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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149469/cuffed-versus-uncuffed-endotracheal-tubes-for-general-anaesthesia-in-children-aged-eight-years-and-under
#1
REVIEW
Flavia A De Orange, Rebeca Gac Andrade, Andrea Lemos, Paulo Sgn Borges, José N Figueiroa, Pete G Kovatsis
BACKGROUND: Since the introduction of endotracheal intubation in paediatrics, uncuffed endotracheal tubes (ETTs) have been the standard of care for children under eight years old, based on the presumption that complications, particularly postoperative stridor, are higher with cuffed ETTs. The major disadvantages of uncuffed ETTs cited for this shift in procedure include the difficulty in achieving tidal volumes due to leakage around an uncuffed ETT. To seal the airway adequately, uncuffed tubes may need to be exchanged for another tube with a larger diameter, which sometimes requires several attempts before the appropriate size is found...
November 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149032/optimal-line-and-tube-placement-in-very-preterm-neonates-an-audit-of-practice
#2
Daragh Finn, Hannah Kinoshita, Vicki Livingstone, Eugene M Dempsey
BACKGROUND: Placement of endotracheal tubes (ETTs) and umbilical catheters (UCs) is essential in very preterm infant care. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of an educational initiative to optimize correct placement of ETTs and UCs in very preterm infants. METHODS: A pre-post study design, evaluating optimal radiological position of ETTs and UCs in the first 72 h of life in infants <32 weeks gestational age (GA) was performed. Baseline data was obtained from a preceding 34-month period...
November 17, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147912/tracheal-agenesis-optimization-of-computed-tomography-diagnosis-by-airway-ventilation
#3
REVIEW
Marirosa Cristallo Lacalamita, Sebastien Fau, Aurelie Bornand, Isabelle Vidal, Antonella Martino, Isabelle Eperon, Seema Toso, Anne-Laure Rougemont, Sylviane Hanquinet
Tracheal agenesis is a rare and often lethal congenital defect that leads to airway emergency at birth. Computed tomography (CT) is the modality of choice to evaluate anomalous tracheal anatomy. The absence of spontaneous aeration of the tracheobronchial tree in children with tracheal agenesis makes CT interpretation difficult. We describe a procedure of airway management applied in two newborns with suspected tracheal agenesis. Correct airway management was performed immediately prior to CT examination by airway ventilation, with bag-valve mask alone in one case, and attached to an endotracheal tube placed into the esophagus in the other case...
November 17, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146172/placement-of-the-double-lumen-endotracheal-tube-one-size-doesn-t-fit-all
#4
EDITORIAL
Brijen L Joshi, Laeben C Lester, Michael C Grant
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 21, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145742/improving-mechanical-thrombectomy-time-metrics-in-the-angiography-suite-stroke-cart-parallel-workflows-and-conscious-sedation
#5
Fabio Settecase, David B McCoy, Robert Darflinger, Matthew D Alexander, Daniel L Cooke, Christopher F Dowd, Steven W Hetts, Randall T Higashida, Van V Halbach, Matthew R Amans
Purpose Earlier reperfusion of large-vessel occlusion (LVO) stroke improves functional outcomes. We hypothesize that use of a stroke cart in the angiography suite, containing all commonly used procedural equipment in a mechanical thrombectomy, combined with parallel staff workflows, and use of conscious sedation when possible, improve mechanical thrombectomy time metrics. Methods We identified 47 consecutive LVO patients who underwent mechanical thrombectomy at our center, retrospectively and prospectively from implementation of these three workflow changes (19 pre- and 28 post-)...
January 1, 2017: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145308/comparison-of-the-pentax-airwayscope-and-mcgrath-mac-videolaryngoscope-for-endotracheal-intubation-in-patients-with-a-normal-airway
#6
Jiyoung Lee, Hyun Jeong Kwak, Ji Yeon Lee, Min Young Chang, Sook Young Lee, Jong Yeop Kim
Various videolaryngoscopes (VLs) have been developed to provide a better laryngeal view and facilitate difficult intubations. The goal of this study was to compare 2 VLs, the Pentax AWS and the McGrath VL, with respect to intubation time and ease of intubation.One hundred forty patients aged 19 to 65 years (American Society of Anesthesiologists classification I or II), who required tracheal intubation for elective surgery, were randomly assigned to 1 of the 2 groups: the Pentax AWS (n = 70) or the McGrath VL (n = 70)...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142848/injury-of-the-external-branch-of-the-superior-laryngeal-nerve-in-thyroid-surgery
#7
REVIEW
Andre S Potenza, Vergilius J F Araujo Filho, Claudio R Cernea
The external branch of the superior laryngeal nerve (EBSLN) innervates the cricothyroid muscle (CTM) to promote lengthening and thinning of the vocal fold, thus increasing voice pitch. The close relation with the superior thyroid vessels (STV) puts the EBSLN in risk every time the superior pole of the thyroid is dissected. It travels downward to innervate the CTM, lateral to the thyroid cartilage and to the inferior pharyngeal constrictor muscle (IPCM), being eventually covered by this muscle fibers as it approaches its entry point...
