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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055269/decision-making-measured-by-the-iowa-gambling-task-in-alcohol-use-disorder-and-gambling-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Ildikó Kovács, Mara J Richman, Zoltán Janka, Aniko Maraz, Bálint Andó
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Gambling disorder (GD) and alcohol use disorder (AD) have similar features, such as elevated impulsivity and decision-making deficits, which are directly linked to relapse and poor therapeutic outcomes. Our aim was to assess decision-making characteristics in GD and AD patients compared to healthy controls (HC) based on one of the most frequently used measures of decision-making: the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT). METHODS: In our systematic literature search of three databases, we identified 1198 empirical articles that mentioned decision-making deficits with the use of the IGT in patients diagnosed with either AD or GD...
October 12, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055236/the-importance-of-academic-literacy-for-undergraduate-nursing-students-and-its-relationship-to-future-professional-clinical-practice-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Diana Jefferies, Stephen McNally, Katriona Roberts, Anna Wallace, Annette Stunden, Suzanne D'Souza, Paul Glew
OBJECTIVES: This systematic review was designed to assess the importance of academic literacy for undergraduate nursing students and its relationship to future professional clinical practice. It aimed to explore the link between academic literacy and writing in an undergraduate nursing degree and the development of critical thinking skills for their future professional clinical practice. DESIGN: A systematic review of qualitative studies and expert opinion publications...
October 5, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055234/evolving-career-choice-narratives-of-new-graduate-nurses
#3
Sheri L Price, Linda McGillis Hall, Gail Tomblin Murphy, Bridget Pierce
This article describes findings from one stage of a longitudinal study of the professional socialization experiences of Millennial nurses as they prepared for graduation and transition to practice. This study employed an interpretive narrative methodology guided by Polkinghorne's theory of narrative identity. Analysis of face-to-face interviews and journal entries by Millennial nursing students uncovered the formal professional socialization experiences over four years of nursing education. Participants include six Millennial nursing student participants (born after 1980) interviewed approximately one-month aftergraduation...
October 7, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055208/measuring-alcohol-use-across-the-transition-to-adulthood-racial-ethnic-sexual-identity-and-educational-differences
#4
Jessica N Fish, Amanda M Pollitt, John E Schulenberg, Stephen T Russell
BACKGROUND: Patterns of alcohol use change from adolescence to adulthood and may differ based on race/ethnicity, sexual identity, and education. If alcohol use measures do not operate consistently across groups and developmental periods, parameter estimates and conclusions may be biased. OBJECTIVES: To test the measurement invariance of a multi-item alcohol use measure across groups defined by race/ethnicity, sexual identity, and college education during the transition to adulthood...
October 12, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055188/healthcare-investment-and-income-inequality
#5
Ayona Bhattacharjee, Jong Kook Shin, Chetan Subramanian, Shailender Swaminathan
This paper examines how the relative shares of public and private health expenditures impact income inequality. We study a two period overlapping generation's growth model in which longevity is determined by both private and public health expenditure and human capital is the engine of growth. Increased investment in health, reduces mortality, raises return to education and affects income inequality. In such a framework we show that the cross-section earnings inequality is non-decreasing in the private share of health expenditure...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055183/democracy-and-health-evidence-from-within-country-heterogeneity-in-the-congo
#6
Peter van der Windt, Sotiris Vandoros
The literature documents a positive association between democracy and health, and studies supporting this claim have largely relied on cross-country panel analyses. In many developing countries, however, local traditional leaders at the micro-level play a key role in individuals' daily lives while the influence of the national government is largely negligible. In response, this study revisits the relationship between democracy and health using micro-level household data from 816 randomly selected villages in Eastern Congo...
October 12, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055149/the-implementation-of-knowledge-dissemination-in-the-prevention-of-occupational-skin-diseases
#7
A Wilke, U Bollmann, S Cazzaniga, A Hübner, S M John, J Karadzinska-Bislimovska, D Mijakoski, D Šimić, D Simon, F Sonsmann, S Stoleski, P Weinert, B Wulfhorst
BACKGROUND: Occupational skin diseases (OSD) have a high medical, social, economic and political impact. Knowledge dissemination from research activities to key stakeholders involved in health care is a prerequisite to make prevention effective. OBJECTIVES: To study and prioritize different activity fields and stakeholders that are involved in the prevention of OSD, to reflect on their inter-relationships, to develop a strategic approach for knowledge dissemination and to develop a hands-on tool for OSD prevention projects METHODS: Seven different activity fields that are relevant in the prevention of OSD have been stepwise identified...
