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G A Katsevman, J A Braca, C L Sedney, L Hatchett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2016: Journal of Hospital Infection
Ben Ouyang, Lucy Dx Li, Joanne Mount, Alainna J Jamal, Lauren Berry, Carmine Simone, Marcus Law, R W Melissa Tai
ObjectivesThis field study aimed to determine the incidence and distribution of needlestick injuries among medical trainees at a community teaching hospital in Toronto, Canada.MethodsThe study was performed during the 2013-2015 academic years at Toronto East General Hospital (TEGH), a University of Toronto-affiliated community-teaching hospital during the 2013-2015 academic years. Eight-hundred and forty trainees, including medical students, residents, and post-graduate fellows, were identified and invited via email to participate in an anonymous online fluidsurveys...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
Christopher Rizk, Holly Monroe, Ida Orengo, Theodore Rosen
Background: Needlestickand sharps injuries are the leading causes of morbidity in the dermatologicfield. Among medical specialties, surgeons and dermatologists have the highest rates of needlestickand sharps injuries.The high rates of needlestickand sharps injuries in dermatology not only apply to physicians, but also to nurses, physician assistants, and technicians in the demnatologic field. Needlestickand sharps injuries are of great concern due to the monetary, opportunity, social, and emotional costs associated with their occurrence...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
Philip Paul Mshelbwala, J Scott Weese, Jibrin Manu Idris
A cross sectional study using multistage sampling method by means of structured interviewer administered questionnaire was designed to estimate the rate of occurrence of needlestick injuries among veterinarians involved in clinical practice and to evaluate needle handling practices and risk factors. The study was carried out during the months of August-November 2015. Out of the 215 veterinarians that participated in the survey, 171 (79.5%) reported to have suffered needlestick injuries (NSIs). In the multivariable model, only male sex (OR 2...
2016: Veterinary Medicine International
Wen-Yen Lo, Shu-Ti Chiou, Nicole Huang, Li-Yin Chien
BACKGROUND: Needlestick and sharps injuries are prevalent work-related injuries among nurses. Safety devices prevent only one-quarter of related injuries. More studies of modifiable risk factors are needed. OBJECTIVES: To examine whether long work hours and chronic insomnia are associated with needlestick and sharps injuries among hospital nurses in Taiwan. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTINGS/PARTICIPANTS: This analysis included 19,386 full-time bedside nurses working in 104 hospitals across Taiwan...
October 21, 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Zachary N London
Discomfort is an unavoidable part of electrodiagnostic (EDX) studies. The most readily modifiable mediator of electromyography (EMG)-associated pain is muscle selection. Interventions that may reduce pain include vapocoolant spray, ibuprofen, and techniques such as slapping or stretching the skin. Needlestick injuries to health care workers carry the risk of transmitting bloodborne illnesses, but other infectious complications of EDX studies are very rare. EMG probably contributes to asymptomatic hemorrhage in approximately 1% of patients, but clinically significant bleeding has only been reported a few times...
September 28, 2016: Muscle & Nerve
Mehdi Fathi, Azra Izanloo, Saeed Jahanbakhsh, Mehryar Taghavi Gilani, Ali Majidzadeh, Azam Sabri Benhangi, Naser Paravi
BACKGROUND: Central venous cannulation is a current and important procedure used in the operating room and intensive care unit. Some studies have shown that the application of ultrasound-guided cannulation can improve the success rate of surgery, save time, reduce the number of required needlesticks, and mitigate many complications compared to anatomical landmark-guided cannulation. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to draw a comparison between central venous cannulation of the internal jugular vein using ultrasound-guided and anatomical landmark-guided techniques...
June 2016: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
S Wicker, H F Rabenau, A Schachtrupp, R Schalk
Background and Aim: Healthcare workers (HCW) are at risk of occupational infections and can also transmit diseases to patients. The acceptance of measures to improve safety is linked to knowledge and risk awareness of HCW.The purpose of our study was to ascertain the knowledge and risk awareness of nursing staff regarding occupational infections and vaccinations as well as the frequency of needlestick injuries (NSI) in relation to the level of education. Methods: In the context of a conference on nursing, an anonymous questionnaire was distributed to the participants...
September 12, 2016: Das Gesundheitswesen
Anders H Frid, Laurence J Hirsch, Astrid R Menchior, Didier R Morel, Kenneth W Strauss
From February 1, 2014, through June 30, 2015, 13,289 insulin-injecting patients from 423 centers in 42 countries took part in one of the largest surveys ever performed in diabetes. The goal was to assess patient characteristics, as well as historical and practical aspects of their injection technique. Results show that 4- and 8-mm needle lengths are each used by nearly 30% of patients and 5- and 6-mm needles each by approximately 20%. Higher consumption of insulin (as measured by total daily dose) is associated with having lipohypertrophy (LH), injecting into LH, leakage from the injection site, and failing to reconstitute cloudy insulin...
September 2016: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
D Sossai, M Di Guardo, R Foscoli, R Pezzi, A Polimeni, L Ruzza, M Miele, L Ottaggio, V Fontana, F Copello, P Dellacà, M Doria, A Onesti, G Montecucco, F Risso, M Nelli, I Benvenuti, M Santacroce, L Giribaldi, G Picelli, S Simonini, P Venturini
Healthcare workers who use or may be exposed to needles are at risk of needlestick injuries, which can lead to serious infections by bloodborne pathogens. These injuries can be avoided by eliminating the unnecessary use of needles and using safety devices. The present study was aimed at evaluating the impact of a safety-engineered device, with passive fully automatic needlestick protection, on the rate of needlestick injuries among healthcare workers. The setting of the study was a network of five public healthcare institutions situated in a Northern Italian Region...
