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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325007/building-a-more-diverse-biomedical-engineering-workforce-biomedical-engineering-at-the-university-of-the-district-of-columbia-a-historically-black-college-university
#1
Lara A Thompson, A Segun Adebayo, Nian Zhang, Sasan Haghani, Kathleen Dowell, Devdas Shetty
Biomedical Engineering (BME) is a new, multidisciplinary, and rapidly growing field, however, the BME Workforce suffers from limited ethnic and gender diversity. Despite the demand and growth of this new field due to its public health importance, only 4 out of the 107 Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) nationwide offers a Bachelor's of Science (B.S.) in Bio-Engineering related fields. In order to contribute to a growing BME Workforce, HBCUs need to react and offer more degree-programs relevant to BME...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324948/association-between-visuomotor-adaptation-and-mathematics-skills
#2
M N Anwar, R Rehman, U Hassan
Learning a new motor skill involves multiple cognitive aspects such as attention, planning, prioritizing, execution, and error correction. In current study, we examined whether the students opted for pure mathematics at their undergraduate level have enhanced motor skills as compared to those pursuing biological sciences at the same level of education. A total of twenty subjects participated in a visuomotor adaptation task. The results showed that the overall movement related errors in subjects with mathematics background were lower than the biosciences students (p = 0...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324932/an-ict-and-mobile-health-integrated-approach-to-optimize-patients-education-on-hypertension-and-its-management-by-physicians-the-patients-optimal-strategy-of-treatment-post-pilot-study
#3
Fabio Albini, Xiaoqiu Liu, Camilla Torlasco, Davide Soranna, Andrea Faini, Renata Ciminaghi, Ada Celsi, Matteo Benedetti, Antonella Zambon, Marco di Rienzo, Gianfranco Parati
INTRODUCTION: Uncontrolled hypertension is largely attributed to unsatisfactory doctor's engagement in its optimal management and to poor patients' compliance to therapeutic interventions. ICT and mobile Health solutions might improve these conditions, being widely available and providing highly effective communication strategies. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether ICT and mobile Health tools are able to improve hypertension control by improving doctors' engagement and by increasing patients' education and involvement, and their compliance to lifestyle modification and prescribed drug therapy...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324902/dysphagia-management-in-the-schools-past-present-and-future
#4
Cynthia R O'Donoghue, Elizabeth E Nottingham
As the number of speech-language pathologists (SLPs) responsible for swallowing and feeding services in the educational setting increases, guidance informing this specialized practice continues to emerge. Although SLPs have provided dysphagia management for children in medical settings for many years, the extension of dysphagia services to the schools is comparatively new. This shift in care delivery for what was previously a hospital-based practice is now occurring more frequently, and in an environment void of extensive medical supports (i...
April 2017: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324862/heterogeneity-in-predictive-power-of-early-childhood-nutritional-indicators-for-mid-childhood-outcomes-evidence-from-vietnam
#5
Le Thuc Duc, Jere R Behrman
We utilize longitudinal data on nearly 1800 children in Vietnam to study the predictive power of alternative measures of early childhood undernutrition for outcomes at age eight years: weight-for-age (WAZ8), height-for-age (HAZ8), and education (reading, math and receptive vocabulary). We apply two-stage procedures to derive unpredicted weight gain and height growth in the first year of life. Our estimates show that a standard deviation (SD) increase in birth weight is associated with an increase of 0.14 (standard error [SE]: 0...
March 11, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324806/social-networking-site-sns-use-by-adolescent-mothers-can-social-support-and-social-capital-be-enhanced-by-online-social-networks-a-structured-review-of-the-literature
#6
REVIEW
Samantha Nolan, Joyce Hendricks, Sally Ferguson, Amanda Towell
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: to critically appraise the available literature and summarise the evidence relating to adolescent mothers' use of social networking sites in terms of any social support and social capital they may provide and to identify areas for future exploration. BACKGROUND: social networking sites have been demonstrated to provide social support to marginalised individuals and provide psycho-social benefits to members of such groups. Adolescent mothers are at risk of; social marginalisation; anxiety disorders and depressive symptoms; and poorer health and educational outcomes for their children...
