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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813594/facile-purification-of-milligram-to-gram-quantities-of-condensed-tannins-according-to-mean-degree-of-polymerization-and-flavan-3-ol-subunit-composition
#1
Ron Herbert Brown, Irene Mueller-Harvey, Wayne E Zeller, Laurie Reinhardt, Elisabetta Stringano, An Gea, Chris Drake, Honorata M Ropiak, Christos Fryganas, Aina Ramsay, Emily E Hardcastle
Unambiguous investigation of condensed tannin (CT) structure-activity relationships in biological systems requires well-characterized, high-purity CTs. Sephadex LH-20 and Toyopearl HW-50F resins were compared for separating CTs from acetone/water extracts and column fractions analyzed for flavan-3-ol subunits, mean degree of polymerization (mDP) and purity. Toyopearl HW-50F generated fractions with higher mDP values and better separation of procyanidins (PC) and prodelphinidins (PD) but required a pre-purification step, more time for large scale purifications and gave poorer recoveries...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812169/bond-strength-of-etch-and-rinse-and-self-etch-adhesive-systems-to-enamel-and-dentin-irradiated-with-a-novel-co2-9-3%C3%A2-%C3%AE-m-short-pulsed-laser-for-dental-restorative-procedures
#2
Peter Rechmann, N Bartolome, R Kinsel, R Vaderhobli, B M T Rechmann
The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of CO2 9.3 μm short-pulsed laser irradiation on the shear bond strength of composite resin to enamel and dentin. Two hundred enamel and 210 dentin samples were irradiated with a 9.3 µm carbon dioxide laser (Solea, Convergent Dental, Inc., Natick, MA) with energies which either enhanced caries resistance or were effective for ablation. OptiBond Solo Plus [OptiBondTE] (Kerr Corporation, Orange, CA) and Peak Universal Bond light-cured adhesive [PeakTE] (Ultradent Products, South Jordan, UT) were used...
August 15, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808883/removal-of-water-soluble-extractives-improves-the-enzymatic-digestibility-of-steam-pretreated-softwood-barks
#3
Balázs Frankó, Karin Carlqvist, Mats Galbe, Gunnar Lidén, Ola Wallberg
Softwood bark contains a large amounts of extractives-i.e., soluble lipophilic (such as resin acids) and hydrophilic components (phenolic compounds, stilbenes). The effects of the partial removal of water-soluble extractives before acid-catalyzed steam pretreatment on enzymatic digestibility were assessed for two softwood barks-Norway spruce and Scots pine. A simple hot water extraction step removed more than half of the water-soluble extractives from the barks, which improved the enzymatic digestibility of both steam-pretreated materials...
August 14, 2017: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808700/effect-of-chlorhexidine-and-ethanol-on-microleakage-of-composite-resin-restoration-to-dentine
#4
Iman Ramezanian Nik, Ehsan Baradaran Naseri, Sara Majidinia, Sara Ramezanian Nik, Mohammad Jafari Giv
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of chlorhexidine and ethanol on microleakage of composite resin restoration to dentine. METHODS: Class II cavities with dentinal margin were prepared on 96 premolar teeth. All specimens were acid-etched, rinsed and dried. Then the samples were randomly divided into four groups according to pre-treatment of the dentine: no treatment (control group); treatment with 100% ethanol for 60 s (group 2); treatment with 2% chlorhexidine for 60 s (group 3); 100% ethanol for 60 s and then 2% chlorhexidine for 60 s (group 4)...
2017: Chinese Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808635/effect-of-dentin-biomodifiers-on-the-immediate-and-long-term-bond-strengths-of-a-simplified-etch-and-rinse-adhesive-to-dentin
#5
Payal Singh, Rajni Nagpal, Udai Pratap Singh
OBJECTIVES: This in vitro study evaluated the effect of dentin biomodifiers on the immediate and long-term bond strengths of a simplified etch and rinse adhesive to dentin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Flat coronal dentin surfaces were prepared in 120 extracted human molars. Teeth were randomly divided into 5 groups (n = 24) according to 5 different surface pre-treatments: No pre-treatment (control); 1M carbodiimide (EDC); 0.1% epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG); 2% minocycline (MI); 10% sodium ascorbate (SA)...
August 2017: Restorative Dentistry & Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808632/survival-rates-against-fracture-of-endodontically-treated-posterior-teeth-restored-with-full-coverage-crowns-or-resin-composite-restorations-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Warattama Suksaphar, Danuchit Banomyong, Titalee Jirathanyanatt, Yaowaluk Ngoenwiwatkul
This systematic review aims to summarize the current clinical studies that investigated survival rates against fracture of endodontically treated posterior teeth restored with crowns or resin composite restorations. Literature search were performed using keywords. Publications from 1980 to 2016 were searched in PubMed, ScienceDirect, Web of Science, MEDLINE, and SCOPUS. Included studies were selected based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. Three clinical studies were included: 1 randomized controlled trial and 1 prospective and 1 retrospective cohort studies...
