keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Interdisciplinary

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140824/beginnings-of-astigmatism-understanding-and-management-in-the-19th-century
#1
Andrzej Grzybowski, Piotr Kanclerz
Within the last 200 years, the perception of astigmatism has evolved from that of an infrequent and peculiar defect of the eye to a distortion almost as common as spherical refractive errors. Most of the significant findings on this condition were made in the 19th century, including the first description by Thomas Young (1773-1829) and the introduction of the treatment methods used today. The purpose of this study was to investigate the milestones in the understanding and management of astigmatism that occurred up to the year 1900...
November 14, 2017: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140497/integrating-complementary-and-traditional-practices-in-middle-eastern-supportive-cancer-care
#2
Eran Ben-Arye, Noah Samuels, Michel Daher, Ibrahim Turker, Omar Nimri, Maryam Rassouli, Michael Silbermann
The Middle East is a promising arena in which researchers can explore the interchange between cross-cultural traditional medicine and supportive cancer care, as provided within an integrative oncology setting. Integrative oncology research and clinical practice in this part of the world have been focusing, for the most part, on the use of herbal medicine and mind-body-spiritual modalities, both of which are deeply rooted in traditional medical care. A regional, multinational, and interdisciplinary collaboration is currently being undertaken as part of the academic activities of the Middle-East Research Group in Integrative Oncology (MERGIO)...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140493/a-comprehensive-definition-for-integrative-oncology
#3
Claudia M Witt, Lynda G Balneaves, Maria J Cardoso, Lorenzo Cohen, Heather Greenlee, Peter Johnstone, Ömer Kücük, Josh Mailman, Jun J Mao
Background: Integrative oncology, which is generally understood to refer to the use of a combination of complementary medicine therapies in conjunction with conventional cancer treatments, has been defined in different ways, but there is no widely accepted definition. We sought to develop and establish a consensus for a comprehensive definition of the field of integrative oncology. Methods: We used a mixed-methods approach that included a literature analysis and a consensus procedure, including an interdisciplinary expert panel and surveys, to develop a comprehensive and acceptable definition for the term "integrative oncology...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139565/leukocyte-adhesion-defect-i-rare-primary-immune-deficiency
#4
Nitesh Tewari, Vijay Prakash Mathur, Vikender Singh Yadav, Prabhat Chaudhari
Leukocyte adhesion defect I is a rare disorder (1:1,000,000) caused by diminished expression of CD-18 β2 integrins on leukocytes leading to abnormal adhesion, migration, and chemotaxis. Clinical manifestations include delayed separation of umbilical cord, omphalitis, recurrent severe infections, impaired wound healing, persistent oral ulcers, and severe periodontitis in primary and permanent dentition. A 5-year-old girl, second-born child to parents with consanguinity, presented with pain and mobility of lower teeth...
November 15, 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139537/planaria-an-animal-model-that-integrates-development-regeneration-and-pharmacology
#5
Oné R Pagán
Although planarians are established model organisms in developmental biology and regeneration studies, in the last forty years or so, they have caught the attention of pharmacologists, especially to study the pharmacology of drugs of abuse. This review covers the following topics: some fundamentals of the history of animal models and planarians in biomedical research; an abbreviated story of systematic pharmacology research using planarians as a model organism; an example of how planarians are contributing to the search for compounds against acute cocaine toxicity; an analysis of the number of papers on planarians and pharmacological topics from 1900-2016; some perspectives on pharmacology in developmental and regeneration studies, arguing in favor of the planarian model as a leading subject for this interdisciplinary area of research, and finally some concluding thoughts...
2017: International Journal of Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139100/-guidelines-for-non-invasive-and-invasive-home-mechanical-ventilation-for-treatment-of-chronic-respiratory-failure-update-2017
#6
W Windisch, M Dreher, J Geiseler, K Siemon, J Brambring, D Dellweg, B Grolle, S Hirschfeld, T Köhnlein, U Mellies, S Rosseau, B Schönhofer, B Schucher, A Schütz, H Sitter, S Stieglitz, J Storre, M Winterholler, P Young, S Walterspacher
Today, invasive and non-invasive home mechanical ventilation have become a well-established treatment option. Consequently, in 2010 the German Society of Pneumology and Mechanical Ventilation (DGP) has leadingly published the guidelines on "Non-Invasive and Invasive Mechanical Ventilation for Treatment of Chronic Respiratory Failure". However, continuing technical evolutions, new scientific insights, and health care developments require an extensive revision of the guidelines.For this reason, the updated guidelines are now published...
November 2017: Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138887/-developments-in-dysphagia-diagnostics-presentation-of-an-interdisciplinary-concept
#7
REVIEW
C Pflug, T Flügel, J C Nienstedt
Demographic developments and medical progress will cause the already high prevalence of swallowing disorders to increase further in the future. With the same number of specialists and economic resources, it is necessary to improve the efficiency of dysphagia diagnostics and continue to offer patients a treatment concept tailored to their needs. Manifold and often co-existing causes of dysphagia require interdisciplinary cooperation in this area. Endoscopic swallowing diagnostics play a prominent role in dysphagia diagnostics and should always contain thorough endoscopy of the upper aerodigestive tract-the domain of the ENT specialist and phoniatrician...
