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Coronary artery bypass and angioplasty

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057794/purinergic-signaling-in-the-cardiovascular-system
#1
REVIEW
Geoffrey Burnstock
There is nervous control of the heart by ATP as a cotransmitter in sympathetic, parasympathetic, and sensory-motor nerves, as well as in intracardiac neurons. Centers in the brain control heart activities and vagal cardiovascular reflexes involve purines. Adenine nucleotides and nucleosides act on purinoceptors on cardiomyocytes, AV and SA nodes, cardiac fibroblasts, and coronary blood vessels. Vascular tone is controlled by a dual mechanism. ATP, released from perivascular sympathetic nerves, causes vasoconstriction largely via P2X1 receptors...
January 6, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042404/in-hospital-and-one-year-clinical-outcome-of-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-oman-oman-pci-registry
#2
Prashanth Panduranga, Majdah Al-Rashidi, Fatma Al-Hajri
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to investigate the in-hospital and one-year clinical outcome of patients treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in a tertiary hospital in Oman. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, single-center, observational study looking at patients > 18 years old who underwent a PCI from 1 January to 31 December 2013. The primary end point was the occurrence of a major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE), defined as death, any myocardial infarction (MI), cerebrovascular accident (CVA), and target vessel revascularization (TVR) with either repeat PCI or coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG)...
January 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035299/trends-in-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-and-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-in-korea
#3
Heeyoung Lee, Kun Sei Lee, Sung Bo Sim, Hyo Seon Jeong, Hye Mi Ahn, Hyun Keun Chee
BACKGROUND: Coronary angioplasty has been replacing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) because of the relative advantage in terms of recovery time and noninvasiveness of the procedure. Compared to other Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries, Korea has experienced a rapid increase in coronary angioplasty volumes. METHODS: We analyzed changes in procedure volumes of CABG and of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) from three sources: the OECD Health Data, the National Health Insurance Service (NHIS) surgery statistics, and the National Health Insurance claims data...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031688/premature-atherosclerosis-and-drug-eluting-stent-restenosis-in-an-adult-with-osteogenesis-imperfecta
#4
Mutlu Gungor, Mustafa Aparci, Ali C Özer
Mild form of osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) may have a normal life span. However, cardiovascular complications including aortic and valvular heart disease, and coronary artery disease may complicate the life period. We presented a patient with mild form of OI and premature coronary atherosclerosis. He had been performed primary percutaneous angioplasty and drug eluting stent implantation to left anterior descending coronary artery osteal lesion. Then he presented with unstable angina pectoris due to the diffuse in-stent restenosis and a highly critical lesion adjacent to previously stented segment...
December 2016: International Journal of Angiology: Official Publication of the International College of Angiology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009959/right-coronary-artery-and-left-anterior-descending-artery-occlusion-after-aortic-valve-replacement
#5
Sofoklis Mitsos, Saina Attaran, Anthony C De Souza
Coronary artery stenosis is a potentially life-threatening complication after heart valve surgery. The details are presented of a patient with unobstructed coronary arteries, who underwent routine aortic valve replacement and developed dissection of the right coronary artery (RCA) on the third postoperative day, and occlusion of the left anterior descending (LAD) artery one month after surgery. This complication required prompt clinical recognition and diagnosis by repeat coronary angiography, and a rapid intervention with coronary artery bypass grafting or with angioplasty and stenting...
July 2016: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007199/coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-versus%C3%A2-drug-eluting-stent-implantation-for%C3%A2-left%C3%A2-main-or-multivessel-coronary-artery%C3%A2-disease-a-meta-analysis-of-individual-patient-data
#6
Cheol Whan Lee, Jung-Min Ahn, Rafael Cavalcante, Yohei Sotomi, Yoshinobu Onuma, Pannipa Suwannasom, Erhan Tenekecioglu, Sung-Cheol Yun, Duk-Woo Park, Soo-Jin Kang, Seung-Whan Lee, Young-Hak Kim, Seong-Wook Park, Patrick W Serruys, Seung-Jung Park
OBJECTIVES: The authors undertook a patient-level meta-analysis to compare long-term outcomes after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) versus percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents (DES) in 3,280 patients with left main or multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD). BACKGROUND: The relative efficacy and safety of CABG versus PCI with DES for left main or multivessel CAD remain controversial. METHODS: Data were pooled from the BEST (Randomized Comparison of Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery and Everolimus Eluting Stent Implantation in the Treatment of Patients With Multivessel Coronary Artery Disease), PRECOMBAT (Premier of Randomized Comparison of Bypass Surgery vs...
