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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351473/sympathetically-mediated-cardiac-responses-to-isolated-muscle-metaboreflex-activation-following-exercise-are-modulated-by-body-position-in-humans
#1
André L Teixeira, Mauricio Daher, Mayara Souza, Plinio Santos Ramos, James P Fisher, Lauro C Vianna
Isolated muscle metaboreflex activation with post-handgrip exercise ischemia (PEI) increases sympathetic nerve activity and partially maintains the exercise-induced increase in blood pressure, but a smaller heart rate (HR) response occurs. The cardiopulmonary baroreceptors, mechanically sensitive receptors that respond to changes in central blood volume and pressure, are strongly associated with changes in body position and upon activation elicit reflex sympathoinhibition. Here, we tested the hypothesis that postural changes modulate the sympathetically-mediated cardiac response to PEI in humans...
December 15, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347946/effects-of-long-term-balance-training-with-vibrotactile-sensory-augmentation-among-community-dwelling-healthy-older-adults-a-randomized-preliminary-study
#2
Tian Bao, Wendy J Carender, Catherine Kinnaird, Vincent J Barone, Geeta Peethambaran, Susan L Whitney, Mohammed Kabeto, Rachael D Seidler, Kathleen H Sienko
BACKGROUND: Sensory augmentation has been shown to improve postural stability during real-time balance applications. Limited long-term controlled studies have examined retention of balance improvements in healthy older adults after training with sensory augmentation has ceased. This pilot study aimed to assess the efficacy of long-term balance training with and without sensory augmentation among community-dwelling healthy older adults. METHODS: Twelve participants (four males, eight females; 75...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342932/interstitial-glucose-and-physical-exercise-in-type-1-diabetes-integrative-physiology-technology-and-the-gap-in-between
#3
REVIEW
Othmar Moser, Jane E Yardley, Richard M Bracken
Continuous and flash glucose monitoring systems measure interstitial fluid glucose concentrations within a body compartment that is dramatically altered by posture and is responsive to the physiological and metabolic changes that enable exercise performance in individuals with type 1 diabetes. Body fluid redistribution within the interstitial compartment, alterations in interstitial fluid volume, changes in rate and direction of fluid flow between the vasculature, interstitium and lymphatics, as well as alterations in the rate of glucose production and uptake by exercising tissues, make for caution when interpreting device read-outs in a rapidly changing internal environment during acute exercise...
January 15, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340715/postural-control-and-the-relation-with-cervical-sensorimotor-control-in-patients-with-idiopathic-adult-onset-cervical-dystonia
#4
J De Pauw, R Mercelis, A Hallemans, G Van Gils, S Truijen, P Cras, W De Hertogh
Cervical dystonia (CD) is a movement disorder characterized by involuntary muscle contractions leading to an abnormal head posture or movements of the neck. Dysfunctions in somatosensory integration are present and previous data showed enlarged postural sway in stance. Postural control during quiet sitting and the correlation with cervical sensorimotor control were investigated. Postural control during quiet sitting was measured via body sway parameters in 23 patients with CD, regularly receiving botulinum toxin treatment and compared with 36 healthy controls...
January 16, 2018: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338489/multimodal-physiotherapy-treatment-based-on-a-biobehavioral-approach-for-patients-with-chronic-cervico-craniofacial-pain-a-prospective-case-series
#5
Fernando Marcos-Martín, Luis González-Ferrero, Noelia Martín-Alcocer, Alba Paris-Alemany, Roy La Touche
The purpose of this prospective case series was to observe and describe changes in patients with chronic cervico-craniofacial pain of muscular origin treated with multimodal physiotherapy based on a biobehavioral approach. Nine patients diagnosed with chronic myofascial temporomandibular disorder and neck pain were treated with 6 sessions over the course of 2 weeks including: (1) orthopedic manual physiotherapy (joint mobilizations, neurodynamic mobilization, and dynamic soft tissue mobilizations); (2) therapeutic exercises (motor control and muscular endurance exercises); and (3) patient education...
