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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211341/food-protein-induced-enterocolitis-syndrome
#1
REVIEW
A Nowak-Węgrzyn, E Jarocka-Cyrta, Apb Moschione Castro
Food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) is a non-IgE-, cell-mediated food allergy of unknown prevalence and pathophysiology. Onset is typically during the first year of life; seafood-induced FPIES may start in adulthood. Acute FPIES manifests within 1-4 hours after ingestion with repetitive emesis, pallor, and lethargy progressing to dehydration and hypovolemic shock in 15% of cases. Chronic FPIES manifests with intermittent emesis, watery diarrhea, and poor growth progressing to dehydration and hypovolemic shock over a period of days to weeks...
2017: Journal of Investigational Allergology & Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211317/primary-human-cytomegalovirus-hcmv-infection-in-pregnancy
#2
Horst Buxmann, Klaus Hamprecht, Matthias Meyer-Wittkopf, Klaus Friese
BACKGROUND: In 0.5-4% of pregnancies, the prospective mother sustains a primary infection with human cytomegalovirus (HCMV). An HCMV infection of the fetus in the first or second trimester can cause complex post-encephalitic impairment of the infant brain, leading to motor and mental retardation, cerebral palsy, epilepsy, retinal defects, and progressive hearing loss. METHODS: This review is based on pertinent publications from January 2000 to October 2016 that were retrieved by a selective search in PubMed employing the terms "cytomegalovirus and pregnancy" and "congenital cytomegalovirus...
January 27, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208964/infant-and-young-child-feeding-practices-in-infants-receiving-skin-to-skin-care-at-birth-follow-up-of-randomized-cohort
#3
Archana Somashekhar Nimbalkar, Dipen Vasudev Patel, Somashekhar Marutirao Nimbalkar, Vijay Karshanbhai Patel, Dhaval Nileshbhai Patel, Ajay Gajanan Phatak
INTRODUCTION: Skin to Skin Care (SSC) in neonatal period influences immediate breastfeeding outcomes in early childhood, especially the duration of exclusive breastfeeding. AIM: We investigated influence of 17 hours of SSC given from day one of life on Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) practices through one year of life. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Follow-up of a Superiority Randomized Control Trial (RCT) (CTRI/2013/06/003790) conducted in a teaching hospital located in central Gujarat...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207774/association-between-the-infant-and-child-feeding-index-icfi-and-nutritional-status-of-6-to-35-month-old-children-in-rural-western-china
#4
Pengfei Qu, Baibing Mi, Duolao Wang, Ruo Zhang, Jiaomei Yang, Danmeng Liu, Shaonong Dang, Hong Yan
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between the quality of feeding practices and children's nutritional status in rural western China. METHODS: A sample of 12,146 pairs of 6- to 35-month-old children and their mothers were recruited using stratified multistage cluster random sampling in rural western China. Quantile regression was used to analyze the relationship between the Infant and Child Feeding Index (ICFI) and children's nutritional status...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206996/the-quest-for-sustained-multiple-morbidity-reduction-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants-the-antifragility-project
#5
J W Kaempf, N M Schmidt, S Rogers, C Novack, M Friant, L Wang, N Tipping
OBJECTIVE: Can a comprehensive, explicitly directive evidence-based guideline for all therapies that might affect the major morbidities of very low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants help a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) further improve generally favorable morbidity rates? Can Antifragility principles of provider adaptive growth from stressors, enhanced infant risk assessment and adherence to effective therapies minimize unproven treatments and reduce all morbidities? STUDY DESIGN: Prospectively planned observational trial in VLBW infants: control group born October 2011 to September 2013 and study group October 2013 to September 2015...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206882/guideline-on-perinatal-and-infant-oral-health-care
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198787/serologic-responses-after-hepatitis-b-vaccination-in-preterm-infants-born-to-hepatitis-b-surface-antigen-positive-mothers-singapore-experience
#7
Tan Xt Christelle, Chan Si Min, Le Ye Lee, Christina Ong, Kong Boo Phua, Marion M Aw, Sharon Saw, Guan Huei Lee, Franco Wong, Koh Cheng Thoon
BACKGROUND: The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommends a 4-dose vaccination schedule for preterm low birth weight infants (<2kg) and a 3-dose vaccination schedule for preterm infants (≥2kg) born to hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) positive mothers. However, data remain limited for these high risk infants and the optimal dosing schedule in Asia is not well established. AIM: We aimed to evaluate the serologic vaccine responses in preterm infants born to HBsAg positive mothers using current vaccination guidelines...
