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heat shock protein and heart

Anastasia Mihailidou, Anthony Ashton
OBJECTIVE: Myocardial infarction (MI) continues to be a major burden of disease, despite rapid reperfusion interventions. Reperfusion of ischemic hearts (reperfusion injury) induces free radical generation, activation of early stress responses and apoptosis, which contributes to ventricular remodeling and dysfunction, which may lead to developing heart failure. Mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) antagonists have been shown clinically to reduce blood pressure, particularly in resistant hypertension, and substantially increase survival in heart failure...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Jinhua Sun, Yinglin Chen, Feiyue Qin, Xueting Guan, Wei Xu, Liangmei Xu
Interferons have attracted considerable attention due to their vital roles in the host immune response and low induction of antibiotic resistance. In this study, total RNA was extracted from spleen cells of chicken embryos inoculated with Newcastle disease vaccine, and the full-length chicken interferon-γ (ChIFN-γ) gene was amplified by RT-PCR. The full complementary DNA sequence of the ChIFN-γ gene was 495 bp long and was cloned into the prokaryotic expression vector pProEX™HTb . The plasmid was transformed into Escherichia coli DH5α and the expression of ChIFN-γ was induced by isopropyl β-D-1-thiogalactopyranoside...
October 17, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
Tahnee L Kennedy, Kristy Swiderski, Kate T Murphy, Stefan M Gehrig, Claire L Curl, Chanchal Chandramouli, Mark A Febbraio, Lea M D Delbridge, René Koopman, Gordon S Lynch
Duchenne muscular dystrophy is a severe and progressive striated muscle wasting disorder that leads to premature death from respiratory and/or cardiac failure. We have previously shown that treatment of young dystrophic mdx and dystrophin/utrophin null (dko) mice with BGP-15, a coinducer of heat shock protein 72, ameliorated the dystrophic pathology. We therefore tested the hypothesis that later-stage BGP-15 treatment would similarly benefit older mdx and dko mice when the dystrophic pathology was already well established...
October 14, 2016: American Journal of Pathology
Kirsten F Smit, Daniel Brevoord, Stefan De Hert, Bas A de Mol, Raphaela P Kerindongo, Susan van Dieren, Wolfgang S Schlack, Markus W Hollmann, Nina C Weber, Benedikt Preckel
BACKGROUND: The noble gas helium induces pre- and postconditioning in animals and humans. Volatile anesthetics induce cardioprotection in humans undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. We hypothesized that helium induces pre- and postconditioning in CABG-patients, affecting signaling molecules protein kinase C-epsilon (PKC-ε), p38 mitogen activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK), extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK-1/2) and heat shock protein 27 (HSP-27) within cardiac tissue, and reducing postoperative troponin levels...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Translational Medicine
Yanfen Cheng, Jiarui Sun, Hongbo Chen, Abdelnasir Adam, Shu Tang, Nicole Kemper, Jörg Hartung, Endong Bao
The present study aimed to analyze the expression levels and localizations of heat shock protein (HSP) 60 and HSP10 in the heart tissue of rats subjected to heat stress (42°C) for 0, 20, 80 and 100 min. Histopathological injuries and increased serum activities of serum lactate dehydrogenase and creatine kinase isoenzyme MB were detected in the heated rat myocardial cells. These results suggested that heat stress-induced acute degeneration may be sufficient to cause sudden death in animals by disrupting the function and permeability of the myocardial cell membrane...
October 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Qiuyue Kong, Leyang Dai, Yana Wang, Xiaojin Zhang, Chuanfu Li, Surong Jiang, Yuehua Li, Zhengnian Ding, Li Liu
Endothelial damage is a critical mediator of myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. HSPA12B is an endothelial-cell-specifically expressed heat shock protein. However, the roles of HSPA12B in acute myocardial I/R injury is unknown. Here we reported that myocardial I/R upregulated HSPA12B expression in ventricular tissues, and endothelial overexpression of HSPA12B in transgenic mice (Tg) limited infarct size, attenuated cardiac dysfunction and improved cardiomyocyte survival compared with their wild type littermates...
