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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213317/developing-and-assessing-the-acceptability-of-an-epilepsy-first-aid-training-intervention-for-patients-who-visit-uk-emergency-departments-a-multi-method-study-of-patients-and-professionals
#1
Darlene A Snape, Myfanwy Morgan, Leone Ridsdale, Steve Goodacre, Anthony G Marson, Adam J Noble
Epilepsy affects around 1% of the UK population; 40% of whom experience two or more seizures annually. However, most Emergency Department (ED) visits by people with epilepsy (PWE) are clinically unnecessary. Evidence highlights that with correct training, seizures can be safely managed by patients and their families within the community. Arguably therefore, PWE who frequently visit the ED might benefit from a self-management intervention that improves their own and their families' confidence and ability in managing seizures...
February 14, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212519/early-calibration-of-the-hpa-axis-by-maternal-psychopathology
#2
Heidemarie Laurent
Given the central role of stress-responsive neurophysiology in mental and physical health, it is important to understand how particular patterns of stress responsivity may become entrained by the early caregiving environment. In this study we investigated links between maternal depression and anxiety symptom profiles and within-infant development of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis responses from 6 to 18 months of life. Associations with infant cognitive and social-emotional development were also tested to gauge the adjustment implications of HPA response trajectories...
February 1, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212279/do-mothers-benefit-from-a-child-focused-cognitive-behavioral-treatment-cbt-for-childhood-functional-abdominal-pain-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#3
Claudia Calvano, Martina Groß, Petra Warschburger
While the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral treatment (CBT) approaches for childhood functional abdominal pain (FAP) is well-established for child outcomes, only a few studies have reported on parent-specific outcomes. This randomized controlled pilot trial analyzed effects of a group CBT on maternal variables (i.e., pain-related behavior, worries and self-efficacy, as well as general psychosocial strain). Methods: The sample constituted of 15 mothers in the intervention group (IG) and 14 mothers in the waitlist control group (WLC)...
February 15, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211981/first-report-of-factors-associated-with-satisfaction-in-patients-with-neurofibromatosis
#4
Eric Riklin, Mojtaba Talaei-Kheoi, Vanessa L Merker, Monica R Sheridan, Justin T Jordan, Scott R Plotkin, Ana-Maria Vranceanu
Patient satisfaction is an integral part of quality health care. We assessed whether health literacy and psychosocial factors are associated with patient satisfaction among adults with neurofibromatosis. Eighty adults (mean age = 44 years; 55% female, 87% white) with NF (50% NF1, 41% NF2, and 9% schwannomatosis) completed an adapted Functional, Communicative, and Critical Health Literacy Questionnaire (FCCHL), the Health Literacy Assessment, a series of Patient Reported Outcome Measures Information System (PROMIS) psychosocial tests, and demographics before the medical visit...
March 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211618/a-comparison-between-lynch-syndrome-and-sporadic-colorectal-cancer-survivors-satisfaction-with-their-healthcare-providers
#5
Allison M Burton-Chase, Wendy M Parker, Katrina M Polivka, Ellen R Gritz, Christopher I Amos, Karen H Lu, Patrick M Lynch, Miguel A Rodriguez-Bigas, Y Nancy You, Susan K Peterson
This study evaluated provider satisfaction in a sample of colorectal cancer (CRC) survivors with and without Lynch syndrome (LS). Participants were case-case-matched CRC survivors with (n = 75) or without (n = 75) LS (mean age of 55; range: 27-93). Participants completed a mailed questionnaire assessing demographics, clinical characteristics, healthcare utilization, psychosocial variables, and provider satisfaction. LS CRC survivors reported lower provider satisfaction scores on three subscales of the Primary Care Assessment Survey: communication (78...
February 17, 2017: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210647/association-of-quadriceps-strength-and-psychosocial-factors-with-single-leg-hop-performance-in-patients-with-meniscectomy
#6
Chao-Jung Hsu, Steven Z George, Terese L Chmielewski
BACKGROUND: Clinicians use the single-leg hop test to assess readiness for return to sports after knee injury. Few studies have reported the results of single-leg hop testing after meniscectomy. Additionally, the contributions of impairments in quadriceps strength and psychosocial factors to single-leg hop performance are unknown. PURPOSE: To compare single-leg hop performance (distance and landing mechanics) between limbs and to examine the association of single-leg hop performance with quadriceps strength and psychosocial factors in patients with meniscectomy...
December 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209591/psychosocial-therapies-for-the-adjunctive-treatment-of-bipolar-disorder-in-adults-network-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Mary Lou Chatterton, Emily Stockings, Michael Berk, Jan J Barendregt, Rob Carter, Cathrine Mihalopoulos
BackgroundFew trials have compared psychosocial therapies for people with bipolar affective disorder, and conventional meta-analyses provided limited comparisons between therapies.AimsTo combine evidence for the efficacy of psychosocial interventions used as adjunctive treatment of bipolar disorder in adults, using network meta-analysis (NMA).MethodSystematic review identified studies and NMA was used to pool data on relapse to mania or depression, medication adherence, and symptom scales for mania, depression and Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF)...
