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Resuscitation in-hospital ECLS

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682938/improving-patient-selection-for-refractory-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-treated-with-extracorporeal-life-support
#1
Tahar Chouihed, Antoine Kimmoun, Adrien Lauvray, Francois-Xavier Laithier, Deborah Jaeger, Simon Lemoine, Juan Pablo Maureira, Lionel Nace, Kevin Duarte, Stéphane Albizzati, Nicolas Girerd, Bruno Levy
BACKGROUND: Despite recent management improvement, including Extra-Corporeal Life Support (ECLS), refractory out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (ROHCA) survival remains dramatically low. METHODS: We assessed an innovative strategy (Out of hoSpital Cardiac ARrest-ExtraCorporeal Life Support - "OSCAR-ECLS") to optimize access to ECLS of ROHCA patients and reduce the delay between recognition and ECLS implantation. METHODS: This study, conducted in a tertiary teaching hospital, compared the survival and delay times of ROHCA patients treated by ECLS before and after OSCAR-ECLS implementation...
July 4, 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557863/pediatric-extracorporeal-life-support-organization-registry-international-report-2016
#2
Ryan P Barbaro, Matthew L Paden, Yigit S Guner, Lakshmi Raman, Lindsay M Ryerson, Peta Alexander, Viviane G Nasr, Melania M Bembea, Peter T Rycus, Ravi R Thiagarajan
The purpose of this report is to describe the international growth, outcomes, complications, and technology used in pediatric extracorporeal life support (ECLS) from 2009 to 2015 as reported by participating centers in the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization (ELSO). To date, there are 59,969 children who have received ECLS in the ELSO Registry; among those, 21,907 received ECLS since 2009 with an overall survival to hospital discharge rate of 61%. In 2009, 2,409 ECLS cases were performed at 157 centers...
May 23, 2017: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518009/aeromedical-evacuation-using-extra-corporeal-life-support-after-resuscitated-cardiac-arrest
#3
David Gerard, Hervé Raffin, Guillaume Lebreton
BACKGROUND: Extra corporeal life support (ECLS) is presently first line therapy for refractory cardiogenic shock. Mobile circulatory support teams implant ECLS or extra corporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in patients in the hospital without circulatory support. These patients are then transported to specialized centers. Here we report a case of sending a mobile circulatory support team abroad, followed by air ambulance evacuation, which, to our knowledge, has never been used as part of medical assistance abroad...
April 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470926/prevalence-of-hemolysis-and-metabolic-acidosis-in-patients-with-circulatory-failure-supported-with-extracorporeal-life-support-a-marker-for-survival
#4
Karla Lehle, Matthias Lubnow, Alois Philipp, Maik Foltan, Florian Zeman, York Zausig, Dirk Lunz, Christof Schmid, Thomas Müller
AIMS: Elevated levels of plasma free hemoglobin (fHb) indicate red blood cell (RBC) damage. The aim of this study was to analyze the prevalence of hemolysis and metabolic acidosis in patients on extracorporeal life support (ECLS) and to investigate whether it is a marker for outcome. METHODS AND RESULTS: This retrospective analysis included 215 adult patients with cardiac failure treated with ECLS. The cohort was divided into three groups: ECLS (1) during ongoing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR, n = 110); (2) after CPR with return of spontaneous circulation and sustained cardiogenic shock (n = 45); (3) in severe cardiogenic shock without previous CPR (n = 60)...
May 2017: European Journal of Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377296/mechanical-chest-compressions-improve-rate-of-return-of-spontaneous-circulation-and-allow-for-initiation-of-percutaneous-circulatory-support-during-cardiac-arrest-in-the-cardiac-catheterization-laboratory
#5
Joseph M Venturini, Elizabeth Retzer, J Raider Estrada, Janet Friant, David Beiser, Dana Edelson, Jonathan Paul, John Blair, Sandeep Nathan, Atman P Shah
BACKGROUND: Performing advanced cardiac life support (ACLS) in the cardiac catheterization laboratory (CCL) is challenging. Mechanical chest compression (MCC) devices deliver compressions in a small space, allowing for simultaneous percutaneous coronary intervention and reduced radiation exposure to rescuers. In refractory cases, MCC devices allow rescuers to initiate percutaneous mechanical circulatory support (MCS) and extracorporeal life support (ECLS) during resuscitation. This study sought to assess the efficacy and safety of MCC when compared to manual compressions in the CCL...
