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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934175/the-role-of-body-adiposity-index-in-determining-body-fat-percentage-in-colombian-adults-with-overweight-or-obesity
#1
Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Katherine González-Ruíz, Alejandra Tordecilla-Sanders, Antonio García-Hermoso, Jacqueline Schmidt-RioValle, Emilio González-Jiménez
The aim of this study is to investigate the accuracy of body adiposity index (BAI) as a convenient tool for assessing body fat percentage (BF%) in a sample of adults with overweight/obesity using bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA). The study population was composed of 96 volunteers (60% female, mean age 40.6 ± 7.5 years old). Anthropometric characteristics (body mass index, height, waist-to-height ratio, hip and waist circumference), socioeconomic status, and diet were assessed, and BF% was measured by BIA-BF% and by BAI-BF%...
September 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929788/the-familial-and-the-familiar-locating-relatedness-in-colombian-donor-conception
#2
Malissa Kay Shaw
In this article, I explore how women undergoing in-vitro fertilization with familial or anonymous egg donors located relatedness with a donor-conceived child through familial and social identities. Recognizing gametes as substances that contain biological and sociocultural/behavioral traits, shaped women's narratives around interconnected notions of the familial and familiar, or the social understanding of biological and social inheritance, and knowledge of the genetic materials involved. Women's narratives of relatedness reflect their relationships with family and society and their desire to reproduce these relationships in their child(ren), a process that reproduces prevailing Colombian social values and notions of ideal citizens...
September 20, 2017: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923475/chemical-and-nano-mineralogical-study-for-determining-potential-uses-of-legal-colombian-gold-mine-sludge-experimental-evidence
#3
Nazly E Sánchez-Peña, José L Narváez-Semanate, Daniela Pabón-Patiño, Javier E Fernández-Mera, Marcos L S Oliveira, Kátia da Boit, Bernardo F Tutikian, Tito J Crissien, Diana C Pinto, Iván D Serrano, Claudia I Ayala, Ana L Duarte, José D Ruiz, Luis F O Silva
The present study is focused on the chemical and nano-mineralogical characterization of sludge from gold mine activities, in order to put forward diverse solution alternatives, where lack of knowledge has been found. The sample was collected from "La Estrella" mine of Suarez, located in Department of Cauca, south-west Colombia. The sludge micro-structure and chemical composition were analyzed using a high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM) equipped with a dispersive X-ray detector (EDS). X-ray diffraction technique was employed to identify the mineralogical phases present in the sludge...
August 26, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918144/short-communication-molecular-epidemiology-of-streptococcus-agalactiae-differs-between-countries
#4
J Reyes, M Chaffer, Juan Carlos Rodriguez-Lecompte, Javier Sánchez, Ruth N Zadoks, Natasha Robinson, Ximena Cardona, N Ramírez, G P Keefe
Group B Streptococcus or Streptococcus agalactiae continue to be challenging for milk quality programs in countries with emerging dairy industries, such as Colombia, where high prevalence has been reported. Molecular typing of isolates is needed to understand the variability and epidemiology of this pathogen and to develop effective control and eradication programs. We characterized the molecular profile of Strep. agalactiae isolated from cows with subclinical mastitis in 21 Colombian dairy herds and measured diversity within and between herds using multilocus sequence typing...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915811/strategies-for-the-quality-assessment-of-the-health-care-service-providers-in-the-treatment-of-gastric-cancer-in-colombia
#5
María Del Pilar Villamil, David Barrera, Nubia Velasco, Oscar Bernal, Esteban Fajardo, Carlos Urango, Sebastian Buitrago
BACKGROUND: While, at its inception in 1993, the health care system in Colombia was publicized as a paradigm to be copied across the developing world, numerous problems in its implementation have led to, what is now, an inefficient and crisis-ridden health system. Furthermore, as a result of inappropriate tools to measure the quality of the health service providers, several corruption scandals have arisen in the country. This study attempts to tackle this situation by proposing a strategy for the quality assessment of the health service providers (Entidades Promotoras de Salud, EPS) in the Colombian health system...