January 17, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335773/effects-of-combining-ergonomic-interventions-and-motor-control-exercises-on-muscle-activity-and-kinematics-in-people-with-work-related-neck-shoulder-pain
#6
Sharon M H Tsang, Billy C L So, Rufina W L Lau, Jie Dai, Grace P Y Szeto
PURPOSE: This study compared the effects of "Ergomotor" intervention and conventional physiotherapy, on influencing the motor control in the neck-shoulder region in people with work-related neck-shoulder pain (WRNSP). METHODS: 101 patients (age range 20-54 years) diagnosed with chronic WRNSP were randomized into control (CO) group (n = 50) and Ergomotor (EM) group (n = 51). Each group received a 12-week intervention. Participants in CO group received treatment for pain relief and general exercises...
January 15, 2018: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333722/cardiovascular-adjustments-during-anticipated-postural-changes
#7
Neesirg M Patel, Ethan A G Baker, Samuel R Wittman, Isaiah C Engstrom, George H Bourdages, Andrew A McCall, Derek M Miller, Bill J Yates
It is well-documented that feedforward cardiovascular responses occur at the onset of exercise, but it is unclear if such responses are associated with other types of movements. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that feedforward cardiovascular responses occur when a passive (imposed) 60° head-up tilt is anticipated, such that changes in heart rate and carotid artery blood flow (CBF) commence prior to the onset of the rotation. A light cue preceded head-up tilts by 10 sec, and heart rate and CBF were determined for 5-sec time periods prior to and during tilts...
January 2018: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332761/exercise-on-balance-and-function-for-knee-osteoarthritis-a%C3%A2-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Roberta de Matos Brunelli Braghin, Elisa Cavalheiro Libardi, Carina Junqueira, Marcello Henrique Nogueira-Barbosa, Daniela Cristina Carvalho de Abreu
OBJECTIVES: To assess balance and function of symptomatic and asymptomatic subjects with knee osteoarthritis (OA) and investigate the influence of physical exercise. DESIGN: Subjects were divided into three groups: Group 1 (n = 15), symptomatic knee OA; Group 2 (n = 11), asymptomatic knee OA; and Group 3 (n = 16), knee OA and no intervention. History of falls, the WOMAC questionnaire, balance and functionality were assessed. RESULTS: After intervention, there was a significant difference in the total WOMAC score and in the pain and function domains only in Group 1...
January 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332741/abdominal-and-pelvic-floor-electromyographic-analysis-during-abdominal-hypopressive-gymnastics
#9
Lucas Ithamar, Alberto Galvão de Moura Filho, Marco Aurélio Benedetti Rodrigues, Kelly Cristina Duque Cortez, Vinícius Gomes Machado, Claudia Regina Oliveira de Paiva Lima, Eduarda Moretti, Andrea Lemos
INTRODUCTION: Abdominal hypopressive gymnastics appeared as an alternative to traditional abdominal exercises to promote abdominal muscles strength without overloading the pelvic floor muscles (PFM). To determine the activation level of abdominal muscles and PFM and the posture influence in the level of activation in these muscles during abdominal hypopressive gymnastics, we used surface electromyography in young and healthy multipara women. METHODS: This is an observational study with eutrophic nulliparous women aged between 18 and 35 years, with abdominal skinfold less than or equal to 3 cm and active or irregularly active physical activity...
January 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326899/effectiveness-of-a-multimodal-exercise-rehabilitation-program-on-walking-capacity-and-functionality-after-a-stroke
#10
Montserrat Grau Pellicer, Andrés Chamarro Lusar, Josep Medina Casanovas, Bernat-Carles Serdà Ferrer
The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of a 12-week multimodal exercise rehabilitation program on walking speed, walking ability and activities of daily living (ADLs) among people who had suffered a stroke. Thirty-one stroke survivors who had completed a conventional rehabilitation program voluntarily participated in the study. Twenty-six participants completed the multimodal exercise rehabilitation program (2 days/wk, 1 hr/session). Physical outcome measures were: walking speed (10-m walking test), walking ability (6-min walking test and functional ambulation classification) and ADLs (Barthel Index)...
