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Pediculosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905627/-pediculicide-effect-of-a-eucaliptus-globulus-l-formulation
#1
Marcia Avello, Pola Fernández, Marcos Fernández, Berta Schulz, Marta De Diego, Sigrid Mennickent, Pedro Novoa, Edgar Pastene
INTRODUCTION: Pediculosis capitis is a public health problem with a high prevalence. The emergence of parasite resistance to conventional pediculicide is of great concern worldwide. OBJECTIVE: To develop alternatives pediculicide, effective and safe, based on the essential oil of Eucaliptus globulus. METHOD: Through bioassays active concentrations ranges of the essential oil were established, and proceeded to develop a standardized, stable, pharmaceutical form, evaluating its effects on our population...
August 2016: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866866/assessment-of-oral-ivermectin-versus-shampoo-in-the-treatment-of-pediculosis-head-lice-infestation-in-rural-areas-of-sine-saloum-senegal
#2
Hamza Leulmi, Georges Diatta, Cheikh Sokhna, Jean-Marc Rolain, Didier Raoult
Reports of treatment failure and the emergence of resistance to topical head lice treatments have become increasingly common, driving the need for continued development of new therapeutic options for pediculosis. Ivermectin has been proposed as a potential alternative for the treatment of pediculosis but has not been sufficiently evaluated. In this study, the effectiveness of oral ivermectin versus shampoo in the treatment of pediculosis in Senegal was compared. The study was conducted in two neighbouring villages of Sine-Saloum, Senegal: Dielmo (ivermectin trial group; 201 female participants) and Ndiop (shampoo trial group; 239 female participants)...
August 31, 2016: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651556/acute-poisoning-in-a-child-following-topical-treatment-of-head-lice-pediculosis-capitis-with-an-organophosphate-pesticide
#3
Muddathir H Hamad, Ahmed Awad Adeel, Ali Abdu N Alhaboob, Ahmed M Ashri, Mustafa A Salih
This is a case report of acute organophosphate poisoning in a child treated with topical application of Diazinon-60 (WHO Class II toxicity) for head lice (pediculosis capitis). The patient presented with neurological symptoms and signs. After emergency respiratory and circulatory resuscitation the patient underwent dermal decontamination and was treated with atropine, high flow oxygen and pralidoxime. Scanning electron micrographs of scalp hair specimens revealed both viable and empty head lice nits (lice eggs that attach to the hair shaft)...
2016: Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27578087/itch-management-in-childhood
#4
Regina Fölster-Holst
Itch in children is a very common symptom and is mainly related to a skin disease rather than an underlying systemic disorder. The most common dermatoses include atopic dermatitis, contact dermatitis, insect bites, scabies, and pediculosis capitis. There are specific diagnostic patterns which require the evaluation of a careful history and dermatological examination. For dermatological treatment, we have to consider that children, especially infants, show differences in physiology and pathophysiology, and also in pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics compared with adults...
2016: Current Problems in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27529073/management-and-treatment-of-human-lice
#5
REVIEW
Abdoul Karim Sangaré, Ogobara K Doumbo, Didier Raoult
Of the three lice (head, body, and pubic louse) that infest humans, the body louse is the species involved in epidemics of louse-borne typhus, trench fever, and relapsing fever, but all the three cause pediculosis. Their infestations occur today in many countries despite great efforts to maintain high standards of public health. In this review, literature searches were performed through PubMed, Medline, Google Scholar, and EBSCOhost, with key search words of "Pediculus humanus", "lice infestation", "pediculosis", and "treatment"; and controlled clinical trials were viewed with great interest...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27447892/cutaneous-manifestations-of-selected-parasitic-infections-in-western-pacific-and-southeast-asian-regions
#6
REVIEW
Vicente Belizario, John Paul Caesar Delos Trinos, Nikko Benjamin Garcia, Maureen Reyes
Cutaneous manifestations of parasitic infections often result in discomfort, debilitation, and even stigmatization. Data on cutaneous manifestations of parasitic infections, however, are limited. This article provides updates on the cutaneous manifestations of parasitic infections which are known to occur in Western Pacific and Southeast Asian regions, such as scabies, pediculosis, cutaneous larva migrans, larva currens, cutaneous schistosomiasis, cutaneous enterobiasis, cutaneous cysticercosis, acute dermatolymphangioadenitis (lymphatic filariasis), and cutaneous amoebiasis...
September 2016: Current Infectious Disease Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27372516/-main-parasitic-skin-disorders
#7
C Bernigaud, G Monsel, P Delaunay, G Do-Pham, F Foulet, F Botterel, O Chosidow
Cutaneous parasitic skin diseases are frequent in human pathology. There are few reliable epidemiological data on the prevalence and/or incidence of such diseases. Skin parasites are cosmopolitan but their global distribution is heterogenous; prevalence is especially high in subtropical and tropical countries. They are mainly due to arthropods (insects and mites). Many species of parasites are involved, explaining the diversity of their clinical signs. The most common are caused by ectoparasites such as scabies or pediculosis (head lice, body lice and pubic lice)...
