keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

electrolytes in icu patients

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630246/ominous-triad-triggered-by-high-dose-glucocorticosteroid-therapy
#1
Sarah Bär, Fritz Daudel, Thomas Zueger
Glucocorticosteroids (CS) play a key role in the treatment of numerous diseases. Nonetheless, they can be accompanied by several adverse effects. We present the case of a 51-year-old woman who was treated with high-dose CS for a relapse of her multiple sclerosis. After 5 days of treatment, the patient developed severe diabetic ketoacidosis, hypertriglyceridemia and acute pancreatitis-a potentially life-threatening triad which has previously been described, in our case, however, for the first time as a complication of CS therapy...
June 18, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625255/-effect-of-vitamin-d3-on-the-severity-and-prognosis-of-patients-with-sepsis-a-prospective-randomized-double-blind-placebo-study
#2
Fulai Ding, Bin Zang, Jiahong Fu, Kaiqiang Ji
OBJECTIVE: To observe the relationship between vitamin D3 and the severity as well as prognosis in patients with sepsis, and to explore whether exogenous vitamin D3 can improve the prognosis in patients with sepsis. METHODS: A prospective randomized double-blind placebo study was conducted. Fifty-seven patients with sepsis admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of Shengjing Hospital Affiliated to China Medical University from March to November in 2015 were enrolled...
February 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591973/-the-application-of-internal-iliac-artery-balloon-occlusion-in-pernicious-placenta-previa
#3
Xiao-Rong Qi, Xing-Hui Liu, Yong You, Xiao-Dong Wang, Rong Zhou, Ai-Yun Xing, Li Zhang, Gang Ning, Fu-Min Zhao, Kai-Ming Li
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical application value of internal iliac artery balloon occlusion in pernicious placenta previa. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of the patients of pernicious placenta previa in a single center from Jan, 2010 to Jan, 2015. The patients were divided into two groups, internal iliac artery balloon occlusion group and the control group without endovascular intervention. Blood loss in operation, volume of transfused blood products, caesarean hysterectomy, operating time, hospital days after operation and postoperative morbidity were compared between the two groups...
July 2016: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553133/inter-instrumental-comparison-for-the-measurement-of-electrolytes-in-patients-admitted-to-the-intensive-care-unit
#4
Vivek Pant, Arjun Tumbapo, Bipin Karki
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether benchtop auto-analyzers (AAs) and arterial blood gas (ABG) analyzers, for measuring electrolyte levels of patients admitted to intensive care units (ICU), are equal and whether they can be used interchangeably. MATERIALS AND METHOD: This study was conducted on 98 patients admitted to the ICU of the Institute of Medicine, Kathmandu, Nepal between 15 October and 15 December 2016. The sample for AA was collected from the peripheral vein through venipuncture, and that for ABG analyzer was collected from radial artery simultaneously...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535742/electrolyte-disturbances-in-critically-ill-cancer-patients-an-endocrine-perspective
#5
Maryam I Khan, R Phillip Dellinger, Steven G Waguespack
Electrolyte disturbances are frequently encountered in critically ill oncology patients. Hyponatremia and hypernatremia as well as hypocalcemia and hypercalcemia are among the most commonly encountered electrolyte abnormalities. In the intensive care unit, management of critical electrolyte disturbances is focused on initial evaluation and immediate treatment plan to prevent severe complications. A PubMed search was performed to identify best available evidence for evaluation and management of dysnatremias, hypocalcemia, and hypercalcemia...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482382/-application-of-improved-regional-citrate-anticoagulation-in-continuous-hemofiltration-in-children
#6
K Bai, C J Liu, Y Q Fu, F Xu
Objective: To investigate the application of regional citrate anticoagulation with calcium hemofiltration basic solution in continuous hemofiltration in children. Method: The clinical data of 18 patients with citrate anticoagulation in continuous hemofiltration in children, excluding the hepatic failure and septic shock cases, were analyzed retrospectively, from September 2015 to August 2016 in Intensive Care Unit of the Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University.The commercial calcium hemofiltration basic solution was used as displacement liquid ...
May 4, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478880/neurologic-intensive-care-unit-electrolyte-management
#7
REVIEW
Craig Hutto, Mindy French
Dysnatremia is a common finding in the intensive care unit (ICU) and may be a predictor for mortality and poor clinical outcomes. Depending on the time of onset (ie, on admission vs later in the ICU stay), the incidence of dysnatremias in critically ill patients ranges from 6.9% to 15%, respectively. The symptoms of sodium derangement and their effect on brain physiology make early recognition and correction paramount in the neurologic ICU. Hyponatremia in brain injured patients can lead to life-threatening conditions such as seizures and may worsen cerebral edema and contribute to alterations in intracranial pressure...