September 15, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913166/anisakidae-nematodes-isolated-from-the-flathead-grey-mullet-fish-mugil-cephalus-of-buenaventura-colombia
#6
Jenniffer Alejandra Castellanos, Andrés Ricardo Tangua, Liliana Salazar
Anisakiasis is a parasitic infection caused by larval stages of nematodes of the genus Anisakis, Pseudoterranova and Contracaecum, of the Anisakidae family. The lifecycle of these nematodes develops in aquatic organisms and their final hosts are marine mammals. However, humans can act as accidental hosts and become infected with infective stage larvae (L3) by consuming raw or undercooked fish or shellfish carrying the parasite. Of this group of parasites, the genus Anisakis is the most studied: its presence in humans is associated with non-specific gastrointestinal symptoms or allergic responses that can trigger anaphylactic shock...
December 2017: International Journal for Parasitology. Parasites and Wildlife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912838/phylogenomics-of-colombian-helicobacter-pylori-isolates
#7
Andrés Julián Gutiérrez-Escobar, Esperanza Trujillo, Orlando Acevedo, María Mercedes Bravo
BACKGROUND: During the Spanish colonisation of South America, African slaves and Europeans arrived in the continent with their corresponding load of pathogens, including Helicobacter pylori. Colombian strains have been clustered with the hpEurope population and with the hspWestAfrica subpopulation in multilocus sequence typing (MLST) studies. However, ancestry studies have revealed the presence of population components specific to H. pylori in Colombia. The aim of this study was to perform a thorough phylogenomic analysis to describe the evolution of the Colombian urban H...
2017: Gut Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911064/cancer-mortality-predictions-for-2017-in-latin-america
#8
G Carioli, C La Vecchia, P Bertuccio, T Rodriguez, F Levi, P Boffetta, E Negri, M Malvezzi
Background: From most recent available data, we predicted cancer mortality statistics in selected Latin American countries for the year 2017, with focus on lung cancer. Materials and methods: We obtained death certification data from the World Health Organization and population data from the Pan American Health Organization database for all neoplasms and selected cancer sites. We derived figures for Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Cuba, Mexico and Venezuela...
September 1, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902265/-model-for-a-risk-focused-approach-to-health-inspection-surveillance-and-control-in-colombia
#9
Álvaro Aroca, Javier Guzmán
Colombian Ministry of Health Resolution 1229 of 2013 established that health inspection, surveillance, and control (IVC, Spanish acronym) should be based on a risk-focused approach. In 2014 Colombia´s National Food and Drugs Surveillance Institute (INVIMA) designed and implemented a risk-based health surveillance model called IVC-SOA. This model measures the risks of drugs, medical devices, food, and cosmetics by taking into account three factors: severity of the product (S), occurrence of product failure (O), and the potentially affected population (A) - hence its name, SOA...
August 21, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902162/percentage-of-body-fat-and-fat-mass-index-as-a-screening-tool-for-metabolic-syndrome-prediction-in-colombian-university-students
#10
Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Alejandra Sanders-Tordecilla, Mónica Liliana Ojeda-Pardo, Elisa Andrea Cobo-Mejía, Rocío Del Pilar Castellanos-Vega, Antonio García-Hermoso, Emilio González-Jiménez, Jacqueline Schmidt-RioValle, Katherine González-Ruíz
High body fat is related to metabolic syndrome (MetS) in all ethnic groups. Based on the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) definition of MetS, the aim of this study was to explore thresholds of body fat percentage (BF%) and fat mass index (FMI) for the prediction of MetS among Colombian University students. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 1687 volunteers (63.4% women, mean age = 20.6 years). Weight, waist circumference, serum lipids indices, blood pressure, and fasting plasma glucose were measured...
