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Health comunication

Ramon Estruch, Miguel Angel Martínez-González, Dolores Corella, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Montserrat Fitó, Gemma Chiva-Blanch, Miquel Fiol, Enrique Gómez-Gracia, Fernando Arós, José Lapetra, Lluis Serra-Majem, Xavier Pintó, Pilar Buil-Cosiales, José V Sorlí, Miguel A Muñoz, Josep Basora-Gallisá, Rosa María Lamuela-Raventós, Mercè Serra-Mir, Emilio Ros
BACKGROUND: Because of the high density of fat, high-fat diets are perceived as likely to lead to increased bodyweight, hence health-care providers are reluctant to recommend them to overweight or obese individuals. We assessed the long-term effects of ad libitum, high-fat, high-vegetable-fat Mediterranean diets on bodyweight and waist circumference in older people at risk of cardiovascular disease, most of whom were overweight or obese. METHODS: PREDIMED was a 5 year parallel-group, multicentre, randomised, controlled clinical trial done in primary care centres affiliated to 11 hospitals in Spain...
August 2016: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
Anna Odone, Elisa Saccani, Valentina Chiesa, Antonio Brambilla, Ettore Brianti, Massimo Fabi, Clara Curcetti, Andrea Donatini, Antonio Balestrino, Marco Lombardi, Giuseppina Rossi, Elena Saccenti, Carlo Signorelli
BACKGROUND: The Comunity Health Centre (CHC) primary care model is a team-based health care delivery model intended to provide comprehensive and continuous medical care to patients within a defined community. The CHC, Case della Salute in Italian, model was introduced in the Emilia-Romagna Region in 2010. METHODS: We present updated data on the implementation on the CHC Case della Salute primary care model in the Emilia-Romagna Region. RESULTS: There are 67 operating CHCs in Emilia-Romagna (update March 2015); 26 small (39%), 24 medium (36%) and 17 large (25%)...
2016: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
Perla Bruno
The early twentieth century saw the rise of vacation camps for frail children as educational and health-giving experiences provided by medical and philanthropic organizations. This article analyzes some of these early experiences, seen here as the predecessors of social tourism, in the Province of Buenos Aires. A combination of written sources are examined, mainly institutional reports, periodicals such as the Monitor de la Educación Común - published by the Consejo Nacional de Educación (National Board of Education) - or laws, with photographs and plans for different examples...
December 2015: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
Oana Arghir, Gilda Popescu
Respiratory Infections Posters ISESSION TYPE: Original Investigation PosterPRESENTED ON: Wednesday, October 29, 2014 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PMPURPOSE: To assess the impact of Primary Multiple Drug Resistant (MDR) and Extensively Drug Resistant (XDR) Tuberculosis (TB) on epidemiological trend of TB in Romania from January 2010 to December 2013.METHODS: An epidemiological survey on the prevalence of primary anti-tuberculosis drug resistance was conducted on Pulmonary TB cases annually diagnosed in Romania, from January 2010 to December 2013...
October 1, 2014: Chest
Anne Aabom, Klaus Ejner Andersen, Elia Perez-Fernández, Teresa Caballero, Anette Bygum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2015: Acta Dermato-venereologica
Yaacov G Bachner, Norm O'Rourke, Sara Carmel
Previous research suggests that caregivers and terminally ill patients face substantial difficulties discussing illness and death. Existing research, however, has focused primarily on the experience of patients. The current study compared responses as well as the relative strength of association between mortality comunication, fear of death, and psychological distress (i.e., depressive symptomatology, emotional exhaustion) among secular and religiously observant family caregivers of terminally ill cancer patients...
February 2011: Death Studies
D F Schmitz, E Baker, A Nukui, T Epperly
CONTEXT: Community factors of varied importance help determine the success of achieving and maintaining a physician workforce. The purpose of this study was to develop an evaluation instrument (Community Apgar Questioinnaire) useful to rural Idaho communities' in their assessment of the assets and capabilities related to physician recruitment and retention. METHODS: A quantitative scoring interview instrument was developed based on a literature review, site visits and discussions with rural physicians and hospital administrators...
2011: Rural and Remote Health
Willem Aelvoet, Nathalie Terryn, Geert Molenberghs, Guy De Backer, Christiaan Vrints, Marc van Sprundel
BACKGROUND: In-hospital case-fatality rates in patients, admitted for acute myocardial infarction (AMI-CFRs), are internationally used as a quality indicator. Attempting to encourage the hospitals to assume responsibility, the Belgian Ministry of Health decided to stimulate initiatives of quality improvement by means of a limited set of indicators, among which AMI-CFR, to be routinely analyzed. In this study we aimed, by determining the existence of inter-hospital differences in AMI-CFR, (1) to evaluate to which extent Belgian discharge records allow the assessment of quality of care in the field of AMI, and (2) to identify starting points for quality improvement...
2010: BMC Health Services Research
Andrés Páez, Gloria Rey, Carlos Agudelo, Alvaro Dulce, Edgar Parra, Hernando Díaz-Granados, Damaris Heredia, Luis Polo
INTRODUCTION: An urban rabies outbreak occurred in the District of Santa Marta between April 2006 and January 2008, which resulted in the deaths of 4 humans and 28 dogs. OBJECTIVES: Three objectives were entertained-first, the diagnostic laboratory techniques were described as well as the rabies control actions taken; second, the impact of anti-rabies dog vaccination was assessed in terms of neutralizing antibody seroconversion; and third, the epidemiological significance and public health implications of the outbreak were examined...
