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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768160/-selection-of-antiplatelet-therapy-for-patients-with-stable-angina
#1
M V Arkhipov
Acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) has a 120‑years long history. First ASA was used as an antipyretic and anesthetic medicine, nowadays it is widely prescribed to patients with coronary arteries disease as antithrombotic cure for prevention of major adverse clinical events (MACE). Though there are a lot of trials about usage of ASA for first and secondary MACE prevention still there are unmet clinical needs - dosage choice, the therapy length, diagnostic and management of ASA resistance, and also the prophylaxis of gastro-enteric hemorrhages...
2018: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761876/differential-gip-glp-1-intestinal-cell-distribution-in-diabetics-yields-distinctive-rearrangements-depending-on-roux-en-y-biliopancreatic-limb-length
#2
António M Palha, Sofia S Pereira, Madalena M Costa, Tiago Morais, André F Maia, Marta Guimarães, Mário Nora, Mariana P Monteiro
As incretins are known to play an important role in type 2 diabetics (T2D) improvement observed after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), our aim was to assess whether increasing the length of RYGB biliopancreatic limb in T2D would modify the incretin staining cell density found after the gastric outlet. Small intestine biopsies (n = 38) were harvested during RYGB at two different distances from the duodenal angle; either 60-90 cm (n = 28), from non-diabetic (n = 18) patients, and T2D (n = 10), or 200 cm (n = 10) from T2D...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727818/efficacy-and-safety-of-ketogenic-diet-for-treatment-of-pediatric-convulsive-refractory-status-epilepticus
#3
Ravindra Arya, Katrina Peariso, Marina Gaínza-Lein, Jessica Harvey, Ann Bergin, J Nicholas Brenton, Brian T Burrows, Tracy Glauser, Howard P Goodkin, Yi-Chen Lai, Mohamad A Mikati, Iván Sánchez Fernández, Dmitry Tchapyjnikov, Angus A Wilfong, Korwyn Williams, Tobias Loddenkemper
PURPOSE: To describe the efficacy and safety of ketogenic diet (KD) for convulsive refractory status epilepticus (RSE). METHODS: RSE patients treated with KD at the 6/11 participating institutions of the pediatric Status Epilepticus Research Group from January-2011 to December-2016 were included. Patients receiving KD prior to the index RSE episode were excluded. RSE was defined as failure of ≥2 anti-seizure medications, including at least one non-benzodiazepine drug...
April 27, 2018: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721802/microbiota-and-metabolic-diseases
#4
REVIEW
Alessia Pascale, Nicoletta Marchesi, Cristina Marelli, Adriana Coppola, Livio Luzi, Stefano Govoni, Andrea Giustina, Carmine Gazzaruso
The microbiota is a complex ecosystem of microorganisms consisting of bacteria, viruses, protozoa, and fungi, living in different districts of the human body, such as the gastro-enteric tube, skin, mouth, respiratory system, and the vagina. Over 70% of the microbiota lives in the gastrointestinal tract in a mutually beneficial relationship with its host. The microbiota plays a major role in many metabolic functions, including modulation of glucose and lipid homeostasis, regulation of satiety, production of energy and vitamins...
May 2, 2018: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715478/development-of-novel-indole-3-aldehyde-loaded-gastro-resistant-spray-dried-microparticles-for-post-biotic-small-intestine-local-delivery
#5
Matteo Puccetti, Stefano Giovagnoli, Teresa Zelante, Luigina Romani, Maurizio Ricci
Considering the recent evidences on the therapeutic potential of post-biotics, this study was focused on two mains goals: i) to develop an enteric microparticle (MP) formulation for intestinal localized delivery of Indole-3-aldehyde (3-IAld) (a microbial-derived metabolite produced by the host's lactobacilli during the catabolic pathway of tryptophan); ii) to provide support to the employment of spray-drying as innovative one-step manufacturing technique for enteric products. For this purpose, special attention was taken in the knowledge of the influence of equipment setup and feedstock properties on MP enteric behaviour...