February 13, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197144/detection-and-enumeration-of-spore-forming-bacteria-in-powdered-dairy-products
#8
REVIEW
Aoife J McHugh, Conor Feehily, Colin Hill, Paul D Cotter
With the abolition of milk quotas in the European Union in 2015, several member states including Ireland, Luxembourg, and Belgium have seen year on year bi-monthly milk deliveries to dairies increase by up to 35%. Milk production has also increased outside of Europe in the past number of years. Unsurprisingly, there has been a corresponding increased focus on the production of dried milk products for improved shelf life. These powders are used in a wide variety of products, including confectionery, infant formula, sports dietary supplements and supplements for health recovery...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194877/focused-breastfeeding-counselling-improves-short-and-long-term-success-in-an-early-discharge-setting-a-cluster-randomized-study
#9
Ingrid M S Nilsson, Katrine Strandberg-Larsen, Christopher H Knight, Anne Vinkel Hansen, Hanne Kronborg
Length of postnatal hospitalization has decreased and has been shown to be associated with infant nutritional problems and increase in readmissions. We aimed to evaluate if guidelines for breastfeeding counselling in an early discharge hospital setting had an effect on maternal breastfeeding self-efficacy, infant readmission and breastfeeding duration. A cluster randomized trial was conducted and assigned nine maternity settings in Denmark to intervention or usual care. Women were eligible if they expected a single infant, intended to breastfeed, were able to read Danish, and expected to be discharged within 50 hr postnatally...
February 14, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194188/primum-non-nocere-first-do-no-harm-and-then-feed-peanut
#10
Kyla Jade Hildebrand, Elissa Michele Abrams, Timothy K Vander Leek, Julia Elizabeth Mainwaring Upton, Douglas P Mack, Linda Kirste, Christine McCusker, Sandeep Kapur
The Addendum Guidelines for the Prevention of Peanut Allergy in the United States-Report of the NIAID-Sponsored Expert Panel were developed to build on previous food allergy guidelines after several key studies demonstrated the benefit of early introduction of allergenic foods. These landmark studies including the Learning Early about Peanut (LEAP), LEAP-On and Enquiring about Tolerance trials created a paradigm shift in food allergy prevention. The "take home" messages of this guideline include that peanut should be introduced early in the first year of life, and for the majority of infants, peanut can be introduced at home...
2017: Allergy, Asthma, and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192580/a-brief-resolved-unexplained-event-and-congenital-neurosyphilis
#11
Justin Triemstra, Kelsey Reno, Rebecca Chohlas-Wood, Colleen Nash
Brief resolved unexplained event (BRUE) is a common pediatric problem that presents to ambulatory and emergency settings. Infants presenting with a BRUE can be separated into low- and high-risk groups per recent guidelines. Most low-risk infants who present with a BRUE can be discharged home with anticipatory guidance and education provided to the caregivers; however, high-risk infants should undergo further testing and observation to determine the cause of their event. Congenital neurosyphilis can be a rare cause of a BRUE...
February 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192509/drug-versus-placebo-randomized-controlled-trials-in-neonates-a-review-of-clinicaltrials-gov-registry
#12
Emilie Desselas, Claudia Pansieri, Stephanie Leroux, Maurizio Bonati, Evelyne Jacqz-Aigrain
BACKGROUND: Despite specific initiatives and identified needs, most neonatal drugs are still used off-label, with variable dosage administrations and schedules. In high risk preterm and term neonates, drug evaluation is challenging and randomized controlled trials (RCT) are difficult to conduct and even more is the use of a placebo, required in the absence of a reference validated drug to be used as comparator. METHODS: We analyzed the complete ClinicalTrials.gov registry 1) to describe neonatal RCT involving a placebo, 2) to report on the medical context and ethical aspects of placebo use...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183002/unconjugated-free-bilirubin-in-preterm-infants
#13
Lori W E van der Schoor, Peter H Dijk, Henkjan J Verkade, Anna C J Kamsma, Andrea B Schreuder, Henk Groen, Christian V Hulzebos
BACKGROUND: Hyperbilirubinemia guidelines are based on total serum bilirubin (TSB), in combination with either gestational age (GA) or birth weight (BW), postnatal age and specific risk factors. However, TSB is a poor predictor of bilirubin-induced neurotoxicity (BIND). Free unconjugated bilirubin (UCBfree) and the UCBfree/TSB ratio are more directly related to BIND, but data on their postnatal courses are unknown. AIMS: To characterize the postnatal courses of UCBfree and UCBfree/TSB ratio, and assess their relationships with clinical characteristics...