December 26, 2016: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849190/prediction-of-fractional-flow-reserve-with-angiographic-dilemma-score
#7
Osman Beton, Hakkı Kaya, Okan Onur Turgut, Mehmet Birhan Yılmaz
OBJECTIVE: Angiographic assessment of stenosis has limited predictive value for functionally significant lesions compared with fractional flow reserve (FFR). The recently developed angiographic DILEMMA score, which consists of minimal lumen diameter (MLD), lesion length (LL) and Bypass Angioplasty Revascularization Investigation (BARI) Myocardial Jeopardy Index (MJI) was found to have diagnostic value in predicting FFR ≤0.80. The present study was an investigation of prediction of FFR ≤0...
November 10, 2016: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810312/percutaneous-coronary-angioplasty-versus-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-in-treatment-of-unprotected-left-main-stenosis-noble-a-prospective-randomised-open-label-non-inferiority-trial
#8
Timo Mäkikallio, Niels R Holm, Mitchell Lindsay, Mark S Spence, Andrejs Erglis, Ian B A Menown, Thor Trovik, Markku Eskola, Hannu Romppanen, Thomas Kellerth, Jan Ravkilde, Lisette O Jensen, Gintaras Kalinauskas, Rikard B A Linder, Markku Pentikainen, Anders Hervold, Adrian Banning, Azfar Zaman, Jamen Cotton, Erlend Eriksen, Sulev Margus, Henrik T Sørensen, Per H Nielsen, Matti Niemelä, Kari Kervinen, Jens F Lassen, Michael Maeng, Keith Oldroyd, Geoff Berg, Simon J Walsh, Colm G Hanratty, Indulis Kumsars, Peteris Stradins, Terje K Steigen, Ole Fröbert, Alastair N J Graham, Petter C Endresen, Matthias Corbascio, Olli Kajander, Uday Trivedi, Juha Hartikainen, Vesa Anttila, David Hildick-Smith, Leif Thuesen, Evald H Christiansen
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is the standard treatment for revascularisation in patients with left main coronary artery disease, but use of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for this indication is increasing. We aimed to compare PCI and CABG for treatment of left main coronary artery disease. METHODS: In this prospective, randomised, open-label, non-inferiority trial, patients with left main coronary artery disease were enrolled in 36 centres in northern Europe and randomised 1:1 to treatment with PCI or CABG...
December 3, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810235/impact-of-coronary-collaterals-on-long-term-prognosis-in-patients-treated-with-primary-angioplasty
#9
Francisco José Hernández-Pérez, Josebe Goirigolzarri-Artaza, María Alejandra Restrepo-Córdoba, Arturo García-Touchard, Juan Francisco Oteo-Domínguez, Lorenzo Silva-Melchor, José Antonio Fernández-Díaz, José Ramón Domínguez-Puente, Luis Alonso-Pulpón, Javier Goicolea-Ruigómez
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The beneficial effect of coronary collateral circulation (CC) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction is controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of CC before reperfusion with primary angioplasty (PA) on the long-term prognosis of these patients. METHODS: Retrospective observational study of a cohort of 947 patients treated with PA and TIMI grade ≤ 1 flow in a single center from 2005 to 2013...
October 31, 2016: Revista Española de Cardiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729667/-sici-gise-position-paper-use-of-absorb-bvs-in-clinical-practice
#10
Giuseppe Tarantini, Francesco Saia, Piera Capranzano, Bernardo Cortese, Marco Mojoli, Giacomo Boccuzzi, Andrea Cuculo, Salvatore Geraci, Alessio Mattesini, Jacopo Oreglia, Francesco Summaria, Luca Testa, Sergio Berti, Giovanni Esposito, Alessio La Manna, Ugo Limbruno, Alfredo Marchese, Ciro Mauro, Fabio Tarantino, Alessandro Salvi, Gennaro Santoro, Ferdinando Varbella, Roberto Violini, Giuseppe Musumeci
Drug-eluting stents (DES) are the current gold standard for percutaneous treatment of coronary artery disease. However, DES are associated with a non-negligible risk of long-term adverse events related to persistence of foreign material in the coronary artery wall. In addition, DES implantation causes permanent caging of the native vessel, thus impairing normal vasomotricity and the possibility of using non-invasive coronary imaging or preforming subsequent bypass surgery. On the contrary, coronary bioresorbable stents (BRS) may provide temporary mechanical support to coronary wall without compromising the subsequent recovery of normal vascular physiology, and have the potential to prevent late adverse events related to permanent elements...
