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psychosocial assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792521/problematic-video-gaming-in-a-young-spanish-population-association-with-psychosocial-health
#1
Carlos Buiza-Aguado, Araceli Alonso-Canovas, Celia Conde-Mateos, Juan Jose Buiza-Navarrete, Douglas Gentile
Problematic video gaming (PVG) is a concern for psychologists attending children and adolescents. Uniform diagnostic criteria are lacking, and risk factors are poorly understood. Internet gaming disorder (IGD) was included in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), and scales derived from its diagnostic criteria may be helpful to assess PVG. A multicenter study was conducted in secondary schools using an IGD-derived scale (dichotomous Nine-Item Internet Gaming Disorder Scale [IGD-9]), analyzing PVG-related variables...
May 24, 2018: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792506/testing-the-validity-of-criminal-risk-assessment-tools-in-sexually-abusive-youth
#2
Steffen Barra, Cornelia Bessler, Markus A Landolt, Marcel Aebi
Although accurate risk appraisals are mandatory to provide effective treatment to juveniles who have sexually offended (JSOs), the current knowledge on the validity of risk assessment instruments for JSOs is inconclusive. We compared the predictive validities of the Juvenile Sex Offender Assessment Protocol II (J-SOAP II), the Estimate of Risk of Adolescent Sexual Offense Recidivism (ERASOR), and the Violence Risk Appraisal Guide-Revised (VRAG-R) scores concerning sexual, nonsexual-violent, and general criminal recidivism (based on both official and nonregistered reoffenses) in a consecutive sample of 597 male JSOs (Mage = 14...
May 24, 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791730/integration-of-parenting-and-nutrition-interventions-in-a-community-health-program-in-pakistan-an-implementation-evaluation
#3
Aisha K Yousafzai, Muneera A Rasheed, Saima Siyal
Policy and program implementers require evidence on whether integrated psychosocial stimulation and nutrition interventions can be effectively delivered at-scale, how, and at what cost? To address some of these issues, a comprehensive evaluation of implementation was designed for a trial in Pakistan that integrated psychosocial stimulation and nutrition interventions in a community health service. The first objective was to describe, analyze, and assess the quality and accuracy of the implementation of the interventions...
May 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791510/the-importance-of-manager-support-for-the-mental-health-and-well-being-of-ambulance-personnel
#4
Katherine Petrie, Aimée Gayed, Bridget T Bryan, Mark Deady, Ira Madan, Anita Savic, Zoe Wooldridge, Isabelle Counson, Rafael A Calvo, Nicholas Glozier, Samuel B Harvey
Interventions to enhance mental health and well-being within high risk industries such as the emergency services have typically focused on individual-level factors, though there is increasing interest in the role of organisational-level interventions. The aim of this study was to examine the importance of different aspects of manager support in determining the mental health of ambulance personnel. A cross-sectional survey was completed by ambulance personnel across two Australian states (N = 1,622). Demographics, manager support and mental health measures were assessed...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791230/assessing-anxiety-and-depression-in-cancer-patients
#5
Fiona Milligan, Fe Martinez, SohSoha Hassan Mohd Abdel Aal, Samah Abdelrehim Ahmed, Beverly Joby, Jean Sultan Matalam, Sujala Sukumaran Nair, Anthony De Leon Maxion, Safia Sayed, Soji Samson Melepeedikayil
BACKGROUND: empirical evidence suggests that anxiety and depression in cancer patients is underdiagnosed and subsequently this patient population receives little or no support or intervention to address their psychosocial needs. It is often difficult to distinguish between normal emotional distress experienced following a cancer diagnosis and anxiety and depression, which can have a significant impact on coping mechanisms and subsequent outcomes. AIM: a qualitative study using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) was undertaken in the National Centre for Cancer Care and Research in Qatar...