October 21, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054933/social-media-enabled-learning-in-emergency-medicine-a-case-study-of-the-growth-engagement-and-impact-of-a-free-open-access-medical-education-blog
#8
Simon Carley, Iain Beardsell, Natalie May, Liz Crowe, Janos Baombe, Alan Grayson, Richard Carden, Ashley Liebig, Chris Gray, Ross Fisher, Daniel Horner, Laura Howard, Richard Body
BACKGROUND: Clinicians are increasingly using social media for professional development and education. In 2012, we developed the St.Emlyn's blog, an open access resource dedicated to providing free education in the field of emergency medicine. OBJECTIVE: To describe the development and growth of this international emergency medicine blog. METHOD: We present a narrative description of the development of St.Emlyn's blog. Data on scope, impact and engagement were extracted from WordPress, Twitter and Google Analytics...
October 20, 2017: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054932/improving-paediatric-residents-knowledge-and-perspectives-regarding-the-insulin-pump-using-a-novel-educational-workshop
#9
Shipra Bansal, Albara Marwa, Kannan Kasturi, Sheila Perez-Colon
OBJECTIVES: As a pilot study, we aimed to investigate the knowledge and perceptions of categorical paediatric residents (RES) at our institution regarding insulin pumps (IPs) and the impact following a targeted workshop. METHODS: All RES at our institution in attendance at a routine noon conference participated in a workshop, completing an anonymous survey before and right after the intervention to evaluate knowledge, attitudes and self-reported comfort regarding IPs...
October 20, 2017: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054921/enhancing-diversity-in-undergraduate-science-self-efficacy-drives-performance-gains-with-active-learning
#10
Cissy J Ballen, Carl Wieman, Shima Salehi, Jeremy B Searle, Kelly R Zamudio
Efforts to retain underrepresented minority (URM) students in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) have shown only limited success in higher education, due in part to a persistent achievement gap between students from historically underrepresented and well-represented backgrounds. To test the hypothesis that active learning disproportionately benefits URM students, we quantified the effects of traditional versus active learning on student academic performance, science self-efficacy, and sense of social belonging in a large (more than 250 students) introductory STEM course...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054903/barriers-to-safe-abortion-access-uterine-rupture-as-complication-of-unsafe-abortion-in-a-ugandan-girl
#11
Rose McKeon Olson, Solomon Kamurari
A 15-year-old girl at 18 weeks gestation by the last menstrual period presented to a rural Ugandan healthcare facility for termination of her pregnancy as a result of rape by her uncle. Skilled healthcare workers at the facility refused to provide the abortion due to fear of legal repercussions. The patient subsequently obtained an unsafe abortion by vaginal insertion of local herbs and sharp objects. She developed profuse vaginal bleeding and haemorrhagic shock. She was found to have uterine rupture and emergent hysterectomy was performed...
October 20, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054832/sampling-key-populations-for-hiv-surveillance-results-from-eight-cross-sectional-studies-using-respondent-driven-sampling-and-venue-based-snowball-sampling
#12
Amrita Rao, Shauna Stahlman, James Hargreaves, Sharon Weir, Jessie Edwards, Duncan Kochelani, Duncan Kochelani, Mpumelelo Mavimbela, Stefan Baral
BACKGROUND: In using regularly collected or existing surveillance data to characterize engagement in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) services among marginalized populations, differences in sampling methods may produce different pictures of the target population and may therefore result in different priorities for response. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to use existing data to evaluate the sample distribution of eight studies of female sex workers (FSW) and men who have sex with men (MSM), who were recruited using different sampling approaches in two locations within Sub-Saharan Africa: Manzini, Swaziland and Yaoundé, Cameroon...
October 20, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054739/engagement-and-role-of-surgical-trainees-in-global-surgery-consensus-statement-and-recommendations-from-the-association-of-surgeons-in-training
#13
EDITORIAL
Helen M Mohan, Edward Fitzgerald, Vimal Gokani, Paul Sutton, Rhiannon Harries, Robert Bethune, Frank D McDermott
BACKGROUND: There is a wide chasm in access to essential and emergency surgery between high and low/middle income countries (LMICs). Surgeons worldwide are integral to solutions needed to address this imbalance. Involving surgical trainees, who represent the future of surgery, is vital to this endeavour. The Association of Surgeons in Training (ASiT) is an independent charity that support surgical trainees of all ten surgical specialties in the UK and Ireland. ASiT convened a consensus meeting at the ASiT conference in Liverpool 2016 to discuss trainee engagement with global surgery, including potential barriers and solutions...
