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Magnetic resonance alzheimer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911306/cortical-thickness-and-microstructural-white-matter-changes-detect-amnestic-mild-cognitive-impairment
#1
Zan Wang, Zhengjia Dai, Hao Shu, Duan Liu, Qihao Guo, Yong He, Zhijun Zhang
Both the apolipoprotein E (APOE) ɛ4 allele and amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) are considered to be risk factors for Alzheimer's disease (AD). The primary aim of this study was to determine whether the aMCI-related abnormality in gray matter (GM) cortical thickness and white matter (WM) tracts integrity would be modified by the APOE genotype. A total of 146 older adults, including 64 aMCI patients (28 ɛ4 carriers and 36 non-carriers) and 82 healthy controls (39 ɛ4 carriers and 43 non-carriers), underwent a standardized clinical interview, neuropsychological battery assessment, and multi-modal brain magnetic resonance imaging scans...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911301/tau-platelets-correlate-with-regional-brain%C3%A2-atrophy-in-patients-with-alzheimer-s%C3%A2-disease
#2
Andrea Slachevsky, Leonardo Guzmán-Martínez, Carolina Delgado, Pablo Reyes, Gonzalo A Farías, Carlos Muñoz-Neira, Eduardo Bravo, Mauricio Farías, Patricia Flores, Cristian Garrido, James T Becker, Oscar L López, Ricardo B Maccioni
BACKGROUND: Intracellular neurofibrillary tangles are part of the core pathology of Alzheimer's disease (AD), which are mainly composed of hyperphosphorylated tau protein. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to determine whether high molecular weight (HMW) or low molecular weight (LMW) tau protein levels, as well as the ratio HMW/LMW, present in platelets correlates with brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) structural changes in normal and cognitively impaired subjects...
November 26, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911297/sample-size-estimation-for-alzheimer-s-disease-trials-from-japanese-adni-serial-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#3
Motonobu Fujishima, Atsushi Kawaguchi, Norihide Maikusa, Ryozo Kuwano, Takeshi Iwatsubo, Hiroshi Matsuda
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the sample sizes required for clinical trials of Alzheimer's disease (AD)-modifying treatments using atrophy measures from serial brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the Japanese population. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of the present study was to estimate how large a sample size would be needed for future clinical trials for AD-modifying treatments in Japan using atrophy measures of the brain as a surrogate biomarker...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911291/a-metal-free-method-for-producing-mri-contrast-at-amyloid-%C3%AE
#4
Silvia Hilt, Tang Tang, Jeffrey H Walton, Madhu Budamagunta, Izumi Maezawa, Tamás Kálai, Kálmán Hideg, Vikrant Singh, Heike Wulff, Qizhi Gong, Lee-Way Jin, Angelique Louie, John C Voss
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by depositions of the amyloid-β (Aβ) peptide in the brain. The disease process develops over decades, with substantial neurological loss occurring before a clinical diagnosis of dementia can be rendered. It is therefore imperative to develop methods that permit early detection and monitoring of disease progression. In addition, the multifactorial pathogenesis of AD has identified several potential avenues for AD intervention. Thus, evaluation of therapeutic candidates over lengthy trial periods also demands a practical, noninvasive method for measuring Aβ in the brain...
November 26, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908711/cerebral-blood-flow-measured-by-arterial-spin-labeling-mri-at-resting-state-in-normal-aging-and-alzheimer-s-disease
#5
REVIEW
Nan Zhang, Marc L Gordon, Terry E Goldberg
Arterial spin labeling (ASL) magnetic resonance imaging uses arterial blood water as an endogenous tracer to measure cerebral blood flow (CBF). In this review, based on ASL studies in the resting state, we discuss state-of-the-art technical and data processing improvements in ASL, and ASL CBF changes in normal aging, mild cognitive impairment (MCI), Alzheimer's disease (AD), and other types of dementia. We propose that vascular and AD risk factors should be considered when evaluating CBF changes in aging, and that other validated biomarkers should be used as inclusion criteria or covariates when evaluating CBF changes in MCI and AD...
