Read by QxMD icon Read


A S M Iftekhar Uddin, Usman Yaqoob, Gwiy-Sang Chung
Herein we report an enhanced triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG) based on the contact-separation mode between a patterned film of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) with a semi-metallic elastomer of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) and a nylon fiber film. The addition of ethylene glycol to the PEDOT:PSS film improves the functionality of the TENG significantly, yielding promising applicability in both indoor and outdoor (i.e., under sunlight) environments, with the maximum instantaneous power of 0...
October 21, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Inyoung Lee, Takashi Sode, Noya Loew, Wakako Tsugawa, Christopher Robin Lowe, Koji Sode
An ultimate goal for those engaged in research to develop implantable medical devices is to develop mechatronic implantable artificial organs such as artificial pancreas. Such devices would comprise at least a sensor module, an actuator module, and a controller module. For the development of optimal mechatronic implantable artificial organs, these modules should be self-powered and autonomously operated. In this study, we aimed to develop a microcontroller using the BioCapacitor principle. A direct electron transfer type glucose dehydrogenase was immobilized onto mesoporous carbon, and then deposited on the surface of a miniaturized Au electrode (7mm(2)) to prepare a miniaturized enzyme anode...
September 28, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Yu Chen, Xiaojing Mu, Tao Wang, Weiwei Ren, Ya Yang, Zhong Lin Wang, Chengliang Sun, Alex Yuandong Gu
Here, we report a stable and predictable aero-elastic motion in the flow-driven energy harvester, which is different from flapping and vortex-induced-vibration (VIV). A unified theoretical frame work that describes the flutter phenomenon observed in both "stiff" and "flexible" materials for flow driven energy harvester was presented in this work. We prove flutter in both types of materials is the results of the coupled effects of torsional and bending modes. Compared to "stiff" materials, which has a flow velocity-independent flutter frequency, flexible material presents a flutter frequency that almost linearly scales with the flow velocity...
October 14, 2016: Scientific Reports
Hyeon Jun Sim, Changsoon Choi, Shi Hyeong Kim, Kang Min Kim, Chang Jun Lee, Youn Tae Kim, Xavier Lepró, Ray H Baughman, Seon Jeong Kim
Stretchable fiber and yarn triboelectric nanogenerator are sought for such applications as wearable sensing system such as cloth communication devices, electronic textiles, and robotic sensory skin. Unfortunately, previously reported triboelectric fiber and yarn are difficult to have stretchable property. We introduce here a new type of stretchable and weavable triboelectric fibers with microdiameter dimensions. The stretchable triboelectric fibers can be reversibly stretched up to 50% in tensile direction while generating voltage output proportional to the applied tensile strain...
October 11, 2016: Scientific Reports
Wen-Chiang Hong, Chieh-Jen Ku, Rui Li, Siamak Abbaslou, Pavel Reyes, Szu-Ying Wang, Guangyuan Li, Ming Lu, Kuang Sheng, Yicheng Lu
Building integrated photovoltaics (BIPV) have attracted considerable interests because of its aesthetically attractive appearance and overall low cost. In BIPV, system integration on a glass substrate like windows is essential to cover a large area of a building with low cost. However, the conventional high voltage devices in inverters have to be built on the specially selected single crystal substrates, limiting its application for large area electronic systems, such as the BIPV. We demonstrate a Magnesium Zinc Oxide (MZO) based high voltage thin film transistor (HVTFT) built on a transparent glass substrate...
October 10, 2016: Scientific Reports
W Deng, L Jin, B Zhang, Y Chen, L Mao, H Zhang, W Yang
A tactile sensor is an essential component for realizing biomimetic robots, while the flexibility of the tactile sensor is a pivotal feature for its application, especially for electronic skin. In this work, a flexible self-powered tactile sensor array was designed based on the piezoelectricity of ZnO nanorods (NRs). The field-limited ordered ZnO NRs were synthesized on a flexible Kapton substrate to serve as the functional layer of the tactile sensor. The electrical output performances of the as-fabricated tactile sensor were measured under pressing and bending forces...
