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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900923/tissue-specificity-soce-implications-for-ca-2-handling-in-endothelial-cells
#1
Lothar A Blatter
Many cellular functions of the vascular endothelium are regulated by fine-tuned global and local, microdomain-confined changes of cytosolic free Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)]i). Vasoactive agonist-induced stimulation of vascular endothelial cells (VECs) typically induces Ca(2+) release through IP3 receptor Ca(2+) release channels embedded in the membrane of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) Ca(2+) store, followed by Ca(2+) entry from the extracellular space elicited by Ca(2+) store depletion and referred to as capacitative or store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE)...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893841/endogenous-signalling-pathways-and-caged-ip3-evoke-ca-2-puffs-at-the-same-abundant-immobile-intracellular-sites
#2
Michael V Keebler, Colin W Taylor
The building blocks for intracellular Ca(2+) signals evoked by inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors (IP3Rs) are Ca(2+) puffs, transient focal increases in Ca(2+) concentration that reflect the opening of a small clusters of IP3Rs. We use total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy and automated analyses to detect Ca(2+) puffs in human embryonic kidney 293 cells evoked by photolysis of caged-IP3 or activation of endogenous muscarinic receptors with carbachol. Ca(2+) puffs evoked by carbachol initiated at an estimated 65 ± 7 sites/cell, and the sites remained immobile for many minutes...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890423/liposome-encapsulated-diacyl-glycerol-and-inositol-triphosphate-induced-delayed-oocyte-activation-and-poor-development-of-parthenotes
#3
Ramya Nair, Jyothsna Manikkath, Aswathi R Hegde, Srinivas Mutalik, Guruprasad Kalthur, Satish Kumar Adiga
OBJECTIVE: To explore the ability of diacyl glycerol (DAG) and inositol triphosphate (IP3), two major secondary messengers in the calcium signaling pathway, in activating oocytes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Oocyte cumulus complex obtained from superovulated Swiss albino mice were incubated in M16 medium with liposome-encapsulated 1,2-Dipalmitoyl-sn-glycerol (LEDAG) and/or IP3 for 3 h. Strontium chloride was used as positive control. The activation potential, ploidy status, and blastocyst rate was calculated...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877931/prostaglandin-e2-inhibits-histamine-evoked-ca2-release-in-human-aortic-smooth-muscle-cells-through-hyperactive-camp-signalling-junctions-and-protein-kinase-a
#4
Emily J A Taylor, Evangelia Pantazaka, Kathryn L Shelley, Colin W Taylor
In human aortic smooth muscle cells (ASMC), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) stimulates adenylyl cyclase (AC) and attenuates the increase in intracellular free Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)]i) evoked by activation of histamine H1 receptors. The mechanisms are not resolved. We show that cAMP mediates inhibition of histamine-evoked Ca(2+) signals by PGE2 Exchange proteins activated by cAMP (EPACs) were not required, but the effects were attenuated by inhibition of cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA). PGE2 had no effect on the Ca(2+) signals evoked by protease-activated receptors, heterologously expressed muscarinic M3 receptors, or by direct activation of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) receptors by photolysis of caged IP3 The rate of Ca(2+) removal from the cytosol was unaffected by PGE2, but PGE2 attenuated histamine-evoked IP3 accumulation...
September 6, 2017: Molecular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877214/direct-versus-indirect-actions-of-ghrelin-on-hypothalamic-npy-neurons
#5
Hiroshi Hashiguchi, Zhenyu Sheng, Vanessa Routh, Volodymyr Gerzanich, J Marc Simard, Joseph Bryan
OBJECTIVES: Assess direct versus indirect action(s) of ghrelin on hypothalamic NPY neurons. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Electrophysiology was used to measure ion channel activity in NPY-GFP neurons in slice preparations. Ca2+ imaging was used to monitor ghrelin activation of isolated NPY GFP-labeled neurons. Immunohistochemistry was used to localize Trpm4, SUR1 and Kir6.2 in the hypothalamus. RESULTS: Acylated ghrelin depolarized the membrane potential (MP) of NPY-GFP neurons in brain slices...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875264/gas-phase-stability-of-negatively-charged-organophosphate-metabolites-produced-by-electrospray-ionization-and-matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization
#6
Daiki Asakawa, Hajime Mizuno, Toshimasa Toyo'oka
The formation mechanisms of singly and multiply charged organophosphate metabolites by electrospray ionization (ESI) and their gas phase stabilities were investigated. Metabolites containing multiple phosphate groups, such as adenosine 5'-diphosphate (ADP), adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP), and D-myo-inositol-1,4,5-triphosphate (IP3) were observed as doubly deprotonated ions by negative-ion ESI mass spectrometry. Organophosphates with multiple negative charges were found to be unstable and often underwent loss of PO3(-), although singly deprotonated analytes were stable...
