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Yanhu Wang, Chaomin Gao, Shenguang Ge, Lina Zhang, Jinghua Yu, Mei Yan
By incorporating the Prussian Blue (PB) electrochromic display as cathode, a solar-driven photoelectrochemical (PEC) cell was constructed through combining sandwich-structured graphite-like carbon nitride (g-C3N4)-Au-branched-titanium dioxide (B-TiO2) nanorods as photoanode for self-powered hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) sensing, which exhibits both direct photoelectrochemical and electrochromic response. The gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) sandwiched between the B-TiO2 nanorods and the g-C3N4 layer served as electron relay as well as plasmonic photosensitizer to enhance the solar-to-chemical energy conversion efficiency...
November 11, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Kang Liu, Yishu Zhou, Fang Yuan, Xiaobao Mo, Peihua Yang, Qian Chen, Jia Li, Tianpeng Ding, Jun Zhou
Herein we report a self-powered multimodal temperature and force sensor based on the reverse electrowetting effect and the thermogalvanic effect in a liquid droplet. The deformation of the droplet and the temperature difference across the droplet can induce an alternating pulse voltage and a direct voltage, respectively, which is easy to separate/analyze and can be utilized to sense the external force and temperature simultaneously. In addition, an integral display system that can derive information from external temperature/force concurrently is constructed...
November 16, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
In Kyu Moon, Bugeun Ki, Seonno Yoon, Jongwan Choi, Jungwoo Oh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 11, 2016: Scientific Reports
Zixia Huang, David Jebb, Emma C Teeling
BACKGROUND: Chiroptera, the bats, are the only order of mammals capable of true self-powered flight. Bats exhibit a number of other exceptional traits such as echolocation, viral tolerance and, perhaps most puzzlingly, extreme longevity given their body size. Little is known about the molecular mechanisms driving their extended longevity particularly at the levels of gene expression and post-transcriptional regulation. To elucidate the molecular mechanisms that may underlie their unusual longevity, we have deep sequenced 246...
November 10, 2016: BMC Genomics
Prakriti Adhikary, Anirban Biswas, Dipankar Mandal
Composite nanofibers of Eu(3+) doped poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-hexafluoropropylene) (P(VDF-HFP))/graphene are prepared by the electrospinning technique for the fabrication of ultrasensitive wearable piezoelectric nanogenerators (WPNGs) where the post-poling technique is not necessary. It is found that the complete conversion of the piezoelectric β-phase and the improvement of the degree of crystallinity is governed by the incorporation of Eu(3+) and graphene sheets into P(VDF-HFP) nanofibers. The flexible nanocomposite fibers are associated with a hypersensitive electronic transition that results in an intense red light emission, and WPNGs also have the capability of detecting external pressure as low as ~23 Pa with a higher degree of acoustic sensitivity, ~11 V Pa(-1), than has ever been previously reported...
December 9, 2016: Nanotechnology
Zhen Wen, Min-Hsin Yeh, Hengyu Guo, Jie Wang, Yunlong Zi, Weidong Xu, Jianan Deng, Lei Zhu, Xin Wang, Chenguo Hu, Liping Zhu, Xuhui Sun, Zhong Lin Wang
Wearable electronics fabricated on lightweight and flexible substrate are believed to have great potential for portable devices, but their applications are limited by the life span of their batteries. We propose a hybridized self-charging power textile system with the aim of simultaneously collecting outdoor sunshine and random body motion energies and then storing them in an energy storage unit. Both of the harvested energies can be easily converted into electricity by using fiber-shaped dye-sensitized solar cells (for solar energy) and fiber-shaped triboelectric nanogenerators (for random body motion energy) and then further stored as chemical energy in fiber-shaped supercapacitors...
October 2016: Science Advances
Minkyung Sim, Kyunghwa Lee, Yeri Jeong, Jeonghee Shin, Jung Inn Sohn, Seung Nam Cha, Jae Eun Jang
Structural design factors of sensor units have been studied in order to enhance the sensitivity of pressure sensors based on utilizing a piezoelectric material for an artificial tactile sensor. In this study, we have primarily demonstrated the effect of a square pattern array design in a pressure sensor using ZnO nanowires. Nanowires grown on the edge of cells can be bent easily because of growth direction, density control, and buckling effect. Since smaller square pattern arrays induce a higher circumference to cell area ratio, if one sensor unit consists of many micro-level square pattern arrays, the design enhances the piezoelectric efficiency and the sensitivity...
