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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822288/two-sides-of-the-coin-part-2-colloid-and-surface-science-meets-real-biointerfaces
#1
Barry W Ninham, Kåre Larsson, Pierandrea Lo Nostro
Part 1 revisited developments in lipid and surfactant self assembly over the past 40 years [1]. New concepts emerged. Here we explore how these developments can be used to make sense of and bring order to a range of complex biological phenomena. Together with Part 1, this contribution is a fundamental revision of intuition at the boundaries of Colloid Science and Biological interfaces from a perspective of nearly 50 years. We offer new insights on a unified treatment of self assembly of lipids, surfactants and proteins in the light of developments presented in Part 1...
August 5, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821854/dynamics-of-hydration-water-plays-a-key-role-in-determining-the-binding-thermodynamics-of-protein-complexes
#2
Song-Ho Chong, Sihyun Ham
Interfacial waters are considered to play a crucial role in protein-protein interactions, but in what sense and why are they important? Here, using molecular dynamics simulations and statistical thermodynamic analyses, we demonstrate distinctive dynamic characteristics of the interfacial water and investigate their implications for the binding thermodynamics. We identify the presence of extraordinarily slow (~1,000 times slower than in bulk water) hydrogen-bond rearrangements in interfacial water. We rationalize the slow rearrangements by introducing the "trapping" free energies, characterizing how strongly individual hydration waters are captured by the biomolecular surface, whose magnitude is then traced back to the number of water-protein hydrogen bonds and the strong electrostatic field produced at the binding interface...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819659/solvent-hydrophobicity-induced-complex-coacervation-of-dsdna-and-in-situ-formed-zein-nanoparticles
#3
Pankaj Kumar Pandey, Priyanka Kaushik, Kamla Rawat, V K Aswal, H B Bohidar
Zein, a predominantly hydrophobic protein, was sustained as a stable dispersion in ethanol-water (80 : 20, % (v/v)) binary solvent at room temperature (25 °C). Addition of aqueous dsDNA solution (1% (w/v)) to the above dispersion prepared with the protein concentration of Czein = 0.01-0.5% (w/v) caused a concomitant change in ethanol content from 14-35% (v/v), which in turn generated zein nanoparticles in situ of size 80-120 nm increasing with water content. The subsequent associative interaction between DNA (polyanion; 2000 bps) and the positively charged zein nanoparticles, (at pH = 4) was driven by Coulombic forces, and by the solvent hydrophobicity due to the ethanol content of the binary solvent...
August 18, 2017: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812353/dopamine-incorporated-dual-bioactive-electroactive-shape-memory-polyurethane-elastomers-with-physiological-shape-recovery-temperature-high-stretchability-and-enhanced-c2c12-myogenic-differentiation
#4
Xin Zhao, Ruonan Dong, Baolin Guo, Peter X Ma
Soft tissue engineering needs elastic biomaterials not only mimicking the elasticity of soft tissue but also possessing multiple bioactivity to promote cell adhesion, proliferation and differentiation, which still remains ongoing challenges. Herein, we synthesized a series of dopamine-incorporated dual bioactive electroactive shape memory polyurethane elastomers by combining the properties of elastomeric poly(citric acid-co-polycaprolactone) (CA-PCL) polyurethane elastomer, bioactive dopamine (DA) and electroactive aniline hexamer (AH)...