June 2017: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446775/delivering-prolonged-intensive-care-to-a-non-human-primate-a-high-fidelity-animal-model-of-critical-illness
#8
P Guillaume Poliquin, Mia Biondi, Charlene Ranadheera, Mable Hagan, Alexander Bello, Trina Racine, Mark Allan, Duane Funk, Gregory Hansen, B J Hancock, Murray Kesselman, Todd Mortimer, Anand Kumar, Shane Jones, Anders Leung, Allen Grolla, Kaylie N Tran, Kevin Tierney, Xiangguo Qiu, Darwyn Kobasa, James E Strong
Critical care needs have been rising in recent decades as populations age and comorbidities increase. Sepsis-related admissions to critical care contribute up to 50% of volume and septic shock carries a 35-54% fatality rate. Improvements in sepsis-related care and mortality would have a significant impact of a resource-intensive area of health care delivery. Unfortunately, research has been hampered by the lack of an animal model that replicates the complex care provided to humans in an intensive care unit (ICU)...
April 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406814/pilot-feasibility-study-of-therapeutic-hypothermia-for-moderate-to-severe-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#9
Donald F Slack, Douglas S Corwin, Nirav G Shah, Carl B Shanholtz, Avelino C Verceles, Giora Netzer, Kevin M Jones, Clayton H Brown, Michael L Terrin, Jeffrey D Hasday
OBJECTIVES: Prior studies suggest hypothermia may be beneficial in acute respiratory distress syndrome, but cooling causes shivering and increases metabolism. The objective of this study was to assess the feasibility of performing a randomized clinical trial of hypothermia in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome receiving treatment with neuromuscular blockade because they cannot shiver. DESIGN: Retrospective study and pilot, prospective, open-label, feasibility study...
July 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377295/frequency-of-medical-emergency-team-activation-prior-to-pediatric-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation
#10
Natalie Jayaram, Maya L Chan, Fengming Tang, Christopher S Parshuram, Paul S Chan
BACKGROUND: Medical Emergency Teams (METs) are designed to respond to signs of clinical decline in order to prevent cardiopulmonary arrest and reduce mortality. The frequency of MET activation prior to pediatric cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is unknown. METHODS: Within the Get With The Guidelines-Resuscitation Registry (GWTG-R), we identified children with bradycardia or cardiac arrest requiring CPR on the general inpatient or telemetry floors from 2007 to 2013...
June 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347943/the-association-between-sodium-fluctuations-and-mortality-in-surgical-patients-requiring-intensive-care
#11
Dominic C Marshall, Justin D Salciccioli, Ross J Goodson, Marco A Pimentel, Kristi Y Sun, Leo Anthony Celi, Joseph Shalhoub
PURPOSE: Serum sodium derangement is the most common electrolyte disturbance among patients admitted to intensive care. This study aims to validate the association between dysnatremia and serum sodium fluctuation with mortality in surgical intensive care patients. METHOD: We performed a retrospective analysis of the Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care II database. Dysnatremia was defined as a sodium concentration outside physiologic range (135-145mmol/L) and subjects were categorized by severity of dysnatremia and sodium fluctuation...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322757/impaired-clinical-utility-of-sequential-patient-gem-blood-gas-measurements-associated-with-calibration-schedule
#12
George S Cembrowski, Qian Xu, Adam R Cembrowski, Junyi Mei, Hossein Sadrzadeh
BACKGROUND: Within- and/or between-instrument variation may falsely indicate patient trends or obscure real trends. We employ a methodology that transforms sequential intra-patient results into estimates of biologic and analytic variation. We previously derived realistic biologic variation (sb) of blood gas (BG) and hematology analytes. We extend this methodology to derive the imprecision of two GEM 4000 BG analyzers. METHODS: A laboratory data repository provided arterial BG, electrolyte and metabolite results generated by two GEM 4000s on ICU patients in 2012-2013...
March 18, 2017: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244719/thiamin-and-folic-acid-deficiency-accompanied-by-resistant-electrolyte-imbalance-in-the-re-feeding-syndrome-in-an-elderly-patient
#13
Sibel Ocak Serin, Gulsah Karaoren, Yildiz Okuturlar, Ethem Unal, Seda Ahci, Eda Karakoc, Sema Ucak Basat
INTRODUCTION: Re-feeding Syndrome (RS) is a deadly complication, which can be encountered during "refeeding" of malnourished patients. In these patients, thiamin deficiency may develop and "risk awareness" is the most significant factor in the management of these patients. In this case report, the treatment is presented of an elderly patient who was diagnosed with RS and followed-up in the intensive care unit (ICU) due to resistant fluidelectrolyte imbalance. CASE: An 87-year-old elderly woman was admitted to the hospital due to aspiration pneumonia...
