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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052667/differences-in-coping-among-african-american-women-with-breast-cancer-and-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#1
Crystal C Watkins, Iye Kamara Kanu, Jill B Hamilton, Sharon L Kozachik, Fannie Gaston-Johansson
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To determine differences in psychological distress, symptoms, coping capacity, and coping abilities among African American (AA) women with triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) and non-TNBC and to explore differences in relationships among these variables.
. DESIGN: A prospective, descriptive, comparative, and correlational design.
. SETTING: Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland.
. SAMPLE: 30 AA women with breast cancer...
November 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052663/self-management-intervention-for-adult-cancer-survivors-after-treatment-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Soo Hyun Kim, Kisook Kim, Deborah K Mayer
PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION: This study aims to evaluate the effects of self-management interventions (SMIs) for cancer survivors who completed primary treatment. 
. LITERATURE SEARCH: Using PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL®, PsycINFO®, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trails (CENTRAL), the authors conducted a systematic search of randomized, controlled trials published in English from database conception through June 2016. 
. DATA EVALUATION: The meta-analysis was conducted with Cochrane Review Manager, version 5...
November 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052658/feasibility-study-of-an-online-intervention-to-support-male-spouses-of-women-with-breast-cancer
#3
Wendy Duggleby, Sunita Ghosh, Kelly Struthers-Montford, Cheryl Nekolaichuk, Ceinwen Cumming, Roanne Thomas, Katia Tonkin, Jennifer Swindle
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the feasibility of a web-based psychosocial supportive intervention entitled Male Transition Toolkit (MaTT). 
. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled trial, mixed methods, concurrent feasibility design.
. SETTING: Edmonton, a large metropolitan city in western Canada.
. SAMPLE: 40 dyads (women with breast cancer and their spouse).
. METHODS: Male spouse participants in the treatment group accessed MaTT for four weeks...
November 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052219/pharmacogenomic-discovery-to-function-and-mechanism-breast-cancer-as-a-case-study
#4
Liewei Wang, James Ingle, Richard Weinshilboum
Biomedical research is undergoing rapid change, with the development of a series of analytical omics techniques that are capable of generating Biomedical Big Data. These developments provide an unprecedented opportunity to gain novel insight into disease pathophysiology and mechanisms of drug action and response-but they also present significant challenges. Pharmacogenomics is a discipline within Clinical Pharmacology that has been at the forefront in defining, taking advantage of and dealing with the opportunities and challenges of this aspect of the Post-Genome Project world...
October 20, 2017: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049466/breast-implant-associated-anaplastic-large-cell-lymphoma-a-systematic-review
#5
Ashley N Leberfinger, Brittany J Behar, Nicole C Williams, Kevin L Rakszawski, John D Potochny, Donald R Mackay, Dino J Ravnic
Importance: Breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (BIA-ALCL), a rare peripheral T-cell lymphoma, is increasing in incidence. However, many practitioners who treat patients with breast cancer are not aware of this disease. Objectives: To assess how BIA-ALCL develops, its risk factors, diagnosis, and subsequent treatment and to disseminate information about this entity to the medical field. Evidence Review: A literature review was performed in an academic medical setting...
October 18, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049237/effect-and-safety-of-cytokine-induced-killer-cik-cell-immunotherapy-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#6
Jianxin Hu, Junfeng Hu, Xiandong Liu, Chao Hu, Ming Li, Wei Han
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer (BC) is considered a systemic disease with a primarily locoregional component. The accumulation of basic researches and clinical studies related to cytokine-induced killer (CIK) cells has confirmed their safety and feasibility in treating BC. By searching the PubMed, Embase, CNKI, and Wanfang databases, we conducted a meta-analysis to assess the efficacy and safety of DC/CIK plus chemotherapy regimen (Exp) compared with chemotherapy (Con) alone regimen for breast carcinoma...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048993/personalized-risk-prediction-in-clinical-oncology-research-applications-and-practical-issues-using-survival-trees-and-random-forests
#7
Chen Hu, Jon Arni Steingrimsson
A crucial component of making individualized treatment decisions is to accurately predict each patient's disease risk. In clinical oncology, disease risks are often measured through time-to-event data, such as overall survival and progression/recurrence-free survival, and are often subject to censoring. Risk prediction models based on recursive partitioning methods are becoming increasingly popular largely due to their ability to handle nonlinear relationships, higher-order interactions, and/or high-dimensional covariates...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Biopharmaceutical Statistics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048370/migration-rate-inhibition-of-breast-cancer-cells-treated-by-caffeic-acid-and-caffeic-acid-phenethyl-ester-an-in-vitro-comparison-study
#8
Agata Kabała-Dzik, Anna Rzepecka-Stojko, Robert Kubina, Żaneta Jastrzębska-Stojko, Rafał Stojko, Robert Dariusz Wojtyczka, Jerzy Stojko
One of the deadliest cancers among women is a breast cancer. Research has shown that two natural substances occurring in propolis, caffeic acid (CA) and caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE), have significant anticancer effects. The purpose of our in vitro study was to compare cytotoxic activity and migration rate inhibition using CA and CAPE (doses of 50 and 100 µm) against triple-negative, MDA-MB-231 breast adenocarcinoma line cells, drawn from Caucasian women. Viability was measured by XTT-NR-SRB assay (Tetrazolium hydroxide-Neutral Red-Sulforhodamine B) for 24 h and 48 h periods...
