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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932701/synthesis-and-characterization-of-fluorescein-grafted-polyurethane-for-potential-application-in-biomedical-tracing
#1
Boyuan Yang, Qin Zou, Lili Lin, Limei Li, Yi Zuo, Yubao Li
Redesigned multifunctional biopolymers represent a novel building bridge for interdisciplinary collaborations in biomaterials development. We prepared fluorescein-grafted polyurethane scaffolds (PU-C1, PU-C5, and PU-B1) to meet both clinical needs and biological safety evaluations, using different contents of calcein and different synthesis procedures for potential biomedical tracing. X-ray diffraction, infrared, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance, scanning electron microscopy, and light microscopy were used to analyze the composition and structure of polyurethanes, as well as to observe their morphology with and without biomarkers...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931056/-guideline-s2k-awmf-of-the-deutsche-gesellschaft-f%C3%A3-r-pneumologie-und-beatmungsmedizin-and-the-deutsche-gesellschaft-f%C3%A3-r-arbeitsmedizin-und-umweltmedizin-diagnostics-and-expert-opinion-in-the-occupational-disease-no-4101-silicosis-including-coal-worker-s-pneumoconiosis
#2
X Baur, M Heger, R M Bohle, K G Hering, K Hofmann-Preiß, D Nowak, A Tannapfel, H Teschler, T Voshaar, T Kraus
During the last 1.5 years an update of the guideline on silicosis was made by an interdisciplinary working group. New medical and scientific knowledge and the experience in expert opinion practice were taken into account.By preparing the initial guideline in 2010 standardization of diagnostics and adaption of the "Moers convention" which was not based on medical knowledge was in the focus, whereas the current update deals with fine emendation and extension, especially of the compensation rate (adaption with the Reichenhall recommendation)...
December 2016: Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930998/fate-and-ecotoxicological-impact-of-new-generation-herbicides-from-the-triketone-family-an-overview-to-assess-the-environmental-risks
#3
REVIEW
E Dumas, M Giraudo, E Goujon, M Halma, E Knhili, M Stauffert, I Batisson, P Besse-Hoggan, J Bohatier, P Bouchard, H Celle-Jeanton, M Costa Gomes, F Delbac, C Forano, P Goupil, N Guix, P Husson, G Ledoigt, C Mallet, C Mousty, V Prévot, C Richard, S Sarraute
Triketones, derived chemically from a natural phytotoxin (leptospermone), are a good example of allelochemicals as lead molecules for the development of new herbicides. Targeting a new and key enzyme involved in carotenoid biosynthesis, these latest-generation herbicides (sulcotrione, mesotrione and tembotrione) were designed to be eco-friendly and commercialized fifteen-twenty years ago. The mechanisms controlling their fate in different ecological niches as well as their toxicity and impact on different organisms or ecosystems are still under investigation...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930401/embedding-a-palliative-approach-in-nursing-care-delivery-an-integrated-knowledge-synthesis
#4
Richard Sawatzky, Pat Porterfield, Della Roberts, Joyce Lee, Leah Liang, Sheryl Reimer-Kirkham, Barb Pesut, Tilly Schalkwyk, Kelli Stajduhar, Carolyn Tayler, Jennifer Baumbusch, Sally Thorne
A palliative approach involves adapting and integrating principles and values from palliative care into the care of persons who have life-limiting conditions throughout their illness trajectories. The aim of this research was to determine what approaches to nursing care delivery support the integration of a palliative approach in hospital, residential, and home care settings. The findings substantiate the importance of embedding the values and tenets of a palliative approach into nursing care delivery, the roles that nurses have in working with interdisciplinary teams to integrate a palliative approach, and the need for practice supports to facilitate that embedding and integration...
