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Postural exercises

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777980/trunk-postural-adjustments-medium-term-reliability-and-correlation-with-changes-of-clinical-outcomes-following-an-8-week-lumbar-stabilization-exercise-program
#1
Jean-Alexandre Boucher, Richard Preuss, Sharon M Henry, Marilee Nugent, Christian Larivière
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) has been previously associated with delayed anticipatory postural adjustments (APAs) determined by trunk muscle activation. Lumbar stabilization exercise programs (LSEP) for patients with LBP may restore the trunk neuromuscular control of the lumbar spine, and normalize APAs. This exploratory study aimed at testing the reliability of EMG and kinematics-based postural adjustment measures over an 8-week interval, assessing their sensitivity to LBP status and treatment and examining their relationship with clinical outcomes...
April 22, 2018: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777115/a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial-of-game-based-training-in-individuals-with-spinocerebellar-ataxia-type-3
#2
Ray-Yau Wang, Fang-Yi Huang, Bing-Wen Soong, Shih-Fong Huang, Yea-Ru Yang
Exergames are interactive video games used for exercise and may have therapeutic value in people with degenerative ataxia. The purpose of this study was to investigate potential effects of exergaming training on cerebellar ataxia in people with spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 (SCA3). Nine individuals with SCA3 were recruited and randomized to either exergaming or conventional group for a 4-week training period. The severity of ataxia was measured as the primary outcome by the Scale for the Assessment and Rating of Ataxia (SARA) and by the directional control of the limit of stability test...
May 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767227/effect-of-a-balance-training-programme-on-postural-balance-aerobic-capacity-and-frequency-of-falls-in-women-with-osteoporosis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Ibolya Miko, Imre Szerb, Anna Szerb, Tamas Bender, Gyula Poor
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of a 12-month complex balance-training programme on static and dynamic postural balance, aerobic capacity and frequency of falls in women with established osteoporosis. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial in which the intervention group was assigned a 12-month exercise programme (3 times a week for 30 min) and the control group had no intervention. SUBJECTS: A total of 100 osteoporotic women with at least one previous fracture...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765313/can-tai-chi-and-qigong-postures-shape-our-mood-toward-an-embodied-cognition-framework-for-mind-body-research
#4
Kamila Osypiuk, Evan Thompson, Peter M Wayne
Dynamic and static body postures are a defining characteristic of mind-body practices such as Tai Chi and Qigong (TCQ). A growing body of evidence supports the hypothesis that TCQ may be beneficial for psychological health, including management and prevention of depression and anxiety. Although a variety of causal factors have been identified as potential mediators of such health benefits, physical posture, despite its visible prominence, has been largely overlooked. We hypothesize that body posture while standing and/or moving may be a key therapeutic element mediating the influence of TCQ on psychological health...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765191/alleviation-of-posttraumatic-dizziness-by-restoration-of-the-cervical-lordosis-a-cbp-%C3%A2-case-study-with-a-one-year-follow-up
#5
Miles O Fortner, Paul A Oakley, Deed E Harrison
[Purpose] To present the successful treatment of posttraumatic dizziness and neck pains that were initiated in a patient following a whiplash event. [Subject and Methods] A 46 year old male suffered a whiplash event that initiated neck pain and dizziness symptoms. The patient had many positive orthopedic findings and demonstrated a forward head posture and cervical hypolordosis. The patient was treated by Chiropractic BioPhysics® technique including cervical extension traction, extension exercises and spinal manipulative therapy initially three times a week for 16-weeks, and once a month thereafter...
May 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765176/impairments-of-postural-control-functional-performance-and-strength-in-morbidly-obese-patients-awaiting-bariatric-surgery-in-comparison-to-healthy-individuals
#6
Max Lennart Eckstein, Jimmy Bradley Lawrence, Christoph Otto, Peggy Kotsch, Janin Messerschmidt, Richard Michael Bracken, Othmar Moser
[Purpose] There is a lack of information evaluating specific markers of performance in patients awaiting bariatric surgery. We aimed to assess the postural control, functional performance, strength and endurance performance for morbidly obese patients awaiting bariatric surgery compared to lean controls. [Subjects and Methods] All parameters were assessed by modified Y-balance test, timed-up-and-go-test, maximum strength testing on resistance exercise equipment and cardio-pulmonary exercise testing on a cycle ergometer in 10 morbidly obese patients awaiting bariatric surgery and 10 age- and sex-matched lean controls...
May 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758971/effects-of-dancesport-on-walking-balance-and-standing-balance-among-the-elderly
#7
Jeehoon Sohn, Sung-Ha Park, Sukwon Kim
BACKGROUND: Dancesport is a popular activity among older adults who look for fun and fitness in Korea. Studies reported positive sociological and psychological effects of dancesport. But, little studies were performed to evaluate the effects of dancesport on balance performances. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effects of dancesport for 15 weeks on walking balance and standing balance of older adults. METHODS: Older adults regularly participated in the dancesport program 3 times a week for 15 weeks...
