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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431294/exploring-the-experience-of-episodic-past-future-and-counterfactual-thinking-in-younger-and-older-adults-a-study-of-a-colombian-sample
#1
Felipe De Brigard, Diana Carolina Rodriguez, Patricia Montañés
Although extant evidence suggests that many neural and cognitive mechanisms underlying episodic past, future, and counterfactual thinking overlap, recent results have uncovered differences among these three processes. However, the extent to which there may be age-related differences in the phenomenological characteristics associated with episodic past, future and counterfactual thinking remains unclear. This study used adapted versions of the Memory Characteristics Questionnaire and the Autobiographical Interview in younger and older adults to investigate the subjective experience of episodic past, future and counterfactual thinking...
April 17, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428767/social-cognitive-training-improves-emotional-processing-and-reduces-aggressive-attitudes-in-ex-combatants
#2
Sandra Trujillo, Natalia Trujillo, Jose D Lopez, Diana Gomez, Stella Valencia, Jorge Rendon, David A Pineda, Mario A Parra
Emotional processing (EP) is a complex cognitive function necessary to successfully adjust to social environments where we need to interpret and respond to cues that convey threat or reward signals. Ex-combatants have consistently shown atypical EP as well as poor social interactions. Available reintegration programs aim to facilitate the re-adaptation of ex-combatants to their communities. However, they do not incorporate actions to improve EP and to enhance cognitive-emotional regulation. The present study was aimed at evaluating the usefulness of an intervention focused on Social Cognitive Training (SCT), which was designed to equip ex-combatants enrolled in the Social Reintegration Route with EP and social cognition skills...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421550/distribution-genetic-diversity-and-potential-spatiotemporal-scale-of-alien-gene-flow-in-crop-wild-relatives-of-rice-oryza-spp-in-colombia
#3
Evert Thomas, Eduardo Tovar, Carolina Villafañe, José Leonardo Bocanegra, Rodrigo Moreno
BACKGROUND: Crop wild relatives (CWRs) of rice hold important traits that can contribute to enhancing the ability of cultivated rice (Oryza sativa and O. glaberrima) to produce higher yields, cope with the effects of climate change, and resist attacks of pests and diseases, among others. However, the genetic resources of these species remain dramatically understudied, putting at risk their future availability from in situ and ex situ sources. Here we assess the distribution of genetic diversity of the four rice CWRs known to occur in Colombia (O...
December 2017: Rice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420332/genetic-diversity-of-elaeis-oleifera-hbk-cortes-populations-using-cross-species-ssrs-implication-s-for-germplasm-utilization-and-conservation
#4
Maizura Ithnin, Chee-Keng Teh, Wickneswari Ratnam
BACKGROUND: The Elaeis oleifera genetic materials were assembled from its center of diversity in South and Central America. These materials are currently being preserved in Malaysia as ex situ living collections. Maintaining such collections is expensive and requires sizable land. Information on the genetic diversity of these collections can help achieve efficient conservation via maintenance of core collection. For this purpose, we have applied fourteen unlinked microsatellite markers to evaluate 532 E...
April 19, 2017: BMC Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417876/insulin-resistance-and-%C3%AE-cell-function-in-colombian-mestizo-and-embera-cham%C3%A3-populations-and-their-relation-with-adiposity-degree
#5
María Antonieta Caro-Gomez, Andrés Naranjo-González, María Victoria Parra-Marín, Natalia Gallego-Lopera, Diana María Valencia, Diana Carolina Rúa-Molina, Javier Rosique-Gracia, Andres Felipe García-Pineda, Luis Felipe Gómez-Isaza, Norman Diego Pizano-Ramírez, Edgar Gerardo Arcos, Alberto Villegas-Perrasse, Julieta Duque-Botero, Gabriel Bedoya-Berrío
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Insulin resistance (IR) is a condition favored by metabolic and endocrine changes experienced by adipose tissue in the context of obesity. The prevalence and the presentation of both IR and obesity vary among the populations, and may be affected by ancestral genetic composition among other factors. The aim of this study was to compare the presence of IR and obesity in Amerindians of the Embera-Chamí ethnicity and Colombian mestizo population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A sample of 630 individuals, 471 mestizos and 159 Amerindians of the Embera-Chamí ethnicity, from the general population of Colombia were studied...