October 17, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054637/the-burden-of-ambient-temperature-on-years-of-life-lost-a-multi-community-analysis-in-hubei-china
#14
Yunquan Zhang, Chuanhua Yu, Minjin Peng, Lan Zhang
BACKGROUND: Compared with death rates, years of life lost (YLL) has been widely used as a more informative indicator to quantify the burden of premature death. In the context of global climate change, existing evidence linking ambient temperatures and YLL was very scarce across the globe. METHODS: Daily mortality and meteorological data during 2009-2012 were obtained from 12 communities across Hubei Province in central China. A two-stage approach was used for statistical analysis...
October 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054536/decreasing-body-mass-index-is-associated-with-cerebrospinal-fluid-markers-of-alzheimer-s-pathology-in-mci-and-mild-dementia
#15
Jules Mathys, Mehdi Gholamrezaee, Hugues Henry, Armin von Gunten, Julius Popp
BACKGROUND: Several studies have identified an association between body mass index (BMI) and the incidence and severity of Alzheimer's disease (AD) but this relationship is not fully understood. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study was to assess the possible association between BMI and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers of AD pathology in subjects with normal cognition and cognitive impairment. The secondary objective was to test whether BMI may contribute to improve the accuracy of a clinical model to predict AD pathology in memory clinic patients with cognitive impairment...
October 17, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054507/comparison-of-a-web-based-teaching-tool-and-traditional-didactic-learning-for-in-vitro-fertilization-patients-a-preliminary-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Tannys Dawn Reiko Vause, David J Allison, Tricia Vause, Ayda Tekok-Kilic, David S Ditor, Jason K Min
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this prospective RCT was to compare the efficacy of a web-based teaching tool to traditional didactic teaching in IVF patients. METHODS: Forty women undergoing their first IVF cycle were randomly allocated to an interactive web-based teaching session or a nurse-led didactic teaching session. The primary outcome measure was participant knowledge regarding the IVF process, risks, and logistics assessed before and after the respective teaching session...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054442/title-approaches-to-hand-hygiene-monitoring-from-low-to-high-technology-approaches
#17
REVIEW
Nadia Masroor, Michelle Doll, Michael Stevens, Gonzalo Bearman
Hand hygiene is a global and critical infection prevention practice across all healthcare settings. Approaches to monitoring hand hygiene compliance vary from simple methods such as direct observation and product usage to more advanced methods such as automated electronic monitoring systems. Current literature supports a multimodal approach, supplemented by education, to enhance hand hygiene performance.
October 17, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054400/barriers-to-delirium-assessment-in-the-intensive-care-unit-a-literature-review
#18
REVIEW
Gabby Rowley-Conwy
BACKGROUND: Delirium is a common syndrome that has both short and long-term negative outcomes for critically ill patients. Many studies over several years have found a knowledge gap and lack of evidence-based practice from critical care personnel, but there has been little exploration of the reasons for this. AIM: To identify the perceived barriers to delirium assessment and management among critical care nurses. METHOD: A literature review of published studies to examine barriers to effective delirium assessment using a comprehensive search strategy...
October 17, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054299/implementation-of-educational-programs-to-prevent-drowning-what-can-be-done-in-nursery-school
#19
R Barcala-Furelos, P Carbia-Rodríguez, L Peixoto-Pino, C Abelairas-Gómez, A Rodríguez-Núñez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2017: Medicina Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054291/neuroscience-informed-psychoeducation-for-addiction-medicine-a-neurocognitive-perspective
#20
Hamed Ekhtiari, Tara Rezapour, Robin L Aupperle, Martin P Paulus
Psychoeducation (PE) is defined as an intervention with systematic, structured, and didactic knowledge transfer for an illness and its treatment, integrating emotional and motivational aspects to enable patients to cope with the illness and to improve its treatment adherence and efficacy. PE is considered an important component of treatment in both medical and psychiatric disorders, especially for mental health disorders associated with lack of insight, such as alcohol and substance use disorders (ASUDs). New advancements in neuroscience have shed light on how various aspects of ASUDs may relate to neural processes...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
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