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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329061/experimental-effects-of-acute-exercise-duration-and-exercise-recovery-on-mood-state
#1
Elizabeth A Crush, Emily Frith, Paul D Loprinzi
OBJECTIVE: Accumulating evidence suggests that, in addition to various psychosocial parameters, affective responses to exercise play an important role in subserving future exercise behavior. This study comprehensively evaluated whether acute exercise duration and recovery period influenced the relationship between moderate-intensity walking exercise and mood profile. METHOD: We employed a randomized controlled cross-over trial. Participants completed two laboratory visits, separated by one-week...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327519/psychiatric-co-morbidities-in-women-with-epilepsy
#2
Uma Sundar, Sonal Thakur Honrao, Nilesh Shah
Background: The co-existence of psychiatric co-morbidities with Epilepsy in women is multifactorial and complex, being closely related to hormonal status, medication side effects, and psychosocial factors. Aims: We aimed to study associated Psychiatric co-morbidities in women with Epilepsy (WWE), and correlate the same with seizure subtype and medication , compliance with treatment and seizure control. Material and Methods: This was a prospective, interview based study in OPD over 18 months, evaluating WWE over 13 years of age with at least 1 seizure in the last 1 year...
December 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327166/loneliness-in-psychosis-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Michelle H Lim, John F M Gleeson, Mario Alvarez-Jimenez, David L Penn
PURPOSE: The aim of the review is to understand the relationships between loneliness and related psychological and social factors in individuals with psychosis. Loneliness is poorly understood in people with psychosis. Given the myriad of social challenges facing individuals with psychosis, these findings can inform psychosocial interventions that specifically target loneliness in this vulnerable group. METHODS: We adhered to the PRISMA guidelines and systematically reviewed empirical studies that measured loneliness either as a main outcome or as an associated variable in individuals with psychosis...
January 11, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326196/young-adults-perspectives-on-living-with-kidney-failure-a-systematic-review-and-thematic-synthesis-of-qualitative-studies
#4
Phillippa K Bailey, Alexander J Hamilton, Rhian L Clissold, Carol D Inward, Fergus J Caskey, Yoav Ben-Shlomo, Amanda Owen-Smith
INTRODUCTION: Young adults fare worse than younger adolescents or older adults on a broad range of health indicators. Those with a chronic illness such as renal failure are a particularly vulnerable group, who experience poor outcomes compared with both children and older adults. Understanding how being in receipt of renal replacement therapy (RRT) affects the lives of young adults might help us to better prepare and support these individuals for and on RRT, and improve outcomes. This study aimed to synthesise research describing young adults' experiences of the psychosocial impact of kidney failure and RRT...
January 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325578/effects-of-a-peer-led-walking-in-schools-intervention-the-wish-study-on-physical-activity-levels-of-adolescent-girls-a-cluster-randomised-pilot-study
#5
Angela Carlin, Marie H Murphy, Alan Nevill, Alison M Gallagher
BACKGROUND: School-based interventions may be effective at increasing levels of physical activity (PA) among adolescents; however, there is a paucity of evidence on whether walking can be successfully promoted to increase PA in this age group. This pilot study aimed to assess the effects of a 12-week school-based peer-led brisk walking programme on levels of school-time PA post intervention. METHODS: Female participants, aged 11-13 years, were recruited from six post-primary schools in Northern Ireland...
January 11, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325385/-the-effect-of-surgical-methods-and-postoperative-eye-position-on-the-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-intermittent-exotropia
#6
C Q Yuan, H Zhu, J Y Zhu, L X Xiao, Q Zhang, H Liu
Objective: To evaluate the effects of different surgical methods and postoperative eye positions on the quality of life of children with intermittent exotropia (IXT) and their parents 3 months following strabismus surgery. Methods: Clinical observation. One-hundred and eighty children aged 2 to 17 years with IXT who received surgical treatment were recruited. One parent of each child was investigated by using 2 kinds of the Chinese version of the Intermittent Exotropia Questionnaires (CIXTQ) within 1 weeks before and at 3 months after surgery: the parent proxy scale (for parents to assess children's health related quality of life (HRQoL)) and the parent scale (containing functional, psychosocial and surgery subscales; for parents to assess their HRQoL)...
December 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324613/racial-disparities-in-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-and-psychosocial-stress
#7
William A Grobman, Corette B Parker, Marian Willinger, Deborah A Wing, Robert M Silver, Ronald J Wapner, Hyagriv N Simhan, Samuel Parry, Brian M Mercer, David M Haas, Alan M Peaceman, Shannon Hunter, Pathik Wadhwa, Michal A Elovitz, Tatiana Foroud, George Saade, Uma M Reddy
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationships between self-reported psychosocial stress and preterm birth, hypertensive disease of pregnancy, and small-for-gestational-age (SGA) birth and to assess the extent to which these relationships account for racial and ethnic disparities in these adverse outcomes. METHODS: Self-reported measures of psychosocial stress (perceived stress, depression, racism, anxiety, resilience, and social support) were collected during pregnancy among a racially and ethnically diverse cohort of women enrolled in a prospective observational study of nulliparous women with singleton pregnancies, from eight clinical sites across the United States, between October 2010 and May 2014...