September 5, 2017: Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865023/drebrins-and-connexins-a-biomedical-perspective
#7
Irina V Majoul, Justus S Ernesti, Eugenia V Butkevich, Rainer Duden
In this chapter we summarize knowledge on the role of drebrin in cell-cell communications. Specifically, we follow drebrin-connexin-43 interactions and drebrin behavior at the cell-cell interface described earlier. Drebrin is a part of the actin cytoskeleton which is a target of numerous bacteria and viruses invading mammalian cells. Drebrin phosphorylation, self-inhibition and transition between filaments, particles, and podosomes underlie cellular mechanisms involved in diseases and cognitive disorders. Cytoskeletal rearrangements influence the state of gap junction contacts which regulate cell signaling and metabolic flow of information across cells in tissues...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860142/novel-therapeutic-roles-for-surfactant-inositols-and-phosphatidylglycerols-in-a-neonatal-piglet-ards-model-a-translational-study
#8
Dietmar Spengler, Supandi Winoto-Morbach, Sarah Kupsch, Christina Vock, Katharina Blöchle, Susanna Frank, Nele Rintz, Marie Diekötter, Harshavardhan Janga, Markus Weckmann, Sabine Fuchs, Andra B Schromm, Heinz Fehrenbach, Stefan Schütze, Martin F Krause
The biological and immune-protective properties of surfactant-derived phospholipids and phospholipid-subfractions in the context of neonatal inflammatory lung disease are widely unknown. Using a porcine neonatal triple-hit ARDS model (repeated airway lavage, overventilation, LPS instillation into airways), we assessed whether the supplementation of surfactant (poractant alfa, S) with inositol-derivatives (inositol-1,2,6-trisphosphate, IP3; phosphatidylinositol-3,5-bisphosphate, PIP2) or phosphatidylglycerol-subfractions (16:0/18:1-POPG; 18:1/18:1-DOPG) would result in improved clinical parameters, and sought to characterize changes in key inflammatory pathways behind these improvements...
August 31, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844112/reactive-oxygen-species-produced-by-a-photodynamic-effect-induced-calcium-signal-in-neurons-and-astrocytes
#9
Maria Neginskaya, Elena Berezhnaya, Anatoly B Uzdensky, Andrey Y Abramov
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) leads to production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and cell destruction due to oxidative stress. We used photodynamic effect of photosensitizer radachlorin to unravel the effect of photo-induced oxidative stress on the calcium signal and lipid peroxidation in primary culture of cortical neurons and astrocytes using live cell imaging. We have found that irradiation in presence of 200 nM of radachlorin induces calcium signal in primary neurons and astrocytes. Photo-induced neuronal calcium signal depends on internal calcium stores as it was still observed in calcium-free medium and could be blocked by depletion of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stores with inhibitor of sarco-endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) ATPase (SERCA) thapsigargin...
August 26, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836161/control-of-neuronal-excitability-by-group-i-metabotropic-glutamate-receptors
#10
REVIEW
Ana Maria Bernal Correa, Jennifer Diniz Soares Guimarães, Everton Dos Santos E Alhadas, Christopher Kushmerick
Metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptors couple through G proteins to regulate a large number of cell functions. Eight mGlu receptor isoforms have been cloned and classified into three Groups based on sequence, signal transduction mechanisms and pharmacology. This review will focus on Group I mGlu receptors, comprising the isoforms mGlu1 and mGlu5. Activation of these receptors initiates both G protein-dependent and -independent signal transduction pathways. The G-protein-dependent pathway involves mainly Gαq, which can activate PLCβ, leading initially to the formation of IP3 and diacylglycerol...