November 28, 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908163/learning-based-3t-brain-mri-segmentation-with-guidance-from-7t-mri-labeling
#6
Minghui Deng, Renping Yu, Li Wang, Feng Shi, Pew-Thian Yap, Dinggang Shen
PURPOSE: Segmentation of brain magnetic resonance (MR) images into white matter (WM), gray matter (GM), and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is crucial for brain structural measurement and disease diagnosis. Learning-based segmentation methods depend largely on the availability of good training ground truth. However, the commonly used 3T MR images are of insufficient image quality and often exhibit poor intensity contrast between WM, GM, and CSF. Therefore, they are not ideal for providing good ground truth label data for training learning-based methods...
December 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903329/prediction-of-free-and-cued-selective-reminding-test-performance-using-volumetric-and-amyloid-based-biomarkers-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#7
Lisa Quenon, Laurence Dricot, John L Woodard, Bernard Hanseeuw, Nathalie Gilis, Renaud Lhommel, Adrian Ivanoiu
OBJECTIVES: Relatively few studies have investigated relationships between performance on clinical memory measures and indexes of underlying neuropathology related to Alzheimer's disease (AD). This study investigated predictive relationships between Free and Cued Selective Reminding Test (FCSRT) cue efficiency (CE) and free-recall (FR) measures and brain amyloid levels, hippocampal volume (HV), and regional cortical thickness. METHODS: Thirty-one older controls without memory complaints and 60 patients presenting memory complaints underwent the FCSRT, amyloid imaging using [F18]-flutemetamol positron emission tomography, and surface-based morphometry (SBM) using brain magnetic resonance imaging...
November 2016: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886012/histogram-based-feature-extraction-from-individual-gray-matter-similarity-matrix-for-alzheimer-s-disease-classification
#8
Iman Beheshti, Norihide Maikusa, Hiroshi Matsuda, Hasan Demirel, Gholamreza Anbarjafari
Automatic computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) systems have been widely used in classification of patients who suffer from Alzheimer's disease (AD). This paper presents an automatic CAD system based on histogram feature extraction from single-subject gray matter similarity-matrix for classifying the AD patients from healthy controls (HC) using structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data. The proposed CAD system is composed of five stages. In the first stage, segmentation is employed to perform pre-processing on the MRI images, and segment into gray matter, white matter, and cerebrospinal fluid using the voxel-based morphometric toolbox procedure...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875002/superparamagnetic-nanoparticle-enhanced-mri-of-alzheimer-s-disease-plaques-and-activated-microglia-in-3x-transgenic-mouse-brains-contrast-optimization
#9
Marissa A Tafoya, Saaussan Madi, Laurel O Sillerud
PURPOSE: To optimize magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of antibody-conjugated superparamagnetic nanoparticles for detecting amyloid-β plaques and activated microglia in a 3X transgenic mouse model of Alzheimer's disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten 3X Tg mice were fed either chow or chow containing 100 ppm resveratrol. Four brains, selected from animals injected with either anti-amyloid targeted superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles, or anti-Iba-1-conjugated FePt-nanoparticles, were excised, fixed with formalin, and placed in Fomblin for ex vivo MRI (11...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873148/local-texture-descriptors-for-the-assessment-of-differences-in-diffusion-magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-the-brain
#10
Felix Sebastian Leo Thomsen, Claudio Augusto Delrieux, Rodrigo de Luis-García
PURPOSE: Descriptors extracted from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain can be employed to locate and characterize a wide range of pathologies. Scalar measures are typically derived within a single-voxel unit, but neighborhood-based texture measures can also be applied. In this work, we propose a new set of descriptors to compute local texture characteristics from scalar measures of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), such as mean and radial diffusivity, and fractional anisotropy...