January 9, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323832/influences-of-a-church-based-intervention-on-falls-risk-among-seniors
#8
Morgan Briggs, Jeffrey A Morzinski, Julie Ellis
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Prior studies illustrate that community-based programs effectively decrease falls risk in older adults and that faith-based programs improve health behaviors. The literature is unclear whether faith-based initiatives reduce seniors' fall risks. To tackle this gap, a long-term partnership led by 10 urban churches, a nearby nursing school, and a medical school developed a study with 3 objectives: determine baseline health concerns associated with falls (eg, depression, polypharmacy), implement a nurse-led, faith-based health education initiative for community-dwelling African American seniors at-risk of hospitalization, and assess pre- to post -program fall frequency...
August 2017: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323618/measuring-attitudes-towards-the-dying-process-a-systematic-review-of-tools
#9
Bernadette Groebe, Julia Strupp, Yvonne Eisenmann, Holger Schmidt, Anna Schlomann, Christian Rietz, Raymond Voltz
BACKGROUND: At the end of life, anxious attitudes concerning the dying process are common in patients in Palliative Care. Measurement tools can identify vulnerabilities, resources and the need for subsequent treatment to relieve suffering and support well-being. AIM: To systematically review available tools measuring attitudes towards dying, their operationalization, the method of measurement and the methodological quality including generalizability to different contexts...
January 1, 2018: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322893/long-term-self-esteem-assessment-after-height-increase-by-lengthening-and-then-nailing
#10
K Emara, M A Al Kersh, A K Emara
The purpose of the study is to assess the long term psychosocial functioning after height increase, using the external fixation then nailing method. Rosenberg Self-esteem scale and a questionnaire to assess social functioning were completed by 28 patients both preoperatively and at a mean follow-up of 7 years. The mean total score of RSE self-esteem for the 28 patients before lengthening was 21.5 (SD 1.03) (20-24). The mean total score of RSE for the patients 1 year after lengthening was 22 (SD 1.17) (20-24) with highly significant difference (p = 0...
March 2017: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322489/measurement-in-pediatric-epilepsy-self-management-a-critical-review
#11
REVIEW
Gigi Smith, Avani C Modi, Erica K Johnson, Ross Shegog, Joan K Austin, Janelle L Wagner
Given the paucity of information available regarding self-management, the aims of this paper are to synthesize the literature on factors associated with and measures to assess self-management in pediatric epilepsy. INCLUSION CRITERIA: youth birth to 18 years with a seizure disorder or an epilepsy diagnosis and/or their caregivers, published 1985-2014 in English, and conducted in countries with a very high human development index. The review was conducted in 6 phases: (1) identification of bibliographical search criteria and databases; (2) abstract assessment; (3) full article review; (4) organization of final citations into categories; (5) identification of predictors, potential mediators/moderators, and outcomes associated with self-management factors and categorization of factors as influences, processes, or behaviors across individual, family, community, and health care domains; and (6) critique of self-management instrument studies...
January 11, 2018: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321809/quality-of-life-delinquency-and-psychosocial-functioning-of-adolescents-in-secure-residential-care-testing-two-assumptions-of-the-good-lives-model
#12
C S Barendregt, A M Van der Laan, I L Bongers, Ch Van Nieuwenhuizen
Background: In this study, two assumptions derived from the Good Lives Model were examined: whether subjective Quality of Life is related to delinquent behaviour and psychosocial problems, and whether adolescents with adequate coping skills are less likely to commit delinquent behaviour or show psychosocial problems. Method: To this end, data of 95 adolescents with severe psychiatric problems who participated in a four-wave longitudinal study were examined. Subjective Quality of Life was assessed with the ten domains of the Lancashire Quality of Life Profile and coping skills with the Utrecht Coping List for Adolescents...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320672/position-statement-a-clinical-approach-to-the-management-of-adult-non-neurogenic-overactive-bladder
#13
Eric Chung, Dominic Lee, Johan Gani, Michael Gillman, Christopher Maher, Janelle Brennan, Lydia Johns Putra, Laura Ahmad, Lewis Lw Chan
Overactive bladder (OAB) is a highly prevalent medical condition that has an adverse impact on various health-related quality-of-life domains, including a significant psychosocial and financial burden. This position statement, formulated by members of the Urological Society of Australia and New Zealand and the UroGynaecological Society of Australasia, summarises the current recommendations for clinical diagnosis and treatment strategies in patients with non-neurogenic OAB, and guides clinicians in the decision-making process for managing the condition using evidence-based medicine...