April 2017: Endocrinol Diabetes Nutr
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408665/draft-genome-sequences-of-13-colombian-helicobacter-pylori-strains-isolated-from-pacific-coast-and-andean-residents
#6
Alvaro Pazos, Nuri Kodaman, M Blanca Piazuelo, Judith Romero-Gallo, Rafal S Sobota, Dawn A Israel, Luis E Bravo, Douglas R Morgan, Keith T Wilson, Pelayo Correa, Richard M Peek, Scott M Williams, Barbara G Schneider
We present here the draft genomes of 13 Helicobacter pylori strains isolated from Colombian residents on the Pacific coast (n = 6) and in the Andes mountains (n = 7), locations that differ in gastric cancer risk. These 13 strains were obtained from individuals with diagnosed gastric lesions.
April 13, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406104/institutionalized-physical-activity-curriculum-benefits-of-medical-students-in-colombia
#7
Gustavo Tovar, Gabriel López, Milcíades Ibáñez, Ricardo Alvarado, Felipe Lobelo, John Duperly
BACKGROUND: Health authorities internationally have recommended implementing physical activity and exercise for health training programs within the curriculum of medical schools. The purpose of this evaluation was to determine the changes in physical fitness and health (Fitnessgram criteria) of a sports medicine and physical activity course implemented for 3rd year students in a private medical school in Bogotá, Colombia. METHODS: Intervention was targeted to 13 medical student cohorts...
September 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403285/spanish-version-of-the-scale-of-attitudes-toward-alcohol-alcoholism-and-alcoholics-content-validation
#8
Erika Gisseth León Ramírez, Divane de Vargas, Luz Patrícia Diaz Heredia, Alejandra Sepúlveda Corzo
ABSTACT Objective: to describe the process of translation and cultural adaptation of the scale of attitudes towards alcohol, alcoholism and alcoholics into the Spanish language. METHODS: this was a methodological study, which followed the international guidelines for translation and adaptation of measurement scales. RESULTS: During the process of translation and cultural adaptation of scale of attitudes towards alcohol, alcoholism and alcoholics to the Spanish language, the items were adjusted based on semantic, idiomatic and conceptual equivalence of the expressions contained in the scale of attitudes towards alcohol, alcoholism and alcoholics...
April 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399461/measurement-of-open-apices-in-tooth-roots-in-colombian-children-as-a-tool-for-human-identification-in-asylum-and-criminal-proceedings
#9
REVIEW
Marcela Rivera, Stefano De Luca, Lina Aguilar, Luz Andrea Velandia Palacio, Ivan Galić, Roberto Cameriere
Dental age estimation was recognized as an imperative issue in clinical and medico-legal practice. However, very few studies on dental age estimation in children have been published in Colombia. This study evaluated the accuracy of Cameriere's method of measurement of open apices on tooth roots in a sample of 526 digital panoramic radiographs (OPTs) of children (274 boys and 252 girls), aged between 6 and 14 years, from Bogotá, Valle del Cauca, Buga and Villavicencio, in Southwest Colombia. Only first seven permanent lower teeth, except third molar, from the left side of mandible were studied...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398657/study-exploring-the-effects-of-daily-supplementation-with-400-%C3%AE-g-of-folic-acid-on-the-nutritional-status-of-folate-in-women-of-reproductive-age
#10
Laidy D Arias, Beatriz E Parra, Angélica M Muñoz, Diana L Cárdenas, Tiffany G Duque, Luz M Manjarrés
BACKGROUND: This investigation determines the nutritional state of serum and red blood cell (RBC) folate concentration and their relation with intake of folate, B6 ,and B12 , with serum vitamin B12 , and with genetic variants after provision of 400 μg/day of folic acid for 3 months to a group of 34 Colombian women of reproductive age. METHODS: We evaluated nutrient intake using 24-hr recall, assessing the levels of serum folate, RBC folate, serum B12 , and homocysteine, as well as determining genetic variants of the enzyme MTHFR (C677T and A1298C) and CβS (844ins68pb)...
