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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913512/annals-for-educators-19-june-2018
#1
Darren B Taichman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913462/curriculum-development-and-implementation-of-a-national-interprofessional-fellowship-in-patient-safety
#2
Bradley V Watts, Linda Williams, Peter D Mills, Douglas E Paull, Jeffrey A Cully, Stuart C Gilman, Robin R Hemphill
OBJECTIVES: Developing a workforce skilled in improving the safety of medical care has often been cited as an important means to achieve safer care. Although some educational programs geared toward patient safety have been developed, few advanced training programs have been described in the literature. We describe the development of a patient safety fellowship program. METHODS: We describe the development and curriculum of an Interprofessional Fellowship in Patient Safety...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913406/teleconference-based-education-of-epileptic-seizure-semiology
#3
Yosuke Kakisaka, Kazutaka Jin, Mayu Fujikawa, Yu Kitazawa, Nobukazu Nakasato
BACKGROUND: To evaluate whether a teleconference-based lecture provides similar understanding of seizure semiology to a face-to-face lecture for physicians. METHODS: Subjects were 66 physicians consisting of adult and pediatric neurologists, neurosurgeons, psychiatrists, and general practitioners. All attended the 30-minute lecture to introduce various types of seizure semiology using video-clips by one of the authors (Yo.K.) and then joined the comprehensive case conference which discussed three cases in 1...
June 12, 2018: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913393/medication-errors-in-a-pediatric-anesthesia-setting-incidence-etiologies-and-error-reduction-strategies
#4
Izabela C Leahy, Meghan Lavoie, David Zurakowski, Amanda W Baier, Robert M Brustowicz
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to: a) characterize the frequency, type, and outcome of anesthetic medication errors spanning an 8.5-year period, b) describe the targeted error reduction strategies and c) measure the effects, if any, of a focused, continuous, multifaceted Medication Safety Program. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. SETTING: All anesthetizing locations (57). PATIENTS: All anesthesia patients at all Boston Children's Hospital anesthetizing locations from January 2008 to June 2016 were included...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913348/from-linear-care-plan-through-concept-map-to-concepto-plan-the-creation-of-an-innovative-and-holistic-care-plan
#5
M Sherry McDonald, Melanie Neumeier, Mark E Olver
Linear care plans have traditionally been used in nursing education to support nursing students in identifying potential and actual health care problems, and to follow up on those issues with nursing interventions. However, the linear care plan does not support the nursing student with learning in-depth critical thinking, clinical reasoning, creative thinking, and other ways of thinking. Concept mapping was introduced as a way to support the nursing student to improve upon critical thinking and clinical reasoning and to identify relationships among the patient's health care problems...
May 26, 2018: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913323/association-between-injection-in-public-places-and-hiv-hcv-risk-behavior-among-people-who-use-drugs-in-ukraine
#6
Alyona Mazhnaya, Karin E Tobin, Jill Owczarzak
BACKGROUND: In Eastern Europe and Central Asia new HIV infections occur at a high rate among people who inject drugs (PWID). Injection risk behavior may be associated with injecting in public places. However, there is a lack of studies exploring this association in Ukraine, which has an HIV prevalence 21-42% among PWID. METHODS: Data came from a baseline survey of PWID recruited to participate in a behavioral HIV prevention intervention. The association between HIV/HCV injection risk behavior and place of injection (private vs...
June 8, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913317/evaluation-of-knowledge-regarding-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-a-bangladeshi-study
#7
B Bhowmik, F Afsana, T Ahmed, T Siddiquee, T Ahmed, F Pathan, H Mahtab, A K A Khan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the level of knowledge about gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in Bangladeshi people. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: This study involving 1374 participants was conducted in 15 outpatient clinics of Diabetic Association of Bangladesh and its affiliated associations, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University and four medical college hospitals in Bangladesh from August 2015 to December 2015...
June 15, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913285/epidemiology-and-clinical-outcomes-of-viral-central-nervous-system-infections
#8
Fatma Ben Abid, Mohammed Abukhattab, Hafedh Ghazouani, Obada Khalil, Ahmed Gohar, Hussam Al Soub, Muna Al Maslamani, Abdullatif Al Khal, Eman Al Masalamani, Said Al Dhahry, Samar Hashim, Faraj Howadi, Adeel A Butt
BACKGROUND: Central nervous system (CNS) viral infections are an important cause of morbidity and mortality. No data are available regarding their epidemiology in Qatar. DESIGN: We retrospectively evaluated all cerebrospinal fluid findings from January 2011-March 2015 at Hamad Medical Corporation. Those with abnormal CSF finding were included in our study. We excluded those with missing medical records, no clinical evidence of viral CNS infection or proven bacterial, fungal or tuberculosis CNS infection...