November 21, 2016: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866203/frontal-assessment-battery-as-a-useful-tool-to-differentiate-mild-cognitive-impairment-due-to-subcortical-ischemic-vascular-disease-from-alzheimer-disease
#11
Yen-Hsuan Hsu, Ching-Feng Huang, Chung-Ping Lo, Tzu-Lan Wang, Chi-Cheng Yang, Min-Chien Tu
BACKGROUND: Prominent executive dysfunction can differentiate vascular dementia from Alzheimer disease (AD). However, it is unclear whether the Frontal Assessment Battery (FAB) screening tool can differentiate subcortical ischemic vascular disease (SIVD) from AD at the pre-dementia stage. In addition, the neural correlates of FAB performance have yet to be clarified. METHODS: Patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) due to SIVD (MCI-V), MCI due to AD (MCI-A), and demographically matched controls completed the Mini-Mental State Examination, Taiwanese FAB (TFAB), Category Fluency, and Chinese Version of the Verbal Learning Test, and underwent magnetic resonance imaging...
2016: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864083/robust-skull-stripping-using-multiple-mr-image-contrasts-insensitive-to-pathology
#12
Snehashis Roy, John A Butman, Dzung L Pham
Automatic skull-stripping or brain extraction of magnetic resonance (MR) images is often a fundamental step in many neuroimage processing pipelines. The accuracy of subsequent image processing relies on the accuracy of the skull-stripping. Although many automated stripping methods have been proposed in the past, it is still an active area of research particularly in the context of brain pathology. Most stripping methods are validated on T1-w MR images of normal brains, especially because high resolution T1-w sequences are widely acquired and ground truth manual brain mask segmentations are publicly available for normal brains...
November 15, 2016: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864081/genetic-and-environmental-influences-on-cortical-mean-diffusivity
#13
Jeremy A Elman, Matthew S Panizzon, Donald J Hagler, Christine Fennema-Notestine, Lisa T Eyler, Nathan A Gillespie, Michael C Neale, Michael J Lyons, Carol E Franz, Linda K McEvoy, Anders M Dale, William S Kremen
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has become an important tool in the early detection of age-related and neuropathological brain changes. Recent studies suggest that changes in mean diffusivity (MD) of cortical gray matter derived from diffusion MRI scans may be useful in detecting early effects of Alzheimer's disease (AD), and that these changes may be detected earlier than alterations associated with standard structural MRI measures such as cortical thickness. Thus, due to its potential clinical relevance, we examined the genetic and environmental influences on cortical MD in middle-aged men to provide support for the biological relevance of this measure and to guide future gene association studies...
November 15, 2016: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844089/-biomarkers-for-dementia-and-other-neurodegenerative-diseases-current-developments
#14
J Wiltfang, P Lewczuk, M Otto
Cerebrospinal fluid-based neurochemical dementia diagnostics (CSF-NDD) support the early and differential diagnosis of dementia, most importantly the diagnosis of early or preclinical Alzheimer's dementia (AD). Meanwhile CSF-NDD are now recommended for improved exclusion and positive diagnostics of AD by the German national neuropsychiatry S3 dementia guidelines ( www.DGPPN.de ). Meta-analyses of independent international multicenter studies have shown that a combined CSF analysis of amyloid-beta 1-42 (Aβ 1-42, decreased), total tau proteins (increased) and phospho-tau proteins (increased) offers a sensitivity and specificity of 80-90 % for the early and differential diagnosis of AD (AD versus all other)...
November 14, 2016: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836336/medial-temporal-lobe-subregional-morphometry-using-high-resolution-mri-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#15
David A Wolk, Sandhitsu R Das, Susanne G Mueller, Michael W Weiner, Paul A Yushkevich
Autopsy studies of Alzheimer's disease (AD) have found that neurofibrillary tangle (NFT) pathology of the medial temporal lobe (MTL) demonstrates selective topography with relatively stereotyped subregional involvement at early disease stages, prompting interest in more granular measurement of these structures with in vivo magnetic resonance imaging. We applied a novel, automated method for measurement of hippocampal subfields and extrahippocampal MTL cortical regions. The cohort included cognitively normal (CN) adults (n = 86), early mild cognitive impairment (n = 43), late MCI (n = 22), and mild AD (n = 40) patients from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI)...