August 16, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810753/dynamical-transition-in-molecular-glasses-and-proteins-observed-by-spin-relaxation-of-nitroxide-spin-probes-and-labels
#5
Elena A Golysheva, Georgiy Yu Shevelev, Sergei A Dzuba
In glassy substances and biological media, dynamical transitions are observed in neutron scattering that manifests itself as deviations of the translational mean-squared displacement, 〈x(2)〉, of hydrogen atoms from harmonic dynamics. In biological media, the deviation occurs at two temperature intervals, at ∼100-150 K and at ∼170-230 K, and it is attributed to the motion of methyl groups in the former case and to the transition from harmonic to anharmonic or diffusive motions in the latter case. In this work, electron spin echo (ESE) spectroscopy-a pulsed version of electron paramagnetic resonance-is applied to study the spin relaxation of nitroxide spin probes and labels introduced in molecular glass former o-terphenyl and in protein lysozyme...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810618/sivelestat-sodium-hydrate-improves-post-traumatic-knee-osteoarthritis-through-nuclear-factor-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-in-a-rat-model
#6
Xiaofeng Yu, Lijun Zhao, Zhiping Yu, Changzheng Yu, Jianfei Bi, Binglong Sun, Haibo Cong
As a specific inhibitor of neutrophil elastase, sivelestat sodium hydrate has primarily been used in the treatment of acute lung injury caused by various factors since its approval in 2002. Sivelestat sodium hydrate also improves post-traumatic knee osteoarthritis (KOA), although its underlying mechanisms of action have yet to be elucidated. The aim of the current study was to determine if sivelestat sodium hydrate improves post-traumatic KOA through nuclear factor (NF)-κB in a rat model. Treatment with sivelestat sodium hydrate significantly inhibited the induction of structural changes and significantly increased the vertical episode count and ipsilateral static weight bearing of the joint in KOA rats (all P<0...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809963/deciphering-environment-effects-in-peptide-bond-solvation-dynamics-by-experiment-and-theory
#7
Matthias Wohlgemuth, Mitsuhiko Miyazaki, Kohei Tsukada, Martin Weiler, Otto Dopfer, Masaaki Fujii, Roland Mitrić
Most proteins work in aqueous solution and the interaction with water strongly affects their structure and function. However, experimentally the motion of a specific single water molecule is difficult to trace by conventional methods, because they average over the heterogeneous solvation structure of bulk water surrounding the protein. Here, we provide a detailed atomistic picture of the water rearrangement dynamics around the -CONH- peptide linkage in the two model systems formanilide and acetanilide, which simply differ by the presence of a methyl group at the peptide linkage...
August 15, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809838/easy-manipulation-of-architectures-in-protein-based-hydrogels-for-cell-culture-applications
#8
Nicholas Bodenberger, Dennis Kubiczek, Frank Rosenau
Hydrogels are recognized as promising materials for cell culture applications due to their ability to provide highly hydrated cell environments. The field of 3D templates is rising due to the potential resemblance of those materials to the natural extracellular matrix. Protein-based hydrogels are particularly promising because they can easily be functionalized and can achieve defined structures with adjustable physicochemical properties. However, the production of macroporous 3D templates for cell culture applications using natural materials is often limited by their weaker mechanical properties compared to those of synthetic materials...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808284/molecular-rationale-behind-the-differential-substrate-specificity-of-bacterial-rnd-multi-drug-transporters
#9
Venkata Krishnan Ramaswamy, Attilio V Vargiu, Giuliano Malloci, Jürg Dreier, Paolo Ruggerone
Resistance-Nodulation-cell Division (RND) transporters AcrB and AcrD of Escherichia coli expel a wide range of substrates out of the cell in conjunction with AcrA and TolC, contributing to the onset of bacterial multidrug resistance. Despite sharing an overall sequence identity of ~66% (similarity ~80%), these RND transporters feature distinct substrate specificity patterns whose underlying basis remains elusive. We performed exhaustive comparative analyses of the putative substrate binding pockets considering crystal structures, homology models and conformations extracted from multi-copy μs-long molecular dynamics simulations of both AcrB and AcrD...
August 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808008/mathematical-model-reveals-role-of-nucleotide-signaling-in-airway-surface-liquid-homeostasis-and-its-dysregulation-in-cystic-fibrosis
#10
Conner I Sandefur, Richard C Boucher, Timothy C Elston
Mucociliary clearance is composed of three components (i.e., mucin secretion, airway surface hydration, and ciliary-activity) which function coordinately to clear inhaled microbes and other foreign particles from airway surfaces. Airway surface hydration is maintained by water fluxes driven predominantly by active chloride and sodium ion transport. The ion channels that mediate electrogenic ion transport are regulated by extracellular purinergic signals that signal through G protein-coupled receptors. These purinoreceptors and the signaling pathways they activate have been identified as possible therapeutic targets for treating lung disease...
