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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475165/non-acidic-1-3-4-trisubstituted-pyrazole-derivatives-as-lonazolac-analogs-with-promising-cox-2-selectivity-anti-inflammatory-activity-and-gastric-safety-profile
#1
Khaled R A Abdellatif, Wael A A Fadaly, Yaseen A M M Elshaier, Waleed A M Ali, Gehan M Kamel
Twelve new compounds of 1,3,4-trisubstituted-pyrazole derivatives possessing two cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) pharmacophoric moieties (SO2 Me or/and SO2 NH2 ) 11a-c, 12a-c, 13a-c and 14a-c were designed and synthesized to be evaluated for their COX inhibition, anti-inflammatory activity, ulcerogenic liability. All compounds were more selective for COX-2 isozyme and showed good in vivo anti-inflammatory activity. The bisaminosulphonyl derivatives (14a-c) were the most COX-2 selective compounds (S.I. = 9.87, 9...
February 16, 2018: Bioorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475140/the-prognostic-relevance-of-sentinel-lymph-node-metastases-assessed-by-phgr1-mrna-quantification-in-stage-i-to-iii-colon-cancer
#2
Satu Oltedal, Hartwig Kørner, Ole Gunnar Aasprong, Israr Hussain, Kjersti Tjensvoll, Rune Smaaland, Jon Arne Søreide, Kjetil Søreide, Ragnhild A Lothe, Reino Heikkilä, Bjørnar Gilje, Oddmund Nordgård
BACKGROUND: Regional lymph node (LN) metastasis is a strong and well-established prognostic factor in colon cancer, and recent data suggest a prognostic value of detecting micrometastases and isolated tumor cells in regional LNs. The aim of the study was to investigate the clinical relevance of detecting sentinel lymph node (SLN) metastases in colon cancer patients by measuring the novel metastasis marker PHGR1 mRNA. METHODS: Using quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction, we measured PHGR1 mRNA levels in SLNs and primary tumors from 206 patients surgically treated for stage I to III colon cancer and 52 normal LNs from patients undergoing surgery for benign colon diseases...
February 20, 2018: Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474992/anatomical-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-used-for-glenohumeral-osteoarthritis-has-higher-survival-rates-than-hemiarthroplasty-a-nordic-registry-based-study
#3
Jeppe V Rasmussen, Randi Hole, Trygve Metlie, Stig Brorson, Ville Äärimaa, Yilmaz Demir, Björn Salomonsson, Steen L Jensen
OBJECTIVE: To report the10-year survival rates of different shoulder arthroplasty types used for glenohumeral osteoarthritis. DESIGN: Data from 2004-2013 was prospectively collected by the national shoulder arthroplasty registers in Denmark, Norway and Sweden and merged into a harmonized dataset under the umbrella of the Nordic Arthroplasty Register Association. The common dataset included data that all three registers could deliver and where consensus regarding definitions could be made...
February 20, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474971/pre-diagnosis-use-of-statins-associates-with-increased-survival-times-of-patients-with-pancreatic-cancer
#4
Tsuyoshi Hamada, Natalia Khalaf, Chen Yuan, Vicente Morales-Oyarvide, Ana Babic, Jonathan A Nowak, Zhi Rong Qian, Kimmie Ng, Douglas A Rubinson, Peter Kraft, Edward L Giovannucci, Meir J Stampfer, Charles S Fuchs, Shuji Ogino, Brian M Wolpin
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Statin medications, most commonly prescribed to reduce lipid levels and prevent cardiovascular disease, may be associated with longer survival times of patients with cancer. However, the association of statins with outcomes of patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma is not clear. METHODS: We analyzed the association of statin use before a diagnosis of pancreatic cancer with survival times of 648 participants in the Nurses' Health Study and Health Professionals Follow-up Study who were diagnosed with pancreatic adenocarcinoma from 2000 through 2013...