May 24, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789938/meta-analysis-of-physical-activity-and-effects-of-social-function-and-quality-of-life-on-the-physical-activity-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#6
Kazutaka Ohi, Yuzuru Kataoka, Takamitsu Shimada, Aki Kuwata, Hiroaki Okubo, Kohei Kimura, Toshiki Yasuyama, Takashi Uehara, Yasuhiro Kawasaki
Schizophrenia patients have increased mortality and morbidity, mainly due to premature cardiovascular disease resulting from decreased physical activity (PA). However, which PA intensity is impaired in the patients and how factors such as social function and quality of life (QoL) are related to decreased PA is unknown. To assess PA, social function and QoL, the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), Social Functioning Scale (SFS) and Schizophrenia Quality of Life Scale (SQLS), respectively, were used in 109 schizophrenia patients and 69 healthy subjects...
May 22, 2018: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789017/leveraging-routine-clinical-materials-and-mobile-technology-to-assess-cbt-fidelity-the-innovative-methods-to-assess-psychotherapy-practices-imapp-study
#7
Shannon Wiltsey Stirman, Luana Marques, Torrey A Creed, Cassidy A Gutner, Robert DeRubeis, Paul G Barnett, Eric Kuhn, Michael Suvak, Jason Owen, Dawne Vogt, Booil Jo, Sonja Schoenwald, Clara Johnson, Kera Mallard, Matthew Beristianos, Heidi La Bash
BACKGROUND: Identifying scalable strategies for assessing fidelity is a key challenge in implementation science. However, for psychosocial interventions, the existing, reliable ways to test treatment fidelity quality are often labor intensive, and less burdensome strategies may not reflect actual clinical practice. Cognitive behavioral therapies (CBTs) provide clinicians with a set of effective core elements to help treat a multitude of disorders, which, evidence suggests, need to be delivered with fidelity to maximize potential client impact...
May 22, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788453/myofascial-findings-and-psychopathological-factors-in-patients-with-chronic-pelvic-pain-syndrome
#8
Susanne G R Klotz, Gesche Ketels, Bernd Löwe, Christian A Brünahl
Objective: Chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS) is a common pain condition with psychosocial and somatic symptoms. Myofascial findings and psychiatric comorbidities are frequent. Therefore, the aim of the study was to analyze myofascial and psychosocial aspects. Furthermore, the study focuses on correlations between these aspects and gender differences in this topic. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Interdisciplinary outpatient clinic for patients with CPPS at the University Medical Centre Hamburg-Eppendorf, Germany...
May 19, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788323/development-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-inflammatory-bowel-disease-distress-scale-ibd-ds-a-new-tool-to-measure-disease-specific-distress
#9
Lesley Dibley, Wladyslawa Czuber-Dochan, Sue Woodward, Tiffany Wade, Paul Bassett, Jackie Sturt, Christine Norton
Background: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) imposes a heavy psychosocial burden, with many patients reporting anxiety, depression, and distress. In diseases such as diabetes, disease-specific distress is associated with concordance with treatments and disease control. IBD distress, distinct from anxiety and depression, is evident in people with IBD. We aimed to develop a questionnaire for assessing IBD-specific distress, validate this against a gold standard distress measure for diabetes, and demonstrate the difference between anxiety, depression, and distress...
May 18, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786702/color-stability-psychosocial-impact-and-effect-on-self-perception-of-esthetics-of-tooth-whitening-using-low-concentration-6-hydrogen-peroxide
#10
Pablo Angel, Cristian Bersezio, Juan Estay, Andrea Werner, Hector Retamal, Constanza Araya, Javier Martin, Eduardo Fernández
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the bleaching efficacy and impact on psychosocial and esthetics self-perception of a low-concentration (6%) hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) gel compared with a conventional (37.5%) H2O2 gel when used as an in-office treatment. METHOD AND MATERIALS: In total, 35 participants received two sessions of three 12-minute applications of treatment with 37.5% H2O2 on one side of the mouth and 6% H2O2 on the other. Color changes were measured objectively using total variation in color (ΔE) and subjectively using Vita Classical scale (ΔSGU)...
