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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925120/factors-associated-with-the-use-of-motorcycle-helmets-in-two-colombian-cities
#1
Jorge Martín Rodríguez Hernández, Fredy Armindo Camelo Tovar, Liany Katerine Ariza Ruiz
The aim of this study was to identify the prevalence and some characteristics associated with the use of motorcycle helmets in two Colombian cities. The researcher used quantitative and qualitative techniques. The prevalence of the use of a motorcycle helmet among motorcyclists was greater in Ibague (98.1%) than in Valledupar (82.4%); among passengers in the city of Valledupar, it did not reach 2%. Men were 2.1 times more likely to wear helmets than women (IC 95:1.6-2.7). Using qualitative techniques, the factors explaining the reasons for use/non-use of helmets (being hygienic, climatic, esthetic and safety reasons) were identified for Valledupar...
December 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924808/avian-h11-influenza-virus-isolated-from-domestic-poultry-in-a-colombian-live-animal-market
#2
Pedro Jiménez-Bluhm, Erik A Karlsson, Karl A Ciuoderis, Valerie Cortez, Shauna A Marvin, Christopher Hamilton-West, Stacey Schultz-Cherry, Jorge E Osorio
Live animal markets (LAMs) are an essential source of food and trade in Latin American countries; however, they can also serve as 'hotbeds' for the emergence and potential spillover of avian influenza viruses (AIV). Despite extensive knowledge of AIV in Asian LAMs, little is known about the prevalence South American LAMs. To fill this gap in knowledge, active surveillance was carried out at the major LAM in Medellin, Colombia between February and September 2015. During this period, overall prevalence in the market was 2...
December 7, 2016: Emerging Microbes & Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919309/cost-utility-analysis-of-primary-prophylaxis-compared-with-on-demand-treatment-for-patients-with-severe-hemophilia-type-a-in-colombia
#3
Héctor Eduardo Castro Jaramillo, Mabel Moreno Viscaya, Aurelio E Mejia
OBJECTIVES: This article presents a cost-utility analysis from the Colombian health system perspective comparing primary prophylaxis to on-demand treatment using exogenous clotting factor VIII (FVIII) for patients with severe hemophilia type A. METHODS: We developed a Markov model to estimate expected costs and outcomes (measured as quality-adjusted life-years, QALYs) for each strategy. Transition probabilities were estimated using published studies; utility weights were obtained from a sample of Colombian patients with hemophilia and costs were gathered using local data...
December 6, 2016: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914883/validation-of-the-beck-hopelessness-scale-in-patients-with-suicide-risk
#4
German Eduardo Rueda-Jaimes, Vanessa Alexandra Castro-Rueda, Andrés Mauricio Rangel-Martínez-Villalba, Catalina Moreno-Quijano, Gustavo Adolfo Martinez-Salazar, Paul Anthony Camacho
INTRODUCTION: Only a few scales have been validated in Spanish for the assessment of suicide risk, and none of them have achieved predictive validity. OBJECTIVE: To determine the validity and reliability of the Beck Hopelessness Scale in patients with suicide risk attending the specialist clinic. METHODS: The Beck Hopelessness Scale, reasons for living inventory, and the suicide behaviour questionnaire were applied in patients with suicide risk attending the psychiatric clinic and the emergency department...
November 30, 2016: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903479/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-the-use-of-a-prophylactic-antibiotic-for-patients-undergoing-lower-limb-amputation-due-to-diabetes-or-vascular-illness-in-colombia
#5
REVIEW
Mateo Ceballos, Luis Esteban Orozco, Carlos Oliver Valderrama, Diana Isabel Londoño, Luz Helena Lugo
BACKGROUND: The use of a prophylactic antibiotic in an amputation surgery is a key element for the successful recovery of the patient. We aim to determine, from the perspective of the Colombian health system, the cost-effectiveness of administering a prophylactic antibiotic among patients undergoing lower limb amputation due to diabetes or vascular illness in Colombia. METHODS: A decision tree was constructed to compare the use and non-use of a prophylactic antibiotic...
