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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339334/a-movement-system-impairment-approach-to-evaluation-and-treatment-of-a-person-with-lumbar-radiculopathy-a-case-report
#1
Eileen Miller, Shirley A Sahrmann, Dale Avers
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There are several systems of classification and treatment of patients with low back pain (LBP) based on assessment of the effect of lumbar postures and movements on symptoms. The efficacy of one of these systems, The Movement System Impairment (MSI) method, has not yet been demonstrated in the literature. The purpose of this case report is to describe the approach of the MSI method for an individual with lumbar radiculopathy. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 79-year-old woman with a history of chronic LBP was referred to PT with a physician's diagnosis of sciatica...
March 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338396/should-ballet-dancers-vary-postures-and-under-foot-surfaces-when-practicing-postural-balance
#2
Nili Steinberg, Gordon Waddington, Roger Adams, Janet Karin, Oren Tirosh
BACKGROUND: Postural balance (PB) is an important component skill for professional dancers. However, the effects of different types of postures and different underfoot surfaces on PB have not been adequately addressed. PURPOSE: The main aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of different conditions of footwear, surfaces, and standing positions on static and dynamic PB ability of young ballet dancers. METHOD: Thirty-six male and female young professional ballet dancers (aged 14-19) completed static and dynamic balance testing, measured by head and lumbar accelerometers, while standing on one leg in the turn-out position, under six different conditions: 1...
March 24, 2017: Motor Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329750/optoelectronic-plethysmography-in-clinical-practice-and-research-a-review
#3
Carlo Massaroni, Elena Carraro, Andrea Vianello, Sandra Miccinilli, Michelangelo Morrone, Irisz K Levai, Emiliano Schena, Paola Saccomandi, Silvia Sterzi, John W Dickinson, Samantha Winter, Sergio Silvestri
BACKGROUND: Optoelectronic plethysmography (OEP) is a non-invasive motion capture method to measure chest wall movements and estimate lung volumes. OBJECTIVES: To provide an overview of the clinical findings and research applications of OEP in the assessment of breathing mechanics across populations of healthy and diseased individuals. METHODS: A bibliographic research was performed with the terms "opto-electronic plethysmography," "optoelectronic plethysmography," and "optoelectronic plethysmograph" in 50 digital library and bibliographic search databases resulting in the selection of 170 studies...
March 23, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322760/-effects-of-exergames-on-quality-of-life-pain-and-disease-impact-in-women-with-fibromyalgia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Daniel Collado-Mateo, Francisco Javier Dominguez-Muñoz, Jose Carmelo Adsuar, Miguel Angel Garcia-Gordillo, Narcis Gusi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of an exergame-based intervention in a population sample of women with fibromyalgia. DESIGN: This study was a single-blinded, randomized controlled trial for 8-week intervention. SETTING: Fibromyalgia center. PARTICIPANTS: Participants (only women) were divided into two groups: an exercise group (n=42; mean age ± SD, 52.52 ± 9.73) and a control group (n=41; mean age ± SD, 52.47 ± 8...
March 18, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320889/trunk-muscle-activation-during-movement-with-a-new-exercise-device-for-lumbo-pelvic-reconditioning
#5
Tobias Weber, Dorothée Debuse, Sauro E Salomoni, Edith L Elgueta Cancino, Enrico De Martino, Nick Caplan, Volker Damann, Jonathan Scott, Paul W Hodges
Gravitational unloading leads to adaptations of the human body, including the spine and its adjacent structures, making it more vulnerable to injury and pain. The Functional Re-adaptive Exercise Device (FRED) has been developed to activate the deep spinal muscles, lumbar multifidus (LM) and transversus abdominis (TrA), that provide inter-segmental control and spinal protection. The FRED provides an unstable base of support and combines weight bearing in up-right posture with side alternating, elliptical leg movements, without any resistance to movement...
March 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315016/biomechanics-of-the-osteoporotic-spine-pain-and-principles-of-training
#6
Guido Schröder, Andreas Knauerhase, Holger S Willenberg, Guenther Kundt, Detlef Wendig, Hans-Christof Schober
INTRODUCTION: A fracture is a clinical manifestation of osteoporosis and is one of the main causes of functional limitations and chronic pain in patients with osteoporosis. Muscle and coordination training are recommended to the patients as general measures. We inquired whether sling training is better than traditional physiotherapy in relieving pain and improving abilities of daily living. METHODS: Fifty patients with osteoporosis were divided into two groups. Group A performed conventional physiotherapy, while Group B performed sling training exercises...
March 17, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304226/integration-of-active-pauses-and-pattern-of-muscular-activity-during-computer-work
#7
Nancy St-Onge, Afshin Samani, Pascal Madeleine
Submaximal isometric muscle contractions have been reported to increase variability of muscle activation during computer work; however, other types of active contractions may be more beneficial. Our objective was to determine which type of active pause vs. rest is more efficient in changing muscle activity pattern during a computer task. Asymptomatic regular computer users performed a standardised 20-min computer task four times, integrating a different type of pause: sub-maximal isometric contraction, dynamic contraction, postural exercise and rest...
