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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075704/changes-in-cardiorespiratory-responses-and-kinematics-with-hippotherapy-in-youth-with-and-without-cerebral-palsy
#1
Brandon Rhett Rigby, Adam Robert Gloeckner, Suzanne Sessums, Beth Anne Lanning, Peter Walter Grandjean
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to characterize pelvic displacement and cardiorespiratory responses to simulated horseback riding and walking in youth with cerebral palsy and to compare responses to youth without cerebral palsy before and after 8 weeks of hippotherapy. METHOD: Eight youth with cerebral palsy (Mage = 10 ± 4 years; Mheight = 137 ± 24 cm; Mweight = 32 ± 16 kg) and 8 youth without cerebral palsy (Mage = 11 ± 2 years; Mheight = 149 ± 14 cm; Mweight = 48 ± 15 kg) underwent a hippotherapy intervention...
January 11, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060927/acute-effects-of-three-neuromuscular-warm-up-strategies-on-several-physical-performance-measures-in-football-players
#2
Francisco Ayala, Ana Calderón-López, Juan Carlos Delgado-Gosálbez, Sergio Parra-Sánchez, Carlos Pomares-Noguera, Sergio Hernández-Sánchez, Alejandro López-Valenciano, Mark De Ste Croix
No studies have analysed the acute effects of the FIFA 11+ and Harmoknee warm-up programmes on major physical performance measures. The aim of this study was to analyse the acute (post-exercise) effects of the FIFA 11+, Harmoknee and dynamic warm-up routines on several physical performance measures in amateur football players. A randomized, crossover and counterbalanced study design was used to address the purpose of this study. A total of sixteen amateur football players completed the following protocols in a randomized order on separate days: a) FIFA 11+; b) Harmoknee; and c) dynamic warm-up (DWU)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043054/dynamic-plantar-pressure-distribution-strength-capacity-and-postural-control-after-lisfranc-fracture-dislocation
#3
Alexander T Mehlhorn, Markus Walther, Tayfun Yilmaz, Lennart Gunst, Anja Hirschmüller, Norbert P Südkamp, Hagen Schmal
Substantial progress has been made in the operative treatment of Lisfranc fractures, however, the prognosis remains poor. We hypothesized that Lisfranc injuries change the postural control and muscle strength of the lower limb. Both are suggested to correlate with the clinical outcome and quality of life. 17 consecutive patients suffering from a Lisfranc fracture dislocation were registered, underwent open reduction and internal fixation and were followed-up for 50.5±25.7months (Mean±SDM). Biomechanical analysis of muscle strength capacities, postural control and plantar pressure distribution was assessed >6 month postoperatively...
December 19, 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033958/balance-improvement-after-physical-therapy-training-using-specially-developed-serious-games-for-cerebral-palsy-children-preliminary-results
#4
Bruno Bonnechère, Lubos Omelina, Bart Jansen, Serge Van Sint Jan
PURPOSE: Cerebral palsy (CP) leads to various clinical signs mainly induced by muscle spasticity and muscle weakness. Among these ones impaired balance and posture are very common. Traditional physical therapy exercise programs are focusing on this aspect, but it is difficult to motivate patients to regularly perform these exercises, especially at home without therapist supervision. Specially developed serious games (SG) could therefore be an interesting option to motivate children to perform specific exercise for balance improvement...
February 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032253/effect-of-cadence-on-locomotor-respiratory-coupling-during-upper-body-exercise
#5
Nicholas B Tiller, Mike J Price, Ian G Campbell, Lee M Romer
INTRODUCTION: Asynchronous arm-cranking performed at high cadences elicits greater cardiorespiratory responses compared to low cadences. This has been attributed to increased postural demand and locomotor-respiratory coupling (LRC), and yet, this has not been empirically tested. This study aimed to assess the effects of cadence on cardiorespiratory responses and LRC during upper-body exercise. METHODS: Eight recreationally-active men performed arm-cranking exercise at moderate and severe intensities that were separated by 10 min of rest...
December 28, 2016: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029525/-everything-is-valid-in-chronic-pain-interventions-by-older-adults-for-pain-relief
#6
Alejandra María Alvarado-García, Ángela María Salazar-Maya
OBJECTIVE: To describe interventions used by older adults with benign chronic pain. METHODS: Qualitative study with 25 older adults with benign chronic pain, inhabitants of the cities of Medellín and Bogotá. The technique used to collect information was in-depth interview. The analysis was made using the tools of the theory based on the guidelines of Strauss and Corbin. Using open, axial and selective coding, the constant comparison method allowed the identification of categories and subcategories and simultaneously memos and diagrams were made to reach theoretical saturation...