December 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326874/only-some-patients-with-bulbar-and-spinal-muscular-atrophy-may-develop-cardiac-disease
#11
Josef Finsterer, Claudia Stöllberger
Objectives: According to recent publications, some patients with spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy (BSMA) develop cardiac disease, manifesting as ST-segment abnormalities, Brugada-syndrome, dilative cardiomyopathy, or sudden cardiac death. Here we present neurological and cardiac data of a BSMA patient who was followed up for 10 y. Case report: In a male patient aged 47 y, BSMA was diagnosed at age 37 y upon the typical clinical presentation (postural tremor since age 12 y, dysarthria since age 15 y, muscle cramps since age 29 y, general myalgias since age 32 y, general fasciculations since age 34 y, myoclonic jerks, easy fatigability, dyspnea upon exercise since age 36 y) and a CAG-repeat expansion of 47 ± 1 repeats in the androgen-receptor gene detected at age 37 y...
March 2018: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326318/long-term-benefits-of-airway-clearance-in-bronchiectasis-a-randomised-placebo-controlled-trial
#12
Gerard Muñoz, Javier de Gracia, Maria Buxó, Antonio Alvarez, Montserrat Vendrell
Keeping airways clear of mucus by airway clearance techniques seems essential in bronchiectasis treatment, although no placebo-controlled trials or any studies lasting longer than 3 months have been conducted. We evaluate the efficacy of the ELTGOL (slow expiration with the glottis opened in the lateral posture) technique over a 1-year period in bronchiectasis patients with chronic expectoration in a randomised placebo-controlled trial.Patients were randomised to perform the ELTGOL technique (n=22) or placebo exercises (n=22) twice-daily (ClinicalTrials...
January 2018: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325537/factors-associated-with-the-prevalence-of-back-pain-and-work-absence-in-shipyard-workers
#13
Seiji Watanabe, Toshiaki Takahashi, Jun Takeba, Hiromasa Miura
BACKGROUND: We conducted a questionnaire survey of shipyard workers to identify difficulties experienced due to orthopedic or musculoskeletal disorders. METHODS: The subjects were 375 workers (male, 361; female, 14) who worked for a single shipbuilding company. Questionnaire items covered the working environment, including work environment, working posture, and the weight of objects that the subject dealt with, as well as physical and lifestyle characteristics, namely smoking habits, drinking habits, sleeping hours, medications, exercise habits, and any weight gain of 20 kg or more since the age of 20...
January 11, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318917/the-effectiveness-of-combining-inspiratory-muscle-training-with-manual-therapy-and-a-therapeutic-exercise-program-on-maximum-inspiratory-pressure-in-adults-with-asthma-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
Ibai López-de-Uralde-Villanueva, Pablo Candelas-Fernández, Beatriz de-Diego-Cano, Orcález Mínguez-Calzada, Tamara Del Corral
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate whether the addition of manual therapy and therapeutic exercise protocol to inspiratory muscle training was more effective in improving maximum inspiratory pressure than inspiratory muscle training in isolation. DESIGN: This is a single-blinded, randomized controlled trial. SUBJECTS: In total, 43 patients with asthma were included in this study. INTERVENTIONS: The patients were allocated into one of the two groups: (1) inspiratory muscle training ( n = 21; 20-minute session) or (2) inspiratory muscle training (20-minute session) combined with a program of manual therapy (15-minute session) and therapeutic exercise (15-minute session; n = 22)...
