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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232709/local-setting-influences-the-quantity-of-household-food-waste-in-mid-sized-south-african-towns
#1
Gamuchirai Chakona, Charlie M Shackleton
The world faces a food security challenge with approximately 868 million people undernourished and about two billion people suffering from the negative health consequences of micronutrient deficiencies. Yet, it is believed that at least 33% of food produced for human consumption is lost or wasted along the food chain. As food waste has a negative effect on food security, the present study sought to quantify household food waste along the rural-urban continuum in three South African mid-sized towns situated along an agro-ecological gradient...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232703/knowledge-and-awareness-of-and-perception-towards-cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review
#2
Daniel Boateng, Frederick Wekesah, Joyce L Browne, Charles Agyemang, Peter Agyei-Baffour, Ama de-Graft Aikins, Henriette A Smit, Diederick E Grobbee, Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the most common cause of non-communicable disease mortality in sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries. Gaps in knowledge of CVD conditions and their risk factors are important barriers in effective prevention and treatment. Yet, evidence on the awareness and knowledge level of CVD and associated risk factors among populations of SSA is scarce. This review aimed to synthesize available evidence of the level of knowledge of and perceptions towards CVDs and risk factors in the SSA region...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232686/the-effect-of-classroom-capacity-on-vocal-fatigue-as-quantified-by-the-vocal-fatigue-index
#3
Russell E Banks, Pasquale Bottalico, Eric J Hunter
OBJECTIVE: Previous research has concluded that teachers are at a higher-than-normal risk for voice issues that can cause occupational limitations. While some risk factors have been identified, there are still many unknowns. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A survey was distributed electronically with 506 female teacher respondents. The survey included questions to quantify three aspects of vocal fatigue as captured by the Vocal Fatigue Index (VFI): (1) general tiredness of voice (performance), (2) physical discomfort associated with voicing (pain), and (3) improvement of symptoms with rest (recovery)...
December 12, 2017: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232623/determinants-of-child-maltreatment-in-nepal-results-from-the-2014-nepal-multiple-indicator-cluster-survey-the-2014-nmics
#4
Madhu Sudhan Atteraya, Nasser B Ebrahim, Shreejana Gnawali
We examined the prevalence of child maltreatment as measured by the level of physical (moderate to severe) and emotional abuse and child labor, and the associated household level determinants of child maltreatment in Nepal. We used a nationally representative data set from the fifth round of the Nepal Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (the 2014 NMICS). The main independent variables were household level characteristics. Dependent variables included child experience of moderate to severe physical abuse, emotional abuse, and child labor (domestic work and economic activities)...
December 9, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232604/identifying-gaps-in-the-implementation-of-naloxone-programs-for-laypersons-in-the-united-states
#5
Barrot H Lambdin, Jon Zibbell, Eliza Wheeler, Alex H Kral
BACKGROUND: The opioid epidemic in the United States (US) continues to generate significant increases in morbidity and mortality with no sign of decline. Overdose education and naloxone distribution (OEND) programs are highly effective at preventing opioid overdose mortality. We assessed the geographical distribution of overdose mortality and OEND programs in the US. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional, ecological study of all 3142 counties in the United States...
December 9, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232524/growing-the-ibclc-workforce-a-florida-needs-assessment
#6
Aimee R Eden, Erica H Anstey, Deidre Orriola
BACKGROUND: Florida has fewer International Board Certified Lactation Consultants (IBCLCs) per 1,000 live births than the national average. An important strategy to support breastfeeding entails creating opportunities to prepare and train IBCLCs from underrepresented groups. However, it can be difficult for individuals to access lactation education and gain clinical experience necessary to become an IBCLC. Research aim: The Building a Better Breastfeeding Network project was a needs assessment designed to assess the interest in an IBCLC training program in Florida and perceived barriers and facilitators to completing such a program...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232502/do-treatment-patterns-alter-beliefs-cancer-patients-hold-regarding-oral-oncolytic-agents
#7
Alla Sikorskii, Charles W Given, Barbara A Given, Eric Vachon, Victoria Marshall, John C Krauss, Asish Banik, Atreyee Majumder
OBJECTIVE: Cancer patients, particularly those prescribed oral oncolytic medications, face treatment side effects, and temporary and permanent stoppages of treatment. This research examines how events during treatment affect patients' beliefs regarding oral oncolytic medications. METHODS: 272 cancer patients initiating one of 28 oral oncolytic agents were followed for 12 weeks. Assessments of Beliefs About Medications Questionnaire (BMQ), symptoms, physical function, and depression measures were performed during telephone interviews at intake (medication start) and 4, 8, and 12 weeks...