October 29, 2016: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028979/a-controlled-trial-of-the-efficacy-of-a-training-walking-program-in-patients-recovering-from-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-surgery
#7
Bartosz R Wnuk, Jacek Durmała, Krzysztof Ziaja, Przemysław Kotyla, Marek Woźniewski, Edward Błaszczak
BACKGROUND: Major surgical procedures as well as general anesthesia contribute to muscle weakness and posture instability and may result in increased postoperative complications and functional disorders resulting from an elective operation. OBJECTIVES: We aim to state the significance of backward walking as a form of interval march training with patients after abdominal aortic aneurysm surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty-five patients were randomly divided into three subgroups and three various models of physiotherapy were applied...
November 2016: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003774/effectiveness-of-the-multidimensional-ergonomic-intervention-model-to-reduce-musculoskeletal-discomfort-among-street-sweepers-in-chiang-rai-province-thailand
#8
Kanjanar Pintakham, Wattasit Siriwong
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of multidimensional ergonomic intervention (MEI) model to reduce musculoskeletal discomfort (MSD) among street sweepers. A quasi-experimental study was conducted in Chiang Rai Province. The MEI model was designed on the basis of four core components: cognitive behavior therapy, ergonomic education training, stretching exercise, and the foam sleeve broom handle grip. Seventy-five street sweepers volunteered for the screening process on MSD of having level score ≥4 by physiotherapist...
2016: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998205/2015-parapan-american-games-autonomic-function-but-not-physical-activity-is-associated-with-vascular-cognitive-impairment-in-spinal-cord-injury
#9
Aaron A Phillips, Jordan W Squair, Katharine Dianne Currie, Shieak Tzeng, Phil Ainslie, Andrei V Krassioukov
Autonomic dysfunction and diminished capacity for physical exercise are commonly implicated in the 3-4 fold increased risk of cerebrovascular disease after spinal cord injury (SCI). We assessed cerebrovascular function [transcranial Doppler; neurovascular coupling (NVC) and cerebral pressure-flow regulation] in elite national level wheelchair rugby players (n=23), normally active SCI individuals (n=12), and able-bodied controls (n=13). Cognitive (Stroop) and autonomic function (postural change) was also evaluated...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992287/evaluating-postural-control-and-ankle-laxity-between-taping-and-high-top-cleats-in-high-school-football-players
#10
Douglas A Pizac, Charles B Swanik, Joseph J Glutting, Thomas W Kaminski
CONTEXT: Lateral ankle sprains are the most common injuries in high school sports. While ankle taping is a preferred method of external prophylactic support, its restrictive properties decline during exercise. The Under Armour® Highlight cleat is marketed on the premise that it provides added support without the need for additional ankle taping. OBJECTIVE: To determine if differences in ankle joint laxity and postural control exist between football players wearing the Under Armour® Highlight cleat (Baltimore, MD) as compared to a low/mid-top cleat with ankle tape...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991482/the-effects-of-unstable-surface-balance-training-on-postural-sway-stability-functional-ability-and-flexibility-in-women
#11
Svetlana Nepocatych, Caroline J Ketcham, Srikant Vallabhajosula, Gytis Balilionis
BACKGROUND: This study examined the effects of balance training routine, using both sides utilized balance trainer (BOSU) and aerobic step (STEP) on postural sway and functional ability in middle-aged women. METHODS: Twenty-seven females participated in the study, age 40.6 ± 12.0 years, body mass 72.0 ± 14.0 kg, height 164.0 ± 7.7 cm, BMI 26.5 ± 4.5 kg/m2, and relative body fat 33.1 ± 7.4%. Participants were divided into two groups and performed progressive exercise routine on either STEP or BOSU for three weeks...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988251/upper-extremity-deep-vein-thrombosis-in-a-triathlete-again-intense-endurance-exercise-as-a-thrombogenic-risk
#12
Ignacio Sancho-González, María Vicenta Bonilla-Hernández, David Ibañez-Muñoz, Davinia Vicente-Campos, José López Chicharro
Triathlon followers increase each year and long-distance events have seen major growth worldwide. In the cycling phase, athletes must maintain an aerodynamic posture on the bike for long periods of time. We report a case of a 38-year-old triathlete with symptoms of an axillary vein thrombosis 48h after a long triathlon competition. After 3days of hospitalization with a treatment consisted on enoxaparin anticoagulant and acenocumarol, the patient was discharged with instructions to continue treatment under home hospitalization with acetaminophen...
December 13, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956556/electromyography-and-economy-of-walking-in-chronic-heart-failure-and-heart-transplant-patients
#13
Renata L Bona, Artur Bonezi, Paula Figueiredo da Silva, Carlo M Biancardi, Flávio Antônio de Souza Castro, Nadine Oliveira Clausel
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic heart failure frequently report intolerance to exercise and present with changes in walk pattern, but information about heart transplant patients is lacking. Alterations of the gait pattern are related to interaction changes between the metabolism, neurological system and the mechanical demands of the locomotor task. The aim of this study was to investigate the electromyographic cost, coactivation and cost of transport of walking of chronic heart failure and heart transplant patients...