November 26, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899111/plasmodium-malariae-in-the-colombian-amazon-region-you-don-t-diagnose-what-you-don-t-suspect
#6
Carlos Hernando Niño, Juan Ricardo Cubides, Paola Andrea Camargo-Ayala, Carlos Arturo Rodríguez-Celis, Teódulo Quiñones, Moisés Tomás Cortés-Castillo, Lizeth Sánchez-Suárez, Ricardo Sánchez, Manuel Elkin Patarroyo, Manuel Alfonso Patarroyo
BACKGROUND: Malaria is a worldwide public health problem; parasites from the genus Plasmodium spp. are the aetiological agent of this disease. The parasite is mainly diagnosed by microscope-based techniques. However, these have limited sensitivity. Many asymptomatic infections are sub-microscopic and can only be detected by molecular methods. This study was aimed at comparing nested PCR results to those obtained by microscope for diagnosing malaria and to present epidemiological data regarding malaria in Colombia's Amazon department...
November 29, 2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894282/health-related-quality-of-life-in-stroke-patients-questionnaire-short-version-hrqolisp-40-validation-for-its-use-in-colombia
#7
Yahira Rossini Guzmán Sabogal, Jorge Pla Vidal, Ricardo Sánchez Pedraza, Felipe Ortuño Sánchez-Pedreño, María Catalina Gómez Guevara
BACKGROUND: The health-related quality of life in stroke patients (HRQOLISP-40, short version) survey was developed in Nigeria and constitutes a 40-item, multidimensional, self-administrated questionnaire. We assessed the validity and reliability of the HRQOLISP-40 Spanish version for stroke patients in Colombia. METHODS: The analysis included factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, Rasch analysis, convergent validity, internal consistency (261 stroke patients), test-retest reliability (73 patients assessed at two different times) and sensitivity to change (46 patients assessed before and after a rehabilitation intervention)...
November 28, 2016: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889871/genetic-relationships-and-spatial-genetic-structure-among-populations-of-rhodnius-prolixus-hemiptera-reduviidae-in-colombia-and-venezuela-based-on-mitochondrial-cytochrome-b-sequences
#8
K P Luna-Marín, V M Angulo-Silva, J Hernández-Torres, M Ruiz-García
One hundred twenty Rhodnius prolixus (Stal) (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) specimens from 6 Colombian Departments and 1 Venezuelan State had 594-bp of the mitochondrial cytochrome-b gene sequenced to improve the understanding of evolutionary processes that shape the main vector of Chagas disease. The levels of genetic diversity for this species were low-medium with reference to other bugs. The genetic heterogeneity among the populations was very limited which means there has been extensive gene flow and/or very recent split processes...
November 26, 2016: Neotropical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889602/toxicity-evaluation-and-initial-characterization-of-the-venom-of-a-colombian-latrodectus-sp
#9
Alexandra Rueda, Emilio Realpe, Alfredo Uribe
The genus Latrodectus has not been studied in Colombia even though it is medically important worldwide; there are three species for the country, this study focused on a non-identified species found in the Tatacoa Desert in the Huila Department. This research is the first approximation to the extraction, composition analysis and toxicity evaluation of the venom of a species of the genus Latrodectus in Colombia; and aims to evaluate the toxicity by the initial characterization of its venom. The venom extraction was accomplished with electrostimulation and total protein concentration was determined by the Lowry method and BCA assays from crude venom; with these methods, high protein concentration of the samples was measured...
