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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914398/seroepidemiology-of-hbv-infection-among-health-care-workers-in-south-sulawesi-indonesia
#1
Teguh Wijayadi, Rizalinda Sjahril, Turyadi, Susan I Ie, Ridha Wahyuni, Ilhamjaya Pattelongi, M Nasrum Massi, Irawan Yusuf, David H Muljono
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a world health problem with an estimated 257 million chronically infected people. Indonesia, with 7.1% prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), is classified as a moderately endemic country. Healthcare workers (HCWs) are at high occupational risk for HBV infection and potentially becoming transmitters for further infections. In Indonesia, the extent of hepatitis B among HCWs and specific control strategy are not available. This study evaluated the seroprevalence of HBV infection and associated risk factors in HCWs from four areas in South Sulawesi, Indonesia...
June 18, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897023/determinants-of-workplace-injuries-and-violence-among-newly-licensed-rns
#2
Lynn Unruh, Yara Asi
Workplace injuries, such as musculoskeletal injuries, needlestick injuries, and emotional and physical violence, remain an issue in U.S. hospitals. To develop meaningful safety programs, it is important to identify workplace factors that contribute to injuries. This study explored factors that affect injuries in a sample of newly licensed registered nurses (NLRNs) in Florida. Regressions were run on models in which the dependent variable was the degree to which the respondent had experienced needlesticks, work-related musculoskeletal injuries, cuts or lacerations, contusions, verbal violence, physical violence, and other occupational injuries...
June 1, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890643/mini-review-assessing-the-potential-impact-of-microneedle-technologies-on-home-healthcare-applications
#3
REVIEW
Aaron McConville, Catherine Hegarty, James Davis
The increasing devolution of healthcare towards community care has meant that the management of many conditions is conducted within the home either by community nurses or by the patients themselves. The administration of medicines within home healthcare scenarios can however be problematic—especially when considering the delivery of medicines through injection. The possibility of needlestick injury (NSI) has become an ever-present hazard within healthcare settings, with a significant proportion of percutaneous injuries occurring during the handling and disposal of the needle...
June 8, 2018: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884081/relationships-training-and-formal-agreements-between-needle-and-syringe-programs-and-police
#4
Carol Strike, Tara Marie Watson
Needle and syringe programs (NSPs) are key public health and HIV prevention programs. We sought to compare over time the quality of relationships between NSPs and police, and implementation of best practices. We conducted cross-sectional surveys in 2008 ( n = 32) and 2015 ( n = 28) with NSP managers in Ontario, Canada. Participants were recruited via e-mail to complete an online survey. Over the period studied, self-reported quality of NSP-police relationships did not change-roughly two thirds of NSP managers reported a positive/mostly positive relationship...
June 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29799373/unreported-sharps-exposures-in-orthopedic-surgery-residents-a-silent-majority
#5
Arthur Manoli, Lorraine Hutzler, Deirdre Regan, Eric J Strauss, Kenneth A Egol
Sharps-related injuries represent a significant occupational hazard to orthopedic surgeons. Despite increased attention and targeted interventions, evidence suggests that the majority of incidents continue to go unreported. The purpose of this study was to examine the incidence, attitudes, and factors that affect the reporting of sharps injuries among orthopedic surgery residents at a large academic teaching hospital in an effort to increase reporting rates and design effective interventions. This study administered an anonymous cross-sectional survey regarding intraoperative sharps exposures to current orthopedic house staff, with an 87% (54/62) response rate...
June 2018: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788820/injury-and-infection-in-dental-clinics-risk-factors-and-prevention
#6
Mustafa Al-Zoughool, Zaina Al-Shehri
Needlestick and sharp instrument injuries are common in dental practice and present the risk of direct exposure to blood-borne pathogens, including hepatitis B virus. This cross-sectional study was carried out to determine the risk factors of injury and infection in three types of dental clinic in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. A total of 274 male and 241 female dentists completed a structured questionnaire on demographic factors, compliance with infection control practices, and past exposure to injury and infection hazards...