June 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275618/extracorporeal-life-support-for-refractory-ventricular-tachycardia
#6
REVIEW
Sujatha P Bhandary, Nicholas Joseph, James P Hofmann, Theodosios Saranteas, Thomas J Papadimos
Extracorporeal life support (ECLS) is a very effective bridging therapy in patients with refractory ventricular tachycardia (VT) associated with cardiogenic shock. A moribund patient in extremis, is not amenable to optimization by standard ACC/AHA guidelines. New approaches and novel salvage techniques are necessary to improve outcomes in patients with refractory clinical settings such as malignant ventricular arrhythmias, cardiac arrest, cardiogenic shock and/or pulmonary failure until further management options are explored...
February 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984321/extracorporeal-life-support-organization-registry-international-report-2016
#7
Ravi R Thiagarajan, Ryan P Barbaro, Peter T Rycus, D Michael Mcmullan, Steven A Conrad, James D Fortenberry, Matthew L Paden
Data on extracorporeal life support (ECLS) use and survival submitted to the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization's data registry from the inception of the registry in 1989 through July 1, 2016, are summarized in this report. The registry contained information on 78,397 ECLS patients with 58% survival to hospital discharge. Extracorporeal life support use and centers providing ECLS have increased worldwide. Extracorporeal life support use in the support of adults with respiratory and cardiac failure represented the largest growth in the recent time period...
January 2017: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774445/ecls-in-pediatric-cardiac-patients
#8
REVIEW
Matteo Di Nardo, Graeme MacLaren, Marco Marano, Corrado Cecchetti, Paola Bernaschi, Antonio Amodeo
Extracorporeal life support (ECLS) is an important device in the management of children with severe refractory cardiac and or pulmonary failure. Actually, two forms of ECLS are available for neonates and children: extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) and use of a ventricular assist device (VAD). Both these techniques have their own advantages and disadvantages. The intra-aortic balloon pump is another ECLS device that has been successfully used in larger children, adolescents, and adults, but has found limited applicability in smaller children...
2016: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633781/accidental-hypothermia-an-update-the-content-of-this-review-is-endorsed-by-the-international-commission-for-mountain-emergency-medicine-icar-medcom
#9
REVIEW
Peter Paal, Les Gordon, Giacomo Strapazzon, Monika Brodmann Maeder, Gabriel Putzer, Beat Walpoth, Michael Wanscher, Doug Brown, Michael Holzer, Gregor Broessner, Hermann Brugger
BACKGROUND: This paper provides an up-to-date review of the management and outcome of accidental hypothermia patients with and without cardiac arrest. METHODS: The authors reviewed the relevant literature in their specialist field. Summaries were merged, discussed and approved to produce this narrative review. RESULTS: The hospital use of minimally-invasive rewarming for non-arrested, otherwise healthy, patients with primary hypothermia and stable vital signs has the potential to substantially decrease morbidity and mortality for these patients...
September 15, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525236/extracorporeal-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-predictors-of-survival
#10
Dong Hee Kim, Joon Bum Kim, Sung-Ho Jung, Suk Jung Choo, Cheol Hyun Chung, Jae Won Lee
BACKGROUND: The use of extracorporeal life support (ECLS) in the setting of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) has shown improved outcomes compared with conventional CPR. The aim of this study was to determine factors predictive of survival in extracorporeal CPR (E-CPR). METHODS: Consecutive 85 adult patients (median age, 59 years; range, 18 to 85 years; 56 males) who underwent E-CPR from May 2005 to December 2012 were evaluated. RESULTS: Causes of arrest were cardiogenic in 62 patients (72...