March 7, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324787/interactive-ebooks-in-educating-patients-and-their-families-about-head-injury-regardless-of-age
#7
Ronald Sahyouni, Amin Mahmoodi, Amir Mahmoodi, Melissa Huang, Diem Kieu Tran, Jefferson W Chen
OBJECTIVES: Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is a common and debilitating injury that is particularly prevalent in patients over 60. Given the influence of head injury on dementia (and vice versa), and the increased likelihood of ground-level falls, elderly patients are vulnerable to TBI. Educational interventions can increase knowledge and influence preventative activity to decrease the likelihood of further TBI. We sought to determine the efficacy of interactive tablet-based educational interventions in elderly patients on self-reported knowledge...
March 8, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324483/the-contribution-of-drug-overdose-to-educational-gradients-in-life-expectancy-in-the-united-states-1992-2011
#8
Jessica Y Ho
Since the mid-1990s, the United States has witnessed a dramatic rise in drug overdose mortality. Educational gradients in life expectancy widened over the same period, and drug overdose likely plays a role in this widening, particularly for non-Hispanic whites. The contemporary drug epidemic is distinctive in terms of its scope, the nature of the substances involved, and its geographic patterning, which influence how it impacts different education groups. I use vital statistics and National Health Interview Survey data to examine the contribution of drug overdose to educational gradients in life expectancy from 1992-2011...
March 21, 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324240/neurocognitive-profiles-in-msud-school-age-patients
#9
Juliette Bouchereau, Julie Leduc-Leballeur, Samia Pichard, Apolline Imbard, Jean-François Benoist, Marie-Thérèse Abi Warde, Jean-Baptiste Arnoux, Valérie Barbier, Anaïs Brassier, Pierre Broué, Aline Cano, Brigitte Chabrol, Gilles Damon, Claire Gay, Isabelle Guillain, Florence Habarou, Delphine Lamireau, Chris Ottolenghi, Laetitia Paermentier, Frédérique Sabourdy, Guy Touati, Hélène Ogier de Baulny, Pascale de Lonlay, Manuel Schiff
Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD), an inborn error of amino acids catabolism is characterized by accumulation of branched chain amino acids (BCAAs) leucine, isoleucine, valine and their corresponding alpha-ketoacids. Impact on the cognitive development has been reported historically, with developmental delays of varying degree. Currently, earlier diagnosis and improved management allow a better neurodevelopment, without requirement of special education. However, specific impairments can be observed, and so far, results of detailed neurocognitive assessments are not available...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324226/tobacco-cessation-counseling-attitudes-and-practices-among-yemeni-dental-professionals
#10
Sadeq Ali Al-Maweri, Walid A Al-Soneidar, Amer AlMaqtari, Abdulrahman Hunaish, Ghadah Al-Sufyani, Esam Halboub
Tobacco use is a significant health problem in Yemen and worldwide. Dental practitioners can play a pivotal role in educating their patients on the risk of smoking and motivating them to quit. This study aimed to assess the attitudes towards and practices of tobacco cessation counseling (TCC) among Yemeni dental professionals and to evaluate whether such attitudes and practices are associated with gender, smoking status, and years since graduation. In this cross-sectional study, a self-administered questionnaire containing questions regarding the practice and attitudes towards TCC in dental clinic was used...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324050/transgender-health-in-endocrinology-current-status-of-endocrinology-fellowship-programs-and-practicing-clinicians
#11
Caroline Davidge-Pitts, Todd B Nippoldt, Ann Danoff, Lauren Radziejewski, Neena Natt
Context: The transgender population continues to face challenges in accessing appropriate health care. Adequate training of endocrinologists in this area is a priority. Objectives: 1) Assess the status of transgender healthcare education in United States (US) endocrinology fellowship training programs, and 2) assess knowledge and practice of transgender health amongst practicing US endocrinologists. Design: Mayo Clinic and Endocrine Society developed and administered a web-based anonymous survey to 104 endocrinology fellowship program directors (PDs) and 6,992 US MD members of Endocrine Society...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323880/randomized-controlled-trials-in-central-vascular-access-devices-a-scoping-review