January 1, 2018: Toxicology and Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763447/hepatitis-b-and-c-seroprevalence-knowledge-practice-and-associated-factors-among-medicine-and-health-science-students-in-northeast-ethiopia
#7
Wondmagegn Demsiss, Abdurahaman Seid, Temesgen Fiseha
BACKGROUND: Health care professionals, especially medical students, are at greater risk of contracting hepatitis B and C virus infections due to their occupational exposure to percutaneous injuries and other body fluids. The aim of this study was to determine the seroprevalence of hepatitis B and C virus infections among medicine and health science students in Northeast Ethiopia and to assess their knowledge and practice towards the occupational risk of viral hepatitis. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among a total of 408 medicine and health science students during the period from March to September 2017...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714154/high-prevalence-of-abandoned-needlesticks-from-injecting-drug-users-in-milton-keynes-uk-analysing-access-to-needle-exchange-centres-and-drug-dependency-services
#8
Dushyant Mital, Steve Conway, Joanne Trueman
BACKGROUND: In 2015, Milton Keynes (MK) Council waste management team shows an increase in the numbers of abandoned used needles being found across MK. MK is an area of high Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) prevalence and high Hepatitis C (HCV) in People Who Inject Drugs (PWID), the overriding concern was for the safety of the public. METHODS: Analysis of data collection to understand the scale and spread of the problem, preventing/ reducing the incidence of abandoned needles and looking at access to the designated Drug Dependency Unit (DDU) and the Blood Borne Virus (BBV) service...
April 18, 2018: Current Drug Abuse Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685321/nurse-staffing-and-nurse-outcomes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Sujin Shin, Jin-Hwa Park, Sung-Heui Bae
BACKGROUND: A great number of studies have been conducted to examine the relationship between nurse staffing and patient outcomes. However, none of the reviews have rigorously assessed the evidence about the effect of nurse staffing on nurse outcomes through meta-analysis. PURPOSE: The purpose of this review was to systematically assess empirical studies on the relationship between nurse staffing and nurse outcomes through meta-analysis. METHODS: Published peer-reviewed articles published between January 2000 and November 2016 were identified in CINAHL, PubMed, PsycINFO, Cochrane Library, EBSCO, RISS, and DBpia databases...
May 2018: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667643/risk-factors-associated-with-needlestick-injuries-among-health-care-workers-in-menoufia-governorate-egypt
#10
Hala Marawan Gabr, Aziza Saad El-Badry, Faten Ezzelarab Younis
BACKGROUND: Health care workers are at high risk of job-related blood-borne diseases due to needlestick injuries (NSIs). OBJECTIVE: To assess the risk factors associated with NSIs among health care workers in Menoufia governorate, Egypt. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 2260 health care workers of 4 randomly chosen hospitals in Menoufia governorate. Using a predesigned data collection sheet, all staff members were asked about the occurrence of NSIs in the previous 3 months...
April 2018: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662769/human-and-bovine-spinal-disc-mechanics-subsequent-to-trypsin-injection
#11
Jeremy Alsup, Timothy Bishop, Dennis Eggett, Anton E Bowden
Objective: To investigate the biomechanical effects of injections of a protease on the characteristics of bovine coccygeal and human lumbar disc motion segments. Methods: Mechanics of treated tissues were measured immediately after injection and 3 h after injection. Motion segments underwent axial rotation and flexion-extension loading. Results: Stiffness and neutral zone parameters experienced significant changes over time, with bovine tissues more strongly affected than human cadaver tissues...
October 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Translation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624470/noninvasive-vaccination-against-infectious-diseases
#12
Zhichao Zheng, Diana Diaz-Arévalo, Hongbing Guan, Mingtao Zeng
The development of a successful vaccine, which should elicit a combination of humoral and cellular responses to control or prevent infections, is the first step in protecting against infectious diseases. A vaccine may protect against bacterial, fungal, parasitic, or viral infections in animal models, but to be effective in humans there are some issues that should be considered, such as the adjuvant, the route of vaccination, and the antigen-carrier system. While almost all licensed vaccines are injected such that inoculation is by far the most commonly used method, injection has several potential disadvantages, including pain, cross contamination, needlestick injury, under- or overdosing, and increased cost...
