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salivary neoplasm

F Bootz, S Greschus, T van Bremen
The parapharyngeal space extends from the nasopharynx to the oropharynx. It is bordered medially by the pharyngeal wall and the constrictor pharyngis muscles, and laterally by the mandible. One distinguishes between a pre- and a poststyloid space. Tumors of the parapharyngeal space are rare and represent less than 1 % of all head and neck neoplasms. Benign (70-80 %) as well as malignant (20-30 %) tumors arise from different structures of the parapharyngeal space, mainly from salivary glands and nerve structures...
October 18, 2016: HNO
Ying Yuan, Jingbo Wang, Yingwei Wu, Guojun Li, Xiaofeng Tao
Based on the histopathologic origin, malignant maxillary neoplasms may share some clinical characteristics but have different biological behavior, treatments, and prognoses. The aim of the present study was to explore the association between CT characteristics and tissue origin of primary maxillary cancer (MC). A retrospective review of CT findings was performed in patients diagnosed with MC between January 1, 2005 and December 31, 2013. Univariate and multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed to determine the association between tissue of origin and CT characteristics, with adjustment for possible confounding factors...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Betty Chen, Joshua I Hentzelman, Ronald J Walker, Jin-Ping Lai
Background. Submandibular oncocytomas are rare benign salivary gland neoplasms. They are typically found in Caucasian patients aged 50-70 years with no gender preference. Due to the overlapping histological and clinical features of head and neck tumors, they are often misdiagnosed. Methods. We report a case of unilateral submandibular gland oncocytoma in a 63-year-old Caucasian man. Results. The patient underwent unilateral submandibular gland resection and histopathologic analysis of the tumor specimen. On follow-up at 2 weeks and 1 year, no recurrence was identified...
2016: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Ranjini Kudva, Bhavna Nayal, Swarna Kantipudi, Satadru Ray
Metastasis to the oral cavity is a rare occurrence with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) being the third most common tumor to metastasize to this location. Buccal mucosa is rarely involved and in the absence of a known primary, such lesions pose a diagnostic challenge to the pathologist. The histomorphological features may mimic a primary salivary gland neoplasm adding to the dilemma. We present one such case of metastatic RCC of the buccal mucosa.
September 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Chetana Chandrasekar, Naser Salati, Lakshmi Rao, Raghu Radhakrishnan
Salivary duct carcinoma (SDC) is a high-grade adenocarcinoma arising from the ductal epithelium of salivary glands which rarely involves the minor salivary glands. The varied histological presentation in the minor salivary gland tumors makes them the most heterogeneous group of neoplasms, making the diagnosis a challenge. This report highlights the importance of immunohistochemical markers in the definitive diagnosis of SDC.
September 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
A García-Kass, A Herrero-Sánchez, G Esparza-Gómez
The cancer which appears in the mobile portion of the tongue is the most common neoplasm of the oral cavity. The objective of this study was to analyse oral tongue cancer epidemiology in a population of 610 patients diagnosed between 1990 and 2008 and detailed in the Tumour Registry of the Madrid region. _Material and Methods: A retrospective analysis based on the following variables provided in the Tumour Registry was achieved: age, gender, histology, stage, location, treatment. Descriptive and analytic statistics with these variables, using Pearson's Chi-square test to study the relationship between the qualitative variables...