2016: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
W Wy Sin, A Wc Lin, K Cw Chan, K H Wong
INTRODUCTION: Needlestick injury or mucosal contact with blood or body fluids is well recognised in the health care setting. This study aimed to describe the post-exposure management and outcome in health care workers following exposure to hepatitis B, hepatitis C, or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) during needlestick injury or mucosal contact. METHODS: This case series study was conducted in a public clinic in Hong Kong. All health care workers with a needlestick injury or mucosal contact with blood or body fluids who were referred to the Therapeutic Prevention Clinic of Department of Health from 1999 to 2013 were included...
October 2016: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
Linda M Cook, Jacinth Nichols-Dada, Samina Damani, Vickie Lawrence, Sandra Layson, Diane Mitchell, Shaqunna Muhammad, Lourdes Samaniego-Yamin, Jacquelyn Walters Talley, Barbara VanNatta, Melinda Higgins, Kim Cooley
PURPOSE: To determine whether 24% sucrose solution given orally before insertion of a peripheral intravenous (PIV) catheter decreases neonatal pain. BACKGROUND: Prior studies of pain caused by heel and arterial needlesticks found oral administration of 24% sucrose to significantly blunt pain during these painful procedures. No studies have evaluated this treatment with needlestick pain associated with PIV catheter insertion. METHODS: Oral 24% sucrose or placebo solution was administered 2 minutes prior to PIV catheter insertion...
August 16, 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
Anne Whitcombe, Kay Cooper, Emma Palmer
The objective of this mixed methods systematic review is to examine the relationship between organizational culture and the health and wellbeing of hospital nurses, and to develop an aggregated synthesis of quantitative and qualitative systematic reviews to derive recommendations for policy and practice.Organizational culture comprises factors such as leadership, management and support, a health and safety oriented workplace climate and job characteristics.The quantitative component of this review will explore the relationship between organizational culture and the following outcomes in hospital nurses which may be indicators of health and wellbeing: work-related injury such as needlestick or sharp injuries, musculoskeletal injuries and conditions such as low back pain, burnout and general wellbeing...
June 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Atakan Yilmaz, Mustafa Serinken, Onur Dal, Serpil Yaylacı, Ozgur Karcioglu
OBJECTIVES: Emergency medical technicians (EMTs) and paramedics are at serious risk for work-related injuries (WRIs) during work hours. Both EMTs and paramedics have higher WRI rates, according to the literature data. This study was designed to investigate causes and characteristics of WRIs involving EMTs and paramedics staffed in Western Turkey. METHODS: All health care personnel staffed in Emergency Medical Services (EMS) in the city were interviewed face-to-face in their off-duty hours to inform them about the study...
October 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Heleen Kraan, Rimko Ten Have, Larissa van der Maas, Gideon Kersten, Jean-Pierre Amorij
A hexavalent vaccine containing diphtheria toxoid, tetanus toxoid, whole cell pertussis, Haemophilius influenza type B, hepatitis B and inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) may: (i) increase the efficiency of vaccination campaigns, (ii) reduce the number of injections thereby reducing needlestick injuries, and (iii) ensure better protection against pertussis as compared to vaccines containing acellular pertussis antigens. An approach to obtain a hexavalent vaccine might be reconstituting lyophilized polio vaccine (IPV-LYO) with liquid pentavalent vaccine just before intramuscular delivery...
August 31, 2016: Vaccine
Franca Grischott, Milo Puhan, Christoph Hatz, Patricia Schlagenhauf
BACKGROUND: Increasing numbers of confirmed cases of Zika virus (ZIKV) infection resulting from non-mosquito-borne transmission have been reported. METHODS: We performed a systematic literature review (PRISMA guidelines) on intrauterine, intrapartum, sexual and animal bite ZIKV transmission. The presence of the virus in breast milk, urine, saliva and blood transfusions was also reviewed. RESULTS: The search resulted in 285 papers of possible relevance, of which we included 53 in the systematic review...
July 2016: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
Chun-Yip Hon, Dina Abusitta
BACKGROUND: The exposure of health care workers to antineoplastic drugs is associated with several adverse health effects, including reproductive toxicities and mutagenic effects. Recent studies have confirmed that Canadian health care workers are at risk of exposure to these agents. However, the causes leading to occupational exposure to antineoplastic drugs are unknown. OBJECTIVE: To perform an exploratory study to ascertain the immediate and contributing causes of health care workers' exposure to antineoplastic drugs...
May 2016: Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
Lynn Y Choi, Rosalicia Torres, Sohail Syed, Sean Boyle, Ashar Ata, Todd D Beyer, Carl Rosati
BACKGROUND: The hospital is a place of high risk for sharps and needlestick injuries (SNI) and such injuries are historically underreported. METHODS: This institutional review board approved study compares the incidence of SNI among all surgical personnel at a single academic institution via an anonymous electronic survey distributed to medical students, surgical residents, general surgery attendings, surgical technicians, and operating room nurses. RESULTS: The overall survey response rate was 37% (195/528)...
July 5, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
S Wicker, S Wutzler, I Marzi, H F Rabenau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 7, 2016: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
Sara Sollai, Jessica Iacopelli, Mattia Giovannini, Manuela Prato, Luisa Galli, Maurizio de Martino, Elena Chiappini
INTRODUCTION: Accidental needle injury is a common but still discussed problem. OBJECTIVE: We discuss possible options to optimize the management of injured children in light of the available literature findings. RESULTS: The risk of viral infection is low. However, blood investigations are mandatory, as well as appropriate counselling. Anti-HBV immunoglobulins are recommended in all unvaccinated subjects exposed to a HBsAg-positive source; however, there is no agreement regarding their administration in unvaccinated children...
October 2016: Journal of Chemotherapy
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