February 6, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182680/sensory-modulation-in-preterm-children-theoretical-perspective-and-systematic-review
#14
Tinka Bröring, Kim J Oostrom, Harrie N Lafeber, Elise P Jansma, Jaap Oosterlaan
BACKGROUND: Neurodevelopmental sequelae in preterm born children are generally considered to result from cerebral white matter damage and noxious effects of environmental factors in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Cerebral white matter damage is associated with sensory processing problems in terms of registration, integration and modulation. However, research into sensory processing problems and, in particular, sensory modulation problems, is scarce in preterm children. AIM: This review aims to integrate available evidence on sensory modulation problems in preterm infants and children (<37 weeks of gestation) and their association with neurocognitive and behavioral problems...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179485/variation-in-sepsis-evaluation-across-a-national-network-of-nurseries
#15
Sagori Mukhopadhyay, James A Taylor, Isabelle Von Kohorn, Valerie Flaherman, Anthony E Burgos, Carrie A Phillipi, Nui Dhepyasuwan, Elizabeth King, Miren Dhudasia, Karen M Puopolo
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The extent to which clinicians use currently available guidelines for early-onset sepsis (EOS) screening has not been described. The Better Outcomes through Research for Newborns network represents 97 nurseries in 34 states across the United States. The objective of this study was to describe EOS risk management strategies across a national sample of newborn nurseries. METHODS: A Web-based survey was sent to each Better Outcomes through Research for Newborns network nursery site representative...
February 8, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179484/increasing-tdap-coverage-among-postpartum-women-a-quality-improvement-intervention
#16
Henry H Bernstein, Mikhaela Monty, Patriot Yang, Amy Cohen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Infants are at greatest risk for severe disease and death from pertussis; most acquire it from household contacts. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines recommend tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis, adsorbed (Tdap) vaccination for infant caregivers, especially postpartum women who did not receive it during pregnancy. Our objective was to increase the percentage of women receiving Tdap vaccine before postpartum discharge...
February 8, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179012/the-effect-of-mobile-application-interventions-on-influencing-healthy-maternal-behaviour-and-improving-perinatal-health-outcomes-a-systematic-review-protocol
#17
Lisa M Daly, Dell Horey, Philippa F Middleton, Frances M Boyle, Vicki Flenady
BACKGROUND: Perinatal morbidity and mortality remain significant public health issues globally, with enduring impact on the health and well-being of women and their families. Pregnant women who adopt, practice and maintain healthy behaviours can potentially improve the health of themselves and their babies. Mobile applications are an increasingly popular mode of accessing, storing and sharing health information among pregnant women. The main objective of this review is to evaluate the effects of mobile application interventions during pregnancy on maternal behaviour and associated maternal and infant outcomes...
February 8, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174033/acute-hypotonia-in-an-infant
#18
Jimme Sierakowski, Jason Arthur, Todd Wylie
BACKGROUND: Acute flaccid myelitis (AFM) is increasing in incidence in the United States and presenting to emergency departments (EDs) across the country. This clinical entity presents as acute paralysis, with magnetic resonance imaging changes in the gray matter only in children younger than 21 years of age. The etiology is unknown, although preceding viral illnesses are common. There are no consensus guidelines regarding treatment. CASE REPORT: A 4-month-old girl presented with decreased bilateral arm movement...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163726/can-a-risk-factor-based-approach-safely-reduce-screening-for-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#19
K M Friddle, B A Yoder, M E Hartnett, E Henry, R J DiGeronimo
Objective. Current American retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) screening guidelines is imprecise for infants ≥ 30 weeks with birth weights between 1500 and 2000 g. Our objective was to evaluate a risk factor based approach for screening premature infants at low risk for severe ROP. Study Design. We performed a 13-year review from Intermountain Health Care (IHC) data. All neonates born at ≤32 weeks were reviewed to determine ROP screening and/or development of severe ROP. Severe ROP was defined by stage ≥ 3 or need for laser therapy...
2017: International Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162764/gastrojejunostomy-tube-complications-a-single-center-experience-and-systematic-review
#20
James Morse, Robert Baird, Karl Muchantef, Dominique Levesque, Veronique Morinville, Pramod S Puligandla
PURPOSE: Gastrojejunostomy tubes (GJTs) enable enteral nutrition in infants/children with feeding intolerance. However, complications may be increased in small infants. We evaluated our single-institution GJT complication rate and systematically reviewed existing literature. METHODS: With REB approval, a retrospective single-institution analysis of GJT placements between 2009 and 2015 was performed. For the systematic review, MOOSE guidelines were followed. RESULTS: At our institution, 48 children underwent 154/159 successful insertions primarily for gastroesophageal reflux (n=27; 55%) and aspiration (n=11; 23%)...
January 29, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
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