November 14, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138200/assessing-the-consequences-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-on-offspring-s-cardiovascular-health-mysweetheart-cohort-study-protocol-switzerland
#8
Stefano Di Bernardo, Yvan Mivelaz, Adina Mihaela Epure, Yvan Vial, Umberto Simeoni, Pascal Bovet, Sandrine Estoppey Younes, Arnaud Chiolero, Nicole Sekarski
INTRODUCTION: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a state of glucose intolerance with onset during pregnancy. GDM carries prenatal and perinatal risks as well as long-term risks for the mother and her child. GDM may be involved in the foetal programming of long-term cardiovascular health. However, evidence is sparse and the effect of GDM on cardiovascular health is unknown. To address these issues, we will conduct MySweetHeart Cohort study. The objectives are to assess the effect of GDM on offspring's cardiovascular health early in life by using surrogate markers of cardiovascular disease and atherosclerosis...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137936/the-field-of-medical-anthropology-in-social-science-medicine
#9
Catherine Panter-Brick, Mark Eggerman
Conceptually and methodologically, medical anthropology is well-positioned to support a "big-tent" research agenda on health and society. It fosters approaches to social and structural models of health and wellbeing in ways that are critically reflective, cross-cultural, people-centered, and transdisciplinary. In this review article, we showcase these four main characteristics of the field, as featured in Social Science & Medicine over the last fifty years, highlighting their relevance for an international and interdisciplinary readership...
October 31, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136676/papillary-thyroid-cancer-and-coexisting-autoimmune-thyroiditis
#10
Franziska Veit, Dieter Graf, Saskia Momberger, Brigitte Helmich-Kapp, Ilka Ruschenburg, Anja Peters, Jochen Kussmann, Wolfgang Saeger, Kurt Werner Schmidt, Martin Toetsch, Kai Nestler, Klaus Mann
Histological findings often display an association between papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTC) and autoimmune thyroiditis (AIT) and so differ significantly from follicular thyroid carcinomas (FTC). The aim of this interdisciplinary, retrospective study was to evaluate the association of AIT in patients with PTC and FTC and a control group of benign nodular goiters. One hundred thyroidectomies with histologically confirmed differentiated thyroid carcinomas, 67 with PTC and 33 with FTC, were submitted for examination...
November 2017: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135754/implementation-of-a-pediatric-behavioral-staffing-algorithm-in-an-acute-hospital-a-best-practice-implementation-project
#11
Tamara O'Connor
BACKGROUND: A progressive decline in acute psychiatric facility beds has led to a steadily increasing number of pediatric psychiatric patients hospitalized on acute care medical-surgical units. Clinical nurses in this environment feel ill-equipped to provide quality behavioral health care. AIMS/OBJECTIVES: This project aimed to improve continuity of care as well as staff and patient safety in pediatric acute and transitional care units. The specific objectives related to implementation of a resource allocation algorithm for staffing behavioral health admissions and consistent use of an interdisciplinary psychiatric huddle...
November 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134243/-implants-for-genital-prolapse-pro-mesh-surgery
#12
REVIEW
J Neymeyer, D-E Moldovan, K Kornienko, K Miller, A Weichert
There has been an overall increase in pelvic organ prolapse due to demographic changes (increased life expectancy). Increasing sociocultural demands of women require treatments that are more effective with methods that are more successful. In the treatment of pelvic floor insufficiency and uterovaginal prolapse, pelvic floor reconstructions with mesh implants have proven to be superior to conventional methods such as the classic colporrhaphy, reconstructions with biomaterial, and native tissue repair in appropriately selected patients and when applying exact operation techniques, especially because of good long-term results and low recurrence rates...
November 13, 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132949/redefining-neuroendocrinology-epigenetics-of-brain-body-communication-over-the-life-course
#13
REVIEW
Bruce S McEwen
The brain is the central organ of stress and adaptation to stress that perceives and determines what is threatening, as well as the behavioral and physiological responses to the stressor, and it does so somewhat differently in males and females. The expression of steroid hormone receptors throughout the brain has broadened the definition of 'neuroendocrinology' to include the reciprocal communication between the entire brain and body via hormonal and neural pathways. Mediated in part via systemic hormonal influences, the adult and developing brain possess remarkable structural and functional plasticity in response to stress, including neuronal replacement, dendritic remodeling, and synapse turnover...