August 14, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806566/volumetric-adsorptive-microsampling-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-assay-for-the-simultaneous-quantification-of-four-antibiotics-in-human-blood-method-development-validation-and-comparison-with-dried-blood-spot
#11
Sebastiano Barco, Elio Castagnola, Andrea Moscatelli, James Rudge, Gino Tripodi, Giuliana Cangemi
In this paper we show the development and validation of a volumetric absorptive microsampling (VAMS™)-LC-MS/MS method for the simultaneous quantification of four antibiotics: piperacillin-tazobactam, meropenem, linezolid and ceftazidime in 10μL human blood. The novel VAMS-LC-MS/MS method has been compared with a dried blood spot (DBS)-based method in terms of impact of hematocrit (HCT) on accuracy, reproducibility, recovery and matrix effect. Antibiotics were extracted from VAMS and DBS by protein precipitation with methanol after a re-hydration step at 37°C for 10min...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801577/effects-of-disulfide-bridges-and-backbone-connectivity-on-water-sorption-by-protein-matrices
#12
Sang Beom Kim, Rakesh S Singh, Prem K C Paul, Pablo G Debenedetti
Understanding the water sorption behavior of protein powders is important in applications such as the preservation of protein-based pharmaceuticals. Most globular proteins exhibit a characteristic sigmoidal water adsorption isotherm at ambient conditions. However, it is not well understood how water sorption behavior is influenced by intrinsic factors that are related to structural properties of proteins. We investigate computationally how structural constraints on proteins influence the water sorption isotherms of amorphous protein powders...
August 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798393/role-of-water-and-protein-dynamics-in-proton-pumping-by-respiratory-complex-i
#13
Outi Haapanen, Vivek Sharma
Membrane bound respiratory complex I is the key enzyme in the respiratory chains of bacteria and mitochondria, and couples the reduction of quinone to the pumping of protons across the membrane. Recently solved crystal or electron microscopy structures of bacterial and mitochondrial complexes have provided significant insights into the electron and proton transfer pathways. However, due to large spatial separation between the electron and proton transfer routes, the molecular mechanism of coupling remains unclear...
August 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796363/physiochemical-properties-and-probiotic-survivability-of-symbiotic-corn-based-yogurt-like-product
#14
Cuina Wang, Huajie Zheng, Tingting Liu, Dawei Wang, Mingruo Guo
Corn is a major grain produced in northern China. Corn-based functional food products are very limited. In this study, a symbiotic corn-based yogurt-like product was developed. Corn milk was prepared through grinding, extrusion and milling, and hydration processes. Corn extrudate was prepared under the optimized conditions of corn flour particle size <180 μm, moisture content of 15% and extrusion temperature at 130 °C. The corn milk was prepared from 8% corn extrudate suspension and then milled twice with 0...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795561/molecular-determinants-of-temperature-dependence-of-protein-volume-change-upon-unfolding
#15
Calvin R Chen, George I Makhatadze
Pressure is well known environmental stressor that can either stabilize or destabilize proteins. The volumetric change upon protein unfolding determines the effect of pressure on protein stability, where negative volume changes destabilize proteins at high pressures. High temperature often accompanies high pressure, for example in the ocean depths near hydrothermal vents or near faults, so it is important to study the effect of temperature on the volumetric change upon unfolding. We previously detailed the magnitude and sign of the molecular determinants of volumetric change, allowing us to quantitatively predict the volumetric change upon protein unfolding...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791907/a-one-step-procedure-for-immobilising-the-thermostable-carbonic-anhydrase-sspca-on-the-surface-membrane-of-escherichia-coli
#16
Sonia Del Prete, Rosa Perfetto, Mosè Rossi, Fatmah A S Alasmary, Sameh M Osman, Zeid AlOthman, Claudiu T Supuran, Clemente Capasso
The carbonic anhydrase superfamily (CA, EC 4.2.1.1) of metalloenzymes is present in all three domains of life (Eubacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya), being an interesting example of convergent/divergent evolution, with its seven families (α-, β-, γ-, δ-, ζ-, η-, and θ-CAs) described so far. CAs catalyse the simple, but physiologically crucial reaction of carbon dioxide hydration to bicarbonate and protons. Recently, our groups characterised the α-CA from the thermophilic bacterium, Sulfurihydrogenibium yellowstonense finding a very high catalytic activity for the CO2 hydration reaction (kcat = 9...