March 17, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303248/fitness-effects-of-10-month-frequent-low-volume-ball-game-training-or-interval-running-for-8-10-year-old-school-children
#8
Malte Nejst Larsen, Claus Malta Nielsen, Christina Ørntoft, Morten Bredsgaard Randers, Eva Wulff Helge, Mads Madsen, Vibeke Manniche, Lone Hansen, Peter Riis Hansen, Jens Bangsbo, Peter Krustrup
We investigated the exercise intensity and fitness effects of frequent school-based low-volume high-intensity training for 10 months in 8-10-year-old children. 239 Danish 3rd-grade school children from four schools were cluster-randomised into a control group (CON, n = 116) or two training groups performing either 5 × 12 min/wk small-sided football plus other ball games (SSG, n = 62) or interval running (IR, n = 61). Whole-body DXA scans, flamingo balance, standing long-jump, 20 m sprint, and Yo-Yo IR1 children's tests (YYIR1C) were performed before and after the intervention...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299299/effect-of-early-physical-activity-programs-on-motor-performance-and-neuromuscular-development-in-infants-born-preterm-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
Leila Valizadeh, Mahnaz Sanaeefar, Mohammad Bager Hosseini, Mohammad Asgari Jafarabadi, Aryan Shamili
Introduction: Although the survival rate of infants born preterm has increased, the prevalence of developmental problems and motor disorders among this population of infants remains the same. This study investigated the effect of physical activity programs in and out of water on motor performance and neuromuscular development of infants born preterm and had induced immobility by mechanical ventilation. Methods: This study was carried out in Al-Zahra hospital, Tabriz. 76 premature infants were randomly assigned into four groups...
March 2017: Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295912/training-with-a-balance-exercise-assist-robot-is-more-effective-than-conventional-training-for-frail-older-adults
#10
Kenichi Ozaki, Izumi Kondo, Satoshi Hirano, Hitoshi Kagaya, Eiichi Saitoh, Aiko Osawa, Yoichi Fujinori
AIM: To examine the efficacy of postural strategy training using a balance exercise assist robot (BEAR) as compared with conventional balance training for frail older adults. METHODS: The present study was designed as a cross-over trial without a washout term. A total of 27 community-dwelling frail or prefrail elderly residents (7 men, 20 women; age range 65-85 years) were selected from a volunteer sample. Two exercises were prepared for interventions: robotic exercise moving the center of gravity by the balance exercise assist robot system; and conventional balance training combining muscle-strengthening exercise, postural strategy training and applied motion exercise...
March 10, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293984/hip-prosthesis-in-sitting-posture-for-bilateral-transfemoral-amputee-after-burn-injury-a-case-report
#11
Yukiyo Shimizu, Hirotaka Mutsuzaki, Takayuki Maezawa, Yuji Idei, Kazuya Takao, Ryoko Takeuchi, Shinzo Onishi, Yasushi Hada, Masashi Yamazaki, Yasuyoshi Wadano
BACKGROUND: To overcome the challenges of rehabilitation of bilateral transfemoral amputees, we developed a novel "hip prosthesis in the sitting posture." Case Description and Methods: A 64-year-old male bilateral transfemoral amputee was transferred for rehabilitation 4 months following a burn injury. His wounds remained unhealed for 20 months; thus, he was unable to participate in standing training with the standard prosthetic sockets. Hip prosthesis in the sitting posture has very little friction between the sockets and residual limbs, which facilitated our patient to begin standing and walking exercises...
December 1, 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292884/vascular-conductance-and-muscle-blood-flow-during-exercise-are-altered-by-inspired-oxygen-fraction-and-arterial-perfusion-pressure
#12
Rodrigo Villar, Richard L Hughson
We tested the hypothesis during the combined challenges of altered inspired O2 fraction (FIO2) and posture changes at lower power output regardless of body position that the vascular conductance (VC) recruitment to the exercising muscle would not limit muscle perfusion and estimated O2 delivery (DO2est ). However, in head-down tilt at the higher power output exercise in hypoxia, the recruitment of VC would have a functional limitation which would restrict muscle blood flow (MBF) leading to a limitation in DO2est with consequent increases in metabolic stress...
