Read by QxMD icon Read

freez fish

G Zhou, K P Wang, H W Liu, L Wang, X F Xiao, D D Dou, Y B Fan
Owing to low bearing capacity and efficiency, traditional filters or adsorbents for removal of contaminants like crystal violet (CV) dye required frequent replacement. Besides, the combination of three-dimensional (3D) printing and bionics could break the constraints of traditional configuration. In this study, a novel depth-type hybrid polylactic acid (PLA)@graphene oxide (GO)/chitosan (CS) sponge filter with bionic fish-mouth structure was prepared and fabricated, assisted by 3D printing and double freeze-drying technology, according to the theories of vertical cross-step filtration and swirling flow...
March 9, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Yuriy Kvach, Markéta Ondračková, Michal Janáč, Pavel Jurajda
The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of preservation method on the results of parasite community studies. Two host species, European perch Perca fluviatilis and European bitterling Rhodeus amarus, were examined for parasites after having been subjected to 4 different storage treatments: freezing, preservation in 4% formaldehyde or 70% ethanol and transportation of live (fresh) fish as a control. Preservation prior to dissection resulted in a loss of information, leading to incomplete quantitative data (all preservation treatments), qualitative data (ethanol and formaldehyde preservation) and a lowered ability to determine parasites to species level based on morphology compared to dissecting fresh fish...
March 5, 2018: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
Xuan Zhuang, Katherine R Murphy, Laura Ghigliotti, Eva Pisano, C-H Christina Cheng
Antifreeze glycoproteins (AFGPs) are a novel evolutionary innovation in members of the northern cod fish family (Gadidae), crucial in preventing death from inoculative freezing by environmental ice in their frigid Arctic and sub-Arctic habitats. However, the genomic origin and molecular mechanism of evolution of this novel life-saving adaptive genetic trait remained to be definitively determined. To this end, we constructed large insert genomic DNA BAC (bacterial artificial chromosome) libraries for two AFGP-bearing gadids, the high-Arctic polar cod Boreogadus saida and the cold-temperate Atlantic tomcod Microgadus tomcod, to isolate and sequence their AFGP genomic regions for fine resolution evolutionary analyses...
March 3, 2018: Marine Genomics
YuJin Shin, Chang-Ho Kang, Woori Kim, Jae-Seong So
The production of viable functional probiotics presupposes stability of strain features in the final product. In previous studies, Enterococcus faecium HL7 was found to have relatively higher cell viability after freeze-drying and the long-lasting resistance to heat (60 °C) as well as higher antimicrobial activities against some of fish and human pathogens among isolated strains. For heat adaptation, E. faecium HL7 cells were exposed to 52 °C for 15 min. After adaption, slight decreases of unsaturated membrane fatty acid ratios were confirmed through fatty acid analysis...
February 24, 2018: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
Kaori Ushida, Naoya Asai, Kozo Uchiyama, Atsushi Enomoto, Masahide Takahashi
Embedding of tissue samples that maintains a desired orientation is critical for preparing sections suitable for diagnosis and study objectives. Methods to prepare tissue sections include: (i) paraffin embedding or snap-freezing followed by microtome or cryostat sectioning; and (ii) agarose embedding followed by cutting on a vibrating microslicer. Although these methods are useful for routine laboratory work, preparation of small and fragile tissues such as mouse organs, small human biopsy samples, and cultured floating spheres is difficult and requires special skills...
February 21, 2018: Pathology International
Caio Maximino, Daniele L Meinerz, Barbara D Fontana, Nathana J Mezzomo, Flavia V Stefanello, Alessandro de S Prestes, Cibele B Batista, Maribel A Rubin, Nilda V Barbosa, João Batista T Rocha, Monica G Lima, Denis B Rosemberg
Anxiety, trauma- and stressor-related disorders are severe psychiatric conditions that affect human population worldwide. Given their genetic tractability, evolutionarily conserved neurotransmitter systems, and extensive behavioral repertoire, zebrafish have become an emergent model organism in translational neuroscience. Here, we investigate whether a single exposure to conspecific alarm substance (CAS) produces fear conditioning in zebrafish using a conditioned place aversion (CPA) paradigm, as well as the persistence of aversive responses at different time intervals...
February 2, 2018: Behavioural Processes
Xianliang Yi, Changlin Li, Xi Zhong, Yufeng Gong
A lipovitellin (Lv) based sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed to quantify vitellogenin (Vtg) in marine medaka (Oryzias melastigma). Lv and Vtg were purified from the unfertilized eggs and the whole body homogenates (WBH) of estradiol (E2)-exposed fish. The purified Lv sample appeared as three clear bands (118, 112 and 100 kDa) in sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and was identified as an Lvs mixture from VtgAa and VtgAb by liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) analysis...