January 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315829/effects-of-acute-isometric-resistance-exercise-on-cervicomedullary-motor-evoked-potentials
#15
James L Nuzzo, Benjamin K Barry, Simon C Gandevia, Janet L Taylor
Cervicomedullary motor evoked potentials (CMEPs) in relaxed biceps brachii have been reported to facilitate after acute isometric exercise of the elbow flexors. This facilitation, which reflects either enhanced corticospinal transmission or increased motoneurone excitability, has only been documented in the limb posture used during exercise. In Experiment 1, we tested if these spinal changes "transfer" to a second posture. Fourteen individuals completed 12 sets of high-force isometric contractions of the elbow flexors with the forearm pronated...
January 6, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313153/first-symptoms-in-multiple-system-atrophy
#16
Jake H McKay, William P Cheshire
PURPOSE: The initial symptoms of multiple system atrophy (MSA) and, in particular, early autonomic symptoms, have received less attention than motor symptoms. Whereas pathognomonic motor signs are essential to diagnostic specificity, early symptoms important to recognition of a neurodegenerative disorder may be less apparent or diagnostically ambiguous. This observational study sought to identify the very earliest symptoms in the natural history of MSA. METHODS: Detailed clinical histories focusing on early symptoms were obtained from 30 subjects recently diagnosed with MSA...
January 8, 2018: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303400/the-sequence-of-prevention-for-musculoskeletal-injuries-among-recreational-basketballers-a-systematic-review-of-the-scientific-literature
#17
Özgür Kilic, Vivian van Os, Ellen Kemler, Maarten Barendrecht, Vincent Gouttebarge
OBJECTIVE: Currently, there is no overview of the incidence and (basketball-specific) risk factors of musculoskeletal injuries among recreational basketball players, nor any insight into the effect of preventive measures on the incidence of basketball injuries. This study aimed to gather systematically the scientific evidence on the incidence, prevalence, aetiology and preventive measures for musculoskeletal injuries among recreational basketball players. METHODS: Highly sensitive search strategies were built based on three groups of keywords (and related search terms)...
January 5, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299376/aerobic-anti-gravity-exercise-in-patients-with-charcot-marie-tooth-disease-types-1a-and-x-a-pilot-study
#18
Kirsten L Knak, Linda K Andersen, John Vissing
Background: Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease is a hereditary neuropathy associated with impaired walking capacity. Some patients are too weak in the lower extremity muscles to walk at gravity with sufficient intensity or duration to gain benefit. Aim: The aim was to investigate the effect of aerobic anti-gravity exercise in weak patients with CMT 1A and X. Methods: Five adult patients performed moderate-intensity aerobic anti-gravity exercise 3/week for 10 weeks...
December 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289541/supervised-balance-training-and-wii-fit-based-exercises-lower-falls-risk-in-older-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#19
Steven Morrison, Rachel Simmons, Sheri R Colberg, Henri K Parson, Aaron I Vinik
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the benefits of and differences between 12 weeks of thrice-weekly supervised balance training and an unsupervised at-home balance activity (using the Nintendo Wii Fit) for improving balance and reaction time and lowering falls risk in older individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). DESIGN: Before-after trial. SETTING: University research laboratory, home environment. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-five older adults with type 2 diabetes were recruited for this study...
December 27, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288590/combined-electrical-stimulation-and-exercise-for-swallow-rehabilitation-post-stroke-a-pilot-randomized-control-trial
#20
Lise Sproson, Sue Pownall, Pam Enderby, Jenny Freeman
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia is common after stroke, affecting up to 50% of patients initially. It can lead to post-stroke pneumonia, which causes 30% of stroke-related deaths, a longer hospital stay and poorer health outcomes. Dysphagia care post-stroke generally focuses on the management of symptoms, via modified oral intake textures and adapted posture, rather than direct physical rehabilitation of the swallowing function. Transcutaneous neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) is a promising rehabilitation technology that can be used to stimulate swallowing; however, findings regarding efficacy have been conflicting...
December 30, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
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