares impacts recovery and treatment outcomes and worsens PTSD symptoms. Despite recent attention, management of these disorders has been unrewarding in the setting of PTSD. This review summarizes the evidence for empirically supported treatments of these sleep ailments as it relates to PTSD including psychotherapeutic and pharmacologic interventions...
April 20, 2018: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679452/multidimensional-patient-impression-of-change-following-interdisciplinary-pain-management
#18
Christine M Gagnon, Paul Scholten, James Atchison
OBJECTIVES: To assess patient impression of change following interdisciplinary pain management utilizing a newly developed Multidimensional Patient Impression of Change (MPIC) questionnaire. METHODS: A heterogeneous group of chronic pain patients (N = 601) participated in an interdisciplinary treatment program. Programs included individual and group therapies (pain psychology, physical therapy, occupational therapy, relaxation training/biofeedback, aerobic conditioning, patient education and medical management)...
April 20, 2018: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677520/stable-black-phosphorus-bi-2-o-3-heterostructures-for-synergistic-cancer-radiotherapy
#19
Hao Huang, Lizhen He, Wenhua Zhou, Guangbo Qu, Jiahong Wang, Na Yang, Jie Gao, Tianfeng Chen, Paul K Chu, Xue-Feng Yu
X-ray induced photodynamic therapy (X-ray-PDT) is a promising approach for synergistic cancer radiotherapy and development of suitable radiosensitizers is highly desired. In this paper, we propose black phosphorus/Bi2 O3 (BP/Bi2 O3 ) heterostructures as efficient and biocompatible radiosensitizers for synergistic cancer radiotherapy. The heterostructures are synthesized by growth of ultrasmall Bi2 O3 nanoparticles onto BP nanosheets. The Bi2 O3 decoration inhibits the rapid degradation of BP nanosheets by occupation of the defect sites, and the synergistic effects of BP and Bi2 O3 enable 1 O2 overproduction under X-ray irradiation...
April 13, 2018: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673394/transplantation-of-adipose-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-attenuates-pulmonary-fibrosis-of-silicosis-via-anti-inflammatory-and-anti-apoptosis-effects-in-rats
#20
Shangya Chen, Guanqun Cui, Cheng Peng, Martin F Lavin, Xiaoying Sun, Enguo Zhang, Ye Yang, Yingjun Guan, Zhongjun Du, Hua Shao
BACKGROUND: Silicosis has been topping the list of high-incidence occupational diseases in developing countries and cannot be completely cured. Recent advances in stem cell research have made possible the treatment of various diseases including lung fibrosis. The application of stem cell therapy in occupational diseases, in particular the use of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AD-MSCs) in treatment of silicosis, has not yet been reported. The aim of the study is to explore the intervening effect of silica-induced lung fibrosis in rats...
April 19, 2018: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
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