September 30, 2016: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833399/structural-mr-imaging-in-the-diagnosis-of-alzheimer-s-disease-and-other-neurodegenerative-dementia-current-imaging-approach-and-future-perspectives
#16
REVIEW
Mina Park, Won-Jin Moon
With the rise of aging population, clinical concern and research attention has shifted towards neuroimaging of dementia. The advent of 3T, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has permitted the anatomical imaging of neurodegenerative disease, specifically dementia, with improved resolution. Furthermore, more powerful techniques such as diffusion tensor imaging, quantitative susceptibility mapping, and magnetic transfer imaging have successfully emerged for the detection of micro-structural abnormalities. In the present review article, we provide a brief overview of Alzheimer's disease and explore recent neuroimaging developments in the field of dementia with an emphasis on structural MR imaging in order to propose a simple and easily applicable systematic approach to the imaging diagnosis of dementia...
November 2016: Korean Journal of Radiology: Official Journal of the Korean Radiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830169/freesurfer-subcortical-normative-data
#17
Olivier Potvin, Abderazzak Mouiha, Louis Dieumegarde, Simon Duchesne
This article contains a spreadsheet computing estimates of the expected subcortical regional volumes of an individual based on its characteristics and the scanner characteristics, in addition to supplementary results related to the article "Normative data for subcortical regional volumes over the lifetime of the adult human brain" (O. Potvin, A. Mouiha, L. Dieumegarde, S. Duchesne, 2016) [1] on normative data for subcortical volumes. Data used to produce normative values was obtained by anatomical magnetic resonance imaging from 2790 healthy individuals aged 18-94 years using 23 samples provided by 21 independent research groups...
December 2016: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818843/is-there-an-association-of-physical-activity-with-brain-volume-behavior-and-day-to-day-functioning-a-cross-sectional-design-in-prodromal-and-early-huntington-disease
#18
McKenzie Wallace, Nancy Downing, Spencer Lourens, James Mills, Ji-In Kim, Jeffrey Long, Jane Paulsen, Predict-Hd Investigators And Coordinators Of The Huntington Study Group
BACKGROUND: Huntington disease (HD) is a genetic neurodegenerative disease leading to progressive motor, cognitive, and behavioral decline. Subtle changes in these domains are detectable up to 15 years before a definitive motor diagnosis is made. This period, called prodromal HD, provides an opportunity to examine lifestyle behaviors that may impact disease progression. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK: Physical activity relates to decreased rates of brain atrophy and improved cognitive and day-to-day functioning in Alzheimer disease and healthy aging populations...
March 17, 2016: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818357/the-role-of-neuropathological-markers-in-the-interpretation-of-neuropsychiatric-disorders-focus-on-fetal-and-perinatal-programming
#19
REVIEW
Fanni Daniela, Gerosa Clara, Rais Monica, Ravarino Alberto, Van Eyken Peter, Fanos Vassilios, Faa Gavino
The study of neuropathological markers in patients affected by mental/psychiatric disorders is relevant for the comprehension of the pathogenesis and the correlation with the clinical symptomatology. The neuropathology of Alzheimer's disease (AD) recognizes intraneuronal and extracellular neurofibrillary formation responsible for neuronal degeneration. Immunohistochemical studies discovered many interesting results for a better interpretation of the AD pathogenesis, while the "metal hypothesis" supports that metal ions might differentially influence the formation of amyloid aggregates...
November 3, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806705/neuroimaging-in-vascular-cognitive-impairment-a-state-of-the-art-review
#20
REVIEW
Wolf-Dieter Heiss, Gary A Rosenberg, Alexander Thiel, Rok Berlot, Jacques de Reuck
Imaging is critical in the diagnosis and treatment of dementia, particularly in vascular cognitive impairment, due to the visualization of ischemic and hemorrhagic injury of gray and white matter. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography (PET) provide structural and functional information. Clinical MRI is both generally available and versatile - T2-weighted images show infarcts, FLAIR shows white matter changes and lacunar infarcts, and susceptibility-weighted images reveal microbleeds...
November 3, 2016: BMC Medicine
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