December 6, 2016: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930397/advancing-nursing-research-in-the-visual-era-reenvisioning-the-photovoice-process-across-phenomenological-grounded-theory-and-critical-theory-methodologies
#5
Robin A Evans-Agnew, Doris M Boutain, Marie-Anne S Rosemberg
Photovoice is a powerful research method that employs participant photography for advancing voice, knowledge, and transformative change among groups historically or currently marginalized. Paradoxically, this research method risks exploitation of participant voice because of weak methodology to method congruence. The purposes of this retrospective article are to revisit current interdisciplinary research using photovoice and to suggest how to advance photovoice by improving methodology-method congruence. Novel templates are provided for improving the photovoice process across phenomenological, grounded theory, and critical theory methodologies...
December 6, 2016: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930396/middle-range-theory-a-perspective-on-development-and-use
#6
Patricia Liehr, Mary Jane Smith
This replication and critique addresses ongoing development and use of middle range theory since considering this body of nursing knowledge 18 years ago. Middle range theory is appreciated as essential to the structure of nursing knowledge. Nine middle range theories that demonstrate ongoing use by the theory authors are analyzed using the criteria of theory name, theory generation, disciplinary perspective, theory model, practice use and research use. Critique conclusions indicate the importance of staying with the theory over time, naming and development consistent with the disciplinary perspective, movement to an empirical level, and bringing middle range theory to the interdisciplinary table...
December 6, 2016: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928653/domesticating-deathcare-the-women-of-the-u-s-natural-deathcare-movement
#7
Philip R Olson
This article examines the women-led natural deathcare movment in the early 21(st) century U.S., focusing upon the movement's non-coincidental epistemological and gender-political similarities to the natural childbirth movement. Adopting an interdisciplinary approach and drawing upon the author's intensive interviews with pioneers and leaders of the U.S. natural deathcare movement, as well as from the author's own participation in the movement, this article argues that the political similarities between the countercultural natural childbirth and natural deathcare movements reveal a common cultural provocation-one that spans the natal transition and the fatal transition...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928508/a-perspective-on-physiological-studies-supporting-the-provision-of-scientific-advice-for-the-management-of-fraser-river-sockeye-salmon-oncorhynchus-nerka
#8
REVIEW
David A Patterson, Steven J Cooke, Scott G Hinch, Kendra A Robinson, Nathan Young, Anthony P Farrell, Kristina M Miller
The inability of physiologists to effect change in fisheries management has been the source of frustration for many decades. Close collaboration between fisheries managers and researchers has afforded our interdisciplinary team an unusual opportunity to evaluate the emerging impact that physiology can have in providing relevant and credible scientific advice to assist in management decisions. We categorize the quality of scientific advice given to management into five levels based on the type of scientific activity and resulting advice (notions, observations, descriptions, predictions and prescriptions)...
2016: Conservation Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928498/case-report-emergency-awake-craniotomy-for-cerebral-abscess-in-a-patient-with-unrepaired-cyanotic-congenital-heart-disease
#9
Corinne D'Antico, André Hofer, Jens Fassl, Daniel Tobler, Daniel Zumofen, Nicolai Goettel
We report the case of a 39-year-old male with complex cyanotic congenital heart disease undergoing emergency craniotomy for a cerebral abscess. Maintenance of intraoperative hemodynamic stability and adequate tissue oxygenation during anesthesia may be challenging in patients with cyanotic congenital heart disease. In this case, we decided to perform the surgery as an awake craniotomy after interdisciplinary consensus. We discuss general aspects of anesthetic management during awake craniotomy and specific concerns in the perioperative care of patients with congenital heart disease...
2016: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928193/developing-a-business-plan-for-critical-care-pharmacy-services
#10
Brian L Erstad, Henry J Mann, Robert J Weber
Critical care medicine has grown from a small group of physicians participating in patient care rounds in surgical and medical intensive care units (ICUs) to a highly technical, interdisciplinary team. Pharmacy's growth in the area of critical care is as exponential. Today's ICU requires a comprehensive pharmaceutical service that includes both operational and clinical services to meet patient medication needs. This article provides the elements for a business plan to justify critical care pharmacy services by describing the pertinent background and benefit of ICU pharmacy services, detailing a current assessment of ICU pharmacy services, listing the essential ICU pharmacy services, describing service metrics, and delineating an appropriate timeline for implementing an ICU pharmacy service...