December 12, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232436/cellular-versus-acellular-grafts-for-diabetic-foot-ulcers-altering-the-protocol-to-improve-recruitment-to-a-comparative-efficacy-trial
#8
Catherine N Tchanque-Fossuo, Sara E Dahle, Hadar Lev-Tov, Chin-Shang Li, R Rivkah Isseroff
Diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) have a substantial impact on public health. The standard of care (SOC) for DFUs consists of a multidisciplinary approach involving glycemic control, wound care with debridement of necrotic tissue, application of a moist dressing, infection control, use of off-loading devices, and patient education. New therapeutic devices aim to target the extracellular matrix (ECM) that is impaired in DFU; however, there is insufficient data on the effectiveness of such therapies along with lack of evidence on their long-term effectiveness...
November 2017: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232413/determinants-of-dietary-diversity-and-the-potential-role-of-men-in-improving-household-nutrition-in-tanzania
#9
Justus Ochieng, Victor Afari-Sefa, Philipo Joseph Lukumay, Thomas Dubois
Good nutrition is a prerequisite for a healthy and active life, especially for agriculture-dependent households. However, diets in most households in Tanzania lack diversity because the intake of meat, poultry, fish, and vegetables and fruits is low. This study estimates factors influencing dietary diversity of the household, children under five years, and women using primary survey data. It qualitatively assesses male dietary patterns and men's potential role in improving the nutritional status of the entire household...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232347/gaming-in-nursing-education-a-literature-review
#10
Leeanne Pront, Amanda Müller, Adam Koschade, Alison Hutton
AIM: The aim of this research was to investigate videogame-based learning in nursing education and establish how videogames are currently employed and how they link to the development of decision-making, motivation, and other benefits. BACKGROUND: Although digital game-based learning potentially offers a safe and convenient environment that can support nursing students developing essential skills, nurse educators are typically slow to adopt such resources. METHOD: A comprehensive search of electronic databases was conducted, followed by a thematic analysis of the literature...
December 9, 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232323/racial-variation-in-total-knee-replacement-in-a-diverse-nationwide-clinical-trial
#11
Lindsey A MacFarlane, Eunjung Kim, Nancy R Cook, I-Min Lee, Maura D Iversen, Jeffrey N Katz, Karen H Costenbader
OBJECTIVE: Racial variation in total knee replacement (TKR) utilization in the United States has been reported in administrative database studies. We investigated racial variation in TKR procedures in a diverse cohort with severe knee pain followed in an ongoing clinical trial. METHODS: VITAL (VITamin D and OmegA-3 TriaL) is a nationwide, randomized controlled trial of 25,874 adults, 20% of whom are black. We identified a subgroup highly likely to have knee osteoarthritis based on severity of knee pain, physician-diagnosed knee osteoarthritis, and inability to walk 2 to 3 blocks without pain...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232319/knowledge-of-the-warning-signs-of-foot-ulcer-deterioration-among-patients-with-diabetes
#12
Yen-Fan Chin, Jiun-Ting Yeh, Hsing-Yi Yu, Li-Chueh Weng
BACKGROUND: Seeking treatment in a timely manner may prevent lower limb amputation subsequent to diabetic foot ulcers. Knowledge regarding the warning signs is one important factor that is related to the timely treatment seeking of patients with diabetic foot ulcers. However, there is no previous research on which aspects of such knowledge that patients with diabetes are lacking. PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to test the psychometric properties of a questionnaire that was designed to assess the knowledge of the warning signs of diabetic foot ulcer deterioration and to determine the knowledge of these warning signs among patients with a history of diabetic foot ulcers...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232265/the-value-of-preoperative-exercise-and-education-for-patients-undergoing-total-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Rebecca Moyer, Kathy Ikert, Kristin Long, Jacquelyn Marsh
BACKGROUND: Existing evidence regarding the value of preoperative education and/or exercise (prehabilitation) for patients undergoing total joint replacement is conflicting. The purpose of this study was to conduct an updated, comprehensive systematic review with meta-analyses to determine the longitudinal effects and efficacy of prehabilitation on postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: We searched 11 electronic databases (MEDLINE, AMED, CINAHL, Embase, Scopus, ProQuest, PEDro, SportDiscus, PsycINFO, and Cochrane) from their inception to May 2016 for randomized controlled trials that compared changes in pain, function, strength, anxiety, and hospital length of stay following THA or TKA...