September 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900536/construct-and-criterion-validity-of-the-pedsql%C3%A2-4-0-instrument-pediatric-quality-of-life-inventory-in-colombia
#11
Ana Carolina Amaya-Arias, Juan Pablo Alzate, Javier H Eslava-Schmalbach
BACKGROUND: This study aimed at determining the validity of the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory 4.0 (PedsQL™ 4.0) for the measurement of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in Colombian children. METHODS: Validation study of measurement instruments. The PedsQL™ 4.0 was applied by convenience sampling to 375 pairs of children and adolescents between the ages of 5 and 17 and to their parents-caregivers, as well as to 125 parents-caregivers of children between the ages of 2 and 4 in five cities of Colombia (Bogota, Medellin, Cali, Barranquilla and Bucaramanga)...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898302/-belief-system-regarding-cannabis-its-use-and-consequences-users-versus-non-users-in-colombian-university-students
#12
Gonzalo Galván, Álvaro Sánchez-Carballo, Ileana Gómez-Morales, Oscar Humánez-Julio, Manuel Guerrero-Martelo, Francisco Vásquez De la Hoz
Descriptive and comparative study of cross-sectional that had as objective to evaluate and compare the beliefs about cannabis, its use and potential consequences between two groups of Colombian university students, matched by gender and age. The frst group consisted of ordinary consumers of cannabis (n=35) the second group consisted of students that have never tried cannabis (n=35). The results showed that the group of consumers presents a moderate risk of abuse and only the 20% fulflled dependence criteria...
November 2016: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893687/genetic-analysis-of-id1-dbl2x-predicts-its-validity-as-a-vaccine-candidate-in-colombia-and-supports-at-least-two-independently-introduced-plasmodium-falciparum-populations-in-the-region
#13
J Rajwani, C M Klinger, E Arango, M I Arroyo, A Sabbagh, A Maestre, J B Dacks, S Gnidehou, S K Yanow
Pregnancy-associated malaria (PAM) poses a threat to both the mother and fetus, increasing the risk of severe maternal anemia, fetal growth restriction and low birth weight infants. Two vaccines are currently in development to protect women from Plasmodium falciparum in pregnancy. Both vaccine constructs target the ID1-DBL2X domain of VAR2CSA, a protein expressed on the surface of infected erythrocytes (IEs) that mediates parasite sequestration in the placenta. Although development of an effective vaccine may be hampered by ID1-DBL2X polymorphisms expressed by field isolates, a recent study showed that genetic variation of this domain in South American parasite populations is much lower than in other geographical locations...
September 8, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882773/shockwave-treatment-for-medial-tibial-stress-syndrome-in-military-cadets-a-single-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Santiago Gomez Garcia, Silvia Ramon Rona, Martha Claudia Gomez Tinoco, Mikhail Benet Rodriguez, Diego Mauricio Chaustre Ruiz, Francia Piedad Cardenas Letrado, África Lopez-Illescas Ruiz, Juan Maria Alarcon Garcia
Medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS) is a common injury in athletes and soldiers. Several studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of extracorporeal shockwave treatment (ESWT) in athletes with MTSS. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether one session of focused ESWT is effective in the treatment of military cadets with MTSS. DESIGN: A randomized, prospective, controlled, single-blind, parallel-group clinical study. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Ib. SETTING: Military School of Cadets of the Colombian Army...
September 5, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878053/subjective-memory-complaints-in-preclinical-autosomal-dominant-alzheimer-disease
#15
Daniel J Norton, Rebecca Amariglio, Hillary Protas, Kewei Chen, Daniel C Aguirre-Acevedo, Brendan Pulsifer, Gabriel Castrillon, Victoria Tirado, Claudia Munoz, Pierre Tariot, Jessica B Langbaum, Eric M Reiman, Francisco Lopera, Reisa A Sperling, Yakeel T Quiroz
OBJECTIVE: To cross-sectionally study subjective memory complaints (SMC) in autosomal dominant Alzheimer disease (ADAD). METHODS: We examined self-reported and study partner-based SMC in 52 young, cognitively unimpaired individuals from a Colombian kindred with early-onset ADAD. Twenty-six carried the PSEN-1 E280A mutation, averaging 7 years of age younger than the kindred's expected clinical onset. Twenty-six were age-matched noncarriers. Participants also underwent structural MRI and cognitive testing...