October 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142835/trachway-video-intubating-stylet-allows-for-optimization-of-electromyographic-endotracheal-tube-placement-for-monitored-thyroidectomy
#8
Pi-Ying Chang, Pin-Yang Hu, Yi-Chu Lin, Hsiu-Ya Chen, Feng-Yu Chiang, Che-Wei Wu, Gianlorenzo Dionigi, I-Cheng Lu
Background: Endotracheal tube-based surface electrodes are now commonly applied to measure evoked electromyographic (EMG) response of the vocal cord during monitored thyroidectomy. The aim of the study was to determine the incidence of difficult intubation and to assess the effectiveness of using video-assisted intubating stylet (Trachway) for EMG tube placement in patients undergoing monitored thyroidectomy. Methods: Medical records were collected from consecutive patients undergoing thyroid surgery before and after implementation of the protocol...
October 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141315/-clinical-efficacy-of-one-lung-ventilation-in-treatment-of-children-postoperatively-intractable-atelectasis
#9
J M Huo, K Bai, Y Q Fu, C J Liu, F Xu
Objective: To investigate the effect of fiberoptic bronchoscope-guided one-lung ventilation (OLV) on treatment of intractable atelectasis in children. Method: This retrospective cohort study was conducted in Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University from December 2014 to May 2017. Six patients with intractable atelectasis of left lung were included. Three cases were male and three female with the age from 1.5 to 11.0 years. The endotracheal tube was intubated to the left main bronchus for OLV by the guidance of fiberoptic bronchoscopy...
November 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136003/longitudinal-acquisition-of-endotracheal-intubation-skills-in-novice-physicians
#10
Shinya Takeuchi, Takashi Shiga, Yasuaki Koyama, Taizo Nakanishi, Yosuke Honma, Hiroshi Morita, Tadahiro Goto
Little is known about the acquisition of intubation skills among novice physicians during their one-year clinical training. Our primary objective was to determine the changes in the intubation skills of novice physicians between prior to the clinical training and after completion of the clinical training. We used data of a prospective longitudinal multicenter data registry developed to investigate factors associated with the improvement of intubation skills among novice physicians. The study participants included 90 postgraduate year 1 physicians in 2015-2016...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135753/prevention-of-neonatal-unplanned-extubations-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-a-best-practice-implementation-project
#11
Xiaojing Hu, Yuxia Zhang, Yun Cao, Guoying Huang, Yan Hu, Alexa McArthur
BACKGROUND: Adverse events of mechanically ventilated neonates such as unplanned extubations may be associated with serious negative outcomes. Unplanned extubation rates have been monitored by many neonatal intensive care units as a quality of care metric. OBJECTIVES: The objective was to implement evidence-based best practice and assess the effects of these strategies on minimizing unplanned extubation in the neonatal intensive care unit in a large tertiary children's hospital...
November 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132582/airway-management-in-trauma
#12
REVIEW
George Kovacs, Nicholas Sowers
Airway management in the trauma patient presents numerous unique challenges beyond placement of an endotracheal tube and outcomes are dependent on the provider's ability to anticipate difficulty. Airway management strategies for the care of the polytrauma patient are reviewed, with specific considerations for those presenting with traumatic brain injury, suspected c-spine injury, the contaminated airway, the agitated trauma patient, maxillofacial trauma, and the traumatized airway. An approach to airway management that considers the potential anatomic and physiologic challenges in caring for these complicated trauma patients is presented...
February 2018: Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130559/effect-of-general-anesthesia-and-intubation-on-parathyroid-levels-in-normal-patients-and-those-with-hyperparathyroidism
#13
Udi Cinamon, Doron Gavish, Sharon Ovnat Tamir, Abraham Goldfarb, Tiberiu Ezri
BACKGROUND: Induction of general anesthesia and endotracheal intubation may precipitate parathyroid hormone (PTH) elevation in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (HPT). The purposes of this study were to revisit this observation and to study its impact in healthy patients. METHODS: Patients with primary HPT who underwent parathyroidectomy were retrospectively studied. The PTH was sampled and compared: before, immediately after general anesthesia and endotracheal intubation, and 15 minutes after parathyroidectomy...
November 11, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128016/extracorporeal-life-support-in-lung-transplantation
#14
REVIEW
Darryl Abrams, Daniel Brodie, Selim M Arcasoy
Extracorporeal life support in lung transplantation has been associated with poor posttransplant outcomes. However, recent advances have resulted in more favorable posttransplant outcomes. The increased use of this technology must be weighed against the risks inherent in its use, especially when complications arising in extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO)-dependent patients result in loss of transplant candidacy, leaving them with no viable alternative for long-term support. Existing and emerging data support the judicious use of this technology in carefully selected patients at high-volume transplant and ECMO centers that prioritize minimization of sedation, avoidance of endotracheal intubation, and early mobilization...