August 2016: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27348175/-theoretical-background-of-finding-organs-for-transplantation-among-non-heart-beating-donors-under-unsuccessful-extracorporeal-resuscitation-literature-review
#11
N Khodeli, Z Chkhaidze, D Partsakhashvili, O Pilishvili, D Kordzaia
The number of patients who are in the "Transplant Waiting List" is increasing each year. At the same time, as a result of the significant shortage of donor organs, part of the patients dies without waiting till surgery. According to the Maastricht classification for non-heart beating donors, the patients, who had cardiac arrest outside the hospital (in the uncontrolled by medical staff conditions) should be considered as a potential donors of category II. For these patients, the most effective resuscitation is recommended...
May 2016: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27315227/-shock-and-go-extracorporeal-cardio-pulmonary-resuscitation-in-the-golden-hour-of-rosc
#12
Tobias Spangenberg, Felix Meincke, Stephanie Brooks, Christian Frerker, Felix Kreidel, Thomas Thielsen, Tobias Schmidt, Karl-Heinz Kuck, Alexander Ghanem
OBJECTIVES: The feasibility and outcomes of 35 consecutive patients subjected to eCPR in the tertiary cardiology center were investigated. BACKGROUND: While conventional cardiopulmonary-resuscitation (cCPR) often times achieves only mediocre outcomes extracorporeal cardiopulmonary-resuscitation (eCPR) increasingly shifts into the focus of interest. However, the scientific evidence for eCPR is sparse, particularly in the cardiological setting. METHODS: Retrospective chart analysis of 35 patients treated with eCPR between 01/2014 and 10/2015...
November 2016: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27018547/hands-off-time-during-automated-chest-compression-device-application-in-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-a-case-series-report
#13
Olga Maurin, Benoit Frattini, Daniel Jost, Noémie Galinou, Laure Alhanati, Pascal Dang Minh, Nicolas Genotelle, Guillaume Burlaton, Stanislas de Regloix, Michel Bignand, Jean Pierre Tourtier
INTRODUCTION: During out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), chest compression interruptions or hands-off time (HOT) affect the prognosis. Our aim was to measure HOT due to the application of an automated chest compression device (ACD) by an advanced life support team. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective observational case series report since the introduction of a new method of installing the ACD. Inclusion criteria were patients over 18 years old with OHCA who were treated with an ACD (Lucas 2(TM), Physio-Control)...
September 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26999680/long-term-prognosis-after-extracorporeal-life-support-in-refractory-cardiogenic-shock-results-from-a-real-world-cohort
#14
Suzanne de Waha, Georg Fuernau, Steffen Desch, Ingo Eitel, Ariane Wiedau, Philipp Lurz, Gerhard Schuler, Holger Thiele
AIMS: The current study presents data from a real-world cohort of patients with refractory cardiogenic shock (CS) undergoing extracorporeal life support (ECLS) with the aims of reporting clinical experience, objectifying complications as well as survival, and identifying predictors of mortality. METHODS AND RESULTS: Eighty-three patients with refractory CS underwent percutaneous ECLS implantation performed by interventional cardiologists. Follow-up was performed at hospital discharge as well as at 18 months (IQR 15-36)...
March 2016: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26503919/extracorporeal-life-support-in-cardiovascular-patients-with-observed-refractory-in-hospital-cardiac-arrest-is-associated-with-favourable-short-and-long-term-outcomes-a-propensity-matched-analysis
#15
Johannes Blumenstein, Jürgen Leick, Christoph Liebetrau, Joerg Kempfert, Luise Gaede, Sebastian Groß, Marcel Krug, Alexander Berkowitsch, Holger Nef, Andreas Rolf, Matthias Arlt, Thomas Walther, Christian W Hamm, Helge Möllmann
AIMS: Extracorporeal life support (ECLS) has shown encouraging survival rates in patients with in-hospital cardiac arrest; however, its routine use is still controversial. We compared the survival of patients with in-hospital cardiac arrest receiving conventional cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CCPR) to that of patients with ECLS as an adjunct to cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR). METHODS: A total of 353 patients with in-hospital cardiac arrest (272 CCPR and 52 ECPR) were included in this retrospective, propensity score-adjusted (1:1 matched), single-centre study...