October 27, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Nanobioscience
Min Hao Wong, Juan P Giraldo, Seon-Yeong Kwak, Volodymyr B Koman, Rosalie Sinclair, Tedrick Thomas Salim Lew, Gili Bisker, Pingwei Liu, Michael S Strano
Plant nanobionics aims to embed non-native functions to plants by interfacing them with specifically designed nanoparticles. Here, we demonstrate that living spinach plants (Spinacia oleracea) can be engineered to serve as self-powered pre-concentrators and autosamplers of analytes in ambient groundwater and as infrared communication platforms that can send information to a smartphone. The plants employ a pair of near-infrared fluorescent nanosensors-single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) conjugated to the peptide Bombolitin II to recognize nitroaromatics via infrared fluorescent emission, and polyvinyl-alcohol functionalized SWCNTs that act as an invariant reference signal-embedded within the plant leaf mesophyll...
October 31, 2016: Nature Materials
Kewei Zhang, Zhong Lin Wang, Ya Yang
The pyro-phototronic effect is based on the coupling among photoexcitation, pyroelectricity, and semiconductor charge transport in pyroelectric materials, which can be utilized to modulate photoexcited carriers to enhance the output performance of solar cells. Herein, we have demonstrated the largely enhanced output performance of a P3HT/ZnO nanowire array photovoltaic cell (PVC) by using the pyro-phototronic effect under weak light illuminations. By applying an external cooling temperature variation, the output current and voltage of the PVC can be dramatically enhanced by 18% and 152% under indoor light illumination, respectively...
November 1, 2016: ACS Nano
Liang Shen, Yanjun Fang, Dong Wang, Yang Bai, Yehao Deng, Mengmeng Wang, Yongfeng Lu, Jinsong Huang
A self-powered,solution-processed perovskite photodetector with sub-nanosecond response time is presented. Eliminating charge trapping and removing the constraints from the resistance-capacitance constant increases the response speed, which enables them to be applied in a homemade, time-resolved photoluminescence system that successfully resolves the decay process of typical fluorescence and phosphorescent materials with a recombination lifetime from several nanoseconds to microseconds.
October 26, 2016: Advanced Materials
Zheng Lou, Guozhen Shen
Flexible photodetectors with excellent flexibility, high mechanical stability and good detectivity, have attracted great research interest in recent years. 1D inorganic nanostructures provide a number of opportunities and capabilities for use in flexible photodetectors as they have unique geometry, good transparency, outstanding mechanical flexibility, and excellent electronic/optoelectronic properties. This article offers a comprehensive review of several types of flexible photodetectors based on 1D nanostructures from the past ten years, including flexible ultraviolet, visible, and infrared photodetectors...
June 2016: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
Guangjie Zhang, Qingliang Liao, Zheng Zhang, Qijie Liang, Yingli Zhao, Xin Zheng, Yue Zhang
A piezoelectric paper based on BaTiO3 (BTO) nanoparticles and bacterial cellulose (BC) with excellent output properties for application of nanogenerators (NGs) is reported. A facile and scalable vacuum filtration method is used to fabricate the piezoelectric paper. The BTO/BC piezoelectric paper based NG shows outstanding output performance with open-circuit voltage of 14 V and short-circuit current density of 190 nA cm(-2). The maximum power density generated by this unique BTO/BC structure is more than ten times higher than BTO/polydimethylsiloxane structure...
February 2016: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
Qingdi Zhu, Dieter Trau
Surface-tension-driven capillary systems (CSs) enable self-powered delivery of samples and reagents for bioassays and thus are especially suitable for point-of-care applications. Current silicon and polymer based CSs require extensive work in professional cleanroom for the fabrication of either the silicon device itself or the micromold for polymer processing. In this work, we fabricated a PEG-based CS in a one-step photopolymerization process without the requirement of any cleanroom work. Water, buffer and serum can flow autonomously in this CS and the liquid flow rate can be tuned by modification with surfactant solution of different concentrations...
January 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
A S M Iftekhar Uddin, Usman Yaqoob, Gwiy-Sang Chung
Herein we report an enhanced triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG) based on the contact-separation mode between a patterned film of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) with a semi-metallic elastomer of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) and a nylon fiber film. The addition of ethylene glycol to the PEDOT:PSS film improves the functionality of the TENG significantly, yielding promising applicability in both indoor and outdoor (i.e., under sunlight) environments, with the maximum instantaneous power of 0...