September 2009: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
Nelina Ruiz-Fernández, Milagros Espinoza, Emilia Barrios, Aldo Reigosa
OBJECTIVE: Assessing the prevalence of cardiometabolic factors in residents from a community in the north of Valencia city, Venezuela, and establishing clustering patterns for the cardiometabolic alterations. METHODS: One hundred people aged 19 to 77 were studied. Weight, height, abdominal circumference, blood pressure, glucose, lipid profile and insulin were all measured. Insulin resistance was estimated by HOMA. RESULTS: The five most prevalent cardiometabolic factors were low HDLc (90 %), overweight/obesity (78 %), abdominal obesity (68 %), hypercholesterolemia (59 %) and insulin resistance (54,8 %)...
May 2009: Revista de Salud Pública
Irena Maniecka-Bryła, Aleksandra Maciak, Alina Kowalska, Marek Bryła
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking contributes to nearly 40 percent of premature deaths all over the world. In Poland, approximately 10 million people are addicted to smoking. Smoking prevalence depends on the socioeconomic status. The frequency of smoking is higher among people with low levels of education. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted among the participants of Cardiovascular Prophylactic Program. Patients with diagnosed cardiovascular system disorders or/and diabetes were excluded from the Programme...
2009: Medycyna Pracy
J M Negro Alvarez, F Molina Durán, L Pallarés Neila, E Aguinaga Ontoso, J M Sanz Gómez, F Guillen-Grima, J W Annan
Continuing medical education (CME) is a critical tool as well as a generally accepted concern for physicians, while being both a commitment and an obligation for the Administration. In Spain, during the past decades, CME has been a constant concern of many groups; however, it was not until the end of the eighties when efforts at accreditation began to emerge. A significant step was the establishment of the Commission on Continuing Education of Health Professions of the National Health System, an agency of the Consejo Interterritorial (Inter-regional Council), whose accreditation system started in 1998, using the figure of Sector Conference, included in Articles 5 and 8 of the Ley de Régimen Jurídico de las Administraciones Públicas y del Procedimiento Administrativo Común (Law on Legal Regime of Public Administration and Common Administrative Procedures), as Senior Technical Body on the matter...
September 2008: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
Michelle Gonet, Martine Lenoël
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2008: Revue de L'infirmière
I Lizzola
The construction site seems a place of fragmentation and of continuous resettings of operations and plannings, attentions particular and attention to the "final product", relations and deliveries, of interests and of cures. The construction site is prepared true in different spaces and times intermittent: space and times that define unknown contexts and new relations also in presence of operations (relatively) standardized. Around these critical joints--to the good ability to recompose and to pass the deliveries (acquaintances, data, duties...
January 2006: Giornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro Ed Ergonomia
Monica Paccaloni, Francesca Moretti, Christa Zimmermann
AIMS: A narrative review of studies on the psychiatrists' opinion about the information process and the factors that may influence the extent to which patients are informed and involved in the information process. METHODS: A literature review, without restrictions of time, was carried out using Medline and PsychInfo databases. RESULTS: Twenty three studies of interest were identified. The diagnosis of depression, anxiety and substances abuse are comunicated in a high percentage of cases; while the diagnosis of schizophrenia and other psychotic disordes are often concealed to patients...
October 2005: Epidemiologia e Psichiatria Sociale
K L Kwekkeboom, K Herr
Accurate assessment of pain in the critically ill is undoubtedly a challenge. In this setting, however, the nurse can rise to the challenge and have a significant impact on pain management. Some careful thought and planning may allow the nurse to adapt usual assessment tools for use by patients who have difficulty in communicating. When patients cannot communicate, having accurate knowledge about pain and about the patient's condition can help nurses to make appropriate use of behavioral and physiologic signs...
June 2001: Critical Care Nursing Clinics of North America
Guillermo Bauducco, Angélica Dávila
This paper has been done to comunicate a conception of Interconsultation (Liaison) developed in the Metal Health Service from San Roque Hospital. It begins with a general review around theoretical and technical evolution about Interconsultation in a general Hospital. Then it describes our theoretical point of view and its instrumentation, with especial enphasis in the idea of "to include the human being of our sick subject". The article affirms the necessity of thransferencial relantionship among Interconsultator and Interconsultant...
December 2001: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
G Bauducco, A Dávila, S Herreros
This paper has been done to comunicate a conception of Interconsultation (Liaison) developed in the Metal Health Service from San Roque Hospital. It begins with a general review around theoretical and technical evolution about Interconsultation in a general Hospital. Then it describes our theoretical point of view and its instrumentation, with especial enphasis in the idea of "to include the human being of our sick subject". The article affirms the necessity of thransferencial relantionship among Interconsultator and Interconsultant...
December 2001: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
A Veltin
If surveying the tasks in community psychiatry two main fields can be distinguished: -- the therapeutic team itself: the community psychiatry demands another style of working to connect the different branches of therapy and re-socialization. The team must be motivated to overcome the used style only orientated to the immediate therapeutic needs of institution or ward; -- the social field at all, and here especially: participation of the relationship of the patients in the therapeutic process, contacts to and co-operation with communal services and social associations, public relations to make clear the problems of the patients...
August 28, 1980: Fortschritte der Medizin
C J Dale
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1973: Health of the People
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