#12
Mari Takashima, Gillian Ray-Barruel, Amanda Ullman, Samantha Keogh, Claire M Rickard
BACKGROUND: Randomized controlled trials evaluate the effectiveness of interventions for central venous access devices, however, high complication rates remain. Scoping reviews map the available evidence and demonstrate evidence deficiencies to focus ongoing research priorities. METHOD: A scoping review (January 2006-December 2015) of randomized controlled trials evaluating the effectiveness of interventions to improve central venous access device outcomes; including peripherally inserted central catheters, non-tunneled, tunneled and totally implanted venous access catheters...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323860/disrespect-and-abuse-of-women-during-childbirth-in-nigeria-a-systematic-review
#13
Foluso Ishola, Onikepe Owolabi, Veronique Filippi
BACKGROUND: Promoting respectful care at childbirth is important to improve quality of care and encourage women to utilize skilled delivery services. However, there has been a relative lack of public health research on this topic in Nigeria. A systematic review was conducted to synthesize current evidence on disrespect and abuse of women during childbirth in Nigeria in order to understand its nature and extent, contributing factors and consequences, and propose solutions. METHODS: Five electronic databases were searched for relevant published studies, and five data sources for additional grey literature...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323854/the-unfinished-health-agenda-neonatal-mortality-in-cambodia
#14
Rathmony Hong, Pauline Yongeun Ahn, Frank Wieringa, Tung Rathavy, Ludovic Gauthier, Rathavuth Hong, Arnaud Laillou, Judit Van Geystelen, Jacques Berger, Etienne Poirot
BACKGROUND: Reduction of neonatal and under-five mortality rates remains a primary target in the achievement of universal health goals, as evident in renewed investments of Sustainable Development Goals. Various studies attribute declines in mortality to the combined effects of improvements in health care practices and changes in socio-economic factors. Since the early nineties, Cambodia has managed to evolve from a country devastated by war to a nation soon to enter the group of middle income countries...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323832/age-related-cognitive-decline-and-associations-with-sex-education-and-apolipoprotein-e-genotype-across-ethnocultural-groups-and-geographic-regions-a-collaborative-cohort-study
#15
Darren M Lipnicki, John D Crawford, Rajib Dutta, Anbupalam Thalamuthu, Nicole A Kochan, Gavin Andrews, M Fernanda Lima-Costa, Erico Castro-Costa, Carol Brayne, Fiona E Matthews, Blossom C M Stephan, Richard B Lipton, Mindy J Katz, Karen Ritchie, Jacqueline Scali, Marie-Laure Ancelin, Nikolaos Scarmeas, Mary Yannakoulia, Efthimios Dardiotis, Linda C W Lam, Candy H Y Wong, Ada W T Fung, Antonio Guaita, Roberta Vaccaro, Annalisa Davin, Ki Woong Kim, Ji Won Han, Tae Hui Kim, Kaarin J Anstey, Nicolas Cherbuin, Peter Butterworth, Marcia Scazufca, Shuzo Kumagai, Sanmei Chen, Kenji Narazaki, Tze Pin Ng, Qi Gao, Simone Reppermund, Henry Brodaty, Antonio Lobo, Raúl Lopez-Anton, Javier Santabárbara, Perminder S Sachdev
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of dementia varies around the world, potentially contributed to by international differences in rates of age-related cognitive decline. Our primary goal was to investigate how rates of age-related decline in cognitive test performance varied among international cohort studies of cognitive aging. We also determined the extent to which sex, educational attainment, and apolipoprotein E ε4 allele (APOE*4) carrier status were associated with decline. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We harmonized longitudinal data for 14 cohorts from 12 countries (Australia, Brazil, France, Greece, Hong Kong, Italy, Japan, Singapore, Spain, South Korea, United Kingdom, United States), for a total of 42,170 individuals aged 54-105 y (42% male), including 3...