September 6, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877735/priming-astrocytes-with-tnf-enhances-their-susceptibility-to-trypanosoma-cruzi-infection-and-creates-a-self-sustaining-inflammatory-milieu
#16
Andrea Alice Silva, Rafael Rodrigues Silva, Daniel Gibaldi, Rafael Meyer Mariante, Jessica Brandão Dos Santos, Isabela Resende Pereira, Otacílio Cruz Moreira, Joseli Lannes-Vieira
BACKGROUND: In conditions of immunosuppression, the central nervous sty 5ystem (CNS) is the main target tissue for the reactivation of infection by Trypanosoma cruzi, the causative agent of Chagas disease. In experimental T. cruzi infection, interferon gamma (IFNγ)(+) microglial cells surround astrocytes harboring amastigote parasites. In vitro, IFNγ fuels astrocyte infection by T. cruzi, and IFNγ-stimulated infected astrocytes are implicated as potential sources of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875905/draft-genome-and-description-of-consotaella-salsifontis-gen-nov-sp-nov-a-halophilic-free-living-nitrogen-fixing-alphaproteobacterium-isolated-from-an-ancient-terrestrial-saline-spring
#17
Carolina Díaz-Cárdenas, Luisa Fernanda Bernal, Alejandro Caro-Quintero, Gina López, J David Alzate, Laura N Gonzalez, Silvia Restrepo, Nicole Shapiro, Tanja Woyke, Nikos C Kyrpides, Sandra Baena
A free-living, nitrogen-fixing, mesophilic and facultative aerobe, designated strain USBA 369T, was isolated from a terrestrial saline spring of the Colombian Andes. The non-sporulating rods (1.5×0.8 µm) with rounded ends stained Gram-negative and were motile by means of lophotrichous flagella. The strain grew optimally at 30 °C, at pH 6.9-7.5 and with 1.5 % (w/v) NaCl. The major fatty acids detected were C18 : 1ω7c and C19 : 0 cyclo ω8c, and the respiratory lipoquinone ubiquinone 10 (Q-10) was present...
September 6, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863425/-colombian-guidelines-of-clinical-practice-for-the-use-of-immunoglobulins-in-the-treatment-of-replacement-and-immunomodulation
#18
María Margarita Olivares, Carlos E Olmos, Martha I Álvarez, Adriana María Fajardo, Andrés Felipe Zea-Vera, María Claudia Ortega, Diego Medina, Pahola Marcela Pérez, Delbert Giovanny Beltrán, Beatriz Duque, Carlos Arturo Álvarez, Germán Lenis, Juan Marcos Solano, Diana Gómez, José Luis Franco, María Claudia Díaz, Julio César Orrego, Margarita María Velásquez, Mauricio Chaparro, Jessica Liliana Pinto, Álvaro Izquierdo, Sergio Francisco Ramírez
Immunoglobulins are heterodimeric proteins composed of 2 heavy chains and 2 light chains. Human immunoglobulin G (IgG) is a plasma derivative and contains more than 95% of IgG. The composition of IgG subclasses is similar to that of normal human plasma. Immunoglobulin therapy was first introduced more than 50 years ago, and its use has been described in numerous diseases. In Colombia, the importance of this immunomodulatory resource prompted the need for clinical practice guidelines to be available for its use...
2017: Revista Alergia Mexico: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Mexicana de Alergia e Inmunología, A.C
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863424/-presentation-of-the-colombian-guidelines-for-the-use-of-immunoglobulins
#19
María Claudia Ortega López
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Revista Alergia Mexico: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Mexicana de Alergia e Inmunología, A.C
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855283/a-comparative-analysis-of-genetic-ancestry-and-admixture-in-the-colombian-populations-of-choc%C3%A3-and-medell%C3%A3-n
#20
Andrew B Conley, Lavanya Rishishwar, Emily T Norris, Augusto Valderrama-Aguirre, Leonardo Mariño-Ramírez, Miguel A Medina-Rivas, I King Jordan
At least twenty percent of Colombians identify as having African ancestry, yielding the second largest population of Afro-descendants in Latin America. To date, there have been relatively few studies focused on the genetic ancestry of Afro-Latino populations. We report a comparative analysis of the genetic ancestry of Chocó, a state located on Colombia's Pacific coast with a population that is >80% Afro-Colombian. We compared genome-wide patterns of genetic ancestry and admixture for Chocó to six other admixed American populations, with an emphasis on a Mestizo population from the nearby Colombian city of Medellín...
August 29, 2017: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
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