March 15, 2017: Birth Defects Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384983/association-study-of-vitamin-d-receptor-vdr-related-genetic-polymorphisms-and-their-haplotypes-with-chronic-periodontitis-in-colombian-population
#11
Sergio Iván Tobón-Arroyave, Diana María Isaza-Guzmán, Nicolás Pineda-Trujillo
INTRODUCTION: There is strong evidence that both genetic and environmental factors may affect the periodontal clinical status. However, epidemiological evidence on the association between Vitamin D Receptor (VDR) polymorphisms and Chronic Periodontitis (CP) has been inconsistent. AIM: The focus of this study was to identify if a possible association between VDR Single-Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) may be implicated in the aetiopathogenesis of CP in Colombian population...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379058/sensitivity-and-specificity-of-clinical-findings-for-the-diagnosis-of-pelvic-congestion-syndrome-in-women-with-chronic-pelvic-pain
#12
Ana Lucia Herrera-Betancourt, Juan Diego Villegas-Echeverri, Jose Duván López-Jaramillo, Jorge Darío López-Isanoa, Jorge Mario Estrada-Alvarez
Background Pelvic congestion syndrome is among the causes of pelvic pain. One of the diagnostic tools is pelvic venography using Beard's criteria, which are 91% sensitive and 80% specific for this syndrome. Objective To assess the diagnostic performance of the clinical findings in women diagnosed with pelvic congestion syndrome coming to a Level III institution. Methods Descriptive retrospective study in women with chronic pelvic pain taken to transuterine pelvic venography at the Advanced Gynecological Laparoscopy and Pelvic Pain Unit of Clinica Comfamiliar, between August 2008 and December 2011, analyzing social, demographic, and clinical variables...
January 1, 2017: Phlebology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374230/evaluation-of-entertainment-education-strategies-to-promote-cervical-cancer-screening-and-knowledge-in-colombian-women
#13
Roland Lincoln Boyden Lamb, Sara Milena Ramos Jaraba, Valentina Graciano Tangarife, Isabel C Garcés-Palacio
Cervical cancer is considered to be a major health problem for women in developing countries, but it is also problematic for more developed countries as global migration increases and health behaviors move from the countries of origin to new places of residence. We designed and produced a testimonial video and a fotonovela (printed short story) to educate women about cervical cancer and screening. The development of the materials included formative research, production, pretesting, dissemination, and evaluation...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373764/effect-of-treatment-failure-on-the-caga-epiya-motif-in-helicobacter-pylori-strains-from-colombian-subjects
#14
Javier Andres Bustamante-Rengifo, Andres Jenuer Matta, Alvaro Jairo Pazos, Luis Eduardo Bravo
AIM: To evaluate effect of treatment failure on cagA and vacA genotypes in Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) isolates from Colombia. METHODS: One hundred and seventy-six participants infected with H. pylori from Colombia were treated during 14 d with the triple-standard therapy. Six weeks later, eradication was evaluated by (13)C-Urea breath test. Patients with treatment failure were subjected to endoscopy control; biopsies obtained were used for histopathology and culture...
March 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369008/genetic-ancestry-and-susceptibility-to-late-onset-alzheimer-s-disease-load-in-the-admixed-colombian-population
#15
Diana J Moreno, Sebastián Pino, Ángela Ríos, Francisco Lopera, Henry Ostos, Marc Via, Gabriel Bedoya
INTRODUCTION: Differences in the prevalence of dementia among populations and in the effect of apolipoprotein E (APOE) on the emergence of Alzheimer's disease (AD), which is the main type of dementia, have been reported. METHODS: This study estimated the ancestry of a group of individuals with late-onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD) (N=280) and established whether there were any differences when compared with a control group (N=357) in a sample of the Colombian population...