August 2017: Restorative Dentistry & Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807329/impact-of-thio-urethane-additive-and-filler-type-on-light-transmission-and-depth-of-polymerization-of-dental-composites
#7
André Luis Faria-E-Silva, Carmem Silvia Pfeifer
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the effects of filler type and the addition of thio-urethane oligomers on light-transmission, polymerization kinetics and depth of cure of resin composites. METHODS: BisGMA:UDMA:TEGMA (5:3:2wt%) were mixed with 0 (control) or 20wt% thio-urethane. Fillers with various sizes and refractive indices were included and refractive index (RI) measured. Unfilled resins were used as controls. The RIs of materials were measured before and after polymerization...
August 11, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806427/fixed-dental-prostheses-and-single-tooth-crowns-based-on-ceria-stabilized-tetragonal-zirconia-alumina-nanocomposite-frameworks-outcome-after-2-years-in-a-clinical-trial
#8
Fabian Hüttig, Jan P Keitel, Andreas Prutscher, Sebastian Spintzyk, Andrea Klink
PURPOSE: This clinical trial tested bilayered restorations based on ceria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia/alumina frameworks veneered with feldspathic ceramic. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 67 crowns and 40 fixed dental prostheses (FDPs) were luted in 57 patients with self-etching/self-adhesive composite resin cement. Dental status and integrity of restorations were evaluated at 2 weeks, 6 months, and then annually. RESULTS: A total of 66 crowns and 36 FDPs (88% posterior) survived for success rates of 93...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804719/effect-of-2-bleaching-agents-with-a-content-of-high-concentrated-hydrogen-peroxide-on-stained-2-cad-cam-blocks-and-a-nanohybrid-composite-resin-an-afm-evaluation
#9
İzgen Karakaya, Esra Cengiz
The aim of this study was to evaluate color stability of 3 restorative materials, discoloration ability of different solutions, efficacy of 2 office bleaching agents, and surface roughness and topography. Sixty specimens for Clearfil Majesty Esthetic (CME), Lava Ultimate (LU), and Vita Enamic (VE) were prepared. They were immersed into 3 staining solutions for 2 weeks and then they were bleached. According to the measured L(⁎), a(⁎), and b(⁎) parameters described by CIELAB system, color changes (ΔE00), translucency parameters (TP), whiteness index values (W(⁎)), and changes in closeness to pure white (ΔW(⁎)) were calculated...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801178/impact-of-head-and-neck-radiotherapy-on-the-mechanical-behavior-of-composite-resins-and-adhesive-systems-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Cristhian Camilo Madrid Troconis, Alan Roger Santos-Silva, Thaís Bianca Brandão, Marcio Ajudarte Lopes, Mario Fernando de Goes
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the evidence regarding the impact of head and neck radiotherapy (HNRT) on the mechanical behavior of composite resins and adhesive systems. METHODS: Searches were conducted on PubMed, Embase, Scopus and ISI Web of Science databases using "Radiotherapy", "Composite resins" and "Adhesive systems" as keywords. Selected studies were written in English and assessed the mechanical behavior of composite resins and/or adhesive systems when bonding procedure was conducted before and/or after a maximum radiation dose ≥50Gy, applied under in vitro or in vivo conditions...
August 8, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798450/atraumatic-restorative-treatment-and-minimal-intervention-dentistry
#11
J E Frencken
Too many people worldwide suffer from the consequences of untreated dentine carious lesions. This finding reflects the inability of the currently used traditional mode of treatments to manage such lesions. A change is needed. Dental training institutions should depart from the traditional 'drill and fill' treatments and embrace the holistic oral healthcare approach that is minimal intervention dentistry (MID) and includes within it minimally invasive operative skills. Dental caries is, after all, a preventable disease...
August 11, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797747/metal-composite-adhesion-based-on-diazonium-chemistry
#12
Yara Oweis, Omar Alageel, Paige Kozak, Mohamed-Nur Abdallah, Jean-Marc Retrouvey, Marta Cerruti, Faleh Tamimi
OBJECTIVE: Composite resins do not adhere well to dental alloys. This weak bond can result in failure at the composite-metal interface in fixed dental prostheses and orthodontic brackets. The aim of this study was to develop a new adhesive, based on diazonium chemistry, to facilitate chemical bonding between dental alloys and composite resin. METHODS: Samples of two types of dental alloys, stainless steel and cobalt chromium were primed with a diazonium layer in order to create a surface coating favorable for composite adhesion...
August 7, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797746/synthesis-of-wrinkled-mesoporous-silica-and-its-reinforcing-effect-for-dental-resin-composites
#13
Ruili Wang, Eric Habib, X X Zhu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work is to explore the reinforcing effect of wrinkled mesoporous silica (WMS), which should allow micromechanical resin matrix/filler interlocking in dental resin composites, and to investigate the effect of silica morphology, loading, and compositions on their mechanical properties. METHODS: WMS (average diameter of 496nm) was prepared through the self-assembly method and characterized by the use of the electron microscopy, dynamic light scattering, and the N2 adsorption-desorption measurements...