March 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241247/peritoneal-dialysis-vs-furosemide-for-prevention-of-fluid-overload-in-infants-after-cardiac-surgery-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
David M Kwiatkowski, Stuart L Goldstein, David S Cooper, David P Nelson, David L S Morales, Catherine D Krawczeski
Importance: Fluid overload after congenital heart surgery is frequent and a major cause of morbidity and mortality among infants. Many programs have adopted the use of peritoneal dialysis (PD) for fluid management; however, its benefits compared with those of traditional diuretic administration are unknown. Objective: To determine whether infants randomized to PD vs furosemide for the treatment of oliguria have a higher incidence of negative fluid balance on postoperative day 1, as well as avoidance of 10% fluid overload; shorter duration of mechanical ventilation, intensive care unit stay, and inotrope use; and fewer electrolyte abnormalities...
April 1, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229241/acquired-prolongation-of-qt-interval-as-a-risk-factor-for-torsade-de-pointes-ventricular-tachycardia-a-narrative-review-for-the-anesthesiologist-and-intensivist
#15
REVIEW
Arsen Uvelin, Jasmina Pejaković, Vesna Mijatović
More than 70% of intensive care unit (ICU) patients experience heart rhythm disturbances, and these patients have correspondingly higher mortality rates. Consequently, one of the standards of care in ICUs is continuous electrocardiography monitoring. One of the potentially preventable dysrhythmic events is the occurrence of torsade de pointes ventricular tachycardia in the setting of acquired prolonged QT interval. This type of ventricular tachycardia can be malignant because it often progresses to ventricular fibrillation...
June 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205121/effect-of-n-acetylcysteine-on-mortality-and-liver-transplantation-rate-in-non-acetaminophen-induced-acute-liver-failure-a-multicenter-study
#16
MULTICENTER STUDY
Samar K Darweesh, Mona F Ibrahim, Mahmoud A El-Tahawy
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: Previous studies and systematic reviews have not provided conclusive evidence on the effect of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) in non-acetaminophen-induced acute liver failure (NAI-ALF). We aimed to study the value of intravenous NAC in reducing liver transplantation and mortality in NAI-ALF. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a prospective, multicenter, observational study, acute liver failure patients without clinical or historical evidence of acetaminophen overdose were enrolled...
May 2017: Clinical Drug Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197045/experiences-with-continuous-venovenous-hemofiltration-using-18mmol-l-predilution-citrate-anticoagulation-and-a-phosphate-containing-replacement-solution
#17
Yuen Henry Jeffrey, Shum Hoi-Ping, Anne Leung Kit Hung, Lam Chung-Ling, Yan Wing-Wa, Lai King-Yiu
CONTEXT: Regional citrate anticoagulation for continuous renal replacement therapy is associated with a longer filter-life, less bleeding events and improved mortality. Problems associated with using Prismocitrate 10/2 solution in continuous renal replacement therapy, include hypomagnesemia, hypophosphatemia and the need for additional bicarbonate infusion. AIMS: This study uses the new Prismocitrate 18/0 solution for improved buffer balance and Phoxilium solution for a more favourable electrolyte profile...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190439/neurologic-complications-of-polytrauma
#18
R M Jha, L Shutter
Neurologic complications in polytrauma can be classified by etiology and clinical manifestations: neurovascular, delirium, and spinal or neuromuscular problems. Neurovascular complications include ischemic strokes, intracranial hemorrhage, or the development of traumatic arteriovenous fistulae. Delirium and encephalopathy have a reported incidence of 67-92% in mechanically ventilated polytrauma patients. Causes include sedation, analgesia/pain, medications, sleep deprivation, postoperative state, toxic ingestions, withdrawal syndromes, organ system dysfunction, electrolyte/metabolic abnormalities, and infections...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190433/seizures-in-the-critically-ill
#19
REVIEW
J Ch'ang, J Claassen
Critically ill patients with seizures are either admitted to the intensive care unit because of uncontrolled seizures requiring aggressive treatment or are admitted for other reasons and develop seizures secondarily. These patients may have multiorgan failure and severe metabolic and electrolyte disarrangements, and may require complex medication regimens and interventions. Seizures can be seen as a result of an acute systemic illness, a primary neurologic pathology, or a medication side-effect and can present in a wide array of symptoms from convulsive activity, subtle twitching, to lethargy...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149822/a-profile-of-metabolic-acidosis-in-patients-with-sepsis-in-an-intensive-care-unit-setting
#20
Kartik Ganesh, R N Sharma, Jaicob Varghese, M G K Pillai
CONTEXT: Metabolic acidosis is frequently found in patients with severe sepsis. An understanding of types of acidosis in sepsis and their evolution over the course of treatment may give us insight into the behavior of acid-base balance in these patients. AIMS: To describe at Intensive Care Unit (ICU) admission and over the first 5 days the composition of metabolic acidosis in patients with sepsis and to evaluate and compare acidosis patterns in survivors and nonsurvivors...
October 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
keyword
keyword
44267
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"