June 15, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913174/low-dose-aspirin-is-associated-with-reduced-spontaneous-preterm-birth-in-nulliparous-women
#9
Maria Andrikopoulou, Stephanie E Purisch, Roxane Handal-Orefice, Cynthia Gyamfi-Bannerman
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth (PTB) is one of the leading causes of perinatal morbidity and mortality. Clinical data suggests that low dose aspirin may decrease the rate of overall PTB, but investigators have speculated that this is likely due to a decrease in medically indicated PTB through its effect on the incidence of preeclampsia and other placental disease. We hypothesized that low dose aspirin may also impact the mechanism of spontaneous preterm labor. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to determine whether low dose aspirin reduces the rate of spontaneous PTB in nulliparous women without medical co-morbidities...
June 15, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913118/gaining-support-for-child-and-family-policies-by-raising-awareness-of-the-link-between-physical-and-mental-health-and-the-impact-of-social-determinants-on-both
#10
Cheryl Geisthardt, Adam Kloha
Results of a pilot study examining young adults' beliefs about what factors contribute to physical and mental health are reported. Existing research and the results of the pilot study are used to argue for the need for improved education on the connection between physical and mental health, the impact of social determinants on physical and mental health, and the potential for social policies that better the lives of children and families to improve health outcomes. Benefits of and suggestions for increasing understanding of social determinants and social policies on physical and mental health are explored...
June 18, 2018: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913110/facilitators-and-barriers-for-use-of-rotavirus-vaccine-amongst-various-stakeholders-and-its-implications-for-indian-context-a-systematic-review
#11
Aditi Apte, Sudipto Roy, Ashish Bavdekar, Sanjay Juvekar, Siddhivinayak Hirve
BACKGROUND: We performed a systematic review to evaluate factors affecting uptake of rotavirus vaccine amongst physicians, parents and health system. METHODS: We identified 15 studies that met the inclusion criteria from 790 screened studies published between Jan 2005 to Jan 2016. RESULTS: Perceived severity of rotavirus disease, efficacy of vaccine and recommendation by health authorities positively influenced uptake of vaccine amongst health care providers...
June 18, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913108/feasibility-acceptability-and-potential-efficacy-of-a-childcare-based-intervention-to-reduce-sitting-time-among-pre-schoolers-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
Yvonne G Ellis, Dylan P Cliff, Steven J Howard, Anthony D Okely
The aim of this study was to test the feasibility, acceptability and potential efficacy of a childcare-based intervention to reduce total and prolonged sitting time in pre-schoolers. Four centres and 115 pre-schoolers (44 % boys; 4.1y) participated in a 3-month, 2-arm pilot cluster randomised controlled trial. Feasibility and acceptability were assessed through observations and semi-structured interviews. Sitting time, and breaks and bouts of sitting during childcare were assessed using an activPAL accelerometer over a one-week period at pre- and post-test (12wks)...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913102/immunization-rates-of-pneumococcal-influenza-and-tetanus-vaccines-and-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-adult-patients-who-receive-inpatient-treatment-at-hospital-point-prevalence-study
#13
Aziz Ahmad hamİdİ, Beray Gelmez taŞ, Alper GÜndÜz, Safiye Nur Çelebİ, Elif Serap Esen, Dilek Toprak, İlyas DÖkmetaŞ
The safety of vaccines, access to health care, the level of community's knowledge and the attention of physicians play a critical role in the rate of adult vaccination. This study aims to determine the immunization rate of pneumococcal, influenza and tetanus vaccines among the patients and their knowledge and attitudes in the hospital. The study is a cross-sectional point prevalence survey. The patients who agreed to participate in the study were interviewed using a questionnaire. Patients' gender, occupation, educational status, income level and risk factors (immunosuppressed and over 65 years old) were compared with the knowledge and attitudes about vaccinations...
June 18, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913072/postgraduate-clinical-physiotherapy-education-in-acute-hospitals-a-cohort-study
#14
Emma K Bastick, David D O'Keeffe, Melanie K Farlie, Danielle T Ryan, Terry P Haines, Nikki Katz, Jessica L Knight, Laura K Keely, Kelly J Saber, Tamica R Sturgess, Elizabeth H Skinner
BACKGROUND: Junior physiotherapists require satisfactory clinical skills to work effectively within the acute hospital setting for service quality and consistency. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of stream-specific clinical training on junior physiotherapist self-efficacy, self-rated confidence, and self-rated ability to work independently during weekend shifts. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: Eighteen junior physiotherapists...