October 1, 2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
Cintia Arjona Aguilera, Raquel De la Varga Martínez, Lidia Ossorio García, David Jiménez-Gallo, Cristina Albarrán Planelles, Mario Linares Barrios
Brooke-Spiegler Syndrome (BSS) is a rare genodermatosis characterized by the progressive formation of adnexal skin tumors in the scalp and face, mainly trichoepitheliomas, cylindromas, and spiradenomas. It has also been associated with salivary glands neoplasms. It is due to mutations in the tumor suppressor gene cylindromatosis (CYLD gene) localized on chromosome 16q12-q13. Around 93 mutations have been described. The study of CYLD gene in patients and their relatives is of vital importance to establish the molecular diagnosis and offer appropriate genetic counseling...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Magdalena Bodnar, Paweł Burduk, Paulina Antosik, Małgorzata Jarmuz-Szymczak, Malgorzata Wierzbicka, Andrzej Marszalek
BACKGROUND: The role of BRAF mutations in cancerogenesis has been demonstrated in several solid tumor types. However, in salivary gland tumors, this genetic alteration is very uncommon, and its role still remains unclear. Thus, the aim of this study was to analyze BRAF V600E (VE1) protein expression with BRAF mutation status in codon 600, in malignant and benign salivary gland tumors. METHODS: Studies were performed on archived formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue sections derived from 95 patients who underwent surgery for tumors of the salivary gland...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
Gianluigi Grilli, Vanessa Suarez, María Gabriela Muñoz, María Costales, José Luis Llorente
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to present our experience with the diagnostic and therapeutic approaches for parapharyngeal space tumours. PATIENTS AND METHOD: This study is a retrospective review of 90 patients diagnosed with tumours of the parapharyngeal space and treated surgically between 1984 and 2015. Patients whose tumours were not primary but invaded the parapharyngeal space expanding from another region, tumours originating in the deep lobe of the parotid gland and head and neck metastasis were excluded from this study...
September 20, 2016: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
Ekarat Phattarataratip, Marisa Masorn, Werapong Jarupoonphol, Sirinpaporn Supatthanayut, Pichanee Saeoweiang
Epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM) is the epithelial-specific molecule expressed on various epithelial cell types. The function of EpCAM involves cellular adhesion, proliferation, and signaling in both normal tissues and cancers. The purposes of this study were to investigate the EpCAM expression in salivary gland neoplasms and examine its relationship with pathologic characteristics. Forty-two cases of salivary gland neoplasms, including 20 mucoepidermoid carcinomas (MECs), 11 adenoid cystic carcinomas (ACCs), 9 pleomorphic adenomas (PAs), and 2 polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinomas (PLGAs) were enrolled...
October 2016: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
E Brauner, S Jamshir, G Guarino, A Ciolfi, V Valentini, G Pompa, S Di Carlo
OBJECTIVE: Although tumors of minor salivary glands are rare, the pleomorphic adenoma is the most common pathology among the benign neoplasm and can be found with high prevalence in the junction between hard palate and soft palate. Most of the maxillary tumors are surgically treated through either a total or partial maxillectomy. However, surgical defects lead to both clinical and psychologic disorders for the patient. A postoperative obturator prosthesis is a good option in patients who underwent maxillectomy...
September 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Derek A Escalante, He Wang, Christopher E Fundakowski
Fusion proteins resulting from chromosomal rearrangements are known to drive the pathogenesis of a variety of hematological and solid neoplasms such as chronic myeloid leukemia and non-small-cell lung cancer. Efforts to elucidate the role they play in these malignancies have led to important diagnostic and therapeutic triumphs, including the famous development of the tyrosine kinase inhibitor dasatinib targeting the BCR-ABL fusion. Until recently, there has been a paucity of research investigating fusion proteins harbored by head and neck neoplasms...
August 15, 2016: Cancer Biology & Therapy
Aaron P Rupp, Thèrése J Bocklage
Mammary analog secretory carcinoma (MASC) is a recently described rare neoplasm that was first reported in the salivary gland with an associated ETV6-NTRK3 fusion. We present a case of MASC involving and presumably arising in the thyroid, which was originally diagnosed as papillary thyroid carcinoma on fine needle aspiration and surgical resection. The later correct diagnosis of MASC was confirmed by immunohistochemistry and molecular studies. The cytopathological features of MASC in the salivary gland are previously described; however, we present the first cytopathological description of MASC arising in the thyroid with the unique feature of prominent nuclear grooves...