May 4, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757061/exercise-induced-laryngeal-obstruction-in-athletes-contributory-factors-and-treatment-implications
#8
Liv-Jorunn Kolnes, Trine Stensrud
Otherwise healthy adolescent athletes presenting with respiratory symptoms consistent with exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction (EILO) are frequently encountered in clinical practice. The symptoms are often incorrectly considered to result from exercise-induced asthma, and may be wrongly treated as such. Given the potential implications for health and performance if EILO is left untreated, a more comprehensive understanding of contributory mechanisms is essential in order to create appropriate treatment procedures...
May 14, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746382/warm-up-optimizes-postural-control-but-requires-some-minutes-of-recovery
#9
Thierry Paillard, Mohamed Abdelhafid Kadri, Merbouha Boulahbel Nouar, Frederic Noé
Paillard, T, Kadri, MA, Nouar, MB, and Noé, F. Warm-up optimizes postural control but requires some minutes of recovery. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-The aim was to compare monopedal postural control between the dominant leg (D-Leg) and the nondominant leg (ND-Leg) in pre- and post-warm-up conditions. Thirty healthy male sports science students were evaluated before and after a warm-up exercise (12 minutes of pedaling with an incremental effort on a cycle ergometer with a controlled workload). Monopodal postural control was assessed for the D- and ND-Legs before and immediately, 2, 5, 10, and 15 minutes after the warm-up exercise, using a force platform and calculating the displacement velocity of the center of foot pressure on the mediolateral (COPML velocity) and anteroposterior (COPAP velocity) axes...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745626/train-the-brain-immediate-sensorimotor-effects-of-mentally-performed-flexor-exercises-in-patients-with-neck-pain-a-pilot-study
#10
Konstantin Beinert, Marc Sofsky, Jörg Trojan
BACKGROUND: Sensorimotor tests, like cranio- cervical flexion and cervical joint position sense tests, share a strong cognitive component during their execution. However, cognitive training for those tests has not been investigated so far. AIM: To compare mental and physical exercises for improving the sensorimotor function of the cervical spine. DESIGN: A within-subject design with 16 participants. SETTING: Outpatient physiotherapy centre...
May 9, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740634/effectiveness-of-a-nintendo-wii-balance-board-exercise-programme-on-standing-balance-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-randomised-clinical-trial-protocol
#11
Valeska Gatica-Rojas, Ricardo Cartes-Velásquez, Eduardo Guzmán-Muñoz, Guillermo Méndez-Rebolledo, Alex Soto-Poblete, Ana Carolina Pacheco-Espinoza, Carlos Amigo-Mendoza, M Eliana Albornoz-Verdugo, Edith Elgueta-Cancino
Background: Patients with cerebral palsy (CP) typically receive limited physical therapy services. However, the Nintendo Wii system offers a simple and affordable mode of virtual reality therapy. There are no clinical trials assessing the Nintendo Wii balance board for improving standing balance in CP. Methods: This randomised clinical trial will evaluate the effectiveness of an 18-session/six-week protocol using Wii therapy (W-t) compared with conventional therapy (C-t) in Chilean CP patients...
June 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740569/kinetic-analysis-of-downward-step-posture-according-to-the-foothold-heights-and-visual-information-blockage-in-cargo-truck
#12
Seung-Hyun Hyun, Che-Cheong Ryew
The study was undertaken to compare and analyze kinetic variables during downward foot-on according to the foothold heights under interrupted-visual information on 25-t cargo truck. Skilled adult male drivers (n=10) engaged in cargo truck driving over 1 year participated in the experiment. The results obtained from cinematographic and ground reaction force data during downward foot-on as follows; First, leg stiffness, peak vertical force (PVF) and loading rate showed significant difference as an increase of foothold heights, that is, interrupted-visual information showed greater impulse force than as was not...
April 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737443/romberg-ratio-coefficient-in-quiet-stance-and-postural-control-in-parkinson-s-disease
#13
Teresa Paolucci, Marco Iosa, Giovanni Morone, Matteo Delle Fratte, Stefano Paolucci, Vincenzo M Saraceni, Ciro Villani
The aim of this study was to determine the function of visual afference in postural control in Parkinson patients. We enrolled 29 patients and 30 healthy controls. The stabilometry test was performed for posture and balance and Romberg ratio coefficients were calculated. In addition, the Berg Balance Scale and the 6-Minute Walking Test were administered to assess balance and functional exercise capacity; the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale was used to determine the stage of the disease; and the Short Form (SF)-36 Health Survey was given to collect information on quality of life...
