Read by QxMD icon Read

fiber type switching

Valentina Taglietti, Giovanni Maroli, Solei Cermenati, Stefania Monteverde, Andrea Ferrante, Giuliana Rossi, Giulio Cossu, Monica Beltrame, Graziella Messina
Sox6 belongs to the Sox gene family and plays a pivotal role in fiber type differentiation, suppressing transcription of slow-fiber-specific genes during fetal development. Here, we show that Sox6 plays opposite roles in MyHC-I regulation, acting as a positive and negative regulator of MyHC-I expression during embryonic and fetal myogenesis, respectively. During embryonic myogenesis, Sox6 positively regulates MyHC-I via transcriptional activation of Mef2C, whereas during fetal myogenesis, Sox6 requires and cooperates with the transcription factor Nfix in repressing MyHC-I expression...
November 22, 2016: Cell Reports
Joschka Bauer, Daniel Schaal, Lukas Eisoldt, Kristian Schweimer, Stephan Schwarzinger, Thomas Scheibel
Dragline silk is the most prominent amongst spider silks and comprises two types of major ampullate spidroins (MaSp) differing in their proline content. In the natural spinning process, the conversion of soluble MaSp into a tough fiber is, amongst other factors, triggered by dimerization and conformational switching of their helical amino-terminal domains (NRN). Both processes are induced by protonation of acidic residues upon acidification along the spinning duct. Here, the structure and monomer-dimer-equilibrium of the domain NRN1 of Latrodectus hesperus MaSp1 and variants thereof have been investigated, and the key residues for both could be identified...
September 29, 2016: Scientific Reports
Feng Pan, Jing-Yi Mi, Yan Zhang, Xiao-Yun Pan, Yong-Jun Rui
The failure to accept reinnervation is considered to be one of the reasons for the poor motor functional recovery of intrinsic hand muscles (IHMs) after nerve injury. Rat could be a suitable model to be used in simulating motor function recovery of the IHMs after nerve injury as to the similarities in function and anatomy of the muscles between human and rat. However, few studies have reported the muscle fiber types composition and endplate morphologic characteristics of intrinsic forepaw muscles (IFMs) in the rat...
June 2016: Journal of Muscle Research and Cell Motility
Duo Zhang, Yan Li, Xuan Yao, Hui Wang, Lei Zhao, Haowen Jiang, Xiaohan Yao, Shengjie Zhang, Cheng Ye, Wei Liu, Hongchao Cao, Shuxian Yu, Yu-Cheng Wang, Qiong Li, Jingjing Jiang, Yi Liu, Ling Zhang, Yun Liu, Naoharu Iwai, Hui Wang, Jingya Li, Jia Li, Xihua Li, Zi-Bing Jin, Hao Ying
Understanding the fiber-type specification and metabolic switch in skeletal muscle provides insights into energy metabolism in physiology and diseases. Here, we show that miR-182 is highly expressed in fast-twitch muscle and negatively correlates with blood glucose level. miR-182 knockout mice display muscle loss, fast-to-slow fiber-type switching, and impaired glucose metabolism. Mechanistic studies reveal that miR-182 modulates glucose utilization in muscle by targeting FoxO1 and PDK4, which control fuel selection via the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDHC)...
July 19, 2016: Cell Reports
Alexander E Hramov, Alexey A Koronovskii, Olga I Moskalenko, Maksim O Zhuravlev, Rider Jaimes-Reategui, Alexander N Pisarchik
We propose a method for the detection and localization of different types of coexisting oscillatory regimes that alternate with each other leading to multistate intermittency. Our approach is based on consideration of wavelet spectrum energies. The proposed technique is tested in an erbium-doped fiber laser with four coexisting periodic orbits, where external noise induces intermittent switches between the coexisting states. Statistical characteristics of multistate intermittency, such as the mean duration of the phases for every oscillation type, are examined with the help of the developed method...