April 6, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623091/the-prevalence-and-underreporting-of-needlestick-injuries-among-dental-healthcare-workers-in-pakistan-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Mehak Pervaiz, Ruth Gilbert, Nasreen Ali
Needlestick injuries (NSIs) are a major occupational health problem among dental healthcare workers (HCWs) in Pakistan, which places them at a significant risk of acquiring blood-borne infections. However, not all NSIs are reported, leading to an underestimation of the actual prevalence. The harmful impacts of NSIs on the healthcare delivery necessitate an urgent need to measure its actual prevalence. Objectives . The aim of this study was to review literature to estimate the prevalence and reporting rates of NSIs among dental-HCWs in Pakistan...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570523/review-of-prevalence-of-needlestick-injuries-attitude-changes-and-prevention-practices-over-12-years-in-an-urban-academic-hospital-surgery-department-by-hasak-jm-novak-cb-patterson-jmm-mackinnon-se-in-ann-surg-267-291-296-2018
#14
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551122/glucose-monitoring-dermopathy
#15
Warren R Heymann
A 75-year-old man had been monitoring his glucose using a blood glucose monitoring system at the same body site for at least 20 years (>7300 needlesticks). The asymptomatic skin lesion had been present for many years. He used the same site because it hurt less than the fingers and bled well. His medical history was remarkable for diabetes mellitus, hypertension, coronary artery disease, and a pacemaker. His medications included glipizide, metformin, carvedilol, furosemide, lisinopril, amlodipine, clopidogrel, and aspirin...
2018: Skinmed
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526530/accidental-injection-of-freund-complete-adjuvant-with-mycobacterium-tuberculosis
#16
Michael P Gaspar, Genevieve Landes, Farinaz Safavi, A Lee Osterman
Accidental needlestick injuries are common in laboratory and health care workers. Injection of atypical pathogens, such as those encountered in the animal laboratory setting, may pose considerable problems at the site of inoculation. We present the case of an otherwise healthy laboratory worker who accidentally self-injected Freund complete adjuvant with heat-killed Mycobacterium tuberculosis into her hand, requiring multiple debridement operations over a prolonged treatment course.
March 8, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521581/self-reported-occupational-blood-exposure-among-paramedics-in-poland-a-pilot-study
#17
Katarzyna Naylor, Anna Torres, Robert Gałązkowski, Kamil Torres
INTRODUCTION: Paramedics are at risk of occupational exposure, increased by the immediacy of provided treatment. However, the issue has not been acknowledged by any research in Europe up to date. METHODS: The research aimed at assessing the occupational blood exposure among paramedics in Poland. Respondents represented 21 Polish medical institutions. Their participation was voluntary and anonymous. Paramedics were provided with a self-directed job specific questionnaire adapted to Polish conditions from an original North American version...
March 9, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479251/childhood-exposures-to-discarded-needles-and-other-objects-potentially-contaminated-with-blood-borne-pathogens-in-toronto-canada
#18
Faisal Kordy, Astrid Petrich, Stanley E Read, Ari Bitnun
Background: Exposure to discarded needles or other objects put children at risk for infection with blood-borne pathogens (BBP), including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B (HBV) and hepatitis C. Objective: The purpose of this study was to retrospectively analyze the epidemiology, management and outcome of children following such exposures in the greater Toronto community setting. Methods: A retrospective study of children <19 years of age who had community-based exposure to objects that could contain BBP between January 2001 and December 2014...
October 2017: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471847/the-impact-of-metallothionein-ii-on-microglial-response-to-tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-tnf%C3%AE-and-downstream-effects-on-neuronal-regeneration
#19
Jacqueline Y K Leung, William R Bennett, Anna E King, Roger S Chung
BACKGROUND: The extracellular environment plays an important role in supporting the regeneration of axons after injury. Metallothionein-II (MTII) is a metal-binding protein known for its neuroprotective effect by directly stimulating the growth of axons after injury. Previous studies have shown that MTII also modulates the response of astrocytes and microglia after injury. However, a detailed analysis describing how MTII modulates the interaction between microglia and neurons is lacking...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439382/the-impact-of-occupational-splash-sharps-and-needlestick-injuries-ssnis-on-the-quality-of-life-of-healthcare-workers-in-a-kenyan-university-hospital
#20
George Ongete, Francis John Raymond Duffy
BACKGROUND: Infection as a consequence of splash sharps and needlestick injuries (SSNIs) is a hazard faced by healthcare workers. Little is known about the impact this has on quality of life particularly in countries where the risk of infection is high. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to describe the impact SSNIs have on the quality of life of healthcare workers in Kenya, where blood borne illness prevalence is high. METHODS: A hospital-wide survey of a facility in Nairobi was conducted...
2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
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