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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29865143/orbital-subcutaneous-emphysema-in-a-child
#1
Camille Aubin-Lemay, Philippe Acar, Nayif Alnaif, Abdulrahman Alamri, Alain Joe Azzi, Sabrina Cugno
The authors present a rare case of nontraumatic medial orbital wall fracture in an 11-year-old girl. Fractures of the orbital wall secondary to nose blowing have not been previously described in the pediatric population. The patient reported a history of chronic forceful nose blowing, followed by periorbital swelling after an episode of vigorous nose blowing. Erroneous diagnoses of sinusitis and periorbital cellulitis lead to unnecessary antibiotic treatment. The authors hypothesize that repeated and aggressive nose blowing is analogous to stress fractures, leading to weakening and eventual fracture of the medial orbital wall...
June 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792378/location-and-distribution-of-craniomaxillofacial-fractures-in-45-cats-presented-for-the-treatment-of-head-trauma
#2
Ingrid Tundo, Peter Southerden, Andrew Perry, Richard M Haydock
Objectives The aim of this retrospective study was to describe the location and distribution of craniomaxillofacial (CMF) fractures in 45 cats presented to a veterinary referral centre between 2012 and 2017. Methods Cats with a history of head trauma, one or more CMF fractures and a pretreatment CT scan of the CMF region were included in this study. For the purpose of the study, the CMF skeleton was divided into 15 functional anatomical regions and the fracture sites were allocated to one of these functional regions...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771826/pediatric-nasal-traumas-contribution-of-epidemiological-features-to-detect-the-distinction-between-nasal-fractures-and-nasal-soft-tissue-injuries
#3
Taliye Cakabay, Selin Ustun Bezgin
OBJECTIVES: Nasal bone is prone to injury due of its prominent position on the face. Epidemiologic surveys are necessary to investigate nasal traumas. The aim of the present study is to examine the distribution of trauma etiologies according to age, sex, and seasonality in pediatric patients who present with nasal trauma, and to classify the pathologies according to their etiology as nasal fractures or nasal soft tissue injuries. METHODS: A total of 200 pediatric patients aged between 0 and 18 years who were admitted to the emergency room with sustained nasal trauma between September 1, 2015 and August 1, 2016 and who were diagnosed with an either nasal fracture or nasal soft tissue injury were retrospectively analyzed...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741560/combined-nasal-osteotomies-with-caudal-transverse-osteotomy-and-their-effect-on-dorsal-geometry
#4
Ersoy Konas, Ozan Bitik
Background: Congenital, traumatic, or developmental bony vault deformities may require additional interventions rather than classical osteotomies to correct the surface structure or angulations of the nasal bones in rhinoplasty. Objectives: The aim of the study was to determine the effects of the additional osteotomies applied for the correction of the nasal vault asymmetries retrospectively. Methods: Twenty-one patients among 512 primary rhinoplasty cases between 2011-2016 with bony vault asymmetries were included into the study...
May 8, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607594/management-of-the-female-athlete-triad
#5
Sayaka Nose-Ogura, Miyuki Harada, Osamu Hiraike, Yutaka Osuga, Tomoyuki Fujii
The female athlete triad (FAT) is defined by the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) as low energy availability (low EA), functional hypothalamic amenorrhoea and osteoporosis. In low EA, lutein dysfunction first develops, followed by anovulation and, subsequently, oligomenorrhea, leading to amenorrhea. Moreover, low estradiol concentrations due to amenorrhea decrease bone mineral density (BMD). In athletes with one of the factors of FAT, the risk of a stress fracture is 2.4-4.9 times higher and may increase the risk of fracture throughout the lifespan...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601346/low-bone-mineral-density-in-elite-female-athletes-with-a-history-of-secondary-amenorrhea-in-their-teens
#6
Sayaka Nose-Ogura, Osamu Yoshino, Michiko Dohi, Mika Kigawa, Miyuki Harada, Takashi Kawahara, Yutaka Osuga, Shigeru Saito
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether secondary amenorrhea during teenage years influences bone mineral density (BMD) in female athletes in their 20s. DESIGN: Original research. SETTING: Japan Institute of Sports Sciences. PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred ten elite female athletes older than 20 years were included in the study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Information on the participants' past (ie, during their teenage years) and current menstrual cycle, training time, history of stress fractures, and blood tests for hormones received was obtained...