April 28, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702988/enteritis-as-initial-manifestation-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-in-early-pregnancy-a-case-report
#6
Anna Maria Bellou, Dominik Bös, Guido Kukuk, Ulrich Gembruch, Waltraut Maria Merz
RATIONAL: Lupus enteritis is a rare, severe complication of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We report of a patient who presented with enteritis as manifestation of new-onset SLE during the first trimester of pregnancy. PATIENTS CONCERNS: The 23-year nulliparous patient was admitted to a district hospital with abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting and bloody diarrhea at a gestational age (GA) of 10 weeks. Her symptoms improved with symptomatic treatment and she was discharged a few days later...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698676/seroprevalence-of-sapovirus-in-dogs-using-baculovirus-expressed-virus-like-particles
#7
Irene Melegari, Fulvio Marsilio, Federica Di Profio, Vittorio Sarchese, Ivano Massirio, Andrea Palombieri, Anna Rita D'Angelo, Gianvito Lanave, Georgia Diakoudi, Alessandra Cavalli, Vito Martella, Barbara Di Martino
Caliciviruses of the Sapovirus genus have been recently detected in dogs. Canine sapoviruses (SaVs) have been identified in the stools of young or juvenile animals with gastro-enteric disease at low prevalence (2.0-2.2%), but whether they may have a role as enteric pathogens and to which extent dogs are exposed to SaVs remains unclear. Here, we report the expression in a baculovirus system of virus like-particles (VLPs) of a canine SaV strain, the prototype virus Bari/4076/2007/ITA. The recombinant antigen was used to develop an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
April 23, 2018: Virus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655796/broadband-acoustic-resonance-dissolution-spectroscopy-bards-a-rapid-test-for-enteric-coating-thickness-and-integrity-of-controlled-release-pellet-formulations
#8
Anas Alfarsi, Amy Dillon, Seán McSweeney, Jacob Krüse, Brendan Griffin, Ken Devine, Patricia Sherry, Stephan Henken, Stephen Fitzpatrick, Dara Fitzpatrick
There are no rapid dissolution based tests for determining coating thickness, integrity and drug concentration in controlled release pellets either during production or post-production. The manufacture of pellets requires several coating steps depending on the formulation. The sub-coating and enteric coating steps typically take up to six hours each followed by additional drying steps. Post production regulatory dissolution testing also takes up to six hours to determine if the batch can be released for commercial sale...
April 12, 2018: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608658/unusual-initial-abdominal-presentations-of-invasive-meningococcal-disease
#9
Tamazoust Guiddir, Marion Gros, Eva Hong, Aude Terrade, Mélanie Denizon, Ala-Eddine Deghmane, Muhamed-Kheir Taha
Background: Invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) is recognized as septicemia and/or meningitis. However, early symptoms may vary and are frequently nonspecific. Early abdominal presentations have been increasingly described. We aimed to explore a large cohort of patients with initial abdominal presentations for association with particular meningococcal strains. Methods: Confirmed IMD cases in France between 1991-2016 were screened for the presence within the 24 hours before diagnosis of at least one of the following criteria (1) abdominal pain, (2) gastro-enteritis with diarrhea and vomiting, (3) diarrhea only...
March 28, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601600/the-incidence-of-medically-attended-norovirus-gastro-enteritis-in-japan-modelling-using-a-medical-care-insurance-claims-database
#10
Chia-Hsien Chang, Motonobu Sakaguchi, John Weil, Thomas Verstraeten
BACKGROUND: The burden of medically-attended acute gastro-enteritis (MA-AGE) that can be attributed to norovirus is not well established in Japan. Using a nationwide database of medical care insurance claims, we estimated the incidence of medically-attended norovirus-attributable gastroenteritis (MA-NGE) in Japan. METHODS: The incidences of MA-NGE outpatient consultations or hospitalization in Japan were modelled on seasonal patterns of MA-AGE for unspecified causes derived from the Japan Medical Data Center (JMDC) database for the period July 2007 to June 2015...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589541/antimicrobial-peptides-in-human-disease-therapeutic-approaches-second-of-two-parts
#11
Thea Magrone, Matteo Antonio Russo, Emilio Jirillo
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are produced by a variety of human immune and nonimmune cells in health and disease. In virtue of their antimicrobial activity, AMPs have been exploited in human disease and here this aspect will extensively be described. AMPs in comparison to antibiotics possess a larger spectrum of antimicrobial activity without inducing microbial resistance. Therefore, their use in the course of antibiotic-resistant infections is justified. AMP activity in early life, in the airways, in the oral and gastro-enteric system, in the skin and in the female reproductive tract, respectively, will be elucidated...