November 23, 2016: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887591/a-prospective-cohort-study-to-assess-seroprevalence-incidence-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-willingness-to-pay-for-vaccine-and-related-risk-factors-in-dengue-in-a-high-incidence-setting
#10
Ruth Aralí Martínez-Vega, Alfonso J Rodriguez-Morales, Yalil Tomás Bracho-Churio, Mirley Enith Castro-Salas, Fredy Galvis-Ovallos, Ronald Giovanny Díaz-Quijano, María Lucrecia Luna-González, Jaime E Castellanos, José Ramos-Castañeda, Fredi Alexander Diaz-Quijano
BACKGROUND: Dengue is one of the most important vector-borne diseases in the world, causing significant morbidity and economic impact. In Colombia, dengue is a major public health problem. Departments of La Guajira, Cesar and Magdalena are dengue endemic areas. The objective of this research is to determine the seroprevalence and the incidence of dengue virus infection in the participating municipalities from these Departments, and also establish the association between individual and housing factors and vector indices with seroprevalence and incidence...
November 25, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878501/human-health-impacts-of-exposure-to-metals-through-extreme-consumption-of-fish-from-the-colombian-caribbean-sea
#11
Fabio Fuentes-Gandara, José Pinedo-Hernández, José Marrugo-Negrete, Sergi Díez
The health risks of metal exposure due to the high consumption of fish were assessed for a riverine population living on the Caribbean coast of Colombia. The concentrations of metals (Cd, Cr, Cu, Hg, Ni, Pb and Zn) in the edible tissues of fish were determined and used for risk assessment. The daily fish consumption of residents (n = 95) was as high as 283, 366 and 469 g/day in children (CH), women of childbearing age (WCHA) and the remaining population groups (RP), respectively. The estimation of the potential risk (HQ) indicated that there was no health risk from most of the metals, because they did not exceed their related reference doses, with values of HQ < 1...
November 22, 2016: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876106/hubris-and-humility-effect-and-the-domain-masculine-intelligence-type-in-two-countries-colombia-and-the-uk
#12
Josephine Storek, Adrian Furnham
Spanish-speaking Colombian (n = 50) and English-speaking British (N = 52) adults completed a self-assessed intelligence measure that yielded a score on domain-masculine intelligence (DMIQ), a composite of mathematical/logical and spatial intelligences. They also completed a Sex Role inventory in order to establish their masculinity and femininity. Males in both countries gave significantly higher self-estimates (Colombia: Males 110.36, Females 100.75, d = .94; England: Males 114.37, Females 105.75, d = .86; both p < ...
November 23, 2016: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869396/-real-time-quantification-to-analyze-historical-colombian-samples-detecting-a-short-fragment-of-hypervariable-region-ii-of-mitochondrial-dna
#13
Luz Adriana Pérez, Freddy Rodríguez, Carl Henrik Langebaek, Helena Groot
Unlike other molecular biology studies, the analysis of ancient DNA (aDNA) requires special infrastructure and methodological conditions to guarantee the quality of the results. One of the main authenticity criteria is DNA quantification, where quantitative real-time PCR is often used given its sensitivity and specificity. Nevertheless, the implementation of these conditions and methodologies to fulfill authenticity criteria imply higher costs. Objective: To develop a simple and less costly method for mitochondrial DNA quantification suitable for highly degraded samples...
September 1, 2016: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869389/-suicide-mortality-in-colombia-and-m%C3%A3-xico-trends-and-impact-between-2000-and-2013
#14
Claudio Alberto Dávila, Ana Melisa Pardo
INTRODUCTION: Suicides are one of the main public health issues globally. Objective: To analyze the trends and impact of suicide mortality in Colombia and México between 2000 and 2013, nationally, by sex and age groups. Materials and methods: Mortality vital statistics from the Colombian Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadística and the Mexican Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía were used. We conducted a descriptive and cross sectional study for which we calculated standardized mortality rates and years of life lost in people between 0 and 100 years of age...