October 2016: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710802/long-term-survival-among-patients-with-coronary-angioplasty-with-drug-eluting-stent-for-the-treatment-of-unprotected-left-main-stenosis-compared-to-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#11
Timo H Mäkikallio, Juhani Junttila, Antti Kiviniemi, Sudhir Kurl, Kari Ylitalo, Jarkko Magga, Vesa Jokinen, Olli-Pekka Piira, Kari Kervinen, Matti Niemelä, Jari A Laukkanen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 28, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27626262/-assessment-of-surgical-risk-in-patients-with-lower-limb-chronic-critical-ischaemia
#12
Iu I Kazakov, I B Lukin, N Iu Sokolova, M A Strakhov
Analysed herein are both immediate and remote results of surgical treatment of 93 patients presenting with chronic atherosclerotic occlusion of the femoral-popliteal-tibial segment in the stage of critical ischaemia. The patients were subjected to autovenous femoropopliteal bypass grafting to the isolated arterial segment or balloon angioplasty with stenting of the superficial femoral artery. While choosing the method of arterial reconstruction we assessed concomitant diseases, primarily lesions of the coronary and cerebral circulation...
2016: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27587928/predictors-of-adverse-outcomes-of-patients-with-chest-pain-and-primary-diagnosis-of-non-cardiac-pain-at-the-time-of-discharge-from-emergency-department-a-30-days-prospective-study
#13
Mohammadhossien Soltani, Masoud Mirzaei, Ahmad Amin, Mahmoud Emami, Reza Aryanpoor, Farimah Shamsi, Mohammadtaghi Sarebanhassanabadi
BACKGROUND: Chest pain is a common symptom for referring patients to emergency departments (ED). Among those referred, some are admitted to hospitals with a definite or tentative diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome and some are discharged with primary diagnosis of non-cardiac chest pain. This study aimed at investigating 30 days' adverse outcomes of patients discharged from ED of a major heart center in Iran. METHODS: Out of 1638 chest pain admissions to the centre during 2010-2011, 962 patients (mean age= 50...
July 2016: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27585503/outcomes-after-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-or-bypass-surgery-in-patients-with-unprotected-left-main-disease
#14
Rafael Cavalcante, Yohei Sotomi, Cheol W Lee, Jung-Min Ahn, Vasim Farooq, Hiroki Tateishi, Erhan Tenekecioglu, Yaping Zeng, Pannipa Suwannasom, Carlos Collet, Felipe N Albuquerque, Yoshinobu Onuma, Seung-Jung Park, Patrick W Serruys
BACKGROUND: Currently available randomized data on the comparison between percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) for the treatment of unprotected left main coronary disease (LMD) lacks statistical power due to low numbers of patients enrolled. OBJECTIVES: This study assessed long-term outcomes of PCI and CABG for the treatment of LMD in specific subgroups according to disease anatomic complexity. METHODS: We conducted a pooled analysis of individual patient-level data of the LMD patients included in the PRECOMBAT (Bypass Surgery Versus Angioplasty Using Sirolimus-Eluting Stent in Patients With Left Main Coronary Artery Disease) and SYNTAX (Synergy Between PCI With TAXUS and Cardiac Surgery) trials...
September 6, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580152/strength-training-and-the-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-and-cardiovascular-disease
#15
Eric J Shiroma, Nancy R Cook, Joann E Manson, M V Moorthy, Julie E Buring, Eric B Rimm, I-Min Lee
PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine the association of strength training with incident type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease risk. METHODS: We followed 35,754 healthy women (mean age = 62.6 yr, range = 47.0-97.8) from the Women's Health Study, who responded to a health questionnaire that included physical activity questions in 2000, assessing health outcomes through annual health questionnaire through 2014 (mean ± SD follow-up = 10.7 ± 3.7 yr). Incident type 2 diabetes (N cases = 2120) and cardiovascular disease (N cases = 1742) were confirmed on medical record review...