February 16, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207724/psychosocial-enhancement-of-the-green-prescription-for-obesity-recovery-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Doug Sellman, Ria Schroder, Daryle Deering, Jane Elmslie, James Foulds, Chris Frampton
AIMS: Kia Ākina is a low-cost obesity recovery network providing ongoing addiction-orientated psychosocial support. This study explored the impact of Kia Ākina when added to the Green Prescription, a key government-funded health promotion programme in New Zealand. METHODS: A randomised controlled trial (ACTRN12613001160729) involving 108 participants recruited from primary care compared Green Prescription plus Kia Ākina (KA/GRx) with Green Prescription alone (GRx) over 12 months...
February 17, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205146/binge-drinking-current-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-issues
#9
Benjamin Rolland, Mickaël Naassila
The concept of binge drinking (BD) refers to patterns of heavy episodic alcohol consumption, with BD primarily occurring among adolescents and young adults. Several official definitions of BD have been proposed, in particular by the World Health Organization, the National Institute on Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse, and the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Nevertheless, none of these definitions address the psychosocial and medical consequences of the type of alcohol use seen in BD. In practice, BD can thus correspond to either hazardous or harmful use of alcohol (HUA), while the episodic nature of heavy drinking in BD means that it does not meet the criteria for 'alcohol dependence'...
February 15, 2017: CNS Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203083/sexual-dimorphism-in-parkinson-s-disease-differences-in-clinical-manifestations-quality-of-life-and-psychosocial-functioning-between-males-and-females
#10
Farzaneh Farhadi, Kia Vosoughi, Gholam Ali Shahidi, Ahmad Delbari, Johan Lökk, Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad
INTRODUCTION: Sex-related differences in clinical manifestations and consequences of Parkinson's disease (PD) have been poorly explored. Better understanding of sexual dimorphism in neurologic diseases such as PD has been announced as a research priority. The aim of our study was to determine independent sex differences in clinical manifestations and subtypes, psychosocial functioning, quality of life (QoL) and its domains between male and female individuals with PD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A comprehensive list of demographics, motor symptoms and subtypes, nonmotor features, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), psychosocial functioning and general aspects of daily life was assessed in 157 individuals (108 males and 49 females) with idiopathic PD...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202740/health-equity-considerations-for-developing-and-reporting-patient-reported-outcomes-in-clinical-trials-a-report-from-the-omeract-equity-special-interest-group
#11
Jennifer Petkovic, Jennifer L Barton, Caroline Flurey, Niti Goel, Christie M Bartels, Cheryl Barnabe, Maarten P T de Wit, Anne Lyddiatt, Diane Lacaille, Vivian Welch, Annelies Boonen, Beverley Shea, Robin Christensen, Lara J Maxwell, Willemina Campbell, Janet Jull, Karine Toupin-April, Jasvinder A Singh, Charles H Goldsmith, Antoine G Sreih, Christoph Pohl, Catherine Hofstetter, Dorcas E Beaton, Rachelle Buchbinder, Francis Guillemin, Peter S Tugwell
OBJECTIVE: Despite advances integrating patient-centered outcomes into rheumatologic studies, concerns remain regarding their representativeness across diverse patient groups and how this affects equity. The Outcome Measures in Rheumatology (OMERACT) Equity Working Group aims to determine whether and how to address equity issues within the core outcome sets of domains and instruments. METHODS: We surveyed current and previous OMERACT meeting attendees and members of the Campbell and Cochrane Equity Group regarding whether to address equity issues within the OMERACT Filter 2...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202043/reliability-and-validity-of-the-korean-version-of-the-coronary-revascularization-outcome-questionnaire
#12
Minju Kim, JiYeong Seo, Jin-Yong Hwang, Ki Soo Park
BACKGROUND: People with ischemic heart disease have increased drastically, and their health-related quality of life (HRQOL) has been increasingly important. The Coronary Revascularization Outcome Questionnaire (CROQ) is a widely used tool to assess the quality of life in patients with coronary artery disease. The purpose of this study was to rigorously examine the psychometric properties of the CROQ in patients who had undergone percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: The CROQ was translated into Korean...
February 15, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199069/adding-clinical-validity-to-the-statistical-power-of-large-scale-epidemiological-surveys-on-internet-addiction-in-adolescence-a-combined-approach-to-investigate-psychopathology-and-development-specific-personality-traits-associated-with-internet-addiction
#13
Kai W Müller, Michael Dreier, Eva Duven, Sebastian Giralt, Manfred E Beutel, Klaus Wölfling
OBJECTIVE: Research has indicated that internet addiction is associated with psychosocial maladjustment in adolescence. Many epidemiologic surveys are lacking representativeness, and knowledge on disorder-specific risk factors is scarce. One weakness of epidemiologic studies often regards their lack of generalizability to clinical reality. The aim of this study was to provide a detailed description of internet addiction among adolescents, focusing on its prevalence in a population-based context, psychopathological correlates, and predisposing factors...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199030/lessons-learned-from-the-science-of-caring-extending-the-reach-of-psychosocial-oncology-the-international-psycho-oncology-society-2016-sutherland-award-lecture
#14
Barry D Bultz
In medicine, referral to a medical oncology specialty is based on recent history, physical examination, pathology, surgery reports, imaging, blood work and the patient's vital signs. By contrast, referral to a psychosocial specialist has typically been based on the patients expressed request for psychosocial support or the health care team's observation of the patient's limited adjustment or poor coping with the diagnosis, treatment or end of life distress. These observations are usually based on clinical acumen not on metrics...