January 22, 2018: Chemosphere
Zu Soh, Motoki Matsuno, Masayuki Yoshida, Toshio Tsuji
Fear and anxiety in fish are generally evaluated by video-based behavioral analysis. However, it is difficult to distinguish the psychological state of fish exclusively through video analysis, particularly whether the fish are freezing, which represents typical fear behavior, or merely resting. We propose a system that can measure bioelectrical signals called ventilatory signals and simultaneously analyze swimming behavior in real time. Experimental results comparing the behavioral analysis of the proposed system and the camera system showed a low error level with an average absolute position error of 9...
January 30, 2018: Zebrafish
Lauren J Norris, Virginia Watral, Michael L Kent
Cryopreservation is a common method used to preserve the sperm of various animal species, and it is widely used with zebrafish (Danio rerio). As with other animals, there is a possibility of paternal pathogen transmission through sperm. We evaluated the ability of five common and important pathogens of zebrafish to survive cryopreservation as used with zebrafish sperm and freezing without cryopreservant. We evaluated Mycobacterium chelonae, Mycobacterium marinum, and Edwardsiella ictaluri, each originally isolated from zebrafish, eggs of Pseuodocapillaria tomentosa, and spores of Pseudoloma neurophilia...
January 25, 2018: Zebrafish
Daniele Conficoni, Leonardo Alberghini, Elisa Bissacco, Barbara Contiero, Valerio Giaccone
Cuttlefish ink is consumed as a delicacy worldwide. The current study is the first assessment of heavy metal concentrations in cuttlefish ink versus mantle under different storage methods. A total of 212 samples (64 of fresh mantle, 42 of frozen mantle, 64 of fresh ink, and 42 of frozen ink) were analyzed for the detection of the following heavy metals: arsenic (As), chromium (Cr), iron (Fe), lead (Pb), mercury (Hg), and cadmium (Cd). The median As concentrations were 12.9 mg/kg for fresh mantle, 8.63 mg/kg for frozen mantle, 10...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Food Protection
Snehasis Biswas, Naay Balodia, Jayesh Bellare
Zebrafish behavioral model is a powerful tool for neuroscience research. Behavioral changes in the zebrafish are studied by administering drugs. With the aid of automated and open-source MATLAB program, high-accuracy tracking of zebrafish can be achieved, and the important behavioral parameters can be calculated. Although mercury is accepted as a potent neurotoxin, used as a key element for preparing certain Ayurvedic medicines. In this work, mercury-based inorganic compounds, including HgCl2, HgS, and Ayurvedic medicines (Rasasindura and Kajjali) were administrated in zebrafish, and the effects on various behavioral parameters and cortisol levels were studied...
January 20, 2018: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
A J Vizcaíno, A Rodiles, G López, M I Sáez, M Herrera, I Hachero, T F Martínez, M C Cerón-García, F Javier Alarcón
Senegalese sole is one of the most promising fish species cultivated in the Southern European countries. This study was aimed at assessing the effects of microalgae biomass added to diets for Senegalese sole juveniles on fish growing and condition status. Three isoproteic (52%) and isolipidic (10%) were formulated containing 15% Tisochrysis lutea (TISO), Nannochloropsis gaditana (NAN), or Scenedesmus almeriensis (SCE) biomass, respectively. An experimental microalgae-free diet (CT) and a commercial diet (COM) were used as controls...
January 21, 2018: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Kareem Morsy, Abeer Mahmoud Badr, Fathy Abdel-Ghaffar, Somaya El Deeb, Samar Ebead
The third-stage (L3) larvae of Anisakis are the etiological agents of human anisakiasis caused by consumption of raw or undercooked seafood infected with anisakid nematodes. Infection with these worms is associated with abdominal pain, nausea, and diarrhea and can lead to massive infiltration of eosinophils and the formation of granulomas in the gastrointestinal tract if the larvae are not removed. Food allergy affects populations worldwide, and despite several reports on the presence of the potentially zoonotic nematodes among edible fishes in Egypt, there are few immunological and molecular studies investigating the epidemiology of these parasites...
