Read by QxMD icon Read

Guidelines infant

D Valenzuela, F Moya, M Luco, J L Tapia
50 years ago, Northway described Broncopulmonary Dysplasia (BPD) in preterm infants exposed to mechanical ventilation. Since then, their survival has increased, nevertheless a "new BPD" has appeared and its incidence has not diminished. One of the characteristics of this pathology is the the abnormal vascular remodeling, which in its most severe expression is known as Pulmonary Hyper tension (PH); with an incidence of 17% in patients with BPD, which is proportional to the severity of the disease (33% in severe BPD), and as mortality factor (up to 48% 2-year mortality in PH-BPD)...
December 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
David J Tester, Leonie C H Wong, Pritha Chanana, Amie Jaye, Jared M Evans, David R FitzPatrick, Margaret J Evans, Peter Fleming, Iona Jeffrey, Marta C Cohen, Jacob Tfelt-Hansen, Michael A Simpson, Elijah R Behr, Michael J Ackerman
BACKGROUND: Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is a leading cause of postneonatal mortality. Genetic heart diseases (GHDs) underlie some cases of SIDS. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the spectrum and prevalence of GHD-associated mutations as a potential monogenic basis for SIDS. METHODS: A cohort of 419 unrelated SIDS cases (257 male; average age 2.7 ± 1.9 months) underwent whole exome sequencing and a targeted analysis of 90 GHD-susceptibility genes...
March 20, 2018: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
A W Dretler, N G Rouphael, D S Stephens
The control of meningitis, meningococcemia and other infections caused by Neisseria meningitidis is a significant global health challenge. Substantial progress has occurred in the last twenty years in meningococcal vaccine development and global implementation. Meningococcal protein-polysaccharide conjugate vaccines to serogroups A, C, W, and Y (modeled after the Haemophilus influenzae b conjugate vaccines) provide better duration of protection and immunologic memory, and overcome weak immune responses in infants and young children and hypo-responsive to repeated vaccine doses seen with polysaccharide vaccines...
March 15, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
Mosarrat J Qureshi, Manoj Kumar
BACKGROUND: Providing effective positive pressure ventilation is considered to be the single most important component of successful neonatal resuscitation. Ventilation is frequently initiated manually with bag and face mask (BMV) followed by endotracheal intubation if respiratory depression continues. These techniques may be difficult to perform successfully resulting in prolonged resuscitation or neonatal asphyxia. The laryngeal mask airway (LMA) may achieve initial ventilation and successful resuscitation faster than a bag-mask device or endotracheal intubation...
March 15, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Livio Provenzi, Sara Broso, Rosario Montirosso
Preterm infants are hospitalized in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) and are precociously separated from their mothers. Although developmental care interventions are meant to facilitate mother-infant bonding, physical contact is not always possible. Maternal voice exposure has been proposed as a way to foster maternal closeness and support postnatal bonding. Here we present a systematic review on maternal voice effects on preterm infants' development. Literature search occurred on 4 databases (PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science and CINAHL)...
March 10, 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Cynthuja Thilakanathan, Gabrielle Wark, Michael Maley, Scott Davison, Joseph Lawler, Aimei Lee, Nicholas Shackel, Vi Nguyen, Kathy Jackson, Anne Glass, Stephen A Locarnini, Miriam T Levy
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Anti-partum antiviral therapy in the setting of high viral load is recommended to prevent mother-to-child transmission of hepatitis B although recommended viral load cut-offs vary. Quantitative HBsAg has been proposed as an alternative screening strategy to identify high viral load in this setting. Guidelines suggest testing all infants for vaccine response and infection. We set out to re-examine viral load cut-offs; the predictive value of quantitative HBsAg and the need for follow-up infant testing in our cohort...
March 12, 2018: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
Michael C Tracy, Roshni Mathew
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review aims to provide clinicians engaged in the care of infants and children an update on the current understanding of the epidemiology, etiology, diagnostic evaluation, and clinical management of complicated pneumonia. The review provides timely information surrounding areas of consensus and ongoing research. RECENT FINDINGS: The epidemiology and etiologies of complicated pneumonia continue to evolve over the past several decades in context of the introduction of new vaccines...
March 9, 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
Lauren B Crawford, Meredith R Golomb
OBJECTIVE: Here we review the current literature regarding visual outcome after perinatal and childhood stroke. BACKGROUND: Visual deficits following stroke in adults are common and have been previously reviewed. Less is known about visual deficits following stroke in neonates and older children. Most of the literature regarding this subject has focused on preterm infants, or on other types of brain injury. This review summarizes the types of visual deficits seen in term infants following perinatal stroke and children following childhood stroke and predictors of outcome...
November 20, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
Matthew Greenhawt, Edmond S Chan, David M Fleischer, Allison Hicks, Rachel Wilson, Marcus Shaker, Carina Venter, David Stukus
BACKGROUND: Recent guidelines recommend early peanut introduction (EPI) beginning around 4-6 months in infants with either severe eczema and/or egg allergy, and around 6 months for all other infants. Caregiver preferences for such practices are unkown. METHODS: We explored preferences for EPI and in-office allergy risk assessment (IRA) through a nationally-representative survey of expecting (n=1000) and new caregivers of infants < 1 year (n=1000). RESULTS: Among a primarily female (99...