December 12, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942122/the-effect-of-the-shoulder-stability-exercise-using-resistant-vibration-stimulus-on-forward-head-posture-and-muscle-activity
#14
Eun-Kyung Kim, Jong Ho Kang, Hyo Taek Lee
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to analyze shoulder stabilization using resistant vibration stimulus during bodyblade exercise followed by forward head posture improvement. [Subjects and Methods] Craniovertebral angle and cranial rotation angle were measured with 24 patients who were diagnosed with forward head posture. The experimental group conducted bodyblade exercise for 6 weeks and all patients received conventional physical therapy. The craniovertebral angle and cranial rotation angle were measured using a diagnostic imaging device to measure the change in forward head posture...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942108/effects-of-scapular-stability-exercise-on-shoulder-stability-and-rehabilitative-ultrasound-images-in-office-workers
#15
Seong-Uk Go, Byoung-Hee Lee
[Purpose] To examine the clinical effectiveness of scapular stability exercise on shoulder stability and rehabilitative ultrasound images in office workers. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty-eight subjects were randomly divided into a scapular stability exercise group (n=19) and a manual therapy group (n=19). Subjects in the scapular stability exercise group performed a scapular stability exercise designed to correct the abnormal location of the scapula, at 40 minutes per session, two times per week, for 6 weeks...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935434/unilateral-fatigue-affects-the-unipedal-postural-balance-in-individuals-with-intellectual-disability
#16
Rihab Borji, Haithem Rebai, Rym Baccouch, Rabeb Laatar, Sonia Sahli
This study aimed to explore the effect of local muscle fatigue on the unipedal stance in men with intellectual disability (ID). The Centre of pressure (CoP) excursions and the isometric maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) were measured before and after a fatiguing exercise. Higher baseline values of CoP excursions and lower MVC values were recorded in the ID group. After the fatiguing exercise, this group showed higher MVC decrease and higher percentage of increase of the mean CoP velocity. In conclusion, men with ID are more vulnerable to the disturbing effects of fatigue during the unipedal stance compared to men without ID...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928136/evaluation-of-the-comprehensive-health-program-sumida-take10-for-community-dwelling-older-adults-which-aims-to-prevent-or-delay-the-need-for-long-term-nursing-care
#17
Mika Kimura, Ai Moriyasu, Shu Kumagai, Taketo Furuna
Objective The purpose of this study was to evaluate the comprehensive health program "Sumida TAKE10!", which aims to improve dietary habits and promote physical activity among community-dwelling older adults including the pre-frail elderly. This study has been ongoing since 2005 in Sumida Ward, Tokyo with the ultimate aim of preventing or delaying the need for long-term nursing care. We used the term "pre-frail elderly" for older adults who are at risk of requiring long-term care.Methods "Sumida TAKE10!" consists of a general lecture in a public hall followed by 5 educational sessions biweekly at 4-6 community centers...
2016: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927020/development-of-a-measure-of-therapy-provision-for-spasticity-management-in-the-paretic-lower-limb-the-leg-therapy-recording-schedule-legts
#18
Stephen Ashford, Diana Jackson, Lynne Turner-Stokes
PURPOSE: In rehabilitation studies, it is critical to understand the constituents of interventions. First, to enable replication of the work and second, to identify what treatments work best. The development of a tool to describe and quantify therapy interventions in the context of focal spasticity management is presented. METHODS: Potential intervention categories were identified from: (a) retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data from a cohort of patients (n = 62) receiving physical interventions in the context of botulinum toxin (BoNT) injection for leg spasticity and (b) cognitive de-briefing with Patient and Carer Advisory Group (PCAG) of patient and carer dyads (n = 8)...
December 7, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923177/the-effect-of-exergaming-on-knee-proprioception-in-older-men-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Hassan Sadeghi, Mohammad Nazrul Hakim, Tengku Aizan Hamid, Saidon Bin Amri, Mohsen Razeghi, Mohammadreza Farazdaghi, Elham Shakoor
BACKGROUND: Proprioception is the ability to sense the body position, muscle sense, joint stability and posture. As balance decreases during the process of aging, knee proprioception has a critical role in body balance and daily activities. Exergaming has shown to be a potentially effective and more enjoyable form of exercise delivery. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of an 8-week Xbox Kinect exercise program on knee proprioception in healthy older adults...
March 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918482/fuzzy-computing-model-of-activity-recognition-on-wsn-movement-data-for-ubiquitous-healthcare-measurement
#20
Shu-Yin Chiang, Yao-Chiang Kan, Yun-Shan Chen, Ying-Ching Tu, Hsueh-Chun Lin
Ubiquitous health care (UHC) is beneficial for patients to ensure they complete therapeutic exercises by self-management at home. We designed a fuzzy computing model that enables recognizing assigned movements in UHC with privacy. The movements are measured by the self-developed body motion sensor, which combines both accelerometer and gyroscope chips to make an inertial sensing node compliant with a wireless sensor network (WSN). The fuzzy logic process was studied to calculate the sensor signals that would entail necessary features of static postures and dynamic motions...
December 3, 2016: Sensors
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