February 20, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474901/arachidonic-acid-metabonomics-study-for-understanding-therapeutic-mechanism-of-huo-luo-xiao-ling-dan-on-rat-model-of-rheumatoid-arthritis
#5
Nannan Wang, Xiaoning Zhao, Jiaxin Huai, Yiran Li, Congcong Cheng, Kaishun Bi, Ronghua Dai
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Huo Luo Xiao Ling Dan (HLXLD), a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), is commonly used for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). AIM OF THE STUDY: To explore the potential therapeutic mechanism of HLXLD on anti-inflammatory activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A metabolomic approach based on UFLC-MS/MS to profile arachidonic acid (AA) metabolic changes was used. The cyclooxygenase (COX) and lipoxygenase (LOX) catalyzed metabolites in plasma were quantified on 7, 14, 21, and 28 days after the rats injected with Complete Freund's adjuvant and orally administrated with HLXLD, methotrexate and dexamethasone in parallel as the positive control drugs...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474870/improving-revised-international-prognostic-scoring-system-ipss-r-pre-allogeneic-stem-cell-transplant-does-not-translate-into-better-post-transplant-outcomes-for-patients-with-myelodysplastic-syndromes-a-single-center-experience
#6
Musa Alzahrani, Maryse Power, Yasser Abou Mourad, Michael Barnett, Raewyn Broady, Donna Forrest, Alina Gerrie, Donna Hogge, Stephen Nantel, David Sanford, Kevin Song, Heather Sutherland, Cynthia Toze, Thomas Nevill, Sujaatha Narayanan
BACKGROUND: The natural history of patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) is variable. The revised international prognostic score (IPSS-R) is commonly used in practice to predict outcome in patients with MDS both at diagnosis and pre-transplant. However the effect of change in IPSS-R pre-allogeneic stem cell transplant with chemotherapy or hypomethylating agents on post-transplant outcomes is currently unknown. AIM: We assessed if improvement in IPSS-R prognostic score pre HSCT would result in improvement in clinical outcomes post-transplant...
February 20, 2018: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474820/effects-of-two-doses-of-anti-t-lymphocyte-globulin-fresenius-given-after-full-match-sibling-stem-cell-transplantation-in-acute-myeloblastic-leukemia-patients-who-underwent-myeloablative-fludarabine-busulfan-conditioning
#7
Can Boga, Mahmut Yeral, Ciğdem Gereklioglu, Suheyl Asma, Erkan Maytalman, Pelin Aytan, Ilknur Kozanoglu, Cagla Sariturk, Hakan Ozdogu
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Anti-T lymphocyte globulin Fresenius (rATG-F; ATG-Fresenius) and antithymocyte globulin (thymoglobulin), which are included in transplant protocols, are used to reduce the risk of chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) or suppress allograft rejection. Available clinical studies have been conducted in heterogenous patient populations and with different administration protocols including stem cell sources. Additionally, the pharmacokinetics of ATG is variable, and the clinically effective dose of rATG-F, in particular, is not exactly known...
February 20, 2018: Hematology/oncology and Stem Cell Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474531/subtherapeutic-infliximab-trough-levels-and-complete-mucosal-healing-are-associated-with-sustained-clinical-remission-after-infliximab-cessation-in-paediatric-onset-crohn-s-disease-patients-treated-with-combined-immunosuppressive-therapy
#8
Ben Kang, So Yoon Choi, Young Ok Choi, Min-Ji Kim, Kyunga Kim, Ji-Hyuk Lee, Yon Ho Choe
Background and aims: We aimed to investigate the outcome in paediatric-onset Crohn's disease patients who had discontinued infliximab after maintaining clinical remission with combined immunosuppression, and to determine factors associated with clinical relapse. Methods: We conducted a retrospective observational study of 63 paediatric-onset Crohn's disease patients who had stopped scheduled infliximab during sustained corticosteroid-free clinical remission for at least 1 year with infliximab and azathioprine, and were followed up for at least 1 year thereafter...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474498/joint-association-between-body-fat-and-its-distribution-with-all-cause-mortality-a-data-linkage-cohort-study-based-on-nhanes-1988-2011
#9
Bin Dong, Yang Peng, Zhiqiang Wang, Odewumi Adegbija, Jie Hu, Jun Ma, Ying-Hua Ma
OBJECTIVE: Although obesity is recognized as an important risk of mortality, how the amount and distribution of body fat affect mortality risk is unclear. Furthermore, whether fat distribution confers any additional risk of mortality in addition to fat amount is not understood. METHODS: This data linkage cohort study included 16415 participants (8554 females) aged 18 to 89 years from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III (1988-1994) and its linked mortality data (31 December 2011)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474418/pattern-of-risks-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-among-patients-using-statins-a-cohort-study-with-the-clinical-practice-research-datalink
#10
Hilda J I de Jong, Jan Willem Cohen Tervaert, Arief Lalmohamed, Frank de Vries, Rob J Vandebriel, Henk van Loveren, Olaf H Klungel, Tjeerd P van Staa
We examined the association between statin use and the risk of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), with special focus on describing the patterns of risks of RA during statin exposure in a large population-based cohort in the United Kingdom. In the Clinical Practice Research Datalink, patients aged ≥40 years with at least one prescription of statins (1995-2009) were selected, and matched by age (+/-5 years), sex, practice and date of first prescription of statins to non-users. The follow-up period of statin use was divided into periods of current, recent and past exposure, with patients moving between these three exposure categories over time...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474284/pelvic-organ-prolapse-and-urinary-incontinence-in-women-after-bariatric-surgery-5-year-follow-up
#11
Iwona Gabriel, Ali Tavakkoli, Vatche A Minassian
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine if weight loss surgery is associated with decreased prevalence of urinary incontinence (UI) and pelvic organ prolapse (POP) symptoms. METHODS: A survey was conducted among previously morbidly obese women who underwent bariatric surgery at Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston from 2007 to 2015. In addition to the Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory 20, we collected demographic and clinical data including symptoms of and treatment for UI and POP before surgery...