June 18, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912980/prevalence-of-antibiotic-resistance-in-commensal-escherichia-coli-among-the-children-in-rural-hill-communities-of-northeast-india
#15
Ashish Kumar Singh, Saurav Das, Samer Singh, Varsha Rani Gajamer, Nilu Pradhan, Yangchen Doma Lepcha, Hare Krishna Tiwari
Commensal bacteria are the representative of the reservoir of antibiotic resistance genes present in a community. The usage of antibiotics along with the demographic factors is generally associated with an increase in antibiotics resistance in pathogens. Northeast (NE) India is untapped with regard to antibiotic resistance prevalence and spread. In the current study, the prevalence of antibiotic-resistant commensal Escherichia coli in pre-school and school-going children (n = 550, 1-14 years old) from the rural areas of the state of Sikkim-an NE Indian state, with respect to associated demographic factors was investigated...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912954/impact-of-smartphone-assisted-prenatal-home-visits-on-women-s-use-of-facility-delivery-results-from-a-cluster-randomized-trial-in-rural-tanzania
#16
Kristy Hackett, Curtis Lafleur, Peter Nyella, Ophira Ginsburg, Wendy Lou, Daniel Sellen
BACKGROUND: About half of births in rural Tanzania are assisted by skilled providers. Point-of-care mobile phone applications hold promise in boosting job support for community health workers aiming to ensure safe motherhood through increased facility delivery awareness, access and uptake. We conducted a controlled comparison to evaluate a smartphone-based application designed to assist community health workers with data collection, education delivery, gestational danger sign identification, and referrals...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912903/is-self-sampling-to-test-for-high-risk-papillomavirus-an-acceptable-option-among-women-who-have-been-treated-for-high-grade-cervical-intraepithelial-neoplasia
#17
Sonia Andersson, Karen Belkić, Miriam Mints, Ellinor Östensson
OBJECTIVE: Self-sampling to test for high risk human papilloma virus (HPV) is becoming an increasingly important component of cervical cancer screening. The aim of this observational study is to examine how women treated for high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) view HPV self-sampling. METHODS: Invited to participate in the present study were patients who had undergone treatment of high-grade CIN (grade 2 or higher) and were followed-up at 6-months at the Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912848/identify-abnormalities-in-resting-state-brain-function-between-first-episode-drug-naive-major-depressive-disorder-and-remitted-individuals-a-3-year-retrospective-study
#18
Chunxia Yang, Aixia Zhang, Aixiang Jia, Jack X Ma, Ning Sun, Yanfang Wang, Xinrong Li, Zhifen Liu, Sha Liu, Yong Xu, Kerang Zhang
This study aims to identify and characterize neurobiological markers for major depressive disorder (MDD) from resting-state brain functional MRI. We examined the abnormality in the regional homogeneity (ReHo) and amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF) in first-episode, drug-naive major depressive disorder (fMDD), and remitted major depressive disorder (rMDD) and correlated these fluctuations with clinical markers of MDD. We conducted a retrospective study and reviewed the medical records of 43 patients with fMDD...
June 15, 2018: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912829/automated-metrics-in-a-virtual-reality-myringotomy-simulator-development-and-construct-validity
#19
Caiwen Huang, Horace Cheng, Yves Bureau, Hanif M Ladak, Sumit K Agrawal
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were: 1) to develop and implement a set of automated performance metrics into the Western myringotomy simulator, and 2) to establish construct validity. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective simulator-based assessment study. SETTING: The Auditory Biophysics Laboratory at Western University, London, Ontario, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Eleven participants were recruited from the Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery at Western University: four senior otolaryngology consultants and seven junior otolaryngology residents...
June 15, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912818/sociodemographic-determinants-of-attrition-in-the-hiv-continuum-of-care-in-brazil-in-2016
#20
Ana Roberta Pati Pascom, Mariana Veloso Meireles, Adele Schwartz Benzaken
The aim of this study was to identify sociodemographic factors associated with attrition in the 3 steps of the HIV continuum of care related to the 90-90-90 targets - access to diagnosis, treatment initiation, and virologic suppression, in Brazilian adults (15 years or older), in 2016.Programmatic data were obtained from 2 information systems from the Brazilian Ministry of Health, which register all antiretroviral therapy (ART) dispensations and all CD4 and viral load counts (VL) performed within the country's public health system...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
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