September 15, 2016: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Justin A Bishop, Janis M Taube, Albert Su, Scott W Binder, Dmitry V Kazakov, Michal Michal, William H Westra
Mammary analogue secretory carcinoma is a low-grade salivary gland carcinoma that exhibits analogous features to secretory carcinoma of the breast including the presence of a t(12;15) translocation resulting in the ETV6-NTRK3 gene fusion. Rare cases of purported secretory carcinoma of the skin adnexa have been reported, but their relationship to true secretory carcinoma of the breast and salivary glands is unclear, as they generally do not harbor ETV6 rearrangements. Cases of cutaneous neoplasms with histologic features identical to secretory carcinoma of the breast and salivary glands were identified from the consultation files of 3 academic medical institutions...
September 14, 2016: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Nikhil I Malgaonkar, Abdulwahab Abuderman, M Y Kharma, S A Al-Maweri, N A Alaizari, Ma Altamimi, S Darwish, Bassel Tarakji
INTRODUCTION: Salivary gland neoplasms are not uncommon lesions that are seen in the head and neck region. The role of cell cycle regulators as well as that of oncogenes remains unexplored in the pathogenesis of these neoplasms. AIM: Present study was conducted to evaluate the expression of p27 in the three common salivary gland neoplasms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 34 cases (19 pleomorphic adenoma, 8 mucoepidermoid carcinoma and 7 adenoid cystic carcinoma) were included...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Danielle Bury, Mugtaba Dafalla, Shabada Ahmed, Henrik Hellquist
Acinic cell carcinoma (ACC) is commonly thought of as a low grade malignant salivary neoplasm, and possibly has the best prognosis of all salivary malignancies with a 10-year survival of almost 90%. High grade transformation (HGT) in these tumours is a relatively rare event but is increasingly being reported. HGT (formerly referred to as dedifferentiation) in acinic cell carcinoma has shown to drastically reduce the survival rates and its recognition is imperative as more aggressive clinical management is needed...
August 22, 2016: Pathology, Research and Practice
Omonigho A Aisagbonhi, Mark A Tulecke, David C Wilbur, Atoussa Goldar-Najafi, Shams Iqbal, Peter M Sadow, William C Faquin
OBJECTIVES: Epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma (EMC) is a rare salivary gland malignancy associated with an overall good prognosis. Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) typically shows a dual population of myoepithelial and ductal cells. Rarely, acellular matrix globules are present, raising a differential diagnosis of adenoid cystic carcinoma (AdCC), a more aggressive salivary gland malignancy associated with a poor long-term prognosis. We report an FNA case of EMC containing a predominant pattern of AdCC-like spherical globules...
September 10, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
Henrik Hellquist, Alena Skalova, Bahram Azadeh
Salivary gland hybrid tumour, first described in 1996, is a very rare neoplasm for which exact morphological criteria have not been universally agreed upon. In contrast, the concept of high-grade transformation (HGT) in salivary neoplasms has been widely accepted during the last decade, and the number of reported cases is rapidly increasing. A review of the literature revealed 38 cases of hybrid tumour reported in 22 publications. During approximately the same time period, well over 100 cases of HGT in salivary neoplasms have been reported...
September 7, 2016: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
Archana Shetty, V Geethamani
INTRODUCTION: Neoplastic lesions of salivary glands present an interesting subject because of their histologic diversification. Complex features exhibited by them have aroused considerable speculations concerning their histogenesis and continues to hold the interest of clinicians and pathologists. Major salivary glands are superficial and have easy accessibility for fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC). These glands are generally not subjected to incisional or core needle biopsy, because of the possible risks of fistula formation and tumor seedling...
May 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Matthew J Mifsud, Jon N Burton, Andy M Trotti, Tapan A Padhya
BACKGROUND: Salivary carcinomas are a rare group of biologically diverse neoplasms affecting the head and neck. The wide array of different histological entities and clinical presentations has historically limited attempts to establish well-defined treatment algorithms. In general, low-risk lesions can be managed with a single treatment modality, whereas advanced lesions require a more complex, multidisciplinary approach. METHODS: The relevant literature was reviewed, focusing on diagnostic and treatment algorithms for salivary malignancies...
July 2016: Cancer Control: Journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center
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