May 8, 2018: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736230/towards-optimal-platform-based-robot-design-for-ankle-rehabilitation-the-state-of-the-art-and-future-prospects
#14
REVIEW
Qing Miao, Mingming Zhang, Congzhe Wang, Hongsheng Li
This review aims to compare existing robot-assisted ankle rehabilitation techniques in terms of robot design. Included studies mainly consist of selected papers in two published reviews involving a variety of robot-assisted ankle rehabilitation techniques. A free search was also made in Google Scholar and Scopus by using keywords "ankle∗ ," and "robot∗ ," and ("rehabilitat∗ " or "treat∗ "). The search is limited to English-language articles published between January 1980 and September 2016...
2018: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733699/ankle-positions-potentially-facilitating-greater-maximal-contraction-of-pelvic-floor-muscles-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Priya Kannan, Stanley Winser, Ravindra Goonetilleke, Gladys Cheing
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of ankle positions on pelvic floor muscles in women. METHODS: Multiple databases were searched from inception-July 2017. Study quality was rated using the grading of recommendations, assessment, development, and evaluation system and the "threats to validity tool". RESULTS: Four studies were eligible for inclusion. Meta-analysis revealed significantly greater resting activity of pelvic floor muscles in neutral ankle position (-1...
May 7, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720936/the-effects-of-tai-chi-intervention-on-healthy-elderly-by-means-of-neuroimaging-and-eeg-a-systematic-review
#16
Zhujun Pan, Xiwen Su, Qun Fang, Lijuan Hou, Younghan Lee, Chih C Chen, John Lamberth, Mi-Lyang Kim
Aging is a process associated with a decline in cognitive and motor functions, which can be attributed to neurological changes in the brain. Tai Chi, a multimodal mind-body exercise, can be practiced by people across all ages. Previous research identified effects of Tai Chi practice on delaying cognitive and motor degeneration. Benefits in behavioral performance included improved fine and gross motor skills, postural control, muscle strength, and so forth. Neural plasticity remained in the aging brain implies that Tai Chi-associated benefits may not be limited to the behavioral level...
2018: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714993/issues-in-geriatric-care-falls
#17
Dipesh Patel, Richard J Ackermann
One in three older adults falls each year. There are approximately 2.5 million falls among older adults treated in emergency departments. Falls account for 87% of all fractures in this age group. The biggest risk factor for falling is a history of falls. Other risk factors include frailty, sedative and anticholinergic drugs, polypharmacy, and a variety of medical conditions. Current recommendations are that all patients age 65 years and older should be asked about falls each year. Patients also can be screened for fall risk with a variety of approaches including questionnaires and the Timed Up & Go test...
May 2018: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706993/instrumental-or-physical-exercise-rehabilitation-of-balance-improves-both-balance-and-gait-in-parkinson-s-disease
#18
Marica Giardini, Antonio Nardone, Marco Godi, Simone Guglielmetti, Ilaria Arcolin, Fabrizio Pisano, Marco Schieppati
We hypothesised that rehabilitation specifically addressing balance in Parkinson's disease patients might improve not only balance but locomotion as well. Two balance-training protocols (standing on a moving platform and traditional balance exercises) were assessed by assigning patients to two groups (Platform, n = 15, and Exercises, n = 17). The platform moved periodically in the anteroposterior, laterolateral, and oblique direction, with and without vision in different trials. Balance exercises were based on the Otago Exercise Program...
2018: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706711/comparison-of-the-effects-of-pectoralis-muscles-stretching-exercise-and-scapular-retraction-strengthening-exercise-on-forward-shoulder
#19
Won-Gyu Yoo
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to compare effect in a group of stretching and a group of muscle strengthening exercise for patients with forward scapular posture. [Subjects and Methods] This study was performed in 20 subjects who defined to the forward shoulder posture. The subjects were divided into a group of pectoralis muscles stretching and a group of muscle strength exercise for scapular retraction. [Results] The forward shoulder posture of the group of the scapular retraction exercise was significantly decreased when compared to that of the group of the pectoralis muscles stretching...
April 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705015/evaluation-of-postural-tachycardia-syndrome-pots
#20
REVIEW
Brent P Goodman
The diagnostic evaluation of a patient with suspected postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS) requires a thoughtful diagnostic approach utilizing a careful clinical history and examination, laboratory, and autonomic testing. This article outlines the importance of a thorough history in identifying mechanism of symptom onset, clinical features, associated clinical conditions or disorders, and factors that may result in symptom exacerbation. The clinical examination involves an assessment of pupillary responses, an evaluation for sudomotor and vasomotor signs, and an assessment for joint hypermobility...
April 22, 2018: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical
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