December 12, 2017: JBJS Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232257/economics-of-gynecologic-morcellation
#14
Pietro Bortoletto, Jaclyn Friedman, Magdy P Milad
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: As the Food and Drug Administration raised concern over the power morcellator in 2014, the field has seen significant change, with patients and physicians questioning which procedure is safest and most cost-effective. The economic impact of these decisions is poorly understood. RECENT FINDINGS: Multiple new technologies have been developed to allow surgeons to continue to afford patients the many benefits of minimally invasive surgery while minimizing the risks of power morcellation...
December 11, 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232182/design-and-technical-validation-of-a-telemedicine-service-for-rural-healthcare-in-ecuador
#15
Leonel A Vasquez-Cevallos, Jana Bobokova, Patricia V González-Granda, José M Iniesta, Enrique J Gómez, M Elena Hernando
BACKGROUND: Telemedicine is becoming increasingly important in Ecuador, especially in areas such as rural primary healthcare and medical education. Rural telemedicine programs in the country need to be strengthened by means of a technological platform adapted to local surroundings and offering advantages such as access to specialized care, continuing education, and so on, combined with modest investment requirements. INTRODUCTION: This present article presents the design of a Telemedicine Platform (TMP) for rural healthcare services in Ecuador and a preliminary technical validation with medical students and teachers...
December 12, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232170/correlates-of-never-testing-for-hiv-among-sexually-active-internet-recruited-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-united-states
#16
Kimberly M Nelson, David W Pantalone, Kristi E Gamarel, Michael P Carey, Jane M Simoni
In the United States, gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM) are disproportionately affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Despite great strides in HIV prevention, including biobehavioral HIV prevention strategies such as pre-exposure prophylaxis and treatment as prevention, there has been relatively low uptake of these strategies. The success of biobehavioral prevention strategies requires HIV testing but a subset of GBMSM have never been tested. To optimize prevention efforts, we sought to understand the characteristics of GBMSM who report never testing for HIV...
December 12, 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232166/revisiting-knowledge-attitudes-and-practice-kap-on-human-papillomavirus-hpv-vaccination-among-female-university-students-in-hong-kong
#17
Jonathan Tin Chi Leung, Law Chi-Kin
Despite cervical cancer can be preventable by HPV vaccination, little is known on its associated factors among young females in Hong Kong. This study aimed to investigate the present situation regarding the self-reported knowledge, attitudes and practice (KAP) of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination and to examine their associated factors among female university students in Hong Kong. 195 respondents were recruited to complete a self-administered questionnaire from two local universities through convenience sampling...
December 12, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232042/evaluation-of-visual-motion-perception-ability-in-mice-with-knockout-of-the-dyslexia-candidate-susceptibility-gene-dcdc2
#18
Amanda R Rendall, Peter A Perrino, Joseph J LoTurco, R Holly Fitch
Developmental dyslexia is a heritable disability characterized by difficulties in learning to read and write that cannot be explained by comorbid factors such as intellectual impairment, lack of educational opportunity, or other neurological disorders (e.g. epilepsy or primary sensory impairments (blindness, deafness)). Dyslexia is considered a common neurodevelopmental disorder, affecting 5%-12% of the population (Lyon, Shaywitz & Shaywitz, 2003; Peterson & Pennington, 2012). It is also a highly heterogeneous disorder, with varied intermediate phenotypes, that include visual and cross-modal integration deficits...
December 12, 2017: Genes, Brain, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231956/gender-diversity-sexual-orientation-and-bone-health-in-the-maturing-dancer
#19
REVIEW
Derrick D Brown
Gender identity forms an important aspect of still developing youths. Gender is traditionally classified into two distinct categories, female and male. Transgender is a general term that describes individuals who self-identity as male, female, both, or neither (i.e., gender fluid) and do not match the assigned at-birth gender. Adolescent transgender individuals are currently a marginal population. There are limited demographics on youths, but as of 2014 an estimate of 1.4 million adults in the USA identified as transgender...
December 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231955/musicians-are-high-consumers-of-complementary-and-alternative-healthcare-services-the-norwegian-musicians-health-project
#20
Jonas Vaag, Ottar Bjerkeset
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the use of analgesic medication and manual and alternative healthcare services among Norwegian musicians compared to the general workforce. METHODS: 1,607 musicians from the Norwegian Musicians' Union answered an online questionnaire about demographic characteristics, use of healthcare services, and use of medication. They were compared to a sample of the Norwegian workforce (n=2,610) from the Norwegian survey of level of living. Based on logistic regression analysis, adjusting for age, sex and education, we compared the self-reported use of different forms of healthcare services and medication in musicians to the general workforce...
December 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
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