March 27, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561482/improving-postoperative-nasal-airway-patency-in-le-fort-based-maxillofacial-trauma-patients-via-a-modified-nasal-packing-technique
#7
Amir Wolff, Gabriel F Santiago, Micah Belzberg, Omri Emodi, Chad R Gordon
INTRODUCTION: Combined mid-face and nasal apparatus trauma injuries pose a significant challenge to airway patency (AW), in the immediate postoperative setting following fracture reduction. As such, the authors describe a modified technique with the goal of maintaining a patent nasal AW, while at the same time, minimizing nasopharyngeal bleeding and nasal AW edema-which can complicate patients requiring intermaxillary fixation (IMF) in the setting of pan-facial trauma. METHODS: A modified technique was devised to assist the reconstruction surgeon in avoiding the risks associated with tracheostomy placement...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522479/strain-behavior-of-concrete-panels-subjected-to-different-nose-shapes-of-projectile-impact
#8
Sangkyu Lee, Gyuyong Kim, Hongseop Kim, Minjae Son, Gyeongcheol Choe, Jeongsoo Nam
This study evaluates the fracture properties and rear-face strain distribution of nonreinforced and hooked steel fiber-reinforced concrete panels penetrated by projectiles of three different nose shapes: sharp, hemispherical, and flat. The sharp projectile nose resulted in a deeper penetration because of the concentration of the impact force. Conversely, the flat projectile nose resulted in shallower penetrations. The penetration based on different projectile nose shapes is directly related to the impact force transmitted to the rear face...
March 9, 2018: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521765/an-extremely-rare-cause-of-orbital-emphysema-in-a-child
#9
Camille Aubin-Lemay, Philippe Acar, Nayif Alnaif, Abdulrahman Alamri, Alain Joe Azzi, Sabrina Cugno
The authors present a rare case of nontraumatic medial orbital wall fracture in an 11-year-old girl. Fractures of the orbital wall secondary to nose blowing have not been previously described in the pediatric population. The patient reported a history of chronic forceful nose blowing, followed by periorbital swelling after an episode of vigorous nose blowing. Erroneous diagnoses of sinusitis and periorbital cellulitis lead to unnecessary antibiotic treatment. The authors hypothesize that repeated and aggressive nose blowing is analogous to stress fractures, leading to weakening and eventual fracture of the medial orbital wall...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510812/blowout-fractures-clinic-imaging-and-applied-anatomy-of-the-orbit
#10
Ulrik Nikolaj Ascanius Felding
Isolated fractures of the orbital floor or medial wall are often referred to as blowout fractures (BOFs). Debilitating double vision and aesthetic deformity may affect the patients' quality of life and daily living skills, for instance, working or driving a car. The management of blowout fractures is, however, challenging, since not all fractures demand surgery. Some patients may have symptoms which subside, or may never develop symptoms. Due to a lack of evidence, there are still considerable differences in opinion on the criteria for surgery...
March 2018: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381718/effects-of-long-term-cigarette-smoke-exposure-on-bone-metabolism-structure-and-quality-in-a-mouse-model-of-emphysema
#11
Mamoru Sasaki, Shotaro Chubachi, Naofumi Kameyama, Minako Sato, Mizuha Haraguchi, Masaki Miyazaki, Saeko Takahashi, Takayoshi Nakano, Yukiko Kuroda, Tomoko Betsuyaku, Koichi Matsuo
Smoking is a common risk factor for both chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and osteoporosis. In patients with COPD, severe emphysema is a risk factor for vertebral fracture; however, the effects of smoking or emphysema on bone health remain largely unknown. We report bone deterioration in a mouse model of emphysema induced by nose-only cigarette smoke (CS) exposure. Unexpectedly, short-term exposure for 4-weeks decreased bone turnover and increased bone volume in mice. However, prolonged exposure for 20- and 40-weeks reversed the effects from suppression to promotion of bone resorption...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320322/multidetector-ct-of-midfacial-fractures-classification-systems-principles-of-reduction-and-common-complications
#12
David Dreizin, Arthur J Nam, Silviu C Diaconu, Mark P Bernstein, Uttam K Bodanapally, Felipe Munera
The advent of titanium hardware, which provides firm three-dimensional positional control, and the exquisite bone detail afforded by multidetector computed tomography (CT) have spurred the evolution of subunit-specific midfacial fracture management principles. The structural, diagnostic, and therapeutic complexity of the individual midfacial subunits, including the nose, the naso-orbito-ethmoidal region, the internal orbits, the zygomaticomaxillary complex, and the maxillary occlusion-bearing segment, are not adequately reflected in the Le Fort classification system, which provides only a general framework and has become less relevant in contemporary practice...
January 2018: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238415/facial-and-orbital-fractures-a-fifteen-years-retrospective-evaluation-of-north-east-sicily-treated-patients
#13
Michele Runci, Francesco Saverio De Ponte, Roberto Falzea, Ennio Bramanti, Floriana Lauritano, Gabriele Cervino, Fausto Famà, Alessandro Calvo, Salvatore Crimi, Silvia Rapisarda, Marco Cicciù
Background: Orbital fractures are classified as diseases usually related to common midface trauma. It represents the most challenging treatment due to the complex anatomy, physiology, and aesthetic role. A midface trauma involves also the zygomatic complex and the nose, however the orbit fracture seems to be a more frequent disease due to its anatomical features. Objective: The purpose of this work is to retrospectively evaluate and record the frequency of the midfacial traumas and orbital fractures observed in the North Eastern Sicily...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167721/clinical-and-radiographic-features-of-pycnodysostosis-a-case-report
#14
Cleomar Rodrigues, Fernando-Antônio Gomes, José-Alcides Arruda, Luciano Silva, Pâmella Álvares, Priscila da Fonte, Ana-Paula Sobral, Marcia Silveira
Pycnodysostosis is a rare disorder that was first described in 1962; however, it was only in 1996 that the defective gene was discovered, which led to a better understanding of this disease. This study reports and discuss a case of pycnodysostosis. In addition, a search of articles published in PubMed-Medline was performed. The case was a 13-year-old girl who was referred to a private clinic for dental treatment. Clinical examination showed midface hypoplasia, prominent cheeks, a high nasal bridge, beaked nose, spoon-shaped fingers, frontal bossing, open fontanelles and dental alterations, findings compatible with pycnodysostosis...