August 7, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791976/a-prospective-randomized-double-blind-clinical-trial-of-one-nano-hybrid-and-one-high-viscosity-bulk-fill-composite-restorative-systems-in-class-ii-cavities-12-months-results
#14
H Colak, U Tokay, R Uzgur, M M Hamidi, E Ercan
BACKGROUND: Recently, manufacturers have introduced bulk-fill composite resins that reportedly can be placed in increments of 4 mm or greater. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article was to report the results of 12 months prospective randomized clinical trial that evaluated the clinical performance of one high-viscosity bulk-fill composite resin in Class II cavities of posterior teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-four participantshad at least two Class II cavities included the study...
July 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791970/leakage-testing-for-different-adhesive-systems-and-composites-to-permanent-teeth
#15
B S Bolgul, B Ayna, I Simsek, S Celenk, O Seker, G Kilinc
AIM: To explore the microleakage of different adhesive systems and flowable composites to permanent teeth. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In this study, a total of 84 human premolar teeth were used. Class V cavities were prepared on the buccal surfaces. The teeth were randomly assigned to six groups of 14 teeth each as follows: The first group - etch-rinse adhesive applied and cavities filled with flowable composite, the second group - etch-rinse adhesive applied and cavities filled with bulk-fill resin composite, the third group - one-stage self-etch (SE) adhesive applied and cavities filled with flowable composite, the fourth group - one-stage SE adhesive applied and cavities filled with bulk-fill resin composite, the fifth group - two-stage SE adhesive applied and cavities filled with flowable composite, and the sixth group - two-stage SE adhesive applied and cavities filled with bulk-fill resin composite...
July 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782290/risk-of-subsequent-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-among-children-and-adolescents-with-amalgam-restorations-a-nationwide-longitudinal-study
#16
Po-Yen Lin, Jui Wang, Yu-Chih Chiang, Chen-Yin Lai, Hong-Ji Chang, Lin-Yang Chi
OBJECTIVES: Dental amalgam has been used as a common restorative material since the 1800s, but concerns have been raised regarding its purported neuropsychological effects due to the neurotoxicity of mercury. In this study, a nationwide population-based database was employed to investigate the association of dental amalgam restoration with the risk of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHODS: After matching, 88 068 young people with at least one tooth restoration during 2002-2010 and no ADHD history before 2001 were selected and then collected the further information until the end of 2011...
August 7, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781072/mechanical-and-optical-properties-of-monolithic-cad-cam-restorative-materials
#17
Nazmiye Sen, Yesim Olcer Us
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Achieving natural tooth appearance with sufficient mechanical strength is one of the most challenging issues of computer-assisted design and computer-assisted manufacturing (CAD-CAM) materials. However, limited evidence is available regarding their optical and mechanical properties for proper and evidence-based material selection in clinical practice. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to assess and compare the translucency and biaxial flexural strength of 5 monolithic CAD-CAM restorative materials...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777394/in-vitro-evaluation-of-onlay-restorations-on-primary-teeth
#18
Kadriye G U Güzel, Ayşe C Altun, Zuhal Kırzıoğlu
PURPOSE: Many novel materials have been developed such as composite resin, ceramic, zircon or metal-supported ceramic for use in aesthetic restoration of primary teeth and permanent teeth with extensive crown damage. The aim of the present study was to compare microtensile bond strengths on materials using the microtensile bond strength test. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The microtensile bond strength on the primary tooth dentin was measured on extracted primary teeth using an indirect method and fracture patterns were evaluated...
August 2, 2017: International Journal of Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776970/building-a-novel-chemically-modified-polyaniline-thermally-reduced-graphene-oxide-hybrid-through-%C3%AF-%C3%AF-interaction-for-fabricating-acrylic-resin-elastomer-based-composites-with-enhanced-dielectric-property
#19
Sen-Qiang Wu, Jing-Wen Wang, Jing Shao, Lei Wei, Kai Yang, Hua Ren
Sustainability urgently demands low dielectric loss and low elastic modulus as fostering high permittivity (Hi-K) conductor/polymer composites. This work introduces a ternary composite system, consisting of acrylic resin elastomer (AR), chemically modified polyaniline (HBSiPA), and the thermally reduced graphene oxides (TrGOs), for applying to actuators, of which AR was fabricated by free radical polymerization. The unique hybridized graphene (HBSiPA-TrGO) was prepared by a two-step procedure, including the doped polyaniline modified by the hyperbranched polysiloxane via a ring opening reaction, followed by the decoration of HBSiPA on the surface of TrGO, the conductivity of which is desired to be the same as that of graphene...
August 16, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776096/influence-of-radiotherapy-on-the-dentin-properties-and-bond-strength
#20
Renata Borges Rodrigues, Carlos José Soares, Paulo Cézar Simamoto Junior, Vitor Carvalho Lara, Victor Elias Arana-Chavez, Veridiana Resende Novais
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the biomechanical properties of dentin and the microtensile bond strength (μTBS) performed before or after radiotherapy (RT). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Dentin chemical composition (infrared spectroscopy-FTIR), SEM images, and mechanical properties (Vickers microhardness-VHN and elastic modulus-E) were evaluated comparing no irradiated and irradiate dentin (n = 5). RT was defined by application of 72 Gy (1.8 Gy daily, 5 days per week, during 8 weeks) with sample immersed in distilled water...
August 4, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
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