October 19, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046905/the-controversial-role-of-forkhead-box-f2-foxf2-transcription-factor-in-breast-cancer
#9
Pang-Kuo Lo
Deregulating the subcellular localization, functions and expression of Forkhead box (FOX) transcription factors that are critically involved in embryonic development and multiple biological processes is known to result in the development and progression of diseases, in particular cancer. Human FOXF transcription factors, including FOXF1 and FOXF2, are a subfamily of the FOX gene family. The recent findings from ours and others have linked FOXF2 to breast cancer development and progression. Our studies have shown that FOXF2 acts as a tumor-suppressive inhibitor of DNA replication in luminal and HER2-positive breast cancers and as an oncogenic activator of the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in triple-negative/basal-like breast cancers (TN/BLBC), suggesting that FOXF2 plays a dual role in breast cancer...
2017: PRAS Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045879/probing-cell-adhesion-profiles-with-a-microscale-adhesive-choice-assay
#10
Harsha Kittur, Andy Tay, Avery Hua, Min Yu, Dino Di Carlo
In this work, we introduce, to our knowledge, a new set of adhesion-based biomarkers for characterizing mammalian cells. Mammalian cell adhesion to the extracellular matrix influences numerous physiological processes. Current in vitro methods to probe adhesion focus on adhesive force to a single surface, which can investigate only a subcomponent of the adhesive, motility, and polarization cues responsible for adhesion in the 3D tissue environment. Here, we demonstrate a method to quantify the transhesive properties of cells that relies on the microscale juxtaposition of two extracellular matrix-coated surfaces...
October 17, 2017: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045632/patient-general-practitioner-and-oncologist-views-regarding-long-term-cancer-shared-care
#11
Heike Schütze, Melvin Chin, David Weller, Mark F Harris
Background: The rising incidence of cancer and increasing number of cancer survivors place competing demands on specialist oncology clinics. This has led to a need to consider collaborative care between primary and secondary care for the long-term post-treatment care of cancer survivors. Objective: To explore the views of breast and colorectal cancer survivors, their oncologist and GP about GPs taking a more active role in long-term cancer follow-up care. Methods: Semi-structured interviews using a thematic analysis framework...
October 14, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044832/understanding-acceptability-of-and-engagement-with-web-based-interventions-aiming-to-improve-quality-of-life-in-cancer-survivors-a-synthesis-of-current-research
#12
REVIEW
Teresa Corbett, Karmpaul Singh, Liz Payne, Katherine Bradbury, Claire Foster, Eila Watson, Alison Richardson, Paul Little, Lucy Yardley
PURPOSE: This review sought to summarize existing knowledge in order to inform the development of an online intervention that aims to improve quality of life after cancer treatment. METHODS: To inform our intervention, we searched for studies relating to web-based interventions designed to improve QoL in adults who have completed primary treatment for breast, prostate and colorectal cancer (as these are three of the most common cancers and impact a large number of cancer survivors)...
October 17, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043567/impact-of-adverse-events-on-health-utility-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-receiving-first-line-chemotherapy-for-metastatic-breast-cancer-results-from-the-select-bc-study
#13
Yasuhiro Hagiwara, Takeru Shiroiwa, Kojiro Shimozuma, Takuya Kawahara, Yukari Uemura, Takanori Watanabe, Naruto Taira, Takashi Fukuda, Yasuo Ohashi, Hirofumi Mukai
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of adverse events (AEs) on health utility and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in patients with metastatic breast cancer undergoing first-line chemotherapy. METHODS: We analyzed the data from the SELECT BC study, a multicenter, open-label, randomized, phase III study conducted in Japan, which compared first-line S-1 with taxane therapies. Heath utility and HRQOL were assessed using the EQ-5D-3L and European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire Core 30 (EORTC QLQ-C30) at baseline and 3, 6, and 12 months after treatment initiation...