May 17, 2018: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785974/railway-noise-annoyance-on-the-railway-track-in-northwest-slovakia
#11
Alzbeta Pultznerova, Panulinova Eva, Daniela Kucharova, Lubica Argalasova
Introduction: This paper describes an assessment of noise caused by railway traffic in a large high-loaded railway track in Northwest Slovakia. Materials and Methods: The measurements of noise levels generated by trains passing through residential neighborhoods were taken. Noise maps were also calculated showing noise pollution generated by the train traffic. In addition, the annoyance level and sleep disturbance of residents affected by railway noise were evaluated by a validated questionnaire on a pilot sample of 107 respondents living near the important railway track...
May 2018: Noise & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785706/goal-striving-stress-is-associated-with-chronic-kidney-disease-among-participants-in-the-jackson-heart-study
#12
Loretta R Cain, LáShauntá Glover, Bessie Young, Mario Sims
OBJECTIVE: Research that assesses the relationship between psychosocial factors and chronic kidney disease (CKD) among African Americans (AAs) is limited. Using the Jackson Heart Study (JHS) cohort data, we investigated the association of goal-striving stress (GSS)-the stress experienced from not reaching goals-with prevalent CKD among AAs. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional analysis of JHS exam 1 data that assessed the relationship between GSS and CKD. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: We utilized a sample from the JHS (n = 4967), an AA sample of women and men, 35-84 years old from the Jackson, MS metro area...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785687/education-is-associated-with-the-magnitude-of-cortisol-responses-to-psychosocial-stress-in-college-students
#13
Andrew W Manigault, Alex Woody, Peggy M Zoccola, Sally S Dickerson
PURPOSE: Researchers benefit from controlling for individual differences that systematically account for variance in acute cortisol responses (e.g., sex). Similarly, some suggest that education could be used as a cortisol covariate because prior work found a negative relationship between education and the magnitude of acute cortisol responses in middle-aged adults. Nevertheless, education is seldom controlled for in tests of cortisol responses to acute stress, in part because the effect of education on acute cortisol responses has yet to be tested in a college sample...
May 21, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785679/drooling-in-parkinson-s-disease-evidence-of-a-role-for-divided-attention
#14
Hannah Reynolds, Nick Miller, Richard Walker
Drooling is a frequently reported symptom in Parkinson's Disease (PD) with significant psychosocial impact and negative health consequences including silent aspiration of saliva with the associated risk of respiratory infections. It is suggested that in PD drooling is associated with inefficient oropharyngeal swallowing which reduces the effective clearance of saliva rather than hyper-salivation. This is compounded by unintended mouth opening and flexed posture increasing anterior loss of saliva. It is reported to occur most frequently during cognitively distracting concurrent tasks suggesting an impact from divided attention in a dual-task situation...
May 21, 2018: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785134/the-impact-of-acne-and-facial-post-inflammatory-hyperpigmentation-on-quality-of-life-and-self-esteem-of-newly-admitted-nigerian-undergraduates
#15
Adeolu Oladayo Akinboro, Ogochukwu Ifeanyi Ezejiofor, Fatai Olatunde Olanrewaju, Mufutau Muphy Oripelaye, Olatunde Peter Olabode, Olugbenga Edward Ayodele, Emmanuel Olaniyi Onayemi
Background: Acne and facial post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation are relatively common clinical conditions among adolescents and young adults, and inflict psychosocial injuries on sufferers. Objective: To document the psychosocial and self-esteem implications of acne and facial hyperpigmentation on newly admitted undergraduates. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 200 undergraduates. Demographics and clinical characteristics were obtained and acne was graded using the US Food and Drug Administration 5-category global system of acne classification...