March 2018: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474231/clinical-and-serological-predictors-of-suicide-in-schizophrenia-and-major-mood-disorders
#12
Faith Dickerson, Andrea Origoni, Lucy A B Schweinfurth, Cassie Stallings, Christina L G Savage, Kevin Sweeney, Emily Katsafanas, Holly C Wilcox, Sunil Khushalani, Robert Yolken
Persons with serious mental illness are at high risk for suicide, but this outcome is difficult to predict. Serological markers may help to identify suicide risk. We prospectively assessed 733 persons with a schizophrenia spectrum disorder, 483 with bipolar disorder, and 76 with major depressive disorder for an average of 8.15 years. The initial evaluation consisted of clinical and demographic data as well as a blood samples from which immunoglobulin G antibodies to herpes viruses and Toxoplasma gondii were measured...
March 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474110/chronic-azithromycin-use-in-cystic-fibrosis-and-risk-of-treatment-emergent-respiratory-pathogens
#13
Jonathan D Cogen, Frankline Onchiri, Julia Emerson, Ronald L Gibson, Lucas R Hoffman, David P Nichols, Margaret Rosenfeld
RATIONALE: Azithromycin has been shown to improve lung function and reduce the number of pulmonary exacerbations in cystic fibrosis patients. Concerns remain, however, regarding the potential emergence of treatment-related respiratory pathogens. OBJECTIVES: To determine if chronic azithromycin use (defined as thrice weekly administration) is associated with increased rates of detection of eight specific respiratory pathogens. METHODS: We performed a new-user, propensity-score matched retrospective cohort study utilizing data from the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation Patient Registry...
February 23, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473992/radical-prostatectomy-and-the-effect-of-close-surgical-margins-results-from-the-search-database
#14
Christine Herforth, Sean P Stroup, Zinan Chen, Lauren E Howard, Stephen J Freedland, Daniel M Moreira, Martha K Terris, William J Aronson, Matthew R Cooperberg, Christopher L Amling, Christopher J Kane
OBJECTIVE: Positive surgical margins (PSM) after radical prostatectomy (RP) are a significant predictor of biochemical failure and possible disease progression. Close surgical margins (CSM) however represent a diagnostic challenge for surgeons. We sought to evaluate the biochemical recurrence (BCR) patterns among men undergoing RP with specimens having negative, positive, and close surgical margins from the Shared Equal Access Regional Cancer Hospital (SEARCH) cohort. METHODS: Men undergoing RP between 1988 and 2015 with known final pathologic margin status were evaluated...