2016: Scientific Reports
Anastasia Mihailidou, Anthony Ashton
OBJECTIVE: Myocardial infarction (MI) continues to be a major burden of disease, despite rapid reperfusion interventions. Reperfusion of ischemic hearts (reperfusion injury) induces free radical generation, activation of early stress responses and apoptosis, which contributes to ventricular remodeling and dysfunction, which may lead to developing heart failure. Mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) antagonists have been shown clinically to reduce blood pressure, particularly in resistant hypertension, and substantially increase survival in heart failure...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Oliver R Gibson, James A Tuttle, Peter W Watt, Neil S Maxwell, Lee Taylor
Increased intracellular heat shock protein-72 (Hsp72) and heat shock protein-90α (Hsp90α) have been implicated as important components of acquired thermotolerance, providing cytoprotection during stress. This experiment determined the physiological responses characterising increases in Hsp72 and Hsp90α mRNA on the first and tenth day of 90-min heat acclimation (in 40.2 °C, 41.0 % relative humidity (RH)) or equivalent normothermic training (in 20 °C, 29 % RH). Pearson's product-moment correlation and stepwise multiple regression were performed to determine relationships between physiological [e...
August 11, 2016: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Sue Goo Rhee, In Sup Kil
Mitochondria produce hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) during energy metabolism in most mammalian cells as well as during the oxidation of cholesterol associated with the synthesis of steroid hormones in steroidogenic cells. Some of the H2O2 produced in mitochondria is released into the cytosol, where it serves as a key regulator of various signaling pathways. Given that mitochondria are equipped with several H2O2-eliminating enzymes, however, it had not been clear how mitochondrial H2O2 can escape destruction by these enzymes for such release...
August 4, 2016: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Cunjin Wu, Shijie Guo, Yuanjie Niu, Limin Yang, Bainian Liu, Ning Jiang, Ming Su, Lin Wang
Accumulating evidence has established that periodontitis was an independent risk factor for coronary heart disease (CAD). Porphyromonus gingivalis (P. gingivalis), a major periodontal pathogen, has already been shown to have a significant role in the inflammatory response of CAD in vivo. The aim of the present study was to identify whether P. gingivalis heat-shock protein 60 (HSP60) induced the dysfunction of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) in vitro. HUVECs were stimulated with a range of P...
August 2016: Biomedical Reports
Z Y Chen, W W Zhang, J K Gan, L N Kong, X Q Zhang, D X Zhang, Q B Luo
Studying thermotolerance is important for the prevention of thermostress in chickens. This study aimed to analyze the effect of mutations in the heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) gene on chicken thermotolerance. The C.-69A>G SNP in the 5'-flanking region of the HSP70 gene was genotyped in Lingshan and White Recessive Rock (WRR) chickens. Association of this SNP with thermotolerance traits revealed it to be significantly associated with CD4+/CD8+, and potentially associated with heterophil-to-lymphocyte ratio in WRR chickens exposed to thermoneutral temperature (15°C)...
2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Raquel García, David Merino, Jenny M Gómez, J Francisco Nistal, María A Hurlé, Aitziber L Cortajarena, Ana V Villar
The pathological remodeling heart shows an increase in left ventricular mass and an excess of extracellular matrix deposition that can over time cause heart failure. Transforming growth factor β (TGFβ) is the main cytokine controlling this process. The molecular chaperone heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) has been shown to play a critical role in TGFβ signaling by stabilizing the TGFβ signaling cascade. We detected extracellular Hsp90 in complex with TGFβ receptor I (TGFβRI) in fibroblasts and determined a close proximity between both proteins suggesting a potential physical interaction between the two at the plasma membrane...
October 2016: Cellular Signalling
Su Youn Cho, Youn Sun Roh, Hee Tae Roh
[Purpose] The present study investigated the effects of wearing germanium-coated functional clothing on tympanic temperature, thermal sensation, heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70), and lactate during endurance exercise. [Subjects and Methods] Nine healthy and untrained male subjects were enrolled. Subjects ran for 60 min on a treadmill (75% heart rate reserve) in the following 2 tests: 1) control test (wearing conventional clothing) and 2) experimental test (wearing germanium-coated functional clothing). During each test, the tympanic temperature and thermal sensation were measured, and blood samples were collected immediately before exercise and immediately after exercise...
June 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Qurrat Ul Ain, Jong Hwan Lee, Young Sun Woo, Yong-Hee Kim
Protein drugs have attracted considerable attention as therapeutic agents due to their diversity and biocompatibility. However, hydrophilic proteins possess difficulty in penetrating lipophilic cell membrane. Although protein transduction domains (PTDs) have shown effectiveness in protein delivery, the importance of selection and position of PTDs in recombinant protein vector constructs has not been investigated. This study intends to investigate the significance of PTD selection and position for therapeutic protein delivery...