March 7, 2018: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
Amy M Scurlock, Stacie M Jones
Advances in food allergy diagnosis, management, prevention and therapeutic interventions have been significant over the past two decades. Evidence based national and international guidelines have streamlined food allergy diagnosis and management, while paradigm shifting work in primary prevention of peanut allergy has resulted in significant modifications in the approach to early food introduction in infants and toddlers. Innovative investigation of food allergy epidemiology, systems biology, impact, and management has provided important insights...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Katherine L Brown, Deborah A Ridout, Christina Pagel, Monica Lakhanpaul, Suzan Kakat, Victoria Banks, Rodney Franklin, Thomas Witter, Rhian Lakhani, Shane Tibby, David Anderson, Victor Tsang, Aparna U Hoskote, Jo Wray
Introduction The objective of this study was to prospectively validate the "Brief Developmental Assessment", which is a new early recognition tool for neurodevelopmental abnormalities in children with heart disease that was developed for use by cardiac teams. METHODS: This was a prospective validation study among a representative sample of 960 pre-school children with heart disease from three United Kingdom tertiary cardiac centres who were analysed grouped into five separate age bands...
April 2018: Cardiology in the Young
Mona Pauline Voie, Jorunn Tunby, Nina Strømsvik
AIM: To explore the collaboration challenges faced by neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) nurses and public health nurses when preparing premature infants for transition home and to explore the culture of cooperation between the two professional groups. METHOD: Qualitative individual interviews were undertaken with two NICU nurses and two public health nurses. A qualitative content analysis was used to analyse the data. FINDINGS: Three main themes were identified: different expectations and lack of communication between NICU nurses and public health nurses; responsibilities and interactions between the two professional groups were not clearly defined; and the public health nurses' competence was not recognised by the NICU nurses and parents...
March 7, 2018: Nursing Children and Young People
Alessandra Prioreschi, Thomas Nappey, Kate Westgate, Patrick Olivier, Soren Brage, Lisa Kim Micklesfield
Background: It is important to be able to reliably and feasibly measure infant and toddler physical activity in order to determine adherence to current physical activity guidelines and effects on early life development, growth and health. This study aimed to describe the development of an infant wearable wrist-worn band for the measurement of physical activity; to determine the feasibility of the device data for observational measurement of physical activity and to determine the caregiver reported acceptability of the infant wearable wrist band...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
Shogo Ozawa
 Elderly patients often suffer from a variety of diseases and therefore may be prescribed several kinds of drugs. Interactions between these drugs may cause problems in some patients. Guidelines for drug interactions were released on July 8, 2014 "Drug Interaction Guideline for Drug Development and Labeling Recommendations (Final Draft)". These guidelines include the theoretical basis for evaluating the mechanisms of drug interaction, the possible extent of drug interactions, and take into consideration special populations (e...
2018: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
Sungho Lim, Michael J Javorski, Pegge M Halandras, Paul C Kuo, Bernadette Aulivola, Paul Crisostomo
OBJECTIVE: Acute limb ischemia (ALI) in a pediatric patient is a rare condition but may result in lifelong disability. A paucity of evidence exists to derive treatment guidelines; some surgeons advocate conservative management over invasive measures. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of surgical revascularization in the pediatric population and outcomes of conservative vs surgical management. METHODS: The Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project State Inpatient Database (California, Iowa, and New York) between 2007 and 2013 was queried using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision codes...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Roberta Barachetti, Elisabetta Villa, Mario Barbarini
The introduction of solid food is necessary for any infant in order to provide adequate nutrition because when they grow up milk is insufficient for their nutritional needs. Infants born preterm have increased nutritional requirements. The high nutrient demands as well as the organ immaturity of preterm infants combine to render it difficult to achieve dietary intakes that will allow preterm infants to match their in utero growth rates. Current guidelines for the introduction of solid food to term infants cannot be directly translated to preterm infants...
December 22, 2017: La Pediatria Medica e Chirurgica: Medical and Surgical Pediatrics
P P Larsen, M-C Bründer, M Petrak, V Jehle, W A Lagrèze, F G Holz, A Stahl, T U Krohne
BACKGROUND: The number of preterm births in Germany has been increasing continuously over the past decades. Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a major complication of preterm birth and one of the leading causes of blindness in children. OBJECTIVES: This study analyzes the development of the incidence of ROP over the past 5 years at two German university hospitals, utilizing data from ROP screening examinations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We assessed all children born in the years 2012-2016 who were included in the ROP screening program at two German university hospitals according to the criteria of the German ROP screening guidelines...
March 2, 2018: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
J M S Yrjänä, R Bloigu, P Kulmala
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Whether the guidelines on infant nutrition, food allergy and atopic dermatitis confer real health benefits in practice at the population level has not been deeply studied. We aimed here to characterize the knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions regarding these issues among primary health care professionals. In addition, we surveyed available parent-reported information sources and the incidence of food-related symptoms, dietary restrictions, food allergy, and atopic dermatitis among one-year-old children in the general population...
February 26, 2018: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
Heather A Long, Lauren Solski, Jill A Rebuck, Colin Bridgeman
OBJECTIVES: Recent guidelines defined and differentiated the management of gastroesophageal reflux (GER) and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The guidelines recommend against using empiric acid suppression therapy for infantile GER. The primary objective of this study was to assess inpatient guideline adherence regarding management of infantile GER through the perspective of pharmacists. Secondary objectives included assessing pharmacist comfort level with differentiation between GER and GERD, observing current trends in practice relating to the primary objective, and determining the availability of institution-specific guidelines that address the management of infantile GER...
January 2018: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
Alison C Spence, Karen J Campbell, Sandrine Lioret, Sarah A McNaughton
BACKGROUND: Dietary intakes of young children are likely to be important determinants of their short- and long-term health, yet there are few longitudinal dietary studies of this age group, and no previous assessments of diets before age 2 years compared with national dietary guidelines. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare vegetable, fruit, and discretionary food intakes of children aged 9 months to 5 years to dietary guidelines, and to assess differences in intakes by socioeconomic status and tracking of intakes across early childhood...
February 23, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"