May 2016: Physical Review. E
H H Chen, J Lu, Y F Guan, S J Li, T T Hu, Z S Xie, F Wang, X H Peng, X Liu, X Xu, F P Zhao, B L Yu, X P Li
Estrogen is related with the low morbidity associated with obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAS) in women, but the underlying mechanisms remain largely unknown. In this study, we examined the relationship between OSAS and estrogen related receptor-α (ERR-α). We found that the expression levels of ERR-α and Myh7 were both downregulated in palatopharyngeal tissues from OSAS patients. In addition, we report that ERR-α is dynamically expressed during differentiation of C2C12 myoblasts. Knockdown of ERR-α via instant siRNA resulted in reduced expression of Myh7, but not Myh4...
2016: Scientific Reports
Robert R Salzler, Darshit Shah, Anthony Doré, Roy Bauerlein, Lawrence Miloscio, Esther Latres, Nicholas J Papadopoulos, William C Olson, Douglas MacDonald, Xunbao Duan
Pharmacologic blockade of the myostatin (Mstn)/activin receptor pathway is being pursued as a potential therapy for several muscle wasting disorders. The functional benefits of blocking this pathway are under investigation, in particular given the findings that greater muscle hypertrophy results from Mstn deficiency arising from genetic ablation compared to post-developmental Mstn blockade. Using high-resolution MS coupled with SILAC mouse technology, we quantitated the relative proteomic changes in gastrocnemius muscle from Mstn knockout (Mstn(-/-) ) and mice treated for 2-weeks with REGN1033, an anti-Mstn antibody...
July 2016: Proteomics
Eric J Zaccone, TinaMarie Lieu, Yukiko Muroi, Carl Potenzieri, Blair E Undem, Peisong Gao, Liang Han, Brendan J Canning, Bradley J Undem
The effect of respiratory tract viral infection on evoked cough in guinea pigs was evaluated. Guinea pigs were inoculated intranasally with either parainfluenza type 3 (PIV3) and cough was quantified in conscious animals. The guinea pigs infected with PIV3 (day 4) coughed nearly three times more than those treated with the viral growth medium in response to capsaicin, citric acid, and bradykinin. Since capsaicin, citric acid, and bradykinin evoked coughing in guinea pigs can be inhibited by drugs that antagonize the transient receptor potential cation channel, subfamily V, member 1 (TRPV1), it was reasoned that the virally-induced hypertussive state may involve alterations in TPRV1 activity...
2016: PloS One
Hyeon-Ju Jeong, Hye-Jin Lee, Tuan Anh Vuong, Kyu-Sil Choi, Dahee Choi, Sung-Hoi Koo, Sung Chun Cho, Hana Cho, Jong-Sun Kang
Maintenance of skeletal muscle function is critical for metabolic health and the disruption of which exacerbates many chronic diseases such as obesity and diabetes. Skeletal muscle responds to exercise or metabolic demands by a fiber-type switch regulated by signaling-transcription networks that remains to be fully defined. Here, we report that protein arginine methyltransferase 7 (Prmt7) is a key regulator for skeletal muscle oxidative metabolism. Prmt7 is expressed at the highest levels in skeletal muscle and decreased in skeletal muscles with age or obesity...
July 2016: Diabetes
Chi-Chang Huang, Ting Wang, Yu-Tang Tung, Wan-Teng Lin
The protein deacetylase sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) and activate peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ coactivator-1α (PGC-1α) pathway drives the muscular fiber-type switching, and can directly regulate the biophysiological functions of skeletal muscle. To investigate whether 12-week swimming exercise training modulates the SIRT1/PGC-1α pathway associated proteins expression in rats of different age. Male 3-month-old (3M), 12-month-old (12M) and 18-month-old (18M) Sprague-Dawley rats were used and assigned to sedentary control (C) or 12-week swimming exercise training (E) and divided into six groups: 3MC (n = 8), 12MC (n = 6), 18MC (n = 8), 3ME (n = 8), 12ME (n = 5) and 18ME (n = 6)...