December 2017: Clinics in Chest Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127153/analysis-of-unsuccessful-intubations-in-neonates-using-videolaryngoscopy-recordings
#15
Joyce E O'Shea, Prakash Loganathan, Marta Thio, C Omar Farouk Kamlin, Peter G Davis
OBJECTIVES: Neonatal intubation is a difficult skill to learn and teach. If an attempt is unsuccessful, the intubator and instructor often cannot explain why. This study aims to review videolaryngoscopy recordings of unsuccessful intubations and explain the reasons why attempts were not successful. STUDY DESIGN: This is a descriptive study examining videolaryngoscopy recordings obtained from a randomised controlled trial that evaluated if neonatal intubation success rates of inexperienced trainees were superior if they used a videolaryngoscope compared with a laryngoscope...
November 10, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126451/acceleration-sensors-in-abdominal-wall-position-as-a-non-invasive-approach-to-detect-early-breathing-alterations-induced-by-intolerance-of-increased-airway-resistance
#16
Thomas Breuer, Christian S Bruells, Rolf Rossaint, Henning Steffen, Catherine Disselhorst-Klug, Michael Czaplik, Norbert Zoremba
BACKGROUND: Early detection of respiratory overload is crucial to mechanically ventilated patients, especially during phases of spontaneous breathing. Although a diversity of methods and indices has been established, there is no highly specific approach to predict respiratory failure. This study aimed to evaluate acceleration sensors in abdominal and thoracic wall positions to detect alterations in breathing excursions in a setting of gradual increasing airway resistance. METHODS: Twenty-nine healthy volunteers were committed to a standardized protocol of a two-minutes step-down spontaneous breathing on a 5 mm, 4 mm and then 3 mm orally placed endotracheal tube...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125893/mesenchymal-stem-cells-for-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-in-preterm-infants
#17
REVIEW
Maria Pierro, Bernard Thébaud, Roger Soll
BACKGROUND: Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) remains a major complication of prematurity and currently lacks efficient treatments. Mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs) have been extensively explored as a potential therapy in several preclinical and clinical settings. Human and animal MSCs have been shown to prevent and treat lung injury in various preclinical models of lung diseases, including experimental BPD. OBJECTIVES: To determine if MSCs, administered intravenously or endotracheally, are safe and effective in preventing or treating BPD, or both, in preterm infants...
November 10, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123870/characteristic-of-the-acute-drug-intoxication-conveyed-by-kanagawa-helicopter-emergency-medical-service
#18
Mariko Sugita, Shigeo Higami, Shigeaki Inoue, Seiji Morita, Yoshihide Nakagawa, Sadaki Inokuchi
Aim: Various critical cases have been transported since the use of the Kanagawa Helicopter Emergency Medical Service (HEMS) started at Tokai University Hospital (Isehara, Japan) in 2002, including cases of acute poisoning. We analyzed the characteristics of acute poisoning cases conveyed by the HEMS. Methods: Kanagawa HEMS conveyed 3,814 cases from July 2002 to March 2013, and acute drug and poison intoxication was diagnosed in 131 of these cases. We undertook a descriptive statistical study of these cases...
July 2017: Acute Medicine & Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123868/cardiocerebral-and-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-2017-update
#19
REVIEW
Gordon A Ewy
Sudden cardiac arrest is a major public health problem in the industrialized nations of the world. Yet, in spite of recurrent updates of the guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and emergency cardiac care, many areas have suboptimal survival rates. Cardiocerebral resuscitation, a non-guidelines approach to therapy of primary cardiac arrest based on our animal research, was instituted in Tucson (AZ, USA) in 2002 and subsequently adopted in other areas of the USA. Survival rates of patients with primary cardiac arrest and a shockable rhythm significantly improved wherever it was adopted...
July 2017: Acute Medicine & Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123846/two-cases-of-cryptogenic-life-threatening-hemoptysis-identification-and-management-of-bleeding-point
#20
Kazunori Okuda, Jun Tanaka, Jun Okamoto, Fumihisa Kishi, Junichiro Nakagawa, Hiroshi Hino, Satoru Chujoh, Kazuhisa Shimadzu, Masafumi Kishimoto, Noboru Kato, Shigeru Shiono
Cases: Case 1: A 63-year-old woman was referred for coughing blood. Although cardiorespiratory dynamics were stabilized by artificial respiration under sedation, severely poor ventilation developed from asphyxia associated with massive respiratory tract hemorrhage. One-lung ventilation was temporarily secured by endotracheal tube insertion into the left main bronchus just prior to cardiopulmonary arrest.Case 2: A 72-year-old man was referred for massive hemoptysis after coughing, then intubated and placed on a respirator...
January 2017: Acute Medicine & Surgery
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