June 29, 2016: La Revue de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27255407/-randomised-clinical-trial-to-evaluate-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-a-new-pediculicide-made-with-saponified-olive-oil-in-the-eradication-of-pediculus-humanus-capitis
#8
B Soler, C Castellares, S Viver, L Díaz, R Gómez, E Ruíz
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a new pediculicide in the eradication of Pediculus humanus capitis infestation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A randomised clinical trial was designed, in which children aged between 5 and 15 years diagnosed with pediculosis were selected. Treatment was administered on days 1 and 7 after selection, and they were evaluated in 4 visits (day 2, 7, 9, and 14). The product under evaluation with saponified olive oil was Inex Pediculicide Soap(®), which was compared with Paranix(®), with a similar mechanism of action...
May 30, 2016: Semergen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27240567/exotic-pediculosis-and-hair-loss-syndrome-in-deer-odocoileus-hemionus-populations-in-california
#9
Annette Roug, Pamela Swift, Birgit Puschner, Greg Gerstenberg, James W Mertins, Christine Kreuder Johnson, Steve Torres, Jack Mortensen, Leslie Woods
Infestation with nonnative, "exotic" lice was first noted in Washington black-tailed deer (Odocoileus hemionus columbianus) in 1994 and has since then spread throughout the western United States. In California, infestation with the exotic louse Damalinia (Cervicola) sp. was first detected in black-tailed deer from northern California in 2004, and, in 2009, the exotic louse species Bovicola tibialis and Linognathus africanus were identified on mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus californicus) in central Sierra Nevada in association with a mortality event...
July 2016: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27161609/-trichomycosis-trichobacteriosis-capitis-in-an-infant-microbiological-dermoscopic-and-ultrastructural-features
#10
Alexandro Bonifaz, Ixchel Ramírez-Ricarte, Alejandra Rodríguez-Leviz, Marco A Hernández, Carlos Mena, Adriana Valencia
INTRODUCTION: Trichomycosis is a superficial infection caused by Corynebacterium flavescens, which regularly affects axillary, and to a a lesser extent, pubic, scrotal and intergluteal, and exceptionally, head hairs or trichomycosis capitis (TC). This condition is characterised by the formation of bacterial nodules. Clinically, it can be confused with white piedra or pediculosis. The diagnosis is made by microscopic and dermoscopic observation and confirmed by culture. OBJECTIVE: To present a case of TC in an infant and illustrate the microscopic, dermoscopic, and ultrastructural characteristics...
May 5, 2016: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27136626/severe-pediculosis-capitus-a-case-of-crusted-lice-with-autoeczematization
#11
Cody J Connor, John C Selby, Karolyn A Wanat
Pediculosis humanus capitus infestations are common and classically present with intense pruritus of the scalp. Although many treatment options are available, lice are becoming more resistant to conventional therapies and severe clinical presentations are bound to become more prevalent. We present a case of treatment-resistant pediculosis capitus resulting in diffuse autoeczematization of the torso and extremities and severe crusting and scaling of the scalp, which we called "crusted lice." This eruption differs from the well-described id reaction known as "pediculid" and represents a more dramatic manifestation of rampant infestation...
2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27134208/socioeconomical-factors-associated-with-pediculosis-phthiraptera-pediculidae-in-athens-greece
#12
Anna Tagka, George I Lambrou, Maria Braoudaki, Takis Panagiotopoulos, Eleni Papanikolaou, Dimitris Laggas
Pediculosis in humans and especially in children is a very common dermatological disorder caused by the ectoparasite Pediculus humanus capitis De Geer. We investigated the socioeconomic factors affecting the prevalence of pediculosis in the Greek urban area of Athens during 2004-2006. The target population consisted of children from kindergartens. In total, 434 children from single- or two-parent families were investigated with respect to socioeconomic factors such as education, income and family composition, and the prevalence of pediculosis...
July 2016: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27112758/chemical-composition-and-efficacy-of-some-selected-plant-oils-against-pediculus-humanus-capitis-in-vitro
#13
Doaa A Yones, Hanaa Y Bakir, Soad A L Bayoumi
Natural compounds have been suggested as alternative sources for pediculosis capitis control. We aimed to investigate the chemical composition and evaluate the pediculicidal activity of spearmint, clove, cassia, thyme, eucalyptus, and anise essential oils in addition to sesame oil against human head lice in vitro. A filter paper contact bioassay method was used by applying 0.25 and 0.5 mg/cm(2) of each tested oil to filter paper in Petri dishes with 15 females head lice and another with ten nits. The lice mortalities were reported every 5 min for 180 min...