December 2017: Journal of Enzyme Inhibition and Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790328/desiccation-tolerance-in-bryophytes-the-dehydration-and-rehydration-transcriptomes-in-the-desiccation-tolerant-bryophyte-bryum-argenteum
#17
Bei Gao, Xiaoshuang Li, Daoyuan Zhang, Yuqing Liang, Honglan Yang, Moxian Chen, Yuanming Zhang, Jianhua Zhang, Andrew J Wood
The desiccation tolerant bryophyte Bryum argenteum is an important component of desert biological soil crusts (BSCs) and is emerging as a model system for studying vegetative desiccation tolerance. Here we present and analyze the hydration-dehydration-rehydration transcriptomes in B. argenteum to establish a desiccation-tolerance transcriptomic atlas. B. argenteum gametophores representing five different hydration stages (hydrated (H0), dehydrated for 2 h (D2), 24 h (D24), then rehydrated for 2 h (R2) and 48 h (R48)), were sampled for transcriptome analyses...
August 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780866/the-role-of-hydrogen-bonding-of-cyclodextrin-drug-complexes-probed-by-thermodiffusion
#18
Doreen Niether, Tsubasa Kawaguchi, Jana Hovancová, Kazuya Eguchi, Jan K G Dhont, Rio Kita, Simone Wiegand
The temperature-gradient induced migration of biomolecules, known as thermophoresis or thermodiffusion, changes upon ligand binding. In recent years, this effect has been used to determine protein-ligand binding constants. The mechanism through which thermodiffusive properties change when complexes are formed, however, is not understood. An important contribution to thermodiffusive properties originates from the thermal response of hydrogen bonds. Since there is a considerable difference between the degree of solvation of the protein-ligand complex and its isolated components, ligand-binding is accompanied by a significant change in hydration...
August 7, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771063/reliability-of-urinary-dehydration-markers-among-elite-youth-boxers
#19
Damir Zubac, Drazen Cular, Uros Marusic
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to determine the reliability and diagnostic accuracy of non-invasive urinary dehydration markers, in field-based settings on a day-to-day basis in elite adolescent amateur boxers. METHODS: Sixty-nine urine samples were collected on a day-to-day basis, from twenty-three athletes (17.3±1.9 y), during their weigh-stable phase and analyzed by field and laboratory measures of hydration status. Urine osmolality (UOSM), urine specific gravity (USG), total protein content (TPC) and body-mass (BM) stability were evaluated to determine fluid balance and hydration status...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768187/interaction-of-myoglobin-colloids-with-bsa-in-solution-insights-into-complex-formation-and-elastic-compliance
#20
D Madhumitha, Aruna Dhathathreyan
This work focusses on the supramolecular complex formed between Myoglobin (Mb) and Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) at colloids/solution interface at pH 4.0 and pH 7.5. Electrostatic interactions between Mb as colloids and BSA solution (pH=7.5 and 4.0) have been confirmed by Zeta potential that suggest that while Mb has a narrow interaction range, BSA has a wider interaction space. The organization of Mb colloids in BSA characterized using dilational rheological parameters show that the Mb colloids are elastic and the strong adsorbed water layers on the surface restrict the deformation, regulated by the viscoelastic surface layer...
July 30, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
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