January 15, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320340/lung-cancer-screening-uncertainty-among-patients-undergoing-ldct
#14
Daniel L Hall, Inga T Lennes, Alaina Carr, Justin R Eusebio, Gloria Y Yeh, Elyse R Park
OBJECTIVES: Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death, yet lung screening remains underutilized. Lung cancer screening uncertainty (LCSU), including referral clarity and the perceived accuracy of screening, may hinder utilization and represent an unmet psychosocial need. This study sought to identify correlates of LCSU among lung screening patients. METHODS: Current and former smokers (N = 169) completed questionnaires assessing LCSU, sociodemographic variables, objective and subjective numeracy, stress, and anxiety, as part of a cross-sectional study of lung screening patients at an academic hospital...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319619/history-of-marijuana-use-does-not-affect-outcomes-on-the-liver-transplant-waitlist
#15
Prashant Kotwani, Varun Saxena, Jennifer L Dodge, John Roberts, Francis Yao, Bilal Hameed
BACKGROUND: Data are limited on marijuana use and its impact on liver transplant (LT) waitlist outcomes. We aimed to assess the risk of waitlist mortality/delisting and likelihood of LT among prior marijuana users, and to determine the prevalence and factors associated with marijuana use. METHODS: Retrospective cohort of adults evaluated for LT over 2 years at a large LT center. Marijuana use defined by self-report in psychosocial assessment and/or positive urine toxicology...
January 10, 2018: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319367/development-and-validation-of-personality-disorder-spectra-scales-for-the-mmpi-2-rf
#16
Martin Sellbom, Mark H Waugh, Christopher J Hopwood
The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a set of MMPI-2-RF (Ben-Porath & Tellegen, 2008/2011) personality disorder (PD) spectra scales. These scales could serve the purpose of assisting with DSM-5 PD diagnosis and help link categorical and dimensional conceptions of personality pathology within the MMPI-2-RF. We developed and provided initial validity results for scales corresponding to the 10 PD constructs listed in the DSM-5 using data from student, community, clinical, and correctional samples...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319149/pr%C3%A3-valence-et-d%C3%A3-terminants-des-troubles-musculosquelettiques-des-membres-sup%C3%A3-rieurs-chez-les-artisans-tunisiens
#17
Amira Omrane, Imene Kacem, Meriem Heni, Adnene Henchi, Sana Elmhami, Irtyah Merchaoui, Awatef Kraiem, Taoufik Khalfallah, Lamia Bouzgarrou
Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) of the upper limbs are a major occupational health problem. We report the results of a cross-sectional survey of 334 craftsmen from the governorate of Monastir in Tunisia. The objectives of this study were to assess the prevalence of MSDs among these workers and determine their risk factors. A pre-established questionnaire based on the Nordic MSD questionnaires, Karassik and the one developed by Malchaire in 2000 was used. In the 12 months prior to the survey, the prevalence of MSDs was 92...
January 2, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318935/psychosocial-features-of-neurofibromatosis-type-1-in-children-and-adolescents
#18
Vincent Domon-Archambault, Louise Gagnon, Amélie Benoît, Sébastien Perreault
Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a common neurologic condition associated with a wide variety of developmental deficits that have an important impact on children and adolescents. OBJECTIVE: This article aims to document the psychosocial features of NF1 and to report the interventions described to address the needs of pediatric patients with NF1. METHODS: A literature review was conducted concerning the social life, mental health, and quality of life (QOL) of children and adolescents with NF1 as well as the psychosocial interventions addressed to this population...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318107/the-3600child-profile-a-reliable-and-valid-tool-to-visualize-integral-child-information
#19
Miriam Weijers, Frans J M Feron, Caroline H G Bastiaenen
A 3600Child-profile, with theoretically ordered, integral child-information visualized in one image, is designed by the Dutch preventive Child and Youth Health Care (CYHC). The introduction of this new data/information carrier gives an important incentive to enhance a transformation towards personalized health care for children and adolescents by supporting the complex medical thought process of CYHCmedical doctors (MD's). This information tool aims to effectively estimate child's functioning, detect emerging health problems and inform parents and caregivers...
March 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317846/psychosocial-predictors-of-posttreatment-pain-after-nonmetastatic-breast-cancer-treatment-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-prospective-studies
#20
REVIEW
M Johannsen, Y Frederiksen, A B Jensen, R Zachariae
Background: The search for risk factors of pain after breast cancer, which affects a considerable proportion of the women, has primarily focused on clinical factors. The aim of this meta-analysis was to explore the less well-studied psychosocial predictors of pain after breast cancer treatment. Methods: Two independent searches were conducted in PubMed, PsycINFO, Web of Science, and CINAHL. Eligible studies were prospective, observational studies of women aged ≥18 years, diagnosed and treated for nonmetastatic breast cancer ≥3 months previously...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
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