November 2016: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928040/biodiversity-in-the-anthropocene-prospects-and-policy
#11
REVIEW
Nathalie Seddon, Georgina M Mace, Shahid Naeem, Joseph A Tobias, Alex L Pigot, Rachel Cavanagh, David Mouillot, James Vause, Matt Walpole
Meeting the ever-increasing needs of the Earth's human population without excessively reducing biological diversity is one of the greatest challenges facing humanity, suggesting that new approaches to biodiversity conservation are required. One idea rapidly gaining momentum-as well as opposition-is to incorporate the values of biodiversity into decision-making using economic methods. Here, we develop several lines of argument for how biodiversity might be valued, building on recent developments in natural science, economics and science-policy processes...
December 14, 2016: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927818/interdisciplinary-management-of-hip-fracture
#12
Cameron Swift, Saoussen Ftouh, Patrick Langford, Timothy S Chesser, Antony Johanssen
Hip fracture is a prevalent age-associated occurrence incorporating both medical and surgical need and a major challenge to public health and NHS resources. Effective management requires coordinated collaboration across specialties, professions and services. This concise guideline focuses on interdisciplinary aspects of hip fracture management abstracted from National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) clinical guideline (CG124), including the concept and implementation of the Hip Fracture Programme, detection and management of comorbidity and delirium, optimal analgesia, timing of surgery, multidisciplinary mobilisation, rehabilitation and hospital discharge...
December 2016: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926793/information-seeking-when-problem-solving-perspectives-of-public-health-professionals
#13
Kristine Newman, Maureen Dobbins, Jennifer Yost, Donna Ciliska
OBJECTIVES: Given the many different types of professionals working in public health and their diverse roles, it is likely that their information needs, information-seeking behaviors, and problem-solving abilities differ. Although public health professionals often work in interdisciplinary teams, few studies have explored their information needs and behaviors within the context of teamwork. This study explored the relationship between Canadian public health professionals' perceptions of their problem-solving abilities and their information-seeking behaviors with a specific focus on the use of evidence in practice settings...
December 7, 2016: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926681/influence-of-immediate-and-delayed-lower-limb-amputation-compared-with-lower-limb-salvage-on-functional-and-mental-health-outcomes-post-rehabilitation-in-the-u-k-military
#14
Peter Ladlow, Rhodri Phillip, Russell Coppack, John Etherington, James Bilzon, M Polly McGuigan, Alexander N Bennett
BACKGROUND: Medical practitioners face difficult decisions over whether to amputate or to salvage a lower limb that has undergone trauma. To our knowledge, there has been little evidence reporting the impact of different surgical decisions on functional and mental health outcomes following intensive rehabilitation that might inform decision-making. METHODS: This study is a retrospective, independent-group comparison of rehabilitation outcomes from a U.K. military complex trauma rehabilitation center...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925785/accelerating-scientific-advancement-for-pediatric-rare-lung-disease-research-report-from-a-national-institutes-of-health-nhlbi-workshop-september-3-and-4-2015
#15
Lisa R Young, Bruce C Trapnell, Kenneth D Mandl, Daniel T Swarr, Jennifer A Wambach, Carol J Blaisdell
Pediatric rare lung disease (PRLD) is a term that refers to a heterogeneous group of rare disorders in children. In recent years, this field has experienced significant progress marked by scientific discoveries, multicenter and interdisciplinary collaborations, and efforts of patient advocates. Although genetic mechanisms underlie many PRLDs, pathogenesis remains uncertain for many of these disorders. Furthermore, epidemiology and natural history are insufficiently defined, and therapies are limited. To develop strategies to accelerate scientific advancement for PRLD research, the NHLBI of the National Institutes of Health convened a strategic planning workshop on September 3 and 4, 2015...