November 10, 2017: Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132595/remote-ecls-implantation-and-transport-for-retrieval-of-cardiogenic-shock-patients
#14
Sabina P W Guenther, Stefan Buchholz, Frank Born, Stefan Brunner, René Schramm, Dominik J Hoechter, Vera von Dossow, Maximilian Pichlmaier, Christian Hagl, Nawid Khaladj
OBJECTIVE: Extracorporeal life support (ECLS) emerges as a salvage option in therapy refractory cardiogenic shock but is limited to highly specialized tertiary care centers. Critically ill patients are often too unstable for conventional transport. Mobile ECLS programs for remote implantation and subsequent air or ground-based transport for patient retrieval could solve this dilemma and make full-spectrum advanced cardiac care available to patients in remote hospitals in whom shock otherwise might be fatal...
November 2017: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132204/complete-cure-of-advanced-hepatocellular-carcinoma-with-right-adrenal-gland-metastasis-and-portal-vein-thrombosis-by-multiple-applications-of-an-interdisciplinary-therapy-case-report-with-8-year-follow-up
#15
Hojung Jung, Byung Ik Km, Yong Kyun Cho, Woo Kyu Jeon, Hong Joo Kim, Hyun Pyo Hong
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the sixth most common cause of death worldwide and the main cause of primary liver cancer. The principle problem of HCC is the poor prognosis, since advanced HCC reportedly has a median survival of only 9 months. The standard therapies are sorafenib and regorafenib, but the outcomes remain unclear. We report a 60-year-old man with advanced HCC with right adrenal gland metastasis and portal vein tumor thrombosis, who showed a complete response to multiple applications of an interdisciplinary therapy...
November 14, 2017: Clinical and Molecular Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132069/risk-factors-for-tooth-loss-in-middle-and-older-age-after-up-to-10-years-an-observational-cohort-study
#16
Alexander Jochen Hassel, Volkan Safaltin, Sabine Grill, Johannes Schröder, Hans-Werner Wahl, Anna-Luisa Klotz, Edriss Habibi, Peter Rammelsberg, Andreas Zenthöfer
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this research was to identify risk factors for tooth loss in two birth cohorts, quinquagenarians and septuagenarians, after up to 10 years of clinical observation. DESIGN: One hundred and twenty-three participants were recruited from the Interdisciplinary Study of Adult Development (ILSE) and examined at baseline and up to 10 years after. Thirty-nine and 84 participants belonged to the older (OC; born in 1930/32) cohort and younger (YC; born in 1950/52) cohort, respectively...
November 6, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131737/the-use-of-yoga-by-physical-therapists-in-the-united-states
#17
Mary E Wims, Shayla M McIntyre, Ann York, Laura G Covill
How physical therapists (PTs) in the United States currently use yoga in their clinical practices is unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine how PTs in the United States view yoga as a physical therapy (PT) tool and how PTs use yoga therapeutically. The authors conducted a 24-item survey via electronic communications of the Geriatric, Orthopedic, Pediatric, and Women's Health Sections of the American Physical Therapy Association. Participants (n = 333) from 47 states and the District of Columbia replied...
November 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131704/impact-of-team-composition-on-student-perceptions-of-interprofessional-teamwork-a-6-year-cohort-study
#18
Chad Lairamore, Duston Morris, Rachel Schichtl, Lorrie George-Paschal, Heather Martens, Alexandros Maragakis, Mary Garnica, Barbara Jones, Myra Grantham, Adam Bruenger
Interprofessional education (IPE) provides students with opportunities to learn about the roles and responsibilities of other professions and develop communication and teamwork skills. As different health professions have recognised the importance of IPE, the number of disciplines participating in IPE events is increasing. Consequently, it is important to examine the effect group structure has on the learning environment and student knowledge acquisition during IPE events. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of group composition on student perceptions of interprofessional teamwork and collaboration when participating in a case-based IPE forum...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131155/treatment-intensity-and-symptom-burden-in-hospitalized-adolescent-and-young-adult-hematopoietic-cell-transplant-recipients-at-the-end-of-life
#19
J M Snaman, A C Talleur, J Lu, D R Levine, E C Kaye, A Sykes, Z Lu, B M Triplett, J N Baker
Adolescent and young adult (AYA) oncology patients experience many physical and psychological symptoms at the end of life (EOL); however, data on these experiences for AYA patients who have undergone hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) remains sparse. We sought to investigate the characteristics of AYA patients aged 15-25 years who received allogeneic HCT and subsequently died while inpatient at our institution between the years 2008 and 2014. A standardized data extraction tool was used to collect information about patient demographics, treatment and symptoms...
November 13, 2017: Bone Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130179/differential-equations-models-to-study-quorum-sensing
#20
Judith Pérez-Velázquez, Burkhard A Hense
Mathematical models to study quorum sensing (QS) have become an important tool to explore all aspects of this type of bacterial communication. A wide spectrum of mathematical tools and methods such as dynamical systems, stochastics, and spatial models can be employed. In this chapter, we focus on giving an overview of models consisting of differential equations (DE), which can be used to describe changing quantities, for example, the dynamics of one or more signaling molecule in time and space, often in conjunction with bacterial growth dynamics...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
keyword
keyword
4432
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"