February 23, 2018: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473967/importance-of-wide-re-resection-in-adult-spermatic-cord-sarcomas-report-on-oncologic-outcomes-at-a-single-institution
#15
Katie S Murray, Emily A Vertosick, Massimiliano Spaliviero, Joseph W Mashni, Daniel D Sjoberg, Kaled M Alektiar, Harry W Herr, Paul Russo, Jonathan A Coleman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the effect of re-resection with wide margins (undertaken because initial resection performed elsewhere was incomplete) on survival in patients with spermatic cord sarcoma (SCS). METHODS: After excluding those with metastatic disease and those not undergoing surgical intervention, the records of 72 consecutive patients treated for SCS between 1981 and 2011 at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center were reviewed. Recurrence-free survival (RFS) and cancer-specific survival were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method for comparing between the 48 patients who underwent wide re-resection (WRR) within 5 months of diagnosis and the 24 who did not...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473892/gender-differences-in-the-association-between-dietary-pattern-and-the-incidence-of-hypertension-in-middle-aged-and-older-adults
#16
SuJin Song, Jiwon Kim, Jihye Kim
We examined gender differences in the association between dietary patterns and the risk of hypertension, using the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study data. A total of 5090 participants (2457 men and 2633 women) aged 40-69 years without hypertension at baseline were selected. Dietary patterns were obtained using factor analysis based on 26 food groups, evaluated by a validated semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire at baseline. Hypertension was defined as systolic blood pressure ≥ 140 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure ≥ 90 mmHg, or the use of antihypertensive medication using the biennial measurements...
February 23, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473656/%C3%AE-synuclein-snca-but-not-dynamin-3-dnm3-influences-age-at-onset-of-leucine-rich-repeat-kinase-2-lrrk2-parkinson-s-disease-in-spain
#17
Rubén Fernández-Santiago, Alicia Garrido, Jon Infante, Isabel González-Aramburu, María Sierra, Manel Fernández, Francesc Valldeoriola, Esteban Muñoz, Yaroslau Compta, María-José Martí, José Ríos, Eduardo Tolosa, Mario Ezquerra
OBJECTIVES: A recent study showed that Arab-Berbers GG homozygous at rs2421947(C/G) in the dynamin 3 gene (DNM3) had 12.5 years earlier age at onset of leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2)-associated Parkinson's disease (PD) (L2PD). We explored whether this variant modulates the L2PD age at onset in Spain. METHODS: We genotyped rs2421947 in 329 participants (210 L2PD patients, 119 L2PD nonmanifesting p.G2019S carriers), and marker rs356219 (A/G) in the α-synuclein gene (SNCA)...
February 23, 2018: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473397/-background-psychiatric-readmission-often-constitutes-a-criterion-to-assess-the-effects-of-various-therapies-as-well-as-the-impact-of-organizational-changes-in-the-healthcare-system-it-is-used-to-characterize-relapse-or-decompensation-the-purpose-of-this-study
#18
Laurent Plancke, Alina Amariei, Clara Flament, Chloé Dumesnil
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric readmission often constitutes a criterion to assess the effects of various therapies, as well as the impact of organizational changes in the healthcare system. It is used to characterize relapse or decompensation. The purpose of this study was to determine readmission rates and identify individual and organizational factors associated with significant variations in these rates. METHODS: Adult psychiatric readmissions were identified from the full-time hospital stays registered in psychiatric wards in 2011-2012 in the Nord and Pas-de-Calais departments of France, available in the medical the RimP psychiatric admission database...
January 30, 2018: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473333/risk-factors-and-survival-outcomes-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-and-lung-metastasis-a-population-based-study
#19
Weikai Xiao, Shaoquan Zheng, Peng Liu, Yutian Zou, Xinhua Xie, Ping Yu, Hailin Tang, Xiaoming Xie
The risk factors for morbidity and mortality in breast cancer lung metastases (BCLM) patients still remain poorly identified. The aim of this study was to assess the incidence and survival of BCLM and associated risk factors. Patients with BCLM were identified from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the risk factors for BCLM. Predictors of factors associated with death were analyzed in Cox regression and Fine and Gray's test...
February 23, 2018: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473226/infiltrative-lamina-propria-invasion-pattern-as-an-independent-predictor-for-cancer-specific-and-overall-survival-of-instillation-treatment-na%C3%A3-ve-stage-t1-high-grade-urothelial-bladder-cancer
#20
Wolfgang Otto, Bas Wg van Rhijn, Johannes Breyer, Simone Bertz, Markus Eckstein, Roman Mayr, Eva M Lausenmeyer, Stefan Denzinger, Maximilian Burger, Arndt Hartmann
OBJECTIVES: To investigate established prognostic factors and relatively new histopathological tumor characteristics including metric substage and lamina propria invasion patterns in a large series of T1 high-grade non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer. METHODS: Between 1989 and 2012, 322 patients with initial stage T1 high-grade bladder cancer underwent transurethral resection, followed by re-transurethral resection and a conservative approach with follow-up regime alone or instillation treatment...
February 22, 2018: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
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