2016: International Journal of Medical Sciences
Chiara Ippolito, Rocchina Colucci, Cristina Segnani, Mariella Errede, Francesco Girolamo, Daniela Virgintino, Amelio Dolfi, Erika Tirotta, Piero Buccianti, Giulio Di Candio, Daniela Campani, Maura Castagna, Gabrio Bassotti, Vincenzo Villanacci, Corrado Blandizzi, Nunzia Bernardini
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Intestinal fibrosis is a complication of inflammatory bowel disease [IBD]. Although fibrostenosis is a rare event in ulcerative colitis [UC], there is evidence that a fibrotic rearrangement of the colon occurs in the later stages. This is a retrospective study aimed at examining the histopathological features of the colonic wall in both short-lasting [SL] and long-lasting [LL] UC. METHODS: Surgical samples of left colon from non-stenotic SL [≤ 3 years, n = 9] and LL [≥ 10 years, n = 10] UC patients with active disease were compared with control colonic tissues from cancer patients without UC [n = 12] to assess: collagen and elastic fibres by histochemistry; vascular networks [CD31/CD105/nestin] by immunofluorescence; parameters of fibrosis [types I and III collagen, fibronectin, RhoA, alpha-smooth muscle actin [α-SMA], desmin, vimentin], and proliferation [proliferating nuclear antigen [PCNA]] by western blot and/or immunolabelling...
October 2016: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
Henry G Zot, Javier E Hasbun, Clara A Michell, Maicon Landim-Vieira, Jose R Pinto
Higher affinity for TnI explains how troponin C (TnC) carrying a causative hypertrophic cardiomyopathy mutation, TnC(A8V), sensitizes muscle cells to Ca(2+). Muscle fibers reconstituted with TnC(A8V) require ∼2.3-fold less [Ca(2+)] to achieve 50% maximum-tension compared to fibers reconstituted with wild-type TnC (TnC(WT)). Binding measurements rule out a significant change in N-terminus Ca(2+)-affinity of isolated TnC(A8V), and TnC(A8V) binds the switch-peptide of troponin-I (TnI(sp)) ∼1.6-fold more strongly than TnC(WT); thus we model the TnC-TnI(sp) interaction as competing with the TnI-actin interaction...
July 1, 2016: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Anna Rocchi, Carmelo Milioto, Sara Parodi, Andrea Armirotti, Doriana Borgia, Matteo Pellegrini, Anna Urciuolo, Sibilla Molon, Valeria Morbidoni, Manuela Marabita, Vanina Romanello, Pamela Gatto, Bert Blaauw, Paolo Bonaldo, Fabio Sambataro, Diane M Robins, Andrew P Lieberman, Gianni Sorarù, Lodovica Vergani, Marco Sandri, Maria Pennuto
Spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy (SBMA) is a neuromuscular disease caused by the expansion of a polyglutamine tract in the androgen receptor (AR). The mechanism by which expansion of polyglutamine in AR causes muscle atrophy is unknown. Here, we investigated pathological pathways underlying muscle atrophy in SBMA knock-in mice and patients. We show that glycolytic muscles were more severely affected than oxidative muscles in SBMA knock-in mice. Muscle atrophy was associated with early-onset, progressive glycolytic-to-oxidative fiber-type switch...
July 2016: Acta Neuropathologica
Andrew D Ray, Kirkwood E Personius, David L Williamson, Cory M Dungan, Samjot S Dhillon, Pamela A Hershberger
Recent data support an important role for vitamin D in respiratory health. We tested the hypothesis that dietary vitamin D3 (VD3) intake modulates diaphragm (DIA) strength. Four-week-old female A/J mice (n = 10/group) were randomized to receive diets containing 100 IU VD3/kg (low), 1,000 IU VD3/kg (reference), or 10,000 IU VD3/kg (pharmacologic). After 6 wk of dietary intervention, plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25D3) levels, DIA and extensor digitorum longus (EDL) in vitro contractile properties, and fiber cross-sectional area (CSA) were measured...