2018: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784895/bullying-among-tunisian-middle-school-students-the-prevalence-psychosocial-associated-factors-and-perceived-involvement-of-parents-teachers-and-classmates
#16
Jihene Sahli, Menel Mellouli, Meriam El Ghardallou, Manel Limam, Mouna Gallas, Asma Ammar, Ali Mtiraoui, Thouraya Nebli Ajmi, Chekib Zedini
BACKGROUND: Bullying is a serious public health concern remarkably common among youth. Involvement in bullying can lead to deleterious effect on the emotional well-being of pupils. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of bullying, its psychosocial associated factors and the perceived involvement of parents, teachers, and classmates to counteract this behavior. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: We conducted this study in 2015 among a representative multistage sample of 1584 students enrolled in middle schools in the Region of Sousse using the revised Olweus Bully/Victim Questionnaire...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784061/understanding-developmental-language-disorder-the-helsinki-longitudinal-sli-study-helsli-a-study-protocol
#17
Marja Laasonen, Sini Smolander, Pekka Lahti-Nuuttila, Miika Leminen, Hanna-Reetta Lajunen, Kati Heinonen, Anu-Katriina Pesonen, Todd M Bailey, Emmanuel M Pothos, Teija Kujala, Paavo H T Leppänen, Christopher W Bartlett, Ahmed Geneid, Leena Lauronen, Elisabet Service, Sari Kunnari, Eva Arkkila
BACKGROUND: Developmental language disorder (DLD, also called specific language impairment, SLI) is a common developmental disorder comprising the largest disability group in pre-school-aged children. Approximately 7% of the population is expected to have developmental language difficulties. However, the specific etiological factors leading to DLD are not yet known and even the typical linguistic features appear to vary by language. We present here a project that investigates DLD at multiple levels of analysis and aims to make the reliable prediction and early identification of the difficulties possible...
May 21, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783936/identifying-and-assessing-the-benefits-of-interventions-for-postnatal-depression-a-systematic-review-of-economic-evaluations
#18
Binu Gurung, Louise J Jackson, Mark Monahan, Ruth Butterworth, Tracy E Roberts
BACKGROUND: Economic evaluations of interventions for postnatal depression (PND) are essential to ensure optimal healthcare decision-making. Due to the wide-ranging effects of PND on the mother, baby and whole family, there is a need to include outcomes for all those affected and to include health and non-health outcomes for accurate estimates of cost-effectiveness. This study aimed to identify interventions to prevent or treat PND for which an economic evaluation had been conducted and to evaluate the health and non-health outcomes included...
May 21, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783065/participation-in-daily-life-influence-on-quality-of-life-in-ambulatory-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#19
Jaclyn Omura, Molly Fuentes, Kristie Bjornson
BACKGROUND: Cerebral palsy is a chronic condition which affects children and has an impact on social and physical activity, as well as participation in daily life. Participation and quality of life are two important measures of successful rehabilitation that have not been well studied in children with cerebral palsy. OBJECTIVE: To report levels of participation and examine the relationship of participation to quality of life (QOL) in ambulatory children with cerebral palsy (CP) DESIGN: Secondary analysis, cross-sectional cohort study SETTING: Regional pediatric specialty care center PARTICIPANTS: A cohort of 128 ambulatory children with CP, Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) levels I-III, age 2-9 years INTERVENTIONS: Not Applicable MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL); Assessment of Life Habits (LIFE-H); Children's Assessment of Participation and Enjoyment and Assessment of Preschool Children's Participation (CAPE/APCP)...
May 18, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782504/measurement-agreement-of-the-self-administered-questionnaire-of-the-belgian-health-interview-survey-paper-and-pencil-versus-web-based-mode
#20
Elise Braekman, Finaba Berete, Rana Charafeddine, Stefaan Demarest, Sabine Drieskens, Lydia Gisle, Geert Molenberghs, Jean Tafforeau, Johan Van der Heyden, Guido Van Hal
Before organizing mixed-mode data collection for the self-administered questionnaire of the Belgian Health Interview Survey, measurement effects between the paper-and-pencil and the web-based questionnaire were evaluated. A two-period cross-over study was organized with a sample of 149 employees of two Belgian research institutes (age range 22-62 years, 72% female). Measurement agreement was assessed for a diverse range of health indicators related to general health, mental and psychosocial health, health behaviors and prevention with kappa coefficients and intraclass correlation (ICC)...
2018: PloS One
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