December 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925422/preventing-hospital-acquired-venous-thromboembolism-improving-patient-safety-with-interdisciplinary-teamwork-quality-improvement-analytics-and-data-transparency
#16
REVIEW
Anneliese M Schleyer, Ellen Robinson, Roxana Dumitru, Mark Taylor, Kimberly Hayes, Ronald Pergamit, Daphne M Beingessner, Mark C Zaros, Joseph Cuschieri
BACKGROUND: Hospital-acquired venous thromboembolism (HA-VTE) is a potentially preventable cause of morbidity and mortality. Despite high rates of venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis in accordance with an institutional guideline, VTE remains the most common hospital-acquired condition in our institution. OBJECTIVE: To improve the safety of all hospitalized patients, examine current VTE prevention practices, identify opportunities for improvement, and decrease rates of HA-VTE...
December 2016: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925088/interdisciplinary-care-praxis-in-groups-of-people-living-with-fibromyalgia
#17
Nathália Aparecida Costa Guedes Miranda, Lina Márcia Miguéis Berardinelli, Vera Maria Sabóia, Irma da Silva Brito, Rosângela da Silva Santos
Objectives: to analyze the integrated community therapy model for the empowerment of people living with fibromyalgia and discuss the impact of this interdisciplinary intervention in the health-disease process and self-care. Method: a participatory-approach qualitative study, developed in 2015 with 11 participants at the Laboratory of Physiology Applied to Physical Education of the Rio de Janeiro State University, RJ. Data production comprised World Café, participant observation and semi-structured interview...
November 2016: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922462/fostering-evidence-based-quality-improvement-for-patient-centered-medical-homes-initiating-local-quality-councils-to-transform-primary-care
#18
Susan E Stockdale, Jessica Zuchowski, Lisa V Rubenstein, Negar Sapir, Elizabeth M Yano, Lisa Altman, Jacqueline J Fickel, Skye McDougall, Timothy Dresselhaus, Alison B Hamilton
BACKGROUND: Although the patient-centered medical home endorses quality improvement principles, methods for supporting ongoing, systematic primary care quality improvement have not been evaluated. We introduced primary care quality councils at six Veterans Health Administration sites as an organizational intervention with three key design elements: (a) fostering interdisciplinary quality improvement leadership, (b) establishing a structured quality improvement process, and (c) facilitating organizationally aligned frontline quality improvement innovation...
December 3, 2016: Health Care Management Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921198/-metabolic-surgery-or-conservative-measures-as-therapy-of-obese-type%C3%A2-2%C3%A2-diabetics
#19
REVIEW
Udo Jahn, Thomas Schubert, Sibylle Schlepp, Heinz Jürgen Deuber
After bariatric surgery there are some favourable effects on comorbidities of obesity as glucose and lipid metabolism besides weight loss. Therefore surgical measures targeting at improvement of such metabolic disorders especially diabetes type 2 has been called "metabolic surgery". The complexity of its underlying metabolic mechanisms is not yet clear, but restriction of energy and weight loss (maintenance) seem to be the cornerstones.Risks of these procedures which are drawn of the established methods of bariatric surgery are reported to be relatively low in qualified centers...
December 5, 2016: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921128/-total-knee-arthroplasty-in-the-elderly
#20
M Weber, F Völlner, A Benditz, T Schwarz, M Wörner, B Craiovan, T Renkawitz, J Grifka
BACKGROUND: The number of total knee arthroplasties in elderly patients is increasing in accordance with the demographic shift in the population. OBJECTIVE: Analysis of the special situation in the elderly, conservative treatment options, perioperative risk factors, preoperative preparation, special intraoperative features and outcome. METHODS: Analysis of currently available scientific data and presentation of own scientific study results...
December 5, 2016: Der Orthopäde
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