May 15, 2016: Journal of Applied Physiology
Xuetao Gan, Yadong Wang, Fanlu Zhang, Chenyang Zhao, Biqiang Jiang, Liang Fang, Dongying Li, Hao Wu, Zhaoyu Ren, Jianlin Zhao
We report a graphene-assisted all-optical control of a fiber Bragg grating (FBG), which enables in-fiber optical bistability and switching. With an optical pump, a micro-FBG wrapped by graphene evolves into chirped and phase-shifted FBGs, whose characteristic wavelengths and bandwidths could be controlled by the pump power. Optical bistability and multistability are achieved in the controlled FBG based on a shifted Bragg reflection or Fabry-Perot-type resonance, which allow the implementation of optical switching with an extinction ratio exceeding 20 dB and a response time in tens of milliseconds...
February 1, 2016: Optics Letters
Yuanfei Zhang, Changsheng Yang, Can Li, Zhouming Feng, Shanhui Xu, Huaqiu Deng, Zhongmin Yang
A linearly frequency-modulated, actively Q-switched, single-frequency ring fiber laser based on injection seeding from an ultra-short cavity is demonstrated at 1083 nm. A piezoelectric transducer is employed to obtain linearly frequency-modulating performance and over 1.05 GHz frequency-tuning range is achieved with a modulating frequency reaching tens of kilohertz. A maximum peak power of the stable output pulse is over 3.83 W during frequency-modulating process. This type of pulsed fiber laser provides a promising candidate for coherent LIDAR in the measurement of thermosphere...
February 22, 2016: Optics Express
Usha Chakravarty, Antony Kuruvilla, Ravindra Singh, B N Upadhyaya, K S Bindra, S M Oak
We report on the generation of 41.6 W of average output power from a passively Q-switched ytterbium-doped fiber laser using Cr4+:YAG crystal as a saturable absorber (SA). This is the highest average power from passively Q-switched fiber lasers reported so far in the literature, to our knowledge, and it has been achieved by using a specially designed T-type double-end pumping configuration. Variation in average output power, pulse energy, pulse duration, pulse frequency, and pulse-to-pulse stability has also been studied using SAs of different linear transmissions...
January 10, 2016: Applied Optics
Leonardo Y Tanaka, Haniel A Araújo, Gustavo K Hironaka, Thaís L S Araujo, Celso K Takimura, Andres I Rodriguez, Annelise S Casagrande, Paulo S Gutierrez, Pedro Alves Lemos-Neto, Francisco R M Laurindo
Whole-vessel remodeling critically determines lumen caliber in vascular (patho)physiology, and it is reportedly redox-dependent. We hypothesized that the cell-surface pool of the endoplasmic reticulum redox chaperone protein disulfide isomerase-A1 (peri/epicellular=pecPDI), which is known to support thrombosis, also regulates disease-associated vascular architecture. In human coronary atheromas, PDI expression inversely correlated with constrictive remodeling and plaque stability. In a rabbit iliac artery overdistension model, there was unusually high PDI upregulation (≈25-fold versus basal, 14 days postinjury), involving both intracellular and pecPDI...
March 2016: Hypertension
Bilsev Ince, Abdullah Arslan, Mehmet Dadaci, Pembe Oltulu, Fatma Bilgen
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to determine the effect of different application timings of hyperbaric oxygen treatment (HBO) on nerve regeneration in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of forty 12-week-old female Wistar albino rats were used. The sciatic nerve was transected. The nerve ends were then realigned and repaired using standard microsurgical techniques. Animals were randomly assigned to four groups: 1) No hyperbaric oxygen, sectioned and repaired; 2) HBO started at postoperative first hour, sectioned and repaired; 3) HBO started at postoperative first week, sectioned, and repaired; and 4) HBO started at postoperative second week, sectioned, and repaired...
October 2016: Microsurgery
Loretta L Del Mercato, Maria Moffa, Rosaria Rinaldi, Dario Pisignano
On page 6417, L. L. del Mercato, D. Pisignano, and co-workers report a new type of 3D nanostructured pH-sensing organic fiber with embedded ratiometric fluorescent capsules. Upon proton-induced switching, the fibers undergo optical changes that are recorded by fluorescence detectors and correlated to the analyte concentration. The developed electrospinning fabrication approach is facile and versatile and enables the creation of sensitive and highly robust pH-sensing 3D scaffolds for environmental monitoring and biomedical applications, including tissue engineering and wound healing...
December 2015: Small
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"