August 2016: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27057019/pattern-of-dermatoses-among-nicobarese-in-a-community-health-camp-at-nancowry-andaman-and-nicobar-islands
#14
Radhakrishnan Subramaniyan
BACKGROUND: The Andaman and Nicobar Islands are a group of islands to the east of the Indian mainland. The Nicobar district in its southern part includes the Nancowry group. Very little is known about the dermatoses in this remote region and hence, this study was carried out at a community medical camp held in Kamorta on November 12, 2014. AIMS: To study the pattern of dermatoses in Nicobarese attending a community medical camp at Nancowry. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: All Nicobarese, predominantly mongoloid, attending a multi-specialty community medical camp at Kamorta on November 12, 2014, were initially seen by a general practitioner...
March 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27038249/pediculosis-capitis-is-a-growing-neglected-infestation-due-to-migration-in-southeast-turkey
#15
Fadime Eroglu, Ümit Basaran, Cennet Gizem Kürklü, Mervenur Yüceer, Rabia Gül Yalcıntürk, Mustafa Tanrıverdi, Eda Icbay Daglı, Ismail Soner Koltas
Demographic, socio-economical, and environmental changes affecting prevalence of Pediculosis capitis. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of P. capitis and external factors affecting the distribution of P. capitis. A total of 6004 primary-school students between 5 and 11 years were screened for P. capitis at 28 different primary-schools in Gaziantep, located in southeastern of Turkey, during different two education terms (First education term is in September 2013 to May 2014, second education term is in September 2014 and May 2015)...
June 2016: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27032417/expansion-of-the-knockdown-resistance-frequency-map-for-human-head-lice-phthiraptera-pediculidae-in-the-united-states-using-quantitative-sequencing
#16
Kyle J Gellatly, Sarah Krim, Daniel J Palenchar, Katie Shepherd, Kyong Sup Yoon, Christopher J Rhodes, Si Hyeock Lee, J Marshall Clark
Pediculosis is a prevalent parasitic infestation of humans, which is increasing due, in part, to the selection of lice resistant to either the pyrethrins or pyrethroid insecticides by the knockdown resistance (kdr) mechanism. To determine the extent and magnitude of the kdr-type mutations responsible for this resistance, lice were collected from 138 collection sites in 48 U.S. states from 22 July 2013 to 11 May 2015 and analyzed by quantitative sequencing. Previously published data were used for comparisons of the changes in the frequency of the kdr-type mutations over time...
May 2016: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26835244/prevalence-of-head-lice-infestation-and-its-associated-factors-among-primary-school-students-in-iran-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Mahmood Moosazadeh, Mahdi Afshari, Hormoz Keianian, Asghar Nezammahalleh, Ahmad Ali Enayati
OBJECTIVES: Head lice infestation is one of the most important health problems, generally involving children aged 5-13 years. This study aims to estimate the prevalence of head lice infestation and its associated factors among primary school children using systematic review and meta-analysis methods. METHODS: Different national and international databases were searched for selecting the relevant studies using appropriate keywords, Medical Subject Heading terms, and references...
December 2015: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26706962/head-pediculosis-in-schoolchildren-in-the-eastern-region-of-the-european-union
#18
Katarzyna Bartosik, Alicja Buczek, Zbigniew Zając, Joanna Kulisz
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the prevalence of head pediculosis among children from state primary schools in the villages and towns in eastern Poland, one of the poorest regions of the European Union. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted in 2009-2012 in 30 rural and urban State schools. Current and previous results (1996-2000) of examinations performed in the study area were compared. The impact of socioeconomic factors on the prevalence of head pediculosis in eastern Poland in the period of 16 years was analysed...
2015: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26612378/parasitic-skin-infections-for-primary-care-physicians
#19
REVIEW
Irfan Dadabhoy, Jessica F Butts
The 2 epidermal parasitic skin infections most commonly encountered by primary care physicians in developed countries are scabies and pediculosis. Pediculosis can be further subdivided into pediculosis capitis, corporis, and pubis. This article presents a summary of information and a review of the literature on clinical findings, diagnosis, and treatment of these commonly encountered parasitic skin infestations.
December 2015: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26606452/risk-factors-associated-with-parasitic-infection-among-municipality-solid-waste-workers-in-an-egyptian-community
#20
Safaa M Eassa, Ekram W Abd El-Wahab, Sameh E Lotfi, Sanaa A El Masry, Hanan Z Shatat, Amira M Kotkat
Solid-waste management is associated with several health hazards, particularly parasitic infection. The objective of the study was to determine the association between risk factors and the occurrence of intestinal parasitic infections (potentially pathogenic) among municipal waste collectors in Alexandria, Egypt. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in the main municipality company in Alexandria. A total of 346 municipality solid-waste workers (MSWWs) was interviewed using an in-depth questionnaire. The type of parasitic infections among waste handlers was determined using formol-ether concentration and modified Ziehl-Neelsen technique...
April 2016: Journal of Parasitology
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