March 27, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581055/evaluation-of-the-roche-lightmix-%C3%A2-gastro-parasites-multiplex-pcr-assay-detecting-giardia-duodenalis-entamoeba-histolytica-cryptosporidia-dientamoeba-fragilis-and-blastocystis-hominis
#12
Johannes Friesen, Jörg Fuhrmann, Heike Kietzmann, Egbert Tannich, Michael Müller, Ralf Ignatius
OBJECTIVES: Multiplex PCR assays offer highly sensitive and specific tools for the detection of enteric pathogens. This prospective study aimed at comparing the novel Roche LightMix® Modular Assay Gastro Parasites (LMAGP) detecting Giardia duodenalis, Entamoeba histolytica, Cryptosporidium spp., Blastocystis hominis, and Dientamoeba fragilis with routine laboratory procedures. METHODS: Stool specimens (n=1062 from 1009 patients) were consecutively examined by LMAGP, R-Biopharm Ridascreen® enzyme immunoassays (EIAs) detecting G...
March 23, 2018: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554952/in-vitro-comparative-quality-evaluation-of-different-brands-of-esomeprazole-tablets-available-in-selected-community-pharmacies-in-dhaka-bangladesh
#13
Oby Dulla, Sharifa Sultana, Md Shohag Hosen
OBJECTIVE: Esomeprazole is the S-isomer of omeprazole, used to treat gastro esophageal reflux disease. It is one of the widely manufactured and marketed drugs by many pharmaceutical companies in Bangladesh. The aim of the study is to compare the different physical parameters including hardness, friability, diameter, thickness, disintegration time, dissolution test and assay for quality evaluation and characterization of tablets of five different brands of Bangladeshi pharmaceutical company...
March 20, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518266/caring-for-patients-on-home-enteral-nutrition-reported-complications-by-home-carers-and-perspectives-of-community-nurses
#14
Mei Ling Lim, Bei Yi Paulynn Yong, Mei Qi Maggie Mar, Shin Yuh Ang, Mei Mei Chan, Madeleine Lam, Ngian Choo Janet Chong, Violeta Lopez
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the experiences of community nurses and home carers, in caring for patients on home enteral nutrition. BACKGROUND: The number of patients on home enteral nutrition is on the increase due to advancement in technology and shift in focus of providing care from acute to community care settings. METHODS: A mixed-method approach was adopted. (i) A face-to-face survey design was used to elicit experience of carers of patients on home enteral nutrition...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484573/genetic-and-structural-analysis-of-a-skiv2l-mutation-causing-tricho-hepato-enteric-syndrome
#15
Iddo Vardi, Ortal Barel, Michal Sperber, Michael Schvimer, Moran Nunberg, Michael Field, Jodie Ouahed, Dina Marek-Yagel, Lael Werner, Yael Haberman, Avishay Lahad, Yair Anikster, Gideon Rechavi, Iris Barshack, Joshua J McElwee, Joseph Maranville, Raz Somech, Scott B Snapper, Batia Weiss, Dror S Shouval
BACKGROUND: Advances in genomics have facilitated the discovery of monogenic disorders in patients with unique gastro-intestinal phenotypes. Syndromic diarrhea, also called tricho-hepato-enteric (THE) syndrome, results from deleterious mutations in SKIV2L or TTC37 genes. The main features of this disorder are intractable diarrhea, abnormal hair, facial dysmorphism, immunodeficiency and liver disease. AIM: To report on a patient with THE syndrome and present the genetic analysis that facilitated diagnosis...