March 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291825/development-and-evaluation-of-a-soft-wearable-weight-support-device-for-reducing-muscle-fatigue-on-shoulder
#13
Daegeun Park, Kyu-Jin Cho
Compensating the weight of human limbs is important in reducing muscle fatigue experienced by manual laborers. In this study, a compact and lightweight soft wearable weight support device was developed and evaluated. The device supports gravitational force on the shoulder at any arm posture, although there are some limitations in its assistive performance. The device actuator consists of a cam-rod structure, a tendon-driven mechanism, and a rubber band. The desired assistive torque is translated to the shoulder joint along a tendon routing structure...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290764/twelve-week-exercise-influences-memory-complaint-but-not-memory-performance-in-older-adults-a-randomized-controlled-study
#14
Enzo Iuliano, Giovanni Fiorilli, Giovanna Aquino, Alfonso Di Costanzo, Giuseppe Calcagno, Alessandra di Cagno
This study aimed to evaluate the effects of different types of exercise on memory performance and memory complaint after 12-week intervention. Eighty community-dwelling volunteers, aged 66.96 ± 11.73 years, were randomly divided into four groups: resistance, cardiovascular, postural and control groups (20 participants for each group). All participants were tested for their cognitive functions before and after their respective 12-weeks intervention using Rey memory words test, Prose memory test, and Memory Complaint Questionnaire (MAC-Q)...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286241/prognostic-indicators-for-decrease-in-tinnitus-severity-after-cervical-physical-therapy-in-patients-with-cervicogenic-somatic-tinnitus
#15
S Michiels, P Van de Heyning, S Truijen, A Hallemans, W De Hertogh
BACKGROUND: Tinnitus can be related to many different aetiologies such as hearing loss or a noise trauma, but it can also be related to the somatosensory system of the cervical spine, called cervicogenic somatic tinnitus(CST). Recently, a positive effect of multi-modal cervical physical therapy on tinnitus severity in patients with CST was demonstrated. To date however, the outcome of the intervention cannot be predicted. OBJECTIVE: To identify prognostic indicators for decrease in tinnitus severity after cervical physical therapy in patients with CST...
March 6, 2017: Musculoskelet Sci Pract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284237/interpreting-pain-symptoms-and-how-pain-affects-neuromuscular-control-in-dancersif-i-m-in-pain-how-should-i-train
#16
Andrew P Claus, David A Macdonald
This review draws from leading research on pain neuroscience and control of posture and movement to help inform rehabilitation approaches and when it may or may not be prudent to "dance through" pain. Control of posture and movement is frequently distorted by pain perception, and that may not be altered even when the pain is resolved. It is important to exclude serious systemic disease or major tissue injury with severe, unremitting, or persistent symptoms before focusing on movement-based rehabilitation. Both specific exercises (contraction of specific muscles and use of movement techniques) and general exercises (which promote strength, power, endurance, and flexibility) can help to manage individuals with persistent pain problems...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282846/the-effect-of-a-wearable-device-prompting-high-school-students-aged-17-18-years-to-break-up-periods-of-prolonged-sitting-in-class
#17
Hanna A Frank, Karen Jacobs, Hugh McLoone
BACKGROUND: Increasingly, evidence shows that prolonged sedentary behavior factors into the health equation on its own, unrelated to weight and periods of intense exercise. In schools, students are required to sit for long periods of time. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether reminders (via a wearable device) to change posture, change students' behavior and impacts their subjective wellbeing. PARTICIPANTS: Ten students of ages 17 to 18 years at a public high school in Bellevue, Washington, USA...
March 4, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282792/effects-of-kinesio-taping-and-exercise-on-forward-head-posture
#18
Hsu-Sheng Shih, Shu-Shi Chen, Su-Chun Cheng, Hsun-Wen Chang, Pei-Rong Wu, Jin-Shiou Yang, Yi-Shuang Lee, Jui-Yi Tsou
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the effects of Kinesio taping and therapeutic exercise on correcting forward head posture. OBJECTIVE: To compare Kinesio taping versus therapeutic exercise for forward head posture on static posture, dynamic mobility and functional outcomes. METHODS: Sixty subjects (31 women, 29 men) with forward head postures participated in this study. They were randomly assigned to either one of the three groups: (1) exercise group (n = 20), (2) taping group (n = 20), and (3) control groups (n = 20)...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281730/cardiovascular-risk-reduction-in-sedentary-postmenopausal-women-during-organized-physical-activity
#19
Krzysztof Mazurek, Piotr Żmijewski, Ewa Kozdroń, Anna Fojt, Anna Czajkowska, Piotr Szczypiorski, Tomasz Mazurek
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular (CV) diseases are the major cause of death in elderly women. Aerobic training (AT) improves component CV risk factors. Long-time higher-intensity group-based and home-based exercise training has been determined to improve exercise performance. However it is not clear if short-time group-based or home-based training with educational program permanently improves cardiometabolic parameters in elderly women. AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of organized physical activity programs dedicated to elderly, sedentary women...
March 10, 2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274326/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-outcome-measures-to-assess-postural-control-in-older-adults-who-undertake-exergaming
#20
REVIEW
Robin Tahmosybayat, Katherine Baker, Alan Godfrey, Nick Caplan, Gill Barry
Exergaming has been shown to be an effective tool to improve postural control (PC) in older community-dwelling individuals. The outcome measures (OMs) used to assess PC are varied and this could limit the estimation of the effectiveness of the intervention. This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to explore the OMs currently used to assess PC in exergaming interventions, for healthy elderly individuals aged over 60 years. The literature search was conducted across five databases (CINAHL, EMBASE, PubMed, ISI, SPORTdiscus and Science Direct) using a range of search terms and combinations relating to exergaming, balance, exercise, falls and elderly...
April 2017: Maturitas
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