September 15, 2016: Nanoscale
Hyelynn Song, Taewoo Kim, Hyeongwook Im, Raquel Ovalle-Robles, Tae June Kang, Yong Hyup Kim
A carbon nanotube (CNT) sheet nanogenerator that does not require any liquid or gas flow for power generation is developed on the basis of Coulombic interactions, making the device attractive as a building block for self-powered sensors. The working principle of the CNT nanogenerator is probed in terms of sweeping speed, distance between charged object and nanotube sheet, surface charge, and number of layers of nanotube sheet. The nature of the CNT sheet and its formation process is such that simply winding the CNT sheet stripe n times around a substrate leads to increasing the power n times...
September 22, 2016: Nanoscale
Hao Wang, Giorgia Pastorin, Chengkuo Lee
A wearable adhesive skin patch for transdermal drug delivery is developed with bendable microneedles, dry adhesive and triboelectric energy harvester (TEH). The bendable microneedle array can overcome the needle breakage issue. The dry adhesive can realize a conformal attachment. The TEH can generate power when attached on flat skin or joint to power active components to be integrated in the future.
September 2016: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
Zhisheng Chai, Nannan Zhang, Peng Sun, Yi Huang, Chuanxi Zhao, Hong Jin Fan, Xing Fan, Wenjie Mai
The pursuit of harmonic combination of technology and fashion intrinsically points to the development of smart garments. Herein, we present an all-solid tailorable energy textile possessing integrated function of simultaneous solar energy harvesting and storage, and we call it tailorable textile device. Our technique makes it possible to tailor the multifunctional textile into any designed shape without impairing its performance and produce stylish smart energy garments for wearable self-powering system with enhanced user experience and more room for fashion design...
October 5, 2016: ACS Nano
Qiang Zheng, Yiming Jin, Zhuo Liu, Han Ouyang, Hu Li, Bojing Shi, Wen Jiang, Hao Zhang, Zhou Li, Zhong Lin Wang
Harvesting biomechanical energy especially in vivo is of special significance for sustainable powering of wearable/implantable electronics. The triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG) is one of the most promising solutions considering its high efficiency, low cost, light weight, and easy fabrication, but its performance will be greatly affected if there is moisture or liquid leaked into the device when applied in vivo. Here, we demonstrate a multiple encapsulation process of the TENG to maintain its output performance in various harsh environments...
October 3, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Santanu Jana, Samiran Garain, Sujoy Kumar Ghosh, Shrabanee Sen, Dipankar Mandal
Polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) films are filled with various mass fractions (wt%) of zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO-NPs) to fabricate the high performance of a wearable polymer composite nanogenerator (PCNG). The ZnO-NPs can induced a fully γ-crystalline phase in PVDF, where traditional electrical poling is not necessary for the generation of piezoelectric properties. The PCNG delivers up to 28 V of open circuit voltage and 450 nA of short circuit current by simple repeated human finger imparting (under a pressure amplitude of 8...
September 29, 2016: Nanotechnology
Jintao Zhang, Liming Dai
Electrocatalysts are required for clean energy technologies (for example, water-splitting and metal-air batteries). The development of a multifunctional electrocatalyst composed of nitrogen, phosphorus, and fluorine tri-doped graphene is reported, which was obtained by thermal activation of a mixture of polyaniline-coated graphene oxide and ammonium hexafluorophosphate (AHF). It was found that thermal decomposition of AHF provides nitrogen, phosphorus, and fluorine sources for tri-doping with N, P, and F, and simultaneously facilitates template-free formation of porous structures as a result of thermal gas evolution...
October 10, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
Yingzhou Han, Yalu Cao, Jingjing Zhao, Yajiang Yin, Liangchen Ye, Xiaofeng Wang, Zheng You
Biomechanical energy harvesting is a feasible solution for powering wearable sensors by directly driving electronics or acting as wearable self-powered sensors. A wearable insole that not only can harvest energy from foot pressure during walking but also can serve as a self-powered human motion recognition sensor is reported. The insole is designed as a sandwich structure consisting of two wavy silica gel film separated by a flexible piezoelectric foil stave, which has higher performance compared with conventional piezoelectric harvesters with cantilever structure...