October 17, 2017: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042777/self-rated-cognitive-functions-following-chemotherapy-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-a-6-month-prospective-study
#14
Ryosuke Kitahata, Shinichiro Nakajima, Hiroyuki Uchida, Tetsu Hayashida, Maiko Takahashi, Shintaro Nio, Jinichi Hirano, Maki Nagaoka, Takefumi Suzuki, Hiromitsu Jinno, Yuko Kitagawa, Masaru Mimura
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to evaluate subjective (self-rated), family-rated, and objective (researcher-rated) cognitive functions in patients with breast cancer after chemotherapy. METHOD: We conducted a prospective study to trace self-rated cognitive functions in 30 patients with breast cancer at the completion of chemotherapy (T0) and 6 months later (T1). Subjective cognitive functions were assessed with Cognitive Failures Questionnaire (CFQ), Dysexecutive Questionnaire (DEX-S), and Everyday Memory Checklist (EMC-S) for attention, executive function, and episodic memory, respectively...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039216/breast-cancer-screening-and-migrants-exploring-targeted-messages-for-moroccan-migrant-women-in-brussels
#15
Wanda Monika Johanna Van Hemelrijck, L Suzanne Suggs, Alessandra Agnese Grossi, Peter Schröder-Bäck, Katarzyna Czabanowska
OBJECTIVES: This study explored views of Moroccan migrant women on barriers and facilitators to the organized breast cancer screening program in Brussels (Belgium), and the potential of targeted printed invitations to increase this population's attendance to the program. METHODS: We conducted one expert interview with the breast cancer screening program coordinator on current practices and challenges with regards to inviting Moroccan migrant women in Brussels for screening...
October 17, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038177/cervical-and-breast-cancer-screening-participation-and-utilisation-of-maternal-health-services-a-cross-sectional-study-among-immigrant-women-in-southern-italy
#16
Aida Bianco, Elisabetta Larosa, Claudia Pileggi, Carmelo G A Nobile, Maria Pavia
OBJECTIVES: Women make up approximately half of the world's one billion migrants. Immigrant women tend to be one of the most vulnerable population groups with respect to healthcare. Cancer screening (CS) and maternal and reproductive health have been included among the 10 main issues pertinent to women's health. The aim of this study is to explore breast and cervical CS participation and to acquire information regarding access to healthcare services during pregnancy, childbirth and the postpartum period among age eligible immigrant women in Southern Italy...
October 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038151/obesity-and-cancer-evidence-impact-and-future-directions
#17
REVIEW
Graham A Colditz, Lindsay L Peterson
BACKGROUND: Mounting evidence, particularly from prospective epidemiologic studies but with additional support from animal models and mechanistic studies, supported conclusions in 2016 by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC)(3) in their review of the preventive effects of weight control on cancer risk. CONTENT: The workgroup concluded that obesity is causally related to cancer at 13 anatomic sites (esophagus: adenocarcinoma; gastric cardia; colon and rectum; liver; gallbladder; pancreas; breast: postmenopausal; uterine endometrial; ovary; kidney: renal cell; meningioma; thyroid; and multiple myeloma)...
October 16, 2017: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034621/-circular-rnas-and-their-roles-in-tumorigenesis
#18
Yi Xie, Tianwen Li, Xiaoyan Mo, Junming Guo
Recently, with the development of RNA research techniques, a wide variety of circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been discovered and some of them are confirmed to have crucial biological functions. CircRNAs arise from exons (i.e. exonic circRNAs) or introns (i.e. intronic circRNAs). Acting as microRNA sponges or combining with proteins, circRNAs participate in the regulation of gene expression and influence the activity of some proteins. In addition, some circRNAs even encode proteins. More importantly, several circRNAs play a key role in the occurrence and progression of some tumors, including stomach, liver, colon, breast, cervical, and ovarian cancers...
November 25, 2016: Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao, Chinese Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033976/conffuse-high-confidence-fusion-gene-detection-across-tumor-entities
#19
Zhiqin Huang, David T W Jones, Yonghe Wu, Peter Lichter, Marc Zapatka
Background: Fusion genes play an important role in the tumorigenesis of many cancers. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies have been successfully applied in fusion gene detection for the last several years, and a number of NGS-based tools have been developed for identifying fusion genes during this period. Most fusion gene detection tools based on RNA-seq data report a large number of candidates (mostly false positives), making it hard to prioritize candidates for experimental validation and further analysis...
2017: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033607/profiling-of-gene-expression-regulated-by-17%C3%AE-estradiol-and-tamoxifen-in-estrogen-receptor-positive-and-estrogen-receptor-negative-human-breast-cancer-cell-lines
#20
Nelson Rangel, Victoria E Villegas, Milena Rondón-Lagos
One area of great importance in breast cancer (BC) research is the study of gene expression regulated by both estrogenic and antiestrogenic agents. Although many studies have been performed in this area, most of them have only addressed the effects of 17β-estradiol (E2) and tamoxifen (TAM) on MCF7 cells. This study aimed to determine the effect of low doses of E2 and TAM on the expression levels of 84 key genes, which are commonly involved in breast carcinogenesis, in four BC cell lines differentially expressing estrogen receptor (ER) α and HER2 (MCF7, T47D, BT474, and SKBR3)...
2017: Breast Cancer: Targets and Therapy
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