August 23, 2017: Biophysical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803370/ip3-receptor-signaling-and-endothelial-barrier-function
#11
REVIEW
Mitchell Y Sun, Melissa Geyer, Yulia A Komarova
The endothelium, a monolayer of endothelial cells lining vessel walls, maintains tissue-fluid homeostasis by restricting the passage of the plasma proteins and blood cells into the interstitium. The ion Ca(2+), a ubiquitous secondary messenger, initiates signal transduction events in endothelial cells that is critical to control of vascular tone and endothelial permeability. The ion Ca(2+) is stored inside the intracellular organelles and released into the cytosol in response to environmental cues. The inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) messenger facilitates Ca(2+) release through IP3 receptors which are Ca(2+)-selective intracellular channels located within the membrane of the endoplasmic reticulum...
August 12, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800362/nucleotide-transmitters-atp-and-adp-mediate-intercellular-calcium-wave-communication-via-p2y12-13-receptors-among-bv-2-microglia
#12
Pengchong Jiang, Fulin Xing, Bu Guo, Jianyu Yang, Zheming Li, Wei Wei, Fen Hu, Imshik Lee, Xinzheng Zhang, Leiting Pan, Jingjun Xu
Nerve injury is accompanied by a liberation of diverse nucleotides, some of which act as 'find/eat-me' signals in mediating neuron-glial interplay. Intercellular Ca2+ wave (ICW) communication is the main approach by which glial cells interact and coordinate with each other to execute immune defense. However, the detailed mechanisms on how these nucleotides participate in ICW communication remain largely unclear. In the present work, we employed a mechanical stimulus to an individual BV-2 microglia to simulate localized injury...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792096/the-inositol-pyrophosphate-synthesis-pathway-in-trypanosoma-brucei-is-linked-to-polyphosphate-synthesis-in-acidocalcisomes
#13
Ciro D Cordeiro, Adolfo Saiardi, Roberto Docampo
Inositol pyrophosphates are novel signaling molecules possessing high-energy pyrophosphate bonds and involved in a number of biological functions. Here, we report the correct identification and characterization of the kinases involved in the inositol pyrophosphate biosynthetic pathway in Trypanosoma brucei: inositol polyphosphate multikinase (TbIPMK), inositol pentakisphosphate 2-kinase (TbIP5K) and inositol hexakisphosphate kinase (TbIP6K). TbIP5K and TbIP6K were not identifiable by sequence alone and their activities were validated by enzymatic assays with the recombinant proteins or by their complementation of yeast mutants...
August 9, 2017: Molecular Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780469/role-of-pannexin1-channels-in-the-resistance-of-i-10-testicular-cancer-cells-to-cisplatin-mediated-by-atp-ip3-pathway
#14
Dandan Wu, Jianfeng Wu, Haofeng Liu, Meiling Yu, Liang Tao, Shuying Dong, Xuhui Tong
Cisplatin (DDP) is the most commonly used drug in testicular cancer. However, drug resistance severely limits its clinical use and the underlying mechanisms need to be further clarified. The aim of present study was to investigate the role of ATP/IP3 pathway mediated by pannexin1 (Panx-1) channels on DDP-induced apoptosis and to reveal the potential mechanisms of DDP-resistance in testicular cancer. We found that the expression of Panx-1 in I-10/DDP cells (DDP-resistance) was decreased compared with parental I-10 cells determined by western blotting and immunofluorescence assay...