September 1, 2016: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869385/-phenotypic-and-molecular-characterization-of-a-colombian-family-with-phenylketonuria
#15
Nancy Gélvez, Johana Acosta, Greizy López, Derly Castro, Juan Carlos Prieto, Martha Bermúdez, Marta L Tamayo
Phenylketonuria is a metabolic disorder characterized by severe neurological involvement and behavioral disorder, whose early diagnosis enables an effective treatment to avoid disease sequelae, thus changing the prognosis. Objective: To characterize a family with phenylketonuria in Colombia at clinical, biochemical and molecular levels. Materials and methods: The population consisted of seven individuals of a consanguineous family with four children with suggestive symptoms of phenylketonuria. After signing an informed consent, blood and urine samples were taken for colorimetric tests and high performance liquid and thin layer chromatographies...
September 1, 2016: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869381/-analysis-of-adiposity-and-physical-fitness-in-young-colombian-students
#16
Constanza Palomino-Devia, Fernando Manuel Otero-Saborido, José Antonio González-Jurado
Body mass index and physical fitness are important markers of a healthy life style. Objective: To analyze adiposity and physical fitness in young students from public schools in Armenia, Colombia, and examine differences between sex and age groups. Materials and methods: We analyzed 1,150 students: 46.6% (n=536) males and 53.4% (n=614) females, with an age range of 10 to 20 years (15.45 ± 2.52). Physical fitness was evaluated by the Course-Navette test, the Horizontal Jump test, the 20-meter run test and the Sit-and-Reach test...
September 1, 2016: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27850895/1259-national-propofol-vial-handling-practices-results-from-a-colombian-cross-sectional-study
#17
Andres Zorrilla-Vaca, Tatiana Leon, Fredy Ariza
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848732/results-from-colombia-s-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#18
Silvia A González, Maria A Castiblanco, Luis F Arias-Gómez, Andrea Martinez-Ospina, Daniel D Cohen, Gustavo A Holguin, Adriana Almanza, Diana Marina Camargo Lemos, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Iván D Escobar, Johnattan García, Rocio Gámez, Mauricio Garzon, Yaneth Herazo Beltrán, Hernan Hurtado, Oscar Lozano, Diana C Páez, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Nubia Ruiz, Gustavo Tovar, Olga L Sarmiento
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) is vital to the holistic development of young people. Regular participation in PA is associated with substantial benefits for health, cognitive function, and social inclusion. Recognizing the potential of PA in the context of the current peace process in Colombia, the purpose of this article is to present the methodology and results of Colombia's second Report Card on PA for children and youth. METHODS: A group of experts on PA graded 14 PA indicators based on data from national surveys and policy documents...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847825/differential-item-functioning-of-the-psychological-domain-of-the-menopause-rating-scale
#19
Alvaro Monterrosa-Castro, Katherin Portela-Buelvas, Heidi C Oviedo, Edwin Herazo, Adalberto Campo-Arias
Introduction. Quality of life could be quantified with the Menopause Rating Scale (MRS), which evaluates the severity of somatic, psychological, and urogenital symptoms in menopause. However, differential item functioning (DIF) analysis has not been applied previously. Objective. To establish the DIF of the psychological domain of the MRS in Colombian women. Methods. 4,009 women aged between 40 and 59 years, who participated in the CAVIMEC (Calidad de Vida en la Menopausia y Etnias Colombianas) project, were included...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846258/the-prevalence-of-high-risk-hpv-types-and-factors-determining-infection-in-female-colombian-adolescents
#20
Luisa Del Río-Ospina, Sara Cecilia Soto-De León, Milena Camargo, Ricardo Sánchez, Cindy Lizeth Mancilla, Manuel Elkin Patarroyo, Manuel Alfonso Patarroyo
This study reports six HR-HPV types' infection prevalence discriminated by species and multiple infection in unvaccinated Colombian female adolescents, as well as some factors modulating the risk of infection. HPV DNA for six high-risk viral types was identified in cervical samples taken from 2,134 12-19 year-old females using conventional generic and type-specific PCR. Binomial logistical regression analysis was used for modelling HR-HPV infection and multiple infection risk. The interaction between variables in a stepwise model was also included in such analysis...
2016: PloS One
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