November 2016: European Heart Journal. Acute Cardiovascular Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26303570/survival-and-neurocognitive-outcomes-in-pediatric-extracorporeal-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation
#16
Gonzalo Garcia Guerra, Liliane Zorzela, Charlene M T Robertson, Gwen Y Alton, Ari R Joffe, Elham Khodayari Moez, Irina A Dinu, David B Ross, Ivan M Rebeyka, Laurance Lequier
OBJECTIVE: Extracorporeal Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (E-CPR) is the initiation of extracorporeal life support during active chest compressions. There are no studies describing detailed neurocognitive outcomes of this population. We aim to describe the survival and neurocognitive outcomes of children who received E-CPR. METHODS: Prospective cohort study. Children who received E-CPR at the Stollery Children's Hospital between 2000 and 2010 were included. Neurocognitive follow-up, including Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scales of Intelligence, was completed at the age of 4...
November 2015: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26189164/survival-and-quality-of-life-after-extracorporeal-life-support-for-refractory-cardiac-arrest-a-case-series
#17
Amedeo Anselmi, Erwan Flécher, Hervé Corbineau, Thierry Langanay, Vincent Le Bouquin, Marc Bedossa, Alain Leguerrier, Jean-Philippe Verhoye, Vito Giovanni Ruggieri
OBJECTIVES: Extracorporeal life support (ECLS) is an emerging option to treat selected patients with cardiac arrest refractory to cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Our primary objective was to determine the mortality at 30 days and at hospital discharge among adult patients receiving veno-arterial ECLS for refractory cardiac arrest. Our secondary objectives were to determine the 1-year survival and the health-related quality of life, and to examine factors associated with 30-day mortality...
October 2015: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26104533/when-all-else-fails-extracorporeal-life-support-in-therapy-refractory-cardiogenic-shock
#18
Sabina P W Guenther, Stefan Brunner, Frank Born, Matthias Fischer, René Schramm, Maximilian Pichlmaier, Steffen Massberg, Christian Hagl, Nawid Khaladj
OBJECTIVES: No guidelines for mechanical circulatory support in patients with therapy-refractory cardiogenic shock and multiorgan failure including ongoing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) exist. To achieve immediate cardiopulmonary stabilization, we established an interdisciplinary concept with on-site percutaneous extracorporeal life support (ECLS) implantation. METHODS: From February 2012 to November 2014, 96 patients were deemed eligible for ECLS implantation...
March 2016: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26081929/conditions-and-procedures-for-in-hospital-extracorporeal-life-support-ecls-in-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-cpr-of-adult-patients
#19
REVIEW
Justyna Swol, Jan Belohlávek, Jonathan W Haft, Shingo Ichiba, Roberto Lorusso, Giles J Peek
The use of extracorporeal life support (ECLS) in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR; ECPR) has been repeatedly published as non-randomized studies, mainly case series and case reports. The aim of this article is to support physicians, perfusionists, nurses and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) specialists who regularly perform ECPR or are willing to start an ECPR program by establishing standards for safe and efficient ECPR procedures. This article represents the experience and recommendations of physicians who provide ECPR routinely...
April 2016: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26051810/clinical-course-and-long-term-outcome-following-venoarterial-extracorporeal-life-support-facilitated-interhospital-transfer-of-patients-with-circulatory-failure
#20
Simon Schopka, Alois Philipp, Michael Hilker, Thomas Müller, Markus Zimmermann, Matthias Arlt, Leopold Rupprecht, Christof Schmid, Dirk Lunz
BACKGROUND: Interhospital transfer of patients experiencing circulatory failure and shock has a significant risk of cardiovascular deterioration and death. Extracorporeal life support (ECLS) is a rescue tool for hemodynamic stabilization that makes patient transportation much safer. METHODS: Demographic data, clinical course, and outcome data were reviewed for patients who underwent placement of a venoarterial ECLS in a remote hospital and were transported to our tertiary care facility...
August 2015: Resuscitation
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