January 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27565589/resolution-of-ischemic-symptoms-after-percutaneous-angioplasty-for-a-symptomatic-subclavian-artery-stenosis
#16
Leszek Wrotniak, Anna Kabłak-Ziembicka, Agnieszka Rosławiecka, Piotr Musiałek, Paweł Bogacki, Mariusz Trystuła, Krzysztof Żmudka, Tadeusz Przewłocki
OBJECTIVE: A minor part of patients with subclavian or innominate artery occlusive disease (subclavian artery stenosis [SAS]) experience symptoms of vertebrobasilar insufficiency, upper extremity exertional ischemia (UEEI), or cardiac ischemia owing to subclavian-coronary steal (SCS) in some instances. The study aimed to assess the impact of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) of symptomatic SAS on symptom resolution and to determine factors related with SAS recurrence. METHODS: Symptom resolution and incidence of restenosis (RS) were evaluated for up to 15 years in patients who had undergone successful PTA of SAS...
September 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27508616/-op-2a-08-hypertension-and-cardiovascular-disease-in-greece-interim-analysis-of-the-emeno-national-epidemiological-study
#17
G S Stergiou, A Margetaki, N Boubouchairopoulou, A Mastrokostas, A Vantarakis, G Chlouverakis, G Rachiotis, G Trypsianis, P Voulgari, I Alamanos, A Karakosta, G Touloumi
OBJECTIVE: To date no nationwide epidemiological study of cardiovascular disease has been performed in the general population in Greece. This study evaluated the prevalence of coronary heart disease and stroke in individuals with hypertension in a randomly selected general population sample of adults in Greece. DESIGN AND METHOD: The EMENO survey (National Morbidity and Risk Factors Survey) supported by the European Social Fund and national funds, is currently performed in Greece, aiming to include 6,000 adults aged > = 18 years...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27499165/the-effect-of-geographic-units-of-analysis-on-measuring-geographic-variation-in-medical-services-utilization
#18
Agnus M Kim, Jong Heon Park, Sungchan Kang, Kyosang Hwang, Taesik Lee, Yoon Kim
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the effect of geographic units of analysis on measuring geographic variation in medical services utilization. For this purpose, we compared geographic variations in the rates of eight major procedures in administrative units (districts) and new areal units organized based on the actual health care use of the population in Korea. METHODS: To compare geographic variation in geographic units of analysis, we calculated the age-sex standardized rates of eight major procedures (coronary artery bypass graft surgery, percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty, surgery after hip fracture, knee-replacement surgery, caesarean section, hysterectomy, computed tomography scan, and magnetic resonance imaging scan) from the National Health Insurance database in Korea for the 2013 period...
July 2016: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27496237/estimating-the-economic-burden-of-cardiovascular-events-in-patients-receiving-lipid-modifying-therapy-in-the-uk
#19
Mark D Danese, Michelle Gleeson, Lucie Kutikova, Robert I Griffiths, Ali Azough, Kamlesh Khunti, Sreenivasa Rao Kondapally Seshasai, Kausik K Ray
OBJECTIVES: To characterise the costs to the UK National Health Service of cardiovascular (CV) events among individuals receiving lipid-modifying therapy. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study using Clinical Practice Research Datalink records from 2006 to 2012 to identify individuals with their first and second CV-related hospitalisations (first event and second event cohorts). Within-person differences were used to estimate CV-related outcomes. SETTING: Patients in the UK who had their first CV event between January 2006 and March 2012...
2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27491605/individual-long-term-mortality-prediction%C3%A2-following-either-coronary-stenting-or%C3%A2-bypass-surgery-in-patients%C3%A2-with-multivessel-and-or-unprotected-left-main%C3%A2-disease-an-external-validation-of-the-syntax-score-ii-model-in-the-1-480-patients-of-the-best-and-precombat
#20
Yohei Sotomi, Rafael Cavalcante, David van Klaveren, Jung-Min Ahn, Cheol Whan Lee, Robbert J de Winter, Joanna J Wykrzykowska, Yoshinobu Onuma, Ewout W Steyerberg, Seung-Jung Park, Patrick W Serruys
OBJECTIVES: The study sought to validate the SYNTAX (Synergy Between Percutaneous Coronary Intervention With Taxus and Cardiac Surgery) score II mortality prediction model after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass grafting in a large pooled population of patients with multivessel coronary disease (MVD) and/or unprotected left main disease (UPLMD) enrolled in the PRECOMBAT (Bypass Surgery Versus Angioplasty Using Sirolimus-Eluting Stent in Patients With Left Main Coronary Artery Disease) and BEST (Artery Bypass Surgery and Everolimus-Eluting Stent Implantation in the Treatment of Patients with Multivessel Coronary Artery Disease) randomized controlled trials...
August 8, 2016: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
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