October 21, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Inyoung Lee, Takashi Sode, Noya Loew, Wakako Tsugawa, Christopher Robin Lowe, Koji Sode
An ultimate goal for those engaged in research to develop implantable medical devices is to develop mechatronic implantable artificial organs such as artificial pancreas. Such devices would comprise at least a sensor module, an actuator module, and a controller module. For the development of optimal mechatronic implantable artificial organs, these modules should be self-powered and autonomously operated. In this study, we aimed to develop a microcontroller using the BioCapacitor principle. A direct electron transfer type glucose dehydrogenase was immobilized onto mesoporous carbon, and then deposited on the surface of a miniaturized Au electrode (7mm(2)) to prepare a miniaturized enzyme anode...
September 28, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Yu Chen, Xiaojing Mu, Tao Wang, Weiwei Ren, Ya Yang, Zhong Lin Wang, Chengliang Sun, Alex Yuandong Gu
Here, we report a stable and predictable aero-elastic motion in the flow-driven energy harvester, which is different from flapping and vortex-induced-vibration (VIV). A unified theoretical frame work that describes the flutter phenomenon observed in both "stiff" and "flexible" materials for flow driven energy harvester was presented in this work. We prove flutter in both types of materials is the results of the coupled effects of torsional and bending modes. Compared to "stiff" materials, which has a flow velocity-independent flutter frequency, flexible material presents a flutter frequency that almost linearly scales with the flow velocity...
October 14, 2016: Scientific Reports
Hyeon Jun Sim, Changsoon Choi, Shi Hyeong Kim, Kang Min Kim, Chang Jun Lee, Youn Tae Kim, Xavier Lepró, Ray H Baughman, Seon Jeong Kim
Stretchable fiber and yarn triboelectric nanogenerator are sought for such applications as wearable sensing system such as cloth communication devices, electronic textiles, and robotic sensory skin. Unfortunately, previously reported triboelectric fiber and yarn are difficult to have stretchable property. We introduce here a new type of stretchable and weavable triboelectric fibers with microdiameter dimensions. The stretchable triboelectric fibers can be reversibly stretched up to 50% in tensile direction while generating voltage output proportional to the applied tensile strain...
October 11, 2016: Scientific Reports
Wen-Chiang Hong, Chieh-Jen Ku, Rui Li, Siamak Abbaslou, Pavel Reyes, Szu-Ying Wang, Guangyuan Li, Ming Lu, Kuang Sheng, Yicheng Lu
Building integrated photovoltaics (BIPV) have attracted considerable interests because of its aesthetically attractive appearance and overall low cost. In BIPV, system integration on a glass substrate like windows is essential to cover a large area of a building with low cost. However, the conventional high voltage devices in inverters have to be built on the specially selected single crystal substrates, limiting its application for large area electronic systems, such as the BIPV. We demonstrate a Magnesium Zinc Oxide (MZO) based high voltage thin film transistor (HVTFT) built on a transparent glass substrate...
October 10, 2016: Scientific Reports
W Deng, L Jin, B Zhang, Y Chen, L Mao, H Zhang, W Yang
A tactile sensor is an essential component for realizing biomimetic robots, while the flexibility of the tactile sensor is a pivotal feature for its application, especially for electronic skin. In this work, a flexible self-powered tactile sensor array was designed based on the piezoelectricity of ZnO nanorods (NRs). The field-limited ordered ZnO NRs were synthesized on a flexible Kapton substrate to serve as the functional layer of the tactile sensor. The electrical output performances of the as-fabricated tactile sensor were measured under pressing and bending forces...
September 15, 2016: Nanoscale
Hyelynn Song, Taewoo Kim, Hyeongwook Im, Raquel Ovalle-Robles, Tae June Kang, Yong Hyup Kim
A carbon nanotube (CNT) sheet nanogenerator that does not require any liquid or gas flow for power generation is developed on the basis of Coulombic interactions, making the device attractive as a building block for self-powered sensors. The working principle of the CNT nanogenerator is probed in terms of sweeping speed, distance between charged object and nanotube sheet, surface charge, and number of layers of nanotube sheet. The nature of the CNT sheet and its formation process is such that simply winding the CNT sheet stripe n times around a substrate leads to increasing the power n times...
September 22, 2016: Nanoscale
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