August 3, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758690/rearing-environment-dependent-hippocampal-local-field-potential-differences-in-wild-type-and-inositol-trisphosphate-receptor-type-2-knockout-mice
#15
Mika Tanaka, Xiaowen Wang, Katsuhiko Mikoshiba, Hajime Hirase, Yoshiaki Shinohara
KEY POINTS: Mice reared in an enriched environment are demonstrated to have larger hippocampal gamma oscillations than those reared in isolation, thereby confirming previous observations in rats. To test whether astrocytic Ca(2+) surges are involved in this experience-dependent LFP pattern modulation, we used inositol trisphosphate receptor type 2 (IP3 R2)-knockout (KO) mice, in which IP3 /Ca(2+) signalling in astrocytes is largely diminished. We found that this experience-dependent gamma power alteration persists in the KO mice...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751862/utp-gated-signaling-pathways-of-5-ht-release-from-bon-cells-as-a-model-of-human-enterochromaffin-cells
#16
Andromeda Liñán-Rico, Fernando Ochoa-Cortes, Alix Zuleta-Alarcon, Mazin Alhaj, Esmerina Tili, Josh Enneking, Alan Harzman, Iveta Grants, Sergio Bergese, Fievos L Christofi
Background: Enterochromaffin cells (EC) synthesize and release 5-HT and ATP to trigger or modulate gut neural reflexes and transmit information about visceral/pain sensation. Alterations in 5-HT signaling mechanisms may contribute to the pathogenesis of IBD or IBS, but the pharmacologic or molecular mechanisms modulating Ca(2+)-dependent 5-HT release are not understood. Previous studies indicated that purinergic signaling via ATP and ADP is an important mechanism in modulation of 5-HT release. However, EC cells also respond to UTP and UDP suggesting uridine triphosphate receptor and signaling pathways are involved as well...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747926/agonist-induced-activation-of-human-ffa1-receptor-signals-to-extracellular-signal-regulated-kinase-1-and-2-through-gq-and-gi-coupled-signaling-cascades
#17
Jing Qian, Yuyang Gu, Chun Wu, Feng Yu, Yuqi Chen, Jingmei Zhu, Xingyi Yao, Chen Bei, Qingqing Zhu
BACKGROUND: FFA1 is abundantly expressed in the liver, skeletal muscle, monocytes and nervous system, but is particularly abundant in pancreatic β cells. It is widely believed that FFA1 exerts its regulatory roles in a variety of physiological and pathological functions. In response to oleic acid, FFA1 has been shown to induce the activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 and 2 (ERK1/2) through a mechanism involving EGFR transactivation in a breast cancer cell line. However, the underlying molecular mechanism for ERK1/2 activation mediated by n-6 free fatty acid (LA) in HEK293 cells remains to be further elucidated...
2017: Cellular & Molecular Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731505/calcium-calmodulin-dependent-kinase-2-mediates-epac-induced-spontaneous-transient-outward-currents-in-rat-vascular-smooth-muscle
#18
Edward S A Humphries, Tomoko Kamishima, John M Quayle, Caroline Dart
KEY POINTS: The Ca(2+) and redox-sensing enzyme Ca(2+) /calmodulin-dependent kinase 2 (CaMKII) is a crucial and well-established signalling molecule in the heart and brain. In vascular smooth muscle, which controls blood flow by contracting and relaxing in response to complex Ca(2+) signals and oxidative stress, surprisingly little is known about the role of CaMKII. The vasodilator-induced second messenger cAMP can relax vascular smooth muscle via its effector, exchange protein directly activated by cAMP (Epac), by activating spontaneous transient outward currents (STOCs) that hyperpolarize the cell membrane and reduce voltage-dependent Ca(2+) influx...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731171/protective-role-of-pollen-typhae-total-flavone-against-the-palmitic-acid-induced-impairment-of-glucose-stimulated-insulin-secretion-involving-gpr40-signaling-in-ins-1-cells
#19
Xiao-Tao Feng, Hui-Ming Duan, Shuang-Lei Li
Prolonged elevated levels of free fatty acids (FFAs) contribute to the impairment of insulin secretion function of pancreatic β cells, a hallmark of type 2 diabetes, which is partly attributed to the dysfunction of G-protein-coupled receptor 40 (GPR40) signaling. Pollen Typhae total flavone (PTF), an extract from a Chinese herbal medicine named Pollen Typhae, has been reported to effectively treat type 2 diabetes, but the underlying mechanisms remain to be fully elucidated. In the present study, palmitic acid (PA), a saturated fatty acid, severely impaired glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) in a time-dependent manner in INS-1 cells, and PTF treatment prevented the impairment in a dose-dependent manner...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729872/plc-mediated-signaling-pathway-in-pollen-tubes-regulates-the-gametophytic-self-incompatibility-of-pyrus-species
#20
Haiyong Qu, Yaqin Guan, Yongzhang Wang, Shaolin Zhang
Among the Rosaceae species, the gametophytic self-incompatibility (GSI) is controlled by a single multi-allelic S locus, which is composed of the pistil-S and pollen-S genes. The pistil-S gene encodes a polymorphic ribonuclease (S-RNase), which is essential for identifying self-pollen. However, the S-RNase system has not been fully characterized. In this study, the self-S-RNase inhibited the Ca(2+)-permeable channel activity at pollen tube apices and the selectively decreased phospholipase C (PLC) activity in the plasma membrane of Pyrus pyrifolia pollen tubes...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
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