September 2016: Archives of Pharmacal Research
Farzaneh G Tahrir, Tijana Knezevic, Manish K Gupta, Jennifer Gordon, Joseph Y Cheung, Arthur M Feldman, Kamel Khalili
Mitochondrial abnormalities impact the development of myofibrillar myopathies. Therefore, understanding the mechanisms underlying the removal of dysfunctional mitochondria from cells is of great importance toward understanding the molecular events involved in the genesis of cardiomyopathy. Earlier studies have ascribed a role for BAG3 in the development of cardiomyopathy in experimental animals leading to the identification of BAG3 mutations in patients with heart failure which may play a part in the onset of disease development and progression...
July 6, 2016: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Alisha M Kuhlenhoelter, Kyoungrae Kim, Dustin Neff, Yaohui Nie, A Nicole Blaize, Brett J Wong, Shihuan Kuang, Julianne Stout, Qifan Song, Timothy P Gavin, Bruno T Roseguini
Heat therapy has been shown to promote capillary growth in skeletal muscle and in the heart in several animal models, but the effects of this therapy on angiogenic signaling in humans are unknown. We evaluated the acute effect of lower body heating (LBH) and unilateral thigh heating (TH) on the expression of angiogenic regulators and heat shock proteins (HSPs) in healthy young individuals. Exposure to LBH (n = 18) increased core temperature (Tc) from 36.9 ± 0.1 to 37.4 ± 0.1°C (P < 0.01) and average leg skin temperature (Tleg) from 33...
August 1, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Megan T Quintana, Traci L Parry, Jun He, Cecelia C Yates, Tatiana N Sidorova, Katherine T Murray, James R Bain, Christopher B Newgard, Michael J Muehlbauer, Samuel C Eaton, Akinori Hishiya, Shin Takayama, Monte S Willis
The Bcl2-associated anthanogene (BAG) 3 protein is a member of the BAG family of cochaperones, which supports multiple critical cellular processes, including critical structural roles supporting desmin and interactions with heat shock proteins and ubiquitin ligases intimately involved in protein quality control. The missense mutation P209L in exon 3 results in a primarily cardiac phenotype leading to skeletal muscle and cardiac complications. At least 10 other Bag3 mutations have been reported, nine resulting in a dilated cardiomyopathy for which no specific therapy is available...
August 2016: American Journal of Pathology
Xiaohong Wang, Haitao Gu, Wei Huang, Jiangtong Peng, Yutian Li, Liwang Yang, Dongze Qin, Kobina Essandoh, Yigang Wang, Tianqing Peng, Guo-Chang Fan
Decreased heat shock protein (Hsp) expression in type 1 and type 2 diabetes has been implicated as a primary factor contributing to diabetes-induced organ damage. We recently showed that diabetic cardiomyocytes could release detrimental exosomes, which contain lower levels of Hsp20 than normal ones. To investigate whether such detrimental exosomes could be modified in cardiomyocytes by raising Hsp20 levels to become protective, we used a transgenic (TG) mouse model with cardiac-specific overexpression of Hsp20...
October 2016: Diabetes
Leo E Otterbein, Roberta Foresti, Roberto Motterlini
Understanding the processes governing the ability of the heart to repair and regenerate after injury is crucial for developing translational medical solutions. New avenues of exploration include cardiac cell therapy and cellular reprogramming targeting cell death and regeneration. An attractive possibility is the exploitation of cytoprotective genes that exist solely for self-preservation processes and serve to promote and support cell survival. Although the antioxidant and heat-shock proteins are included in this category, one enzyme that has received a great deal of attention as a master protective sentinel is heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), the rate-limiting step in the catabolism of heme into the bioactive signaling molecules carbon monoxide, biliverdin, and iron...
June 10, 2016: Circulation Research
Yifan Chen, Aminul Islam
There remains controversy over whether individuals with sickle cell trait (SCT) are vulnerable to health risks during physical activity in high temperatures. We examined thermoregulatory and stress-related responses to heat exposure in SCT and wild-type (WT) mice. No significant differences in core temperature (Tc) were observed between SCT and WT mice during heat exposure. There was no correlation between peak Tc during heat exposure and levels of hemoglobin S in SCT mice. Basal levels of circulating inflammatory and stress-related markers were not significantly different between SCT and WT mice...
July 2016: Blood Cells, Molecules & Diseases
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