October 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926159/randomized-controlled-feasibility-trial-of-intranasal-ketamine-compared-to-intranasal-fentanyl-for-analgesia-in-children-with-suspected-extremity-fractures
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Stacy L Reynolds, Kathleen K Bryant, Jonathan R Studnek, Melanie Hogg, Connell Dunn, Megan A Templin, Charity G Moore, James R Young, Katherine Rivera Walker, Michael S Runyon
OBJECTIVES: We compared the tolerability and efficacy of intranasal subdissociative ketamine to intranasal fentanyl for analgesia of children with acute traumatic pain and investigated the feasibility of a larger noninferiority trial that could investigate the potential opioid-sparing effects of intranasal ketamine. METHODS: This randomized controlled trial compared 1 mg/kg intranasal ketamine to 1.5 μg/kg intranasal fentanyl in children 4 to 17 years old with acute pain from suspected isolated extremity fractures presenting to an urban Level II pediatric trauma center from December 2015 to November 2016...
December 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868601/periorbital-emphysema-after-a-wet-chamber-dive
#16
Wei-Shih Tseng, Hui-Chieh Lee, Bor-Hwang Kang
Although periorbital emphysema (PE) is commonly associated with orbital fractures, it may develop without any fracture or significant trauma in circumstances such as post-surgery, infection, forceful nose blowing, sneezing, and weight lifting. We report on a healthy military diver who developed PE following a wet chamber dive. A diagnosis of PE secondary to sinus barotrauma was reached. He was treated conservatively without medication and his symptoms recovered completely within 10 days. To the best of our knowledge, only five cases of diving-related PE have been reported in the literature...
September 2017: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795066/otolaryngological-presentations-in-times-of-terror-profile-from-a-tertiary-health-center-in-north-central-nigeria
#17
Adeyi A Adoga, Daniel D Kokong, Kenneth N Ozoilo
OBJECTIVES: To report the incidence, socio-demographic characteristics, otorhinolaryngological presentations and outcomes of management of patients at the Jos University Teaching Hospital following terror attacks. METHODS: A prospective descriptive hospital based study of consecutive patients presenting with ear, nose and throat injuries as a result of bomb blasts and ethno-religious crises within a six-year period and managed at the Jos University Teaching Hospital were studied for age, gender, ear, nose and throat presentations, injury mechanism, interventions and outcome of interventions...
July 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711375/the-prevalence-of-orodental-trauma-during-epileptic-seizures-in-terms-of-dental-treatment-survey-study
#18
Dominika Gawlak, Joanna Łuniewska, Wiktoria Stojak, Anahit Hovhannisyan, Anna Stróżyńska, Katarzyna Mańka-Malara, Marcin Adamiec, Andrzej Rysz
INTRODUCTION: Epilepsy is one of the most common neurological disorders. Seizures that occur during attacks may lead to head injuries. It is crucial to establish proper prophylactic management against trauma occurrence, as nowadays prevention is not sufficient. AIM: Assessment of the frequency of head and intraoral trauma during epileptic seizures and to evaluate factors that may predispose to injuries. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The questionnaire was carried out among 106 patients with epilepsy...
September 2017: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647160/a-clinical-decision-rule-to-predict-zygomatico-maxillary-fractures
#19
Simon Haworth, Anthony Bates, Andrea Beech, Greg Knepil
Patients presenting with periorbital trauma require clinical assessment to exclude zygomatico-maxillary fractures. A single-centre pilot investigation was undertaken at a general hospital in the United Kingdom. The sample was composed of 229 adult patients attending our emergency department with periorbital injuries. Findings from 17 signs or symptoms of facial injury were recorded on a validated tool. The relationship between clinical presentation and displaced zygomatico-maxillary fracture was assessed using diagnostic test parameters and tests for correlation...
August 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607870/ultrasonographic-images-of-nasal-bone-fractures-with-water-used-as-the-coupling-medium
#20
Yuka Shigemura, Koichi Ueda, Jun Akamatsu, Naoya Sugita, Takashi Nuri, Yuki Otsuki
BACKGROUND: Ultrasonography can show local and superficial fractures of the nasal bone. However, it is difficult to see the whole nasal bone. We used water as the coupling medium for ultrasonography. METHODS: This method was used in 76 nasal bone fracture cases from July 2011 to March 2013, and we could obtain clear images of the entire nasal bone and surrounding bones. However, in some images, there were artifacts and blurred areas. The patterns of blurring were classified and their causes were analyzed...
May 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
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