March 31, 2017: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368860/gallbladder-microbiota-variability-in-colombian-gallstones-patients
#16
Ariel Antonio Arteta, Hernan Carvajal-Restrepo, Miryan Margot Sánchez-Jiménez, Sergio Diaz-Rodriguez, Nora Cardona-Castro
INTRODUCTION: Gallbladder stones are a very frequently occurring condition. Despite bile bactericidal activity, many bacteria have been detected inside the gallbladder, and gallstones facilitate their presence. Between 3% and 5% of the patients with Salmonella spp. infection develop the carrier stage, with the bacteria persisting inside the gallbladder, shedding bacteria in their feces without signs of infection. The aim of this study was to isolate bacteria from Colombian patients with gallstones, using standard culturing methods, and to identify Salmonella spp...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368856/detection-of-salmonella-human-carriers-in-colombian-outbreak-areas
#17
Hernán Carvajal-Restrepo, Miryan Margot Sánchez-Jiménez, Sergio Diaz-Rodríguez, Nora Cardona-Castro
INTRODUCTION: Salmonellosis, a zoonotic and foodborne disease, is a public health problem in developing countries. With the aim of identifying human carriers of Salmonella, a survey was performed in five regions of Colombia with reported salmonellosis outbreaks. METHODOLOGY: The general population and cholecystectomy surgical patients were included in this study. Stool samples from 667 volunteers and gallbladder bile samples from 199 surgical patients were examined...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366177/improved-outcomes-when-antibiotic-prescribing-guidelines-are-followed-by-healthcare-providers-a-colombian-example-to-encourage-adherence-in-hospital-settings
#18
Max Feinstein, Kevin Escandón-Vargas, Sergio Reyes, Cristhian Hernández-Gómez, Christian J Pallares, María V Villegas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 3, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365210/resolution-of-cassava-infecting-alphaflexiviruses-molecular-and-biological-characterization-of-a-novel-group-of-potexviruses-lacking-the-tgb3-gene
#19
Ivan Lozano, Ana M Leiva, Jenyfer Jimenez, Elizabeth Fernandez, Monica Carvajal-Yepes, Maritza Cuervo, Wilmer J Cuellar
Several potexviruses (Family Alphaflexiviridae) have been reported infecting cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) in the Americas. They were isolated from severely diseased plants during the last 30-40 years and include: Cassava common mosaic virus (CsCMV), Cassava Caribbean mosaic virus (CsCaMV), Cassava Colombian symptomless virus (CsCSV) and Cassava virus X (CsVX). However, their definitive classification as distinct species remains unresolved for several reasons, including the lack of sequence data and unavailability of samples from original isolates...
March 29, 2017: Virus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364836/molecular-diagnosis-and-phylogeographic-analysis-of-trypanosoma-evansi-in-dogs-canis-lupus-familiaris-suggest-an-epidemiological-importance-of-this-species-in-colombia
#20
Jeiczon Jaimes-Dueñez, Omar Triana-Chávez, Andrés Valencia-Hernández, Diana Sánchez-Arévalo, Alba Poche-Ceballos, José Ortíz-Álvarez, Ana M Mejía-Jaramillo
Surra disease is a zoonosis caused by Trypanosoma (Trypanozoon) evansi, a salivary trypanosome, originally from Africa, which affects a wide range of mammalian worldwide. Dogs are highly susceptible to T. evansi infection and they often exhibit strong clinical signs than can lead to death, even within weeks in untreated acute cases. The present survey is the first report through clinical, parasitological and molecular approaches, of two fatal cases of T. evansi in Colombian dogs. After analysing two presumptive cases of infection with Trypanosoma spp...
April 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
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