May 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371761/the-influence-of-long-term-use-of-proton-pump-inhibitors-on-the-gut-microbiota-an-age-sex-matched-case-control-study
#16
Tomohisa Takagi, Yuji Naito, Ryo Inoue, Saori Kashiwagi, Kazuhiko Uchiyama, Katsura Mizushima, Saeko Tsuchiya, Tetsuya Okayama, Osamu Dohi, Naohisa Yoshida, Kazuhiro Kamada, Takeshi Ishikawa, Osamu Handa, Hideyuki Konishi, Kayo Okuda, Yoshimasa Tsujimoto, Hiromu Ohnogi, Yoshito Itoh
Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are widely used to treat gastro-esophageal reflux and prevent gastric ulcers, and have been considered as low risk. However, recent studies have identified possible associations between PPI use and gut microbiota, suggesting that PPIs use increases the risk of enteric infections, including Clostridium difficile infection. To investigate gut microbiota in Japanese PPIs users, we conducted 16S metagenomics analysis of fecal samples collected from PPI users and healthy adults. In total, 36 PPI users and 36 PPI non-users (as control subjects) matched by age and sex were recruited and fecal samples were obtained to analyze the gut microbiome using 16S rRNA gene sequencing...
January 2018: Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280782/management-of-acute-pancreatitis-in-the-pediatric-population-a-clinical-report-from-the-north-american-society-for-pediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition-pancreas-committee
#17
Maisam Abu-El-Haija, Soma Kumar, Jose Antonio Quiros, Keshawadhana Balakrishnan, Bradley Barth, Samuel Bitton, John F Eisses, Elsie Jazmin Foglio, Victor Fox, Denease Francis, Alvin Jay Freeman, Tanja Gonska, Amit S Grover, Sohail Z Husain, Rakesh Kumar, Sameer Lapsia, Tom Lin, Quin Y Liu, Asim Maqbool, Zachary M Sellers, Flora Szabo, Aliye Uc, Steven L Werlin, Veronique D Morinville
BACKGROUND: Although the incidence of acute pancreatitis (AP) in children is increasing, management recommendations rely on adult published guidelines. Pediatric-specific recommendations are needed. METHODS: The North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition Pancreas committee performed a MEDLINE review using several preselected key terms relating to management considerations in adult and pediatric AP. The literature was summarized, quality of evidence reviewed, and statements of recommendations developed...
January 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280391/development-of-a-new-esomeprazole-delayed-release-gastro-resistant-pellet-formulation-with-improved-storage-stability
#18
Panagiotis Barmpalexis, Agni Grypioti
This study describes the development of a new esomeprazole (ESO) delayed release gastro-resistant formulation with improved storage stability. A three-step (drug-, sub(seal)- and enteric-) coating process was employed with the aid of a fluid bed coater. Several formulation factors (namely, size and quantity of starting non-pareil sugar spheres, binder quantity during drug-layering, sub(seal)-coating polymer type, and quantity and enteric coating quantity) were evaluated and the whole process was modeled with the aid of feed-forward back-propagation artificial neural networks (ANNs)...
June 2018: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261162/food-borne-outbreak-investigation-and-molecular-typing-high-diversity-of-staphylococcus-aureus-strains-and-importance-of-toxin-detection
#19
Sarah Denayer, Laurence Delbrassinne, Yacine Nia, Nadine Botteldoorn
Staphylococcus aureus is an important aetiological agent of food intoxications in the European Union as it can cause gastro-enteritis through the production of various staphylococcal enterotoxins (SEs) in foods. Reported enterotoxin dose levels causing food-borne illness are scarce and varying. Three food poisoning outbreaks due to enterotoxin-producing S. aureus strains which occurred in 2013 in Belgium are described. The outbreaks occurred in an elderly home, at a barbecue event and in a kindergarten and involved 28, 18, and six cases, respectively...
December 20, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187841/genome-comparison-of-erythromycin-resistant-campylobacter-from-turkeys-identifies-hosts-and-pathways-for-horizontal-spread-of-erm-b-genes
#20
Diego Florez-Cuadrado, María Ugarte-Ruiz, Guillaume Meric, Alberto Quesada, M C Porrero, Ben Pascoe, Jose L Sáez-Llorente, Gema L Orozco, Lucas Domínguez, Samuel K Sheppard
Pathogens in the genus Campylobacter are the most common cause of food-borne bacterial gastro-enteritis. Campylobacteriosis, caused principally by Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli , is transmitted to humans by food of animal origin, especially poultry. As for many pathogens, antimicrobial resistance in Campylobacter is increasing at an alarming rate. Erythromycin prescription is the treatment of choice for clinical cases requiring antimicrobial therapy but this is compromised by mobility of the erythromycin resistance gene erm (B) between strains...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
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