March 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323828/liquid-handling-lego-robots-and-experiments-for-stem-education-and-research
#16
Lukas C Gerber, Agnes Calasanz-Kaiser, Luke Hyman, Kateryna Voitiuk, Uday Patil, Ingmar H Riedel-Kruse
Liquid-handling robots have many applications for biotechnology and the life sciences, with increasing impact on everyday life. While playful robotics such as Lego Mindstorms significantly support education initiatives in mechatronics and programming, equivalent connections to the life sciences do not currently exist. To close this gap, we developed Lego-based pipetting robots that reliably handle liquid volumes from 1 ml down to the sub-μl range and that operate on standard laboratory plasticware, such as cuvettes and multiwell plates...
March 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323826/apoe-related-risk-of-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-dementia-for-prevention-trials-an-analysis-of-four-cohorts
#17
Jing Qian, Frank J Wolters, Alexa Beiser, Mary Haan, M Arfan Ikram, Jason Karlawish, Jessica B Langbaum, John M Neuhaus, Eric M Reiman, J Scott Roberts, Sudha Seshadri, Pierre N Tariot, Beth McCarty Woods, Rebecca A Betensky, Deborah Blacker
BACKGROUND: With the onset of prevention trials for individuals at high risk for Alzheimer disease, there is increasing need for accurate risk prediction to inform study design and enrollment, but available risk estimates are limited. We developed risk estimates for the incidence of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or dementia among cognitively unimpaired individuals by APOE-e4 dose for the genetic disclosure process of the Alzheimer's Prevention Initiative Generation Study, a prevention trial in cognitively unimpaired APOE-e4/e4 homozygote individuals...
March 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323818/teaching-broader-impacts-of-science-with-undergraduate-research
#18
Kenneth C Keiler, Kathy L Jackson, Leslie Jaworski, David Lopatto, Sarah E Ades
Science plays an important role in most aspects of society, and scientists face ethical decisions as a routine part of their work, but science education frequently omits or segregates content related to ethics and broader impacts of science. Undergraduate research experiences have the potential to bridge traditional divides in education and provide a holistic view of science. In practice, these experiences can be inconsistent and may not provide the optimal learning environment. We developed a course that combines seminar and independent research elements to support student learning during undergraduate research, makes ethical and societal impacts of science clear by relating them to the students' own research projects, and develops students' ethical decision-making skills...
March 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323765/misuse-of-opioids-in-orthopaedic-postoperative-patients
#19
Anup Gangavalli, Ajith Malige, George Terres, Saqib Rehman, Chinenye Nwachuku
OBJECTIVE: In light of the recent uptrend in the prescription of opioids, this study seeks to identify patterns of opioid misuse among orthopaedic postoperative patients and principal external sources in obtaining these medications. DESIGN: Ten-month survey-based study. SETTING: Two Level I trauma centers (urban and suburban). PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred seven patients between the ages of 18 and 89 years who underwent surgical fixation of fractures involving the pelvis, long bones, or periarticular regions of the knee, ankle, elbow, and wrist...
April 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323688/challenges-of-inpatient-glycemic-control
#20
Sally O Gerard, Josephine Ritchie
Hyperglycemia occurs in more than 30% of hospitalized patients. The condition has been associated with higher mortality and poor outcomes. Systems to effectively treat dysglycemia have been put into place, although many focus on critical care areas. The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of the challenges for glycemic control in non-critical care areas. Standardized order sets, critical pathways, professional education, and collaborative systems can support improved control.
March 20, 2017: Journal of Nursing Care Quality
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