December 2017: Journal of Nematology
Loredana Zilli, Annalisa Bianchi, Maroua Sabbah, Laura Pecoraro, Roberta Schiavone, Sebastiano Vilella
The long-term goal of this research project is to set up efficient protocol that can be used to develop a standardized approach for vitrification of marine fish spermatozoa. In particular, the aim of the present study was to develop a vitrification protocol for sea bream (Sparus aurata) spermatozoa. To draw up the protocol, we tested two different dilution media (1% NaCl and Mounib medium), three different vitrification devices (loops, drops and cut straws), different cryoprotectants (CPs) and three different equilibration times (30, 60 and 120 s)...
January 11, 2018: Theriogenology
Aurélien Desmarchelier, Sébastien Anizan, Mai Minh Tien, Marie-Claude Savoy, Cindy Bion
A LC-MS/MS method is presented for screening five tetracyclines and their epimers in a broad range of food products. The scope of matrices includes meat-, fish-, seafood-based products, various dairy ingredients, infant formulae and fats. The method principle is based on a liquid-liquid extraction with aqueous ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) and acetonitrile followed by a freezing step to promote phase separation at low temperature. After defatting with hexane, sample extracts were evaporated and reconstituted before injection onto the LC-MS/MS system...
January 16, 2018: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
RiBang Wu, CuiLing Wu, Dan Liu, XingHao Yang, JiaFeng Huang, Jiang Zhang, Binqiang Liao, HaiLun He
Extracted salmon skin collagen was hydrolysed with the free or immobilized extracellular protease of Vibrio sp. SQS2-3. The hydrolysate exhibited anti-freezing activity (>3 kDa) and antioxidant activity (<3000 Da) after ultrafiltration. The antioxidant peptide was further purified by size-exclusion chromatography and found to scavenge DPPH (73.29 ± 1.03%), OH (72.73 ± 3.34%,), and intracellular ROS in HUVECs; protect DNA against oxidation-induced damage; and have an ORAC of 2.78 ± 0...
May 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
Saleem Ullah, Ismail Zainol, Shiplu Roy Chowdhury, M B Fauzi
The various composition multicomponent chitosan/fish collagen/glycerin 3D porous scaffolds were developed and investigated the effect of various composition chitosan/fish collagen/glycerin on scaffolds morphology, mechanical strength, biostability and cytocompatibility. The scaffolds were fabricated via freeze-drying technique. The effects of various compositions consisting in 3D scaffolds were investigated via FT-IR analysis, porosity, swelling and mechanical tests, and effect on the morphology of scaffolds investigated microscopically...
January 2, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Bernardo Baldisserotto, Thaylise V Parodi, E Don Stevens
OBJECTIVE: To test the postexposure analgesic efficacy of low doses of eugenol in zebrafish. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective experimental study. ANIMALS: A total of 76 large adult zebrafish (Danio rerio). METHODS: Fish swimming behavior (median velocity, freeze time, high-speed swimming and distance moved in the vertical direction) was recorded in a 1.6 L video arena before and after exposure to eugenol (0, 1, 2, 5, 10 and 20 mg L-1)...
September 15, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
Haibo Luo, Weihua Wang, Wei Chen, Haiqing Tang, Li Jiang, Zhifang Yu
BACKGROUND: Microbial spoilage and lipid oxidation are two major factors causing freshness deterioration of Pacific saury (Cololabis saira) during frozen storage. To provide a remedy, the effects of several natural chemicals incorporated alone or in combination in traditional water ice-glazing on the freshness and shelf-life of Pacific saury during frozen storage at -18 °C were investigated. Pacific sauries were subjected to individual quick freezing (IQF) followed by immediately dipping into cold tap water (control) or solutions containing nisin, chitosan, phytic acid (single-factor experiment) or their combinations [(L9 (34 ) orthogonal experiment] for 10 s at 1 °C, and then packaged in polypropylene bags before frozen storage at -18 °C...
December 14, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Yin-E Liu, Li-Qian Huang, Xiao-Jun Luo, Xiao-Xin Tan, Chen-Chen Huang, Pablo Zapata Corella, Bi-Xian Mai
An analytical method has been developed for measuring 12 organophosphorus flame retardants (PFRs) in fish tissue samples. After the Soxhlet extraction of PFRs with dichloromethane. The experimental parameters of the clean-up were systematically optimized. Methanol was found to be a more effective solvent than acetonitrile used in freezing-lipid precipitation. Methanol (5%) in ultrapure water, was finally selected to perform solid-phase extraction (SPE, Oasis HLB cartridge), with mean lipid removal efficiency of 94% after freezing-lipid precipitation...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. A
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"