February 15, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198770/should-immediate-autologous-breast-reconstruction-be-considered-in-women-who-require-post-mastectomy-radiation-therapy-a-prospective-analysis-of-outcomes
#15
Jessica Billig, Reshma Jagsi, Ji Qi, Jennifer B Hamill, Hyungjin M Kim, Andrea L Pusic, Edward Buchel, Edwin G Wilkins, Adeyiza O Momoh
BACKGROUND: In women who require post-mastectomy radiation therapy, immediate autologous breast reconstruction is often discouraged. We aim to prospectively evaluate postoperative morbidity and satisfaction reported by women undergoing delayed or immediate autologous breast reconstruction in the setting of post-mastectomy radiation therapy. METHODS: Patients enrolled in the Mastectomy Reconstruction Outcomes Consortium Study, who received post-mastectomy radiotherapy and had immediate or delayed free abdominal-based autologous breast reconstruction were identified...
February 13, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198130/psychosocial-predictors-of-medication-adherence-in-pediatric-heart-and-lung-organ-transplantation
#16
Michael O Killian
Few studies have identified the psychosocial characteristics of those children and their families associated with future non-adherence to immunosuppressive medications following a heart or lung transplant. UNOS data and medical records information were used to test the association between patient and family psychosocial characteristics and medication adherence. Medication adherence outcomes were obtained using the physician assessments in the UNOS data and measured through patient-level standard deviation scores of immunosuppressive medication blood levels...
February 15, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196405/psychosocial-interventions-for-supporting-women-to-stop-smoking-in-pregnancy
#17
REVIEW
Catherine Chamberlain, Alison O'Mara-Eves, Jessie Porter, Tim Coleman, Susan M Perlen, James Thomas, Joanne E McKenzie
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking remains one of the few preventable factors associated with complications in pregnancy, and has serious long-term implications for women and babies. Smoking in pregnancy is decreasing in high-income countries, but is strongly associated with poverty and is increasing in low- to middle-income countries. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of smoking cessation interventions during pregnancy on smoking behaviour and perinatal health outcomes...
February 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196341/suppressing-the-endocrine-and-autonomic-stress-systems-does-not-impact-the-emotional-stress-experience-after-psychosocial-stress
#18
Nida Ali, Jonas P Nitschke, Cory Cooperman, Jens C Pruessner
Acute psychosocial stress activates the physiological and endocrine stress systems and increases the subjective emotional experience of stress. While considerable efforts have been made to link changes in the activity of the biological stress systems with changes in the subjective emotional experience of stress, results so far have been mixed, at best. To investigate this association in a study employing experimental manipulation, we pharmacologically suppressed both the autonomic and the endocrine stress responses, and investigated the effects of acute psychosocial stress on the emotional stress experience...
January 28, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196208/effect-of-radiotherapy-on-painful-bone-metastases-a-secondary-analysis-of-the-ncic-clinical-trials-group-symptom-control-trial-sc-23
#19
Rachel McDonald, Keyue Ding, Michael Brundage, Ralph M Meyer, Abdenour Nabid, Pierre Chabot, Genevieve Coulombe, Shahida Ahmed, Joda Kuk, A Rashid Dar, Aamer Mahmud, Alysa Fairchild, Carolyn F Wilson, Jackson S Y Wu, Kristopher Dennis, Carlo DeAngelis, Rebecca K S Wong, Liting Zhu, Stephanie Chan, Edward Chow
Importance: Many studies that found improved quality of life (QOL) after radiotherapy of bone metastases have small sample sizes and do not use specific questionnaires. How soon after radiotherapy one can expect an improvement in QOL is unknown. Objective: To investigate QOL at days 10 and 42 after radiotherapy with a bone metastases-specific QOL tool. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this secondary analysis of the NCIC Clinical Trials Group Symptom Control Trial SC...
February 9, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195672/predictors-of-satisfaction-and-quality-of-life-following-post-mastectomy-breast-reconstruction
#20
Hannah Matthews, Natalie Carroll, Derek Renshaw, Andrew Turner, Alan Park, Jo Skillman, Kate McCarthy, Elizabeth A Grunfeld
OBJECTIVE: Breast reconstruction is associated with multiple psychological benefits. However, few studies have identified clinical and psychological factors associated with improved satisfaction and quality of life. This study examined factors which predict satisfaction with breast appearance, outcome satisfaction and quality of life following post-mastectomy breast reconstruction. METHODS: Women who underwent post-mastectomy breast reconstruction between 2010 and 2016 received a postal questionnaire consisting of: The BREAST-Q Patient Reported Outcomes Instrument, The European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer QLQ-30 Questionnaire, The Patient and Observer Scar Assessment Scale and a series of Visual-Analogue Scales...
February 13, 2017: Psycho-oncology
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