2016: Sensors
Francesca Soavi, Luca Giacomo Bettini, Paolo Piseri, Paolo Milani, Carlo Santoro, Plamen Atanassov, Catia Arbizzani
Supercapacitors (SCs) are playing a key role for the development of self-powered and self-sustaining integrated systems for different fields ranging from remote sensing, robotics and medical devices. SC miniaturization and integration into more complex systems that include energy harvesters and functional devices are valuable strategies that address system autonomy. Here, we discuss about novel SC fabrication and integration approaches. Specifically, we report about the results of interdisciplinary activities on the development of thin, flexible SCs by an additive technology based on Supersonic Cluster Beam Deposition (SCBD) to be implemented into supercapacitive electrolyte gated transistors and supercapacitive microbial fuel cells...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Power Sources
In Kyu Moon, Bugeun Ki, Seonno Yoon, Jungwoo Oh
Lightweight, simple and flexible self-powered photodetectors are urgently required for the development and application of advanced optical systems for the future of wearable electronic technology. Here, using a low-temperature reduction process, we report a chemical approach for producing freestanding monolithic reduced graphene oxide papers with different gradients of the carbon/oxygen concentration ratio. We also demonstrate a novel type of freestanding monolithic reduced graphene oxide self-powered photodetector based on a symmetrical metal-semiconductor-metal structure...
2016: Scientific Reports
Mohsen Asadnia, Ajay Giri Prakash Kottapalli, K Domenica Karavitaki, Majid Ebrahimi Warkiani, Jianmin Miao, David P Corey, Michael Triantafyllou
We report the development of a new class of miniature all-polymer flow sensors that closely mimic the intricate morphology of the mechanosensory ciliary bundles in biological hair cells. An artificial ciliary bundle is achieved by fabricating bundled polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) micro-pillars with graded heights and electrospinning polyvinylidenefluoride (PVDF) piezoelectric nanofiber tip links. The piezoelectric nature of a single nanofiber tip link is confirmed by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR)...
2016: Scientific Reports
Felismina T C Moreira, M Goreti F Sale, Mirella Di Lorenzo
Serious brain disorders, such as the Alzheimer's Disease (AD), are associated with a marked drop in the levels of important neurotransmitters, such as acetylcholine (ACh). Real time monitoring of such biomarkers can therefore play a critical role in enhancing AD therapies by allowing timely diagnosis, verifications of treatment effectiveness, and developments of new medicines. In this study, we present the first acetylcholine/oxygen hybrid enzymatic fuel cell for the self-powered on site detection of ACh in plasma, which is based on the combination of an enzymatic anode with a Pt cathode...
August 30, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Ye Ma, Qiang Zheng, Yang Liu, Bojin Shi, Xiang Xue, Weiping Ji, Zhuo Liu, Yiming Jin, Yang Zou, Zhao An, Wei Zhang, Xinxin Wang, Wen Jiang, Zhiyun Xu, Zhong Lin Wang, Zhou Li, Hao Zhang
Operation time of implantable electronic devices is largely constrained by the lifetime of batteries, which have to be replaced periodically by surgical procedures once exhausted, causing physical and mental suffering to patients and increasing healthcare costs. Besides the efficient scavenging of the mechanical energy of internal organs, this study proposes a self-powered, flexible, and one-stop implantable triboelectric active sensor (iTEAS) that can provide continuous monitoring of multiple physiological and pathological signs...
October 12, 2016: Nano Letters
Kun Zhao, Zhong Lin Wang, Ya Yang
Wireless sensor networks will be responsible for a majority of the fast growth in intelligent systems in the next decade. However, most of the wireless smart sensor nodes require an external power source such as a Li-ion battery, where the labor cost and environmental waste issues of replacing batteries have largely limited the practical applications. Instead of using a Li-ion battery, we report an ultrastable, highly efficient, and superhydrophobic-surface-based triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG) to scavenge wind energy for sustainably powering a wireless smart temperature sensor node...
September 27, 2016: ACS Nano
Hongyu Chen, Pingping Yu, Zhenzhong Zhang, Feng Teng, Lingxia Zheng, Kai Hu, Xiaosheng Fang
A high sensitivity self-powered solar-blind photodetector is successfully constructed based on the polyaniline/MgZnO bilayer. The maximum responsivity of the photodetector is 160 μA W(-1) at 250 nm under 0 V bias. The device also exhibits a high on/off ratio of ≈10(4) under 250 nm illumination at a relatively weak light intensity of 130 μW cm(-2) without any power.
September 5, 2016: Small
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"